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European Journal of Cultural Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.822
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 30  
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 5 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1367-5494 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3551
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1085 journals]
  • Leninfall: The spectacle of forgetting
    • Authors: Anastasiya Pshenychnykh
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the phenomenon of Leninfall – destroying, replacing and transferring objects symbolizing the Russian Revolution in the Ukrainian material landscape in the context of the 2014 Revolution of Dignity. The symbolic gesture of physically removing the idols of 1917 from Ukrainian statue-pedestals, and clearing Ukrainian streets and maps of names related to Communism, is triggered by strategic acts to ensure one’s ideological, historical and political frame is victorious. I demonstrate how these framing acts operate through analysis of the visual and verbal representations of Leninfall in nine Ukrainian TV and film documentaries, analysed in terms of perspectives, figure and ground, metaphor and reframing. This intersemiotic approach affords an explanation of how and why groups and individuals hold particular positions about Leninfall that connect to a certain view of history and national identity. I argue first that different groups have rendered Leninfall a spectacle of forgetting; second, that the perspectives identified through the analysis of documentaries help explain why the post-2014 conflicts and transformations in Ukraine have occurred; and, third, that contrary to common assumptions in this conflicted context, political identities are not only represented as irreconcilable binaries, and that more nuanced positions are detected. The research contributes to our understanding of how positions are arrived at and negotiated both around prominent anniversaries and commemorations like 1917 and Lenin, and in conditions of societies in conflict.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-11-13T01:38:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871345
  • Regime legitimation, not nation-building: Media commemoration of the 1917
           revolutions in Russia’s neo-authoritarian state
    • Authors: Precious N Chatterje-Doody, Vera Tolz
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars predicted that official Russian commemorations of the centenary of the 1917 revolutions would prioritise ‘reconciliation and accord’ between pro- and anti-communists. Such a frame might help construct a new post-Soviet Russian identity. Yet, in 2017, state-affiliated political and media actors gave accounts that contrasted with their previous narratives and with each other. Domestic state-aligned media were unprecedentedly negative about the revolutions’ events and enduring legacies, while Russia’s international broadcaster, Russia Today, emphasised the revolutions’ positive international legacies. We explain this paradox by arguing that regimes of commemoration are directly related to political systems: in neo-authoritarian regimes such as contemporary Russia, history is not used primarily for nation-building, but to build legitimacy for the ruling regime. Referencing similar practices in other neo-authoritarian regimes, we show how state-affiliated actors selectively co-opt interpretations of historical events that circulate in the global media ecology, to ‘arrest’ the ‘memory of the multitude’. Simultaneously, they reinforce core messages that legitimise the existing government.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T07:10:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871346
  • Revolution from the margins: Commemorating 1917 and RT’s
           scandalising of the established order
    • Authors: Stephen Hutchings
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I explore what RT’s unusually open-ended project commemorating the centenary of the Russian Revolution - #1917Live – tells us about its tendentious, mainstream output. I adopt an epistemological framework locating meaning in the marginal and different rather than the normative and recurrent, treating this ‘un-RT like’ project’s components as multi-layered cultural texts to be interpreted rather than sociological data to be counted and coded. I read them through a hermeneutically inflected version of mediatisation theory. This theory’s central precept posits a fusion of media practices with those of politics and everyday life. An under-researched corollary of that precept is a short-circuiting of the ‘subject’ and ‘object’ of media representations. As well as influencing #1917Live’s emphasis on broadcaster-audience co-production, the short-circuiting effect foregrounds the modality of those representations – their truth claims and the subjectivities attached to the realities they depict. In analysing this effect, I highlight (1) #1917Live’s chronotopic intertwining of past and present; (2) its ‘event-ness’: the sense that it constitutes a news story in its own right and (3) the ludic elements modalising its commemorative narratives by according them a distinctive ironic voice which re-establishes distance between ‘subject’ and ‘object’. Linked to a late Soviet cultural phenomenon known as ‘stiob’, such features render #1917Live reflexive, carnivalesque and deeply dialogic, realigning it with RT’s disruptive mainstream output and constituting a new kind of ‘media event’. They indicate that RT’s scandalous, ‘pariah’ reputation is internalised within a fragmented institutional identity key to the entire ‘information war’ dynamic.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T07:09:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871342
  • In their shoes' Categorizing identities and creating citizens in
           refugee reality TV
    • Authors: Margriet van der Waal, Rieke Böhling
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The so-called migration crisis in Europe is not only covered by serious informative genres such as news and documentaries, but has also been the topic of entertainment genres such as reality TV. This article focuses on two cases of European ‘refugee’ reality TV in which European participants embark on a ‘reversed’ refugee journey: from the Netherlands and Germany, respectively, to war-torn countries in Africa and the Middle East. Despite the shows’ claims to fulfill an important function of educating the broader public about the hardship and plight experienced by refugees in Europe, the construction and conception of collective cultural identities in these shows warrants closer analysis. Through an interpretative textual analysis of the series, we investigate how civil belonging is mapped and constructed by the series as a range of different subject positions on refugees and civic responsibility toward refugees. This study problematizes the manner in which a plurality of voices is accommodated in contemporary European liberal democratic society and how cultural forms such as reality TV function normatively as a technology of citizenship.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T07:03:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869355
  • Bottom-up nationalism and discrimination on social media: An analysis of
           the citizenship debate about refugees in Turkey
    • Authors: Çiğdem Bozdağ
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This study analyzes social media representations of refugees in Turkey and discusses their role in shaping public opinion. The influx of millions of Syrian refugees in Turkey has created heated debates about their presence and future in the country. One of these debates was triggered by President Erdoğan’s statement that Turkey would issue citizenship rights to Syrians in July 2016. Due to a lack of critical voices about refugee issues in Turkey’s mass media sphere, social media has become a key platform for citizens to voice their opinions. Through a discourse analysis of tweets about the issue of refugees’ citizenship, I will map different perceptions of refugees in Turkey. I argue that despite contesting discourses about Syrians, the debate on social media reinforces nationalism and an ethnocentric understanding of citizenship in Turkey. As the number of refugees and migrants increases rapidly worldwide, they become the new ‘others’ of national imagined communities. Social media becomes a key communication space where the nation is discursively constructed in a bottom-up manner through manifestations of ‘us’ and ‘them’. The analysis shows that social media contributes to trivialization and normalization of discrimination and hatred against Syrian refugees through disseminating overt discourses of ‘Othering’. Social media also enables more covert forms of discrimination through ‘rationalized’ arguments that are used to justify discrimination through the basis of false/non-verified information. Thus, Twitter becomes a space for critical, bottom-up, yet nationalistic and discriminatory statements about refugees.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-10T08:26:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869354
  • The cultural politics of commemoration: Media and remembrance of the
           Russian revolutions of 1917
    • Authors: Precious N Chatterje-Doody, Marie Gillespie
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The year 2017 marked the centenary of the revolutions of February and October 1917 which led to the collapse of the Russian Empire. These events (and their accompanying mythologies) proved pivotal in creating a uniquely politicised approach to remembrances of revolution across and beyond the post-Soviet space. This special section uses the revolutions’ centenary as an entry point for reassessing the cultural politics of commemoration. In particular, it draws attention to the transformations in memory work brought about by an increasingly integrated global media environment, in which interactions between multiple cultural actors influence the formation of (and exclusion from) cultural memory. These diffuse memory-making processes influence contemporary political and social developments within and beyond the societies in question. The articles presented in this special section interrogate how Russian and international media represented the revolutions, both for their domestic and international audiences. Together, they address questions about what regime-sponsored narratives of the Russian revolutions of 1917 can tell us about contemporary neo-authoritarian politics of identity, history and memory; the cultural significance of real-time, interactive media events for ‘memory work’, and for the participatory re-creation of revolutionary ideas and passions; the ways in which TV audiences and social media users of different generations and political persuasions respond to and interact with representations of revolution; and the nature of the relationship between cultural politics, memory and newsmaking. In bringing into dialogue work from a variety of disciplines and with a range of methodological approaches, the articles in this special section interrogate the fundamentals of the relationship between culture, media and politics in today’s globalised real-time media ecology.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-09T09:55:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871355
  • The October revolution as a global media event: Connective imaginaries in
    • Authors: Ben O’Loughlin
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyses the proliferation of imaginaries of ‘revolution’ present in global media around the October Revolution’s 100th anniversary in 2017. The October Revolution stands alongside the French Revolution as a model that has guided sense-making about revolutionary moments since. Yet this anniversary fell against a backdrop marked by a set of highly contested recent revolutions, notably the post-Cold War Colour Revolutions in post-Soviet countries and Arab uprisings, and voluminous public analyses of contemporary Russian politics. Taking media as resources for informed citizenship, analysis of 114 English language news stories of the centenary from 26 countries demonstrates that audiences were offered varied and ambivalent representations of both revolution and its mechanisms and of Russia and its relations with other countries. Following Moretti I argue that, together, these formed a textual ‘world effect’ of 1917 as an event that constituted a global experience entangling all societies – and that 1917 is unfinished, either due to continued direct effects on migration, geopolitics and economics, or by continuing to inspire visions of political transformation beyond the West.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-08T10:42:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871348
  • Tweeting the Russian revolution: RT’s #1917LIVE and social media
           re-enactments as public diplomacy
    • Authors: Rhys Crilley, Marie Gillespie, Alistair Willis
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Throughout 2017, the Russian state broadcaster, RT (formerly Russia Today), commemorated the centenary of the 1917 revolution with a social media re-enactment. Centred on Twitter, the 1917LIVE project involved over 90 revolution-era characters tweeting in real time as if the 1917 revolution was happening live on social media. This article is based on an analysis of a sample of tweets by users who engaged with 1917LIVE, alongside focus group discussions with its followers. We argue that a cultural studies perspective can shed important light on the political significance of RT’s social media re-enactment in ways that current studies of public diplomacy as a soft power resource often fail to do. It can advance soft power theory by offering a more nuanced, dynamic analysis of how state media mobilise, and how audiences engage with, social media re-enactments as commemorative events. We find that rather than promoting a unitary propagandistic narrative about Russia, 1917LIVE served instead to soften attitudes towards RT itself – encouraging audiences to view RT as an educator and entertainer as well as a news broadcaster – normalising its presence as a Russian public diplomacy resource in the international news media landscape. Our analysis of audience interactions with and interpretations of 1917LIVE affords insights into how the 1917 re-enactment worked as didactic entertainment eliciting affective identification with the characters of the revolution. Such public diplomacy projects contribute in the short term to a strengthening of the engagement required to create longer-term soft power effects.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-10-05T10:12:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419871353
  • Connected Sahrawi refugee diaspora in Spain: Gender, social media and
           digital transnational gossip
    • Authors: Silvia Almenara-Niebla, Carmen Ascanio-Sánchez
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      While there is increasing scholarly attention given to the impact of digital technologies on forced migration, the points of view and situated experiences of refugees living in the diaspora are understudied. This article addresses Sahrawis refugee diasporas, which have close ties with the Sahrawi political cause. Resulting from the unresolved Western Sahara conflict, Sahrawi forced migrants are at the eye of one of the world’s most protracted refugee situations. While most Sahrawis live in refugee camps in Algeria, some Sahrawis have managed to travel onwards. Social media allows those living elsewhere to maintain connections with contacts living in their original refugee camp. However, Facebook has become a complex environment, particularly for Sahrawi women. Gendered mechanisms of control, such as digital transnational gossip, result in a paradoxical politics of belonging: these women simultaneously desire to keep in touch but do not want to become a subject of gossip. From narratives of Sahrawi young women based in Spain gathered through interviews between 2016 and 2018, as well as a specific Facebook campaign and fan page, the focus is on strategies Sahrawi women develop to avoid and confront digital transnational gossip.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-09-09T07:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869357
  • Conflict as a point of no return: Immigrant and internally displaced
           journalists in Ukraine
    • Authors: Liudmila Voronova
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The Ukrainian Euromaidan protests in 2013, alongside the Brexit vote and the so-called ‘refugee crisis’, have strongly changed the imaginary of Europe. Apart from ideological shifts and geopolitical changes, the situation in Ukraine has led to a geographic relocation and displacement of media producers and audiences alike. Yet, in the Ukrainian context and beyond, little is known about dislocated journalists in conflict situations. This article addresses the specific experiences of immigrant and internally displaced journalists, their imagined audiences and the overarching construction of post-revolutionary Ukraine as an imagined community. The argument draws empirically from the dislocatory experiences and relocatory trajectories of two groups: immigrant journalists, who moved to Ukraine from Russia, and journalists who migrated internally – to Kyiv and other government-controlled Ukrainian regions from Crimea and non-government-controlled areas of Donbas. For immigrant and internally displaced journalists, the search for new identities and positions is strongly related to their imagination of the audiences. The journalists notice a simultaneous fragmentation and unification of the audiences driven by both top-down and down-up intentions of post-revolutionary nation building. They hope to contribute to turning the fragmented communities into a media nation that will perceive them as ‘us’.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-09-09T07:04:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869351
  • ‘The view from above’ at Europe’s maritime borders: Racial
           securitization from visuality to postvisuality
    • Authors: Anouk Madörin
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      At a time when the European Union is currently intensifying its electronic frontier through unmanned aerial vehicles or drones, and remotely piloted aircraft and satellite remote sensing devices, it is crucial to ask what this ‘view from above’ in effect enables. Although creating enhanced visibility in the Mediterranean basin of migrants’ crossings, the technological solutions provided by the European Union do not prioritize search and rescue. In analyzing European Union policy documents regarding visibility-making at Europe’s maritime borders, as well as the rationale presented by the industry delivering the technological backbone, this article shows how the ‘view from above’ is not only constructed through data but feeds back into data-generating ‘vision machines’. The working together of the scopic/visual/ocular and the digital/algorithmic/metrical is coined ‘postvisuality’ – a term highlighting the entanglement of image and code and the subsuming of the visual under the digital, or digitality. Postvisuality is framed by Europe’s long history of racial securitization, which in this case facilitates migrants’ data doubles becoming a key locus for financialization and the generation of a surplus for the security and defense industries.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-29T12:56:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869356
  • Negotiating paradise lost: Refugee narratives of pre-war Syria – A
           discursive approach to memory, metaphors and religious identifications
    • Authors: Ingrid Løland
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      How are social relations and ethno-religious identifications of pre-war Syria remembered and narrated by Syrian refugees in exile' Crossing the abyss of war, and negotiated through the shifting times and sites of forced displacement, this article addresses Syrian refugee narratives as discursive practices that attempt to reclaim an irretrievably lost terrain. The metaphor of a ‘paradise lost’ is an unmistakable component of the Syrian refugees’ stories, illustrating multiple understandings of ‘paradise’ in which memories of the past gain a particularly idealized character. At the same time, however, and to some extent belying this metaphor, there are traces of tension-filled undercurrents that call for a plural reading of the past. Discussed within a theoretical framework of memory, metaphors and religious identifications, the empirical analysis highlights two narrative themes: (1) coexistence and diversity: narratives of intercultural and inter-religious relations and (2) living under authoritarian rule: narratives of fear and compliance. Leading up to the revolution and subsequent civil war, these narratives display the ambivalent ways in which Syrian refugees conceptualize the past.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-28T07:09:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869352
  • Book review: Karim H Karim and Ahmad Al-Rawi, Diaspora and Media in
           Europe: Migration, Identity and Integration
    • Authors: Mirjam A Twigt
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-24T10:28:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869349
  • Remembering Ireland: News flows and 1916 in the transnational mediascape
    • Authors: Niamh Kirk
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Irish emigration has resulted in large and highly organised diasporas in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia which sustain commercially successful ethnic news organisations serving the communities’ informational and cultural needs. Some of these titles have been operating in print for decades and expanded operations as they transitioned online. Diaspora journalism has an important role in recreating ethnic identity among deterritorialised Irish audiences. However, little is understood about what aspects of homeland culture diaspora news media represent, how ‘Irishness’ is characterised or the extent these representations can be regarded as homogeneous across different hostlands. The focus of this research is on Irish diasporic news organisations, comparing how news titles in each of the regions represented Irish identity over 6 months in 2016. Using RSS Feeds and automated data entry, it maps the news flows from Ireland to the digital diaspora press in each of the regions, revealing differences in the salience of news categories and topics. In addition, a comparative frame analysis of how the 1916 Centenary event in Ireland was covered revealed differences in the conceptualisation and representation of this part of Irish culture. This article highlights the complexity of diaspora news media’s role in representing ethnic identities as they respond and republish homeland current affairs. It reveals unbalanced news flows to the diaspora press and divergences among Irish diasporic news media over how transnational Irish culture is conceptualised and represented.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-23T11:36:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869350
  • Digital (dis)connectivity in fraught contexts: The case of gay refugees in
    • Authors: Alexander Dhoest
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The key role of digital and mobile media for refugees is increasingly acknowledged, but while the literature on the topic tends to celebrate the advantages of digital media, it is important to also acknowledge limitations. Thus, the focus on the creation and maintenance of connections through digital media may obscure experiences and practices of disconnection. This is certainly the case for forced migrants with non-normative sexual orientations, for whom experiences of homophobia within the family and ethno-cultural community in the country of origin may extend to fraught situations in the country of residence. As with digital media in general, it is important to consider the ‘offline’ social and cultural conditions determining online media uses. This article focuses on the specific challenges for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer refugees, both in general and in Belgium, drawing on desk research and expert interviews, as well as nine in-depth interviews with gay-identifying male refugees. While the refugees are relatively positive about the Belgian situation, they do identify a number of challenges. They use digital media to stay connected to family and other people in the country of origin, but often this connection has become difficult. Social media and dating sites also offer a way to connect to other gay men, but these connections can be equally fraught, particularly in the country of origin for danger of exposure but also in Belgium as social media transcend national boundaries. For this reason, some participants created new or parallel profiles, to keep their gay lives disconnected from their family lives. Overall, then, digital media are a tool not only of connection but also of strategic disconnection for gay refugees.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-21T06:29:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869348
  • Mobiles and ‘making do’: Exploring the affective, digital practices of
           refugee women waiting in Greece
    • Authors: Alexandra Greene
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In the wake of the so-called European migrant crisis, migration scholars have zoomed in on digital technologies and mobility. Seldom addressed, however, are the affective entanglements of migrant digital practices. Yet, as this article argues, waiting is a deeply affective and embodied experience, mediated by information and communications technologies, and tempered both spatially and temporally. Using the cultural politics of emotion as an entry point, and a reflexive and vulnerable methodology, this article explores the digital practices of 15 women waiting in a refugee camp in Greece. In aiming to more justly represent their experiences, this article seeks to move beyond spatial descriptions of migration, as well as to unsettle prevalent discourses of displacement as a liminal condition. Herein, I use the dialectic of strategy and tactics to explore the ways in which smartphones are mobilised in order to ‘make do’ with protracted experiences of displacement. Three mediated practices of ‘making do’ are explored: non-mainstream news consumption as a tactic of self-care; mediated family practices as a tactic of hope; and nature photography as a tactic of creativity. In the context of a dehumanising strategy of migration containment, I will argue that everyday tactics of self-care, hope and creativity constitute affective forms of agency.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-21T06:27:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419869346
  • Why becoming a national treasure matters: Elite celebrity status and
           inequality in the United Kingdom
    • Authors: Chris Greer, Eugene McLaughlin
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents the first academic analysis of ‘national treasure’ as a status designation for an elite category of British celebrities who hold a unique position in the Great British hall of fame. The emergence of this status designation is situated in the context of two intersecting processes of cultural change in the post-War period – the rise of celebrity culture and the popularisation of the state honours system. It is proposed that national treasure status results from the accumulation of three interlocking forms of validation: peer, state and media. After reviewing these underpinning forms of validation, we consider one of Britain’s most celebrated national treasures – Dame Judi Dench. The aim is to illustrate empirically the status elevation and sedimentation processes through which particular elite celebrities become national treasures, and the various ways in which they might respond to this status designation. Although the term ‘national treasure’ for many – including those so-designated – may seem a trite term of endearment, we argue that it is in fact an ideological assemblage invested with significance. On one hand, national treasures help revalidate the notion of the authentic celebrity within an apparently meritocratic system that recognises and rewards talent, hard work and dedication. In the context of a relentlessly bleak news cycle, they are a wholly virtuous expression of national identity, signifying all that is great about Britain. On the other hand, although national treasures are constructed as being ‘of the people’, by authenticating the underpinning institutional forms of validation, their status transformation contributes to the legitimation and reproduction of status hierarchies, cultural authority and inequality in the UK.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-08-06T09:06:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861630
  • Celebrity capital, field-specific aesthetic criteria and the status of
           cultural objects: The case of Masked and Anonymous
    • Authors: Simon Stewart
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article probes the explanatory value of the concept of celebrity capital in helping us to grasp the fate of celebrities and the cultural objects they produce when they move across to other fields. However, the article seeks to do more than this: with reference to the example of the singer-songwriter Bob Dylan’s incursion into the cinematic field, where he co-wrote Masked and Anonymous (2003), it contributes to debates by examining the significance of field-specific aesthetic criteria in helping us to gain insight into the aesthetic value of cultural objects. While Dylan’s celebrity capital gave him access to a number of ‘A-List’ celebrity actors, the aesthetic dimension of the film did not have a meaningful relation to the state of play in the cinematic field and so the film was, in the main, critically panned. So, Masked and Anonymous made Dylan’s boundary-crossing journey in reverse: it retreated to the field of popular music where its aesthetic properties were warmly received when considered in relation to Dylan’s wider body of work. Meanwhile, it was difficult for the harshest critics to ignore the aesthetic value that Dylan’s wider body of work had accumulated over time. There is, then, a temporal dimension of aesthetic appraisal that needs to be considered, even when reviews are considered at a particular historical conjuncture. In this analysis of field-specific aesthetic criteria, we see that boundary work is effective in diminishing the status of a cultural object (Masked and Anonymous), but we also see that each critic has only limited sway in the face of the totality of judgements which emerges as a supra-individual voice, heterogeneous and full of contradictions, deriving from all those who make evaluative judgements in the field of culture.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-31T09:41:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861622
  • Representing anxious parents in China: A study of Parenting Science
           magazine 1980–2016
    • Authors: Qian (Sarah) Gong
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyses the representation of parental practices in Parenting Science, the first and longest running parenting magazine published in China since 1980. Drawing on Foucault’s work on governmentality and biopolitics as well as their current development in cultural studies and sociology of health, this article critically investigates the cultural frames that surround parental practices relating to the health and development of young children. It explores how issues of medicalisation, intensive parenting, responsibility and self-management are represented in the magazine, ‘reflecting’ as well as ‘reinforcing’ dominant cultural ideas of parenting and childrearing in China. Based on a qualitative content analysis of 2295 items from 37 issues of the magazine (1980–2016), including editorials, feature stories, standard articles, Q&As, adverts and other short items, this article has identified three major frames of parental practices in monitoring and facilitating children’s health, development and wellbeing: (1) the medicalisation of children’s health problems, (2) the rise of expert authority and (3) the responsibilisation of parents. This article argues that these frames underpin the construction of an intensive and anxious parenting culture in China and serve as powerful tools of biopolitical control.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-29T05:10:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419856829
  • Pushing music: People’s continued will to archive versus Spotify’s
           will to make them explore
    • Authors: Marika Lüders 
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Music streaming services provide people with access to vast libraries of music, but also encourage certain patterns of consumption. In this article, I use Spotify as a case and investigate the action potentials for exploring and archiving music. The personal role of music implies we may expect the ‘will to archive’ to be prevalent even if these archives are not based on individual ownership. First, an analysis of Spotify suggests that the machine agency of Spotify pushes people towards exploring music, whereas archiving features are material and depend on human action. Spotify is hence skewed towards prompting users to explore rather than archive music. Next, an analysis of 23 focus-group interviews suggests that users value opportunities to explore music, yet their practices are equally directed towards archiving music. Theoretically, this article delineates how objects with machine agency are different from material objects in terms of affordances. The action potentials of material objects are symmetrically constituted by what the objects provide relative to an active being. The action potentials of objects with machine agency interfere with this symmetry: the machine is designed to act on behalf of the human being, making certain affordances more perceivable than others.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-29T05:10:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419862943
  • From the literary field to reality TV: The perils of downward celebrity
    • Authors: Mercè Oliva
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores ‘downward celebrity migration’, that is, when a celebrity enters a field that is less legitimate than their field of origin. It does so by studying the case of Lucía Etxebarria, a Spanish literary celebrity who participated in a celebrity reality TV show (Campamento de Verano (‘Summer Camp’)) in 2013. Using Bourdieu’s concepts of field and capital, this article analyses the ambiguous hierarchical position that Etxebarria occupied in the programme and how she was evaluated according to the specific rules of reality TV: authenticity, ordinariness, performance and submission to the programme’s authority. Etxebarria’s presence in the programme stirred up a heated debate about social, cultural and fame hierarchies, and she became the target of attacks that tried to undermine her symbolic capital through personal humiliation.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-29T05:09:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861633
  • The celebritization of self-care: The celebrity health narrative of Demi
           Lovato and the sickscape of mental illness

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Gaston Franssen
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Using the threatened yet ultimately reconfirmed celebrity status of pop singer and mental health advocate Demi Lovato as a case study, this article analyzes how celebrity health narratives reflect and produce a neoliberal ideology of individuality in the context of mental health care. It is argued that Lovato has successfully rebranded herself as the embodiment of achievement, self-improvement and confidence by embracing her diagnosis with bipolar disorder and other mental health struggles. Furthermore, the article demonstrates how her celebrity health narrative has been repackaged and reproduced by the merchandizing industry, providing general lifestyle advice about the value of ongoing self-improvement. This convergence between the ‘sickscape’ of mental illness and celebrity culture can be understood as a ‘celebritization of self-care’, which reproduces a hyper-individualized, neoliberal and distinctly gendered ideology of meritocracy, and presents all forms of achievement, including recovery from mental illness, as the result of competitive individualism.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-27T09:15:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861636
  • ‘Russell Brand’s a joke, right'’ Contrasting perceptions of
           Russell Brand’s legitimacy in grassroots and electoral politics
    • Authors: Ellen Watts
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Russell Brand’s interventions in the political field have taken multiple forms since he famously told Jeremy Paxman in October 2013 that he had never voted. The following year Brand joined the campaign to save the New Era estate in East London, seeking to ‘amplify’ the voices of residents by attracting positive mainstream media coverage and promoting their cause to his large social media audience. This audience, supposedly outside the ‘empty stadium’ of the mainstream campaign, was Labour leader Ed Miliband’s justification for being interviewed and endorsed by Brand during the 2015 election campaign. While the attention Brand received in both cases demonstrates his celebrity capital in the United Kingdom, he also faced contestation. Brand’s wealth complicated his claims to represent housing campaigners, while during the election his background as a working-class comedian conflicted with formal political norms. Using Saward’s theory of representative claims, this article explores how Brand made claims to represent citizens in each context and how these were evaluated. Brand’s negotiation of his status and the response he received in different political contexts is analysed drawing on fieldwork, Brand’s social media and YouTube content, and media coverage of his interventions. I argue that while Brand’s celebrity capital allowed him to work across the fields of entertainment and politics with ease, his status in the political field is dependent on successfully making claims to represent citizens.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-26T09:15:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861627
  • Designer notoriety: What the Lubitz case tells us about the accumulation
           of attention capital in celebrity culture
    • Authors: Chris Rojek
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article introduces the concept of designer notoriety to refer to calculated attempts to derail aspects of normative order so as to garner media attention. The objective is for otherwise unexceptional people to gain celebrity. The case of the alleged sabotage of Germanwings Airbus A320 Flight, by the co-pilot, Andreas Lubitz, in 2015, is used as a case study. Drawing on the methods of content analysis from various media sources and historical sociology, the article examines the media claim that Lubitz sought celebrity and planned the crash as a means to acquire media interest. Public receptivity to the notion of designer notoriety is investigated. It is related to three key concepts: ‘the demotic turn’, ‘mediatization’ and the ‘world historic event’. The application of each concept to designer notoriety is set out and justified. The article ends by expanding the Lubitz case to refer to other examples of designer notoriety.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-25T09:16:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861635
  • Book review: Celebrity status, fields and value
    • Authors: Hannah Hamad
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-24T03:35:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861705
  • Celebrity status and the attribution of value
    • Authors: Simon Stewart, David Giles
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The concept of status is in the background of much research on celebrity but rarely made explicit, so in this collection of articles we seek to intervene by drawing attention to the usefulness of the concept in understanding the attribution of value in celebrity culture. We consider that celebrity status derives from an accumulation of social esteem or disparagement based on the countless evaluative judgements, positive or negative, that accumulate in media and wider public discourse. We conceptualize celebrity status as operating within and relating to the social fields that celebrities occupy and move between. Analysing status within the context of fields enables us to better account for how celebrity status is accrued and/or lost within particular social fields in accordance with field-specific criteria and in relation to wider shifting cultural, political and technological contexts. The articles in this special issue have in common an attentiveness to the evaluative criteria by which celebrities are judged as they move from field to field, and as their status undergoes a transformation – for better or worse – in the field they occupy. Ultimately, we argue that the status attributed to celebrities tells us much about how value is attributed, distributed and accumulated in contemporary society.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-22T05:46:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861618
  • ‘Zoella hasn’t really written a book, she’s written a cheque’:
           Mainstream media representations of YouTube celebrities
    • Authors: Ruth A Deller, Kathryn Murphy
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we present a thematic analysis of broadcast and print media representations of YouTube celebrity. Youth-oriented media have capitalised on the phenomenon, placing vloggers alongside actors and pop stars. However, in much adult-oriented mainstream media, YouTubers are presented as fraudulent, inauthentic, opportunist and talentless, making money from doing nothing. Key themes recur in coverage, including YouTubers’ presumed lack of talent and expertise, the alleged dangers they present and the argument that they are not ‘really famous’. YouTubers’ claims to fame are thus simultaneously legitimised by giving them coverage and delegitimised within said coverage, echoing media treatment of other ‘amateur’ celebrities such as reality stars and citizen journalists. We argue that the response to YouTubers in more traditional media outlets demonstrates recognition of their visibility and appeal to a younger audience, while also signifying apprehension towards a phenomenon that potentially threatens both the existence of traditional media forms, and the influence of traditional media professionals.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-17T05:14:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861638
  • Sharing songs on Hirakata Square: On playlists and place attachment in
           contemporary music listening

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Leonieke Bolderman, Stijn Reijnders
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-30T10:43:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419847110
  • Investigating politics through artistic practices: Affect resonance of
           creative publics
    • Authors: Tara Mahoney, Frédérik Lesage, Peter Zuurbier
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-06T08:26:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419839877
  • Book review: Anne M Cronin, Public Relations Capitalism: Promotional
           Culture, Publics and Commercial Democracy
    • Authors: Lee Edwards
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-04-26T07:26:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419839871
  • How to start a human rights film festival: Expertise, training and
           collective media activism
    • Authors: Ryan Bowles Eagle
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-04-08T12:16:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418821842
  • Friendship and the social self in business success literature
    • Authors: Peter Mallory, Jesse Carlson, Laura Eramian
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-03-15T12:14:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418824048
  • Decentring the vernacular web: Meaning, affect and power in networked
    • Authors: Artur Szarecki
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-03-08T02:19:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418824051
  • Distinctively queer in the Parish: Performances of distinction and LGBTQ+
           representations in Flemish prestige television fiction
    • Authors: Florian Vanlee, Sofie Van Bauwel, Frederik Dhaenens
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-02-15T06:57:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418821844
  • Remaking identities and stereotypes: How film remakes transform and
           reinforce nationality, disability, and gender
    • Authors: Eduard Cuelenaere, Gertjan Willems, Stijn Joye
      First page: 613
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-02-20T05:16:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418821850
  • ‘Steve is twice the Aussie icon you will ever be’: Germaine Greer, the
           Crocodile Hunter’s death, and nationalistic misogyny
    • Authors: Anthea Taylor
      First page: 630
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-03-11T10:16:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418821840
  • Mum’s the word: Public testimonials and gendered experiences of
           negotiating caring responsibilities with work in the film and television
    • Authors: Susan Berridge
      First page: 646
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-02T12:23:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419839876
  • Exploiting the distance between conflicting norms: Female rural-to-urban
           migrant workers in Shanghai negotiating stigma around singlehood and

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Penn Tsz Ting Ip, Esther Peeren
      First page: 665
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-10T08:28:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419847108
  • In and out of control: Portraying older women in contemporary Finnish
           comedy films
    • Authors: Hanna Varjakoski
      First page: 684
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-14T11:09:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419839881
  • ‘How the hell did this get on tv'’: Naked dating shows as the
           final taboo on mainstream TV
    • Authors: Angela Smith
      First page: 700
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      There is a long history of dating shows on TV, most famously in the United Kingdom in the form of the long-running ITV show Blind Date, which ran from 1985 until 2003; its re-boot has returned to ITV1. The game-show format continues in shows such as Take Me Out (also ITV1) and Dinner Date (More 4). Elsewhere, the make-over shows that dominated the schedule in the late 1990s and first decade of the century morphed into relationship/dating shows, such as Gok’s Fashion Fix (Channel 4) and Snog, Marry, Avoid (BBC3). However, another relationship/make-over show, How to Look Good Naked (2006–2012, Channel 4) seems to have heralded a further development of this. While How to Look Good Naked never showed full frontal nudity, with participants always expressing the empowering nature of their ‘naked picture’ finale, in recent years there has been a further development of the nakedness theme across several dating shows that have a game-show format. The one that has caused most comment is Channel 4’s Naked Attraction, with The Guardian commenting that ‘the bottom of the barrel has been reached’. With full nudity, lingering close-ups and graphic descriptions, this show drove many viewers to Twitter to express dismay that this show has made it to mainstream TV, and led to The Guardian referring to this show as being symptomatic of dystopian TV since 2016. This article will explore how the shock of graphic nudity is ameliorated by the linguistic strategies of positive politeness with which all participants seem to collude and engage. Such amelioration would appear to be a defence against accusations of voyeuristic and pornographic content on mainstream TV.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-06-13T08:59:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419847107
  • #MeToo, popular feminism and the news : A content analysis of UK newspaper

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Sara De Benedictis, Shani Orgad, Catherine Rottenberg
      First page: 718
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the first 6 months of #MeToo’s coverage in the UK press, revealing how newspapers played an important role in heightening the campaign’s visibility. Using content analysis, our study demonstrates that the press contributed to expanding and reinforcing #MeToo’s visibility in important ways. In terms of reach, the UK press has expanded the movement’s visibility beyond social media, addressing potentially new and different readerships. This attests to the pivotal role that news media continue to play in disseminating global issues and debates for a national audience. Second, in terms of content, while the news coverage developed and consolidated stories that were originally revealed on social media, it also publicized new stories. However, our study also highlights how the press’ role in enabling and expanding the visibility of #MeToo has been characterized by a number of crucial and, we argue, problematic factors. First, while #MeToo was covered positively in all newspapers, there was significant variation within newspapers, which was largely consistent with their traditional ideological alignments. Second, the #MeToo coverage seems to have followed and reinforced familiar patterns with respect to news coverage of both sexual violence and feminism, namely, support of feminism alongside a concurrent de-politicization, an individualizing tendency through a focus on celebrity and the cultural industries, and the centring of the experiences of celebrity female subjects who are predominately White and wealthy.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-02T10:47:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419856831
  • Misogyny, solidarity and postfeminism on social media: The work of being
           Diana Shurygina, survivor-celebrity

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Sudha Rajagopalan
      First page: 739
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In a disclosure on Russian talk television in January 2017, 16-year-old Diana Shurygina shared with a national audience the traumatic details of her rape by Sergei Semenov. Using Shurygina’s performances on television and her subsequent participation on social media as a case study, this article analyses the emergence of empathic publics and the construction of celebrity at the intersection of digital media, popular misogyny and postfeminism in Russia. By setting up a vlog, support groups, fan and personal pages on VKontakte (a popular Russian social networking site), Shurygina is able to counter vicious pillorizing by creating a network of empathy and support. The celebrity that Shurygina sculpts in these spaces, however, is postfeminist in its emphasis on individual choice and self-esteem as strategies to overcome all societal ills, in its celebration of hyperfemininity and in its eschewal of radical politics. This article thus considers how digital platforms shape voice, public affect and solidarity on digital platforms but also how complicit that emergent voice is in the neoliberal ‘retraditionalisation’ of gender roles in post-Soviet Russia.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-04T06:44:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419856828
  • ‘Essex girls’ in the comedy club: Stand-up, ridicule and
           ‘value struggles’
    • Authors: Adam Carter
      First page: 763
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents findings from a qualitative study carried out on how audiences of stand-up comedy are entangled in ‘value struggles’. It focuses on a group who through classed and gendered ridicule are often drawn as valueless – women from Essex or ‘Essex girls’. The article explores how a group of women from Essex negotiate their value in the face of Essex girl–based ridicule, experienced while part of a live comedy audience in a London comedy club. The analysis reveals an ambivalence in how the group utilise and view their ‘Essex girl’ status, which challenges the view that this is a valueless identification. They oscillate between the joy of revelling in the Essex girl role and disidentification from the shame of this disreputable status. It concludes by highlighting how ridicule does not necessarily perform a disciplinary function and considers if the joy of ‘being Essex’ has any hope of escaping into everyday life.
      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-07-17T05:20:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419861852
  • ‘The show of the people’ against the cultural elites: Populism, media
           and popular culture in Turkey
    • Authors: Burak Özçetin
      First page: 942
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-03-11T10:17:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549418821841
  • Social cohesion, Twitter and far-right politics in Australia: Diversity in
           the democratic mediasphere
    • Authors: Jeffrey Lewis, Philip Pond, Robin Cameron, Belinda Lewis
      First page: 958
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-04-08T12:17:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419833035
  • Conviviality and parallax in David Olusoga’s Black and British: A
           Forgotten History
    • Authors: Jack Black
      First page: 979
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-16T02:10:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419844451
  • Embodied minstrelsy, racialization and redemption in reggae
    • Authors: Jo Haynes
      First page: 996
      Abstract: European Journal of Cultural Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: European Journal of Cultural Studies
      PubDate: 2019-05-24T05:36:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1367549419847111
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