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Journal Cover Library Review
  [SJR: 0.573]   [H-I: 11]   [652 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0024-2535
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • A formal definition of Big Data based on its essential features
    • Authors: Andrea De Mauro, Marco Greco, Michele Grimaldi
      First page: 122
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose This article identifies and describes the most prominent research areas connected with ‘Big Data’ and proposes a thorough definition of the term. Design/methodology/approach We have analyzed a conspicuous corpus of industry and academia articles linked with Big Data in order to find commonalities among the topics they treated. We have also compiled a survey of existing definitions with a view of generating a more solid one that encompasses most of the work happening in the field. Findings We have found that the main themes of Big Data are: Information, Technology, Methods and Impact. We propose a new definition for the term that reads as follows: "Big Data is the Information asset characterized by such a High Volume, Velocity and Variety to require specific Technology and Analytical Methods for its transformation into Value." Practical implications The formal definition we propose can enable a more coherent development of the concept of Big Data, as it solely relies on the essential strands of current state-of-art and is coherent with the most popular definitions currently used. Originality/value This is among the first structured attempts of building a convincing definition of Big Data. It also contains an original exploration of the topic in connection with library management.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:44:22Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0061
       
  • Integration of institutional repositories and e-learning platforms for
           supporting disabled students in the higher education context
    • Authors: Christos Skourlas, Anastasios Tsolakidis, Petros Belsis, Dimitris Vassis, Argyrw Kampouraki, Panos Kakoulidis, Georgios A. Giannakopoulos
      First page: 136
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose IInstitutional repositories (IR) are usually used to archive and manage digital collections including research results, educational material, etc. learning management systems (LMS) form a popular basis for e-learning and blended learning. In this paper we study how to integrate institutional repositories and learning management systems to support accessibility of disabled students, and students with learning difficulties (dyslexic students) in higher education. Customised ontologies focusing on disabled students can be used to facilitate indexing, and access of items in the repository. Design/methodology/approach We propose a simple methodological approach to establish an integrating system for supporting accessibility. First, we review research works related to adaptive learning environments (ALEs), and blended learning, and discuss issues of the interoperability of institutional repositories and learning management systems. Then, based on the review, we discuss the use of an integrated adaptive learning environment for supporting disabled students in the domain of higher technological education. The integrated system is based on institutional repositories, learning management systems, and assistive and adaptive technology. The open source software platform DSpace is used to build up the repository applications Use of OWL ontologies is also proposed for indexing and accessing the various, heterogeneous items stored in the repository. Various open source learning management systems (e.g., openeclass) could be used to build up the integrated system. Finally, we describe experimentation with a prototype implemented to provide the mentioned capabilities. Findings The technology is mature enough for building up integrated systems, combining capabilities of institutional repositories and learning management systems, for supporting disabled students. The use of ontologies focused on disabled students could facilitate the use of such integrated systems. Customization and operation of a platform, for the selection and use of portions of OWL ontologies, could be based on the open source software Protégé. Such a platform forms a basis in order to create an appropriate ontology suitable for specific domains e.g., the domain of technological education. Finally, we argue that the combined use of the OWL platform and the DSpace repository with open source learning management systems platforms could support domain experts for creating customised ontologies, and facilitating searching. Originality/value A new perception of the term Integrated system for supporting disabled students in the higher education context is presented. This perception tries to combine the institutional repositories technology that supports the self-archiving approach of information, open learning management systems technology, and the user-centered approach to support students, and manage the “life of information”.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:45:25Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2015-0088
       
  • Modeling the development of the online conference’s services
    • Authors: Damianos P. Sakas, Dimitrios S. Vlachos, Dimitrios K. Nasiopoulos
      First page: 160
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose The integrated purpose of the libraries’ communication plan in general, is to create and accomplish scientific events aiming, first of all, at covering the extensive demand for the scientific conferences. Their primary objective is to raise the prestigious brand name of their organization, which constitutes the organizing authority. At the same time, this authority, except for its non-profit charitable profile, aims to financial gains by attracting participants for its sustainability. Furthermore, these academic events have contributed to the utmost dissemination of the library’s brand name to an expanding mass of people to the extent of attracting new visitors (Broady-Preston, J. and Lobo, A., 2011). One of the qualitative academic events, among others, is the creation of academic-nature events, whose following-up is blocked by a multitude of financial barriers according to the new visitors’ viewpoint. Considering the economic crisis, we have as a purpose the creation of interesting, in the science of library, online events, just like the online conferences (Broady-Preston, J., and Swain, W., 2012). Design/methodology/approach This paper highlights the advantages of the dynamic modeling of systems aimed at developing a successful online conference. In this research, we have used the science of design and the research methodology for testing the concept of modeling. Findings This paper examines the interface among several dimensions for the development of dynamic models. The validity and usefulness of those models in the process of decision-making, has been confirmed by the usage of dynamic models in various sectors. Originality/value This paper applies the system and the concepts of dynamic modelling, which are pioneering elements as to their nature and evolution.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:44:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0063
       
  • Applying Delphi method for strategic design of social entrepreneurship
    • Authors: Androniki Kavoura, Tuula Andersson
      First page: 185
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose The paper examines the strategic design for entrepreneurial activity. This study examines and evaluates qualitative Delphi methodology used in a research for the strategy development needs of entrepreneurship counseling and education. The strategic design presented may well apply to non-profit organisations due to the fact that limited resources in funding of non-profit organisations exist. Design/methodology/approach This paper introduces methodological considerations of applying Delphi method to the strategy development for an entrepreneurship counselling design, taking Ensimetri - an entrepreneurship counseling organisation in Finland as a case study, and the potential in applying this strategic design projects to libraries and information management centers. Findings The research provides a framework on entrepreneurial strategic design. The top-ten items that emerged from this research may provide the framework for the development of entrepreneurial strategic design. They may be used to further examine our understanding for the strategy development needs of entrepreneurship counseling and education since very limited research has taken place on this issue. Issues of culture are discussed. Findings illustrate that respondents would appreciate guidance on the initiation of entrepreneurial activities from the university that are associated with programmes and services provided that may help them on the initiation of entrepreneurial activities. Libraries may use the integrated information systems they employ. This exploratory study found that cultural values may influence entrepreneurship intention. Gender issues are also discussed in regard to the strategic design of entrepreneurial activity adding to the existing literature for gender differences in attitude. The research provides a framework on entrepreneurial strategic design, the role of Universities with the use of integrated information systems and library services to the initiation of such entrepreneurial activities also emerges. Practical implications Findings of this research may well apply in non-profit organisations such as libraries and information and communication sectors where in periods of economic crisis social entrepreneurship can be adopted so that these organisations become profitable. Education has also a role to play in the development of entrepreneurship. Originality/value The application of Delphi method to entrepreneurial research, and the use of this design to seek intention and attitudes by and for information professionals and marketers, may in fact contribute to the implementation of social entrepreneurship. Very limited research has taken place to explore entrepreneurial intention. The paper discusses a new methodology which can also be used outside Finland and is of relevance to the information profession. This research makes a theoretical and practical contribution on social entrepreneurial potential and its strategic design. Implications for social entrepreneurship are provided. The implementation of information and communications technologies, the role of social media networks and issues associated with culture are discussed for strategic communication.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:43:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0062
       
  • Self-other agreement for improving communication in libraries and
           information services
    • Authors: Ioannis C. Drivas, Damianos P. Sakas, Georgios A. Giannakopoulos
      First page: 206
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 3, April 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to examine the Self-Other Agreement between leaders and employees in the sector of Libraries and Information Services in order to construct a sustainable and strategic communicational process among library directors and staff. Design/methodology/approach A sample of 135 leaders-employees of 17 Organizations of Library and Information Services in more than five countries answered on a quantitative methodological research instrument in a multiplicity of variables. Statistical analysis of Independent Samples t-Test was used to testify our research hypotheses. Findings Results indicated that there is a difference in means between the two independent samples (Leaders-Employees). There are library leaders who rate themselves quite high and there are employees who rate their leaders with lower evaluations. Research limitations/implications This research extends and improves the matter of Self-Other Agreement in the sector of Library and Information Services through the collection of data indicated a possible gap of communication and trustworthiness between leaders and employees. Practical implications Regardless of the difference or the consensus of ratings among leaders and employees, the results of this research could be served as a stimulus plus as a starting point for library leaders by correcting or developing relations of communication and trustworthiness between them and their followers. Originality/value Self-Other Agreement is one of the major factors that positively or negatively affect the overall operation of the organization in the way a leader could perceive the additional feedback. In the sector of Library and Information Services the study of Self-Other Agreement is a rich and unexplored research area which deserves further analysis.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:45:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0064
       
  • The book: production and participation
    • Authors: Sarah Elizabeth Luck, John William Lamp, Annemieke Craig, Jo Coldwell-Neilson
      Pages: 2 - 19
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 2-19, February 2016.
      Purpose – The focus of this paper is on the benefits that may eventuate through new mechanisms of production and distribution. As we enter the twenty-first century, the nature of the book and the structure of the industry which produces it are undergoing radical transformation, as developments in information technology offer new mechanisms for production and distribution. Most of the discussion of these changes is conducted from the perspective of what has been lost through these changes. Design/methodology/approach – This paper reviews the history of the book from the perspective of the disruptive effects of the changes in production technology and impact on the roles involved in production, distribution and reading of books. Darnton’s Communication Circuit is updated to predict future limiting factors and opportunities for participation. Findings – The evolution of the book has seen successive categories of workers involved in book production supplanted by the adoption of new technology. The updated Darnton’s model suggests that the roles involved in the production and distribution of the book will, however, be supplanted in favour of authors and readers of the book in the future. Social implications – The predicted changes will alter the roles of authors and book users. Originality/value – This paper suggests a novel approach to the discussion of the future of book publication and suggests future developments.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:57:23Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-02-2015-0018
       
  • Personal factors supporting intercultural communication in e-learning of
           information sciences
    • Authors: Anne Uukkivi
      Pages: 20 - 32
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 20-32, February 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the personal factors for both the students and the lecturers that support intercultural communication in library and information science (LIS) e-learning. Research was conducted to explore the factors supporting intercultural communication in LIS e-learning. Design/methodology/approach – Using case study, the opinion of students of two LIS curricula about the factors that support intercultural communication in e-learning has been determined. The data have been collected using e-interviews and document analysis. Document analysis and constant comparative analysis method were used for analysing collected data. Findings – Intercultural communication in the e-learning of LIS curriculum was supported by pedagogical, personal, cultural and technological factors. In this paper, the personal factors are emphasised. These factors are the supporting characteristics of the students and lecturers, their motivation, similarities between co-students and the competence of the students. Practical implications – Results of the research project are necessary to improve the curricula and to plan and conduct learning process. The results explain possibilities for supporting the students in international e-learning. Originality/value – The results of the present study concerning the personal factors and their respective support differed – when compared to previous studies – in the following aspects: LIS students brought forward the characteristics that support intercultural communication in e-learning, were willing to gain extra knowledge and skills and considered information literacy and knowledge about written communication important but, at the same time, less-often mentioned the problems emerging from lags.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:57:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-01-2015-0002
       
  • Perception of cloud computing in developing countries
    • Authors: Mayank Yuvaraj
      Pages: 33 - 51
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 33-51, February 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of librarians engaged in Indian academic libraries towards cloud computing. Design/methodology/approach – A structured questionnaire was used to collect responses from the library professionals engaged in Indian academic libraries. Overall, 339 respondents participated in the survey. Descriptive survey method was used in the study. Findings – The findings of the study reveal that library professionals are using cloud-computing tools in their daily works. They want to adopt cloud computing in the libraries to improve library services and avoid redundancy of works. Ubiquitous availability, economy and the various service layers are the core drivers of its adoption in the libraries. The respondents showed their concern over security and data privacy in cloud. Practical implications – The study establishes the fact that the benefits of cloud computing are inadequate to convince the libraries to migrate from the traditional computing paradigm to the cloud. Technological advancement may not transform the cloud into a mainstream technology. To motivate the expansion of cloud computing adoption, emphasis has to be laid upon collaboration between the cloud service providers supplemented by solid cloud legislations which need to be worked out. Originality/value – The paper provides the perceptions of library professionals in response to the adoption of cloud computing.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:56:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-02-2015-0015
       
  • Application of word co-occurrence analysis method in mapping of the
           scientific fields (case study: the field of Informetrics)
    • Authors: Mehri Sedighi
      Pages: 52 - 64
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 52-64, February 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this article is to investigate the use of word co-occurrence analysis method in mapping of the scientific fields with emphasis on the field of Informetrics. Design/methodology/approach – This is an applied study using scientometrics, co-word analysis and network analysis and its steps are summarised as follows: collecting the data related to the Informetrics field indexed in Web of Science (WOS) database, refining and standardising the keywords of the extracted articles from WOS and preparing a selected list of these keywords, drawing the word co-occurrence map in the Informetrics field and analysing of results. Findings – Based on the resulted maps the concepts such as information science, library, bibliometric analysis, innovation and text mining are the most widely used topics in the field of Informetrics. The co-word occurrence maps drawn at different periods show the changes and stabilities in the concepts related to the field of Informetrics. A number of topics such as “bibliometric analysis” are present in all years, whereas others such as “innovation” have disappeared. New topics emerge as a recombination of existing topics and in interaction with new (technological) developments. Originality/value – The results of these analytical studies can be used as a guide for determining research priorities in the scientific fields, and also for planning and management in academic institutions.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:56:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-07-2015-0075
       
  • Knowledge sharing behaviors among non academic staff of higher learning
           institutions
    • Authors: Muhammad Sabbir Rahman, Aahad M Osmangani, Nuraihan Mat Daud, Fadi Abdel Muniem AbdelFattah
      Pages: 65 - 83
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 65-83, February 2016.
      Purpose – This paper aims to develop and combined an understanding of the antecedents of knowledge sharing behavior among the non-academic staff of different higher learning institutions in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach – The researchers tested the hypotheses from the survey data from the non-academic staff of different private and public higher learning institutions in Malaysia. This research also applied confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling to examine the proposed hypothesis of this inquiry. Findings – The results indicate that attitude and subjective norms both influence the staff knowledge sharing behavior significantly and positively. Additionally, this research also revealed that intention of knowledge sharing variable plays a substantial role as a mediating variable in those relationships. Research limitations/implications – This research is a cross-sectional survey. As a result, the limited sample size in this study may affect the power of generalizability. Further research may prove the model across different times to respect the nature of the knowledge sharing behavior among the non-academic staff of higher learning institutions. Practical implications – The results of this research clearly explain how academic institutions may proceed for knowledge sharing culture in their respective department by considering the variables used in this inquiry. If the office of any academic institution feels that the knowledge sharing among the non-academic staff is still low, they can utilize the factors as a tool to facilitate the advancement of the knowledge sharing environment in their respective sections. Originality/value – Previous research primarily focuses on the knowledge sharing behavior of students and lectures ' perspective. This research minimizes the gap by including the non-academic staff of higher learning institutions. In summation, this research also examined the mediating role of knowledge sharing intention in the relationship between attitude, subjective norms and knowledge sharing behavior.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:56:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-02-2015-0017
       
  • Primary records: what future?
    • Authors: John Abdul Kargbo
      Pages: 84 - 92
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 84-92, February 2016.
      Purpose – This paper aims to, invariably, critically look at primary records, their origins, categorization, uses and what the future holds for them, amid changing times. From the cradle of civilization, people have been using varied ways to record, store and distribute information. Years back, people kept their records on such materials as wax, papyrus, leather, clay, parchment, paper and wood. But recent technological developments have brought about different formats which in turn have influenced the choice of materials and methods used to write and circulate information. Design/methodology/approach – This is a viewpoint paper on primary documents in library and information service institutions. The paper critically looks at the different types of primary documents, how they are collected, the challenges involved and their future amid changing technological times. Relevant literature was consulted, including the Internet. Findings – The findings are that the future of primary documents will remain bleak if librarians, curators, records managers and archivists do not give serious thought to primary documents regardless of the fact that they are germane in library and information science. Originality/value – This is a viewpoint paper on primary documents. Relevant information was drawn from varied readings in library and information service institutions as well as from the Internet.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:57:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2015-0082
       
  • A comparative study of information literacy provision at university
           libraries in South Africa and the United Arab Emirates
    • Authors: Mathew Moyo, Judith Mavodza
      Pages: 93 - 107
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 93-107, February 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish and compare the provision of information literacy (IL) skills to university students both at undergraduate and graduate levels in South Africa (SA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This could in turn inform the development of appropriate/suitable IL programmes to support teaching and learning. Design/methodology/approach – A review of available scholarly papers is performed for information collection. Findings – The findings can identify variations in IL provision within and across disciplines, deficiencies in local current and ongoing research. Research limitations/implications – It must be noted that this is a review and conclusions from it are expected to reveal areas that require more in-depth study. Practical implications – The study’s contribution to the field of IL lies in its revelation of what is understood by IL provision and how the ACRL standards are used to guide practice in the two different regions of the world. Originality/value – The study is the first of its kind which compares IL practices at university libraries in SA and the UAE. It will assist policymakers and librarians in the development of appropriate IL programmes in support of teaching and learning.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2015-0069
       
  • Children’s section of the Jaffna Public Library: user satisfaction
           survey
    • Authors: Kalpana Chandrasekar, Nadarajah Sivathaasan
      Pages: 108 - 119
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 65, Issue 1/2, Page 108-119, February 2016.
      Purpose – This survey research aims to investigate the level of satisfaction among children (up to 14 years) with regard to facilities and services available at the children’s section of the Jaffna Public Library (JPL, Sri Lanka). Design/methodology/approach – A structured questionnaire was distributed among randomly selected members of the children’s section, JPL. Data collected via the structured questionnaire were analysed using SPSS 22.0. In addition to the descriptive analysis, independent samples t-test and f-test were conducted to observe the influence of personal variables on different facets of user satisfaction. Findings – The response rate was 67 per cent. Descriptive analysis showed that the prime purpose of visiting the children’s section (JPL) is reading books and other materials. With regard to frequency of visit, 86 per cent of the respondents visit the library three to four times in a week or at least once a week. Results of the f-test indicated that there is no significant difference among different age groups for overall satisfaction of children’s section facilities and services. Results of the t-test revealed that female children are more satisfied with the library environment compared to males. Further, the level of satisfaction with shelf arrangement, library environment and children’s programmes differed significantly between children studying in the bilingual and the Tamil mediums. Originality/value – This study reports the empirical findings of the user survey carried out at the children’s section of the JPL.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T12:57:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-05-2015-0050
       
 
 
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