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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
  [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0976-237X
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Secret weapon in the battle against cavities?

    • Authors: SG Damle
      Pages: 513 - 513
      Abstract: SG Damle
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):513-513

      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):513-513
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_781_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • In search of a novel substitute: Clinical and radiological success of
           lesion sterilization and tissue repair with modified 3mix-mp antibiotic
           paste and conventional pulpectomy for primary molars with pulp involvement
           with 18 months follow-up

    • Authors: Divya Doneria, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan, Karunakar Keshav, Anika Uppal
      Pages: 514 - 521
      Abstract: Divya Doneria, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan, Karunakar Keshav, Anika Uppal
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):514-521
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of zinc oxide (ZnO)-ozonated oil, modified 3Mix antibiotic paste, and vitapex in the treatment of primary molars requiring pulpectomy. Methods: Sixty-four primary molars of forty-three healthy children aged between 4 and 8 years with primary molars requiring root canal procedure were treated with ZnO-ozonated oil, modified 3Mix-MP antibiotic paste, and vitapex. Clinical follow up was done at 1, 6,12 months and 18 months while radiographical follow-up was done at 6,12 and 18 months, respectively. Results: The results showed that the clinical success rates of ZnO-ozonated oil, modified 3Mix-MP paste and vitapex were 95.5%,89.5% and 100% respectively and radiographical success rates were 94.4%,80.95% and 100% respectively after 18 months period of observation. Conclusion: The overall success rates of ZnO-ozonated oil, vitapex and modified 3Mix antibiotic paste were comparable.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):514-521
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A comparative evaluation between cheiloscopic patterns and terminal planes
           in primary dentition

    • Authors: R Vignesh, C Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi, Ditto Sharmin
      Pages: 522 - 525
      Abstract: R Vignesh, C Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi, Ditto Sharmin
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):522-525
      Objective: To assess the correlation between different cheiloscopic patterns with the terminal planes in deciduous dentition. Materials and Methods: Three hundred children who are 3–6 years old with complete primary dentition were recruited, and the pattern of molar terminal plane was recorded in the pro forma. Lip prints of these children were recorded with lipstick-cellophane method, and the middle 10 mm of lower lip was analyzed for the lip print pattern as suggested by Sivapathasundharam et al. The pattern was classified based on Tsuchihashi and Suzuki classification. Results: Type II (branched) pattern was the most predominant cheiloscopic pattern. The predominant patterns which related to the terminal planes were as follows: Type IV (reticular) and Type V (irregular) pattern for mesial step, Type IV (reticular) pattern for distal step, and Type I (complete vertical) pattern for flush terminal plane. No significant relationship was obtained on gender comparison. Conclusion: Lip prints can provide an alternative to dermatoglyphics to predict the terminal plane in primary dentition. Further studies with larger sample size are required to provide an insight into its significant correlations.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):522-525
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_48_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Analysis of salivary IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme before and
           after comprehensive dental treatment in children: A prospective study

    • Authors: Akhilesh Sharma, Priya Subramaniam, Shebin Moiden
      Pages: 526 - 530
      Abstract: Akhilesh Sharma, Priya Subramaniam, Shebin Moiden
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):526-530
      Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the levels of salivary IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme before and after comprehensive dental treatment in children with early childhood caries. Design: Thirty children aged 36–60 months, with a deft score ≥5, were selected for the study. Before dental treatment, paraffin-stimulated whole saliva was collected in a sterile graduated cup for a period of 5 min. The saliva samples were quantitatively analyzed for levels of IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Comprehensive dental treatment was carried out in all the children including caries preventive procedures. A second sample of saliva was collected at 3 months following completion of dental treatment. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis using Student's t-test. Results: The mean levels of salivary IgA was significantly reduced from 59.60 μg/ml to 56.42 μg/ml after dental treatment (P < 0.05). There was a significant reduction in the levels of salivary amylase from 115.78 μg/ml to 113.33 μg/ml (P < 0.001). Following dental treatment, salivary lactoferrin and lysozyme levels were significantly reduced from 3.76 μg/ml and 10.62 μg/ml to 3.44 μg/ml and 10.27 μg/ml, respectively (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Levels of salivary IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme were reduced significantly at 3 months following comprehensive dental treatment.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):526-530
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_103_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin with connective tissue
           grafts in the treatment of miller's Class I gingival recessions

    • Authors: Sonam Mufti, Sarvagna Mayank Dadawala, Phoram Patel, Monali Shah, Deepak Harish Dave
      Pages: 531 - 537
      Abstract: Sonam Mufti, Sarvagna Mayank Dadawala, Phoram Patel, Monali Shah, Deepak Harish Dave
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):531-537
      Background: One of the most common aesthetic problem encountered in the field of periodontology is gingival recession, which is, perceived by the patients as increase in length of teeth. The treatment of buccal gingival recession is a common requirement due to aesthetic concern or root sensitivity. This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of PRF membrane compared to that of CTG in Miller's class I gingival recessions. Materials and Methods: 32 sites with Miller's Class I gingival recessions, out of which 16 sites received PRF (test) and 16 sites received CTG (control). Each patient had undergone an initial periodontal treatment, including oral hygiene instructions, plaque control, and scaling and root planing, followed by re-evaluation. All clinical recordings; recession height, recession width, clinical attachment level, height of keratinized tissue, thickness of keratinized tissue, healing index and pain perception, were performed immediately before surgery (baseline) and after 6 months interval following periodontal surgery. Results: In the test group, significant improvement was seen in terms CAL, REC-HT, REC-WD, HKT and TKT from baseline to 6 months. In the control group, only significant improvement seen was in REC-HT and TKT from baseline to 6 months. Comparison of both Healing Index and VAS score was done and it showed no significant difference between test and the control group except VAS at 1 week. Conclusion: Though CTG is a gold standard procedure, PRF can be used as an alternative procedure by keeping patient's comfort and recognition in mind.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):531-537
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_325_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Impact of dental trauma on quality of life among 11&#8211;14 years
           schoolchildren

    • Authors: Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
      Pages: 538 - 544
      Abstract: Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):538-544
      Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11–14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt. OHRQoL was assessed using Child Perceptions Questionnaire. Clinical examination included the presence and type of TDI, malocclusion status, and dental caries in anterior teeth (decayed, missing, and filled teeth). Results: The prevalence of TDI was 13.6%. Untreated TDI was more likely to have a negative impact on the children's daily living regarding pain, functional, emotional, and social aspect than treated injuries and control children. Pearson's correlation test indicated significant association between trauma and malocclusion and dental caries. Conclusion: Untreated dental injury has a negative impact on quality of life regarding social, functional, and emotional aspects. However, treated injured teeth appear to improve social and emotional aspects of the OHRQoL of school children, whereas functional limitations may continue because of the pulpal and periodontal effects of the injury.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):538-544
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_428_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Oral health-related quality of life following third molar surgery in an
           African population

    • Authors: Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
      Pages: 545 - 551
      Abstract: Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):545-551
      Introduction: Surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars is often associated with sequelae such as postoperative pain, facial edema, and limitation in mouth opening ability. These sequelae may result in changes in the patients' lifestyle and quality of life (QoL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars on patients' QoL in the immediate postoperative period (7 days). Materials and Methods: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. A total of 124 individuals with impacted mandibular third molars, who satisfied the inclusion criteria and consented to participate in this study, were included. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) QoL questionnaire was used to assess QoL. QoL was assessed preoperatively (baseline) and on postoperative days (PODs) 1, 3, and 7. Maximal interincisal mouth opening, facial width, and pain were also reviewed at all evaluation points. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows (version 16.0, Chicago, IL, USA). Results: A total of 124 individuals were included in the final analysis. An age range of 18–51 years with a mean (±standard deviation) of 28.5 (7.4) years was observed. A male to female ratio of 1:1.5 was observed. The most frequently encountered type of impaction was the mesioangular impaction 51 (41.1%) and recurrent pericoronitis was the principal reason for extraction 53 (42.7%). The severity of the sequelae (pain, trismus, and facial edema) was maximal on the first POD. Patients' overall QoL deteriorated sharply on the first POD and subsequently improved. Conclusion: Surgical extraction of mandibular third molars is associated with worsening of patients' postoperative QoL in the immediate postoperative period. Prospective patients should be informed about this, and ways of reducing this untoward effect should be explored.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):545-551
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_435_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Influence of intracanal irrigants on coronal fracture resistance of
           endodontically treated and bleached teeth: An In vitro Study

    • Authors: Maryam Khoroushi, Fatemeh Tavakol, Farinaz Shirban, Sanaz Ziaei
      Pages: 552 - 557
      Abstract: Maryam Khoroushi, Fatemeh Tavakol, Farinaz Shirban, Sanaz Ziaei
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):552-557
      Background: Irrigation has a key role in the success of endodontic treatment. Intracanal irrigant solutions have adverse effects on the physical properties of dentin. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of different irrigation protocols on coronal fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth undergoing bleaching treatment. Design and Materials and Methods: Access cavities were prepared in 120 maxillary premolars which were divided into two groups (n = 60) – Group A: nonbleached, Group B: bleached (B). Each group was subdivided into five subgroups based on irrigation protocol (n = 12); G1: normal saline (NS), G2: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), G3: 10% citric acid (CA), G4: 17% ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid, and G5: NaOCl plus CA. In Group B, the teeth were bleached using 38% hydrogen peroxide and 20% carbamide peroxide gels as in-office and at-home bleaching techniques for 3 weeks. All the teeth were restored with composite resin, thermocycled, and incubated for 24 h. The specimens underwent fracture resistance tests. Data were analyzed with ANOVA, Tukey honestly significant difference test, t-test, and Chi-squared test (α =0.05). Results: T-test showed significant differences between each two corresponding subgroups (P < 0.0001). In Group A, NS demonstrated significantly higher fracture resistance compared to others; however, minimum fracture resistance recorded in G2. In Group B, the maximum fracture resistance was recorded in G1, with the minimum being recorded in G5. Samples irrigated with NaOCl and NaOCl plus CA exhibited significantly lower fracture resistance compared to NS subgroup (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the irrigation protocol used during endodontic treatment with/without bleaching can affect the coronal fracture resistance.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):552-557
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_445_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The bond strength of nanohybrid and nanoceramic composites to feldspathic
           porcelain

    • Authors: Hatice Özdemir, Nuran Din&#231;kal Yanikoglu
      Pages: 558 - 564
      Abstract: Hatice Özdemir, Nuran Dinçkal Yanikoglu
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):558-564
      Background: Porcelain fracture is the most important problem in fixed prosthetic restorations. The replacement of fractured restoraions isn't often prefer by patients and dentists. Intraoral repair of fractured porcelain is a big alternative for patient and dentist. For this reason, dentists try to improve different surface treatments to increase the bond strength between porcelain and repair materials such as composite resins. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of nano-hybrid (Nh.com) and nano-ceramic composite resins (Nc.com) to this feldspathic porcelains (Vita and Ivoclar). Settings and Design: 120 ceramic disc were fabricated from feldspathic porcelain. Materials and Methods: The following surface treatment was applied on the ceramic surface: 1) Hydrofluoric acid+silane, 2) Air-abrasion+silane, 3) Air-abrasion=Control group. Nh.com and Nc.com was placed on the porcelain surface. Half of the specimens were stored in 37 ± 2oC distilled water and another half were subjected to thermocycling before SBS. The samples placed in an universal testing machine and applied shear force until seperation occured. Statistical analysis used: The data were analyzed by multi-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan test (P<0.05). Results: The results show that Ivoclar and Vita had almost equal fracture values. Nh.com showed high bond strength than Nc.com. In the Ivoclar porcelain, hydrofluoric acid etching had highest fracture values than other surface treatments, and in the vita porcelain air-abrasion had a little difference from hydrofluoric acid etching. Conclusions: Different surface treatments show different effect on SBS between feldspathic porcelain and composite resins.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):558-564
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_504_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Effect of calcium channel blockers on gingival tissues in hypertensive
           patients in Lagos, Nigeria: A pilot study

    • Authors: Kehinde Adesola Umeizudike, Adetokunbo B Olawuyi, Theophilus I Umeizudike, Akinsanya D Olusegun-Joseph, Babawale T Bello
      Pages: 565 - 570
      Abstract: Kehinde Adesola Umeizudike, Adetokunbo B Olawuyi, Theophilus I Umeizudike, Akinsanya D Olusegun-Joseph, Babawale T Bello
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):565-570
      Background: Long-term treatment of common chronic cardiac conditions such as hypertension with calcium channel blockers (CCBs) has long been associated with gingival hyperplasia. This oral side effect may affect esthetics and function, yet often overlooked and therefore underreported among Nigerians. Aim: This study aimed to determine the association of CCBs with gingival overgrowth (GO) in hypertensive patients. Methods: This was a hospital-based, case–control study conducted among 116 hypertensive patients (58 CCB and 58 non-CCB age-matched controls) attending the medical outpatient clinic of a tertiary health institution in Lagos, Nigeria. Data collection tools included interviewer-administered questionnaires and periodontal examination. Sociodemographic details, medical history, and periodontal indices (gingival index, plaque index, class of GO according to drug-induced GO [DIGO] Clinical Index) were recorded. Results: The mean age was 59.4 ± 12.6 years, females representing 50.9%. In the CCB group, 39 (67.2%) participants were on amlodipine and 19 (32.8%) were on nifedipine. The mean duration of CCB use was 55.6 ± 53 months. DIGO was higher in CCB (36.2%) than that in non-CCB participants (17.2%) (χ2 = 4.4, P = 0.036). The risk of GO was higher in CCB users (odds ratio [OR] 2.7, [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 1.1–6.5). Amlodipine users had higher DIGO (37.5%) than that of nifedipine users (21.1%) (OR 2.3, [95% CI]: 1.0–5.3). The predominant class of DIGO among the CCB users was Class 2 DIGO Clinical Index (90.5%). Conclusion: The study reveals that the risk of GO is nearly three times in CCB than that of non-CCB users and twice higher in amlodipine than nifedipine users in Nigeria.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):565-570
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_536_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Effect of ultraviolet irradiation on the osseointegration of a titanium
           alloy with bone

    • Authors: Ashish Yadav, Ranjana Yadav, Aratee Gupta, Akash Baranwal, Atul Bhatnagar, Vakil Singh
      Pages: 571 - 578
      Abstract: Ashish Yadav, Ranjana Yadav, Aratee Gupta, Akash Baranwal, Atul Bhatnagar, Vakil Singh
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):571-578
      Introduction: Attempt has been made to analyze the potential of titanium (Ti) alloy for osteointegration by the effect of surface photo functionalization in different aspects as follows: in Ringer's solution, in vitro cell growth, and in vivo study on rabbit. The present study was aimed to investigate the influence of ultraviolet (UV) light on surface topography, corrosion behavior, and bioactivity of indigenously manufactured samples of Ti alloy mini-implant. Materials and Methods: The study includes surface modification of Ti samples by UV treatment, corrosion testing of the specimens using Potentiostat (GAMRY System), qualitative examination of modified surface topography using scanning electron microscope, and cellular viability test on Ti alloy surface (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ASSAY). To find the effect of UV light on implant bone integration, biochemical test was performed on the femur of rabbits. Results and Discussion: Corrosion resistance of untreated Ti alloy in Ringer's solution was found to be less, whereas corrosion rate was more. Corrosion resistance of UV-treated samples was found to increase significantly, thereby lowering the corrosion rate. Cell growth in UV-treated specimen was observed to be higher than that in untreated samples. It is important to mention that cell growth was significantly enhanced on samples which were UV treated for longer duration of time. Conclusions: There was a marked improvement in cell growth on UV-treated Ti alloy samples. Hence, it is expected that it would enhance the process of osseointegration of Ti with bone. Another important finding obtained was that the removal torque values of UV-treated implants were higher than that of untreated implants. The overall result reveals that UV treatment of implants does help us in speeding up the osseointegration process.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):571-578
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_576_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A radiographic study of the association between apical periodontitis and
           technical quality of intraradicular posts and root canal fillings: A
           cross-sectional study in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Ra&#39;fat Ibrahim Farah, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Aldakhili, Ayoub Sulaiman Alnasser
      Pages: 579 - 586
      Abstract: Ra'fat Ibrahim Farah, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Aldakhili, Ayoub Sulaiman Alnasser
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):579-586
      Objectives: This study evaluates the association between the apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of intraradicular posts and the quality of root fillings assessed radiographically in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Digital periapical radiographs of 327 teeth with post-retained restoration were retrieved randomly from the Qassim University screening clinic's digital archives and evaluated. The quality of the intraradicular post and root filling was evaluated according to the optimum criteria. The presence of AP was assessed based on the periapical index scoring system. The relation between the post technical quality, the quality of root filling, and AP was determined. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: AP was found in 22% of the investigated teeth. Adequate root fillings were found in 69% of roots, and 14% of these cases were associated with AP. In roots with root filling classified as inadequate, 38% had AP with a statistically significant association between the root filling length and the presence of AP (P < 0.001). The most frequently used posts were prefabricated metallic posts (57%). Teeth restored with cast posts and prefabricated metallic posts exhibited AP with a frequency of 42.3% and 25.4%, respectively, and teeth with nonmetallic posts had significantly fewer cases of AP (12.0%) with a statistically significant association between the post type and the presence of AP (P = 0.016). Conclusion: Both the quality of the root filling and the intraradicular post type were correlated significantly with the presence of AP. The technical quality of root fillings and intraradicular posts was adequate. Nevertheless, the use of threaded posts is still a common practice in this study population.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):579-586
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_605_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Isolation and typing of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus
           from caries-active subjects

    • Authors: Hamzah Abdulrahman Salman, R Senthilkumar, Khalid Imran, K Panneer Selvam
      Pages: 587 - 593
      Abstract: Hamzah Abdulrahman Salman, R Senthilkumar, Khalid Imran, K Panneer Selvam
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):587-593
      Background: Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus are main etiological agents of dental caries. Aim: The aim of the study was to isolate, identify, characterize, and determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of S. mutans and S. sobrinus from caries-active subjects. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five plaque samples were collected from caries-active subjects aged between 35 and 44 years, processed and cultured on mitis salivarius bacitracin agar. All the bacterial isolates were subjected to morphotyping and the suspected colonies were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. The S. mutans and S. sobrinus strains were characterized by biotyping and phylogenetic analysis. The MIC of ampicillin and erythromycin was determined by microtiter plate method. Results: Of the study population, 41 isolates displayed typical colony morphologies of S. mutans and S. sobrinus. The 16S rDNA sequencing results revealed that 36 isolates were S. mutans and 5 isolates were S. sobrinus. The biotyping of these isolates demonstrated three biotypes, namely, biotype I (n = 35), biotype III (n = 1), and biotype IV (n = 2). However, 3 isolates exhibited variant biotypes. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the clinical strains of S. mutans and S. sobrinus clustered independently along with respective reference strains. The average MIC of ampicillin and erythromycin against S. mutans and S. sobrinus was 0.047 μg/ml and 0.39 μg/ml, respectively. Conclusion: The 16S rDNA sequencing was an impeccable method for S. mutans and S. sobrinus identification when compared with morphotyping and biotyping methods. The study also suggested that nonspecific bacteria might be involved in caries formation.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):587-593
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_610_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Differential diagnosis between chronic versus aggressive periodontitis and
           staging of aggressive periodontitis: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Vivek Vijay Gupta, Dhoom Singh Mehta, Kalyan C Gundavarapu, Nibali Luigi
      Pages: 594 - 603
      Abstract: Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Vivek Vijay Gupta, Dhoom Singh Mehta, Kalyan C Gundavarapu, Nibali Luigi
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):594-603
      Background: Differentiating between chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP) is challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the variations in diagnosis between CP versus AgP and the staging of AgP based on the disease-staging index for AgP among periodontists, specialists in oral medicine, and general dental practitioners (GDPs). Materials and Methods: Fifteen cases diagnosed as either CP or AgP were included in a “case document” and sent electronically to 75 respondents. Case document included a detailed history with periodontal charting, clinical features, images, and radiographs for all the cases. Diagnosis and staging for the case (if diagnosed as AgP) were requested. A reordered case document (cases in a different sequence) was again sent to respondents after a gap of 1 month. Statistical analysis: Descriptive statistics including frequency and percentage were calculated. Pearson's Chi-square test was used to analyze the data collected. Results: For the “case document,” 10.17% of the responses were different from those of the authors for diagnosis, whereas 4.48% of the responses were different from those of the authors for the staging of AgP. The agreement in the overall responses was in the range of 0.69–0.84, which was considered good. Comparison of the responses for diagnosis showed statistically significant (P = 0.009) difference between specialists in oral medicine and GDPs. Conclusions: Variations exist among respondents regarding the diagnosis of CP versus AgP. Staging of AgP based on the listed criteria showed low variations.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):594-603
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_623_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Evaluating the effect of different conditioning agents on the shear bond
           strength of resin-modified glass ionomers

    • Authors: Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
      Pages: 604 - 612
      Abstract: Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):604-612
      Aim of the Study: This study aims to evaluate the effects three different conditioning agents on the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomers to human dentin. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty recently extracted, caries-free premolars and molars will be cleaned of debris and disinfected in a 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite and sterile water for 30 min. The occlusal surface of each tooth will be reduced using conventional model trimmer with water to produce the dentin surface. Then, three different resin-modified glass ionomer cements (GICs) were triturated and mixed according to the manufacturer's instructions, 10 specimens will be made of each group. The excess restorative material will be removed from matrix band dentin interface with a sharp number 25 bard parker blade. Samples were shear tested with Instron universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. A shearing bar beveled to a 1 mm thick contact surface area will be placed at the junction of dentin and plastic band matrix. The load required for the failure will be recorded in pounds and converted to megapascals. Results: Statistical analysis was done with analysis of variance and Tukey's test. Ketac primer as conditioning agent along with Fuji II LC as restorative material had the highest shear bond value whereas intact smear layer which was unmodified dentin had the least value. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the present study, it can be concluded that surface conditioning of dentin resulted significantly higher bond strength than unconditioned dentin surfaces. Clinical Significance: Resin-modified glass ionomers have several advantages compared to chemically cured GICs. The advantages include command cure, ease of handling, improved physical properties, and esthetics. Resin-modified glass ionomers have been marketed as direct restorative materials for Class V lesions as well as liners, bases, and luting agents. Several conditioning agents have been evaluated to condition dentin before the application of conventional glass ionomers and resin-modified glass ionomers. These have mainly included polyacrylic acid, citric acid, phosphoric acid, and ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid. Of late, manufactures have recommended other conditioners to replace polyacrylic acid which includes Ketac primer as one of the conditioning agents.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):604-612
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_631_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • An In vitro Comparison of pushout bond strength of resilon with MetaSEAL
           and AH plus sealers

    • Authors: Priyanka Sarangi, Rashmirekha Mallick, Sukanta Kumar Satapathy, Gaurav Sharma, Fathima Kouser, Satyajit Mohapatra
      Pages: 613 - 616
      Abstract: Priyanka Sarangi, Rashmirekha Mallick, Sukanta Kumar Satapathy, Gaurav Sharma, Fathima Kouser, Satyajit Mohapatra
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):613-616
      Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the pushout bond strengths of Resilon with two different sealers: Resilon/MetaSEAL (methacrylate based) and Resilon/AH Plus (an epoxy resin-based sealer). Materials and Methods: Forty single canal anterior teeth were decoronated at cementoenamel junction and standardized to 10 ± 1 mm length. Working length was determined followed by biomechanical preparation. Then, the specimens were randomly assigned into two groups of 20 teeth each based on the sealer used with Resilon. All canals were obturated using single-cone obturation technique. Root samples were prepared for pushout testing. The universal testing machine gave the debonding force for individual specimen. This was done for all the specimens. Statistical Analysis: This was done by using unpaired Student's t- test. Results: The roots filled with Resilon/MetaSEAL had higher bond strength (1.49 ± 0.09 MPa) compared to Resilon/AH Plus (0.90 ± 0.04 MPa) group. The difference in bond strength was statistically significant (P = 0.0000). Conclusion: Through this pushout bond strength test, it could be noted that MetaSEAL did appear to bond to the dentin and could be used as a potential endodontic sealer.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):613-616
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_666_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Modified angle&#39;s classification for primary dentition

    • Authors: Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
      Pages: 617 - 620
      Abstract: Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):617-620
      Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3–6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Majority 93.35% children were found to have bilateral Class i followed by 2.5% bilateral Class ii and 0.2% bilateral half cusp Class iii molar relationships as per the modified Angle's classification for primary dentition. About 3.75% children had various combinations of Class ii relationships and 0.2% children were having Class iii subdivision relationship. Conclusions: Modification of Angle's classification for application in primary dentition has been proposed. A cross-sectional investigation using new classification revealed various 6.25% Class ii and 0.4% Class iii molar relationships cases in preschool children population in a metropolitan city of Nagpur. Application of the modified Angle's classification to other population groups is warranted to validate its routine application in clinical pediatric dentistry.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):617-620
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_714_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Scanning electron microscopic evaluation of efficacy of 17%
           Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and chitosan for smear layer removal with
           ultrasonics: An In vitro study

    • Authors: Aradhana Babu Kamble, Sathish Abraham, Deepak Dadarao Kakde, C Shashidhar, Disha Lalit Mehta
      Pages: 621 - 626
      Abstract: Aradhana Babu Kamble, Sathish Abraham, Deepak Dadarao Kakde, C Shashidhar, Disha Lalit Mehta
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):621-626
      Introduction: The main aim of root canal treatment is cleaning, shaping and then obturating three dimensionally to prevent reinfection. This includes chemicomechanical cleansing by instrumentation and the use of irrigating solutions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the smear layer removal from root canal dentine subjected to two root canal irrigants, 17% EDTA and 0.2% Chitosan, a new irrigant using Scanning Electron Microscope. Methodology: 40 single rooted premolars were decoronated followed by instrumentation with I Race files and intermediate irrigation with 3% sodium hypochlorite and activation with ultrasonics. Then the samples were longitudinally sectioned and place in the respective test solutions and their controls for 5 minutes. Scanning Electron Microscopic evaluation was further carried out. Results: The results of the present study indicates that the Chitosan which was proved effective in removing smear layer. Conclusion: A moderate concentration of 0.2% chitosan removes the smear layer with greater efficiency.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):621-626
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_745_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Indirect sinus lift done using “Autogenous Core Lift”
           Technique in combination with alloplastic phosphosilicate putty in
           atrophic maxillary posterior region: A clinical report with 1-Year
           follow-up

    • Authors: Umesh Y Pai, Shobha Rodrigues, Puneeth Hegde, Nikita Khurana
      Pages: 627 - 631
      Abstract: Umesh Y Pai, Shobha Rodrigues, Puneeth Hegde, Nikita Khurana
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):627-631
      Pneumatization of the sinus is a common occurrence after extraction of maxillary posterior teeth. Implant procedures require a clinically acceptable level of bone to be present for implants to be placed in function. Residual bone with >4 mm of height can be managed using the indirect sinus lift procedure, whereas bone height <4 mm requires a direct sinus lift using lateral window approach. This clinical case report describes the use of autogenous core used to lift the membrane in conjunction with calcium phosphosilicate putty using minimal armamentarium, thereby avoiding the associated morbidity and complications associated with a direct sinus lift procedure.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):627-631
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_80_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • 18p deletion syndrome: Case report with clinical consideration and
           management

    • Authors: Megha Goyal, Mayuri Jain, Sachin Singhal, Kirty Nandimath
      Pages: 632 - 636
      Abstract: Megha Goyal, Mayuri Jain, Sachin Singhal, Kirty Nandimath
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):632-636
      18p deletion syndrome is characterized by the deletion of short arm of chromosome 18. Presentation of this syndrome is quite variable with dysmorphic features, growth deficiencies, and mental retardation with poor verbal performance. Few patients even fail to thrive when malformations involving the heart and brain are severe. In the present article, we report an isolated case of 18p deletion in a 23-year-old female who for the first time reported to the hospital for dental problems. The patient was short statured with mental retardation and craniofacial, skeletal, dental, and endocrinal abnormalities. Such presentation warrants prompt diagnosis for effective management. Furthermore, genetic counseling for such patients and their families should be considered as a part of treatment itself.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):632-636
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_129_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Toothpaste use protocol with dental bleaching for a conservative
           treatment: Case reports

    • Authors: Waldemir F. Vieira-Junior, Thayla H. N. Gouveia, Bruna G Silva, Vanessa C. P. S. Bueno, Fl&#225;vio H. B. Aguiar, D&#233;bora A. N. L. Lima
      Pages: 637 - 641
      Abstract: Waldemir F. Vieira-Junior, Thayla H. N. Gouveia, Bruna G Silva, Vanessa C. P. S. Bueno, Flávio H. B. Aguiar, Débora A. N. L. Lima
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):637-641
      In-office bleaching is a treatment based on products that contain hydrogen peroxide (HP) while demonstrating whitening effectiveness. HP could promote alterations to surface morphologies and properties of dental tissues. The objective was describe a toothpaste protocol associated to bleaching therapy to promote a safer approach. Patient 1 (male) and Patient 2 (female) were attended, and toothbrushing (twice a day) with a dentifrice containing bioactive glass (BG) (NovaMin™) and fluoride was indicated before and during the treatment. Three bleaching sessions were made in cases, at intervals of 7 days. The gels used were 35% HP (Patient 1) and 35% HP supplied with calcium (Patient 2). The effectiveness of bleaching treatment was observed in both cases (Vita scale), with an esthetic self-acceptance. Sensitivity associated with the procedure was not reported. The indication of BG-based toothpaste is relevant in relation to enamel properties and did not affect the whitening effectiveness of dental bleaching.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):637-641
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_192_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Tetanus: A report of two cases and review of literature – A
           continuing threat to the elderly in Japan

    • Authors: Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Masatoshi Sato, Tadaaki Kirita
      Pages: 642 - 644
      Abstract: Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Masatoshi Sato, Tadaaki Kirita
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):642-644
      Tetanus has become rare in industrialized countries, largely due to the effectiveness of immunization. However, the elderly are susceptible to tetanus because many have not received primary immunization; the incidence of tetanus in Japan is still 120 cases/year. The initial symptoms of tetanus, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. However, because of the disease's rarity, the clinician may be unfamiliar with the clinical presentation and may not suspect tetanus. We report two cases of elderly patients with generalized tetanus. Both patients presented trismus and/or dysphagia and consulted three different departments before the diagnosis of tetanus. Japanese clinicians will encounter tetanus more frequently than practitioners in other countries. Dental surgeons should be familiar with the clinical appearance of tetanus and should consider this disease in a nonimmunized patient presenting as an atypical case of trismus and dysphagia.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):642-644
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_259_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The So-called Garrè's osteomyelitis of jaws and the pivotal
           utility of computed tomography scan

    • Authors: Marco T&#250;llio Brazao-Silva, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro
      Pages: 645 - 646
      Abstract: Marco Túllio Brazao-Silva, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):645-646
      The present paper draw the attention of clinicians to investigate multiple slices of the computed tomography (CT) scan looking for a safe diagnosis of the so-called Garrè's osteomyelitis (GO) of jaws, a not uncommon disease characterized by astonishing bone growth. We report a case involving the left mandible of a 12-year-old girl presenting with a bony enlargement at left mandible. Initial examination revealed carious process of tooth 36 with radiographic apical rarefaction. However, we need to take care with this diagnosis because other aggressive diseases may cause bone enlargement mimicking GO. We observed here that careful examination of CT slices must be elucidative. In the present case, we observed the formation of a hypodense channel between periapical disease and the bone growth, through CT, thus supporting the pathophysiologic conditions for GO and allowing a safer decision to make the intervention restricted to tooth.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):645-646
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_304_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Surgical management of large radicular cyst associated with mandibular
           deciduous molar using platelet-rich fibrin augmentation: A rare case
           report

    • Authors: Vijaya S Dhote, Nilima R Thosar, Sudhindra M Baliga, Priyanti Dharnadhikari, Poonam Bhatiya, Punit Fulzele
      Pages: 647 - 649
      Abstract: Vijaya S Dhote, Nilima R Thosar, Sudhindra M Baliga, Priyanti Dharnadhikari, Poonam Bhatiya, Punit Fulzele
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):647-649
      Radicular cysts arising from deciduous teeth are rare and usually cause a large bony defect. Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an easily available healing biomaterial in oral surgical defect with the new perspective of accelerated healing of a large bony defect. The present case is of unusually large radicular associated with neglected carious mandibular deciduous second molar in 10-year-old girl and its surgical management with PRF augmentation as a healing biomaterial in the bony defect. One-year follow-up showed uneventful healing and eruption of succedaneous tooth. Healing was relatively faster and facilitated by PRF placement. Furthermore, the importance of anticipatory guidance about the treatment of diseased primary teeth and their preservation gets highlighted.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):647-649
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_370_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Fragile X Syndrome: A rare case report with unusual oral features

    • Authors: Prayas Ray, Arpanna Singh, Jayanta Kumar Dash, Prasanna Kumar Sahoo, Jitendra Kumar Dash
      Pages: 650 - 652
      Abstract: Prayas Ray, Arpanna Singh, Jayanta Kumar Dash, Prasanna Kumar Sahoo, Jitendra Kumar Dash
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):650-652
      Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a rare variant of special health-care need demonstrating delayed developmental milestones and associated with intellectual and emotional disabilities ranging from learning problem to mental retardation. The syndrome is usually not diagnosed until 8–9 years of age since the clinical manifestations of the syndrome are greatly attenuated in childhood. The physical characteristics such as facial features, hyperactivity, attention deficit, autistic behavior, and macroorchidism are quite evident in younger age group. The most typical orofacial characteristics associated with children suffering from FXS are mandibular prominence, ogival, and cleft palate. Till date, very few dental literatures have been reported regarding the association of FXS with orodental anomalies. Here, we report a rare case of 14-year-old boy suffering from FXS with typical orofacial characteristics, multiple supernumerary teeth, and dental caries.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):650-652
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_550_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Glandular odontogenic cyst: Case series

    • Authors: Gokhan Gurler, Humam Al-Ghamian, Nihan Aksakalli, Cagri Delilbasi
      Pages: 653 - 657
      Abstract: Gokhan Gurler, Humam Al-Ghamian, Nihan Aksakalli, Cagri Delilbasi
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):653-657
      Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon and aggressive jaw cyst with a high recurrence rate. It may grow into a large size. Diagnosis of the cyst is challenging since it may be confused with some other jaw cysts and malignancies. Treatment methods vary from conservative surgery to radical bone resection. In this case series, we briefly present five cases of GOC diagnosed and treated at our clinic. Thorough histopathological diagnosis and long-term follow-up are necessary in patients with GOC.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):653-657
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_554_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Orthodontic camouflage: A treatment option &#8211; A clinical case
           report

    • Authors: William Ubilla Mazzini, F&#225;tima Mazzini Torres
      Pages: 658 - 661
      Abstract: William Ubilla Mazzini, Fátima Mazzini Torres
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):658-661
      Orthodontic camouflage provides an alternative treatment for angle III malocclusion since patients with limited economic resources cannot opt for orthognathic surgery, it being clear that correction will be achieved at the dental level and not at the bone complex. Objective: To determine an alternative treatment for patients who do not have the possibility of having orthognathic surgery. Clinical case: A 13-year-old female patient, dolico facial biotype with slightly concave profile, with Class III Skeletal by mandibular prognathism, anterior crossbite, anterior diastema, and large mandibular body, molar class, and canine III. Alexander technique brackets were placed; premolar extraction was not planned. Once the case was completed, the correction of the anterior crossbite was achieved, thanks to the use of the spaces that existed at the beginning of the treatment and also that a correct distalization of canines and retraction of the lower anterior segment were performed.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):658-661
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_555_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Mucormycosis in a diabetic patient: A case report with an insight into its
           pathophysiology

    • Authors: Syeda Neelam Afroze, Rajani Korlepara, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Jayakiran Madala
      Pages: 662 - 666
      Abstract: Syeda Neelam Afroze, Rajani Korlepara, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Jayakiran Madala
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):662-666
      Mucormycosis is one of the most rapidly progressing and fulminant forms of fungal infection which usually begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses following inhalation of fungal spores. It is caused by organisms of the subphylum Mucormycotina, including genera as Absidia, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus. The incidence of mucormycosis is approximately 1.7 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants per year. Mucormycosis affecting the maxilla is rare because of rich blood vessel supply of maxillofacial areas although more virulent fungi such as Mucor can overcome this difficulty. The common form of this infection is seen in the rhinomaxillary region and in patients with immunocompromised state such as diabetes. Hence, early diagnosis of this potentially life-threatening disease and prompt treatment is of prime importance in reducing the mortality rate.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):662-666
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_558_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Localized gingival overgrowths: A report of six cases

    • Authors: Sohini Banerjee, TK Pal
      Pages: 667 - 671
      Abstract: Sohini Banerjee, TK Pal
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):667-671
      Localized gingival overgrowths are commonly encountered in our day-to-day clinical practice and often present a diagnostic dilemma to the clinicians. These lesions vary depending on the location, site, extent, histology, and/or etiopathology. Although most of the localized gingival enlargements represent the reactive lesion to plaque accumulation, the differential diagnosis ranges from peripheral fibroma to pyogenic granuloma to peripheral fibroma with ossification and/or calcification, peripheral giant cell granuloma, etc., Even the peripheral ameloblastoma may present clinically as a mere localized gingival enlargement. Therefore, proper histopathological diagnosis along with biopsy is necessary to effectively manage these lesions and to reduce their propensity for recurrence.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):667-671
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_624_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Treatment of a Class II malocclusion with deep overbite in an adult
           patient using intermaxillary elastics and spee curve controlling with
           reverse and accentuated archwires

    • Authors: Fabr&#237;cio Pinelli Valarelli, Ronaldo Carniel, Paula Patr&#237;cia Cotrin-Silva, Mayara Paim Patel, Rodrigo Hermont Can&#231;ado, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Marcos Roberto de Freitas
      Pages: 672 - 678
      Abstract: Fabrício Pinelli Valarelli, Ronaldo Carniel, Paula Patrícia Cotrin-Silva, Mayara Paim Patel, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Marcos Roberto de Freitas
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):672-678
      This paper aimed to describe the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient with the following characteristics: asymmetric Class II malocclusion, left subdivision, mandibular midline shifted to the left, mild mandibular anterior crowding, excessive overbite, 4-mm overjet, and a brachycephalic facial pattern. A 31-year-old male patient, treated with fixed preadjusted appliance with Roth prescription, with leveling and alignment NiTi archwire sequence. To correct the asymmetric Class II malocclusion, midline shift as well the overjet and overbite, intermaxillary elastics and accentuated and reversed stainless steel archwires were used, respectively. The posttreatment results showed a Class I molar relationship, as well the overjet and overbite correction. These results could be achieved due to a correct treatment plan and so to the patient cooperation.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):672-678
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_625_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Taking a glance at anterior crossbite in children: Case series

    • Authors: Derya Ceyhan, Canan Akdik
      Pages: 679 - 682
      Abstract: Derya Ceyhan, Canan Akdik
      Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):679-682
      Anterior crossbite is a malocclusion that takes place for various reasons, leads to major problems and may be fixed using various methods. This study aimed to provide an update regarding the methods used for anterior crossbite treatment presenting treatments of the removable active acrylic appliance with bite plane. Clinical examination of aged 9–15, seven healthy children who visited our clinic due to crowding and esthetic displeasure in anterior teeth indicated that one or more permanent maxillar incisor teeth were positioned behind of permanent mandibular incisor teeth. After clinical-radiographical examinations, removable active acrylic appliances with bite plane were decided to apply. Patients with adapted-activated appliances were called to follow-ups once a week. Treatments continued 4–6 weeks in mixed dentition, 7–8 weeks in permanent dentition. In choosing the method, advantages-disadvantages, indications-contraindications of methods should be discussed. Correct indication and suitable motivation are important for the success of anterior crossbite treatment.
      Citation: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2017 8(4):679-682
      PubDate: Tue,12 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_633_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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