Journal Cover Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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   ISSN (Print) 2005-2901
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3175 journals]
  • Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Management of Primary Dysmenorrhoea: A
           Randomized Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Geetha B. Shetty; Balakrishna Shetty; A. Mooventhan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Geetha B. Shetty, Balakrishna Shetty, A. Mooventhan
      Introduction Dysmenorrhoea constitutes one of the most frequent disorders in women of a fertile age. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture in the management of primary dysmenorrhoea. Materials and Methods Sixty females with the age varied from 17-23-years were randomly assigned to either a study group or a control group. Study group received acupuncture for the duration of 20-minutes/day, for 15-days/month, for the period of 90-days. Control group did not receive acupuncture for the same period. Baseline, during and post assessments were taken on day-1, day-30 & day-60 and day-90 respectively. Statistical analysis was performed by repeated measures of analysis of variance followed by Post-hoc analysis with Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons, independent samples-t-test for visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Mann-Whitney U test for rest of the variables using statistical package for the social sciences, version 16. Results This study showed a significant reduction in all the variables such as VAS score for pain, menstrual cramps, headache, dizziness, diarrhoea, faint, mood changes, tiredness, nausea, vomiting in the study group compared to control group. Conclusion Acupuncture could be considered as an effective treatment modality for the management of primary dysmenorrhoea.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.04.001
  • Comparison of the Prophylactic Effect Between Acupuncture and Acupressure
           on Menstrual Migraine: Results of a Pilot Study

    • Authors: Xianmin Yu; Alan Salmoni
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Xianmin Yu, Alan Salmoni
      Objectives To make comparisons between acupuncture and acupressure for preventing menstrual migraine (MM). Methods MM is one kind of migraine associated with females’ menses. It is often associated with increased menstrual distress and disability, leading to decreased daily activity and quality of life. A randomized and controlled pilot study with three groups: verum acupuncture (VA) group, acupressure (AP) group, and control acupuncture (CA) group. The study lasted for seven cycle-months, with a 1-cycle-month baseline observation (T1), a 3-cycle-month intervention (three times per cycle-month) (T2-T4), and a 3-cycle-month follow-up (T5-T7). Outcome measures were number of migraine days, average and peak pain, total duration period of MM, and percentage of patients with ≥ 50% reduction in the number of MM days. Results A total of 18 participants were included in the analysis (VA, n = 7; AP, n = 6; CA, n = 5). Both VA and AP were significantly more effective than CA for reducing MM days during the intervention period. Both VA and AP tended to be more effective than CA for reducing peak pain during the intervention period. No significant differences for the outcomes were observed among VA, AP, and CA during the follow-up period. No serious adverse events were reported. Discussion Results of the pilot study suggest that both VA and AP could be considered as alternative and safe prophylactic interventions for MM. Register Identifier: NCT02592681.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.04.003
  • The Biocompatibility of Nanoporous Acupuncture Needles

    • Authors: Saurav Sorcar; Craig A. Grimes; Su-Il In
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 April 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Saurav Sorcar, Craig A. Grimes, Su-Il In
      We investigate the biocompatibility of a new class of acupuncture needles that possess a hierarchical nano-microscale porous surface topology, referred to as porous acupuncture needles (PANs). The PANs are synthesized via a facile electrochemical anodization technique by which a surface area approximately twenty times greater than a conventional acupuncture needle, of the same diameter, is obtained. PAN biocompatibility is evaluated utilizing a variety of standard tests, with results indicating that the PANs can safely be used within therapeutic practice.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.03.004
  • Expression of genes in primo vasculature floating in lymphatic endothelium
           under lipopolysaccharide and acupuncture electric stimulation

    • Authors: Jun-Young Shin; Jong-Ok Ji; Da-Woon Choi; Sang-Heon Choi; Jong-Gu Choi; Min-Suk Rho; Ji Yoon Lee; Sang-Suk Lee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Jun-Young Shin, Jong-Ok Ji, Da-Woon Choi, Sang-Heon Choi, Jong-Gu Choi, Min-Suk Rho, Ji Yoon Lee, Sang-Suk Lee
      It is known that the existence of primo vascular system (PVS) including the primo nodes and vessels. However, it is poorly understood the relevant genes in the PVS system both patho- and physiologic condition. Here, we first examined the gene expression in primo vessels (PV) floating in lymphatic endothelium by isolation of PVS and lymphatic vessels (LV) containing PVS. To investigate therapeutic effects, both PV and LV containing PVS were isolated after lipopolysaccharides (LPS) injection and acupuncture electric stimulation (AES) at two acupoints of Joksamni (ST36) and Hapgok (LI04) following LPS. We used reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to examine expression of lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC) markers and inflammatory related genes. We found that LEC markers such as Flt4, Lyve-1, Prox-1, and Pdpn were highly expressed in PV, compared to that of lymphatic endothelium, suggesting pivotal roles of PV in LV under inflammation. Furthermore, lymphatic related genes including Mtf2, Hif1a, Agtr1, and Agtr2 were also overall increased in PV and remarkably increased and these genes except Pparg after AES in two acupoints, implying central role of PV by gene activation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.03.003
  • The Beneficial Effects of Electroacupuncture at PC6 Acupoints (Neiguan) on
           Myocardial Ischemia in ASIC3 -/- mice

    • Authors: Ying-Wang; Wan-shuang Zhao; Di Li; Ya-han Xu; Meng-di Li; Jin Chen; Zhi-jun Kou; Qi-ge Wang; Yi-guo Chen; Nsoa dimitri Joseph
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Ying-Wang, Wan-shuang Zhao, Di Li, Ya-han Xu, Meng-di Li, Jin Chen, Zhi-jun Kou, Qi-ge Wang, Yi-guo Chen, Nsoa dimitri Joseph
      This study aims to investigate the possible mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at PC6 to improve myocardial ischemia (MI) by regulating the cardiac transient outward potassium current channel (Ito). According to the random number table, the mice were divided into 6 groups of 6 mice each: control group, MI group, PC6, LU7 (Lieque-point), ST36 (Zusanli-point), and nonacupoint group. Mice in the control group were injected with saline (20mg/kg, 24 hours interval), and the other ASIC3 -/- mice were injected subcutaneously twice with isoproterenol (ISO) (20mg/kg, 24 hours interval). In the pre-experiment, 5mg/kg, 10mg/kg, 20mg/kg and 30mg/kg of ISO were used respectively, and the results showed that 5mg/kg and 10mg/kg of ISO could both induce acute myocardial ischemia, but shorter duration of sustained myocardial ischemia. On the other hand, an injection of 30mg/kg can make the mice experience arrhythmia or die immediately. And EA was operated at PC6, LU7, ST36 acupoints and nonacupoint in the mice of PC6, LU7, ST36 and nonacupoint groups respectively, after injecting twice. Then Western blotting Techniques (Western Blot) was used to analyze the protein expressions of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3 and KchIP2. The results of this experiment showed that the protein expressions of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3 and KChIP2 in MI group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.01). Compared with MI group, the results of PC6, LU7 and ST36 groups obviously increased (P<0.05). Furthermore, the expressions of PC6 group were higher than LU7 group and ST36 group (P<0.05). And ECG’s T-waves showed obvious pathological changes in the MI group compared to the control group (p<0.01). After EA, the abnormal T-waves voltage of ECG in PC6, LU7 and ST36 groups was improved (P<0.05). In addition, the rate change of PC6 group was larger than that of both LU7 and ST36 groups (P<0.05). But the T-waves voltage of the nonacupoint group was not significantly different than that of the MI group (P>0.05).

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.03.002
  • Acupuncture for the Treatment of Paraneoplastic Night Sweats

    • Authors: Visweswaran Ramasamy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Visweswaran Ramasamy
      This case report describes acupuncture treatment to manage paraneoplastic night sweating secondary to pancreatic cancer. A 56-year-old gentleman with a 2-month history of night sweating responded well over a 10-week course of acupuncture treatment. Acupuncture was selected for symptom management after no success was achieved with pharmacological and conventional managements. The severity of night sweating had reduced from 9/10 to 1/10 on visual analog scale at the end of treatment. This case report suggests that acupuncture has a favorable effect on paraneoplastic night sweating in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and recommends further research.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.03.001
  • Cupping Therapy: An Overview from a Modern Medicine Perspective

    • Authors: Tamer S. Aboushanab; Saud AlSanad
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Tamer S. Aboushanab, Saud AlSanad
      Cupping therapy is an ancient traditional and complementary medicine practice. Recently, there is growing evidence of its potential benefits in the treatment of pain-related diseases. This article gives an overview of cupping therapy practice. Furthermore, this article suggests a new classification of cupping therapy sets, a new classification of cupping therapy adverse events, and an updated classification of cupping therapy types.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.02.001
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T04:48:15Z
  • Single or multiple electroacupuncture sessions in nonspecific low back
           pain: Are we low-responders to EA'

    • Authors: Ravena Carolina de Carvalho; Julia Risso Parisi; Wiliam Alves Prado; João Eduardo de Araújo; Andreia Maria Silva; Josie Resende Torres Silva; Marcelo Lourenço Silva
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Ravena Carolina de Carvalho, Julia Risso Parisi, Wiliam Alves Prado, João Eduardo de Araújo, Andreia Maria Silva, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva
      The objective of this study was compare the effects of one or multiple sessions of electroacupuncture (EA) in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). The outcome measures were Visual Analogue Score (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ), Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), low back skin temperature, surface electromyography (EMG) of longissimus muscle (contraction/rest) and blood cytokines. After examination (AV0), patients were submitted to EA (2Hz, 30 minutes, bilaterally at the SP6, BL23, BL31, BL32, BL33 and BL60) and were revaluated after one week (AV1). Patients with VAS<3 (VAS<3 Group, n=20) were directed to return after three weeks (AV2). Patients with VAS>3 (VAS>3 Group, n=20) were submitted to one weekly EA-treatment and revaluated after three weeks (AV2). The VAS<3 Group showed a significant reduction in VAS and MPQ and increased PPT in AV1, but not in AV2. No significant differences were found in RMDQ. The VAS>3 Group showed reduction in VAS and increased PPT in AV1 and a reduction in MPQ and RMDQ only in AV2. No significant differences were found in EMG, temperature or cytokines. Thus, despite 2Hz-EA is effective reducing LBP, some patients only experienced reduced pain intensity and improved functional capacity after full treatment.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.02.002
  • Isoflurane and the analgesic effect of acupuncture and electroacupuncture
           in an animal model of neuropathic pain

    • Authors: Lauren Naomi Spezia Adachi; Rafael Vercelino; Carla de Oliveira; Vanessa Leal Scarabelot; Andressa de Souza; Liciane Fernandes Medeiros; Stefania Giotti Cioato; Wolnei Caumo; Iraci L.S. Torres
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Lauren Naomi Spezia Adachi, Rafael Vercelino, Carla de Oliveira, Vanessa Leal Scarabelot, Andressa de Souza, Liciane Fernandes Medeiros, Stefania Giotti Cioato, Wolnei Caumo, Iraci L.S. Torres
      The present study aimed to determine whether isoflurane interferes with the analgesic effects of acupuncture (Ac) and electroacupuncture (EA), using a neuropathic pain (NP) rat model. In total, 140 male Wistar rats were used; isoflurane-induced nociceptive response was evaluated using the von Frey test, serum calcium-binding protein β (S100β) levels, and nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in the left sciatic nerve. The NP model was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve at 14 days after surgery. Treatment was initiated after NP induction with or without isoflurane anesthesia (20 min/day/8 days). Von Frey test was performed at baseline, 14 days postoperatively, and immediately, 24 h, and 48 h after the last treatment. Results of the nociceptive test and three-way analysis of variance were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, the Bonferroni test, followed by Student-Newman-Keuls or Fisher’s least significant difference tests for comparing biochemical parameters (significance defined as P≤0.05). At baseline, no difference was noted in the nociceptive response threshold among all groups. Fourteen days post-surgery, compared to other groups, NP groups showed a decreased pain threshold, confirming establishment of NP. Ac and EA enhanced the mechanical pain threshold immediately after the last session in the NP groups, without anesthesia. Isoflurane administration caused increased nociceptive threshold in all groups, and this effect persisted for 48 h after the last treatment. There was an interaction between the independent variables: pain, treatments, and anesthesia in serum S100β levels and NGF levels in the left sciatic nerve. Isoflurane enhanced the analgesic effects of Ac and EA and altered serum S100β and left sciatic nerve NGF levels in rats with NP.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.01.004
  • Treating Pain in Pregnancy with Acupuncture: Observational Study Results
           from a Free Clinic in New Zealand

    • Authors: Elizabeth Soliday; Debra Betts
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Elizabeth Soliday, Debra Betts
      Introduction Clinic-based acupuncturists, midwives, and physiotherapists have reported using acupuncture to treat lumbopelvic pain in pregnancy, a common condition that may affect functioning and quality of life. To contribute to the emerging evidence on treatment outcomes, we collected patient-reported pain reduction data from women treated during pregnancy in a no-pay, hospital-based acupuncture service in New Zealand. Methods Observational study of patient-reported symptom reduction.The main outcome measure was the MYMOP (Measure Your Medical Outcome Profile), a brief, validated self-report instrument. Open-ended questions on treatment experiences and adverse events were included. Results Of the 81 women on whom we had complete treatment data, the majority (N = 72, 89%) reported clinically meaningful symptom reduction. Patient-reported adverse events were infrequent and mild. Discussion Patient-reported and treatment-related lumbopelvic pain symptom reduction findings provide further evidence that acupuncture in pregnancy is safe and beneficial in a field setting. We discuss this study's unique contributions in providing guidance for clinicians who practice acupuncture in pregnancy, including midwives, physiotherapists, and physicians.
      Teaser PRECIS: Pregnant women treated for lumbopelvic pain with acupuncture in a hospital-based clinic in New Zealand reported significant pain reduction and few adverse events.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.005
  • A New Theory for Acupuncture: Promoting Robust Regulation

    • Authors: Yuan Xu; Yang Guo; Yuru Song; Kuo Zhang; Yiping Zhang; Qiang Li; Shouhai Hong; Yangyang Liu; Yi Guo
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yuan Xu, Yang Guo, Yuru Song, Kuo Zhang, Yiping Zhang, Qiang Li, Shouhai Hong, Yangyang Liu, Yi Guo
      Robustness, an ability of biological networks to uphold their functionalities in the face of perturbations, is a key characteristic of all living systems. Acupuncture is a procedure in which fine needles are inserted into an individual at discrete points and then manipulated, with the intent of preventing and curing diseases. Acupuncture does not directly eliminate pathogenic factors or pathological tissue; rather, acupuncture enhances the ability of the human body to self-medicate itself by activating complex regulatory systems and by maintaining physiological homeostasis to prevent or treat diseases. From this point of view, the effect of acupuncture on the human body is more likely a kind of regulation to promote robustness. That is to say, acupuncture has the ability to promote robustness. In this article, we review the properties and functions of acupuncture in preventing and treating diseases and in maintaining health by enhancing robustness.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.004
  • Scalp Acupuncture for the Treatment of Motor Function in Acute Spinal Cord
           Injury: A Case Report

    • Authors: Colette Widrin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Colette Widrin
      An acute spinal cord injury is the result of a traumatic injury to the spinal cord caused by a contusion, compression, or severing of the spinal cord. There are approximately 17,000 new cases each year, of which, males account for 80%. Approximately 65% of these injuries cause incomplete or partial damage to the spinal cord. Comprehensive treatment is essential to restore maximum function. Surgical procedures, stem cell therapy, pharmaceutical agents, and physical therapy are employed to minimize and repair damage done to the nervous system. The majority of motor and sensory recovery occurs during the first 12 to 15 weeks after the injury. Acupuncture has shown promising results in mediating neural plasticity and could be a useful treatment modality in hospital and rehabilitation settings. This case presents the treatment of an acute spinal cord injury, level T5, incomplete, with scalp acupuncture both within and beyond the optimal recovery window. The treatments given within the optimal window seemed to facilitate better restoration of nervous system communication when performing specific action.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.01.002
  • Assessing the Links Between Anthropometrics Data and Akabane Test Results

    • Authors: Valery Muzhikov; Elena Vershinina; Vadim Belenky; Ruslan Muzhikov
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 January 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Valery Muzhikov, Elena Vershinina, Vadim Belenky, Ruslan Muzhikov
      According to popular belief, metabolic disorders and imbalances are one of the main factors contributing to various human illnesses. Early diagnosis of these disorders is one of the main methods for preventing serious diseases. The goal of this study was to assess the correlations between main physical indicators and the activity of certain acupuncture channels using the thermal Akabane test based on ancient Chinese diagnostic methods. This test measures the pain thresholds' temperature sensitivity when a point source of heat is applied to the “entrance–exit” points of each channel. The skin temperature sensitivity in our bodies is a basic reactive system; it is as significant as such important indicators as body temperature and provides a very clear representation of functional and psychophysiological profiles. On the basis of our statistical study, we revealed reliable correspondence between the activity of certain acupuncture channels and main anthropometric and biometric data.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.01.001
  • Kinesio Taping Associated with Acupuncture in the Treatment of the Paretic
           Upper Limb After Stroke

    • Authors: Moisés Schabarum Dall'Agnol; Fernanda Cechetti
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 January 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Moisés Schabarum Dall'Agnol, Fernanda Cechetti
      Stroke, the leading cause of disability in adults, leads to different consequences, such as hemiparesis and loss of function in the upper limb which can impair the performance of activities of daily living. Different techniques, such as like acupuncture and Kinesio Taping (KT), have been used to ameliorate this process. However, there is no consensus on their concomitant effect on neurological patients. This study aimed to analyze the effects of acupuncture associated with KT on the upper limb of patients with chronic hemiparesis after stroke. In this clinical study, 16 subjects were divided into two intervention groups: acupuncture (ACP)—12 sessions of acupuncture—and acupuncture + Kinesio Taping (ACP-KT)—12 sessions of acupuncture plus KT. The Modified Ashworth Scale (spasticity), active goniometry [range of motion (ROM)], and the Wolf Motor Function Test (speed of movement) were used to assess the function of the affected upper limb. As a main result, both groups reduced spasticity in some studied musculature and increased ROM (p < 0.05), without intergroup difference. Moreover, there was no significant improvement concerning speed of movement in either group. Acupuncture was effective in reducing spasticity and increasing ROM of paretic upper limb after stroke, but did not contribute significantly to speed and quality of movement. KT did not show significant benefits concerning the analyzed variables.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.12.003
  • Electroacupuncture for the Treatment of Calcific Tendonitis. A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Georgios Papadopoulos; Alexandros Mavrodontidis; Antonia Liarmakopoulou; Petros Tzimas; Georgios Angelidakis; Panagiotis Koulouvaris; Anastasios Petrou
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2018
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Georgios Papadopoulos, Alexandros Mavrodontidis, Antonia Liarmakopoulou, Petros Tzimas, Georgios Angelidakis, Panagiotis Koulouvaris, Anastasios Petrou
      Current treatment for calcific tendonitis consists of arm rest, antiinflammatory medications, and corticosteroid injections. If unsuccessful, a lot of clinicians suggest several physiotherapy modalities, such as shockwave therapy and electrotherapy. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of electroacupuncture, as a substitute for failed medical treatment in calcific tendonitis. In a pilot study, we prospectively followed 10 patients treated with electroacupuncture for calcific tendonitis who failed to respond to medical treatment. Its efficacy was assessed by evaluating the level of pain, the Beck Depression Inventory, the range of active elbow mobility, and by repeated radiological evaluation of the course of calcific deposits. All clinical and radiological observations were recorded before and within 6 months after the onset of treatment. After electroacupuncture treatment (2 Hz, 180 mA for 30–60 seconds at GB21, GB34, LI4, LI 14, LI15, TW5, TW14, Chien Chien SI9, SI12, S37, S38), the visual analog score decreased notably, and the range of motion returned to normal. Radiological evaluation demonstrated almost complete absorption of calcific deposits within 6 months, after treatment. We conclude that electroacupuncture relieved skeletal pain, improved the quality of patient's life, and contributed to total regression of the calcific depositions in followed patients. So, electroacupuncture may be a valuable treatment option for calcific tendonitis, when medical treatment fails to relieve symptoms.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T21:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.12.004
  • The acupuncture therapeutic approach in temporal arteritis vasculitis: A
           case report

    • Authors: Sezgin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yılmaz Sezgin
      Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis that involves the large and medium-diameter arteries and leads to progressive headache. Symptoms may be accompanied by vision disorder, subfebrile temperature, fatigue, lack of appetite, weight loss, sweating and joint pains. While cortisone therapy reduces the symptoms, its effects in terms of improving quality of life are limited. We elected to benefit from the effects of acupuncture in order to reduce symptoms and increase quality of life in a case of temporal arteritis, a chronic disease. A 75-year-old woman presented with pain on both sides of the head. The pain occurred in the form of agonizing attacks 2-3 times a week. Accompanying neck pain was present, together with continuous lethargy and fatigue. Physical examination revealed decreased cutaneous elasticity and muscle mass, and a depressive mood state was present. The patient was first administered six sessions of acupuncture therapy directed toward the migraine etiology. When no response was achieved, we investigated temporal and parietal region points associated with headache in the literature. Points GB1,8,18, ST8, SI19 and BL8 were added to the treatment. A decrease in the pain attacks and their frequency occurred following acupuncture therapy. In conclusion, while cortisone is the first preference in the treatment of temporal arteritis, we think that acupuncture aimed at the cause of accompanying symptoms can also be useful.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • The Effect of Auricular and Systemic Acupuncture on the Electromyographic
           Activity of the Trapezius Muscle with Trigger Points—A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Patrícia Silva de Camargo; Carla Rigo Lima; Maria Luiza de Andrade E Rezende; Adriana Teresa Silva; João Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez; Andréia Maria Silva
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Patrícia Silva de Camargo, Carla Rigo Lima, Maria Luiza de Andrade E Rezende, Adriana Teresa Silva, João Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez, Andréia Maria Silva

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.003
  • Patterns of Energy Imbalance of the Meridians in Patients with
           Temporomandibular Dysfunction

    • Authors: Vera L. Rasera Zotelli; Cássia M. Grillo; Maria L. Bressiani Gil; Ronaldo S. Wada; Jorge E. Sato; Maria da Luz R. de Sousa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Vera L. Rasera Zotelli, Cássia M. Grillo, Maria L. Bressiani Gil, Ronaldo S. Wada, Jorge E. Sato, Maria da Luz R. de Sousa
      Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is a set of changes that affects the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joint, teeth, and associated periodontal and orofacial structures. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the imbalance of energy (Qi) circulating in the acupuncture meridians is always the primary etiologic cause of any physical manifestation. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of Qi imbalance in patients with TMD by means of an objective measurement. The clinical study was conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. We evaluated 40 adult volunteers with TMD. The Qi measurement was carried out by the researcher using the Ryodoraku method using 24 points representing the 12 acupuncture meridians: LU9 (Taiyuan), PC7 (Daling), HT7 (Shemen), SI5 (Yanggu), TE4 (Yangchi), LI5 (Yangxi), SP3 (Taibai), LR3 (Taichong), KI3 (Taixi), BL64 (Jinggu), GB40 (Qiuxu), and ST42 (Chongyang). The average total Qi of 40 volunteers (21.7 μA ± 1.5), was below the normal range (40–60 μA) and was classified as deficiency of Qi (empty). The coupled meridians that showed the highest Qi imbalance were the kidney (29.4 μA ± 2.8) and bladder (13.8 μA ± 1). The Qi planes with greatest imbalance were the Shao Yang and Shao Yin. In conclusion, volunteers with TMD presented a pattern of Qi deficiency, and the most prevalent imbalance patterns identified were in the kidney and bladder coupled meridians and in the energetic planes Shao Yin (heart/kidney) and Shao Yang (triple energizer/gall bladder).

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.002
  • Editorial Board - FM1

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
  • Smoking Disturbs the Intrinsic Tendencies of Autonomic Nervous System
           Reflected in the Bioelectric Potential at 12 Alarm Points: A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Il-Gu Kim; Hyun-Jin Lee; Sae-Min Park; Yun-Kyoung Yim
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Il-Gu Kim, Hyun-Jin Lee, Sae-Min Park, Yun-Kyoung Yim
      Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of smoking on the bioelectrical potential (BEP) at 12 alarm points. Methods A crossover study was conducted on 17 normal adult male smokers. The BEP was measured at 12 alarm points both before and after breathing through a filter (control) and smoking. Results The participants were classified into three subtypes according to the way in which their BEP changed after having breathed through a filter: increasing, decreasing, and irregular types. Compared with breathing through a filter, smoking decreased the BEP in the increasing type, whereas it increased the BEP in the decreasing type. No significant changes were observed in the irregular-type participants. Conclusions This study suggests that smoking increases sympathetic activity in smokers with a parasympathetic tendency, whereas it lessens sympathetic activity in smokers with a sympathetic tendency. Smoking does this by eliminating the intrinsic tendency of the autonomic nervous system, and these effects can be observed in the BEP at 12 alarm points.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T13:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.001
  • A curious oversight in acupuncture research

    • Authors: Fletcher Kovich
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Fletcher Kovich
      Common phenomena central to acupuncture have been overlooked by previous hypotheses on how acupuncture works, with the result that the hypotheses are unable to account for acupuncture’s effects. This article describes the main features overlooked and suggests how these might be investigated in future acupuncture research.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.10.004
  • Simulation In Cupping Training: An Innovation Method

    • Authors: Tamer Aboushanab; Saud M. AlSanad
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Tamer Aboushanab, Saud M. AlSanad

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.10.003
  • Being adaptive to pain enhances sham acupuncture analgesia: a cross-over
           healthy human study

    • Authors: Zhen Zheng; Dawn Wong Lit Wan Lars Arendt-Nielsen Dong Yuan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Zhen Zheng, Dawn Wong Lit Wan, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Dong Yuan Yao, Genevieve Iversen, Charlie Changli Xue, Kelun Wang

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
  • Comparison of Acupuncture with Ibuprofen for Pain Management in Patients
           with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical

    • Authors: Haneesh Murugesan; Sujatha Venkatappan; Senthil Kumar Renganathan; Srinivasan Narasimhan; Mahalaxmi Sekar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil K. Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
      Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I—classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II—sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III—sham acupuncture with ibuprofen. Before commencement of the experiment, initial pain assessment was done using a HP-VAS scale. Treatment was done by first operator, while pain assessment was done by the second operator who was blinded to the procedure performed. Acupuncture needles were inserted for 15–20 minutes at acupoints for classical acupuncture and at nonacupoints for sham acupuncture. Posttreatment pain assessment was carried out at 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes intervals. Follow-up analysis was recorded at 12, 24, and 48 hours using VAS verbal scale. The mean final HP VAS values for Group I showed statistically significant lower pain values when compared with groups II and III (p < 0.05), with no significant difference between groups II and III. Follow-up analysis showed Group I with higher percentage of no pain, which was statistically significant when compared with other two groups. It can be concluded that classical acupuncture is more effective in pain relief (faster and prolonged) than analgesics.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.09.002
  • Recommended Articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 10, Issue 5

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T03:19:35Z
  • Acupuncture Effect On Pain, Mouth Opening Limitation And On The Energy
           Meridians In Patients With Temporomandibular Dysfunction: A Randomized
           Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli; Cássia Maria Grillo; Maria Lúcia Bressiani Gil; Ronaldo Seichi Wada; Jorge Eiji Sato; Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli, Cássia Maria Grillo, Maria Lúcia Bressiani Gil, Ronaldo Seichi Wada, Jorge Eiji Sato, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
      Temporomandibular disorders (TMD), recognized as the most common conditions of chronic orofacial pain, have a multifactorial etiology. Acupuncture can help to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with these conditions, since it can rebalance the energy (Qi) circulating in the meridians. The aim of the study was to verify the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating the pain; mouth opening limitation, and energy circulating in the meridians of patients with TMD of muscular or mixed origin. This was a controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical trial conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba - SP - Brazil. The Treatment Group received acupuncture with real penetration of the needle, and the Placebo Group received a sham treatment without needle penetration. The acupoints used were: ST6, ST7, SI18, GV20, GB20, BL10 and LI4, during treatment performed for 4 weekly sessions. The TMD and mouth opening were evaluated according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC). The measurements of the energy at the meridians were performed by Ryodoraku method, before and after acupuncture in all of the sessions in both groups. The results showed no decrease in pain in the Treatment Group when compared with the Placebo Group (p=0.2261). There was no increase in the oral opening limit in the Treatment Group compared with the Placebo Group (p>0.05). Regarding the energy level, after acupuncture, there was a decrease in Yang energy in all sessions (p<0,05), in both groups, however, only real acupuncture was effective in maintaining the Yin energy average throughout the four sessions, with significant difference between groups (p=0.0198). In conclusion, volunteers with TMD presented a pattern of energy deficiency and the most prevalent imbalance patterns identified were in the Meridians coupled to the Kidney and Bladder, and in the Shao Yin (Heart/Kidney) and Shao Yang (Triple Energizer/Gall Bladder) Energetic Planes. The acupuncture points used were equally effective in reducing pain in both groups; increasing the unassisted mouth opening limitation without pain in the Treatment group, and were also effective in preserving the Yin energy in the Treatment group. The Yang energy decreased equally in both groups.

      PubDate: 2017-09-27T12:24:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.005
  • Laser acupuncture at GV20 improves brain damage and oxidative stress in
           animal model of focal ischemic stroke

    • Authors: Jinatta Jittiwat
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Jinatta Jittiwat
      The burden of stroke is high and continually increasing due to dramatic growth in the world’s elderly population. Novel therapeutic strategies are therefore required. The present study sought to determine the effect of laser acupuncture at GV20 on brain damage, oxidative status markers in the cerebral cortex and superoxide dismutase in mitochondria in an animal model of focal ischemic stroke. Wistar rats, weighing 300-350 g, were divided into the following 4 groups: (a) control, (b) permanent occlusion of right middle cerebral artery (Rt.MCAO) alone, (c) Rt.MACO plus sham laser acupuncture and (d) Rt.MCAO plus laser acupuncture groups. Sham laser acupuncture or laser acupuncture was performed once daily at the GV20 (Baihui) acupoint for 14 days following Rt. MCAO. Half of the rats in each group were examined by TTC staining to determine brain infarcted volume, while the other half were examined by biochemical assays to determine malondialdehyde (MDA) level, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the brain cortex mitochondria. The results showed that laser acupuncture at GV20 significantly decreased brain infarction volume and MDA level and increased CAT, GSH-Px and SOD activities in cerebral ischemic rats. In conclusion, laser acupuncture at GV20 decreases brain infarction volume in cerebral ischemic rats, at least in part due to decreased oxidative stress. Further study is warranted to investigate other possible underlying mechanisms.

      PubDate: 2017-09-09T12:10:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.003
  • Antidepressant Effects of Pharmacopuncture on Behavior and Brain-derived
           Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Expression in Chronic Stress Model of Mice

    • Authors: Yunna Kim; Hwa-Young Lee; Seung-Hun Cho
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yunna Kim, Hwa-Young Lee, Seung-Hun Cho
      Objectives The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect of the traditional Korean medical pharmacopuncture, Liver Qi Depression(HJ11), in a mouse model of depression induced by exposure to chronic immobilization stress(CIS). Methods Mice were subjected to two hours of immobilization stress daily for 14 days. They were also injected with distilled water(CIS+DW) or HJ11 at the acupoints HT7, SP6, and GV20(CIS+HJ11) an hour before stress. The positive control group(CIS+paroxetine) was intraperitoneally injected with paroxetine(10 mg/kg, 14 days). The tail suspension test(TST) and the forced swimming test(FST) were performed to assess depression-like behaviors. Western blotting was also conducted to seek the change in brain. Results CIS+DW mice showed significantly longer immobile time in the TST and FST than sham mice that did not go through daily restraint. Immobility of CIS+HJ11 and that of CIS+paroxetine mice were significantly decreased compared with immobility of CIS+DW mice. Immunoblotting showed that HJ11 increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) both in hippocampus and in amygdala. Conclusion HJ11 improves depressive-like behaviors in stress-induced mouse model of depression, and the results indicate that neuroprotective effect of HJ11 identified by BDNF expression may play a critical role in its antidepressant effect.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.007
  • Evaluation of Acupuncture in the treatment of restless legs syndrome: A
           Randomized Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Gholamreza Raissi; Bijan Forogh; Tannaz Ahadi; Samaneh Ghahramanpoori; Pouya Ghaboussi; Simin Sajadi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Gholamreza Raissi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Samaneh Ghahramanpoori, Pouya Ghaboussi, Simin Sajadi
      The aim of this study was to examine the additive effect of medical acupuncture on controlling the symptoms of restless legs syndrome. 46 randomly allocated patients diagnosed with RLS, assigned to receive either 10 sessions of acupuncture plus gabapentin (300mg/day) or gabapentin (300mg/day) alone (23 patients in each group) over 4 weeks in a single blind study. The symptoms of patients were assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group rating scale (IRLSRS) and Pittsburgh sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at baseline, just after therapeutic course and 8 weeks later. For all outcome measures, there was a significant time-group interaction, showing that the behavior of groups differed regarding changes in VAS, IRLSRS and PSQI in the favor of experimental group. After therapeutic course termination and in 8 weeks follow up, VAS and IRLSRS had a significant improvement in both experimental and control group but PSQI improved significantly just in experimental group. Based on the findings of the present study, acupuncture plus low dose of gabapentin (300mg/day) is clinically useful in the treatment of restless legs syndrome during 8 weeks follow up and also have additive therapeutic effect over gabapentin alone in patients with RLS.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.004
  • Studying Hardness Meter Spring Strength to Understand Hardness
           Distribution on Body Surfaces

    • Authors: Yoshitaka Arima
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yoshitaka Arima
      Introduction For developing a hardness multipoint measurement system for understanding hardness distribution on biological body surfaces, we investigated the spring strength of the contact portion main axis of a biological tissue hardness meter. Methods We measured the hardness of three-layered sheets of six types of gel sheets (90 mm × 60 mm × 6 mm) constituting the acupuncture practice pads, with PEK measurements of 1.96 N, 2.94 N, 3.92 N, 4.90 N, 5.88 N, 6.86 N, 7.84 N, 8.82 N, and 9.81 N of the main axis spring strength. We obtained measurements 10 times for the gel sheets and simultaneously measured the load using a digital scale. We measured the hardness distribution of induration embedded and breast cancer palpation models, with a main axis with 1.96 N, 4.90 N, and 9.81 N spring strengths, to create a two-dimensional Contour Fill Chart. Results Using 4.90 N spring strength, we could obtain measurement loads of ≤3.0 N, and the mean hardness was 5.14 mm. This was close to the median of the total measurement range 0.0–10.0 mm, making the measurement range the largest for this spring strength. We could image the induration of the induration-embedded model regardless of the spring strength. Conclusion Overall, 4.90 N spring strength was best suited for imaging cancer in the breast cancer palpation model.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.001
  • Comparison of Point Placement by Veterinary Professionals with Different
           Levels of Acupuncture Training in a Canine Cadaver Model

    • Authors: Toni Yang; Justin Shmalberg; Lindsay Hochman; Erin Miscioscia; Meghan Brumby; Kelsey McKenna; Amber Roth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 August 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Toni Yang, Justin Shmalberg, Lindsay Hochman, Erin Miscioscia, Meghan Brumby, Kelsey McKenna, Amber Roth
      Veterinary acupuncture is becoming increasingly implemented for various disease processes, with growing numbers of veterinarians pursuing advanced training to meet the rising demand for this relatively new intervention. Accurate acupoint placement remains challenging, with individual practitioners relying on varying methods of point identification, often compounded by the transpositional nature of points for companion animals. The aim of this study was to assess for differences in acupuncture needle placement of select points between veterinary professionals with three different levels of acupuncture training in an academic teaching environment. Seven participants placed a total of six acupoints on a canine cadaver. Digital radiography was used to document each participant's point placement. Each participant's point location was then compared to a control “correct” point, and the distance between the two points was measured. A significant difference in placement accuracy was identified between the participants when grouped by training level (p = 0.03). These results indicate that veterinary patients receiving acupuncture treatment from veterinarians with different levels of training may subsequently experience varying effects, although further studies are warranted on more specific acupoint description as well as the clinical implications of needle placement accuracy.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T12:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.002
  • Effect Of Low Level Laser Therapy On P6 Acupoint To Control Gag Reflex In
           Children: A Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Himani Goel; Shivani Mathur; Meera Sandhu; Pulkit Jhingan; Vinod Sachdev
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Himani Goel, Shivani Mathur, Meera Sandhu, Pulkit Jhingan, Vinod Sachdev

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T11:44:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.07.002
  • Immediate Effect of Needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) Acupuncture Point on
           Blood Glucose Level in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Pilot
           Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Ranjan Kumar; A. Mooventhan; N.K. Manjunath
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Ranjan Kumar, A. Mooventhan, N.K. Manjunath
      Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a major global health problem. Needling at CV-12 has reported to reduce blood glucose level in diabetic rats. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of needling at CV-12 (Zhongwan) on blood glucose level in patients with type-2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Materials and Methods Forty T2DM subjects were recruited and randomized into either the acupuncture group or the placebo control group. The participants in the acupuncture group were needled at CV-12 (4-cun above the center of the umbilicus), and those in the placebo control group were needled at a placebo point on the right side of the abdomen (1-cun beside the CV-12). For both groups, the needle was retained for 30 minutes. Assessments were performed prior to and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 16. Results Result of this study showed a significant reduction in random blood glucose level in Acupuncture group compared to its baseline. But no such significant change was observed in placebo control group. Conclusion The result of this study suggests that 30 minutes of needling at CV-12 might be useful in reducing blood glucose level in patients with T2DM.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T11:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.003
  • Effects of Acupuncture on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene Induced
           Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Mice

    • Authors: Yanchun Zhong; Xiaozhu Liu; Yinfeng Li; Huankun Liang; Jiali Li; Cuicui Chen; Kangyan Li; Xipan Liu; Shuhai Zhong; Laiqing Li; Yan Wang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yanchun Zhong, Xiaozhu Liu, Yinfeng Li, Huankun Liang, Jiali Li, Cuicui Chen, Kangyan Li, Xipan Liu, Shuhai Zhong, Laiqing Li, Yan Wang
      Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Topical corticosteroids are the first-line therapy for ACD although their significant adverse effects. Acupuncture has been widely used in the treatment of various skin diseases, but its underlying mechanism remains unrevealed. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of acupuncture treatment based on effectiveness and mechanism. BALB/c mice received 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB) application to build AD like model. Results showed that acupuncture treatment was a effective method in inhibiting inflammatory conditions, serum IgE levels, and expression of proinflammatory cytokineTh2 (IL-4, IL-6), Th2 (IL-1β,TNF-α) mRNA compared with DNCB group. Acupuncture treatment also inhibited NF-κB p65, phosphorylation of IκBα, and phosphorylation of occludin proteins expression. In addition, acupuncture treatment could improve EGF expression both in mRNA and protein levels. These results suggest that acupuncture, as an alternative therapy treatment for its no significant side effects, was effective in alleviating allergic contact dermatitis by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines and changing proteins expression.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T11:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.004
  • Laser acupuncture at HT7 improves the cerebellar disorders in valproic
           acid- rat model of autism

    • Authors: Jurairat Khongrum; Jintanaporn Wattanathorn
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Jurairat Khongrum, Jintanaporn Wattanathorn
      The novel therapeutic strategy against autism is essential due to the limited therapeutic efficacy. Based on the benefit of laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint on the neurological disorders related with oxidative stress and inflammation, its benefit on oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and GABAergic/glutamatergic imbalance in cerebellum of autism have been considered. To elucidate this issue, male rat pups were induced autistic-like condition by valproic acid (VPA) and treated with laser acupuncture at HT7 acupoint once daily between postnatal days 14-40. At the end of study, the changes of oxidative stress markers, the expressions of cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) proteins (65 and 67 kDa) together with gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) activity and density of Purkinje cell in the cerebellum were assessed. The results showed that laser acupuncture HT7 decreased oxidative stress, IL-6 expression, and GABA-T activity but increased the expressions of GAD 65 kDa together with the density of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Therefore, laser acupuncture at HT7 is the potential strategy to improve the cerebellar disorders in VPA- rat model of autism. The mechanism may occur partly via the decrease of oxidative stress status, inflammation, and the improved GABAergic function.

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.006
  • Development of a novel questionnaire for the TCM pattern diagnosis of

    • Authors: Shuai Zheng; Christine Kim; Peter Meier; David Sibbritt; Chris Zaslawski
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.002
  • Hwanglyunhaedok Pharmacopuncture (HP) versus Saline Pharmacopuncture (SP)
           on Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

    • Authors: Kee Moon Seong; Geurin Jang; Dong Woong Kim; Sungchul Kim; Bong Keun Song
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Kee Moon Seong, Geurin Jang, Dong Woong Kim, Sungchul Kim, Bong Keun Song

      PubDate: 2017-06-17T07:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.06.001
  • Electrodermal Conductance at Acupuncture Points and Asthma

    • Authors: Yiu Ming Wong
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Yiu Ming Wong

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T14:09:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.002
  • Reply to the Letter to the Editor (JAMS_2017_28, Yiu Ming Wong:
           Electrodermal Conductance at Acupuncture Points and Asthma)

    • Authors: Kuntal Ghosh; Alex Hankey; T.M. Srinivasan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2017
      Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
      Author(s): Kuntal Ghosh, Alex Hankey, T.M. Srinivasan

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T12:29:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.05.001
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