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Journal Cover Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
  [SJR: 0.383]   [H-I: 19]   [1 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2005-2901
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3123 journals]
  • Effectiveness of Acupuncture Therapy on Stress in a Large Urban College

    • Authors: Stefanie Schroeder; James Burnis; Antony Denton; Aaron Krasnow; T.S. Raghu; Kimberly Mathis
      Pages: 165 - 170
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 3
      Author(s): Stefanie Schroeder, James Burnis, Antony Denton, Aaron Krasnow, T.S. Raghu, Kimberly Mathis
      This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial to study the effectiveness of acupuncture on the perception of stress in patients who study or work on a large, urban college campus. The hypothesis was that verum acupuncture would demonstrate a significant positive impact on perceived stress as compared to sham acupuncture. This study included 111 participants with high self-reported stress levels who either studied or worked at a large, urban public university in the southwestern United States. However, only 62 participants completed the study. The participants were randomized into a verum acupuncture or sham acupuncture group. Both the groups received treatment once a week for 12 weeks. The Cohen's global measure of perceived stress scale (PSS-14) was completed by each participant prior to treatment, at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks, and 6 weeks and 12 weeks post-treatment completion. While participants of both the groups showed a substantial initial decrease in perceived stress scores, at 12 weeks post treatment, the verum acupuncture group showed a significantly greater treatment effect than the sham acupuncture group. This study indicates that acupuncture may be successful in decreasing the perception of stress in students and staff at a large urban university, and this effect persists for at least 3 months after the completion of treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T11:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.01.002
  • The acupuncture therapeutic approach in temporal arteritis vasculitis: A
           case report

    • Authors: Sezgin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yılmaz Sezgin
      Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis that involves the large and medium-diameter arteries and leads to progressive headache. Symptoms may be accompanied by vision disorder, subfebrile temperature, fatigue, lack of appetite, weight loss, sweating and joint pains. While cortisone therapy reduces the symptoms, its effects in terms of improving quality of life are limited. We elected to benefit from the effects of acupuncture in order to reduce symptoms and increase quality of life in a case of temporal arteritis, a chronic disease. A 75-year-old woman presented with pain on both sides of the head. The pain occurred in the form of agonizing attacks 2-3 times a week. Accompanying neck pain was present, together with continuous lethargy and fatigue. Physical examination revealed decreased cutaneous elasticity and muscle mass, and a depressive mood state was present. The patient was first administered six sessions of acupuncture therapy directed toward the migraine etiology. When no response was achieved, we investigated temporal and parietal region points associated with headache in the literature. Points GB1,8,18, ST8, SI19 and BL8 were added to the treatment. A decrease in the pain attacks and their frequency occurred following acupuncture therapy. In conclusion, while cortisone is the first preference in the treatment of temporal arteritis, we think that acupuncture aimed at the cause of accompanying symptoms can also be useful.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • The Effect of Auricular and Systemic Acupuncture on the Electromyographic
           Activity of the Trapezius Muscle with Trigger Points—A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Patrícia Silva de Camargo; Carla Rigo Lima; Maria Luiza de Andrade E Rezende; Adriana Teresa Silva; João Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez; Andréia Maria Silva
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Patrícia Silva de Camargo, Carla Rigo Lima, Maria Luiza de Andrade E Rezende, Adriana Teresa Silva, João Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez, Andréia Maria Silva

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.003
  • Patterns of Energy Imbalance of the Meridians in Patients with
           Temporomandibular Dysfunction

    • Authors: Vera L. Rasera Zotelli; Cássia M. Grillo; Maria L. Bressiani Gil; Ronaldo S. Wada; Jorge E. Sato; Maria da Luz R. de Sousa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Vera L. Rasera Zotelli, Cássia M. Grillo, Maria L. Bressiani Gil, Ronaldo S. Wada, Jorge E. Sato, Maria da Luz R. de Sousa
      Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is a set of changes that affects the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joint, teeth, and associated periodontal and orofacial structures. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the imbalance of energy (Qi) circulating in the acupuncture meridians is always the primary etiologic cause of any physical manifestation. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of Qi imbalance in patients with TMD by means of an objective measurement. The clinical study was conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. We evaluated 40 adult volunteers with TMD. The Qi measurement was carried out by the researcher using the Ryodoraku method using 24 points representing the 12 acupuncture meridians: LU9 (Taiyuan), PC7 (Daling), HT7 (Shemen), SI5 (Yanggu), TE4 (Yangchi), LI5 (Yangxi), SP3 (Taibai), LR3 (Taichong), KI3 (Taixi), BL64 (Jinggu), GB40 (Qiuxu), and ST42 (Chongyang). The average total Qi of 40 volunteers (21.7 μA ± 1.5), was below the normal range (40–60 μA) and was classified as deficiency of Qi (empty). The coupled meridians that showed the highest Qi imbalance were the kidney (29.4 μA ± 2.8) and bladder (13.8 μA ± 1). The Qi planes with greatest imbalance were the Shao Yang and Shao Yin. In conclusion, volunteers with TMD presented a pattern of Qi deficiency, and the most prevalent imbalance patterns identified were in the kidney and bladder coupled meridians and in the energetic planes Shao Yin (heart/kidney) and Shao Yang (triple energizer/gall bladder).

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.002
  • Editorial Board - FM1

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • Smoking Disturbs the Intrinsic Tendencies of Autonomic Nervous System
           Reflected in the Bioelectric Potential at 12 Alarm Points: A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Il-Gu Kim; Hyun-Jin Lee; Sae-Min Park; Yun-Kyoung Yim
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Il-Gu Kim, Hyun-Jin Lee, Sae-Min Park, Yun-Kyoung Yim
      Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of smoking on the bioelectrical potential (BEP) at 12 alarm points. Methods A crossover study was conducted on 17 normal adult male smokers. The BEP was measured at 12 alarm points both before and after breathing through a filter (control) and smoking. Results The participants were classified into three subtypes according to the way in which their BEP changed after having breathed through a filter: increasing, decreasing, and irregular types. Compared with breathing through a filter, smoking decreased the BEP in the increasing type, whereas it increased the BEP in the decreasing type. No significant changes were observed in the irregular-type participants. Conclusions This study suggests that smoking increases sympathetic activity in smokers with a parasympathetic tendency, whereas it lessens sympathetic activity in smokers with a sympathetic tendency. Smoking does this by eliminating the intrinsic tendency of the autonomic nervous system, and these effects can be observed in the BEP at 12 alarm points.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.001
  • A curious oversight in acupuncture research

    • Authors: Fletcher Kovich
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Fletcher Kovich
      Common phenomena central to acupuncture have been overlooked by previous hypotheses on how acupuncture works, with the result that the hypotheses are unable to account for acupuncture’s effects. This article describes the main features overlooked and suggests how these might be investigated in future acupuncture research.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.10.004
  • Simulation In Cupping Training: An Innovation Method

    • Authors: Tamer Aboushanab; Saud M. AlSanad
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Tamer Aboushanab, Saud M. AlSanad

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.10.003
  • Being adaptive to pain enhances sham acupuncture analgesia: a cross-over
           healthy human study

    • Authors: Zhen Zheng; Dawn Wong Lit Wan Lars Arendt-Nielsen Dong Yuan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Zhen Zheng, Dawn Wong Lit Wan, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Dong Yuan Yao, Genevieve Iversen, Charlie Changli Xue, Kelun Wang

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
  • Comparison of Acupuncture with Ibuprofen for Pain Management in Patients
           with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical

    • Authors: Haneesh Murugesan; Sujatha Venkatappan; Senthil Kumar Renganathan; Srinivasan Narasimhan; Mahalaxmi Sekar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil K. Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
      Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I—classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II—sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III—sham acupuncture with ibuprofen. Before commencement of the experiment, initial pain assessment was done using a HP-VAS scale. Treatment was done by first operator, while pain assessment was done by the second operator who was blinded to the procedure performed. Acupuncture needles were inserted for 15–20 minutes at acupoints for classical acupuncture and at nonacupoints for sham acupuncture. Posttreatment pain assessment was carried out at 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes intervals. Follow-up analysis was recorded at 12, 24, and 48 hours using VAS verbal scale. The mean final HP VAS values for Group I showed statistically significant lower pain values when compared with groups II and III (p < 0.05), with no significant difference between groups II and III. Follow-up analysis showed Group I with higher percentage of no pain, which was statistically significant when compared with other two groups. It can be concluded that classical acupuncture is more effective in pain relief (faster and prolonged) than analgesics.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.09.002
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 5

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
  • Acupuncture Effect On Pain, Mouth Opening Limitation And On The Energy
           Meridians In Patients With Temporomandibular Dysfunction: A Randomized
           Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli; Cássia Maria Grillo; Maria Lúcia Bressiani Gil; Ronaldo Seichi Wada; Jorge Eiji Sato; Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli, Cássia Maria Grillo, Maria Lúcia Bressiani Gil, Ronaldo Seichi Wada, Jorge Eiji Sato, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
      Temporomandibular disorders (TMD), recognized as the most common conditions of chronic orofacial pain, have a multifactorial etiology. Acupuncture can help to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with these conditions, since it can rebalance the energy (Qi) circulating in the meridians. The aim of the study was to verify the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating the pain; mouth opening limitation, and energy circulating in the meridians of patients with TMD of muscular or mixed origin. This was a controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical trial conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba - SP - Brazil. The Treatment Group received acupuncture with real penetration of the needle, and the Placebo Group received a sham treatment without needle penetration. The acupoints used were: ST6, ST7, SI18, GV20, GB20, BL10 and LI4, during treatment performed for 4 weekly sessions. The TMD and mouth opening were evaluated according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC). The measurements of the energy at the meridians were performed by Ryodoraku method, before and after acupuncture in all of the sessions in both groups. The results showed no decrease in pain in the Treatment Group when compared with the Placebo Group (p=0.2261). There was no increase in the oral opening limit in the Treatment Group compared with the Placebo Group (p>0.05). Regarding the energy level, after acupuncture, there was a decrease in Yang energy in all sessions (p<0,05), in both groups, however, only real acupuncture was effective in maintaining the Yin energy average throughout the four sessions, with significant difference between groups (p=0.0198). In conclusion, volunteers with TMD presented a pattern of energy deficiency and the most prevalent imbalance patterns identified were in the Meridians coupled to the Kidney and Bladder, and in the Shao Yin (Heart/Kidney) and Shao Yang (Triple Energizer/Gall Bladder) Energetic Planes. The acupuncture points used were equally effective in reducing pain in both groups; increasing the unassisted mouth opening limitation without pain in the Treatment group, and were also effective in preserving the Yin energy in the Treatment group. The Yang energy decreased equally in both groups.

      PubDate: 2017-09-27T12:24:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.005
  • Laser acupuncture at GV20 improves brain damage and oxidative stress in
           animal model of focal ischemic stroke

    • Authors: Jinatta Jittiwat
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Jinatta Jittiwat
      The burden of stroke is high and continually increasing due to dramatic growth in the world’s elderly population. Novel therapeutic strategies are therefore required. The present study sought to determine the effect of laser acupuncture at GV20 on brain damage, oxidative status markers in the cerebral cortex and superoxide dismutase in mitochondria in an animal model of focal ischemic stroke. Wistar rats, weighing 300-350 g, were divided into the following 4 groups: (a) control, (b) permanent occlusion of right middle cerebral artery (Rt.MCAO) alone, (c) Rt.MACO plus sham laser acupuncture and (d) Rt.MCAO plus laser acupuncture groups. Sham laser acupuncture or laser acupuncture was performed once daily at the GV20 (Baihui) acupoint for 14 days following Rt. MCAO. Half of the rats in each group were examined by TTC staining to determine brain infarcted volume, while the other half were examined by biochemical assays to determine malondialdehyde (MDA) level, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the brain cortex mitochondria. The results showed that laser acupuncture at GV20 significantly decreased brain infarction volume and MDA level and increased CAT, GSH-Px and SOD activities in cerebral ischemic rats. In conclusion, laser acupuncture at GV20 decreases brain infarction volume in cerebral ischemic rats, at least in part due to decreased oxidative stress. Further study is warranted to investigate other possible underlying mechanisms.

      PubDate: 2017-09-09T12:10:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.003
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 4

      PubDate: 2017-09-09T12:10:27Z
  • Antidepressant Effects of Pharmacopuncture on Behavior and Brain-derived
           Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Expression in Chronic Stress Model of Mice

    • Authors: Yunna Kim; Hwa-Young Lee; Seung-Hun Cho
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yunna Kim, Hwa-Young Lee, Seung-Hun Cho
      Objectives The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect of the traditional Korean medical pharmacopuncture, Liver Qi Depression(HJ11), in a mouse model of depression induced by exposure to chronic immobilization stress(CIS). Methods Mice were subjected to two hours of immobilization stress daily for 14 days. They were also injected with distilled water(CIS+DW) or HJ11 at the acupoints HT7, SP6, and GV20(CIS+HJ11) an hour before stress. The positive control group(CIS+paroxetine) was intraperitoneally injected with paroxetine(10 mg/kg, 14 days). The tail suspension test(TST) and the forced swimming test(FST) were performed to assess depression-like behaviors. Western blotting was also conducted to seek the change in brain. Results CIS+DW mice showed significantly longer immobile time in the TST and FST than sham mice that did not go through daily restraint. Immobility of CIS+HJ11 and that of CIS+paroxetine mice were significantly decreased compared with immobility of CIS+DW mice. Immunoblotting showed that HJ11 increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) both in hippocampus and in amygdala. Conclusion HJ11 improves depressive-like behaviors in stress-induced mouse model of depression, and the results indicate that neuroprotective effect of HJ11 identified by BDNF expression may play a critical role in its antidepressant effect.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.007
  • Evaluation of Acupuncture in the treatment of restless legs syndrome: A
           Randomized Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Gholamreza Raissi; Bijan Forogh; Tannaz Ahadi; Samaneh Ghahramanpoori; Pouya Ghaboussi; Simin Sajadi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Gholamreza Raissi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Samaneh Ghahramanpoori, Pouya Ghaboussi, Simin Sajadi
      The aim of this study was to examine the additive effect of medical acupuncture on controlling the symptoms of restless legs syndrome. 46 randomly allocated patients diagnosed with RLS, assigned to receive either 10 sessions of acupuncture plus gabapentin (300mg/day) or gabapentin (300mg/day) alone (23 patients in each group) over 4 weeks in a single blind study. The symptoms of patients were assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group rating scale (IRLSRS) and Pittsburgh sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at baseline, just after therapeutic course and 8 weeks later. For all outcome measures, there was a significant time-group interaction, showing that the behavior of groups differed regarding changes in VAS, IRLSRS and PSQI in the favor of experimental group. After therapeutic course termination and in 8 weeks follow up, VAS and IRLSRS had a significant improvement in both experimental and control group but PSQI improved significantly just in experimental group. Based on the findings of the present study, acupuncture plus low dose of gabapentin (300mg/day) is clinically useful in the treatment of restless legs syndrome during 8 weeks follow up and also have additive therapeutic effect over gabapentin alone in patients with RLS.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.004
  • Studying Hardness Meter Spring Strength to Understand Hardness
           Distribution on Body Surfaces

    • Authors: Yoshitaka Arima
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yoshitaka Arima
      Introduction For developing a hardness multipoint measurement system for understanding hardness distribution on biological body surfaces, we investigated the spring strength of the contact portion main axis of a biological tissue hardness meter. Methods We measured the hardness of three-layered sheets of six types of gel sheets (90 mm × 60 mm × 6 mm) constituting the acupuncture practice pads, with PEK measurements of 1.96 N, 2.94 N, 3.92 N, 4.90 N, 5.88 N, 6.86 N, 7.84 N, 8.82 N, and 9.81 N of the main axis spring strength. We obtained measurements 10 times for the gel sheets and simultaneously measured the load using a digital scale. We measured the hardness distribution of induration embedded and breast cancer palpation models, with a main axis with 1.96 N, 4.90 N, and 9.81 N spring strengths, to create a two-dimensional Contour Fill Chart. Results Using 4.90 N spring strength, we could obtain measurement loads of ≤3.0 N, and the mean hardness was 5.14 mm. This was close to the median of the total measurement range 0.0–10.0 mm, making the measurement range the largest for this spring strength. We could image the induration of the induration-embedded model regardless of the spring strength. Conclusion Overall, 4.90 N spring strength was best suited for imaging cancer in the breast cancer palpation model.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.001
  • Comparison of Point Placement by Veterinary Professionals with Different
           Levels of Acupuncture Training in a Canine Cadaver Model

    • Authors: Toni Yang; Justin Shmalberg; Lindsay Hochman; Erin Miscioscia; Meghan Brumby; Kelsey McKenna; Amber Roth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Toni Yang, Justin Shmalberg, Lindsay Hochman, Erin Miscioscia, Meghan Brumby, Kelsey McKenna, Amber Roth
      Veterinary acupuncture is becoming increasingly implemented for various disease processes, with growing numbers of veterinarians pursuing advanced training to meet the rising demand for this relatively new intervention. Accurate acupoint placement remains challenging, with individual practitioners relying on varying methods of point identification, often compounded by the transpositional nature of points for companion animals. The aim of this study was to assess for differences in acupuncture needle placement of select points between veterinary professionals with three different levels of acupuncture training in an academic teaching environment. Seven participants placed a total of six acupoints on a canine cadaver. Digital radiography was used to document each participant's point placement. Each participant's point location was then compared to a control “correct” point, and the distance between the two points was measured. A significant difference in placement accuracy was identified between the participants when grouped by training level (p = 0.03). These results indicate that veterinary patients receiving acupuncture treatment from veterinarians with different levels of training may subsequently experience varying effects, although further studies are warranted on more specific acupoint description as well as the clinical implications of needle placement accuracy.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.002
  • Effect Of Low Level Laser Therapy On P6 Acupoint To Control Gag Reflex In
           Children: A Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Himani Goel; Shivani Mathur; Meera Sandhu; Pulkit Jhingan; Vinod Sachdev
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Himani Goel, Shivani Mathur, Meera Sandhu, Pulkit Jhingan, Vinod Sachdev

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T11:44:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.07.002
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 3

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T11:37:08Z
  • Immediate Effect of Needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) Acupuncture Point on
           Blood Glucose Level in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Pilot
           Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Ranjan Kumar; A. Mooventhan; N.K. Manjunath
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Ranjan Kumar, A. Mooventhan, N.K. Manjunath
      Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a major global health problem. Needling at CV-12 has reported to reduce blood glucose level in diabetic rats. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) on blood glucose level in patients with type-2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Materials and Methods Forty T2DM subjects were recruited and randomized into either the acupuncture group or the placebo control group. The participants in the acupuncture group were needled at CV-12 (4-cun above the center of the umbilicus), and those in the placebo control group were needled at a placebo point on the right side of the abdomen (1-cun beside the CV-12). For both groups, the needle was retained for 30 minutes. Assessments were performed prior to and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 16. Results Result of this study showed a significant reduction in random blood glucose level in Acupuncture group compared to its baseline. But no such significant change was observed in placebo control group. Conclusion The result of this study suggests that 30 minutes of needling at CV-12 might be useful in reducing blood glucose level in patients with T2DM.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T11:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.003
  • Effects of Acupuncture on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene Induced
           Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Mice

    • Authors: Yanchun Zhong; Xiaozhu Liu; Yinfeng Li; Huankun Liang; Jiali Li; Cuicui Chen; Kangyan Li; Xipan Liu; Shuhai Zhong; Laiqing Li; Yan Wang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yanchun Zhong, Xiaozhu Liu, Yinfeng Li, Huankun Liang, Jiali Li, Cuicui Chen, Kangyan Li, Xipan Liu, Shuhai Zhong, Laiqing Li, Yan Wang
      Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Topical corticosteroids are the first-line therapy for ACD although their significant adverse effects. Acupuncture has been widely used in the treatment of various skin diseases, but its underlying mechanism remains unrevealed. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of acupuncture treatment based on effectiveness and mechanism. BALB/c mice received 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB) application to build AD like model. Results showed that acupuncture treatment was a effective method in inhibiting inflammatory conditions, serum IgE levels, and expression of proinflammatory cytokineTh2 (IL-4, IL-6), Th2 (IL-1β,TNF-α) mRNA compared with DNCB group. Acupuncture treatment also inhibited NF-κB p65, phosphorylation of IκBα, and phosphorylation of occludin proteins expression. In addition, acupuncture treatment could improve EGF expression both in mRNA and protein levels. These results suggest that acupuncture, as an alternative therapy treatment for its no significant side effects, was effective in alleviating allergic contact dermatitis by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines and changing proteins expression.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T11:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.004
  • Professor George Lewith

    • Authors: Felicity L. Bishop
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Felicity L. Bishop

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T10:01:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.004
  • Laser acupuncture at HT7 improves the cerebellar disorders in valproic
           acid- rat model of autism

    • Authors: Jurairat Khongrum; Jintanaporn Wattanathorn
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Jurairat Khongrum, Jintanaporn Wattanathorn
      The novel therapeutic strategy against autism is essential due to the limited therapeutic efficacy. Based on the benefit of laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint on the neurological disorders related with oxidative stress and inflammation, its benefit on oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and GABAergic/glutamatergic imbalance in cerebellum of autism have been considered. To elucidate this issue, male rat pups were induced autistic-like condition by valproic acid (VPA) and treated with laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint once daily between postnatal days 14-40. At the end of study, the changes of oxidative stress markers, the expressions of cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) proteins (65 and 67 kDa) together with gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) activity and density of Purkinje cell in the cerebellum were assessed. The results showed that laser acupuncture HT7 decreased oxidative stress, IL-6 expression, and GABA-T activity but increased the expressions of GAD 65 kDa together with the density of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Therefore, laser acupuncture at HT7 is the potential strategy to improve the cerebellar disorders in VPA- rat model of autism. The mechanism may occur partly via the decrease of oxidative stress status, inflammation, and the improved GABAergic function.

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.006
  • Development of a novel questionnaire for the TCM pattern diagnosis of

    • Authors: Shuai Zheng; Christine Kim; Peter Meier; David Sibbritt; Chris Zaslawski
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.002
  • Hwanglyunhaedok Pharmacopuncture (HP) versus Saline Pharmacopuncture (SP)
           on Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

    • Authors: Kee Moon Seong; Geurin Jang; Dong Woong Kim; Sungchul Kim; Bong Keun Song
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Kee Moon Seong, Geurin Jang, Dong Woong Kim, Sungchul Kim, Bong Keun Song

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.001
  • Korean Sa-Ahm Acupuncture for Treating Canine Oral Fibrosarcoma

    • Authors: Keum Hwa Choi; Kristi Flynn
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Keum Hwa Choi, Kristi Flynn

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:20:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.04.005
  • Acupuncture for symptom relief in palliative care – study protocol and
           semi-standardized treatment schemes

    • Authors: Sybille Kramer; Dominik Irnich; Stefan Lorenzl
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Sybille Kramer, Dominik Irnich, Stefan Lorenzl
      The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) methods as acupuncture in palliative care has increased over the last years. Well-planned trials are needed to show its effectiveness in relieving distressing symptoms. The development of treatment schemes to be used in the trial for both acupuncture and medical symptom control is challenging: Both acupuncture and palliative care are highly individualized. Thus standardized care plans of a randomized controlled trial will have difficulties in producing treatment result that compare to the clinical practice. As an alternative, treatment protocols for both acupuncture and medical symptom control of dyspnea, pruritus, hypersalivation, depression, anxiety and xerostomia were designed with the input of experts. They are designed to provide sufficient symptom control and comparability for a three-armed, randomized controlled trial. Medical symptom control will be provided to all groups. The two control groups will be medical treatment and sham-laser acupuncture.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:20:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.04.004
  • Recommended Articles for June Issue of 2017

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T06:00:19Z
  • Acupuncture for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Patient
           with Myasthenia Gravis: A Case Report

    • Authors: Yun Jin Kim
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yun Jin Kim
      Myasthenia Gravis is an acquired disease of the neuromuscular junction characterized by muscular weakness and fatigue, with a prevalence of 50 to 125 cases per million population in Western countries. In males, it usually appears after the age of 60 while in females, it usually appears before the age of 40. Long-term immunosuppression with corticosteroids is the mainstay treatment for patients with myasthenia gravis; however, the use of corticosteroids is a well-documented risk factor of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which has also been reported in steroid-treated patients with myasthenia gravis. Here, a case of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a patient with myasthenia gravis who underwent 105 sessions of acupuncture delivered over 6 months is reported. After acupuncture treatment, the patient’s fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c levels, as well as the score on the Hamilton depression rating scale, were decreased. Furthermore, no adverse effects were observed. The findings in this clinical study are encouraging and provide evidence supporting the effectiveness of acupuncture in reducing type 2 diabetes mellitus in a patient with myasthenia gravis.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T14:09:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.003
  • Electrodermal Conductance at Acupuncture Points and Asthma

    • Authors: Yiu Ming Wong
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yiu Ming Wong

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T14:09:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.002
  • Reply to the Letter to the Editor (JAMS_2017_28, Yiu Ming Wong:
           Electrodermal Conductance at Acupuncture Points and Asthma)

    • Authors: Kuntal Ghosh; Alex Hankey; T.M. Srinivasan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Kuntal Ghosh, Alex Hankey, T.M. Srinivasan

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T12:29:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.001
  • Comparing the effects of topical anesthesia and two-point acupressure on
           the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6–12 year-old

    • Authors: Parisa Shah Mohammadi Pour; Golnaz Foroogh Ameri; Majid Kazemi; Yones Jahani
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Parisa Shah Mohammadi Pour, Golnaz Foroogh Ameri, Majid Kazemi, Yones Jahani
      The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6–12 year-old children. A sample of 120 6–12 year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anesthesia and the acupressure groups, EMLA cream and two-point acupressure were used respectively before performing venipuncture while children in the control group only received routine pre-venipuncture care. The severity of venipuncture pain was evaluated five minutes after performing venipuncture by using the Face, Leg, Activity, Cry, and Consolability behavioral pain assessment scale. The findings reveled that pain severity in both experimental groups was significantly lower than the control group while there was no significant difference between the experimental groups regarding pain severity. Although acupressure was as effective as topical anesthesia cream in alleviating children’s venipuncture pain, nurses are recommended to use acupressure instead of pharmacological pain management agents due to its greater safety, cost-effectiveness, and applicability.

      PubDate: 2017-04-25T18:14:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.04.001
  • Comparative Assessment of the Heart’s Functioning by Using the Akabane
           Test and Classical Methods of Instrumental Examination

    • Authors: Valery Muzhikov; Elena Vershinina; Vadim Belenky; Ruslan Muzhikov
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Valery Muzhikov, Elena Vershinina, Vadim Belenky, Ruslan Muzhikov
      Acupuncture physicians have studied the application of reflexotherapy to cardiology. However, no one has investigated the connection of ancient Chinese diagnostic methods with modern tools. One hundred two patients (54 men and 48 women) with heart pathology, namely, sick-sinus syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and atrioventricular blockade, were studied using the usual instrumental methods (transesophageal electrophysiological study of the heart, echocardiography), after which they underwent Akabane thermopuncture testing as in traditional Chinese medicine. The results of cardio examination from one side of the Akabane test with that from the other side were compared by means of a multiple stepwise regression analysis. We revealed the effects on the characteristic pattern of acupuncture channel lesions inherent in a definite heart pathology, i.e., the most vulnerable AC, of such factors as disturbances of the contractile, conductive, or automatic heart functions, and changes in the chambers size or circulation volume. Сhanges in the indices of the left and the right branches of these channels usually reflect the opposing natures of the changes in these indicators, which should be considered in reflexotherapy. The main value of the Akabane test along with the use of mathematical analysis lies in early, quick and inexpensive detection of the above-mentioned heart disturbances.

      PubDate: 2017-04-25T18:14:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.01.005
  • Bee venom acupuncture reduces IL-6, increases IL-10 and induces locomotor
           recovery in a model of spinal cord compression

    • Authors: Raquel Nascimento de Souza; Fernanda Kohn Silva; Magda Alves de Medeiros
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Fernanda Kohn Silva, Magda Alves de Medeiros
      Spinal cord injuries (SCI) initiate a series of molecular and cellular events in which inflammatory responses can lead to major neurological dysfunctions. The present study aims to investigate whether Bee Venom (BV) acupuncture applied at the acupoints ST36 (Zunsanli) and GV3 (Yaoyangquan) could minimize locomotor deficits and the magnitude of neural tissue losses, and change the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines after SCI by compression. Wistar rats were subjected to a SCI model by compression in which a 2-French Fogarty embolectomy catheter was inflated in the extradural space. The effects of BV acupuncture, in which 20 μL of BV diluted in saline (0.08mg/kg) was injected at acupoints GV3 and ST36 [BV(ST36+GV3)-SCI] was compared with BV injected at non-acupoints [BV(NP)-SCI] and with no treatment (group subjected only to SCI [CTL-SCI]). The BV(ST36+GV3)-SCI group showed a significant improvement in the locomotor performance and a decrease of lesion size compared to the controls. BV acupuncture at the ST36 + GV3 increased the expression of IL-10 (anti-inflammatory) at 6 hours and reduced the expression of IL-6 (pro-inflammatory) at 24 hours after SCI compared to the controls. Our results suggest that BV acupuncture can reduce neuroinflammation and induce recovery in the SCI compression model.

      PubDate: 2017-04-25T18:14:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.04.003
  • Ultrasound in locating and characterising acupuncture points – a case
           example on the second posterior sacral foramen

    • Authors: Mabel Qi He Leow; Shu Li Cui; Mohammad Taufik Bin Mohamed Shah; Taige Cao; Shian Chao Tay; Peter Kay Chai Tay; Chin Chin Ooi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Mabel Qi He Leow, Shu Li Cui, Mohammad Taufik Bin Mohamed Shah, Taige Cao, Shian Chao Tay, Peter Kay Chai Tay, Chin Chin Ooi
      This study aims to explore the potential use of ultrasound in locating the second posterior sacral foramen acupuncture point, quantifying depth of insertion and describing surrounding anatomical structures. We performed the acupuncture needle insertion on a study team member. There were four steps to our experiment. First, the acupuncturist located the acupuncture point by palpation. Second, we used the ultrasound machine to visualise the structures surrounding the location of the acupuncture point, and measure the depth required for needle insertion. Third, the acupuncturist inserted the acupuncture needle into the acupuncture point at an angle of 30°. Fourth, we did another ultrasound scan to ensure that the needle was in the desired location. Results suggested that ultrasound could be used to locate the acupuncture point and estimate depth of needle insertion. The needle was inserted to 4.0cm to reach the surface of the sacral foramen. Based on Pythagoras’ theorem, taking a needle insertion angle of 30°, needle insertion depth of 4.0cm, the estimated perpendicular depth is 1.8cm. Ultrasound scan corroborated the depth of 1.85 cm. Using ultrasound-guided technique for needle insertion in acupuncture practice could help standardise the treatment. Clinicians and students would be able to visualise and measure the depth of the sacral foramen acupuncture point, to guide the depth of needle insertion. This methodological guide could also be used to create a standard treatment protocol for research. A similar mathematical guide could also be created for other acupuncture points in future.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T13:17:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.03.001
  • Anti-platelet aggregation activity of walnut hull extract via suppression
           of ROS generation and caspase activation

    • Authors: Azadeh Meshkini; Masoumeh Tahmasbi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Azadeh Meshkini, Masoumeh Tahmasbi
      Walnut hull (wal hull) is an agricultural by-product which is widely used in the traditional medicine for alleviating pain and treating skin diseases, however it recently has gained much attention in modern pharmacology due to its antioxidant properties. The current study was aimed to determine the total phenolic, flavonoid and tannin content of Persian wal hull extract and evaluate its biological effects on platelet function. Experimental data showed that acetone extract of wal hull has a high content of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant properties. The analytical study of crude extract by GC-MS demonstrated different types of high and low molecular weight compounds which are basically and biologically important. Moreover, in vitro study revealed that wal hull extract at concentration 50 μg/ml inhibited thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and protein secretion by 50%, without any cytotoxic effects on platelets. The examined extract suppressed ROS generation and also caspase activation in thrombin-stimulated platelets. Identically, N-acetylcysteine inhibited the increase of ROS level induced by thrombin in platelets, supported a link between cellular redox status and caspase activation in activated platelets. It is presumably that the anti-platelet activity of wal hull extract is related to its polyphenolic compounds and their antioxidant properties. Therefore, wal hull can be considered as a candidate for thrombotic disorders.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T13:17:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.02.007
  • Corrigendum to “Improvements in Scrotal Thermoregulation in Patients
           with Varicoceles Treated by Using Traditional Korean Medicine: Two Case
           Reports” [J Acupunct Meridian Stud 9 (3) (2016) 156–160]

    • Authors: Junyoung Jo; Hyunho Kim; Ui Min Jerng
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Junyoung Jo, Hyunho Kim, Ui Min Jerng

      PubDate: 2017-03-03T13:13:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.02.006
  • Post herpetic Neuralgia: Practical Experiences: Return to Traditional
           Chinese Medicine

    • Authors: Majid Avijgan; SeyedehTahoora Hajzargarbashi; Aliasghar Kamran; Mahtab Avijgan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Majid Avijgan, SeyedehTahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
      Post Herpetic Neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in affected area. It is a problem which occur more in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This is a complication that causes suffering patients and reduces quality of life. In western medicine’s viewpoints PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that have used in order to manage the pain relief. In Traditional Medicine (TM) PHN is mostly due to incomplete heat and damp clearing in liver and spleen meridians, qi and toxic pathogens stagnation, accumulation of yin (blood stagnation in micro capillary), internal fire and heat and obstruction of meridians. Acupuncture works based on eradication of wind, clearing heat and destroy damp by regulating qi and blood movement. In clinic several methods of TM is used to relief PHN such as simultaneous needling, surrounding needling, acupuncture, electro acupuncture, moxibustion, wet cupping or hijamat and herbal medicine. In this review we discuss all these methods and explain how they all can help to reduce PHN and relief pain.

      PubDate: 2017-03-03T13:13:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.02.003
  • Phytochemical Analysis and Cytotoxicity Evaluation of Kelussia
           Odoratissima Mozaff

    • Authors: Amir Abbas Momtazi-borojeni; Omid Askari-Khorasgani; Elham Abdollahi; Hojjat Sadeghi-aliabadi; Forough Mortazaeinezhad; Amirhossein Sahebkar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Amir Abbas Momtazi-borojeni, Omid Askari-Khorasgani, Elham Abdollahi, Hojjat Sadeghi-aliabadi, Forough Mortazaeinezhad, Amirhossein Sahebkar
      Background Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. (Apiaceae) is an edible, indigenous and ethnomedicinal plant that only grows in Iran. Although antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of K. odoratissima have been reported, cytotoxic activity of this plant has not been previously investigated. Objective To evaluate the cytotoxicity of K. odoratissima leaf extract against a panel of human cancer cell lines. A secondary aim was to perform a phytochemical analysis of the plant’s leaf oil. Methods To extract the plant oil, dried leaves were subjected to hydro-distillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus for up to 3 h. For the phytochemical analysis, essential oil was subjected to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Plant extraction was performed by macerating leaf powder of K. odoratissima (50 g) in 70% methanol (500 mL) at the room temperature (25–28°C) for 24 h. To perform cytotoxicity assays, methanolic extract of K. odoratissima was tested against a panel of cell lines including MDA-MB468 (human breast cancer cell line), K562 (human leukemia cell line), SKOV3 (human ovarian cancer cell line), Y79 (human eye cancer cell line), A549 (lung cancer cell line) and HEK 293 (normal human embryonic kidney cell line). Results GC-MS analysis revealed that sesquiterpens are dominant volatile components of the plant, followed by phthalides comprising 3-butyldine phthalide and 3-n-butyl phthalide; the latter compound being the major component of the leaf oil (25.1%). The leaf extract showed a selective and dose-dependent cytotoxicity against MDA-MB468, K562, SKOV3, Y79 and A549 cancer cell lines with IC50 values of 85, 70, 120, 82 and145 μ, respectively. Conclusions The present results suggest a direct cytotoxic activity of K. odoratissima leaf extract against human cancer cell lines. This activity of K. odoratissima may find application in combination with traditional herbal medicines to develop a new anti-cancer pharmacopuncture therapy.

      PubDate: 2017-02-24T13:07:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.02.002
  • Implementation of Acupuncture Therapy in the Care of Patients with Breast

    • Authors: Fizzah Arif; Syeda Fizzah Haroon; Marium Aon Balagamwala
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 February 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Fizzah Arif, Syeda Fizzah Haroon, Marium Aon Balagamwala

      PubDate: 2017-02-24T13:07:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.02.001
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