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Journal Cover   Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.926]   [H-I: 19]   [982 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [311 journals]
  • An analysis of file format control in institutional repositories
    • Authors: Miquel Termens, Mireia Ribera, Anita Locher
      First page: 162
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose This study analyzes the file formats of the digital objects stored in two of the largest open access repositories in Spain, DDUB and TDX, and determines the implications of these formats for long-term preservation, focusing in particular on the different versions of PDF. Design/methodology/approach To be able to study the two repositories, we harvested all the files corresponding to every digital object and some of their associated metadata using the OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting) and OAI-ORE (Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange) protocols. The file formats were analyzed with DROID software and some additional tools. Findings The results show that there is no alignment between the preservation policies declared by institutions, the technical tools available, and the actual stored files. Originality/value The results show that file controls currently applied to institutional repositories do not suffice to grant their stated mission of longterm preservation of scientific literature.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:14:39 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2014-0098
  • A RDF-based approach to metadata crosswalk for semantic interoperability
           at the data element level
    • Authors: Ya-Ning Chen
      First page: 175
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose This article proposes a Resource Description Framework (RDF)-based approach to transform metadata crosswalking from equivalent lexical element mapping into semantic mapping with various contextual relationships. RDF is used as a crosswalk model to represent the contextual relationships implicitly embedded between described objects and their elements, including semantic, hierarchical, granular, syntactic, and multiple object relationships to achieve semantic metadata interoperability at the data element level. Design/methodology/approach This article uses RDF to translate metadata elements and their relationships into semantic expressions, and also as a data model to define the syntax for element mapping. The feasibility of the proposed approach for semantic metadata crosswalking is examined based on two use cases – the Archives of Navy Ships Project and the Digital Artifacts Project of National Palace Museum in Taipei – both from the Taiwan E-Learning and Digital Archives Program. Findings As the model developed is based on RDF-based expressions, unsolved issues related to crosswalking, such as sets of shared terms, and contextual relationships embedded between described objects and their metadata elements could be manifested into a semantic representation. Corresponding element mapping and mapping rules can be specified without ambiguity to achieve semantic metadata interoperability. Research limitations/implications Five steps were developed to clarify the details of the RDF-based crosswalk. The RDF-based expressions can also serve as a basis from which to develop linked data and Semantic Web applications. More use cases including biodiversity artifacts of natural history museums and literary works of libraries, and conditions, constraints and cardinality of metadata data elements will be required to make revisions to fine tune the proposed RDF-based metadata crosswalk. Originality/value In addition to reviving contextual relationships embedded between described objects and their metadata elements, nine types of mapping rules were developed to achieve a semantic metadata crosswalk which will facilitate the design of related mapping software. Furthermore, the proposed approach complements existing crosswalking documents provided by authoritative organizations, and enriches mapping language developed by the CIDOC community.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:15:59 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2014-0078
  • A semi-automatic indexing system based on embedded information in HTML
    • Authors: Mari Vallez, Rafael Pedraza-Jiménez, Lluís Codina, Saúl Blanco, Cristòfol Rovira
      First page: 195
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose This paper describes and evaluates the tool DigiDoc MetaEdit which allows the semi-automatic indexing of HTML documents. The tool works by identifying and suggesting keywords from a thesaurus according to the embedded information in HTML documents. This enables the parameterization of keyword assignment based on how frequently the terms appear in the document, the relevance of their position, and the combination of both. Design/methodology/approach In order to evaluate the efficiency of the indexing tool, the descriptors/keywords suggested by the indexing tool are compared to the keywords which have been indexed manually by human experts. To make this comparison a corpus of HTML documents are randomly selected from a journal devoted to Library and Information Science. Findings The results of the evaluation show that there: (1) is close to a 50% match or overlap between the two indexing systems, however if you take into consideration the related terms and the narrow terms the matches can reach 73%; and (2) the first terms identified by the tool are the most relevant. Originality/value The tool presented identifies the most important keywords in an HTML document based on the embedded information in HTML documents. Nowadays, representing the contents of documents with keywords is an essential practice in areas such as information retrieval and e-commerce.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:15:01 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2014-0114
  • An Empirical Study on the Performance Evaluation of Scientific Data
           Sharing Platforms in China
    • Authors: Li Si, Yueting Li, Xiaozhe Zhuang, Wenming Xing, Xiaoqin Hua, Xin Li, Juanjuan Xin
      First page: 211
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose This article aims at conducting performance evaluation of 8 main scientific data sharing platforms in China and finding existing problems, thus providing reference for maximizing the value of scientific data and enhancing scientific research efficiency. Design/methodology/approach Firstly, we built an evaluation indicator system for the performance of scientific data sharing platforms. Next, the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) was employed to set indicator weights. Then, we use Experts Grading Method to give scored for each indicator and calculated the scoring results of the scientific data sharing platform performance evaluation. Finally, an analysis of the results was conducted. Findings The performance evaluation of 8 platforms is arranged by descending order by the value of F: the Data Sharing Infrastructure of Earth System Science (76.962), the Basic Science Data Sharing Center (76.595), the National Scientific Data Sharing Platform for Population and Health (71.577), the China Earthquake Data Center (66.296), the China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System (65.159), the National Agricultural Scientific Data Sharing Center (55.068), the Chinese Forestry Science Data Center (56.894), and the National Scientific Data Sharing & Service Network on Material Environmental Corrosion (Aging) (52.528). And some existing shortcomings such as the relevant policies and regulation, standards of data description and organization, data availability, and the services should be improved. Originality/value This article is mainly discussing about the performance evaluation system covering operation management, data resource, platform function, service efficiency and influence of 8 scientific data sharing centers and made comparative analysis. It reflected the reality development of scientific data sharing in China.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:15:50 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2014-0093
  • Digital Disaster Management in Libraries in India
    • Authors: Parul Zaveri
      First page: 230
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose Disaster management is an issue that has received relatively little attention in libraries, particularly in India. With the growth in digital resources in libraries, it is necessary for librarians to understand and apply the ways of protecting digital data and the related equipment from disaster. The present paper addresses the issues related to digital data protection in libraries in India. It aims to investigate the perceptions of librarians about the probability of digital disasters happening in their libraries, and to assess the level of digital disaster preparedness among libraries Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire based survey of 276 libraries in the Western region of India was conducted to find out the digital data protection measures taken by them. The paper provides an overview and analysis of the general trends in digital data protection in these libraries. Findings The research results indicate that due to lack of knowledge about handling of digital data, and inadequate digital infrastructure setup in organisations, the chances of loss of digital data are high. However, common measures like taking backup of data manually are mostly followed by all libraries. The paper has identified the trends in protection of digital data, as well as the lacunae, in Indian libraries. Basic guidelines on digital data preservation are also presented in the paper. Practical implications The guidelines provided in the paper will be useful to any libraries to take measures for protection of the digital data. The libraries will be able to prepare their digital data protection plan and train the staff accordingly. Originality/value This paper is the first to address the issue of digital disaster management in libraries in India. It provides a detailed analysis of digital data protection measures taken by Indian libraries currently.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:15:31 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2014-0090
  • Smart talking robot Xiaotu: Participatory library service based on
           artificial intelligence
    • Authors: Fei Yao, Chengyu Zhang, Wu Chen
      First page: 245
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to introduce a participatory library service based on artificial intelligence (AI). Design/methodology/approach AI technologies and various technologies for facilitating the use of the currently existing libraries and the third-party resources are combined in the new mobile and social networking environments to provide an innovative real-time virtual reference service. Special aesthetic design and library marketing measures are adopted to expand the gains of the service. Questionnaire survey, in-depth interview, and statistical analysis are conducted to evaluate the effects of the service. Findings A smart talking robot called Xiaotu (female) is developed. This robot is regarded as a promising new online reference service modus operandi. Four factors contribute to the success of the robot, namely, AI, self learning, vivid logo and language, and modular architecture. Practical implications Xiaotu presents a participatory library service, in which users participate in the resources collection and become content co-creators. Her presence at anytime and anywhere on any kind of terminal maximizes her potential for the delivery of virtual reference services. Xiaotu has the potential to be a general reference robot or a costumed institute robot. Originality/value AI is adopted in libraries to form an innovative online reference service. The participatory library service is practiced through a high-featured interactive communication. The aesthetic design of Xiaotu and the related promotions are new in libraries as well.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:16:09 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2015-0010
  • Cloud Storage for Digital Preservation: Optimal Uses of Amazon S3 and
    • Authors: Yan Han
      First page: 261
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose The article is intended to use cloud storage in digital preservation by analyzing the pricing and data retrieval models. The author recommends strategies to minimize the costs and believes cloud storage is worthy of serious consideration. Design/methodology/approach Few articles have been published to show the uses of cloud storage in libraries. The cost is the main concern. An overview of cloud storage pricing shows a price drop once every 1 or 1.5 year. The author emphasize the data transfer-out costs and demonstrate a case study. Comparisons and Analysis of S3 and Glacier have been conducted to show the differences in retrieval and costs. Findings Cloud storage solutions like Glacier can be very attractive for long-term digital preservation if data can be operated within the provider’s same data zone and data transfer-out can be minimized. Practical implications Institutions can benefit from cloud storage by understanding the cost models and data retrieval models. Multiple strategies are suggested to minimize the costs. Originality/value The article is intended to bridge the gap of uses of cloud storage. Cloud storage pricing especially data transfer-out pricing charts are presented to show the price drops over the past eight years. Costs and analysis of storing and retrieving data in Amazon S3 and Glacier are discussed in details. Comparisons of S3 and Glacier show that Glacier has uniqueness and advantages over other cloud storage solutions. Finally strategies are suggested to minimize the costs of using cloud storage. The analysis shows that cloud storage can be very useful in digital preservation.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:15:21 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2014-0118
  • Factors Affecting Undergraduates' Selection of Online Library Resources in
           Academic Tasks: Usefulness, Ease-of-use, Resource Quality, and Individual
    • Authors: Soohyung Joo, Namjoo Choi
      First page: 272
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 2, June 2015.
      Purpose This study aims to explore multiple factors affecting online library resource selection by undergraduate students. Three dimensions of factors are investigated including usefulness and ease-of-use, resource quality, and individual differences. Design/methodology/approach An instrument was developed to measure various aspect factors and online library resource use intention. A survey was administered to 332 undergraduate students. Quantitative analysis, including structural equation modelling, ANOVA, and t-tests, was used to statistically examine the effects of the identified eleven factors on the use intention of online library resources. Findings The findings indicated that both usefulness and ease-of-use positively influenced the undergraduates' use intention of online library resources. Also, five resource quality constructs – accessibility, credibility, coverage, currency, and format – were the determinants of online library resources use intention. Interestingly, the effect of accessibility was the strongest, while that of credibility was the weakest. In addition, this study found that familiarity with sources and use of good search skills had a significant effect on users’ use intention at the individual user level. Originality/value This study is one of the few studies investigating multiple factors comprehensively that influence online library resource selection.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Fri, 01 May 2015 11:14:49 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2015-0008
  • Leveraging apps for research and learning: a survey of Canadian academic
    • Authors: Robin Canuel, Chad Crichton
      Pages: 2 - 14
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 2-14, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the response of Canadian academic libraries to the rapid proliferation of mobile application (apps), many of which are useful for research, teaching, and learning. Design/methodology/approach – A survey was conducted to identify existing initiatives that address the use of mobile apps to facilitate research, teaching, and learning at the libraries of the 97 member institutions of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Based on this survey, this paper describes how apps are promoted, curated, organized, and described by today’s academic libraries. A review of the literature places this survey in its broader context. Findings – In total, 37 per cent of AUCC member libraries include links to mobile apps in their web site. Larger, research-intensive universities, tend to leverage apps more frequently than smaller institutions. Examples of how academic libraries are promoting apps provide insight into how academic librarians are responding to the proliferation of mobile technology. Practical implications – The results of this survey highlight trends with regard to this emerging service opportunity, help to establish current best practices in the response of academic libraries to the emergence of mobile apps, and identify areas for potential future development. Originality/value – This is the first study of its kind to explore and describe how third-party apps are used and promoted within an academic library context.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:20 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2014-0115
  • The design and implementation of a Mobile Library APP system
    • Authors: Ying-Hung Pu, Po-Sheng Chiu, Tzung-Shi Chen, Yueh-Min Huang
      Pages: 15 - 31
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 15-31, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to increase usage rate of libraries in universities and colleges, this study developed a Mobile Library APP System and analyzed users’ usage and level of satisfaction. The analysis results served as the reference for the development and improvement of libraries in universities and colleges’ mobile information systems. Design/methodology/approach – This study developed a Mobile Library APP System and probed into and evaluated college students’ usage and level of satisfaction with the system by using questionnaire. Individual interviews were carried out to find out their standpoints and opinions about their library usage via mobile technology. Findings – The analysis of experiment results showed that students’ attitude toward the Mobile Library APP System was highly positive. This indicated the system certainly assisted them in increasing their work efficiency and their willingness in continuously using this APP system in library-relevant activities. Practical implications – Students’ viewpoints indicated that, by using Mobile Library APP System, they could effectively searched for books, magazines, e-books and other e-resources in a timely manner. The time spent in information searching was shortened and individual work efficiency was promoted. Moreover, in interview sessions, students suggested to add categorized search, book recommendation, book discussion and other functions to increase user population and willingness of continuous usage. Originality/value – To find out the actual usage of the Mobile Library, this study developed the Mobile Library APP System and invited students of National University of Tainan in Taiwan to be experimental subjects. The results of data analysis indicate that the system acquires highly favorable view from student. Thus, it can be inferred that research results of this study are representative and have practical values in real world practice.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:51:12 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2014-0100
  • Research and discovery functions in mobile academic libraries
    • Authors: Catharine Bomhold
      Pages: 32 - 40
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 32-40, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the availability of discovery functions on mobile devices at academic research libraries in order to determine if research libraries are providing the mobile services that students believe that they need for academic success. Design/methodology/approach – The researcher surveyed 53 academic library mobile apps and mobile web sites at Carnegie rated RU/VH universities to determine the number and variety of discovery functions available. Findings – All of the libraries had some level of research functions available, but there was a discrepancy between those that offered a full range of services and those that offered a minimal level. Research limitations/implications – Due to the transitory nature of the electronic universe, the data offered represents the state of academic library research services in a single moment in time and is subject to change. Practical implications – The research provides other libraries with a description of what comprises an adequate suite of essential services and a way to evaluate their own library’s offerings. Originality/value – This is the first study to evaluate and quantify the level of services provided by libraries at Carnegie Foundation RU/VH institutions.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:51:43 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2014-0084
  • Comparing flow experience in using digital libraries
    • Authors: Xianjin Zha, Jinchao Zhang, Yalan Yan, Wentao Wang
      Pages: 41 - 53
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 41-53, March 2015.
      Purpose – Flow experience is conceptualized as an optimal experience about an activity, characterized by a match between perceived challenges and perceived skills. The purpose of this paper is to explore mobile libraries by comparing users’ perceptions of web digital libraries and mobile libraries in terms of flow experience so as to obtain insights regarding the healthy development of mobile libraries. Design/methodology/approach – Data collected from university digital library users were used for analysis. One figure was used to present the exact nature of users’ perceptions of flow experience in terms of data distribution. The paired samples t-test was used to present the exact mean difference between flow experience in using web digital libraries and mobile libraries. Findings – Fewer users can experience flow and more users cannot experience flow in using mobile libraries than in using web digital libraries. The mean of flow experience in using mobile libraries is significantly smaller than that in using web digital libraries. Practical implications – Digital libraries have faced severe competition in the modern information society. In China university libraries as a whole are undergoing the transition from web digital libraries to mobile libraries. It is critical to examine user experience in the initial or early stage of mobile library development. The authors believe the findings of this study regarding flow experience provide useful insights for facilitating the healthy development of mobile libraries. Originality/value – This study explores and compares users’ perceptions of web digital libraries and mobile libraries in terms of flow experience, which the authors think provides a new view for university digital library research and practice alike.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:46 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2014-0111
  • The use of digital talking books by people with print disabilities: a
           literature review
    • Authors: Anna Hampson Lundh, Genevieve Marie Johnson
      Pages: 54 - 64
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 54-64, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse empirical studies regarding the use of digital talking books (Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) books) as well as the possibilities and limitations that users with print disabilities encounter when using these books. Upon fulfilment of this purpose, it is also possible to identify research needs in the area of talking books. Design/methodology/approach – An analysis of 12 empirical studies concerning the use of DAISY books is conducted. The concept of affordances is employed in the analysis, which focuses on: users of talking books, talking books as objects, and the social settings in which talking books are used. Findings – First, the reviewed literature indicates that the navigational features of the DAISY talking book appear to provide unprecedented affordances in terms of the users’ approaches to reading. However, the affordances of talking books depend, to some extent, on whether the users have visual impairments or dyslexia/reading and writing difficulties. Second, the reviewed literature illustrates that the affordances provided by talking books depend on the settings in which they are used, both in terms of specific social situations and wider socio-political contexts. Originality/value – Although the need for assistive reading technologies, such as digital talking books, is large, research in this area is scarce, particularly from a user perspective. This paper describes the results of those studies which have actually been conducted on this topic and highlights areas that require further study.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:51:53 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2014-0074
  • Ease of use and usefulness as measures of student experience in a
           multi-platform e-textbook pilot
    • Authors: David James Johnston, Selinda Adelle Berg, Karen Pillon, Mita Williams
      Pages: 65 - 82
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 65-82, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of how students accept and use e-textbooks in higher education by assessing their experiences with e-textbooks from Flat World Knowledge (FWK) and Nelson Education during a two year campus pilot. Design/methodology/approach – Students enrolled in one of 11 classes involved in the library’s e-textbook pilot were recruited to complete an online survey including questions related to the perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of electronic textbooks, as well as their general habits with the textbook. This study uses the Technology Acceptance Model as a framework for analysis. Findings – Students experienced a drop in enthusiasm for e-textbooks from the beginning to the end of the pilot. While research suggests that students prefer for print over electronic in some contexts, students rarely acted on that preference by seeking out available alternative print options. Student experience with the open/affordable textbook (FWK) was very comparable to that of the high cost commercial text (Nelson). Originality/value – While previous research suggests that students have a general preference for textbooks in print rather than electronic, the study suggests that preference may not dictate the likelihood that students will use print options. Students appear to be willing and able to easily make use of the content and functions in their e-textbooks. Despite overall positive reviews for the e-textbooks, students experienced a drop in enthusiasm for e-textbooks from the beginning to the end of the pilot.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:51:06 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-11-2014-0107
  • The role of memory in document re-finding
    • Authors: Xiao Xie, Diane H. Sonnenwald, Crystal Fulton
      Pages: 83 - 102
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 83-102, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore graduate students’ behaviour and perspectives regarding personal digital document management, as well as insights into the connections between memory and document re-finding. Design/methodology/approach – Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 graduate students studying information and library science. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed. The transcripts were analysed using open and axial coding. Findings – Participants were overall positive about the importance of managing their digital documents but they had little knowledge about currently available personal information management (PIM) tools. Characteristics of digital documents frequently used by participants to re-find documents include name, subject, storage location, creation time, keyword, document title, document file type, user’s location and recency. For participants the act of organizing documents is itself a memory aid. Participants’ recommendations for PIM tools include support for information organization and simplistic visualizations that can be customized, e.g., using colour to highlight folders or documents. Research limitations/implications – The number of study participants was relatively small, and further studies should examine a more diverse participant sample, e.g., to investigate whether tasks influence re-finding. Further studies should also examine PIM with respect to other types of devices and services, including tablets and cloud services. Practical implications – The results include recommendations for future PIM tool design. Originality/value – This research identifies documents’ characteristics that participants use to re-find documents and the importance of these characteristics. It also examines the usage and expectations of PIM tools in everyday PIM.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:29 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2014-0050
  • Assessing the accuracy of vendor-supplied accessibility documentation
    • Authors: Laura DeLancey
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 103-113, March 2015.
      Purpose – In an effort to ensure vendor compliance with Section 508, some libraries have begun requesting Voluntary Product Accessibility Templates (VPATs) or other documentation of accessibility compliance. The purpose of this paper is to assess the accuracy of vendor-supplied compliance documentation, and to identify common accessibility issues highlighted by the VPATs. A detailed discussion of vendor responses to each Section 508 checkpoint is provided in the Appendix. Design/methodology/approach – Researchers compared 17 VPATs with the results of an automated accessibility scan to identify inconsistencies and common problems. Findings – Vendors reported being fully compliant with 64 percent of the applicable VPAT items, and partially compliant with a further 24 percent. However, in 16 of 17 cases, there were discrepancies between the information on the VPAT and the results of the scan. Of the total 189 VPAT checkpoints the author scanned, 19.6 percent had errors (meaning the information on the VPAT was inaccurate 19.6 percent of the time). Research limitations/implications – Several VPAT checkpoints could not be automatically verified by the scan. Instead they require manual/visual verification, which the author did not do. Because the author only scanned three pages of each resource, the author was not able to check all content. Practical implications – Vendor-supplied accessibility documentation should not be taken at face value, but requires verification and follow up to ensure its accuracy. This study also identified some of the most common accessibility issues, which will help both librarians and vendors improve their products and services. Originality/value – Other studies have analyzed the accessibility of library resources and specifically vendor databases, but none have assessed the accuracy of vendor-supplied Section 508 compliance documentation.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:37 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2014-0077
  • Investigating factors affecting the acceptance of self-service technology
           in libraries
    • Authors: Chun-Hua Hsiao, Kai-Yu Tang
      Pages: 114 - 133
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 114-133, March 2015.
      Purpose – The self-service technology (SST) launched outside libraries has received great attention in Taiwan. This automatic book stop (ABS), FastBook, has raised some interesting issues regarding users’ behavior in the library context. The purpose of this paper is: first, to assess critical variables that contribute to users’ acceptance of SST in the library context; second, to propose an integrated SST acceptance model in terms of technological and individual factors; and third, to further examine the gender differences among all the theoretical relationships proposed in this research model. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a sound theoretical foundation, the authors proposed a research model to investigate users’ intention to adopt FastBook, including both technological and individual factors. The survey methodology and structural equation modeling were used in this study. Findings – The proposed model successfully accounted for about 92 percent of the total variance explained in attitude and 45 percent in behavioral intention (BI). Individuals’ attitudes toward FastBook had a significant impact on their usage intention. All three technological characteristics (perceived ease of use, usefulness, and reachability) and one individual trait (self-efficacy) were confirmed as critical determinants of attitude. Note that the effect of self-efficacy on attitude was much stronger for male than for female users. Originality/value – The SST launched outside libraries has received great popularity and extended the library service to readers in Taiwan. This research connected actual users’ experience and the SST literature to provide a conceptual understanding of FastBook adopting process.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2014-0087
  • Conceptualizing the integration of digital humanities in instructional
    • Authors: Raymond Pun
      Pages: 134 - 142
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 134-142, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize how digital humanities (DH) projects can be integrated into instructional services programs in libraries. The paper draws on three digital projects from the New York Public Library (NYPL) and explores how librarians can creatively utilize these resources to teach new digital literacy skills such as data analysis and data management. For patrons, they can learn about the content of these crowd-sourcing projects as well. By integrating DH projects into library instruction, the possibilities and opportunities to expand and explore new research and teaching areas are timely and relevant. Design/methodology/approach – The approach of this paper is to explore NYPL’s three digital projects and underscore how they can be integrated into instructional services: “What’s On the Menu,” “Direct Me NYC” and “Map Warper” all offer strengths and limitations but they serve as paradigms to explore how digital resources can serve multipurpose use: they are databases, digital repositories and digital libraries but they can also serve as instructional service tools. Findings – The paper conceptualizes how three DH projects can serve as teaching opportunities for instructional services, particularly teaching digital literacy skills. By exploring the content of each digital project, the paper suggests that users can develop traditional information literacy skills but also digital literacy skills. In addition, as crowdsourcing projects, the Library also benefits from this engagement since users are adding transcriptions or rectified maps to the Library’s site. Patrons develop visual literacy skills as well. The paper addresses how librarians can meet the needs of the scholarly community through these new digital resources. While the paper only addresses the possibilities of these integrations, these ideas can be considered and implemented in any library. Practical implications – The paper addresses positive outcomes with these digital resources to be used for library instructional services. Based on these projects, the paper recommends that DH projects can be integrated into such instructions to introduce new content and digital skills if appropriate. Although, there are limitations with these digital resources, it is possible to maximize their usage if they are used in a different and creative way. It is possible for DH projects to be more than just digital projects but to act as a tool of digital literacy instruction. Librarians must play a creative role to address this gap. However, another limitation is that librarians themselves are “new” to these resources and may find it challenging to understand the importance of DH projects in scholarly research. Originality/value – This paper introduces DH projects produced in a public research library and explores how librarians can use these digital projects to teach patrons on how to analyze data, maps and other content to develop digital literacy skills. The paper conceptualizes the significant roles that these DH projects and librarians can play as critical mediators to introducing and fostering digital literacy in the twenty-first century. The paper can serve as an interest to academic and public libraries with large research collections and digital projects. By offering new innovative ideas of integrating DH into instructional services, the paper addresses how DH projects teaching tools can support specific digital skills such as visual literacy and data analysis.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:52:31 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2014-0055
  • European Union information in an acceding country
    • Authors: Sanjica Faletar Tanackovic, Ivana Faletar Horvatic, Boris Badurina
      Pages: 143 - 158
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, Page 143-158, March 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the exploratory study whose aim was to investigate the information needs and information-seeking behavior of post-secondary students related to the European Union (EU) in Croatia. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 504 students enrolled in post-secondary education across country took part in this study. Data were collected through an online survey during a 60-day period preceding the Croatia’s full membership in the EU. Findings – The findings revealed the high need for information about the EU among the student population. The respondents required European information in a wide range of thematic areas and the majority of them did not feel well informed about the EU in general. Students responding required the European information both for personal reasons and for educational purposes. The majority of respondents required the EU information in order to better understand the EU in general and they faced a number of challenges when accessing it. Research limitations/implications – Limitations inherent to the method used and the limited number of respondents. Future research should include a wider array of respondents (older citizens, professionals, etc.) so as to obtain a broad a picture as possible of information needs and seeking behavior related to EU. Practical implications – The study offers valuable insight into the types of EU information needed by citizens (post-secondary students) in an acceding country. The survey results are expected to be of interest to European administration charged with the development of effective communication policies, national authorities in EU candidate and acceding countries, and information professionals in general. Originality/value – This is the first study of EU information needs and seeking behavior in an acceding country.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 09:51:26 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2014-0103
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