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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Pharmacology
  [SJR: 0.347]   [H-I: 44]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0253-7613
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Changing trends in pharmacology…

    • Authors: Bikash Medhi
      Pages: 143 - 144
      Abstract: Bikash Medhi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):143-144

      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):143-144
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.208138
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Current advances in transdermal delivery of drugs for
           alzheimer's disease

    • Authors: Thuy Trang Nguyen, Vo Van Giau, Tuong Kha Vo
      Pages: 145 - 154
      Abstract: Thuy Trang Nguyen, Vo Van Giau, Tuong Kha Vo
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):145-154
      Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common, progressive, fatal neurodegenerative disorder, which will play an increasingly important role both socially and financially in the aging populations. Treatments for AD show modest improvements in cognition and global functioning among patients. Furthermore, the oral administration of treating AD has had some drawbacks that decrease the medication adherence and efficacy of the therapy. Transdermal drugs are proposed as an alternative remedy to overcome the disadvantages of current pharmaceutical dosage options for this chronic disorder. They could have different strengths, such as offering a stable diffusion of active substance, avoiding the first pass metabolism, and reducing system adverse reactions. This article reviews the technical principles, novel techniques of transdermal delivery drug, and prospects for future development for the management of cognitive and behavioral dysfunctions in AD patients.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):145-154
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.208143
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Trypsin inhibitors demonstrate antioxidant activities, inhibit A549 cell
           proliferation, and increase activities of reactive oxygen species
           scavenging enzymes

    • Authors: Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sadaf Fatima
      Pages: 155 - 160
      Abstract: Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sadaf Fatima
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):155-160
      OBJECTIVES: Protease inhibitors are one of the most promising and investigated subjects for their role in pharmacognostical and pharmacological studies. This study aimed to investigate antineoplastic and antioxidant activity of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) isolated from three plant sources and their inhibitory role in the cell line.MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: TIs were obtained from different plant sources. Antineoplastic potential on adenocarcinoma human alveolar basal epithelial cell line (A549) and normal Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) was determined using MTT assay. Activities of antioxidant enzyme, nitric oxide scavenger, superoxide dismutase, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione peroxidase were assessed in cell lines incubated with and without TIs. The outcome was analyzed by spectrophotometer.RESULTS: TIs showed the higher cytotoxicity on A549 cells as compared to normal HEK cell line. TIs exhibited fair increase in antioxidant enzyme activity in A549 cells as compared to control. This might be one of the strategies of antineoplastic effect in cancer cells.CONCLUSIONS: This study has reported the antioxidant and antineoplastic properties of these TIs for the first time in A549 cells (to the best of our knowledge). The results show that TIs possess ability to prevent cancer and diseases caused due to oxidative stress. Therefore, we conclude that TIs can be used as supplements along with the conventional drugs for increased efficacy in the treatment of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and cancer.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):155-160
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_553_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of karanjin on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid-induced colitis
           in Balb/c mice

    • Authors: Praful Prakash Patel, Naitikumar Devshankar Trivedi
      Pages: 161 - 167
      Abstract: Praful Prakash Patel, Naitikumar Devshankar Trivedi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):161-167
      OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the beneficial effect of karanjin for the treatment of experimental colitis.METHODS: Colitis was induced in the Balb/c mice by rectal administration of 2% solution of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) in 50% methanol. Karanjin (>98% pure) was administered in two different concentrations 100 and 200 mg/kg and sulfasalazine (100 mg/kg) as reference for 7 consecutive days to colitic mice. On the 8 day, mice were euthanized and degree of inflammation was assessed by macroscopic, microscopic, histology and biochemical estimation of myeloperoxidase (MPO), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and reduced glutathione (GSH) level were measured.RESULTS: Karanjin significantly and dose dependently ameliorate the macroscopic damage, histological changes such as cellular infiltration, tissue necrosis, mucosal and submucosal damage as compared to the TNBS control group. Karanjin reduces the activity of MPO, depressed MDA, and NO level and helps in restoring the level of CAT, SOD, and GSH to normal when compared to the TNBS colitis group.CONCLUSION: Result of the present study indicates that karanjin has the potential to cure colitis induced by intracolonic administration of TNBS.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):161-167
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_234_15
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effects of co-treatment with pioglitazone and methotrexate on
           experimentally induced rheumatoid arthritis in Wistar albino rats

    • Authors: Tanushree Roy, Indranil Banerjee, Saikat Ghosh, Ranjita Santra Dhali, Anuradha De Pati, Santanu Kumar Tripathi
      Pages: 168 - 175
      Abstract: Tanushree Roy, Indranil Banerjee, Saikat Ghosh, Ranjita Santra Dhali, Anuradha De Pati, Santanu Kumar Tripathi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):168-175
      OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the synovial joints of the body. Methotrexate (MTX) is considered as a mainstay in the management of RA. However, monotherapy with MTX in RA is often limited by potential long-term toxicity. The present study was conducted to evaluate if MTX-pioglitazone combination therapy has an add-on benefit over monotherapy with MTX or pioglitazone on disease activity in male Wistar rats in adjuvant-induced arthritis model.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Arthritis was induced by single subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in thirty male Wistar albino rats. They were then divided into five equal groups, which included two control groups (arthritic and nonarthritic), pioglitazone-treated (1.35 mg/kg daily), MTX-treated (0.225 mg/kg daily), and MTX + pioglitazone-treated. The disease-modifying action of the drugs was assessed by various physiological, hematological, and biochemical parameters along with histopathological and radiological analysis of affected joints. The experimental data were statistically assessed by one-way ANOVA.RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of disease activity in the MTX monotherapy group when compared with disease control. However, pioglitazone monotherapy group failed to demonstrate any significant effect on disease activity. The MTX-pioglitazone combination group demonstrated greater suppression of disease activity as compared to MTX and pioglitazone monotherapy and disease control group (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that the combination therapy of MTX with pioglitazone offers better control of disease activities in RA as compared to MTX or pioglitazone monotherapy.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):168-175
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_523_15
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Bioequivalence of generic and branded amoxicillin capsules in healthy
           human volunteers

    • Authors: Priyanka Pathak, Vijaya A Pandit, Priti P Dhande
      Pages: 176 - 181
      Abstract: Priyanka Pathak, Vijaya A Pandit, Priti P Dhande
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):176-181
      CONTEXT: The Medical Council of India urges doctors to prescribe generic drugs as far as possible. The Indian Medical Association had responded earlier saying that it requires guarantees on the quality of generic forms of drugs. Although no published scientific reports are available on the issue of therapeutic inequivalence, unconfirmed clinician accounts and newspaper reports of therapeutic inequivalence exist.AIM: This study was planned to ascertain whether bioequivalence of branded and generic amoxicillin capsule is comparable.SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An open-label, randomized, single-dose, two-treatment, two-sequence, two-period crossover oral bioequivalence study was conducted in 12 healthy, adult human subjects under fasting condition.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples, collected at 8 time points, were analyzed by a validated ultraviolet spectrophotometer method. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters such as area under the curve (AUC)0–t, AUC0–∞, Cmax, and Tmaxwere determined along with time above minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The log-transformed PK parameters (Cmax, AUC0–t, AUC0–∞) were analyzed using a Two One-Sided Test ANOVA in SAS for each parameter. Tmaxand MIC were analyzed by Wilcoxon rank-sum test in GraphPad Prism.RESULTS: Geometric mean ratio of Cmaxfell within bioequivalence criteria. The upper and lower confidence limits of both AUC0–tand AUC0–∞geometric mean ratio fell below bioequivalence criteria. Time above MIC of generic preparation was significantly lower than that of branded version.CONCLUSIONS: The generic capsule was not bioequivalent to the branded amoxicillin capsule.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):176-181
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_793_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Role of Elsholtzia communis in counteracting stress by modulating
           expression of hspa14, C/EBP homologous protein, nuclear factor
           (erythroid-derived 2)-like-2 factor, Caspase-3, and brain-derived
           neurotrophic factor in rat hippocampus

    • Authors: Chandana Choudhury Barua, Pompy Patowary, Arundhati Purkayastha, Prakash Haloi, Manab Jyoti Bordoloi
      Pages: 182 - 188
      Abstract: Chandana Choudhury Barua, Pompy Patowary, Arundhati Purkayastha, Prakash Haloi, Manab Jyoti Bordoloi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):182-188
      OBJECTIVE: Elsholtzia communis (Collett and Hemsl.) Diels has been widely distributed and is reported for many therapeutic effects. The present study aims to investigate the antistress activity of the leaf extract and its possible molecular mechanism.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hydroethanolic extract of leaves of E. communis (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) were administered for 7 days to stress-induced male Wistar rats. The experimental animals were divided into five groups (n = 6). The mRNA/protein profile of few stress responsive chaperones (hspa14), endoplasmic reticulum stress markers (C/EBP homologous protein [CHOP]), antioxidant regulating genes (nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like-2 factor [Nrf2]), apoptotic factors (Caspase-3) in rat hippocampus were studied by polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting.RESULTS: The stress-related genes such as hspa14, CHOP, antioxidant gene Nrf2, apoptotic gene Caspase-3 which were overexpressed in the stress control group were significantly suppressed following administration of the extract at both the doses and the standard drug Ginseng. Likewise, brain-derived neurotrophic factor which is closely related with stress, was downregulated in the stress control group, was found to be upregulated following treatment with the extract and the standard drug Ginseng.CONCLUSION: Our findings clearly indicate that E. communis was able to counteract stress. Hence, it has the potential to develop as adaptogen and also as a replacement/substitute of the popularly used drug, Ginseng or Ashwagandha, which is on the verge of extinction or becoming endemic due to overuse.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):182-188
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_339_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Availability of pediatric-evaluated formulations in Serbia

    • Authors: Bojana Bo&#382;i&#263;, Sanja Stupar, Du&#353;ko Stupar, Uro&#353; Babi&#263;, Milica Baj&#269;eti&#263;
      Pages: 189 - 193
      Abstract: Bojana Božić, Sanja Stupar, Duško Stupar, Uroš Babić, Milica Bajčetić
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):189-193
      OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the availability and coverage by health insurance reimbursement of pediatric formulations labeled for children up to the age of 12 in Serbia. To provide good insight in general availability of pediatric medicines, results were compared with the World Health Organization's (WHO) “Model List of Essential Medicines for Children” and with published evidence.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sources of information about medicines are the Summary of Product Characteristics, National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) Drug Lists, WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines for Children, and Serbia's official drug registry (2013).RESULTS: Out of total number of medicines in Serbia, only 49% (496) were available for children. Of all available drugs for children, 66% were with license and majority were parenteral formulation (57%), followed by drugs for local use (28%) and formulations for oral use (23%). The lowest availability of medicines was for children 0–27 days. From the total number of licensed medicines for children up to 12 years old, NHIF covers 64% of drugs. The availability of the WHO essential medicines for children in Serbia was 51%, from which 92% were licensed for pediatric use.CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated the alarming lack of pediatric suitable formulations in Serbia. Significant differences in the availability of drugs suitable for children exist worldwide. From global health point of view, the differences in the access to children formulations should, therefore, be of the highest priority.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):189-193
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_66_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • An evaluation of impact of educational interventions on the technique of
           use of metered-dose inhaler by patients

    • Authors: Avadhi Nirajkumar Purohit, PP Patel, AM Gandhi, MK Desai
      Pages: 194 - 200
      Abstract: Avadhi Nirajkumar Purohit, PP Patel, AM Gandhi, MK Desai
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):194-200
      OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of two educational interventions that are demonstration versus pictorial Leaflet in patients using metered-dose inhaler (MDI).MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional study was done in patients who were prescribed drugs through MDI at Tuberculosis and Chest Department. The patients were enrolled in Group A or Group B as per random number table method. The method of use of MDI was assessed using a checklist based on the technique described in the WHO Guide to good prescribing. Patients in Group A were taught the use of MDI by demonstration of the technique by the investigator. Patients in Group B were educated about the technique by a pictorial leaflet based on the technique. Patients were followed up after 15 days and assessed for correct technique for use of the MDI.RESULTS: A total 100 patients were included in the study and were allotted to Group A (47) and Group B (53). Ninety-five percent of the patients had been taught by the treating physician about the method of use of MDI. All the patients at the baseline placed the lips tightly around the mouthpiece and held the aerosol as indicated in the manufacturer's instructions while the step least followed was coughing up the sputum before inhalation. The average steps correctly followed by the patients in Group A and B at baseline were 5.17 ± 2.07 and 5.11 ± 2.04, respectively. These improved significantly to 9.19 ± 0.67 and 6.67 ± 0.63 in Group A and B, respectively, postintervention. The five essential steps of using MDI were followed by 25.53% and 26.41% patients preintervention. An improvement in the technique of use of MDI was observed in 85.11% and 49.06% patients (P = 0.003) postintervention. All the ten steps of the technique were followed by 34.04% patients from Group A and none from Group B at postintervention evaluation (P = 0.0001).CONCLUSION: The inhalation technique for the use of MDI used by the patients is inappropriate. Educational interventions such as demonstration or pictorial leaflet help ensure a better use of the MDI.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):194-200
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_608_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Prevalence of statin use among high-risk patients in urban and rural
           Vellore, Tamil Nadu: A population-based cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Anu Mary Oommen, Khushboo Nand, Vinod Joseph Abraham, Kuryan George, V Jacob Jose
      Pages: 201 - 204
      Abstract: Anu Mary Oommen, Khushboo Nand, Vinod Joseph Abraham, Kuryan George, V Jacob Jose
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):201-204
      OBJECTIVES: This study assessed statin use among diabetics and those with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Vellore, Tamil Nadu.METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in rural and urban Vellore, among 6196 participants (30–64 years), in 2010–2012. Statin use among those with known CHD and diabetes (on diabetic medication) was recorded. A randomly selected sample of rural diabetics was resurveyed in 2016 to reassess statin use.RESULTS: Among 61 with CHD, 23 (37.7%) were on statins. Statin use among 422 diabetics aged ≥40 years with low-density lipoprotein ≥70 mg/dl was 13.4% in urban and 7.6% among rural. Statin usage among rural diabetics aged ≥40 years increased from 7.7% in 2010–2012 to 16.6% in 2016.CONCLUSIONS: Statin use for CHD was below 50% although higher than the use among diabetics, indicating the need to address this low rate of usage among these high-risk groups.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):201-204
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_747_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Palmoplantar exfoliation due to chloroquine

    • Authors: Pragya Ashok Nair, Trusha Patel
      Pages: 205 - 207
      Abstract: Pragya Ashok Nair, Trusha Patel
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):205-207
      Chloroquine is the drug very frequently used for the treatment of malaria. It is also used in amebiasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and various dermatological conditions. Chloroquine can cause muscle problems, loss of appetite, and diarrhea as a side effect. Cutaneous toxicity includes pruritus, hair loss, photosensitivity, and color changes. Exfoliation of skin over palms and soles is caused by chemotherapeutic drugs such as axitinib, fluorouracil, idarubicin, doxorubicin, sunitinib, sorafenib, and paclitaxel. Here, a case of a 40-year-old female is presented who developed palmoplantar exfoliation with depigmentation after taking chloroquine. Although not life-threatening, this side effect of a commonly used drug may cause anxiety and functional impairment which in turn affects the quality of life of an individual.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):205-207
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_659_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Antibiotic resistance: Alternative approaches

    • Authors: Rajneesh Kumar Gaur
      Pages: 208 - 210
      Abstract: Rajneesh Kumar Gaur
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):208-210

      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):208-210
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_574_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Fact or fiction? What healthcare professionals need to know about
           pharmaceutical marketing in the European Union

    • Authors: Pathiyil Ravi Shankar
      Pages: 211 - 212
      Abstract: Pathiyil Ravi Shankar
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):211-212

      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):211-212
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_718_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Erratum: Evaluation of cytochrome P450 2C9 activity in normal, healthy,
           adult Western Indian population by both phenotyping and genotyping

    • Pages: 213 - 213
      Abstract:
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):213-213

      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(2):213-213
      PubDate: Fri,16 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.208149
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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