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EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.237
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1550-8307 - ISSN (Online) 1878-7541
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3168 journals]
  • Real Magic, Dean Radin. Harmony Books (2018), A book by, ISBN:
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Victor S. Sierpina
  • Acupuncture and Related Interventions for the Treatment of Symptoms
           Associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Summary of a Cochrane review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): L. Susan Wieland
  • What Is It About Nurses' A physician's Tribute
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Larry Dossey
  • Lessons Learned and Strategies for Recruitment of Diverse, Low-income
           Patients into an Integrative Medical Group Visit Clinical Trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Paula Gardiner, Anna Sophia Lestoquoy, N. Lily Negash, Man Luo, Katherine Gergen-Barnett, Robert Saper, Brian Penti, Laura F. White, Jane M. LiebschutzAbstractObjectiveDescription of recruitment methods and lessons learned in a randomized controlled trial of underserved patients using an integrative medical group medical visits intervention.MethodsComparison of the demographic characteristics of participants screened and consented to the study as well as description of recruitment methods used.Outcome MeasuresThis paper examines the characteristics of patients who were eligible compared to those who were not, characteristics of patients at the different sites, patient characteristics by site, and patient characteristics over time (by comparing various cohorts) based on our experiences recruiting underserved patients.ResultsWe screened 338 patients, with 205 (60.6%) meeting eligibility criteria and 159 patients randomized and consented. 133 patients were found ineligible, with the most common reasons being manic symptoms (n=20), psychotic symptoms (n=19) and alcohol use (n=15). We found demographic differences in patients recruited by different methods and at different sites- patients referred by provider letter were older than those referred by self-referral or provider referral (mean age/SD vs. mean age/SD, p=0.0001). For site-specific differences, patients at DH were older (53 SD=12.3) than those at the Boston Medical Center (49 SD=11.3) and CSHC (p=0.048) in pair-wise comparisons. Patients at DH were also more likely to be white (25%) as compared to BMC (18%) and DH (7%), while those at CSHC were more likely to be black (70%) (p=0.008).
  • Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information
           Reception in Mediums: A Preliminary Exploration
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Julie Beischel, Shawn Tassone, Mark BoccuzziContextModern research with mediums—individuals who regularly experience and report communication from the deceased—includes investigations of mediums’ accuracy, psychology, phenomenology, and electrophysiology and the therapeutic potential of mediumship readings for the bereaved. Anecdotal reports imply that chronic medical problems may be a serious concern for mediums.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was two-fold: (I) to systematically investigate the hematological and psychophysiological correlates of anomalous information reception (AIR, the reporting of accurate and specific information about the deceased in the absence of prior knowledge, feedback, or deceptive means) and (II) to compare the reported health issues of mediums and non-mediums.Design(I) A repeated-measures design in which mediums engaged in blinded mediumship readings and a control condition was used. (II) A parallel-groups design was used to compare mediums’ and non-mediums’ responses to an anonymous online survey regarding their health issues.Participants(I) Data was collected from five Windbridge Certified Research Mediums. (II) Survey responses from 125 mediums were compared to responses from 222 non-mediums.Main Outcome Measures(I) General physiological measures and 28 hematological elements were assessed. (II) Reports regarding autoimmune disease diagnoses and specific ailments by organ system were collected.ResultsNovel findings from this study included the following: (I) No significant hematological or physiological changes were seen in the mediums when pre- and post-condition comparisons were made for the counter-balanced sessions. (II) Compared to non-mediums, more mediums reported having at least one autoimmune disease (35.2% vs. 18.9%; p = 0.00076; z = 3.37; h = 0.4). Mediums also reported experiencing more health issues than did non-mediums (8.08 ± 5.38 vs. 5.09 ± 4.17 symptoms; p 
  • Workplace Spirituality and Subjective Happiness Among High School
           Teachers: Gratitude As A Moderator
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Manju Mahipalan, Sheena SBackground and ObjectiveSpirituality and well-being are two constructs related to optimal levels of human functioning. This study attempts to link the concept of spirituality at work and subjective happiness, which is a facet of well-being. The role of grateful disposition is also examined by incorporating gratitude as a moderatorMethodData were collected using a structured questionnaire from high school teachers working with government schools in the southern region of India. Hypothesised relationships were tested using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM)ResultsResults reveal significant relationships between workplace spirituality, subjective happiness, and gratitude. Gratitude was also found to be a significant moderator, which exercised a positive influence on the workplace spirituality-happiness relationship.ConclusionThe study has contributed to the evolving literature on workplace spirituality by elucidating its relationship with positive psychology. Workplace spirituality could play a significant role in building substantial happiness for individuals in the long run.
  • Mesmer Reconsidered: From Animal Magnetism to the Biofield
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Eric Leskowitz
  • Impressions of Shanghai
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Stephan A. Schwartz
  • Announcement for Special Issue on “Perspectives on Pain”
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Susie Demarinis
  • Musings on Patient Care and Polarization After JAMA Oncology's Erroneous
           Report That Complementary Medicine Kills
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): John Weeks
  • Sci-exit: The Exit of Scientists from Science
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Larry Dossey
  • Beneficial Effects of School-based Mindfulness Training On Impulsivity in
           Healthy Adolescents: Results From a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Christine Frisard, Sybil Crawford, Lori PbertBackgroundSince impulsivity is associated with unhealthy behaviors in adolescents, interventions targeting impulsivity could positively affect such behaviors. Whether integrating mindfulness training (MT) into standard school-based health education could improve impulsivity is unknown.PurposeTo obtain preliminary estimates of effect of MT integrated in standard high school health education on impulsivity.MethodsTwo high schools in Massachusetts were randomized to school-based health education plus MT (HE-MT) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). The outcome was change in impulsivity at end of treatment (EOT) and 6 months after EOT.ResultsStudents (n = 53; 30 HE-MT, 23 HE-AC) were on average 14.5 years old and 40% belonged to ethnic minorities. Compared to the control condition, HE-MT had significant effects on impulsivity at EOT (beta = −9.7; SE = 3.8, p = 0.01), while smaller, non-significant differences were seen 6 months after EOT.ConclusionThis rigorous pilot study suggests that MT could have a beneficial effect on impulsivity in adolescents. Improvements in impulsivity could have important implications should future larger studies show that such improvements result in healthier behaviors.
  • Masthead page
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s):
  • Canephron® N (BNO 1045) may be Non-inferior to Single-dose Fosfomycin in
           Reducing the Need for Additional Antibiotics to Treat Women with
           Presumptive Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Daniel A. Ostrovsky, Alan Ehrlich
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acid Addition During Pregnancy: Summary of a Cochrane Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): L. Susan Wieland
  • Feeling Loved: A Novel Brief Self-Report Health Measure
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Bruce Barrett, Daniel Muller, Supriya Hayer, Tola Ewers, Joseph Chase, Jodi H. Barnet, Roger BrownContextThere is need for a short validated self-report instrument for assessing the feeling of being loved. The Feeling Loved instrument asks: “Do you feel loved'” and “How loved do you feel'” as well as “Do you love yourself'” and “How much do you love yourself'” with 100 mm visual analogue scales assessing the continuous response options.ObjectiveTo assess convergent and discriminant validity and to explore psychometric structure for this novel self-report measure.DesignConvergent validity comparators include: general mental health, perceived social support, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and positive/negative emotion. Discriminant validity comparators include: gender, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and body mass index. Latent class analysis techniques explore psychometric structure.SettingBaseline evaluation for a randomized controlled trial.ParticipantsCommunity-recruited adults in Madison, Wisconsin.InterventionThis validation study is based on pre-intervention data.Main outcome measuresStrength of correlation with comparators is used to assess convergence and discrimination. Goodness-of-fit indicators assess latent class models.ResultsOf n = 412 respondents, 92% answered positively to both Yes/No questions, and 59% self-rated ≥75/100 on both 0-to-100 VAS scales. Supporting convergent validity, highly significant (p < 0.001) Spearman's rho=ρ correlations of a summed Feeling Loved score were: mental health (ρ = 0.49); social support (ρ = 0.46); perceived stress (ρ = –0.46), depressive symptoms (ρ = –0.31), and both positive (ρ = 0.50) and negative (ρ = –0.43) emotion. Significant associations were also found for personality indicators. Supporting discriminant validity, Feeling Loved scores did not correlate significantly with physical health (ρ = –0.08), body mass index (ρ = 0.01), age (ρ = 0.06), or income (ρ = 0.07) (p values all ≥ 0.12). Latent class analysis models suggested a 3-class structure, with strong goodness-of-fit indicators.
  • The Efficacy and Safety of Korean Herbal Medicine in a Patient with
           Endometrioma of The Ovary: A Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Kyoung Sun ParkObjectiveThe objective of our study is to report our experience of treatment of a patient with endometrioma who was diagnosed with blood deficiency and blood stasis.MethodsA 36-years-old Korean woman diagnosed with endometrioma of the right ovary complained of pelvic pain around the menstrual periods, vaginal discharge, and swelling and itching of the pudenda. The patient was administered the modified Gyejibokryeong-hwan (GBH) and the Bogol-gongjin-dan (BGD) for 6 months.ResultsAfter treatment, the size of the endometrioma in the right ovary was reduced to 17 × 11 × 10  mm from 25 × 21 × 17  mm before treatment. The level of CA 125 decreased from 47.2 U/ml at baseline to 34.3 U/ml after treatment. The level of CA 125 after treatment was within normal range. After treatment, the pelvic pain around the menstrual periods (VAS 7→1), vaginal discharge (VAS 4→1), and swelling and itching of the pudenda (VAS 5→2) decreased from the baseline values.ConclusionHerbal medicine is a potential alternative therapy for patients with endometrioma of the ovary. Further studies, including case-control studies and RCTs based on an international standard and higher methodological quality, are needed.
  • Effect of Short-Term Interval Exercise Training on Fatigue, Depression,
           and Fitness in Normal Weight vs. Overweight Person With Multiple Sclerosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 2Author(s): Raoof Negaresh, Robert Motl, Motahare Mokhtarzade, Rouholah Ranjbar, Nastaran Majdinasab, Mostafa Khodadoost, Philipp Zimmer, Julien S. Baker, Darpan PatelContextExcessive weight is a health problem that can exacerbate multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms and its associated comorbidities such as depression and fatigue. In addition, weight may be a moderator of exercise effects on depression and fatigue symptoms.ObjectiveThis study aimed to investigate the effects of exercise training on fatigue and depression in normal and overweight individuals with MS.MethodsSixty-six persons with MS were randomly assigned into an exercise or control condition based on body weight status (overweight vs. normal weight). The exercise conditions involved 8-weeks of interval exercise at 60%–75% Wattpeak, while the control condition did not involve any exercise. Fatigue, depression, aerobic capacity, time up and go (TUG) and body mass index were measured before and following the 8-week period.ResultsThere were no significant relationship's revealed for weight status interactions for any of the variables examined. There were significant condition main effects for fatigue, depression, aerobic capacity and TUG, and significant improvements were noted for the exercise conditions, but not in the non-exercising control group.ConclusionThe results from this study confirm that exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention for improving fatigue, depression and functional parameters, independent of initial weight status, in persons with MS.
  • Nurses Outpace Other Professions for Honesty and Ethics Again
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Susie Demarinis
  • Naturopathy and Yoga as an Adjuvant for People Living with HIV/AIDS- A
           Case Series Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Dr. Pradeep M.K. NairAbstractHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that poses a great threat to both developed and developing countries. Health facilities offering complementary care, along with standard care, have been considered as a useful strategy to overcome the burden of HIV and promote quality and wellbeing among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). In this report, we make reference toseven participants diagnosed with HIV, who underwent naturopathy and yoga based lifestyle intervention (NYLI), for varying durations, at a sanatorium for PLWHA. The cases suggest that NYLI functions as an adjuvant therapy that complements standard care, improves adherence and promotes health-related outcomes in HIV affiliated clinical markers, such as haemoglobin, weight and CD4+ counts. However, further controlled trials are required to establish warranting evidence.
  • The Biological Measurements of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: A
           Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 January 2019Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Carol ReiveBackgroundChronic Stress disrupts homeostasis, resulting in adverse physiologic and psychologic sequela. Research on the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) have primarily used self-report measures or biological measurements of a single body system. There has been no attempt to synthesize the literature of the biological measurements of MBSR.ObjectiveThe objectives of this systematic review were to: (1) identify the biological markers of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and (2) determine if the identified markers support the theories of allostasis and top-down, bottom-up processes.Data sourcesSeven databases, Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Psychinfo, Cochrane database, CINAHL, Medline/Web of Science and OVID from 1985 to May 2018 were searched for relevant studies.Study selectionMindfulness-based stress reduction studies were selected that used biomarkers or neuroimaging in adult clinical and non-clinical populations. Excluded studies were conference papers, abstracts, studies with no biological measurements, other mindfulness interventions, editorial articles, and feasibility studiesData extractionSixty-seven studies from 11 articles were reviewed. Fifteen biological measurements were identified including autonomic, immune, inflammatory and neurobiological markersData synthesis and conclusionsThe identified biological markers demonstrate preliminary support for the theories of allostasis and top-down, bottom-up processes. Recommendations for future research are discussed.
  • Water, Wine and the Sacred, an Anthropological View of Substances Altered
           by Intentioned Awareness, Including Objective and Aesthetic Effects
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Stephan A. SchwartzThis paper discusses the ancient anthropological linkage of water and wine with sacred rituals after these substances have been the focus of nonlocal perturbation. The paper reports the changes produced can be both physical, as well as a subjective aesthetic reaction arising when individuals have a sensorial interaction with such treated substances. In making this argument the paper presents and discusses research done by others, as well as the author including reporting the results of a 12 part series of experiments in which groups of seven people tasted wine from one 750 ml bottle that had been decanted into two identical 375 ml carafes. The histories of the carafes were the same except that one, before the tasting, had been the focus of intentioned awareness by meditators, while the other was a control. Twelve sessions were conducted, 11 resulted in a majority preferring the treated wine, and one resulted in a tie. Using an exact binomial test, the p-value is (0.5)11=12048=0.00049. Therefore, with 95% confidence we can say that the probability that a majority would prefer the treated wine is at least 0.76. The paper in its conclusion discusses the implications of the totality of this research.
  • Life, Death, and Financial Inequality
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Stephan A. Schwartz
  • Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Found to Have No Effect on Healthy Life Span in
           Older People
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Susie Demarinis
  • Deaths of Despair
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Larry Dossey
  • Masthead page
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s):
  • Psychological Interventions for Needle-Related Procedural Pain and
           Distress in Children and Adolescents: Summary of a Cochrane Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): L. Susan Wieland
  • Bee Venom Acupuncture in Addition to Anti-Parkinsonian Medications may
           Improve Activities of Daily Living and Motor Symptoms More Than Medication
           Alone in Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Daniel A. Ostrovsky, Alan Ehrlich
  • Leverage Points
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Bonnie J Horrigan
  • Wealth Acquisition and Hoarding Addictive Disorder: A Proposed Diagnostic
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): John C. Rhead, Marilyn F. Clark
  • Women's Ecofeminist Spirituality: Origins and Applications to
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): J. Santamaría-Dávila, L.M. Cantera-Espinosa, M. Blanco-Fernández, E. Cifre-GallegoThe aim of this paper is to theoretically explore the origins and possible psychotherapeutic applications of some neo-pagan, neo-shamanic, or psycho-spiritual women's movements that are currently spreading in Western countries. In spite of their great diversity, they are all encompassed within the term “ecofeminist spirituality.” This article analyzes their ideological, historical, and cultural origins, placing special emphasis on their psychotherapeutic role and describing the main tools and fields of application.
  • Visceral and Neural Manipulation in Children with Cerebral Palsy and
           Chronic Constipation: Five Case Reports
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Jean Anne Zollars, Margaret Armstrong, Sandra Whisler, Susan WilliamsonThe purpose of this case study series was to assess improvement in the quality of life, function, and colonic motility before and after visceral and neural manipulation in five children with cerebral palsy and chronic constipation who had Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels of IV and V. Quality of life and function were assessed using the CPCHILD and the WeeFIM respectively. The CPCHILD and WeeFIM were administered at baseline before the intervention, after the intervention, and again at least three months post intervention. Colonic motility was assessed radiographically at baseline and post-intervention utilizing ingested radiopaque markers (Sitz markers). Bowel movement number and quality were assessed through family diaries. All subjects showed some degree of improved quality of life and function on the CPCHILD and WeeFIM at the end of the intervention. Colonic motility assessed radiographically before and after treatment was not statistically significant due to the small number of participants; however, the number of bowel movements increased during the study for 100% of the participants. Visceral and neural manipulation modalities may provide clinicians and families with an alternative to medications and/or other more invasive interventions.
  • The Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Emotional Competence:
           Depression–Anxiety–Stress, Sense of Coherence, Health-Related Quality
           of Life, and Well-Being of Unemployed People in Greece: An Intervention
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Kyriakoula Merakou, Konstantinos Tsoukas, Georgios Stavrinos, Eirini Amanaki, Antonia Daleziou, Ntina Kourmousi, Georgia Stamatelopoulou, Evi Spourdalaki, Anastasia BarbouniObjectives: Assessment of the impact of Jacobson Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) on depression–anxiety–stress symptoms, sense of coherence, health-related quality of life and well-being in long-term unemployed people with anxiety disorders.Design and setting: An intervention study was conducted at a relevant Organization, in Athens, Greece.Intervention: 50 long-term unemployed individuals suffering from anxiety disorders participated in the study. Participants were separated into two groups: (a) the intervention group (30 individuals) that was trained on an 8-week on Progressive Muscle Relaxation program and also received counseling services and (b) the control group (20 individuals) that received only counseling services.Main outcome measures: Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale, Sense of Coherence, Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-being were evaluated at baseline and after the intervention.Results: Significant changes were noted in the studied variables between the two groups, with improved outcomes in the intervention group. The intervention group showed a decrease in the symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress (p 
  • Remote Viewing of Concealed Target Pictures Under Light and Dark
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Stanley Krippner, David T. Saunders, Angel Morgan, Alan QuanContextThe belief that performing a nonlocal task in darkness plays a facilitating role in remote viewing and other psi-related phenomena is well established in esoteric and traditional beliefs (Grim, 1983; Hallowell, 1942; Lyon, 2012). However, the role of darkness in RV success is unclear beyond these esoteric explanations.ObjectiveThis study explored the differential effect of darkness/light on remote viewing ability alongside the effect of time and their potential interaction.DesignFrom an initial sample of twenty, seven remote viewers contributed a total of nineteen sessions each (nine light/ten dark) which utilised randomized target selection, free-response descriptions, and ratings by both participants and an independent judge.ResultsThe usable data gave the edge to dark condition performance; the difference was not statistically significant. A statistically significant difference between remote viewer and independent judge raw scores attributed to the target image was identified (t (132) = 4.56, p
  • Testing of A Caregiver Support Team
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 1Author(s): Patricia Graham, Giovanna Zerbi, Williamd Norcross, Lori Montross-Thomas, Linda Lobbestael, Judy DavidsonContextHealthcare clinicians often endure stress over long periods of time. The burden of witnessing death and disability, complex work duties, long and irregular hours, the threat of errors, and tensions between colleagues result in emotional strain, anxiety, depression, burnout and in the worst case: suicide. The Caregiver Support Team was designed to provide emotional first aid to clinicians in the healthcare environment in the moment of need and triage those who would benefit from ongoing care.Objective/InterventionTo test the feasibility of providing a Caregiver Support Team to provide emotional first aid in the workplace. This project is an extension of our previously reported Code Lavender initiative.HypothesesAfter stressful events in the workplace, staff will provide, receive, and recommend the Caregiver Support Team to others. The Caregiver Support Team will be used and accepted by clinicians, improve Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQoL) scores, general job satisfaction and feeling cared for in the workplace.Method/SampleWe describe a pilot program. Following the completion of a Code Lavender pilot, physicians and staff on 4 hospital units provided nominations for peer supporters: someone they would trust in a time of emotional need. These peer supporters were provided 8 hours of training by a psychologist and voluntarily sought to find those in the workplace who were affected by workplace stress and provide emotional support. Feasibility data and ProQoL scores were collected at baseline and 3 months.ResultsAt baseline, 59% (n = 44) reported symptomatic stress caused by the workplace. Main causes of stress were emotional responses of patients/families, disputes with colleagues, and negative clinical outcomes. Colleagues were reported as the most frequently used source of support following workplace stress. A Caregiver Support Team intervention was received by 40% of respondents; 100% found it helpful and 100% would recommend it to others. No significant changes were demonstrated before and after the intervention in ProQoL Scores, or job satisfaction. The emotion of feeling cared-for improved. Staff spontaneously requested emotional debriefings through peer supporters. One suicide was prevented.ConclusionsThe Caregiver Support Team was positively received. The organization received budgetary support from our hospital to disseminate the program system-wide. Additional interventions are needed to overcome the root cause of workplace stressors. A formal link between Risk Management is being developed to identify cases which warrant emotional (vs. clinical only or both) debriefing/group processing.Graphical Image, graphical abstract
  • Exploring Emptiness and its Effects on Non-Attachment, Mystical
           Experiences, and Psycho-spiritual Wellbeing: A Quantitative and
           Qualitative Study of Advanced Meditators
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J. Dunn, Supakyada Sapthiang, Yasuhiro Kotera, Javier Garcia-Campayo, David SheffieldWisdom-based Buddhist-derived practices (BDPs) are concerned with transmuting suffering by cultivating insight into the ultimate nature of both the self and reality. Arguably the most important wisdom-based BDP is emptiness (Sanskrit: śūnyatā) that implies that although phenomena are perceptible to the human mind, they do not intrinsically exist. Despite its significance in Buddhism, emptiness has received little empirical attention. Advancing scientific understanding of emptiness is important as it may yield novel insights not only into the nature of mind and reality, but also in terms of helping human beings realise more of their capacity for wisdom and wellbeing. This study recruited 25 advanced Buddhist meditators and compared emptiness meditation against a mindfulness meditation control condition within the same group of participants. Qualitative analytical techniques were also employed to investigate meditators’ experiences of emptiness. Compared to the mindfulness control condition, emptiness meditation resulted in significantly greater improvements in non-attachment to self and environment, mystical experiences, compassion, positive affect, and negative affect. No significant relationship was observed between duration of emptiness meditation and any of the aforementioned outcome measures. Qualitative outcomes demonstrated that participants (i) combined concentrative and investigative meditation techniques to induce emptiness, (ii) elicited spiritually meaningful insights both during and following the meditation on emptiness, and (iii) retained volitional control over the content and duration of the emptiness meditation. Cultivating emptiness appears to be a means of reconnecting advanced Buddhist meditators to what they deem to be the innermost nature of their minds and phenomena.
  • Remote Meditation Support – A Multimodal Distant Intention
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Stefan Schmidt, Han-Gue Jo, Marc Wittmann, Wolfgang Ambach, Sebastian KübelBackgroundDistant intention research refers to experiments in which a distant interaction between two persons is assessed that precludes conventional communication. In these experiments the intention of one person is varied systematically while the effect of this variation is assessed in the remote other person.AimsOur study aimed at improving effect sizes by participant selection based on a screening test and by including experienced meditators.Method66 participants with meditation experience participated in a forced-choice psi-test as a screening test. Participants with similar performance were invited as pairs for a distant intention experiment. The task of the helpee was to focus attention on a candle and to indicate lapses in attention by pressing a button. In a within-subject design the task of the remote helper was either to assist the helpee in this effort or to engage in a distraction task. Electrodermal activity (EDA) and button presses from the helpee served as dependent variables.Results and conclusionParticipants’ performance in the psi-screening test did not exceed chance expectations. In the distant intention experiment with 30 sessions no distant intention effect could be found in the prespecified analyses. The results in the psi-screening test were not correlated with performance in the main experiment. However, we found a large negative correlation between self-reported exceptional experiences of the helper and two EDA variables, namely skin conductance level and number of non-specific skin conductance responses. This correlation, if replicated, can hardly be explained without the assumption of a distant interaction.
  • The Importance of Sharing for Humanity and its Planet
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Peter D. CooperAbstractWe know that Humanity is this century facing at least three existential tipping points: nuclear war, climate change and food/water supply (from population growth and planetary degradation). We here speculate on some related aspects of Consciousness that are not usually considered, and emphasise the importance to Humanity of the concept of Sharing.
  • Recruiting Older Men to Walking Football: A Pilot Feasibility Study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Gary McEwan, Duncan Buchan, Daryl Cowan, Rosie Arthur, Mark Sanderson, Eilidh MacraeContextWalking football (soccer) has recently emerged as a physical activity option targeted at older males to enhance health and wellbeing.DesignThis pilot study aimed to examine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining males aged 50 years and over to an 8-week walking football programme in a professional football club.InterventionParticipants were recruited via social media and assigned to an intervention group or a wait-list control group. The intervention group engaged in 1 h of walking football a week led by a community coach from the professional football club, followed by an optional social session in the club facility. Physiological and psychological outcome measures were obtained onsite at the football club facility (aiding compliance and retention) at baseline and following 8-weeks, from both groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted after the 8-week programme and 1 year later, to explore motivations for engagement and the social impact.ResultsThe opportunity to engage in football and the link to a professional football club were key attractions. All participants recruited were overweight, sedentary, exhibited blood pressures outside normal ranges, and all but two were hypertensive. Adherence to the programme was 90% over 8 weeks, and of the participants who were contacted after one year, all (n = 6) had maintained engagement in walking football. Walking football is therefore a feasible, cost-effective method of recruiting and retaining males aged 50 years and over to a physical activity programme, though attrition is to be expected.
  • Energy psychology: Efficacy, speed, mechanisms
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 November 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): David FeinsteinThe most well known forms of “energy psychology” combine cognitive and exposure techniques with the stimulation of selected acupuncture points (acupoints) by tapping on them. Most clinicians who learn and utilize an acupoint tapping protocol integrate the approach within their existing clinical frameworks rather than using it as a stand-alone therapy. The method has been highly controversial, with its efficacy, purported speed, and explanatory models all questioned. Nonetheless, its utilization within clinical settings and as a self-help method has continued to expand since it was introduced more than three decades ago. This paper reviews the most salient criticisms of the method and presents research and empirically based theoretical constructs that address them. More than 100 peer-reviewed outcome studies—51 of which are randomized controlled trials—provide an evidential base for evaluating the claims and criticisms surrounding the approach. This review concludes that a growing body of evidence indicates that acupoint-based energy psychology protocols are rapid and effective in producing beneficial outcomes in the treatment of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and possibly other conditions. Mechanisms by which acupoint tapping might bring about these treatment outcomes are also proposed.
  • Resilient to Pain: A Model of How Yoga May Decrease Interference Among
           People Experiencing Chronic Pain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Melvin DonaldsonChronic musculoskeletal pain is the leading cause of disability globally, yet for the majority of people who experience chronic pain, it does not seriously disable them or interfere with their life. People who experience severe pain yet low disability display a resilient course of pain. Yoga has been shown to decrease disability among people with pain, but it is not known how. Because even the most basic yoga practices possess many of the components thought to be important in fostering resilience, yoga is a promising means of improving resilience and clinical outcomes for people with chronic pain. A validated conceptual model of how the experience of chronic pain is affected by yoga is needed to guide a future research agenda and identify potential targets for chronic pain intervention. Ultimately, an explanatory model could guide the optimization of yoga and other non-pharmacological therapies for the treatment of chronic pain. I present a testable model.
  • The effects of grounding (earthing) on bodyworkers’ pain and overall
           quality of life: A randomized controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Gaétan Chevalier, Sheila Patel, Lizabeth Weiss, Deepak Chopra, Paul J MillsBackgroundIt is well known that massage therapists routinely develop a number of health problems related to their profession.PurposeTo determine the effects of grounding on massage therapists’ quality of life and pain. Grounding, refers to being in direct body contact with the ground, such as walking barefoot on humid soil or on grass.SettingThe Chopra Center for Well-Being in Carlsbad, California, USA.ParticipantsSixteen massage therapists (mean age 42.8 years).Research design and interventionA stepped wedge cluster design was incorporated into a 6-week double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) procedure with massage therapists assigned randomly into one of two cohorts. Therapists were not grounded for the first week, were grounded while working on clients and at home while sleeping for the next four weeks, and then ungrounded for the last week.Outcome measuresPrior to, during, and immediately following the intervention, participants completed standardized questionnaires reporting on pain, physical function, anxiety, depression, fatigue/tiredness, sleep disturbance and number of hours of sleep, number of clients worked on per working day, energy, and emotional and mental stress.ResultsAs a group, therapists experienced significant increases in physical function and energy and significant decreases in fatigue, depressed mood, tiredness and pain while grounded as compared to not being grounded. At one-month following the study, physical function was also increased and depressed mood and fatigue were decreased.ConclusionsWe observed consistent beneficial effects of grounding in domains highly relevant to massage therapists, namely pain, physical function, and mood. These findings, combined with prior results from this trial indicating improvements in inflammatory biomarkers, blood viscosity and heart rate variability (HRV), suggest that grounding is beneficial to massage therapists in multiple domains relevant to their occupation, supporting overall health and quality of life.
  • Comparison and assessment of flixweed and fig effects on irritable bowel
           syndrome with predominant constipation: A single-blind randomized clinical
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 September 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Makan Pourmasoumi, Reza Ghiasvand, Leila Darvishi, Amir Hadi, Nimah Bahreini, Ziyaaddin KeshavarzpourBackgroundIrritable bowel syndrome with predominant constipation (IBS-C) is a common digestive disorder. The current therapy is inadequate and evidence regarding the effect of herbal therapies on the relief of affected individuals is insufficient. The aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effects of flixweed and fig consumption on IBS-C symptoms.Methods150 patients with IBS-C were enrolled in this randomized, controlled trial. All patients were randomly assigned to three groups and received an intervention for four months. The IBS severity score system and quality-of-life questionnaires were used for evaluating IBS-C symptoms. C-reactive protein levels, frequency of defecation and hard stool were also assessed.ResultsConsumption of flixweed or fig, compared to a control group, caused a significant improvement in IBS symptoms including frequency of pain, distention, frequency of defecation and hard stool. Also, the findings showed a significant increase in quality of life, as well as satisfaction with overall bowel habits. However, flixweed and fig intake had no significant effects on abdominal pain severity and C-reactive protein levels.ConclusionsIn conclusion, consumption of flixweed or fig for four months would be a useful therapy for alleviating IBS-C symptoms and can be a beneficial option for first-line treatment.
  • Harnessing Electroceuticals To Treat Disorders Arising From Traumatic
           Stress: Theoretical Considerations Using A Psychosensory Model
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 September 2018Source: EXPLOREAuthor(s): Ronald A. RudenTraumatically encoded memories can last a lifetime. These memories, either by purposeful or inadvertent re-activation, cause the release of stress hormones and generate a persistent and inescapable allostatic load on the body, brain and mind. This leads to a maladaptive response, as the ability to return to pre-event homeostasis is no longer possible. The consequence of this response is that it increases risk for further traumatization and other disorders. Remarkably, recent research has shown that these memories become labile and subject to disruption upon recall. In this paper we outline conditions needed for an event to be encoded as a trauma and describe a method that abrogates the release stress hormones when cued by these memories of the event. Critical to this process is the AMPA receptor (so named for its specific agonist, AMPA, α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid, a compound that acts as glutamate, its natural substrate). It is hypothesized that traumatic encoding requires increasing the number and permanence of AMPA receptors on the lateral nucleus of the amygdala by a process called synaptic potentiation. Depotentiation, that is removal of these AMPA receptors, is required for de-encoding. We speculate that the generation of oscillatory intracellular calcium waves is necessary for this to occur. Electromagnetic fields, acting as electroceuticals, interact with voltage-gated calcium channels on depolarized post-synaptic membranes to produce these intracellular calcium oscillations of varying frequency. These oscillatory calcium waves are decoded by intracellular calmodulin which, depending on the frequency, either act to potentiate or depotentiate AMPA receptors. This article describes the theory and practical application of a psychosensory approach called Event Havening that generates an electromagnetic field to synaptically depotentiate these encoded AMPA receptors and eliminate the effects of traumatic encoding.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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