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Journal Cover Library Review
  [SJR: 0.573]   [H-I: 11]   [693 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0024-2535
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Research data management: a conceptual framework
    • First page: 226
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose Research Data Management (RDM) is gaining a lot of momentum in the present day, and rightly so. Research data are the core of any research study. The findings and conclusions of a study are entirely dependent on research data. Traditional publishing did not focus on the presentation of data along with the publications such as research monographs and especially journal articles probably due to the difficulties involved in managing the research datasets. The current day technology, however, has helped in making this task easier. The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual framework for managing research data at the institutional level. Design/methodology/approach This paper discusses the significance and advantages of sharing research data. In the spirit of Open Access to publications, freeing research data and making it available openly, with minimal restrictions, will help not only in furthering research and development but also avoid duplication of efforts. The issues and challenges involved in research data management at the institutional level are discussed. Findings A conceptual framework for research data management at the institutional level is presented. A model for a National Repository of Open Research Data (NRORD) is also proposed and the workflow of the functioning of NRORD is also presented. Originality/value The framework clearly presents the workflow of the data life cycle in its various phases right from its creation, storage, organization and sharing. It also attempts to address crucial issues in research data management like data privacy, data security, copyright and licensing. The framework may help the institutions in managing the research data life cycle in a more efficient and effective manner.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:44:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-01-2016-0001
  • “How will I know?” Engagement with information resources: a comparison
           of undergraduates at Indiana and Kuwait Universities
    • First page: 242
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose This project compares how undergraduates in Kuwait and Indiana assess information resources for class assignments. Design/methodology/approach Social science majors at Kuwait University and Indiana University Bloomington completed the Project Information Literacy survey. Findings The students are comparable in how often they ask instructors or classmates for advice, but Kuwaitis are more likely to ask other people for assistance. Kuwaiti students generally are less critical in their evaluation of both library-based and web information resources but are more likely to consider librarian recommendations. Research limitations/implications Institution-specific factors that were not specifically addressed include the following: the survey was administered online in Indiana and on paper in Kuwait; and the types of course assignments and/or students’ information literacy instruction may also vary by institution. Practical implications Librarians should continue to present information clearly and use a variety of instructional methods so that material is accessible. Librarian recommendations and modeling of evaluative behavior can assist international students. Social media may be useful in working with these students’ more collaborative approach to assessing resources. Originality/value The work updates the 2010 Project Information Literacy survey on undergraduates’ evaluation of information resources for coursework. It also extends that survey to identify how students from Kuwait compare with U.S. undergraduates.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:45:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-12-2015-0120
  • Information literacy and open access in Croatian academic libraries
    • First page: 255
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present results of a survey of Croatian academic libraries’ user education about Open Access (OA) related issues. The concept of OA literacy will be explained and the term will be put in the context of information literacy and scholarly communication. Design/methodology/approach An anonymous online questionnaire was sent to all the Croatian academic libraries with the aim to find out if libraries are involved in OA and to learn about plans for user education about the aspect of information literacy that is important for using OA information. Findings Almost all the libraries are involved in OA publishing, either through OA repositories or through OA journals. 22% of the libraries do not educate their users about OA. Two most important IL skills in the context of OA are finding OA information and understanding OA citation advantage. Academic libraries in Croatia mostly recognize the questionable publishers as a threat for OA. 40% of libraries do not plan any form of education about OA literacy. Practical implications The results of this research can be a basis for creating programs of user education in academic libraries. Some problems are recognized, some skills are identified, and further steps could be undertaken to improve academic library users’ OA literacy skills. Originality/value The research results contribute to understanding the importance of academic libraries in developing OA literacy of their users. The paper gives results of a survey of Croatian academic libraries as well as some new perspectives for authors, readers and libraries on how to evaluate OA sources using OA literacy skills.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:45:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-01-2016-0009
  • Saudi students, American academic library: a survey
    • First page: 267
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose This study investigated the experiences, both academic and interpersonal, of a cohort of Saudi Arabian students in using the library of a medium-sized American university. It also examined how those experiences were similar to, or different from, those of other international students observed in earlier research studies conducted in American academic libraries. Design/methodology/approach The project used an online and paper survey that queried 169 Saudi Arabian students who were studying at Robert Morris University in 2015. Findings The study determined that many survey subjects struggled with language issues, the unfamiliar structure of American libraries and interpersonal communication with library staff. It also found that the respondents believed that formal instruction in the use of the library was helpful to them. Research limitations/implications The broad nature of the survey precluded comparison with a control group of students. The findings regarding the subjects’ interactions with library staff were, in some cases, ambiguous. Additional study will be necessary to clarify those experiences. Practical implications The study's findings strongly support the value of formal library instruction programs for international students as well as the need for libraries to highly prioritize the importance of interpersonal communication in their services. Originality/value This is the first study to focus on the library experiences of Saudi Arabian students in an American academic library. It is of value to librarians and administrators as well as individuals who design and provide academic support services for international students.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:45:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2015-0112
  • A subject specialist centric model for library resources management in
           academic libraries
    • First page: 281
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose Purpose - The purpose of this study is to analyze factors affecting decision-making on libraries’ electronic resources management under the situation of tight budgets in Canadian research universities. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach - Interview was adopted to investigate library resources management leaders’ opinions from English-speaking university members of the Group of Canadian Research University Libraries (U15). Findings Findings - A comprehensive model is developed for library resources’ management. Subject Specialists are the key of the model integrating marketing roles and evaluation roles. Research limitations/implications The main limitations for this study is the small sample size of interview candidates and it may have application limitations on other types of libraries and universities in different areas. Practical implications This study generates a comprehensive model based on past research, contributing to future library decision making practices Originality/value It develops a subject-specialist centric model of library resources value assessment and brings the element of culture into future studies of academic library
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:46:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2015-0084
  • Understanding research students’ behavioural intention in the adoption
           of digital libraries: a Pakistani perspective
    • First page: 295
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose The objective of this study was to investigate the factors that influence adoption of Higher Education Commission (HEC) National Digital Library among research students in different universities of Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach The study framework was based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). A sample of Pakistani university students completed the questionnaire measuring affect of extraneous stimuli through cognitive responses on adoption of HEC digital library. In order to test the research hypotheses, multiple regression analysis was used. Findings The findings revealed that: 1) cognitive responses predicted students' intention of using HEC digital library; 2) extraneous variables significantly influenced cognitive responses; 3) system characteristics directly affected usefulness and ease of use; 4) interface characteristics directly influenced cognitive responses and; 5) individual differences significantly influenced the ease of use. Similarly, system quality was identified with the highest direct affect on usefulness while navigation has a highest influence on easy use of HEC digital library of Pakistan. In addition, usefulness was explored with the highest affect on intention to use HEC digital library of Pakistan. The findings suggested that individual behaviours influence use of digital libraries and imply that acceptance of an information system involve cognitive idiosyncrasies. Findings of the study are useful for Pakistani academic librarians to enhance adoption and usability of HEC digital library of Pakistan. The study extended cross-cultural validation of TAM and explored that how Pakistani university students utilize HEC digital library. Research limitations/implications The findings of the study also have significant implications for librarians in other developing countries, such as to evaluate usability of digital libraries from individuals' perspective, create awareness, customize users' interface and train students in navigational techniques. It may also facilitate librarians to improve their current levels of library assistance and emphasize the usefulness of digital libraries towards academic excellence. The findings equally suggest that individual behaviours influence the use of digital libraries because acceptance of an information system involves cognitive idiosyncrasies. This study explored the possible links between the study constructs and emphasized that findings are useful to enhance the adoption and usability of digital library in developing countries. Originality/value This study is the first attempt that empirically assessed the adoption of digital librarianship in terms of Pakistani academic libraries. the study validated TAM in the context of Pakistani university librarianship and extended the cross-cultural validation of TAM. Furthermore, the study is useful in terms of eastern cultural that has focused on real constructs instead of dummy variables and predicted significant effects on acceptance and rejection of digital libraries.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:44:51Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0070
  • The role of libraries in the dissemination of health information in
           Botswana: a study of Mochudi and Molepolole public libraries
    • First page: 320
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose This paper investigated the role of public libraries in the dissemination of health information in the southern part of Botswana, namely Kgatleng and Kweneng districts. It also explored how these libraries market health information services to the community they serve. The study also used Health Information Acquisition model to get an understanding on how public library users seek health information. Design/methodology/approach The survey research design was chosen for the study and purposive sampling procedure was used to obtain the sample size of the population. The sample size consisted of one hundred and twenty respondents and six interviewees. Data were collected from both library staff and users using questionnaires and interviews. Findings The results of the study showed that public libraries are striving to provide accurate and useful health information to members of the community by collecting and availing both print and electronic health information sources. The findings further indicated that public libraries have marketing programmes that they use on raising awareness of health information to their clientele. The marketing programmes include outreach, library brochures/leaflets, newsletters and library exhibitions. The results of the study also showed that there were some challenges that hindered the library users to access and use health information (e.g. lack of appropriateness of information resources and limited number of health information sources). Originality/value For better dissemination of health information, public libraries should establish working relationships with health agencies and communication organisations or media houses with the objective of cooperative developments of collections, referrals and shared training.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:45:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-05-2015-0051
  • Library and information science education as ignition source for services
           in non-academic special libraries
    • First page: 350
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 4/5, July 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the number, difference and ratio of professionals and non-professionals heading non-academic special libraries. This study also explored the difference of provision of services, based on educational qualifications. Design/methodology/approach Quantitative survey research method and questionnaire as a data collection tool was used to conduct the study. The questionnaire contained four educational levels against the eighteen services variables. Being no list or directory available, 71 special libraries were assured to be there in Lahore through snowball sampling technique. Forty-four out of seventy-one returned questionnaires were analyzed using Chi-Square test in Statistical Package for Social Sciences Findings Findings indicated that 56% of the libraries were headed by LIS professionals, while rest of 44 % of the libraries were headed by persons with no professional education. Chi-Square test’s P value indicated the significant difference in the orientation, reference service, and document reservation service. The professionally qualified library managers were found better at providing librarians end services. Originality/value The present study is the first of its kind in Pakistan, which marked the vacant positions and indicated the differences of services based on level of education. It depicted the Electronic, Librarians End, and Technical Knowledge and Multi factor services and measured its variation on the educational grounds.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-05-25T11:46:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2015-0083
  • A formal definition of Big Data based on its essential features
    • Authors: Andrea De Mauro, Marco Greco, Michele Grimaldi
      First page: 122
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose This article identifies and describes the most prominent research areas connected with ‘Big Data’ and proposes a thorough definition of the term. Design/methodology/approach We have analyzed a conspicuous corpus of industry and academia articles linked with Big Data in order to find commonalities among the topics they treated. We have also compiled a survey of existing definitions with a view of generating a more solid one that encompasses most of the work happening in the field. Findings We have found that the main themes of Big Data are: Information, Technology, Methods and Impact. We propose a new definition for the term that reads as follows: "Big Data is the Information asset characterized by such a High Volume, Velocity and Variety to require specific Technology and Analytical Methods for its transformation into Value." Practical implications The formal definition we propose can enable a more coherent development of the concept of Big Data, as it solely relies on the essential strands of current state-of-art and is coherent with the most popular definitions currently used. Originality/value This is among the first structured attempts of building a convincing definition of Big Data. It also contains an original exploration of the topic in connection with library management.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:44:22Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0061
  • Integration of institutional repositories and e-learning platforms for
           supporting disabled students in the higher education context
    • Authors: Christos Skourlas, Anastasios Tsolakidis, Petros Belsis, Dimitris Vassis, Argyrw Kampouraki, Panos Kakoulidis, Georgios A. Giannakopoulos
      First page: 136
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose IInstitutional repositories (IR) are usually used to archive and manage digital collections including research results, educational material, etc. learning management systems (LMS) form a popular basis for e-learning and blended learning. In this paper we study how to integrate institutional repositories and learning management systems to support accessibility of disabled students, and students with learning difficulties (dyslexic students) in higher education. Customised ontologies focusing on disabled students can be used to facilitate indexing, and access of items in the repository. Design/methodology/approach We propose a simple methodological approach to establish an integrating system for supporting accessibility. First, we review research works related to adaptive learning environments (ALEs), and blended learning, and discuss issues of the interoperability of institutional repositories and learning management systems. Then, based on the review, we discuss the use of an integrated adaptive learning environment for supporting disabled students in the domain of higher technological education. The integrated system is based on institutional repositories, learning management systems, and assistive and adaptive technology. The open source software platform DSpace is used to build up the repository applications Use of OWL ontologies is also proposed for indexing and accessing the various, heterogeneous items stored in the repository. Various open source learning management systems (e.g., openeclass) could be used to build up the integrated system. Finally, we describe experimentation with a prototype implemented to provide the mentioned capabilities. Findings The technology is mature enough for building up integrated systems, combining capabilities of institutional repositories and learning management systems, for supporting disabled students. The use of ontologies focused on disabled students could facilitate the use of such integrated systems. Customization and operation of a platform, for the selection and use of portions of OWL ontologies, could be based on the open source software Protégé. Such a platform forms a basis in order to create an appropriate ontology suitable for specific domains e.g., the domain of technological education. Finally, we argue that the combined use of the OWL platform and the DSpace repository with open source learning management systems platforms could support domain experts for creating customised ontologies, and facilitating searching. Originality/value A new perception of the term Integrated system for supporting disabled students in the higher education context is presented. This perception tries to combine the institutional repositories technology that supports the self-archiving approach of information, open learning management systems technology, and the user-centered approach to support students, and manage the “life of information”.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:45:25Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2015-0088
  • Modeling the development of the online conference’s services
    • Authors: Damianos P. Sakas, Dimitrios S. Vlachos, Dimitrios K. Nasiopoulos
      First page: 160
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose The integrated purpose of the libraries’ communication plan in general, is to create and accomplish scientific events aiming, first of all, at covering the extensive demand for the scientific conferences. Their primary objective is to raise the prestigious brand name of their organization, which constitutes the organizing authority. At the same time, this authority, except for its non-profit charitable profile, aims to financial gains by attracting participants for its sustainability. Furthermore, these academic events have contributed to the utmost dissemination of the library’s brand name to an expanding mass of people to the extent of attracting new visitors (Broady-Preston, J. and Lobo, A., 2011). One of the qualitative academic events, among others, is the creation of academic-nature events, whose following-up is blocked by a multitude of financial barriers according to the new visitors’ viewpoint. Considering the economic crisis, we have as a purpose the creation of interesting, in the science of library, online events, just like the online conferences (Broady-Preston, J., and Swain, W., 2012). Design/methodology/approach This paper highlights the advantages of the dynamic modeling of systems aimed at developing a successful online conference. In this research, we have used the science of design and the research methodology for testing the concept of modeling. Findings This paper examines the interface among several dimensions for the development of dynamic models. The validity and usefulness of those models in the process of decision-making, has been confirmed by the usage of dynamic models in various sectors. Originality/value This paper applies the system and the concepts of dynamic modelling, which are pioneering elements as to their nature and evolution.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:44:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0063
  • Applying Delphi method for strategic design of social entrepreneurship
    • Authors: Androniki Kavoura, Tuula Andersson
      First page: 185
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose The paper examines the strategic design for entrepreneurial activity. This study examines and evaluates qualitative Delphi methodology used in a research for the strategy development needs of entrepreneurship counseling and education. The strategic design presented may well apply to non-profit organisations due to the fact that limited resources in funding of non-profit organisations exist. Design/methodology/approach This paper introduces methodological considerations of applying Delphi method to the strategy development for an entrepreneurship counselling design, taking Ensimetri - an entrepreneurship counseling organisation in Finland as a case study, and the potential in applying this strategic design projects to libraries and information management centers. Findings The research provides a framework on entrepreneurial strategic design. The top-ten items that emerged from this research may provide the framework for the development of entrepreneurial strategic design. They may be used to further examine our understanding for the strategy development needs of entrepreneurship counseling and education since very limited research has taken place on this issue. Issues of culture are discussed. Findings illustrate that respondents would appreciate guidance on the initiation of entrepreneurial activities from the university that are associated with programmes and services provided that may help them on the initiation of entrepreneurial activities. Libraries may use the integrated information systems they employ. This exploratory study found that cultural values may influence entrepreneurship intention. Gender issues are also discussed in regard to the strategic design of entrepreneurial activity adding to the existing literature for gender differences in attitude. The research provides a framework on entrepreneurial strategic design, the role of Universities with the use of integrated information systems and library services to the initiation of such entrepreneurial activities also emerges. Practical implications Findings of this research may well apply in non-profit organisations such as libraries and information and communication sectors where in periods of economic crisis social entrepreneurship can be adopted so that these organisations become profitable. Education has also a role to play in the development of entrepreneurship. Originality/value The application of Delphi method to entrepreneurial research, and the use of this design to seek intention and attitudes by and for information professionals and marketers, may in fact contribute to the implementation of social entrepreneurship. Very limited research has taken place to explore entrepreneurial intention. The paper discusses a new methodology which can also be used outside Finland and is of relevance to the information profession. This research makes a theoretical and practical contribution on social entrepreneurial potential and its strategic design. Implications for social entrepreneurship are provided. The implementation of information and communications technologies, the role of social media networks and issues associated with culture are discussed for strategic communication.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:43:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0062
  • Self-other agreement for improving communication in libraries and
           information services
    • Authors: Ioannis C. Drivas, Damianos P. Sakas, Georgios A. Giannakopoulos
      First page: 206
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to examine the Self-Other Agreement between leaders and employees in the sector of Libraries and Information Services in order to construct a sustainable and strategic communicational process among library directors and staff. Design/methodology/approach A sample of 135 leaders-employees of 17 Organizations of Library and Information Services in more than five countries answered on a quantitative methodological research instrument in a multiplicity of variables. Statistical analysis of Independent Samples t-Test was used to testify our research hypotheses. Findings Results indicated that there is a difference in means between the two independent samples (Leaders-Employees). There are library leaders who rate themselves quite high and there are employees who rate their leaders with lower evaluations. Research limitations/implications This research extends and improves the matter of Self-Other Agreement in the sector of Library and Information Services through the collection of data indicated a possible gap of communication and trustworthiness between leaders and employees. Practical implications Regardless of the difference or the consensus of ratings among leaders and employees, the results of this research could be served as a stimulus plus as a starting point for library leaders by correcting or developing relations of communication and trustworthiness between them and their followers. Originality/value Self-Other Agreement is one of the major factors that positively or negatively affect the overall operation of the organization in the way a leader could perceive the additional feedback. In the sector of Library and Information Services the study of Self-Other Agreement is a rich and unexplored research area which deserves further analysis.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:45:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0064
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