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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Pharmacology
  [SJR: 0.347]   [H-I: 44]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0253-7613
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Cosmetovigilance in India: Need of the day

    • Authors: Phulen Sarma, Harish Kumar, Bikash Medhi
      Pages: 341 - 343
      Abstract: Phulen Sarma, Harish Kumar, Bikash Medhi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):341-343

      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):341-343
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_45_18
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Incorporating problem based learning into medical curriculum: An
           experience from a medical college in Mangalore

    • Authors: Nithin Kumar, Tanuj Kanchan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla, Darshan Bhagwan, Yeshwanter Radhakrishnan
      Pages: 344 - 347
      Abstract: Nithin Kumar, Tanuj Kanchan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla, Darshan Bhagwan, Yeshwanter Radhakrishnan
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):344-347
      BACKGROUND: The Medical Council of India (MCI) has envisioned a change in the undergraduate medical curriculum by encouraging integrated teaching and Problem Based Learning (PBL).METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 110 medical teachers of Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore were assessed regarding their perception on PBL. Independent t-test was applied to find out the difference in the mean perception scores regarding PBL among the teachers in pre/para-clinical and clinical departments and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS: PBL as a teaching method was preferred by 65.2% medical teachers. The teachers from clinical departments (Mean 4.1, SD 0.8) perceived PBL sessions to be more effective than the traditional methods than those from the pre-clinical and para clinical departments (Mean 3.7, SD 3.7) and this difference was found to be statistically significant. (P=0.028).CONCLUSION: PBL can complement integrated teaching and motivates students towards self-learning, and apply the learnt concepts of basic specialties to clinical problem solving.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):344-347
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_492_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Telmisartan and esculetin combination ameliorates type 2 diabetic
           cardiomyopathy by reversal of H3, H2A, and H2B histone modifications

    • Authors: Almesh Kadakol, Vajir Malek, Santosh Kumar Goru, Anuradha Pandey, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
      Pages: 348 - 356
      Abstract: Almesh Kadakol, Vajir Malek, Santosh Kumar Goru, Anuradha Pandey, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):348-356
      OBJECTIVES: Although cardioprotective effects of telmisartan are well explored, its effects on epigenetic alterations associated with type 2 diabetic (T2D) cardiomyopathy remain unmapped. Thus, the present study was designed to evaluate the potential of esculetin and telmisartan combination to reverse histone posttranslational modifications (PTMs) in curbing T2D cardiomyopathy.MATERIALS AND METHODS: T2D was induced by high-fat diet feeding along with low dose of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg, I.P) in male Wistar rats. T2D rats were treated with either telmisartan (10 mg/kg/day, P.O) or esculetin (50 mg/kg/day doses, P.O) or their combination for 2 weeks. Biochemical estimations, vascular reactivity, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of the treatment in T2D cardiomyopathy.RESULTS: Esculetin and telmisartan combination alleviated the pathological features of T2D cardiomyopathy including metabolic perturbations, morphometric alterations, altered vascular reactivity, increased Keap1 and fibronectin expression more effectively than their respective monotherapy. This is the first report showing that telmisartan attenuates increased level of histone PTMs such as H3K9me2, H3K9Ac, H2AK119Ub, and H2BK120Ub in heart of T2D rats. The combination regimen showed a more significant reduction in augmented histone PTMs associated with T2D cardiomyopathy than their independent treatments.CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that esculetin and telmisartan combination can be an advanced pharmacological approach to ameliorate T2D cardiomyopathy which could be partially attributed to its ability to reverse the epigenetic alterations.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):348-356
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_710_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Effect of aluminum chloride on blood glucose level and lipid profile in
           normal, diabetic and treated diabetic rats

    • Authors: Venugopala Rao Konda, Madhavi Eerike, R Prasanth Chary, Ruckmani Arunachalam, Venkata Ramana Yeddula, Vinayak Meti, T Sobita Devi
      Pages: 357 - 365
      Abstract: Venugopala Rao Konda, Madhavi Eerike, R Prasanth Chary, Ruckmani Arunachalam, Venkata Ramana Yeddula, Vinayak Meti, T Sobita Devi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):357-365
      OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess evaluate the effects of aluminum chloride (AlCl3) on blood glucose and lipid levels in normal, diabetic, and glibenclamide-treated diabetic rats.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two male Wistar rats were divided into seven groups of six each. Group I was normal control, Groups II and III were given AlCl350 and 100 mg/kg, and Group IV to VII were administered with streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. Group IV was diabetic control, Group V in addition was given AlCl350 mg/kg, Group VI glibenclamide (10 mg/kg), and Group VII glibenclamide and AlCl3(50 mg/kg) per-oral daily for 28 days. Blood glucose and lipid levels were estimated at base line, after diabetes was set in and on the last day of study. Histopathological changes in pancreas, liver, and kidney were studied.RESULTS: No significant change was observed in blood glucose and lipid levels in Group I. Group II and III showed a dose-dependent significant increase in blood glucose was observed. Group V had a reduction in blood glucose but not to the nondiabetic level. Group VI had significant reduction in blood sugar. In Group VII, treated with glibenclamide and AlCl3, there was no significant change in blood glucose reduction compared to Group VI. Lipid levels were reduced in groups treated with AlCl3and glibenclamide and not in other groups. Gross tissue damage was seen in pancreas in STZ group and in liver and kidney in AlCl3groups.CONCLUSION: AlCl3administration in Wistar rats caused in significant hyperglycemia in normal rats, hypoglycemia in diabetic rats, and did not influenced hypoglycemic effect of glibenclamide and in addition, resulted in reduction in lipid levels.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):357-365
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_786_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Sitagliptin–Moringa oleifera coadministration did not delay the
           progression nor ameliorated functional and morphological anomalies in
           alloxan-induced diabetic nephropathy

    • Authors: Comfort Omoigemete Olurishe, Helen Ochuko Kwanashie, Abdulkadiri Umar Zezi, Nuhu Mohammed Danjuma, Bisalla Mohammed
      Pages: 366 - 373
      Abstract: Comfort Omoigemete Olurishe, Helen Ochuko Kwanashie, Abdulkadiri Umar Zezi, Nuhu Mohammed Danjuma, Bisalla Mohammed
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):366-373
      OBJECTIVE: Sitagliptin (ST) and Moringa oleifera (MO) Lam (Moringaceae) are used concomitantly by diabetic patients, with no study ascertaining for potential favorable or otherwise renal implications. We investigated the effect of coadministration of ST and MO leaf extract on functional and morphological biomarkers of alloxan-induced diabetic nephropathy (DN).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetes was induced with a single dose of 150 mg/kg of alloxan intraperitoneally. Seven groups of eight rats per group were used, with Groups I, II, and VII as normal (NS), diabetic control (DC), and postprandial controls. Groups III, IV, V, and VI were diabetic rats on ST, MO, ST and MO (SM), for 42 days with 2 weeks delayed treatment in a postprandial hyperglycemic group (PPSM), respectively. Serum urea, albumin, electrolyte levels, lipid profile, and kidney tropism were determined in addition to histological examinations.RESULTS: There was a significant increase (P < 0.05) in kidney tropism comparing all drug-treated groups and DC to normal rats. Significant increases in serum urea were observed (P = 0.02) in DC, MO-treated, and SM-treated rats compared to normal rats and also in serum triglyceride (P < 0.05) in MO-treated and SM-treated rats compared to controls and other drug-treated groups. A mild reduction in severity of pathologic lesions was observed (glomerulosclerosis Grade 1) in SM-treated rats compared to a marked necrosis in DC (Grade 3).CONCLUSION: The coadministration of ST–MO did not delay the progression of functional anomalies and renal injury nor ameliorated the lesions associated with chronic DN in Wistar rats.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):366-373
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_832_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of online reporting systems and their compatibility check with
           respective adverse drug reaction reporting forms

    • Authors: Vikas Maharshi, Pravesh Nagar
      Pages: 374 - 382
      Abstract: Vikas Maharshi, Pravesh Nagar
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):374-382
      AIM: Different forms and online tools are available in different countries for spontaneous reporting, one of the most widely used methods of pharmacovigilance. Capturing sufficient information and adequate compatibility of online systems with respective reporting form is highly desirable for appropriate reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). This study was aimed to compare three major online reporting systems (US, UK, and WHO) of the world and also to check their compatibility with the respective ADR reporting form.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 89 data elements to provide relevant information were found out from above three online reporting systems. All three online systems were compared regarding magnitude of information captured by each of them and scoring was done by providing a score of “1” to each element. Compatibility of ADR reporting forms of India (Red form), US (Form 3500), and UK (Yellow card form) was assessed by comparing the information gathered by them with that can be entered into their respective online reporting systems, namely, “VigiFlow,” “US online reporting,” and “Yellow card online reporting.” Each unmatching item was given a score of “−1”.RESULTS: VigiFlow scored “74” points, whereas online reporting systems of the US and UK scored “56” and “49,” respectively, regarding magnitude of the information gathered by them. Compatibility score was found to be “0,” “−9,” and “−26” in case of ADR reporting systems of US, UK, and India, respectively.CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that “VigiFlow” is capable of capturing the maximum amount of information but “Form 3500” and “Online reporting system of US” are maximally compatible to each other among ADR reporting systems of all three countries.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):374-382
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_733_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of clinical effectiveness and safety of newer nonsteroidal
           anti-inflammatory drugs in patients of osteoarthritis of knee joint: A
           randomized, prospective, open-label parallel-group study

    • Authors: Yashika Garg, Jatinder Singh, HS Sohal, Rajeshwari Gore, Arun Kumar
      Pages: 383 - 389
      Abstract: Yashika Garg, Jatinder Singh, HS Sohal, Rajeshwari Gore, Arun Kumar
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):383-389
      OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic progressive degenerative disease of weight-bearing joints and the leading cause of disability in elderly. Current medical management of OA is mostly palliative with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) being the mainstay of therapy. Reports of gastrointestinal adverse effects with traditional NSAIDs and cardiovascular adverse effects associated with selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have prompted the hunt for a better NSAID with no or minimal adverse effects. This study compares the clinical effectiveness and safety of newer NSAIDS etodolac and lornoxicam to diclofenac which has been a standard therapy in patients of OA of knee joint.MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study conducted in 90 patients of OA of knee joint diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria. After obtaining the informed consent, they were randomized in three groups of 30 patients each who received tablet etodolac 400 mg b.i.d, tablet lornoxicam 8 mg b.i.d, and tablet diclofenac sodium 50 mg t.i.d, respectively. The duration of the study was 12 weeks. Data were tabulated and analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, and level of significance was determined by its P value.RESULTS: After 12 weeks of treatment, pain intensity and functional indices in terms of visual analog scale and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis score were significantly better (P < 0.05) in lornoxicam group as compared to etodolac or diclofenac group along with lesser rate of adverse effects.CONCLUSION: It was concluded that lornoxicam was more effective and better tolerated NSAID than etodolac and diclofenac in treatment of knee joint OA.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):383-389
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_245_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Pediatric pharmacovigilance in an institute of national importance:
           Journey has just begun

    • Authors: Pramod Kumar Sharma, Arup Kumar Misra, Neeraj Gupta, Daisy Khera, Ajay Gupta, Pushpinder Khera
      Pages: 390 - 395
      Abstract: Pramod Kumar Sharma, Arup Kumar Misra, Neeraj Gupta, Daisy Khera, Ajay Gupta, Pushpinder Khera
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):390-395
      OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the nature and severity of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in pediatric patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted the data from all the available pediatric ADR forms submitted to ADR monitoring center (AMC) from May 2014 to December 2016. The data including nature, frequency, causality (World Health Organization [WHO] causality scale), and the severity (Hartwig and Siegel scale for severity) of ADR were extracted. We also assessed the preventability of the event on modified Schumock and Thornton scale of ADR preventability.RESULTS: There were a total of 20 pediatric ADRs reported during this period. Nearly two-thirds of the ADRs occurred in patients who were receiving multiple drugs (polytherapy). Antimicrobial agents were the most commonly implicated drugs. The most common ADRs were skin rash (maculopapular, erythematous, and urticaria, itching, etc.). The severity and preventability scales indicated that most reactions (18/20) were moderate in nature and all were preventable. Four reactions were “certainly” and ten ADRs were “probably” related to the suspected drug as determined by the WHO causality assessment.CONCLUSION: Frequency of ADR increased with number of medications patient was receiving. Health-care providers (HCPs) involved in the care of children must be aware of this fact and should use additional drugs when absolutely necessary. They should be involved in pharmacovigilance program by exchanging and updating each other through sharing constructive information, communication, and education concerning the appropriate use of drugs in children. Pediatric pharmacovigilance is the need of the hour and should be given utmost importance for monitoring the safety of drugs in children. Motivating HCPs for voluntary reporting of ADRs for preventing the morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable population could be of immense importance.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):390-395
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_256_17
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Fatal dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome with hypothyroidism and
           steroid-induced diabetes mellitus

    • Authors: Sarayu Pai, Renuka Munshi, Chitra Nayak
      Pages: 396 - 398
      Abstract: Sarayu Pai, Renuka Munshi, Chitra Nayak
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):396-398
      Dapsone has been part of the World Health Organization multidrug therapy for the treatment of leprosy. While it has been efficacious in the management of leprosy, there are many patients who develop adverse drug reactions to the drug including life-threatening reactions such as dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS). We report a case of a patient who was prescribed dapsone as part of multidrug therapy for leprosy following which she developed DHS. Her condition worsened after tapering the oral steroids given to manage the DHS, and she was detected to have hypothyroidism. She developed diabetes mellitus and succumbed to septic shock.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):396-398
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_764_16
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Magnesium valproate-induced pedal edema on chronic therapy: A rare adverse
           drug reaction

    • Authors: Himani Prajapati, Dinesh Kansal, Rajan Negi
      Pages: 399 - 400
      Abstract: Himani Prajapati, Dinesh Kansal, Rajan Negi
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):399-400
      Valproate-related pedal edema is usually regarded as a problem occurring after long-term administration of valproate. Valproate has been a drug of choice for the treatment of generalized or partial seizures as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy, bipolar disorder, for the prophylaxis of migraine headache in adults. This case report described patient-acquiring bilateral pedal edema after long-term use of magnesium valproate. Discontinuing valproate resulted in rapid improvement of the condition. This adverse reaction to the best of our knowledge is first reported a case of bilateral pedal edema cause by magnesium valproate in low dose. The dose of magnesium valproate was 1200 mg/day. No previous case as reported with the same dose.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):399-400
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_239_17
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Are your capsules vegetarian or nonvegetarian: An ethical and scientific
           justification

    • Authors: Ajay Prakash, Hariom Soni, Abhishek Mishra, Phulen Sarma
      Pages: 401 - 404
      Abstract: Ajay Prakash, Hariom Soni, Abhishek Mishra, Phulen Sarma
      Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):401-404
      Capsules are important component of day to day health management. But recently an issue came up whether the capsule you are using is of vegetarian or non-vegetarian origin. Capsule shell can be divided into vegetarian and non-vegetarian origin on the basis of their origin. Gelatin capsule shell are typically of animal origin and HPMC or starch based shells are of vegetarian origin. CDSCO received one proposal to replace all non veg capsule with capsule of vegetarian origin. CDSCO has invited comments from different stakeholders regarding this. So, in this editorial, we are addressing different issues lying behind veg and non-veg capsules and scientific justification of the same.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2017 49(5):401-404
      PubDate: Thu,8 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_409_17
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 5 (2018)
       
 
 
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