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Journal Cover Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.926]   [H-I: 19]   [963 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Towards an understanding of data work in context: emerging issues of
           economy, governance, and ethics
    • First page: 182
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose It is a commonplace that innovation in the digital economy is now driven by data. Business organizations, media companies, and government for example all create economic and societal value from the digital traces left by the user population. At the same time the data captured also contains information that personally identifies consumers, citizens and patients as individuals. The purpose of this paper is to place this new form of data work in the context of previous approaches to information work; to identify the differences between information and data work and the resulting challenges for data professionals. Design/methodology/approach Informed by a review of previous approaches to information work, the article argues that the shift in value from information to data as an economic asset and a societal good entails a new form of human-oriented data work. One that is more sensitive to the contextual conditions and consequences of the capture, processing and use of data than has been the case hitherto. The implications of this for a shift in emphasis from the data scientist to the data professional is addressed, as are emerging issues of governance and ethics. Findings The main consequence for data professionals is to ensure that processes are in place not only to enable the creation of valued products and services from data, but also to mitigate the risks related to their development. The paper argues that ensuring this involves taking a contextual view that locates data processing within the user, governance, legal, and ethical conditions related to data work. The consequences for the governance of data, and the education of data professionals are addressed Originality/value The value of the paper rests in its development of an analytical and methodologically driven framework, that places new forms of data work in the context of their conditions and consequences. The framework builds on prior approaches to information work, current approaches to data work, and addresses the governance, and educational challenges arising from organisations' emphasis on data-driven innovation in a digital economy.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2015-0121
  • Search engine optimization: a case study using the bibliographies of LG
           Science Land in Korea
    • First page: 197
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This study examines the effect of, and identifies core techniques of, search engine optimization (SEO) techniques applied to the Web ( and mobile (http// Science Land content and services at LG Sangnam Library in Korea. Design/methodology/approach In accordance with three major SEO guidelines, ten search engine optimization techniques were identified and applied, and their implications were extracted on three areas: improved search engine accessibility, increased relevance between site content and search engine keywords, and improved site credibility. The effects were quantitatively analyzed in terms of registered search engine keywords and influx of visits via search engines. Findings This study shows that SEO techniques help increase the exposure of the library services and the number of visitors through search engines. Practical implications SEO techniques have been applied to a few non-Korean information service organizations, but it is not a well-accepted practice in Korean libraries. And the dominant search engines in Korea have published their own SEO guidelines. Prior to this study, no significant endeavors have been undertaken in the context of Korean library services that have adopted SEO techniques to boost exposure of library services and increase user traffics. Originality/value This is the first published study that has applied optimized SEO techniques to Korean Web and mobile library services, in order to demonstrate the usefulness of the techniques for maximized exposure of library content.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0014
  • Implementation and evaluation of mobile e-books in a cloud bookcase using
           the information system success model
    • First page: 207
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose To continue to develop and improve cloud e-bookcases, this study implements a cloud e-bookcase and modifies the Information Systems Success Model (IS Success Model) to make it capable of assessing this system. It also provides suggestions for future systems development. Design/methodology/approach This study implements a cloud bookcase and uses the IS success model to evaluate user intention and satisfaction with the system. It also develops a success model for the cloud bookcase. Findings The results of study indicate that user satisfaction and intention with regard to using the system are positively related to net benefits. In other words, increasing user satisfaction and intention with regard to using the system will have a positive effect on the benefits users receive from doing so. Practical implications Users think the functions and services of the cloud bookcase can indeed help them search for and organize information about electronic books. However, they are not satisfied with the information quality. Therefore, further work is needed to identify any important factors that this study did not investigate. This study suggests that the quality of a system’s functions and guide service have to be upgraded in order to increase user satisfaction with and intention to use the system. Originality/value This study implements a cloud bookcase and uses the IS success model for verification. An overall explanatory power of 77.9% is achieved with this approach. User satisfaction with and intention to use the system are independent from each other, and the results caused by various factors can be separately identified. The findings of this study have considerable practical value.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2015-0113
  • Use of smartphones by art and design students for accessing library
           services and learning
    • First page: 224
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This paper is to explore art and design students’ use of smartphones for accessing library services and learning at the Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI). Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire survey involving 51 HKDI students was conducted to examine the students’ utilization of apps and the Internet on mobile devices to find information for the purpose of academic learning, social networking, and collaborative learning. Findings Survey results showed that while the HKDI students were all smartphone owners and active users of such mobile communication devices, only a minority of them “frequently” use these mobile devices for formal learning purposes. They demonstrated a keen preference to use search engines, social communications, and other diverse use of smartphones. Except for research and image/audio-visual needs, the rest of their needs and usage behaviour is similar to mainstream university students. Practical implications The results suggests opportunities for the libraries to develop services and facilities that could better fulfil students’ information needs, and to improve the network coverage outside the library. Originality/value This is probably the first study of its kind to explore art and design students’ use of smartphones for learning needs. In particular, the recent capability of smartphones and mobile Internet speed are comparable with desktops, it is vital to re-examine the much changed environment and user needs.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0015
  • Cataloging the 3D web: the availability of educational 3D models on the
    • First page: 239
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The number of 3D models available on the internet to both students and educators is rapidly expanding. Not only are the 3D model collections of popular websites like growing, organizations such as the Smithsonian Institution and NASA have also recently begun to build collections of 3D models and make these openly accessible online. Yet, even with increased interest in 3D printing and 3D scanning technologies, little is known about the overall structure of the 3D models available on the internet. Design/methodology/approach To initiate this project, a list was built of 33 of the most widely used 3D model websites on the internet. Freely downloadable models, as well as models available for purchase or as 3D printed objects were included in the list. Once the list of 33 websites was created, the data for each individual 3D model in the collections was manually assembled and recorded. The titles of the 3D models, keywords, subject headings, license information, and number of views and downloads were recorded, as this information was available. The data were gathered between January and May 2015, and compiled into a CSV database. To determine how online 3D model content relates to a variety of educational disciplines, relevant subject terms for a variety of educational disciples were extracted from the EBSCO database system. With this list of subject terms in hand, the keywords in the CSV database of model information were searched for each of the subject terms, with an automated process using a Perl script. Findings There have been many teachers, professors, librarians and students who have purchased 3D printers with little or no 3D modelling skills. Without these skills the owners of these 3D printers are entirely reliant on the content created and freely shared by others to make use of their 3D printers. As the data collected for this research paper shows, the vast majority of open 3D model content available online pertains to the professions already well-versed in 3D modelling and CAD design, such as engineering and architecture. Originality/value Despite that fact that librarians, teachers and other educators are increasingly using technologies that rely on open 3D model content as educational tools, no research has yet been done to assess the number of 3D models available online and what educational disciplines this content relates to. This paper attempts to fill this gap, providing an overview of the size of this content, the educational disciplines this content relates to, and who has so far been responsible for developing this content. This information will be valuable to librarians and teachers currently working with technology such as 3D printers and virtual reality, as well as those considering investing in this technology.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0088
  • Extraction, analysis and publication of bibliographical references within
           an institutional repository
    • First page: 259
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The academic tradition of adding a reference section with references to cited and otherwise related academic material to an article provides a natural starting point for finding links to other publications. These links can then be published as Linked Data. Natural Language Processing technologies are available today that can perform the task of bibliographical reference extraction from text. Publishing references by the means of Semantic Web technologies is a prerequisite for a broader study and analysis of citations and thus can help to improve academic communication in a general sense. Design/methodology/approach This paper examines the overall workflow required to extract, analyse and semantically publish bibliographical references within an Institutional Repository with the help of Open Source software components. Findings A publication infrastructure where references are available for software agents would enable additional benefits like citation analysis, e.g. the collection of citations of a known paper and the investigation of citation sentiment. The publication of reference information as demonstrated in this article is possible with existing semantic web technologies based on established ontologies and open source software components. Research limitations/implications Only a limited number of metadata extraction programs have been considered for performance evaluation and reference extraction was tested for journal articles only, whereas Institutional Repositories usually do contain a large number of other material like monographs. Also, citation analysis is in an experimental state and citation sentiment is currently not published at all. For future work, the problem of distributing reference information between repositories is an important problem that needs to be tackled. Originality/value Publishing reference information as linked data is new within the academic publishing domain
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0003
  • Low-barrier-to-entry data tools: creating and sharing humanities data
    • First page: 268
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This case study determines whether TAMS Analyzer and Viewshare are viable free and open source software data sharing and creation tools for those with limited funding and technological skills. Design/methodology/approach The participant observer method was used to collect experiential evidence while applying the tools to a collection of text-, image-, and video-based digital cultural records. Findings TAMS Analyzer was found to be a low barrier to entry tool for those with coding and qualitative data analysis experience. Those with general experience will be able to create datasets with the support of manuals and tutorials, while those with limited experience may find it difficult to use. Viewshare was found to be a low barrier to entry tool for sharing data online, and accessible for all skill levels. Research limitations/implications TAMS Analyzer supports Mac and Linux platforms only, so a low-cost software recommendation was made for those in Windows environments. Practical implications Librarians can use these tools to address data access gaps while promoting library digital collections. Originality/value The research evaluates both the capabilities of the tools and the barriers to using or accessing them, which are often neglected. The article addresses a need in the literature for greater scrutiny of tools that are a critical component of the data ecology, and will further assist librarians when connecting scholars to tools of inquiry in an environment with limited funding and technical support.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0073
  • Information literacy instruction in Chinese universities: MOOCs versus the
           traditional approach
    • First page: 286
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This paper discusses a teaching project and a series of systematic efforts to promote an Information Literacy Instruction (ILI) module and transform it into a successful and well-established Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Specifically, this paper provides not only a detailed description and discussion on these transformation processes, but also a comparative analysis of two very different teaching approaches. Design/methodology/approach This paper focuses on the ILI module in Wuhan University with a top-ranked Library and Information School in China. As a result, this module has been treated as a case study to investigate the transformation processes from a traditional module to MOOCs. Specifically, two research processes are scrutinized in this study, namely, AHP analysis and data analysis on the ILI MOOCs. Findings It has become evident that ILI is widely considered to be extremely important, not only for university students, but also for a large number of post-college professionals in various industries. Moreover, by using innovation and interactive online techniques, MOOCs have significantly improved the quality of ILI. Practical implications If a module is delivered to a large number of students, MOOCs are effective and convenient. To ensure a successful ILI course, this study describes a detailed procedure for transforming a traditional course to a ubiquitous, high-quality and interactive one. Originality/value This paper represents early attempts to develop MOOCs on ILI in China. In addition, experience and insight from this study are of interest to university educators and policy makers with implications beyond the Chinese educational system.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:17Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0013
  • Constructing linkage between libraries and up-to-date news
    • First page: 301
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to construct the linkage between libraries and up-to-date news. This study developed a system to recommend libraries’ resources to those daily news readers who are interested in the topics of the target news. The analysis of experiments results served as the reference for the development and improvement of linking libraries’ resources with other web resources. Design/methodology/approach Up-to-date news were gathered through the news feeds to make the integration with the libraries’ records. In task1, the libraries’ records were linked and recommended to the target libraries’ records which are of the same topics. In task2, the system aimed to find the relevant libraries’ records for target news. Three recommendation methods were compared in both tasks to find the most effective approach to the system. Findings Experiment results showed that: at first, in task 1, the system can assign the libraries’ records of the related topics effectively; secondly, in task 2, the recommending system can obtain a satisfied recall hit rate through human evaluation. Therefore, regarding the popularity of the daily news online, the linkage and recommendation with the libraries’ resources can increase the visibility of the libraries’ resources and eventually promote the information consuming in libraries. Practical implications The author have confirmed, using three matrix factorization methods, that weighted matrix factorization (WMF) used in the libraries’ records recommendation system, could achieve better performance than the other two. Based on the research, the libraries could incorporate the online news and libraries’ resources in practice. Originality/value To increase the visibility and promote information consuming of libraries, this study proposed a novel method to construct the linkage between library and up-to-date news. The results of data analysis indicate that recommendation of libraries resources through the daily news can achieve effective performance. Thus, it can be inferred that the research results of this study are representative and have practical values in real world practice.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-11-2015-0109
  • A study to evaluate the digitization level of Korean libraries (part I)
    • First page: 314
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This study aimed to discover and enumerate the elements of the digital library and measure how much an individual library was equipped with the characteristics of the digital library accordingly. Design/methodology/approach For this purpose several steps were taken. First, research on the characteristics and the representative services of the digital library were comprehensively reviewed. Second, examples of the library services that were being considered for the next generation digital library were investigated to compare with the conventional library services. Third, the elements of the conventional and the digital libraries initially extracted were examined by ten experts. These experts were composed of researchers and professors specializing in digital libraries, and career librarians who had worked in the digital library field for at least ten years. The elements were verified through discussions with them. Fourth, nineteen university libraries, sixteen public libraries, and seventeen special libraries were selected in accordance with the verified elements of the conventional and the digital libraries to measure the digitization level of the libraries. Findings The following is a summary of the evaluation of the first 8 evaluation items, which are covered in Part 1 of this study. The remaining 5 items will be covered in Part 2. First, the digitization level of the acquisition element and classification & cataloguing was significantly high. Second, book collections excluding ‘digital video’, reference service, library program service, and space service showed significantly conventional characteristics. Third, in the element of circulation services, the item of lending books offline and returning the books scored 92.64 and the item of lending-returning with use of smart devices and social media obtained significantly low scores. Also, the average in using the book return desk for the circulation service was 81.39, much higher than using the automatic book return machine, which scored 18.61, by a wide margin. Fourth, in the element of user services, the digital item of providing support for mobile services related to the library resources demonstrated higher scores than the conventional item, but other items showed more conventional characteristics. In particular, the item of duplication services for material scored 94.99, but other items such as support for publication/bookbinding services using digital publication tools and devices obtained significantly low scores. Originality/value This study is first study in the world to measure the level of digitization of the library. Therefore, hereafter, each library will be able to measure and determine its digital position based on these elements. Up to now, some research was performed in pursuit of extracting the elements of a library but it has relied solely on literature review. Comprehensive research had never been performed as in this study.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0102
  • A study to evaluate the digitization level of Korean libraries (part II)
    • First page: 359
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This research study was undertaken to evaluate the current digitization levels of Korean libraries by identifying key elements of library services and measuring them for conventional vs. digital approaches and use. Design/methodology/approach The study utilized previous research related to digital libraries and consultations with experts to arrive at 13 evaluation elements and components within them to analyze. For the purpose of this study specialized libraries, college and university libraries, and public libraries were surveyed, and their responses analyzed to rate their current digitization levels vs. more conventional approaches. Findings - First, after determining the elements that characterized the conventional and digital libraries by analyzing different pieces of literature and consulting with experts, 92 factors were identified for each of the conventional and digital elements based on the axis which was composed of 13 items. Second, this study indicated that the libraries obtained one of the conventional or digital characteristics independent of the situation, rather than that the digital library was more effective than the conventional library. Third, in evaluating the chosen libraries used as the examples, it was observed that the libraries had more conventional characteristics among the elements of the digital and conventional libraries. Also, based on the axis used for comparison of 13 items, elements such as the next generation service, the SNS service, and the library program service were more conventional, but elements such as classification & cataloging, acquisition, and the organization were more digitized. Originality/value This study is the first study in the world to measure the level of digitization of the library. Therefore, hereafter, each library will be able to measure and determine its digital position based on these elements. Up to now, some research was performed in pursuit of extracting the elements of a library but it had relied solely on literature review. Comprehensive research had never been performed as in this study.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0010
  • Internet of Things – potential for libraries
    • First page: 404
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The subject of this article is the potential of Internet of Things (IoT) technology for libraries in terms of the possible scope and usage forms of this technology in public and academic library services. Design/methodology/approach Based on analysis of the subject literature, the main areas of IoT applications in commercial institutions were identified, then an analysis of library and information science English-language literature from the years 2010-2015 was conducted in order to create a profile of modern library services. The range of activities of commercial and non-commercial institutions were compared to ascertain if areas in which commercial entities using or planning to use IoT could also be an inspiration for libraries. In this way, a theoretical model of IoT use in library activities was developed. Findings The research showed that IoT technology might have the potential to be used in library services and other activities, similar to how it is implemented in the commercial sector. Research limitations/implications The aim of the paper is to determine the possible, not the actual, scope and forms of using this technology in public and academic libraries’ services. Practical implications The results can be widely used in libraries as an inspiration for the use of IoT technology in modern library services. Originality/value The use of IoT in libraries is a new issue that has not been studied much yet.The issue of using the potential of this technology for the needs of libraries has, in recent years, been raised at international conferences, become a subject of interest to librarian associations, and been widely discussed in the blogosphere, thus proving that this topic is important to practitioners. It is difficult, however, to find any scientific, comprehensive studies of this topic.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0100
  • Which platform should I choose? Factors influencing consumers’
           channel transfer intention from web-based to mobile library service
    • Pages: 2 - 20
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 2-20, March 2016.
      Purpose – With more and more individuals relying on mobile devices to obtain information, many libraries launch mobile application to satisfy mobile users’ information need. The purpose of this paper is to figure out factors influencing consumers’ channel transfer intention of library service from web-based platform to mobile app. Design/methodology/approach – A structural equation model is proposed based on categorization theory. In addition, situational contexts are taken into account to make research model more suitable for the real condition. Data collected from 319 samples are used for hypotheses examining. Findings – The relationships between source and target (perceived differentiation including function differentiation and resource differentiation) positively affect perceived situation efficiency, which in turn shapes intention to use mobile library application. Perceived mobile library quality positively influences perceived differentiation, perceived situation efficiency and mobile library adoption intention. In summary, perceived situation efficiency is the main factor. Practical implications – Both quality and situational factors should be taken seriously, and mobile device producers and mobile app developers should cooperate on improving the quality of mobile app. Meanwhile, it is critical to examine the relationship between web based and mobile library service in the initial or early stage of mobile library development. Originality/value – By focussing on the impacts of the relationship between web and mobile library service and evaluation of mobile library on the adoption intention, this paper not only provides a theoretical understanding of mobile library adoption behavior but also offers practical insights to library managers and app developers for promoting such a process.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:17Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0065
  • Children use second-and third-dimensional digital library interfaces
    • Pages: 21 - 35
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 21-35, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore children’s spatial cognitive abilities as they engaged in information-seeking behaviors on two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) digital interfaces. Design/methodology/approach – Children between the ages of seven and 11 were observed as they browsed either a 2D or 3D navigation interface for a children’s digital library. Data regarding their use of the overview function and depth cues were analyzed to reveal the relationships between search performance efficiency, precision, and effectiveness and the associative memory, visualization memory, and spatial visualization abilities of the user. Findings – Children spent less time using the 2D interface when compared to time spent using the 3D interface. Children exhibited better performance precision when using the 3D interface. Children applied exhaustive strategies and more varied cognitive skills across different tasks when using the 2D interface, and applied a more focussed approach when using the 3D interface. Originality/value – The cognitive abilities of children are not yet fully developed, so they require a unique user interface when browsing digital libraries. This study served the practical purpose of developing a game-like user interface for ease of use. Providing an effective overview function allows young users with less developed cognitive abilities to navigate informational cues. They can then build an effective mind map and implement efficient way-finding strategies.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:25Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0078
  • Building a scalable mobile library orientation activity with Edventure
    • Pages: 36 - 44
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 36-44, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the technical aspects of using the Edventure Builder platform to create UC San Diego’s scalable, interactive, online library orientation activity, which was designed for the university’s new First Year Experience program. Design/methodology/approach – This paper examines a case study using a successive approximation model for the build process of a mobile library scavenger hunt. Findings – The Edventure Builder software is intuitive, scalable and provides a variety of options to users, including flexibility in question format, a WYSIWYG interface, and branching logic. The main limitation is that analytics is still in beta testing and users must request that data be sent in an Excel spreadsheet via e-mail. Originality/value – This paper is of interest to information professionals who would like to create a mobile library orientation activity using the Edventure Builder platform.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0085
  • Reducing noise in the academic library: the effectiveness of installing
           noise meters
    • Pages: 45 - 63
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 45-63, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect of an electronic noise-monitoring device (NoiseSign) at reducing noise levels in quiet study areas in an academic library. Design/methodology/approach – Surveys and decibel-level measurements were used to measure the perceived and objective noise levels, respectively, in both an intervention and a control area of two major branch libraries. Patrons’ perception of noise was measured with a passive paper and online survey, which asked patrons to rate the current noise level and their desired noise level. The actual noise measurements were collected twice a day with a hand-held decibel reader for 60 seconds and then corroborated after the intervention with automatically logged decibel readings from the noise monitor device in the two intervention areas. The authors conducted one-way ANOVA’s to determine if the results were significant. Findings – The NoiseSign had no statistically significant effect on either actual noise levels or user perceptions of noise in the library. The surveys comments and anecdotal observation of the spaces while doing measurements did reveal that noise in the quiet study areas was not the primary source of complaints. Originality/value – In spite of many proposed solutions to reducing noise in libraries, there has been very little research in this area. This is the first study to examine the effectiveness of using a noise-monitoring device in reducing noise levels at an academic library.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2015-0034
  • THC-DAT: a document analysis tool based on topic hierarchy and context
    • Pages: 64 - 86
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 64-86, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel within-document analysis tool (DAT) topic hierarchy and context-based document analysis tool (THC-DAT) which enables users to interactively analyze any multi-topic document based on fine-grained and hierarchical topics automatically extracted from it. THC-DAT used hierarchical latent Dirichlet allocation method and took the context information into account so that it can reveal the relationships between latent topics and related texts in a document. Design/methodology/approach – The methodology is a case study. The authors reviewed the related literature first, then utilized a general “build and test” research model. After explaining the model, interface and functions of THC-DAT, a case study was presented using a scholarly paper that was analyzed with the tool. Findings – THC-DAT can organize and serve document topics and texts hierarchically and context based, which overcomes the drawbacks of traditional DATs. The navigation, browse, search and comparison functions of THC-DAT enable users to read, search and analyze multi-topic document efficiently and effectively. Practical implications – It can improve the document organization and services in digital libraries or e-readers, by helping users to interactively read, search and analyze documents efficiently and effectively, exploringly learn about unfamiliar topics with little cognitive burden, or deepen their understanding of a document. Originality/value – This paper designs a tool THC-DAT to analyze document in a THC way. It contributes to overcoming the coarse-analysis drawbacks of existing within-DATs.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0074
  • Legal deposit of electronic books – a review of challenges faced by
           national libraries
    • Pages: 87 - 103
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 87-103, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the challenges faced by national libraries regarding the legal deposit of electronic books, and to make recommendations for issues to consider – especially with regard to developing, planning and implementing. Design/methodology/approach – Literature published from 2000 to 2014 on legal deposit of electronic publications was examined. Key databases covering library and information science were searched, and case studies, general reviews, research papers/reports and view point articles were considered. Findings – National libraries embarking on projects on legal deposit of electronic books need to consider the collection, preservation and accessibility of the legal deposit collection. They face challenges regarding legal deposit legislation and institutional policy, legal considerations such as copyright, environmental factors, established mechanisms for deposit, information retrieval and access, preservation, human resources, financial implications and trust. Further research and continued monitoring of issues of concern and changes are required due to technological developments and the obsolescence of technology. Practical implications – The review raises awareness of issues that need to be considered by national libraries and other repositories to manage the legal deposit of electronic books in their institutions. Originality/value – The review can serve as a guide for nations (particularly in developing countries) to embark on the legal deposit of electronic publications, specifically electronic books.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:02:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2015-0060
  • From query analysis to user information needs: a study of campus map
    • Pages: 104 - 129
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 104-129, March 2016.
      Purpose – Search engines and web applications have evolved to be more tailored toward individual user’s needs, including the individual’s personal preferences and geographic location. By integrating the free Google Maps Application Program Interface with locally stored metadata, the author created an interactive map search for users to locate, and navigate to, destinations on the University of New Mexico (UNM) campus. The purpose of this paper is to identify the characteristics of UNM map search queries, the options and prioritization of the metadata augmentation, and the usefulness and possible improvement of the interface. Design/methodology/approach – Queries, search date/time, and the number of results found were logged and examined. Queries’ search frequency and characteristics were analyzed and categorized. Findings – From November 1, 2012 to September 15, 2013, the author had a total 14,097 visits to the SearchUNM Maps page ( There were total 5,868 searches (41 percent of all the page visits), and out of all the search instances, 2,297 of them (39 percent) did not retrieve any results. By analyzing the failed queries, the author was able to develop a strategy to increase successful searches. Originality/value – Many academic institutions have implemented interactive map searches for users to find locations and navigate on campus. However, to date there is no related research on how users conduct their searches in such a scope. Based on the query analysis, this paper identifies user’s search behavior and discusses the strategies of improving searches results of campus interactive maps.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2014-0110
  • Refocusing mobile makerspace outreach efforts internally as professional
    • Pages: 130 - 142
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 130-142, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to uninitiate new and non-traditional library resources, such as those commonly found in a makerspace, can often seem abstract, intimidating, or even unrelated to the library mission. The University of Nevada’s DeLaMare Science and Engineering Library set out to engage its on-campus library colleagues to increase awareness and understanding of the new technologies being offered in support of active learning and discovery. Design/methodology/approach – The science and engineering library is experimenting with an ongoing series of inreach/outreach workshops that enable other library faculty and staff from across the greater library organization to experience their non-traditional services and resources. A first pop-up maker technology workshop took place in June 2015 and was composed of three sessions including an introduction to 3D printing and modeling, digital design literacies, and lendable technologies. A survey was distributed to attendees for feedback. Findings – Anecdotal evidence suggest the event was successful, offering a potentially powerful mechanism for engaging and informing library staff about non-traditional resources and technology. Originality/value – This outreach approach may prove valuable for other academic libraries to similarly create awareness of non-traditional resources and technologies among its colleagues.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0077
  • User perceptions of ICT at the American University of Kuwait Library
    • Pages: 143 - 150
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 143-150, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the student perceptions of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the American University of Kuwait Library (AUK). Design/methodology/approach – The study uses a quantitative research method in order to investigate the perceptions of a wide range of students who use the academic library. The sample consists of 95 student volunteers, who provided data that were then analyzed and compared with literature from other authors in this subject field. Findings – The study found that the quality of the ICT equipment provided by the AUK library is very good, however training in how to use the library’s ICT is lacking. Practical implications – The findings suggest that the academic library looks into the possibility of changing the layout of the library to incorporate more computer terminals, as clearly many students feel there are currently not enough. The academic library must offer a greater amount of ICT training for students, preferably relating to the use of electronic resources and journals for new students. Originality/value – This study adds to the current literature on academic libraries in Kuwait, and is one of the first studies to look at students’ perceptions of ICT in a private university institution.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0087
  • A complete system for publishing music-related ETDs
    • Pages: 151 - 163
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 151-163, March 2016.
      Purpose – There is no proposed solution to address the unresolved issues of publishing music-related electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) pertaining to technology availability, copyright, and preservation. The purpose of this paper is to propose a complete system, including technology development and publishing model, which addresses the existing issues of publishing music-related ETDs. The paper shares the practice of utilizing the system developed by Texas Tech University Libraries known as Streaming Audio and Video Experience (SAVE), and proposes it as a solution for other multimedia collections. Design/methodology/approach – The proposed system includes a technology solution and a publishing model. The technology solution, SAVE, contains an authenticated streaming multimedia player, a responsive-design user interface, and a web-based submission and management system. The publishing model combines a DSpace-based institutional repository (IR) with SAVE and preservation strategies. Findings – The integrated system of SAVE and DSpace-based IR expands the access of music-related ETDs and other multimedia collections to patrons, benefits the distance education students as well as the local students, facilitates professors’ classroom teaching, and helps to preserve physical multimedia items by avoiding check-outs. Originality/value – The SAVE solution resolves issues of publishing music-related ETDs, fulfills the local needs of publishing hundreds of music-related ETDs from the College of Visual and Performing Arts, and supports the publishing of other multimedia collections. The software will be released open source to the public for other universities’ use. The publishing model is also useful for those universities that intend to integrate an IR with the streaming player platform.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:02:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0096
  • Using web2py Python framework for creating data-driven web applications in
           the academic library
    • Pages: 164 - 171
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 164-171, March 2016.
      Purpose – Many libraries have a need to develop their own data-driven web applications, but their technical staff often lacks the required specialized training – which includes knowledge of SQL, a web application language like PHP, JavaScript, CSS, and jQuery. The web2py framework greatly reduces the learning curve for creating data-driven websites by focussing on three main goals: ease of use; rapid development; and security. web2py follows a strict MVC framework where the controls and web templates are all written in pure Python. No additional templating language is required. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach – There are many frameworks available for creating database-driven web applications. The author had used ColdFusion for many years but wanted to move to a more complete web framework which was also open source. Findings – After evaluating a number of Python frameworks, web2py was found to provide the best combination of functionality and ease of use. This paper focusses on the strengths of web2py and not the specifics of evaluating the different frameworks. Practical implications – Librarians who feel that they do not have the skills to create data-driven websites in other frameworks might find that they can develop them in web2py. It is a good web application framework to start with, which might also provide a gateway to other frameworks. Originality/value – web2py is an open source framework that could have great benefit for those who may have struggled to create database-driven websites in other frameworks or languages.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:02:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2015-0082
  • Managing and mining historical research data
    • Pages: 172 - 179
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 172-179, March 2016.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review how historical research data are managed and mined today. Design/methodology/approach – The methodology builds on observations over the last decade. Findings – Reading speed is a factor in managing the quantity of text in historical research. Twenty years ago historical research involved visits to physical libraries and archives, but today much of the information is online. The granularity of reading has changed over recent decades and recognizing this change is an important factor in improving acce. Practical implications – Computer-based humanities text mining could be simpler if publishers and libraries would manage the data in ways that facilitate the process. Some aspects still need development, including better context awareness, either by writing context awareness into programs or by encoding it in the text. Social implications – Future researchers who want to make use of text mining and distant reading techniques will need more thorough technical training than they get today. Originality/value – There is relatively little discussion of text mining and distant reading in the LIS literature.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T03:03:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0086
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