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Journal Cover   Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.926]   [H-I: 19]   [1088 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • When Makerspaces Go Mobile: Case Studies of Transportable Maker Locations
    • Authors: Heather Michele Moorefield-Lang
      First page: 462
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of mobile makerspaces in libraries and educational settings. Insights, decisions, challenges, and mobile makerspace projects will also be shared. Design/methodology/approach This paper delves into six case studies of librarians and educators who made the decision to go mobile with a makerspace. The case studies include public and school librarians, as well as educators in higher education settings. The author of this paper will describe the cases, projects, challenges, along with other aspects of implementing of a mobile makerspace. Findings Makerspaces, while becoming very popular in the field of librarianship, can be incredibly exciting to employ but often come with their own challenges and successes. What happens when the brick and mortar location is not enough? Librarians and educators begin to think creatively and bring the makerspace to the patrons if the clients can’t come to the space. Originality/value Currently the research on makerspaces is growing but there is still a limit to scholarly material in this field. When focusing on mobile makerspaces there are only blog posts and popular pieces. Nothing has been written on a wider range of case studies focusing on mobile makerspaces. This paper sets the foundation for further exploration in how librarians and educators can further serve patrons by making makerspaces mobile.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0061
  • Developing and Implementing 3D Printing Services in an Academic Library
    • Authors: Gillian Andrea Nowlan
      First page: 472
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a 3D printing pilot project and 3D printing library service. Policy development, instruction, and best practices will be shared and explored. Design/methodology/approach This paper describes the implementation of 3D printing at the University of Regina Library and details successes, failures, and modifications made to better provide 3D printing services. This paper outlines one academic library’s experience and solutions to offering 3D printing for university patrons. Findings Although 3D printing has been around for a while, it still requires trial and error and experience in order to print successfully. Training and instruction is needed to run the 3D printer and understand how to develop 3D objects that will print successfully. Originality/value There have been many publications on 3D printing, but few that discuss problem solving, best practices, and policy development. 3D printing provides a way for patrons to learn about new technology and use that technology to help support learning.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2015-0049
  • The MobileMaker: An Experiment with a Mobile Makerspace By Dana Gierdowski
           and Dan Reis
    • Authors: Dana Gierdowski, Daniel Reis
      First page: 480
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose This article discusses the design, implementation, and pilot of a mobile makerspace at a private, southeastern liberal arts institution that did not have a campus-wide makerspace. In an effort to give students in a residential hall access to maker tools and technologies and also meet the needs of a campus-wide writing initiative, a team of administrators and staff worked to build and design programming for the “MobileMaker”, a pop-up mobile makerspace. Design/methodology/approach The authors explain how the equipment was chosen based on a variety of user skill levels. The technical specifications of the MobileMaker are also detailed, which includes 3d printing and crafting tools, and a variety of electronics. In addition, they explain how a mobile cart was modified to house and secure the equipment so it could be stored in an unsecured area. The team experienced several challenges with the MobileMaker project, including the overall durability of the mobile cart and the lack of a dedicated staff to manage the equipment. Findings The authors conclude that mobility and security were mutually exclusive with the mobile design that was chosen. Greater mobility was sacrificed to achieve greater security via locked doors and compartments that added weight to the cart. While the goal of increased student access to maker tools and technologies was met, the level of access was often limited due to staffing limitations. Originality/value An unanticipated outcome of the project was the conversations that were generated about the need and demand for a dedicated makerspace open to the entire campus community.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:17Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0067
  • Makers on the Move: A mobile makerspace at a comprehensive public high
    • Authors: IdaMae Louise Craddock
      First page: 497
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of a mobile makerspace program in a public school setting. Insights, challenges, successes, projects as well as recommendations will be shared. Design/methodology/approach This paper describes a mobile makerspace program in a public high school in Virginia. It discusses the growth of mobile making, the advantages and disadvantages of mobility, and how the program was implemented. Findings Mobile makerspaces are a fast-growing manifestation of maker culture. It is possible to have a makerspace in a public school and take the maker culture to other schools in the area. Having a steady supply of students or library interns that are willing to travel to other schools is critical. Originality/value Makerspaces in libraries is still a relatively new phenomenon. While the research is coming on stationary makerspaces, mobile making is a new horizon for the maker movement. This paper seeks to provide a description of one such program.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:16Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2015-0056
  • The business case of FryskLab, Europe’s first mobile library FabLab
    • Authors: Jeroen de Boer
      First page: 505
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the emergence of the mobile library FabLab FryskLab, a project of Bibliotheekservice Fryslân. There will be special attention on how the business case has been established. Design/methodology/approach The author examines the broader development of (mobile) FabLabs in libraries. Based on the description of sub-projects that together make the project FryskLab the approach of Bibliotheekservice Fryslân is described. Findings The design of a mobile library lab speaks to many people's imagination. However, achieving a sound business case requires a lot more than just driving around in a bus and providing practical workshops. Developing supporting projects is necessary. Originality/value At this time most publications on mobile library maker spaces are held in the realm of popular publications (blogs, magazines.). Very little has been written on a wider range of case studies where mobile library maker spaces have been integrated into library services. This paper serves as an insight on how Bibliotheekservice Fryslân developed the FryskLab project.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0059
  • What to make of makerspaces: tools and DIY only or is there an
           interconnected information resources space?
    • Authors: Ina Fourie, Anika Meyer
      First page: 519
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose Much has been published on makerspaces: the history, development and progress, and how they are used – stories of successes and opinions on their potential. The intention of this contribution is to comment on such publications within the library and information science (LIS) literature and to warn libraries to not only focus on providing physical spaces and tools but to explore the bigger potential of extended, interconnected spaces for information and information resources and “mutations” of makerspaces such as makerlearning. Design/methodology/approach The contribution is based on a pragmatic and reflective analysis of the LIS literature on makerspaces. The questions are: what to make of the literature, and what needs to be done to enrich the subject literature to support an interconnected approach to makerspaces and information resources and information support? Findings There is a very strong focus in the literature on libraries as physical spaces for makerspaces, the planning, provision, maintenance, and how-we-do-it approaches. Although very important this does not sufficiently explore an interconnection between makerspaces and an expanded information-related involvement of libraries e.g. in information literacy training, guided inquiry, bridging the digital divide, research (embedded librarianship), and community support. Research limitations/implications There are many publications on makerspaces in the LIS literature. They however, mostly do not reflect on the opportunities to take a more holistic look at the potential of makerspaces in libraries interconnected to the use of information resources, and information related support and intervention from libraries. Originality/value Although there are many articles on makerspaces the purpose of this contribution is to focus on extended input from libraries.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:13Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0092
  • Social Media Optimization: Making Library Content Shareable and Engaging
    • Authors: Doralyn Rossmann, Scott Woodward Hazard Young
      First page: 526
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose Social Media Optimization (SMO) offers guidelines by which libraries can design content for social shareability through social networking services (SNSs). The purpose of this paper is to introduce SMO and discuss its effects and benefits for libraries. Design/methodology/approach Researchers identified and applied five principles of SMO. Web analytics software provides data on Web site traffic and user engagement before and after the application of SMO. Findings By intentionally applying a program of SMO, the library increased content shareability, increased user engagement, and built community. Research limitations/implications Increasing use of SNSs may influence the study results, independent of SMO application. Limitations inherent to web analytics software may affect results. Further study could expand analysis beyond web analytics to include comments on SNS posts, SNS shares from library pages, and a qualitative analysis of user behaviors and attitudes regarding library Web content and SNSs. Practical implications This research offers an intentional approach for libraries to optimize their online resources sharing through SNSs. Originality/value Previous research has examined the role of community building and social connectedness for SNS users, but none have discussed using SMO to encourage user engagement and interactivity through increased SNS traffic into library Web pages
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2015-0053
  • How useful are smartphones for learning? Perceptions and practices of
           Library and Information Science students from Hong Kong and Japan
    • Authors: Zvjezdana Dukic, Dickson K.W. Chiu, Patrick Lo
      First page: 545
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of higher education students’ experiences in using smartphones for learning purposes, and their perceptions of the suitability of smartphones for learning. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative research method is applied to data collection and analysis by following the grounded theory approach. Data were gathered by an online focus group involving library and information science (LIS) students from University of Hong Kong and University of Tsukuba (Japan). Findings LIS students at both universities regularly use smartphones for communication, socializing, entertainment and other daily information needs. The findings show that LIS students commonly use smartphones for learning and consider smartphones to be very useful for their academic work. They use smartphones to access course materials, search library catalog, discuss course assignments with peers, take notes, etc. Although both academic libraries involved offer a variety of services for mobile devices, these services are still not used frequently. A major barrier to using smartphone for academic learning is the smartphone’s small screen. Research limitations/implications The study relies on a convenience sample, restricted to students from two universities in Hong Kong and Japan. Further research on a larger sample is recommended. Originality/value The study adds to the knowledge of smartphone actual use for learning purposes and provides study participants’ insights on the usefulness of smartphones for learning.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2015-0015
  • A framework for workplace information literacy in academic contexts:
    • Authors: Ina Fourie, Jeannet Molopyane
      First page: 562
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose The paper suggests a framework for workplace information literacy based on a case study at the Central University of Technology (CUT), Free State (South Africa). Design/methodology/approach The framework is based on a literature survey covering case studies from the private, public and academic sector and a case study conducted at the Central University of Technology (CUT), Free State (South Africa). A mixed methods approach was followed using questionnaires, individual interviews and focus group interviews. Descriptive statistics and qualitative data were collected. Findings The data analysis reveals a need as well as support for workplace information literacy. It addresses institutional buy-in, the need for alignment to the institutional strategy, inclusion of workplace information literacy in job descriptions, whether workplace information literacy should be optional or mandatory, whether it should address the needs of all staff members, the responsibility for a workplace information literacy programme, perceived benefits, etc. Practical implications The proposed framework can be used at the Central University of Technology (CUT), Free State. As a general framework it can also be used in other academic contexts as well as in the public and private sector. Originality/value Although several studies on workplace information literacy have been reported, the literature survey did not trace a suitable framework that can guide the design and implementation of workplace information literacy in academic contexts. This paper intends to contribute towards filling this gap.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2015-0013
  • How do we inspire children to learn with e-readers?
    • Authors: Kuo-Lun Hsiao, Chia-Chen Chen
      First page: 584
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose Mobile handheld e-readers, such as the iPad and Kindle, have gained increased attention in schools and are becoming useful as a tool to attract students to learn and read. Although the benefits of mobile learning are clear, few studies have delved into the specific factors impacting the adoption and use of e-readers among elementary students. Moreover, the question of whether learning with e-readers can enhance reading comprehension remains unanswered. Given these facts, our study has a dual purpose. In order to explore the above-mentioned factors, we base our proposed research model on the task-technology fit (TTF) and self-efficacy theories, along with the technology acceptance model (TAM). Second, we examine the relationship between reading with e-readers and reading comprehension. Design/methodology/approach A sample of 60 third grade children participated in the study. The reading material used in this research was an e-book edition of the Chinese printed storybook Missing Grandmother. The causal model was validated using SmartPLS 2.0. In addition, this research used the SPSS statistical software package (SPSS for Windows, 17.0) to conduct a t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a confidence level of 95%. Findings All eight study hypotheses were supported. The results indicate that TTF and mobile learning self-efficacy have the most significant influence on intention to learn with e-readers. We also found that children’s reading comprehension is enhanced in an e-book reading group. Our analysis revealed no gender differences in reading comprehension. Originality/value This study explored factors which increase children’s intention to learn with e-readers. The proposed model helps us understand the influence of mobile learning self-efficacy, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and TTF on this intention. We also compared e-books and p-books in regards to usability and found that e-book reading can improve third grade children’s reading comprehension. We found no gender differences in either the p-book reading group or the e-book reading group.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2015-0038
  • Recommending Research Articles Using Citation Data
    • Authors: Andre Vellino
      First page: 597
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose This study presents an empirical comparison between the recommendations generated by a citation-based recommender for research articles in a digital library with those produced by a user-based recommender (Ex Libris 'bX'). Design/methodology/approach For these computer experiments 9453 articles were randomly selected from among 6.6 million articles in a digital library as starting points for generating recommendations. The same seed articles were used to generate recommendations in both recommender systems and the resulting recommendations were compared according to the ‘semantic distance’ between the seed articles and the recommended ones, the coverage of the recommendations and the spread in publication dates between the seed and the resulting recommendations. Findings Out of the 9453 test runs, the recommendation coverage was 30% for the user-based recommender vs. 24% for the citation-based one. Only 12% of seed articles produced recommendations with both recommenders and none of the recommended articles were the same. Both recommenders yielded recommendations with about the same semantic distance between the seed article and the recommended articles. The average differences between the publication dates of the recommended articles and the seed articles is dramatically greater for the citation-based recommender (+7.6 years) compared with the forward-looking user-based recommender. Originality/value This paper reports on the only known empirical comparison between the Ex Librix 'bX' recommendation system and a citation based collaborative recommendation system. It extends prior preliminary findings with a larger dataset and with an analysis of the publication dates of recommendations for each system.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0063
  • Developing the Collection Graph
    • Authors: Tobias Blanke, Michael Bryant, Reto Speck
      First page: 610
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 4, November 2015.
      Purpose In 2010 the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) was funded to support research into the Holocaust. The project follows on from significant efforts in the past to develop and record the collections of the Holocaust in several national initiatives. This paper will introduce the efforts by EHRI to create a flexible research environment using graph databases. We concentrate on the added features and design decisions to enable efficient processing of collection information as a graph. Design/methodology/approach The paper concentrates on the specific customizations EHRI had to develop, as the graph database approach is new, and we could not rely on existing solutions. We describe the serialisations of collections in the graph to provide for efficient processing. Because the EHRI infrastructure is highly distributed, we also had to invest a lot of effort into reliable distributed access control mechanisms. Finally, we analyse our user-facing work on a portal and a virtual research environment in order to discover, share and analyse Holocaust material. Findings Using the novel graph dabatase approache, we first present how we can model collection information as graphs and why this is so effective, how we secondly make them persistent and which access management we need for that and thirdly how we integrate user interaction with the data and develop a virtual research environment Originality/value Scholars require specialized access to information. We present the results of our work to develop integrated research with collections on the Holocaust researchers and our proposals for a socio-technical ecosystem based on graph database technologies. The use of graph databases is new and we needed to work on several innovative costumisations to make them work in our domain. These are the main focus of this paper.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-10-07T11:21:19Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0070
  • A Study on the User Evaluation for an RDA-based Korean Bibliography
           Retrieval System
    • Authors: Seulki Do, Sam G. Oh, Sungin Lee
      First page: 294
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose This study attempts to validate the usefulness of Resource Description and Access (RDA) from user perspectives by implementing an RDA-based bibliographic retrieval system, and comparing it against two retrieval systems. Design/methodology/approach Surveys and interviews were conducted to gather responses from 20 subjects who used the systems. Usability was measured according to the following metrics: 1) search usefulness from search process and results; 2) search efficiency, measured in time and the number of steps involved; 3) general satisfaction for search results and process, and for information need; 4) satisfaction for search functionalities, with five sub-measures (usability of functions of search tool, appropriateness of search results, usability of additional information, usability of associative relations, and appropriateness of search categories); and 5) system convenience in terms of understandability and ease. Findings The survey results indicate that all but the satisfaction for appropriateness of search categories showed significant differences between the systems. The interviews show that the RDA system received from the subjects a more positive evaluation compared to the counterpart systems, in search usefulness, search efficiency, general search satisfaction, satisfaction for search functionalities. Practical implications Though a few organizations such as the Library of Congress in the U.S. have implemented RDA, no such endeavors have been undertaken in the context of Korean bibliography, and especially for the systematic validation of usability of such a system from user perspectives. Originality/value This is the first published study that validates the usefulness perceived by users of RDA in the context of Korean bibliography.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2015-0036
  • A Multisource Book Review System for Reducing Information Overload and
           Accommodating Individual Styles
    • Authors: Gloria Yi-Ming Kao, Chi-Chieh Peng
      First page: 310
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose This study evaluated the performance of the multi-source book review system (MBRS). MBRS was designed to reduce information overload using the Internet and to accommodate different learner preferences. Design/methodology/approach We experimentally compared MBRS with the Google search engine. MBRS first gathers reviews from online sources, such as bookstores and blogs. It reduces information overload through an advanced filtering and sorting algorithm and by providing a uniform user interface. MBRS accommodates different learning styles through various sort options and through adding video-mediated reviews. Findings Results indicate that, compared with Google, MBRS (a) reduces the information overload associated with searching for online book reviews, (b) increases users finding satisfactory book reviews, and (c) allows users to find reviews more quickly. In addition, more than half of the participants found video-mediated book reviews more appealing than traditional text-based reviews. Research limitations/implications Future studies might examine the effects of other recommendations or sorting methods to fit individual preferences in a more dynamic way. Practical implications This study assisted readers with a preference for visual information in locating reviews of personal interest in less time and with finding reviews more aligned with their individual learning preferences. Originality/value This study documents an innovative Website featuring video-mediated book reviews and other mechanisms to accommodate individual preferences. Search engine designers could integrate book reviews with different media types to reduce cognitive load allowing readers to focus attention on the reading task. Internet booksellers or library staff may use this as an effective means to enhance reading motivation.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-03-2015-0026
  • Measuring Student Academic Technology Proficiency in the College Library
           [now “How do I send an Email?”: Technology Challenges for
           First-Year Students in the College Library]
    • Authors: Michelle Eichelberger, Bonnie Brubaker Imler
      First page: 329
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The study described in this paper aims to identify the ability of college freshmen to successfully use common academic software and manage files. Design/methodology/approach 39 college freshmen from three college campuses were recruited for the study. An online test environment and screen recording software were used to measure student proficiency in using PDFs, Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel, Gmail, and Windows. Data were collected in September 2013. Findings Student use of academic technology is common, but their software skills are not comprehensive or deep. Students were most proficient at using PDFs and Microsoft Word. Microsoft Excel tasks were the most difficult for the students, and many struggled to use Gmail to compose a message and send an attachment. Students were able to open a PowerPoint document and view a slideshow, but they were less comfortable navigating the software’s printing environment. Originality/value Having concrete data about student technology skills, rather than anecdotal data from Reference Desk interactions, can help librarians design improved instruction and tutorials that target areas of student technology weakness.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:23Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-03-2015-0027
  • Usability Study of the Mobile Library App: An Example from Chongqing
    • Authors: Qunyi Wei, Zhaoxin Chang, Qin Cheng
      First page: 340
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of the evaluation described in this study was to determine the usability of the mobile library App of Chongqing University and to provide recommendations for improving the experience of App users. Design/methodology/approach Usability testing, which comprised pre-test questionnaires, accomplishing tasks, and post-test surveys, was conducted in this study. The effectiveness and efficiency of the App, as well as user satisfaction with it, were measured. Findings The mobile App was proven effective but the efficiency of the App required improvement. With regard to user satisfaction, the factors “clarity” and “usefulness” received the lowest and highest scores, respectively. The descriptions of mobile services were unclear and confused users; nonetheless, the services provided by this App were appealing and useful to the users. Based on the measured user experience, this study proposed several recommendations for enhancing the usability of the App. Originality/value An increasing number of domestic and foreign libraries have begun to use mobile Apps to provide new services to patrons. In the future, smartphones are likely to become crucial to the delivery of information services. Given the extensive use of the Super Star Mobile Library system adopted by Chongqing University Library in China, the usability of such a system must be investigated. Improving the usability of the mobile library App can help enhance user experience.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:20:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2015-0047
  • The Use of Geographic Information System in the Development and
           Utilization of Ancient Local Chronicles
    • Authors: Suoling Zhu, Ping Bao
      First page: 356
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to apply Geographic Information System (GIS) in the development and utilization of Chinese ancient local chronicles to achieve the mining and visualization of historical data about products distribution and dispersal in Products in Local Chronicles. Design/methodology/approach Using 1756 records of product-related location names in Products in Local Chronicles of Guangdong of the Qing dynasty, which are recognized by a name recognition system, as attribute data; taking the spatial data of Chinese administrative geography of the Qing dynasty in 1820 and the Historical Atlas of China as spatial data; connect the attribute data with relevant spatial data based on the table connection function of Arcmap in Arcgis8.3 to implement the data management, cartography and analysis. Findings The application of GIS in the development and utilization of ancient local chronicles was quite successful. With some thematic maps, knowledge about products distribution and dispersal in ancient books was vividly displayed so as to facilitate relevant researches. Research limitations/implications Only product-related location names inside China were analyzed, not other named entities in local chronicles; and only static visual display was achieved, not dynamic visual display. Historical maps of the world can be used to carry out the visualization of the products distribution and dispersal in the world, and even the visualization of other knowledge, such as poetries and songs scattered over many places in China. The process of products dispersal and the distribution of poetries and songs can be dynamically and visually displayed by pictures, audios, videos, multimedia, etc. Practical implications By using GIS in the development and utilization of Chinese ancient local chronicles, this paper explores a new way for the collation of ancient books and open up a new area for the research of digital humanities. Originality/value This is the first try about the application of GIS in the development and utilization of ancient local chronicles, and also the same of digital humanities research in the field of agricultural history.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-03-2015-0028
  • A Library’s Information Retrieval System (In)Effectiveness: Case
    • Authors: Robert Marijan, Robert Leskovar
      First page: 369
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this research is (1) evaluating the effectiveness of the information retrieval component of a daily newspaper publisher’s integrated library system (ILS) in comparison with the commercial and open source alternatives and (2) observing the impact of the scale of metadata, generated daily by library administrators, on retrieved result sets. Design/methodology/approach In Experiment 1, we compared the result sets of the information retrieval system (IRS) component of the publisher’s current ILS and the result sets of proposed ones with human-assessed relevance judgment set. In Experiment 2, we compared the performance of proposed IRS components with the publisher’s current production IRS, using result sets of current IRS classified as relevant. Both experiments were conducted using standard information retrieval evaluation methods: precision, recall, precision at k, f-measure, mean average precision and 11-point interpolated average precision. Findings Results showed that (1) in Experiment 1, the publisher’s current production ILS ranked last of all participating information retrieval systems when compared to a relevance document set classified by the senior library administrator, and (2) in Experiment 2, the tested information retrieval components’ request handlers that used only automatically generated metadata performed slightly better than request handlers that used all of the metadata fields. Therefore, regarding the effectiveness of information retrieval, the daily human effort of generating the publisher’s current set of metadata attributes is unjustified. Research limitations/implications The experiments’ collections contained Slovene language with large number of variations of the forms of nouns, verbs and adjectives. The results could be different if the experiments’ collections contained languages with different grammatical properties. Practical implications We have confirmed, using standard information retrieval methods, that the information retrieval component used in the publisher’s current ILS, could be adequately replaced with an open source component. Based on our research, the publisher could incorporate the suggested open source information retrieval components in practice. In the research, we have described the methods that can be used by libraries for evaluating the effectiveness of the information retrieval of their ILSs. Originality/value The paper provides a framework for the evaluation of an ILS’s information retrieval effectiveness for libraries. Based on the evaluation results, the libraries could replace the information retrieval components if their current information system setup allows it.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:20:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0071
  • An informetrics view of the relationship between Internet ethics, computer
           ethics and cyberethics
    • Authors: Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha
      First page: 387
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The paper sought to explore the differences and similarities between computer ethics, Internet ethics and cyberethics as reflected in the contents of the published literature as well as the search trends on Google. Design/methodology/approach The paper opted for an informetrics approach, and more specifically content analysis, to investigate the inter-relationships between computer ethics, Internet ethics and cyberethics. The data sources for this study included Google Trends, Google Scholar and the Web of Science (WoS) citation indexes. Different search queries were used, depending on the structure of each data source, to extract the relevant datasets. Findings Using different methods and techniques to analyse the data, the paper provides an alternative means of investigating relationships among concepts. The findings indicate that there is still no clear distinction between the concepts in terms of subject and title terms used to describe the published literature on the three concepts, as well as the research areas where the three concepts are applied. Going by the current trend, the paper envisages that cyberethics may, in the future, become a broader term to include computer ethics and Internet ethics. Research limitations/implications The data sources that were selected for the study might have not been comprehensive in the coverage of the published literature on the three concepts and therefore there is need for further research, which will expand the scope of the data sources. Practical implications The paper’s findings may apply in the practice of indexing and abstracting as well as thesaurus construction as far as the three terms are concerned. Originality/value The paper offers an alternative technique that can be used to investigate relationships among concepts. The value of the paper could include curriculum development of programmes dealing with ethical issues that arise when developing and using computers and related technologies.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:18:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2015-0033
  • Beyond TIFF and JPEG2000: PDF/A as an OAIS Submission Information Package
    • Authors: Yan Han
      First page: 409
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose The article is to introduce PDF/A to replace TIFF as the preferred file format for digitization of textual documents. In addition, PDF/A can be used as an OAIS submission information package (SIP) container to reduce digitization and digital preservation costs. Design/methodology/approach The author first reviewed the current digitization guidelines, the OAIS model and provides on an overview of the development PDF and PDF/A as international standards. Then literature review of the uses of PDF/A is presented. The author analyzed pitfalls of TIFFs as the preferred format for digitization, and showed how to use PDF/A to code digitization submission information packages. Findings TIFF file format has been the preferred master file format by FADGI digitization guidelines for the past 20 years. However, there are drawbacks of TIFF format. Literature reviews show that PDF/A has been the preferred standard for coding born-digital documents in court, government and business sectors. PDF/A-2 and PDF/A-3 are relatively new standards released after 2010. However, few understood the standards and have utilized the full potentials in digitization. The author shows that PDF/A can be used as an OAIS SIP container. Practical implications In order to delivery OAIS SIPs, current practices require a combination of files, directories, and various types of metadata. The author shows that PDF/A (PDF/A-2 and/or PDF/A-3) can be a better file format for textual document digitization with coding various types of metadata in XMP and arbitrary file/data can be coded in PDF/A-3. These features in PDF/A provide much better ways to deliver SIPs in a cost-efficient manner. Originality/value PDF/A has been recognized as the preferred standard for born-digital documents, but it has not been used as the preferred file format for digitized materials. The author recommends that 1) PDF/A with lossless JPX compressions as the prefered file format, and 2) PDF/A with lossless JPX compressions along with metadata/data as the preferred OAIS SIP container. As a result, the uses reduce costs in digitization and digital preservation and also increase productivity. The author recommends to update the national and international digitization practices using PDF/A.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0068
  • A method for automatic analysis Table of Contents in Chinese books
    • Authors: Jing Chen, Quan Lu
      First page: 424
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose This paper proposed a novel method to analysis TOC (Table of Contents) in Chinese books automatically based on the hierarchy organization rules which gained by investigation. Design/methodology/approach This paper analyzed the main literature in this field first, then hierarchy organization rules of Chinese book TOC were generated and the method parsing TOC automatically based on these rules was proposed. A prototype system implementing our method was also developed. The method was evaluated through processing a corpus on the prototype system, and the results were checked with calculation of precision and recall. Findings The experiment result illustrated the superiority (extensive application, recall is 95.34% and precision is 94.44%) of our method. Practical implications The result can helps Chinese libraries deal with electronic texts from four aspects. First, it can be used to complement or enhance current digitization and OCR methods and cut the financial and labor cost of Chinese libraries. Second, it can help libraries to keep information on indexing words as well as chapters, sections and subsections in Chinese book databases, which ensures easy retrieval and extract any intended portion as demanded by user. Third, it helps to enrich the services and then enhances the user experiences in Chinese libraries. Fourth, it improves the specification and policy of digitalizing Chinese books. Originality/value The paper provided insight into the hierarchy organization of TOCs in Chinese books, the method based on the rules has extensive application than other methods. This method for Chinese book TOC automatic analysis is also as reference for English book TOC automatic analysis.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2015-0043
  • Collaborative information seeking environments benefiting from holistic
    • Authors: Anika Meyer, Ina Fourie
      First page: 439
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 2015.
      Purpose To explore the value of utilising a holistic ergonomic approach, covering engineering, cognitive, and social perspectives, to cultivate beneficial and productive CIS systems and environments, specifically with regard to three main CIS pillars (control, communication and awareness). Design/methodology/approach A qualitative research approach, based on a selective corpus of CIS literature, was utilised to perform a content analysis to note if terms and concepts normally associated with engineering, cognitive and social ergonomics can be used to eliminate terms reflecting issues related to three CIS pillars (control, communication and awareness) that can benefit from a holistic ergonomic approach. Findings The content analysis revealed that a fairly extensive amount of holistic ergonomic terminology is prominent within the CIS literature, therefore establishing a connection between the two disciplines: Collaborative Information Seeking and Ergonomics. This suggests that CIS system issues could benefit from the insights of a holistic ergonomic approach. Research limitations/implications Since this is an exploratory study the scope of CIS literature utilised in the content analysis was limited to a selection considered most important by the authors; this should be supplemented by further research. Practical implications Intended to instigate interest in further exploration of the beneficial and productive implications and practical application of holistic ergonomics in designing CIS systems and environments. Originality/value This is the first research article in the LIS literature that explores the potential of utilising holistic ergonomics to cultivate CIS systems and environments.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2015-08-07T12:19:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0062
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