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Journal Cover Iran and the Caucasus
  [SJR: 0.126]   [H-I: 8]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1609-8498 - ISSN (Online) 1573-384X
   Published by Brill Academic Publishers Homepage  [226 journals]
  • Preliminary Material
    • Authors: Editors Iran; The Caucasus
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp i - vi
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • The Temple Tabernacle in M28/I/: An Anti-Judeo-Christian Polemic Strophe
    • Authors: Claudia Leurini
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 1 - 7The strophe M28/I/R/i/24-27/, part of a Middle Persian Manichaean abecedarian hymn published in 1995 by P. O. Skjærvø has long represented a riddle: specially the meaning of šmbyd. The proposal by Durkin-Meisterernst to understand it as ‘curtain’ allows to propose a new translation of the whole strophe, which is evidently a polemic text alluding to passages of Exodus 25 and 26, where the Tabernacle of the Temple is described.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • The Pahlavi Literature of the 9th Century and Greek Philosophy
    • Authors: Götz König
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 8 - 37Since the Hellenistic times (if not earlier) Iran participates in the philosophical development of classical Greece. In the times of the Sasanians some knowledge of Aristotelian and Neo-Platonic thinking is detectable, and treatises were written for Xosrō I by philosophers who were well acquainted with the writings of Aristotle. It was always maintained that also Sasanian Zoroastrianism was affected through these Greek-Iranian contacts. But it is remarkable that among the Zoroastrian writings of the 9th-10th centuries only two books–Dēnkard 3 and Škand Gumānīg Wīzār–seem to be substantially influenced by Aristotelian/Neo-Platonic terms and concepts. The paper deals with the question whether the Greek elements within these texts should not better be understood as the fruit of a Zoroastrian participation in the general interest of the Islamic world in Greek thinking in Abbasid Baghdad.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • The Iranian Revisited
    • Authors: Touraj Daryaee
      First page: 38
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 38 - 49This article discusses some of the Iranian evidence in relation to the idea of Indo-European Männerbund, which first was brought forth by Stig Wikander. There have been objections to Wikander’s work due to the fact that he wrote it during the rise of Fascism and the War. It is suggested that, indeed, there is more than the meager Old and Middle Iranian evidence that points out to the existence of the male unions in the Iranian world. The article specifically chooses the idea of rage among the young men, which is found not only in Old and Middle Iranian texts, but also in Persian epic and folklore up to the recent times. This rage can be seen among the Javān-mardān and in folklore for such figures as Hosein the Kord, or Gord, who exhibits archetype Männerbund traits.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • ‘Kill Me but Make Me Beautiful’: Harm and Agency in Female Beauty
           Practices in Contemporary Iran
    • Authors: Ladan Rahbari; Susan Dierickx, Chia Longman Gily Coene
      First page: 50
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 50 - 60In this paper, drawing on notions, such as harmful cultural practices and beauty, and based on semi-structured interviews with young female university students in Iran, perceptions and experiences on beauty practices and cosmetic surgery are studied. We show how despite existing criticism of the gendered aspects of beauty practices among Iranian women who practice them, they are still practiced on a large scale. In contemporary Iran, the female body as a contested space for expression of social capital is under influence by the globalized beauty standards that predominantly rely on Western beauty ideals. This article explores beauty practices and positions them in the religious and political discourses of body and corporality in contemporary Iran. This empirical study reveal that despite the popularity of particular practices in Iran, especially nose jobs, beauty is not perceived as a common good but as a necessary evil by young Iranian women. We discuss how beauty is perceived, articulated, practiced and potentially resisted by young women in Iran.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • Khinalug in its Genetic Context: Some Methodological Considerations. Part
           1: The Problem, Loans and Cognates
    • Authors: Wolfgang Schulze
      First page: 61
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 61 - 79Khinalug, a minority language spoken by some 1,500 people mainly in the village of Khinalug in the Quba district of Azerbaijan Republic, is generally regarded as the most divergent East Caucasian language. Its exact genealogical place within the group of around 30 East Caucasian languages has been debated since long. Still, at least some of the relevant contributions to this debate, ground their arguments in a rather small piece of evidence, usually taken from a handful of assumed lexical correspondences and typological analogies. In the present paper, I discuss some methodological problems related to the enterprise of determining the place of Khinalug among the East Caucasian languages, addressing both selected lexical and grammatical features. I also include some sociolinguistic features that are crucial to the discussion. As an alternative to the current hypotheses, I suggest to consider the possibility that Khinalug is not an East Caucasian language from a genetic point of view, but a non-East Caucasian language that has become “Caucasianised” over times. In the first part of my paper I will focus on some general issues and on the lexicon.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • From Iranism to Pan-Turkism: A Less-known Page of Ahmet
           Ağaoğlu’s Biography
    • Authors: Ali Kalirad
      First page: 80
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 80 - 95Ahmed Agayev, better known as Ahmet Ağaoğlu (1869-1939), has been a prominent preacher of Turkism and one of the founding fathers of the so-called Azerbaijani identity, having played also a significant role in the formation of Pan-Turkism. Ağaoğlu’s involvement in Pan-Turkist circles in the Ottoman Empire and then in the nationalist movement in Kemalist Turkey partly overshadowed some details of his earlier life. This paper examines one of the lesser-known episodes in his biography—his participation in the activities of the Iranian revolutionaries in Istanbul and his collaboration with their Persian organ, Sorush (Sorūš) in 1909-1910 in Istanbul. Ironically, positioning himself in his Persian writings in Sorush as an avid follower of Iranian nationalism, Ağaoğlu began soon to propound in the Ottoman press the idea of “the Turks of Iran”, actively promoting Turkism and Pan-Turkist views on the ethnic background of the South Caucasian Muslims and the population of the northwestern areas of Iran. Ahmet Ağaoğlu’s writings in Istanbul in 1909 and 1910 shed some light on the genesis of a modern ethnic identity, which was later labelled as “Azerbaijani”.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • “Zoroaster was a Kurd!”: Neo-Zoroastrianism among the Iraqi
    • Authors: Edith Szanto
      First page: 96
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 96 - 110Disgusted with ISIS, some Kurds turned away from Islam following the fall of Mosul in 2014. Many became atheists, while others sought comfort in Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism, according to converts, was the “original” religion of the Kurds before they embraced Islam. In 2015, two Zoroastrian centers opened in Sulaimani, both of which are recognized by the Kurdish Regional Government in northern Iraq. Notably, neither has tried to recreate Zoroastrianism the way it is currently and has been historically practiced in Iran and South Asia. Instead, they have created their own versions of Zoroastrianism, which is nationalist, postmodern, and liberal. Kurdish Zoroastrians argue that the reason Kurds are “backward” is Islam. They seek to rectify the present situation through a Kurdish “authenticated” and “original” form of Zoroastrianism. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork at these two centers, the present article examines this new religious movement in Sulaimani, an important city in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq. It analyses the rise and distinctiveness of Kurdish Zoroastrianism looking at how Zoroastrian Kurds articulate their views on Islam, women’s rights, human rights, and Kurdish independence.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • Chiara Barbati, (Veröffentlichungen zur Iranistik, 81), Wien: “Verlag
    • Authors: Adrian Pirtea
      First page: 111
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 111 - 115
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • Timirlan Aytberov, , Makhachkala: “Fond Duxovnoe Nasledie”,
           2015.—253 pp.
    • Authors: Przemysław Adamczewski
      First page: 116
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 116 - 118
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
  • Babak Rezvani, , Leiden-Boston: “Brill Academic Publishers”,
           2015—373 pp.
    • Authors: Valery Tishkov
      First page: 119
      Abstract: Source: Volume 22, Issue 01, pp 119 - 121
      PubDate: 2018-03-30T00:00:00Z
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