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Journal Cover   Library Review
  [SJR: 0.573]   [H-I: 11]   [772 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0024-2535
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [309 journals]
  • Text mining: an analysis of research published under the subject category
           ‘Information Science Library Science’ in Web of Science
           Database during 1999-2013
    • Authors: Shubhada Prashant Nagarkar
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 3, April 2015. Purpose The aim of this work was to analyse text mining literature indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) under the ‘Information Science Library Science’ sub category. More specifically, it analyses the chronological growth of text mining literature, and the major countries, institutions, departments and individuals contributing to text mining literature. Collaboration in text mining research is also analysed. Design/methodology/approach Bibliographic and citation data required for this research were retrieved from WoS database. Text mining being a multidisciplinary field, the search was restricted to ‘Information Science Library Science’ sub category in the WoS. A comprehensive query statement covering all synonyms of ‘text mining’ was prepared using the Boolean operator ‘OR’. Microsoft Excel and HistCite software were used for data analysis. Pajek and VoSviewer were used for data visualization Findings It was found that USA is the major producer of text mining research literature and the highest number of papers were published in the Journal of The American Medical Informatics. Columbia University ranked first both in number of articles and citations received in the top ten institutes publishing text mining literature. It was also observed that six out of the top ten sub divisions of institutions are either from medicine or medical informatics or biomedical information. H.C. Chen and C. Friedman were seen to be the most prolific authors. Research limitations/implications The paper analyses articles on text mining published during 1999-2013 in WoS under the sub category Information Science Library Science’. Originality/value The paper is based on empirical data exclusively gathered for this research.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:22:06 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2014-0091
  • Knowledge Sharing Strategies on Traditional vegetables for Supporting Food
           Security in Kilosa District, Tanzania
    • Authors: Monica Samuel Chipungahelo
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 3, April 2015. Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine knowledge sharing on traditional vegetables for supporting food security among farmers and other communities in Kilosa district ,Tanzania Design/methodology/approach The case study design was employed. Semi -structured questionnaires with both open and closed ended were used to collect quantitative data in three wards of Kilosa , District in Tanzania. Interviews were use to collect qualitative data from three head of farmer groups and direct observation was used to validate findings obtained from questionnaires. Findings The results showed that farmers used socialization approach to share indigenous knowledge about traditional vegetables on production, consumption and preservation Research limitations/implications The study necessitates a need to conduct regular studies on sharing knowledge of traditional vegetables among different communities for supporting food security Practical implications The paper provides a frame work for agricultural development planners on how to improve the management of indigenous knowledge on traditional vegetables with scientific knowledge in local communities for improving food security in Tanzania Originality/value The study provides an appropriate knowledge sharing strategies which are needed to improve sharing of indigenous knowledge about traditional vegetables in Tanzania and other developed and developing countries
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:22:06 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-10-2014-0105
  • The Information-Seeking Behavior of Mosque Speechmakers (MSs) in the State
           of Kuwait
    • Authors: Essam A. H. Mansour
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 3, April 2015. Purpose The main purpose of this paper is to reveal the cover of research regarding Mosque Speechmakers (MSs) in the Arabic environment. The researcher tries to investigate the information-seeking behavior of MSs in the state of Kuwait in terms of their thoughts, approaches, habits, preferences, tools and problems met when using of and accessing information. Design/methodology/approach The author employed a questionnaire, with a response rate 70.6 percent (561/795). Findings The findings of the study revealed that most of MSs in Kuwait tend to be older (aged over 35 years), educated (mostly with BA degrees) and with an average monthly income over 300 KD ($1000 = 282 KD). The study showed that MSs were significantly seeking information to make a specific/general research, to collect necessary statistics, to make a speech/sermon and to present religious sermons/lectures. They preferred to use the home/personal library as well as the special library, specifically the Mosque library. The information seeking behavior of a large number of them indicated a preference for printed sources over electronic sources, and a good number preferred to access information through the audio-visual materials as well as the Web. A very small number of them were looking for information for the purpose of making a speech (Friday speech/sermon). The study also showed that the most important sources of information MSs were seeking for were biographies, specialized books, particularly Islamic books, mass media (press, TV, videos, .. etc). The study also showed that a large number of MSs were poor in the usage of foreign languages, and this in turn has negatively affected to take advantage of the vast information available in these languages. The unpretentious role of the library to deliver requested information, the use of foreign languages as well as the high cost of information were the most significant problems met by MSs when using of and accessing information. Research limitations/implications This paper investigates the topic of MSs’ use of and access to information. This topic, unfortunately, has limited previous research, especially in the Arabic and Islamic environment. Practical implications The paper provides valuable insight into the information behavior of a very important client group, namely Mosque Speechmakers (MSs) Originality/value Being the second one of its type throughout the Arab world, this study is characterized to be a distinguishing one among several studies conducted in the area of the information-seeking behaviour, especially with such a significant group of information users/seekers. Any findings resulted from this study may help in a better understanding of the MSs’ information-seeking behaviour, and may also help policy and decision-makers (Mosques and Islamic institutions) as well as religious information service providers to understand well the nature of these beneficiaries of information sources and to enrich the awareness of researchers and professionals on the topic of information-seeking behavior of Mosque speechmakers.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:22:04 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2014-0090
  • The Effects of Demographic variables on Knowledge Sharing
    • Authors: Henry Boateng, Michael Dzigbordi Dzandu, Franklin Gyamfi Agyemang
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 3, April 2015. Purpose The relationship between demographic variables and knowledge sharing has not been clearly established in the existing literature. This study seeks to find the role of demographic variables in knowledge sharing among teachers in senior high schools. Design/methodology/approach The survey research design was used as the methodology for the study. The participants of the study were senior high school teachers. These participants were selected using convenience sampling technique. Questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Data was anaylsed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression. Findings The study found that male teachers share more of their knowledge than female teachers. Additionally, first degree holders were found to share their knowledge more than HND holders. Originality/value This study has established the relationship between demographic variables and knowledge sharing among senior high school teachers in Ghana.
      Citation: Library Review
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 00:22:03 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-07-2014-0080
  • Use and perceptions of e-books in Derbyshire libraries
    • Authors: Graham Martindale et al
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 2-20, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of the new e-lending scheme on the users of libraries operated by Derbyshire County Council. Design/methodology/approach – A web-based questionnaire was distributed to current and recent users of the e-lending service, and 452 responses were obtained. Findings – The service is very highly valued, and its users would wish it to be continued and, if possible, extended and improved, most obviously by increasing the stock. The principal motivating factors for use of the service are convenience and time-saving, as opposed to physical remoteness from a library or accessibility issues. Originality/value – This is one of the first, and the largest, surveys in the UK of a public library e-lending service, and it provides guidance for the future development of such services.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:44:21 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-04-2014-0030
  • Skills in the market: an analysis of skills and qualifications for
           American librarians
    • Authors: Michalis Gerolimos et al
      First page: 21
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 21-35, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to create a profile of the modern American academic librarian through the content analysis method of job advertisements. Design/methodology/approach – One hundred thirty-four advertisements were analyzed in various ways, e.g. salary, skills, qualifications, duties, followed by a multivariate analysis. Findings – Most significant findings include the importance of communication skills for all academic librarians, the significance of the Library and Information Science (LIS) degree and that applicants should expect a salary of $40,000-60,000. Originality/value – This paper builds on the previous studies in the field to verify that communication skills are among the most, if not the most, desired skills for a modern librarian, and that an LIS degree is still an asset.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:25 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2014-0063
  • Do engineering master’s students know what they don’t
    • Authors: Paula C Johnson et al
      First page: 36
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 36-57, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this study was to determine whether engineering master’s students at a medium-sized university use library-provided abstracting and indexing (A&I) services (e.g. Compendex), and if they do, to what extent, in what manner and for what purposes. Design/methodology/approach – A mixed methodology approach was used to explore electronic information-seeking patterns of engineering master’s students at New Mexico State University. Usage statistics, a focus group and a Web-based survey were used, the latter composed of 17 questions using a critical incident approach and direct questions to probe: reasons for and method of search, types of materials used (with relative frequencies), means of obtaining materials and evaluations of the usefulness of five library-provided A&I services. Findings – Only 15 per cent of respondents used a subscription A&I service such as Compendex when searching specific terms. The majority of sources used were located through known term searches, and master’s learned of these information resources through article citations or conversations with colleagues. Half the respondents reported using Google Scholar to find the last scholarly article they had read. Engineering master’s students – similar to practicing engineers – evaluate the costs associated with obtaining information, and may “satisfice”. Even so, students expressed interest in increasing their knowledge of skills and strategies to find worthwhile electronic information. Originality/value – This study sheds light on engineering master’s students’ use of A&I services, and examines their perceptions of five of these services commonly provided by academic libraries.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:44:09 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-05-2014-0052
  • Performance appraisal systems in academic and research libraries in Ghana:
           a survey
    • Authors: Kwaku Agyen-Gyasi et al
      First page: 58
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 58-81, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this study is to discuss the impact of performance appraisal on the productivity levels of professional and para-professional librarians in selected academic and research libraries in Ghana, namely, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Building and Road Research Institute, Crop Research Institute and the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and the Kumasi Polytechnic. Design/methodology/approach – Both primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. The primary data involved the use of a structured questionnaire to 60 respondents, but 50 of them, representing 83.3 per cent, responded. This was supplemented by secondary sources such as records on file, journals, books and Internet sources. Findings – The survey revealed that these institutions practice performance appraisal on an annual basis as a way of promoting team work, reducing grievances, identifying employees’ strengths and weaknesses and their training needs. It was observed that these institutions do not have a common appraisal format for appraising their staff. Furthermore, only the Head Librarians carry out the appraisals instead of the Line Mangers who are always in touch with these employees on a daily basis. Originality/value – The paper will be of significant value to policymakers and administrators in academic and research institutions in the planning and implementation of performance appraisal systems. Challenges facing these institutions in implementing effective performance appraisal have been highlighted and appropriate recommendations have been made to ensure quality service delivery.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:43:58 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-02-2014-0019
  • Understanding Semantic Web: a conceptual model
    • Authors: Michael Calaresu et al
      First page: 82
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 82-100, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this article is to explore and conceptualize the Semantic Web as a term that has been widely mentioned in the literature of library and information science. More specifically, its aim is to shed light on the evolution of the Web and to highlight a previously proposed means of attempting to improve automated manipulation of Web-based data in the context of a rapidly expanding base of both users and digital content. Design/methodology/approach – The conceptual analysis presented in this paper adopts a three-dimensional model for the discussion of Semantic Web. The first dimension focuses on Semantic Web’s basic nature, purpose and history, as well as the current state and limitations of modern search systems and related software agents. The second dimension focuses on critical knowledge structures such as taxonomies, thesauri and ontologies which are understood as fundamental elements in the creation of a Semantic Web architecture. In the third dimension, an alternative conceptual model is proposed, one, which unlike more commonly prevalent Semantic Web models, offers a greater emphasis on describing the proposed structure from an interpretive viewpoint, rather than a technical one. This paper adopts an interpretive, historical and conceptual approach to the notion of the Semantic Web by reviewing the literature and by analyzing the developments associated with the Web over the past three decades. It proposes a simplified conceptual model for easy understanding. Findings – The paper provides a conceptual model of the Semantic Web that encompasses four key strata, namely, the body of human users, the body of software applications facilitating creation and consumption of documents, the body of documents themselves and a proposed layer that would improve automated manipulation of Web-based data by the software applications. Research limitations/implications – This paper will facilitate a better conceptual understanding of the Semantic Web, and thereby contribute, in a small way, to the larger body of discourse surrounding it. The conceptual model will provide a reference point for education and research purposes. Originality/value – This paper provides an original analysis of both conceptual and technical aspects of Semantic Web. The proposed conceptual model provides a new perspective on this subject.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:43:02 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2014-0097
  • Public procurement legislation and the acquisition of library materials in
           academic libraries in Malawi
    • Authors: Patrick Mapulanga
      First page: 101
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 101-117, February 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to examine the challenges and opportunities the new public procurement legislation has created for academic librarians as regards the acquisition of library materials in academic libraries (university/college libraries) in Malawi. Design/methodology/approach – The study used a multi-method approach. Quantitative data were collected through questionnaires. The questionnaires were sent online to the university/college libraries of seven major accredited public universities in Malawi. After an initial analysis of that data, qualitative data on patterns were obtained through a mailing listserve with all the possible 19 librarians. Responses were analysed and categorised using a thematic approach. Findings – Academic libraries (university/college libraries) are involved in the internal procurement committees. Librarians are represented in internal procurement committees, though their representation differs from one institution to another. All the academic libraries (university/college libraries) either use the centralised or independent procurement methods. As a result, the public university libraries deal with agents as independents. Working as independents has negatively affected the libraries, as materials are procured at different prices and sometimes at higher prices, thereby ignoring the value for money. Research limitations/implications – In academic libraries, the library consortia have pulled resources towards a basket fund for wide access and cheaper licensing. However, for print library materials, a collaborative procurement process in which the academic libraries identify an agent capable of achieving a supplier list and then purchase directly from the preferred suppliers seems not to have been tried in the most developing countries. Practical implications – The study suggests that academic libraries (university/college libraries) should emulate the library consortia approach when dealing with agents. The academic libraries should consider collaborative procurement models as a means of procuring library materials. Originality/value – Since the enactment of the public procurement legislation in Malawi, no research has been documented on the challenges and opportunities the public procurement act and the acquisition of library materials. This research seeks to bridge the literature gap.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:34 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-05-2014-0047
  • Webbs on the Web: libraries, digital humanities and collaboration
    • Authors: Ed Fay et al
      First page: 118
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 118-134, February 2015. Purpose – This paper aims to make a contribution to the ongoing debates about the nature, value and potential of closer collaboration between digital humanities (DH) and the library sector by identifying and contextualising the types of new knowledge that were created through such a collaboration on the London School of Economics’s Webbs on the Web project. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative approach comprising a literature review, a case study of Webbs on the Web, a summary and analysis of the results of user testing and a critical analysis of the collaboration itself. Findings – A deeper understanding of the complementary skills of library professionals and DH researchers and how they may best be utilised in digital library development will lead, ceteris paribus, to richer and more fit-for-purpose digital scholarly resources. This is exemplified by Webbs on the Web, where the unique but complementary perspectives that such groups brought to user testing enhanced the usability of the resource for a wide range of audiences. Furthermore, the kinds of collaborations that characterised this project reflect broader changes in academic communities and digital library development, and a host of mutually beneficial outcomes can be pursued as a result of such changes. Originality/value – We demonstrate the benefits that can flow from breaking down boundaries and hierarchies between the academic library professional and DH researcher. We advance the current literature by providing concrete examples of practice; much of the current literature tends to be more abstract in nature.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:15 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2014-0089
  • Use of different information and communication technologies in Indian
           academic libraries
    • Authors: Shabahat Husain et al
      First page: 135
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 135-153, February 2015. Purpose – This paper aims to present an exploration of the potential utilisation of different information and communication technologies (ICT) in Indian academic libraries. Design/methodology/approach – A survey method was used for the collection of data. A structured questionnaire, containing close-ended questions, was sent by postal mail to 30 librarians of the Central University Libraries in India, of which 15 questionnaires were returned. Findings – Academic libraries in India have mostly been involved in applying traditional ICT-based solutions for the management of various library functions and services, particularly for organising and retrieving information. Use of modern ICT-based tools of knowledge creation and sharing such as web discovery tools, blogs, wikis, Real Simple Syndication feeds, social networking and social bookmarking seems uncommon in academic libraries. Lack of trained staff in ICT, low level of ICT skills among library users, unawareness of potential benefits of ICT and inadequate ICT infrastructure were found as the major barriers of ICT applications in academic libraries. Practical implications – Academic libraries in India are still in the early stage of understanding the importance of modern ICTs. Librarians should renovate existing library environment and develop knowledge and skills among their staff in the fields of computer programming, website or portal development, hardware maintenance and metadata or e-resource management for providing quality information services to their users. Originality/value – Because no empirical study on the use ICT-based knowledge management (KM) tools in academic libraries in India has been carried out before, this study closes this gap and provides guidelines for practising librarians, policy makers, management and the University Grants Commission of India to promote the use of ICTs in libraries, and to design courses of information communication technology and related skills.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:43:09 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-06-2014-0070
  • Sexy bibliography (and revealing paratext)
    • Authors: Karen E. McAulay
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 154-161, February 2015. Purpose – This paper aims to explore the advantages of applying best pedagogical practice to library-based teaching, using targeted content in order to contextualise the teaching within a performing arts curriculum. The author, dual-qualified in music and librarianship, is responsible for providing library user education and instructing readers in the use of electronic resources, literature review, related research and bibliographic skills and Scottish songbook history in a performing arts institution. A recent opportunity to take a short course, The Teaching Artist, prompted the author to re-examine her approach to such library-based teaching. Her observations arise from the reflective practice that was a core component of The Teaching Artist course. Design/methodology/approach – The main focus of this concept paper is a consideration of best pedagogical practice, and a discussion of how best to embed it in a curriculum designed for performers and other creative artists. Turning from a role as a bibliographic instructor to that as an academic adjunct, the author addresses similar pedagogical issues in a session on Scottish songbooks, which is delivered each year to second-year undergraduates. Findings – The author wrote a paper on user education for a librarianship journal in 1991. The present paper reflects upon the discernible differences in approach between then and now, and finds that gaining pedagogical expertise has enabled significant improvements. Originality/value – There is comparatively little published about user education in music libraries, about pedagogical training for librarians working in this field, or about scholar-librarians availing themselves of suitable training to improve their delivery of academic course components.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:43:08 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-09-2014-0104
  • Micro perceptive on absorptive capacity in joint ICT project teams in
    • Authors: Adedapo Oluwaseyi Ojo et al
      First page: 162
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 162-178, February 2015. Purpose – This study aims to investigate the micro-antecedents of the multidimensional construct of absorptive capacity (ACAP) from the perspective of the individual characteristics underlying learning capability in joint project information and communications technology (ICT) teams. Specifically, the model proposes prior experience and learning goal orientations as the micro-antecedents and delineates ACAP into four dimensions. Design/methodology/approach – The context of study was the joint project teams, set up to facilitate the transfer of knowledge from expatriate to local employees in Malaysian ICT sector. Data collected through the cross-sectional survey of 205 local team members of joint ICT projects in Malaysia were analyzed using structural equation modelling. Findings – Individual’s prior experience and learning orientation were associated with the ability to assimilate and recognize the value of partner’s knowledge, respectively. Furthermore, the hypothesized relationships among the ACAP dimensions were supported, and the mediating effect of shared cognition was confirmed. Research limitations/implications – The use of cross-sectional and self-reported survey is a major limitation of this study. Practical implications – Managerial implications are offered on the selection of team members and designing the joint project team. Originality/value – This study demonstrates prior experience and learning orientation as antecedents of individuals’ learning capability, thereby extending extant conceptualization on the multifaceted nature of ACAP.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:54 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-08-2014-0095
  • Review of Sidney Berger’s Rare Books and Special Collections (2014)
    • First page: 179
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 179-180, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:47 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0126
  • Metaliteracy: Reinventing Information Literacies to Empower Learners
    • First page: 180
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 180-182, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:49 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0127
  • Sustainability of Scholarly Information
    • First page: 182
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 182-183, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:51 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0128
  • The Network Reshapes the Library: Lorcan Dempsey on Libraries, Services,
           and Networks
    • First page: 184
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 184-185, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:20 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0130
  • Review of Linked Data for Libraries, Archives and Museums: How to Clean,
           Link and Publish Your Metadata
    • First page: 185
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 185-186, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:21 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0131
  • Information Governance and Assurance: Reducing Risk, Promoting Policy
    • First page: 186
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 186-188, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:23 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0133
  • The History of Oxford University Press (Volumes I-III)
    • First page: 188
      Abstract: Library Review, Volume 64, Issue 1/2, Page 188-190, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Feb 2015 13:42:18 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LR-11-2014-0134
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