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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  [SJR: 0.307]   [H-I: 16]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0972-5229
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Bemiparin versus enoxaparin in the prevention of venous thromboembolism
           among intensive care unit patients

    • Authors: Mohamed Sayed Abbas
      Pages: 419 - 423
      Abstract: Mohamed Sayed Abbas
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):419-423
      Background: Critically ill patients are considered a high-risk group for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Due to their impaired cardiopulmonary reserve, these VTEs may result in significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we compared two types of low molecular weight heparin, enoxaparin, and bemiparin, as regards to their efficacy and safety in VTE prevention among Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized trial of 100 critically ill patients who are at high risk for developing VTE were included in this study and assigned to receive subcutaneous injections of either 3500 international units (IU) anti-factor Xa of bemiparin sodium or 40 mg of enoxaparin given once a day and patient were followed for 60 days after initiation of anticoagulant therapy for the development of documented deep venous thrombosis (DVT) using bilateral lower limb venous duplex, documented pulmonary embolism using computed tomography pulmonary angiography, and complications related to injectant anticoagulant. Results: Confirmed DVT was observed in two patients (4%) in the bemiparin group compared with 10 patients (20%) in the enoxaparin group with P < 0.05. Confirmed pulmonary embolism (PE) was observed in seven patients (14%) in the enoxaparin group with no recorded cases of confirmed PE in the bemiparin group (P < 0.05). No deaths were recorded in either group. Adverse events such as ecchymosis or hematoma at the injection site were observed in one patient (2%) in the bemiparin group and eight patients (16%) in the enoxaparin group (P < 0.05). There was no significant statistical difference between both groups as regards other adverse effects and complications related to the injectant anticoagulant. Conclusion: Bemiparin was superior to enoxaparin as a prophylactic anticoagulant for VTE in critically ill patients with less adverse local complications at the injection site. The study was registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov Registration ID: NCT02795065. Registered June 8, 2016.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):419-423
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_23_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Interleukin-6: An early predictive marker for severity of acute
           pancreatitis

    • Authors: Shilpa A Rao, Aditya R Kunte
      Pages: 424 - 428
      Abstract: Shilpa A Rao, Aditya R Kunte
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):424-428
      Background and Aims: Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, and C-reactive protein (CRP) have been evaluated for predicting outcomes of acute pancreatitis. However, there is considerable variation in their performance among different studies. We evaluate their accuracy in predicting progression to severe pancreatitis. Materials and Methods: Serum IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and CRP levels were measured within 24 h of admission in forty patients of clinically predicted severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Persistent organ failure (>48 h) defined SAP. The performance of inflammatory markers was evaluated in predicting the progression of pancreatitis. Results: IL-6 ≥28.90 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 62.86%, specificity of 80%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 95.65%, LR+ of 3.1429, LR− of 0.4643, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 6.7692; IL-8 ≥88.70 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 60%, specificity of 80%, PPV of 95.45%, LR+ of 3.000, LR− of 0.5000, and DOR of 6.000; IL-10 ≤5.70 pg/mL had DOR of 0.2647, sensitivity of 51.43%, specificity of 20%, PPV of 81.82%, LR+ of 0.6429, and LR− of 2.4286. CRP ≥110.00 mg/L had DOR of 2.3636, sensitivity of 37.14%, specificity of 80%, PPV of 92.86%, LR+ of 1.8571, and LR of 0.7857. Conclusions: IL-6 ≥28.90 pg/mL, measured within 48 h of onset is the best among the tested biomarkers in this study for predicting the progression to severe pancreatitis.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):424-428
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_478_16
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • A study on the psychometric properties of revised-nonverbal pain scale and
           original-nonverbal pain scale in Iranian nonverbal-ventilated patients

    • Authors: Hoda Chookalayi, Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Mohammad Hasanpour, Sajjad Jabrailzadeh, Fatemeh Sadeghpour
      Pages: 429 - 435
      Abstract: Hoda Chookalayi, Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Mohammad Hasanpour, Sajjad Jabrailzadeh, Fatemeh Sadeghpour
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):429-435
      Background and Aims: The nonverbal pain scale is one of the instruments which study pain in nonverbal-ventilated patients with regard to the changes of behavioral and physiological indices. The purpose of the study is to survey the psychometric properties of revised-nonverbal pain scale (R-NVPS) and original-nonverbal pain scale (O-NVPS) in ventilated patients hospitalized in critical care units. Materials and Methods: Four nurses studied pain in sixty patients hospitalized in trauma, medical, neurology, and surgical critical care units using R-NVPS and O-NVPS at six times (before, during, and after nociceptive and nonnociceptive procedures). The test was repeated in 37 patients after 8–12 h. Results: Cronbach's alpha coefficient for R-NVPS and O-NVPS was 0.8 and 0.76, respectively. The inter-rater correlation coefficient during different times was r = 0.89–0.96 for R-NVPS and r = 0.80–0.87 for O-NVPS. Test-retest correlation coefficient for R-NVPS and O-NVPS was r = 0.55–0.86 and r = 0.51–0.75, respectively. The meaningful difference in pain score between nociceptive and nonnociceptive procedures (P < 0.001) and a higher pain score in patients who confirmed pain (P < 0.001) showed a discriminant and criterion validity for both scales of NVPS, respectively. Conclusions: R-NVPS and O-NVPS can both be used as valid and reliable scales in studying pain in ventilated patient. However, in comparing the items, “respiration” (R-NVPS) had a higher sensitivity than “physiology II” (O-NVPS) in assessing pain.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):429-435
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_114_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Incidence, characteristics, and survival trend of cardiopulmonary
           resuscitation following in-hospital compared to out-of-hospital cardiac
           arrest in Northern Jordan

    • Authors: Liqaa A Raffee, Shaher M Samrah, Hani Najih Al Yousef, Mahmoud Abu Abeeleh, Khaled Z Alawneh
      Pages: 436 - 441
      Abstract: Liqaa A Raffee, Shaher M Samrah, Hani Najih Al Yousef, Mahmoud Abu Abeeleh, Khaled Z Alawneh
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):436-441
      Background: Cardiac arrest remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the cornerstone intervention to optimize the survival rates. Objectives: The main aim of this study was to determine and compare the incidence, characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of CPR in a referral university hospital following in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Northern Jordan. Patients and Methods: Retrospective observational study of adults referred to King Abdulla University Hospital who received CPR between January 2014 and January 2015. Data were obtained from the medical recorded of included patients. The primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with survival to discharge. Results: A total of 79 OHCA and 257 IHCA were included in the study. The overall survival rate for OHCA was 2.97%. The survival rate increased to 4.3% if CPR performed before arriving the hospital. Only 22% of the OHCA cases had CPR performed mainly due to lack of knowledge and skills of bystanders. The survival rate for IHCA was 14.88%. In this study, patient survival was not associated with age, smoking habit, diabetes mellitus, cancer status, hypertension, or heart failure. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the incidence and outcome of adult IHCA and OHCA in Jordan. The findings will serve as a benchmark to evaluate future impact of changes in service delivery, organization, and treatment for OHCA and IHCA. Furthermore, findings will urge the regulatory bodies to establish well-structured Emergency Medical Service system. Educational programs at the national level to improve public awareness of CPR intervention are crucial to improve survival rates.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):436-441
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • The effect of furosemide on the level of neutrophil gelatinase-associated
           lipocalin in critically hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury

    • Authors: Hadi Hamishehkar, Sarvin Sanaie, Vahid Fattahi, Mehran Mesgari, Ata Mahmoodpoor
      Pages: 442 - 447
      Abstract: Hadi Hamishehkar, Sarvin Sanaie, Vahid Fattahi, Mehran Mesgari, Ata Mahmoodpoor
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):442-447
      Background and Aims: Oliguric acute kidney injury (AKI), commonly attributed to a more severe degree of renal injury, is associated with poorer prognosis than nonoliguric form. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of furosemide therapy on kidney function and on the level of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in critically hospitalized patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 106 ICU patients with AKI were assigned into furosemide and control groups. In furosemide group, 40–80 mg of intravenous furosemide was administrated, followed by 1–5 mg/h furosemide infusion. In control group, patients received standard treatment. Serum and urinary NGAL were measured on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th days of the study. Results: The results of this study indicated that during the study, serum blood urea nitrogen levels of patients increased in both groups; this, however, was significant only in the control group (P = 0.009). Both plasma and urine NGAL decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in both groups. The findings of 28-day mortality follow-up revealed that 20% and 28% of patients died in the furosemide and the control groups, respectively. Conclusions: NGAL was not found to reflect any positive or negative effects of Furosemide in patients with AKI.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):442-447
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_93_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Intra- and inter-observer reliability of quadriceps muscle thickness
           measured with bedside ultrasonography by critical care physicians

    • Authors: Vijay Hadda, Gopi C Khilnani, Rohit Kumar, Ashesh Dhunguna, Saurabh Mittal, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
      Pages: 448 - 452
      Abstract: Vijay Hadda, Gopi C Khilnani, Rohit Kumar, Ashesh Dhunguna, Saurabh Mittal, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):448-452
      Background: Muscle wasting is common among critically ill patients with sepsis and has a significant effect on clinical outcome. However, appropriate tool for measurement of muscle loss is debatable. Ultrasonography (USG) has been used for objective assessment of quadriceps muscle thickness among these patients; however, there is limited data on its reliability. Aims and Objective: This study was aimed to assess the reliability of quadriceps muscle thickness as measured by critical care physicians. Methodology: This cross-sectional study included twenty patients with sepsis. Quadriceps muscle thickness was measured on right mid-thigh at a predefined point by two critical care fellows using bedside USG. Intra- and inter-observer reliability of the measurements was assessed by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: Hundred and twenty quadriceps muscle thickness measurements, three by each of the two critical care fellows, were done in twenty patients with sepsis. First, second, and third measurements (mean ± standard deviation) taken by the first observer (RK) were 35.030 ± 3.546 mm, 35.055 ± 3.307 mm, and 35.245 ± 3.027 mm, respectively. The three values recorded by the second observer (AD) were 35.585 ± 3.746 mm, 35.1 ± 3.006 mm, and 34.89 ± 2.556 mm, respectively. ICC for observer 1 and 2 was 0.925 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.851–0.967) and 0.835 (95% CI: 0.689–0.925), respectively. The mean difference of measurement between two observers was 0.082 mm (95% CI: −1.194–1.031). The mean ICC (95% CI) for inter-observer reliability was 0.992 (0.979–0.997); P < 0.001. Conclusions: This study shows that ultrasound is a reliable tool for the measurement of quadriceps muscle thickness by critical care physicians with excellent inter- and intra-class reliability.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):448-452
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_426_16
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Clinical features and outcomes of patients with posterior reversible
           encephalopathy syndrome

    • Authors: MS Kalaiselvan, MK Renuka, AS Arunkumar
      Pages: 453 - 456
      Abstract: MS Kalaiselvan, MK Renuka, AS Arunkumar
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):453-456
      Aims: The aim of this study was to study the clinical features and outcomes of patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Subjects and Methods: All adult patients admitted to our ICU with acute onset neurologic symptoms with focal vasogenic edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included in the study. Data were collected on demography, coexisting illness, admission severity of illness, neurological symptoms, blood pressure, treatment initiated, and MRI findings. Outcome data collected included mortality, ICU average length of stay (ALOS), number of ventilator days, and neurological disability at discharge assessed by modified Rankin scale (MRS). Results: Fourteen patients were admitted with PRES. Thirteen patients were female, and their mean age was 31.5 ± 8.3 years. Etiology of PRES included eclampsia (64.2%), lupus nephritis (21.4%), CKD (7.1%), and hypertension (n = 1 [7.1%]). The most common presenting symptom was seizure (92.8%), followed by visual disturbance (42.8%), headache (42.8%), encephalopathy (14.2%), and status epilepticus (14.2%). The Glasgow coma scale on admission was 12.3 ± 2.9. High blood pressure was seen in 12 patients 85.7%; their mean systolic and diastolic pressures were 173 ± 10.2 and 110 ± 8.6 mmHg, respectively. MRI showed that parieto-occipital region was most commonly involved (92.8%), followed by frontal lobe (42.8%). ICU ALOS was 4.35 ± 2.4 days and mean ventilator days was 1.7 ± 2.0 days. One patient (1/14 [7.4%]) died of multiorgan failure and 13 patients were discharged with no residual neurological deficit (MRS, 0). Conclusions: PRES is a potentially reversible disorder with prompt recognition and control of blood pressure.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):453-456
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_79_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Isolated renal mucormycosis in immunocompetent children: A report of two
           cases

    • Authors: Sai Saran, Kirti Naranje, Mohan Gurjar, Dharmendra Bhadauria, Anupama Kaul, Banani Poddar
      Pages: 457 - 459
      Abstract: Sai Saran, Kirti Naranje, Mohan Gurjar, Dharmendra Bhadauria, Anupama Kaul, Banani Poddar
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):457-459
      Isolated renal mucormycosis is a rare entity in children. It is potentially fatal when not detected and managed early with antifungal therapy, and surgery as and when needed. We present two immunocompetent children who developed this infection and subsequently succumbed to it. The diagnosis was established postmortem on renal biopsy specimens. We also discuss the 9 cases of isolated renal involvement in children published in literature.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):457-459
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_184_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Uncommon presentation of an unusual foreign body

    • Authors: Jayalaxmi S Aihole, Pragalath Kumar
      Pages: 460 - 462
      Abstract: Jayalaxmi S Aihole, Pragalath Kumar
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):460-462
      Esophageal foreign bodies (FBs) are common and can be the serious cause of morbidity and mortality in children. One-third of FBs, retained in the gastrointestinal tract, are found in the esophagus. Their management depends on the anatomical location, shape, size, and the duration of impaction. In children, unwitnessed esophageal FBs can present with respiratory symptoms such as stridor. Therefore, a high index of suspicion is generally required to avoid significant morbidity and mortality. We are reporting an unusual FB with unusual symptoms in a 2-year-old female child.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):460-462
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_436_16
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Ultrasound guidance for central venous catheterization: A step further to
           prevent malposition of central venous catheter before radiographic
           confirmation

    • Authors: Devinder Midha, Vipal Chawla, Arun Kumar, Amit Kumar Mandal
      Pages: 463 - 465
      Abstract: Devinder Midha, Vipal Chawla, Arun Kumar, Amit Kumar Mandal
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):463-465
      Ultrasound (USG) guidance has long been used for guiding central venous catheterization. USG provides direct visualization of needle puncture through the skin into the vein. Most of the time USG guidance is just limited to puncturing of the vein and seeing guidewire entering the vein while malpositioning of catheter occurs after that which is seen later on while checking chest radiograph. Repositioning of catheter after that becomes not only difficult requiring repeated chest radiograph to reconfirm position of catheter but also increases chances of infection with repeated manipulations. USG guidance can be used for tracing both guidewire and catheter during the procedure to prevent malpositioning of catheter, thus when done at the right time can prevent complication related to malpositioning and repeated manipulations. We used linear USG probe to check malposition of guidewire and microconvex probe to confirm position of central venous catheter.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):463-465
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_61_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • A rare case of Strongyloides hyperinfection from hypogammaglobulinemia

    • Authors: Paidi Ramakrishna Reddy, Sujith M Thomas, A Rajalakshmi, Deepak Vijayan, Muraleedharan Raman
      Pages: 466 - 468
      Abstract: Paidi Ramakrishna Reddy, Sujith M Thomas, A Rajalakshmi, Deepak Vijayan, Muraleedharan Raman
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):466-468
      Strongyloides infection can range from asymptomatic eosinophilia to disseminated disease. Common in tropical and subtropical nations, it can lead to hyperinfection, an autoinfection increasing parasitic burden in immunocompromised. Cell-mediated immunity is important in combating parasite infection. We present a case of Strongyloides hyperinfection in hypogammaglobulinemia which was refractory to conventional treatment but responded to immunoglobulin administration with complete resolution indicating role of humoral immunity also.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):466-468
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_139_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment approach in the patient
           with pulmonary fibrosis in critical care outpatient department

    • Authors: Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Narkeesh Arumugam, Subhasish Chatterjee, Sorabh Sharma
      Pages: 469 - 472
      Abstract: Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Narkeesh Arumugam, Subhasish Chatterjee, Sorabh Sharma
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):469-472
      The purpose of the present case study was to explore the efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patient with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in the critical care outpatient department. Here, we present a 48-year-old male case with breathlessness, increased frequency of defecation, and pain in and around the nape of neck with diagnosed pulmonary fibrosis. He scored 3 on a patient-reported modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale. Osteopathic examination reveals multiple somatic findings across the chest and abdominal region and treated by OMT. Pre- and post-intervention changes were assessed by the 13-item shortness of breath with daily activities (13iSOBDA). 27.2, 22, 16.4, and 11.8 were noted at the end of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th week of intervention, respectively, on 13iSOBDA while mMRC decreased from 3 to 1. OMT may be a feasible option in decreasing the symptoms of the PPF in the critical care outpatient department.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):469-472
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.210648
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Cardiac herniation with torsion after right pneumonectomy

    • Authors: Wolfram Schummer
      Pages: 473 - 474
      Abstract: Wolfram Schummer
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):473-474

      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):473-474
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_60_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Is edaravone the future of free radical scavenging in inflammatory
           states?

    • Authors: Abhijit S Nair
      Pages: 475 - 476
      Abstract: Abhijit S Nair
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):475-476

      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):475-476
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_204_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Hypothermia in organophosphate compound poisoning: Recognizing the big
           chill

    • Authors: Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Nanjundan Karthikeyan, Ritesh G Menezes, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian
      Pages: 476 - 477
      Abstract: Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Nanjundan Karthikeyan, Ritesh G Menezes, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):476-477

      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2017 21(7):476-477
      PubDate: Fri,14 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_190_17
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 7 (2017)
       
 
 
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