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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Thoracic Medicine
  [SJR: 0.388]   [H-I: 19]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1817-1737
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: More than meets the eye

    • Authors: Umur Hatipoglu
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Umur Hatipoglu
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):1-6
      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem which had not received the attention commensurate with the magnitude of its global burden. This is finally changing with the help of a vibrant community of health-care professionals, public officials, and academic researchers. Advances in characterization of the disease, treatment options, imaging modalities, and better understanding of the comorbidities promise to revolutionize how the disease is managed. COPD should no longer augur despair among physicians and patients.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):1-6
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_193_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • An underestimated cause of chronic cough: The protracted bacterial
           bronchitis

    • Authors: Paola Di Filippo, Alessandra Scaparrotta, Marianna Immacolata Petrosino, Marina Attanasi, Sabrina Di Pillo, Francesco Chiarelli, Angelika Mohn
      Pages: 7 - 13
      Abstract: Paola Di Filippo, Alessandra Scaparrotta, Marianna Immacolata Petrosino, Marina Attanasi, Sabrina Di Pillo, Francesco Chiarelli, Angelika Mohn
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):7-13
      Chronic cough in childhood is associated with a high morbidity and decreased quality of life. Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) seems to be the second most common cause of chronic cough in children under 6 years of age. Its main clinical feature is represented by wet cough that worsens when changing posture and improves after the introduction of antibiotics. Currently, the mainstay of PBB treatment is a 2-week therapy with a high dose of antibiotics, such as co-amoxiclav, to eradicate the infection and restore epithelial integrity. It is very important to contemplate this disease in a child with chronic cough since the misdiagnosis of PBB could lead to complications such as bronchiectasis. Clinicians, however, often do not consider this disease in the differential diagnosis and, consequently, they are inclined to change the antibiotic therapy rather than to extend it or to add steroids. Data sources of this review include PubMed up to December 2016, using the search terms “child,” “chronic cough,” and “protracted bacterial bronchitis.”
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):7-13
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cardio-autonomic functions and sleep indices before and after coronary
           artery bypass surgery

    • Authors: Khamis Mohammed Al-Hashmi, Mohammed A Al-Abri, Deepali S Jaju, Mirdavron Mukaddirov, Abdulnasir Hossen, Mohammed O Hassan, Mostafa Mesbah, Hilal Ali Al-Sabti
      Pages: 14 - 21
      Abstract: Khamis Mohammed Al-Hashmi, Mohammed A Al-Abri, Deepali S Jaju, Mirdavron Mukaddirov, Abdulnasir Hossen, Mohammed O Hassan, Mostafa Mesbah, Hilal Ali Al-Sabti
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):14-21
      BACKGROUND: Earlier studies showed a short-term impairment of cardio-autonomic functions following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). There is a lack of consistency in the time of recovery from this impairment. Studies have attributed the post-CABG atrial fibrillation to preexisting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without an objective sleep assessment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CABG on cardio-autonomic and hemodynamic functions and on OSA indices in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD).METHODS: Cardio-autonomic function using heart rate variability indices, hemodynamic parameters, and sleep studies were performed in 26 patients with stable IHD before, on day-6, and day-30 post-CABG surgery.RESULTS: The high-frequency powers of normalized R-R intervals significantly (P = 0.002) increased from the preoperative value of 46.09 to 66.52 on day-6 and remained unchanged on day-30 postsurgery. In contrary, the low-frequency powers of normalized R-R interval decreased from 53.91 to 33.48 during the same period (P = 0.002) and remained unchanged on day 30 postsurgery. Baroreceptor sensitivity, obstructive and central apnea indices, desaturation index, and lowest O2 saturation were not significantly different between preoperative, day-6, and day-30 postsurgery. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that recovery of autonomic functions following CABG occurs as early as 30 days of postsurgery. CABG does not seem to have short-term effects on sleep study indices. However, long-term effects need further evaluation.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):14-21
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_226_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Graphic warnings and text warning labels on cigarette packages in Riyadh
           Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Awareness and perceptions

    • Authors: Hoda Jradi, Basema Saddik
      Pages: 22 - 29
      Abstract: Hoda Jradi, Basema Saddik
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):22-29
      BACKGROUND: Graphic warning labels have been shown to be effective in smoking initiation and cessation and were implemented in Saudi Arabia in 2012. To date, no study has assessed the effectiveness of these labels and the Saudi population's perceptions on the effectiveness of cigarette health warning labels.METHODS: We used a cross-sectional qualitative study comprising of nine focus groups among 3 different community group members including health-care workers, adult women and adult men. We conducted in-depth interviews among community leaders. Both focus groups and interviews assessed awareness levels and elicited perceptions about health warning labels on cigarette boxes currently used in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.RESULTS: While most participants in the study were aware and supported the use of graphic warning labels on cigarette packages, the awareness of the specific details on the labels was low. Participants perceived the effectiveness of current labels somewhat vague in smoking cessation and advocated for stronger and more aggressive graphics. Community leaders, however, preferred text-only labels and did not support aggressive labels which were deemed culturally and religiously inappropriate.CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that while graphic warning labels are perceived as necessary on cigarette packages the currently used messages are not clear and therefore do not serve their intended purposes. Measures should be undertaken to ensure that pictorial cigarette labels used in Saudi Arabia are culturally and ethnically appropriate and are rotated on a regular basis to ensure salience among smokers and nonsmokers alike.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):22-29
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_45_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma in Singapore

    • Authors: Chee Kiang Tay, Yang Chong Chua, Angela Takano, Madeline Yen Min Chee, Wan-Teck Lim, Cindy Lim, Mariko Siyue Koh
      Pages: 30 - 35
      Abstract: Chee Kiang Tay, Yang Chong Chua, Angela Takano, Madeline Yen Min Chee, Wan-Teck Lim, Cindy Lim, Mariko Siyue Koh
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):30-35
      BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (PPLELC) is a rare subtype of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) predominantly reported in East Asia. We aimed to evaluate clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of PPLELC in Singapore.METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with PPLELC at our center between 2000 and 2014.RESULTS: All 28 patients were Chinese, 67.9% were female, and the median age was 58 years (range37–76 years). Majority (89.3%) were never smokers and 53.6% asymptomatic at diagnosis. About 28.6% presented with Stage I/II disease, 25% had Stage III disease, and 46.4% had Stage IV disease. All patients with Stage I/II disease underwent lobectomy without adjuvant treatment. Four out of 7 patients with Stage III disease underwent surgery with or without adjuvant therapy while the rest received chemoradiation. Twelve out of 13 patients with Stage IV disease received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy. At the end of 2016, survival data were available for all 28 patients. Two-year survival rates for Stage I/II, Stage III, and Stage IV disease were 100%, 85.7%, and 61.5%, respectively, while survival was 100%, 85.7%, and 9.6%, respectively, at five years.CONCLUSION: The majority (46.4%) of patients presented with metastatic disease. For those with Stage I-III disease, 5-year survival for PPLELC was better than other NSCLC subtypes. Multimodality treatment including surgery could be considered in locally advanced disease. In Stage IV disease, it tended to approximate that of NSCLC.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):30-35
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_304_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Admission predictability of children with acute asthma

    • Authors: Maan Alherbish, Khalid F Mobaireek, Abdullah A Alangari
      Pages: 36 - 41
      Abstract: Maan Alherbish, Khalid F Mobaireek, Abdullah A Alangari
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):36-41
      OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the seasonal variations of acute asthma presentation in children and the utility of the pediatric asthma score (PAS) and its components in early admission prediction.METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial addressing the clinical efficacy of budesonide nebulization in the treatment of acute asthma in children, the PAS was measured at baseline, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th h from the start of medications. Decision of admission was taken at or beyond the 2nd h.RESULTS: Out of a total 906 emergency department (ED) visits with moderate-to-severe acute asthma, 157 children were admitted. June to September had the lowest number of visits. The admission-to-discharge ratio varied throughout the year. During the ED stay, between baseline and 3rd h, admission predictability of the total score improved progressively with a small difference between the 2nd and 3rd h. The total score remained the strongest predictor of admission at every time point compared to its individual components. The drop of PAS from baseline to the 2nd h was not a good predictor of admission. Oxygen saturation (OS) and respiratory rate (RR) had relatively higher predictability than other components.CONCLUSIONS: Decision of admission could be made to many children with moderate-to-severe acute asthma at the 2nd h of ED stay based on their total PAS. OS and RR should be part of any scoring system to evaluate acute asthma in children.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):36-41
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_197_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of positional and rapid eye movement-dependent sleep apnea
           syndromes

    • Authors: Fatih Uzer, Asli Bostanci Toptas, Ummuhan Okur, Selen Bozkurt, Ebru Dogrul, Murat Turhan, Aykut Cilli
      Pages: 42 - 47
      Abstract: Fatih Uzer, Asli Bostanci Toptas, Ummuhan Okur, Selen Bozkurt, Ebru Dogrul, Murat Turhan, Aykut Cilli
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):42-47
      AIM: We aimed to compare the clinical, epidemiological, and polysomnographic features of rapid eye movement (REM)-dependent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and positional OSAS which are two separate clinical entities.METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, at the Akdeniz University Medical Faculty Hospital, patients who were diagnosed REM-dependent and positional OSAS with polysomnography were retrospectively studied.RESULTS: In this study, 1727 patients were screened consecutively. Five hundred and eighty-four patients were included in the study. Of the patients, 24.6% (140) were diagnosed with REM-dependent OSAS and 75.4% (444) were diagnosed as positional OSAS. Female predominance was found in REM-dependent OSAS (P < 0.001). The mean total apnea–hypopnea index (AHI), non-REM AHI, and supine AHI in REM-dependent OSAS were 14.73, 9.24, and 17.73, respectively, and these values were significantly lower when compared with positional OSAS (P < 0.001). Patients diagnosed with REM-dependent OSAS had a statistically significant tendency to be overweight (P < 0.001). For REM-dependent OSAS, total pulse rate, supine pulse rate, and REM pulse rate were statistically higher than positional OSAS (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: Positional OSAS is a clinical entity that is more common than REM-dependent OSAS. OSAS severity is higher in positional OSAS than REM-dependent OSAS. REM-dependent OSAS is observed more commonly in women.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):42-47
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_184_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effects of diurnal intermittent fasting on the wake-promoting
           neurotransmitter orexin-A

    • Authors: Aljohara S Almeneessier, Mohammed Alzoghaibi, Abdulrahman A BaHammam, Mahmoud G Ibrahim, Awad H Olaish, Samar Z Nashwan, Ahmed S BaHammam
      Pages: 48 - 54
      Abstract: Aljohara S Almeneessier, Mohammed Alzoghaibi, Abdulrahman A BaHammam, Mahmoud G Ibrahim, Awad H Olaish, Samar Z Nashwan, Ahmed S BaHammam
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):48-54
      BACKGROUND: Food restriction has been demonstrated to increase the alertness in different species and to increase the levels of the wake-promoting neurotransmitter orexin. We hypothesized that diurnal intermittent fasting (DIF) increases orexin-A levels during fasting. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the effects of DIF, during the month of Ramadan, on orexin, while controlling for lifestyle changes that may accompany Ramadan such as sleep duration, bedtime and wake time, energy expenditure, light exposure, and food.METHODS: Eight young healthy volunteers (mean age, 25.4 ± 3.5 years) reported to the laboratory on three occasions: (1) 4 weeks before Ramadan while performing DIF for 1 week outside the month of Ramadan (fasting outside Ramadan); (2) 1 week before Ramadan (nonfasting baseline) (BL); and (3) during the 2nd week of Ramadan while performing DIF (Ramadan). Plasma levels of orexin-A were measured using an enzyme immunoassay five times at 22:00, 02:00, 04:00, 06:00, and 11:00. Caloric intake, light exposure, and sleep schedule were maintained during the participants' stays in the laboratory in the three study periods.RESULTS: Orexin-A levels increased in the daytime during fasting and decreased at night compared to BL. The differences in orexin-A levels between DIF and BL were significant at 06:00, 11:00, 22:00, and 02:00.CONCLUSIONS: DIF increases orexin-A levels in the plasma during fasting hours. This finding supports findings from animal studies showing that fasting increases alertness.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):48-54
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_181_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Deciphering a case of pulmonary hypertension in a young female: Partial
           anomalous pulmonary venous drainage the culprit

    • Authors: Hiten R Patel, Suchit Bhutani, Fayez Shamoon, Hartaj Virk
      Pages: 55 - 58
      Abstract: Hiten R Patel, Suchit Bhutani, Fayez Shamoon, Hartaj Virk
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):55-58
      Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) is a rare congenital cardiac defect and is associated with sinus venosus atrial septal defect. While most cases are asymptomatic, a patient can present with pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) and it can be difficult to diagnose. Here, we discuss the case of a young female with PHTN who was found to have two right-sided PAPVD. Through this case, authors try to emphasize the importance of meticulous and thorough investigation when evaluating PHTN, which allows for correct diagnosis and a timely intervention before PHTN becomes irreversible.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):55-58
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_148_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Description of a new rare alpha-1 antitrypsin mutation in Naples (Italy):
           PI&#42;M S-Napoli

    • Authors: Marco Mosella, Mariasofia Accardo, Antonio Molino, Mauro Maniscalco, Alessandro Sanduzzi Zamparelli
      Pages: 59 - 61
      Abstract: Marco Mosella, Mariasofia Accardo, Antonio Molino, Mauro Maniscalco, Alessandro Sanduzzi Zamparelli
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):59-61
      Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a rare and often underdiagnosed hereditary disorder, which mainly affects the Caucasian population. We report a case of a noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis patient in the absence of emphysema associated with low serum alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) level, in the absence of the most common defective alleles associated with AAT deficiency (PI*S and PI*Z) but with a new mutation in heterozygosis. This mutation is characterized by the substitution in the coding region of exon 3, of a guanine (G) for a thymine (T), generating the replacement of a glutamine (Gln) by a histidine (His) in codon 212 (cod 212 GlnCAG > HisCAT), corresponds to a new S allelic variant. This mutation, never identified before, is called S-Napoli.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):59-61
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_234_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Consultation time for the pulmonary patient

    • Authors: Abdullah Mobeireek
      Pages: 62 - 62
      Abstract: Abdullah Mobeireek
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):62-62

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):62-62
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_265_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pulmonary consequences of hypothyroidism

    • Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Pages: 62 - 63
      Abstract: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):62-63

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):62-63
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_276_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Duration of antibiotic therapy for critically ill patients with
           bloodstream infections: A retrospective observational in Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Eman Alqasim, Sameera Aljohani, Majid Alshamrani, Nick Daneman, Robert Fowler, Yaseen Arabi
      Pages: 63 - 65
      Abstract: Eman Alqasim, Sameera Aljohani, Majid Alshamrani, Nick Daneman, Robert Fowler, Yaseen Arabi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):63-65

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(1):63-65
      PubDate: Thu,4 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_236_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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