Journal Cover Library Review
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0024-2535
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Library/Information Education Programs in Pakistan: A Comparison with IFLA
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose This multi-method study is aimed at assessing the quality and alignment of 11 Pakistani LIS master programs’ orientation, curricula and course contents, by comparing them with the IFLA Guidelines for Professional Library/Information Programs (2012). Design/methodology/approach The study is based on a documentary analysis and telephonic interviews with master programs’ coordinators of all LIS departments.The data were collected on the 11 master programs from three sources: 1) programs’ webpages, 2) prospectuses and, 3) and curricula with detailed course contents. The principal researcher also conducted eleven structured telephonic and face to face interviews with master programs’ coordinators. Findings Findings of the study show that while there is some compliance with IFLA core elements, the courses are largely inclined towards the management and less towards the information communication technologies (ICTs) components. Generally, the courses are traditional in nature indicating a problem of widespread reliance on outdated and some irrelevant contents that do not reflect the current needs of the changing environment. Practical implications The findings highlight the need of increased efforts for seeking alignment with international standards by redesigning and reorienting LIS curricula. Mission and vision statement, planning and evaluation are the areas that need to be focused on in order to ensure the future survival of academic programs. Originality/value It is the first study of its nature in Pakistan that will be beneficial for Pakistan and other developing countries in their curriculum review and development process and future programs orientation.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2016-0098
  • Makerspaces: A beneficial new service for Academic Libraries?
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose In order to start to explore the possibilities for makerspaces as a new learning space within Academic Library services in Higher Education (HE), this original research study ask two key questions: 1) How is learning achieved and supported in makerspaces? 2) What can Academic Library services bring to the effective organisation and support of makerspaces? Design/methodology/approach An extensive literature review is followed by a Template Analysis (King, 2012) of data from an online forum of three professionals operating makerspaces in Academic Library services in the US, and a discussion incorporating relevant educational theory and philosophy. Findings The three overarching learning themes found were: Experiential Learning (Dewey, 1909; Kolb, 1984), Communities of Practice (Lave and Wenger, 1991) and Self-efficacy through social learning (Bandura, 1997). Research limitations/implications The one week forum of three professional library staff provided detailed and informative data. Substantial field work with students will also be required to see how far this professional lens has provided insight into how students are learning and supported in these and other makerspaces. Originality/value This is the first study to date on the potential educational value of makerspaces within HE, and the specific support Academic Library services can offer if they choose to host a makerspace (including teaching Information, Digital and Critical Literacies).
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2016-0081
  • User Services in the Digital Environment: Implications for Academic
           Libraries in the English-Speaking Caribbean
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose With the advent of new technology, user services in information-centered institutions must adapt and make changes in the way information is presented and accessed. The purpose of this paper is to ascertain from literature, ways in which information technology is being utilized in the provision of user services in academic libraries in developed and developing countries; explore the implications of the under-utilization of information technology in offering user services to patrons in academic libraries in the English-speaking Caribbean; and, offer suggestions regarding the acquisition of information technology to enhance user services in academic libraries in the English-speaking Caribbean. Design/methodology/approach The authors have undertaken a review of literature from available scholarly papers to discover the expectations of modern library users, and how inventive academic libraries have to become in order to create a paradigm shift from the ‘antiquated’ to ‘modern’ user services to meet client expectations and to stay relevant in the information age. Findings The reviewed literature highlighted the various ways in which academic libraries, particularly those in developed countries, are employing information technology in their service offerings. The literature highlights the necessity for Academic Libraries in the English-speaking Caribbean to also utilize information technology for optimum user service if they are to attain international standard. Originality/value This is one of the first attempts at examining and documenting the need for changes in user services in the English-speaking Caribbean. While the literature is replete with information on ways in which academic libraries are using information technology to serve their patrons, this paper offered a synopsis of the developments in this regard.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-07-2016-0058
  • The Academic Library's Role in Student Retention: a review of the
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this literature review paper is to (1) present and discuss the personal and educational underpinnings of undergraduate and graduate students' persistence decision; (2) identify initiatives and strategies academic libraries are adopting which correlates positively with student retention; (3) identify and discuss the main causes leading to attrition; (4) present James White Library's experience contributing to student retention efforts at Andrews University. Design/methodology/approach A bibliographic search using databases in the areas of education and library and information science was conducted to review the literature on the relationship between library use and services and university students retention. Findings The main overall factors which contribute to student retention are: user centered philosophy; involvement and engagement; student identification and sense of belonging; academic success and achievement; GPA. In the context of libraries, the main factors which contribute (or correlated) to student retention are: library instruction; spaces which provide social interaction and learning; general materials use. Research limitations/implications This study does not provide results of actual in person ivestigations conducted at libraries, rather, identifies, presents and discusses reported studies in the Education and LIS literature. Practical implications A summary and structured presentation of the main issues concerning the library's role in university student's retention identifies the main personal, including non-academic ad academic problems leading to student's attrition, as well successful efforts and strategies which libraries are adopting to curtail this pressing problem within academic institutions. The paper can be used as general guidelines which academic library managers and library service providers can adapt to contribute to the university's overall efforts to increase its graduation rate. Originality/value This study organizes and systematizes the many study results, ideas, and considerations concerning academic libraries and student retention which are dispersed in the literature of the field, allowing the reader and practitioner to better understand the theoretical and practical issues concerning this subject. It provides the reader with practical experiences and data which will enhance one's decision making process in developing retention policies and strategies at the library level.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-12-2016-0102
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the information seeking behaviour of Malaysian Town Planners (MTPs) in fulfilling their specific work task, which is to prepare the Development Proposal Report (DPR) that incorporates flood risk reduction aspects for planning permission purposes. The researcher investigated MTPs’ involvement in the DPR preparation, types of information sought from five town planning reference instruments, the uses of five town planning reference instruments and additional information sources, and the problem faced when seeking for and using of the information from five town planning reference instruments for the DPR preparation. Design/methodology/approach This study was based on quantitative research using the postal survey method. Data were collected from 60 MTPs using questionnaires, with a response rate of 81.7%. Findings The study showed that limited professional knowledge is the main factor influencing information seeking behaviour of MTPs in the DPR preparation. The study revealed that MTPs seek information which are mainly related to the incorporation of flood risk reduction aspects in site planning, detailed information on existing conditions for all planning sectors especially for planning sectors that influence flood risks, detailed information on how development controls that influence the risks of flooding should be considered, and detailed information on site planning aspects that influence flood risks from five town planning reference instruments. The MTPs gave various answers for the seven factors influencing their choice of use for each town planning reference instruments. Familiarity and prior success and trustworthiness factors got the most absolutely very important answers; followed by the quality factor with the most important answers; the timeliness factor with the most moderately important answers; accessibility factor with the most somewhat important answers; the cost factor with the most not so important answers; and the packaging factor with the most not important at all answers. The MTPs used additional sources such as the local planning authority, other agencies, colleagues, internet, clients, books, journals, seminar or conference papers, and magazines to get useful information for the DPR preparation besides the five town planning reference instruments. The study found that the top three problems encountered by the MTPs during their information seeking for and using of information were the related information on incorporation of flood risk reduction aspects in site planning in all five town planning reference instruments were not sufficient, not in detail, and not complete. Research limitations/implications Only 60 MTPs, whose DPRs for lowland development areas with planning permission from the Selayang Municipal Council, Selangor, Malaysia from the year 2012 to 2014 were chosen as samples in this study. Besides that, only site planning aspects in five town planning reference instruments were taken into account in this study. Practical implications This paper provides useful understanding of the information seeking behaviour of MTPs in fulfilling one of their professional tasks, which is preparing the DPR that incorporates flood risk reduction aspects for planning permission purposes. Originality/value Being the first study on information seeking behaviour of MTPs, it contributes to the very limited research literature on the topic for this profession in the world generally and Malaysia specifically.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-04-2016-0034
  • Uncertainty and subjective task complexity in the information seeking
           behaviour of lawyers: A structural invariance analysis
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose This study investigates the moderating effects of age, experience, and educational qualification on the relationship between uncertainty and subjective task complexity among lawyers working in private law firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach A survey method was adopted and data was gathered using questionnaires. The analysis was carried out based on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling using SmartPLS 2.0 M3 software. Findings Results showed that the effect of uncertainty on subjective task complexity is significantly moderated by age, educational attainment, experience of the lawyers under study. Research limitations/implications Although data was collected in the most populated state and commercial hub of Nigeria, generalisation based on findings may still need to be done with caution. Practical implications Attainment of higher educational qualification is highly important for lawyers even though the minimum requirement to practice as a lawyer is Degree. Lawyers with higher degrees (LLM and PhD) had less uncertainty and perceived their tasks to be less complex compared to their counterparts who had the first degree (LLB) Originality/value The demographic profile of professionals (age, education, and experience) has proven to have an impact on their perception about task complexity as determined by uncertainty as found in this study.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2016-0079
  • Use of Bostick’s Library Anxiety Scale (LAS) in a developing country
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to explore the use of Bostick’s (1992) Library Anxiety Scale (LAS) in a developing country perspective to find out the level of anxiety among university students and to identify the underlying factors that contribute to this phenomenon. Design/methodology/approach – A slightly modified 43-item LAS was used to collect data from 350 students at Dhaka University. For data analysis, negatively worded statements were reverse-scored so that all the statements are scored in the same direction. The statistical significance is measured using Mann Whitney (M-W) and Kruskal Wallis (K-W) tests. The M-W tests were conducted to examine the differences in students’ library anxiety scores in terms of their age and educational levels. The K-W tests were conducted to examine the differences in students’ ratings on LAS items in terms of their age and faculty enrolment. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on the survey data to examine the factors contributing to students’ anxiety. Finally, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the convergent validity of the measures chosen to represent each factor construct. Findings The result of this study indicated that library anxiety exists amongst Dhaka University students as most LAS scores fell above 3 on a 5-point Likert scale. The individual differences in terms of gender, age, educational level and frequency of library visit were not significant for most of the items. The EFA, after several iterations, yielded a five-factor solution for library anxiety constructs although only two factors were found to have met the required reliability scores. The CFA, however, failed to produce any meaningful results. This paper made several recommendations to the university library administration to alleviate the problems that appear to have triggered library anxiety. Originality/value This is a pioneering study of the use of Bostick’s Library Anxiety Scale in Bangladesh. It is hoped that the findings of this study will encourage researchers to develop anxiety scales which would address the need for library services in developing country context.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2016-0052
  • Librarians' Involvement in Cross-disciplinary Research and its Implication
           for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The Nigerian Experience
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate librarians’ involvement in cross-disciplinary research and its implication in achieving sustainable development goals with the aid of five research questions. This is in a bid to integrate librarians into cross disciplinary research, a stride towards embedded librarianship. Design/methodology/approach Survey research design was used to gather data from an online group of library personnel with the aid of the questionnaire link posted on the platform. Palinkas, Wisdon, Green and Hoagwood (2013) justified the use of purposeful sampling technique while Yamane (1967) justified the use of 66 copies of questionnaire retrieved from the 1,562 population of action and inactive online members of the platform, which was subjected to descriptive statistics. Findings Librarians have high level of knowledge in possible aspects of cross-disciplinary research which they have been previously involved in. cross disciplinary research is a means to achieving SDGs because it provides a basis for the understanding of SDGs and its actualization. Therefore librarians being equipped to engage in cross-disciplinary research will contribute more to the global development agenda. Research limitations/implications The study seems to exhibit a weak power of generalization due to the purposeful sampling technique adopted for the study, been an online survey. This should be taken into consideration for further study. Practical implications The study has implication for librarians in Nigeria, though exhibit a weak power of generalization due to the purposeful sampling technique adopted for the study, been an online survey; and the ±10% precision level in determining the sample size . This should be taken into consideration for further study. Originality/value This study is a stride towards embedded librarianship which reflects the need for librarians to participate in cross-disciplinary research, learning new skills and taking up new roles in research process.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2016-0078
  • Influence of Individual Factors on Concern for Information Privacy (CFIP),
           a Perspective from Malaysian Higher Educational Students
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of individual factors, i.e. demographic factors, self-efficacy, computer anxiety, and internet literacy, on concern for information privacy (CFIP), especially in social networking and e-commerce in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 164 students in Multimedia University Cyberjaya and analysed using statistical analyses. Findings The results indicate that most of the individual factors have significant relationships with CFIP, except age as one of the demographic factors, and internet literacy. One of the outcomes, which is continuance intention in social networking, has a strong correlation with CFIP. Research limitations/implications Regarding demographic profile, the statistics of age, income, and especially nationality profile shows the imbalance distribution among the group categories. This might become an issue for generalization purpose Practical implications The empirical findings can be used as a guideline for firms to undergo a self-check in in social networking sites and data over transactions in e-commerce activities. By focusing on those significant factors, firms may develop relevant strategies to enhance the social networking or e-commerce activities Originality/value This study is perhaps the limited study about concern for information privacy in Malaysia, but it focuses more on social networking and e-commerce as the outcomes of CFIP.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-05-2016-0043
  • High Blood Pressure Awareness among Residents in Lagos State, Nigeria: The
           Role of Librarians in the Dissemination of Health Information
    • Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 4/5, July 2017.
      Purpose This study examines the level of awareness about high blood pressure and the role of librarians in the dissemination of health information among residents in Lagos state, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach The population comprised high blood pressure patients at the University of Lagos Teaching Hospital in Lagos state, Nigeria. A sample of 900 patients was taken from the existing population of high blood pressure patients comprising male and female aged 15-55 years and above. Data for the study were collected through the use of a structured questionnaire. Few in-depth interviews were also conducted to enrich the data from the structured questionnaire. Some descriptive statistical techniques were used to analyse the data obtained from the structured questionnaire, while the data obtained from the in-depth interviews were subjected to content analysis. Findings The findings revealed that awareness about high blood pressure was generally low among the study population. It was also discovered that the librarians working in the medical and public libraries in Lagos state provided information services to members of the communities. However, the librarians affirmed that their role in the dissemination of information to the public was inadequate. Research limitations/implications The study was limited to the high blood pressure patients at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, while the patients attending other hospitals in Lagos state were not included as a result of time factor and lack of funding for the research. The views of the excluded category of patients on the level of awareness of high blood pressure may vary. Originality/value Good health is the bedrock of human development and awareness is the first step in the battle against the scourge of ill-health. Recognizing the need for increased level of awareness and the value of disseminating useful information is vital to patients in the management of high blood pressure.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T03:09:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2016-0056
  • Beyond preservation: investigating the roles of archivist
    • Pages: 110 - 126
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 3, Page 110-126, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to identify through a systematic review the roles that archivists adopt in a changing archival landscape and to illustrate any similarities between the roles of archivist and librarians. Design/methodology/approach The systematic literature review approach was adopted for the purposes of this research. Specifically, peer-reviewed literature published in English between 2000 and 2015 was considered. The relevant papers were retrieved based on specific search terms run on related databases. Findings The analysis showed that the traditional roles of record-keeper and collection manager were still relevant, whereas new ones, namely, digital archivist, archivist as educator and dual archivist/librarian, started to prevail. The technological developments as well as the social and educational changes seemed to have affected the emergence of these new roles, whereas the need for collaboration and communication among archivists, librarians and researchers was evident in many roles, namely, archivist as educator, dual archivist/librarian and archivist as researcher. Originality/value This literature review explored the different roles that archivists adopt within their work context and not the archivists’ skills, duties and responsibilities.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T07:17:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2016-0077
  • Social introduction to library services for international students
    • Pages: 127 - 143
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 3, Page 127-143, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the effectiveness that a social function, an international student reception, has on making international students comfortable with library services and resources in an American academic library at Kent State University. Design/methodology/approach A structured questionnaire was used to collect responses from attendees of an international student reception. The questionnaire was distributed both in-person and by e-mail. Ninety-three valid responses were received. The descriptive survey method was used in the study. Findings The findings reveal that the reception is attracting its target market, international students who have been enrolled at the university for less than one year. Food selection is critical to the success of the reception. However, there is room for improvement in many areas, such as the timing of the event, physical location and interactions between library staff and the international students. Research limitations/implications The survey was limited to only the international students who could attend the reception. Practical implications The study shows that partnership between the library and another department on campus (Office of Global Education) was a major key in the success of these receptions. Also, findings support that the comfort level of the students is a critical factor for the introduction of library services to international students. Future research is needed to measure the long-term impact of social event on library use. Originality/value This is the first case study in the literature where an academic library evaluates the impact of a social function, a reception, to gauge its ability to make international students comfortable with the library and its services.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T07:17:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2016-0072
  • Exploring the factors affecting job satisfaction of paraprofessional staff
           working in University Libraries of Pakistan
    • Pages: 144 - 162
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 3, Page 144-162, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to explore the factors affecting the job satisfaction level of paraprofessional staff working in Higher Education Commission (HEC)-recognized public and private sector university libraries. Design/methodology/approach The study was quantitative in nature, and survey research method was used. The population of the study was paraprofessionals working in HEC-recognized public and private university central libraries of Lahore. Convenient sampling was used, and five respondents were selected from each university. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire using a pre-developed scale job satisfaction survey by Spector (1985). Findings The study reported that respondents were not dissatisfied with their jobs, and still they were standing between “Neutral” and “agree” with all statements of job satisfaction. The nature of job was identified as the most satisfied facet of job satisfaction. It was also observed that a significant difference of job satisfaction was found among respondents having different salary packages. The group with the highest salary was more satisfied than others. Job security proved the factor affecting job satisfaction, as there was significant difference of job satisfaction between permanent and contract-based employees. Permanent nature of job was a reason of satisfaction for the respondents. However, it is interesting that job satisfaction level of public and private sector paraprofessionals did not differ. Research limitations/implications Findings of the study clarify that the universities are required to redesign their job recruitment policies and to revise pay scales of paraprofessionals. Most importantly, a gap in communication was also found within organizations which could affect the level of job satisfaction among paraprofessionals. Universities should pay attention to maintain the two-way communication flow from top level management to lower level. Originality/value This is probably first study reported from Pakistan on the subject. The findings of the study will help universities to redesign their job recruitment policies and to revise pay scales of paraprofessionals. Most importantly, the findings suggest that universities should pay attention to maintain the two-way communication flow from top level management to lower level.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T07:17:13Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2016-0074
  • Organization and usage of information resources at Deeni Madaris libraries
           in Pakistan
    • Pages: 163 - 178
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 66, Issue 3, Page 163-178, April 2017.
      Purpose Deeni Madaris of Pakistan and their libraries are playing an important role in educating the large fraction of society. They have always been engaged in the development of social and cultural values of the Pakistani society. This study aims to investigate the organization of information resources and their utilization at Deeni Madaris libraries in the central Punjab, Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach Quantitative research approach was adopted for this study. A questionnaire was developed on the bases of related literature and discussions with experts of librarianship as well as Islamic studies in Pakistan. The questionnaire was sent to 49 Deeni Madaris, of which five did not have libraries and four did not respond. Forty (81.6 per cent) Deeni Madaris responded and provided the relevant data about their libraries. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS 22. Mostly descriptive statistics were applied to calculate the frequencies, percentage, means and standard deviations. A two-tailed t-test was applied to check the impact of cataloguing and automation on the use of information resources. Findings It was found that majority of the respondents developed their own classification and cataloguing methods for the organization of information resources and did not have a proper retrieval system. Majority of the respondents were providing lending services to readers. Teachers and final-year students were the key users of the libraries. They mostly referred to books, theses and serials written in Urdu and Arabic language. The situation of library computerization was very weak; only 19 libraries had computers and 11 of them have partially automated the library activities. Library automation and catalogue put positive effects on the use of library resources. Originality/value The exploration of the literature showed that libraries of Madaris in Pakistan have always been a priority, but these libraries did not get a position in the library literature as they deserve. This study will fill this gap.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T07:17:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-02-2016-0016
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