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Journal Cover Library Hi Tech
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [938 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.996]   [H-I: 15]
  • Leveraging student course enrollment data to infuse personalization in a
           library website
    • Authors: Ian Chan et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose This article describes the benefits of integrating personalization within a library website and presents methodology for achieving this goal within an academic setting. Design/methodology/approach The project documented in this study explores the use of student course enrollment data as the basis for creating a personalized library website. Off-the-shelf, open source applications are used in conjunction with existing university data to deliver a final product that offers an enhanced user experience for the university community. Findings Adaptive personalization is increasingly commonplace on the web. Academic libraries have a unique source of existing data that offers the potential of adding personalization to the library website. At present, the personalization of library online services remains largely unexplored. This project illustrates one relatively low-cost method to help libraries interested in creating personalized websites. Practical implications This paper provides a guide for libraries interested in the implementation of personalization within their websites. Originality/value The project described in this case study is highly unique within libraries. The article outlines the feasibility and technical requirements associated with using course enrollment data to add personalized content to a library website.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:33 GMT
       
  • Skimming comprehension in two online document presentation environments
    • Authors: Nathan Lowrance et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose Readability applications are the software products designed to make online text more readable. Using information foraging theory as a framework, this paper studies the extent, if at all, using a readability application improves skimming comprehension in a low-clutter online environment. It also seeks to identify the perceived benefits or effects of using a readability application for skimming comprehension. Design/methodology/approach Ten participants skimmed two articles each, one in a low-clutter online document presentation environment, the other using an online readability application, as a timed, information foraging exercise. After reading each article, respondents answered true/false comprehension questions and follow up questions. Findings There was little difference in the comprehension of respondents after skimming in the two online documentation presentation environments. The readability environment was the preferred environment. Practical implications This study suggests that since participants claimed to prefer the text presentation of the readability application interface, interface designers may wish to create library interfaces for information seeking that follow the readability application format. Because some of the participants found themselves reading rather than skimming when using the readability application, readability for tasks other than skimming may be enhanced. Originality/value This is a practical study investigating an existing online readability application and its effects on an existing online reading environment as they pertain to information seeking behavior in general and to information foraging in particular.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:32 GMT
       
  • Community information portals: content and design issues for information
           access
    • Authors: Philip Hider et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose This paper reports on the findings of an audit of community information (CI) portals to provide an overview of how CI is being organised and presented on the Web by aggregating services, and how community information is being shaped and shared in community networks. It also investigates the role that public libraries play in online community information provision. Design/methodology/approach The research sampled community information portals online within the Australian Web domain (.au). An audit of 88 portals was undertaken to establish the scope, role and usefulness of the portals. The audit included a comprehensive usability analysis of a sub set of 20 portals evaluated for 20 different heuristics based on Nielsen’s heuristic model. Findings The research finds that the challenge facing portals is not a lack of information, it is the need to improve the mediation between the community services and people that CI portals promise useful and usable information for. While public libraries remain integral to the provision of community information in their geographical area, they now form part of a larger online network for CI provision, involving a wide range of organisations. Originality/value The paper discusses the ways CI portals contribute to the provision of information about community services and identifies areas where improvements are needed. In particular, it discusses how these sites function as part of larger CI networks and where more innovative, and more standardised, design could lead to greater levels of engagement and utility.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:29 GMT
       
  • StatBase: library statistics made easy
    • Authors: Alexandria Payne et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose This case study details a Library open source software (OSS) development project resulting in the launch of StatBase, a statistical gathering and data visualization tool, so that organizations can adopt a locally managed alternative to costly data aggregation tools. Design/methodology/approach This case study is based on a literature review, Agile development framework, and User Experience (UX) modelling. The software solution features a Joomla framework with contributed modules and open source architecture. Findings This case study demonstrates the creation and practical implementation of a scalable open source software platform for data management and analysis. Practical implications Provides a frame of reference and methodology for libraries, both public and academic, seeking to implement a web-based resource to gather, organize, and interpret statistical metrics via a centralized, lightweight, open source architecture. Originality/value This case study provides a detailed scope and step-by-step technology process description by which an organization can adopt or model the StatBase solution for business metrics.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:28 GMT
       
  • Institutional repository as an important part of scholarly communication
    • Authors: Teja Koler-Povh et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose The main purpose of the paper is to present the institutional repository (IR) named DRUGG of the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering (UL FGG), just from its beginnings in 2011, and using the statistics of visits to present its merits for higher visibility of scholarly publications on the web. The role of all stakeholders involved in the construction of this IR is highlighted. Design/methodology/approach The historical overview of the awareness of researchers on the UL FGG on worldwide scientific communication through web sites is showed just from beginnings in 1990's. Using Google Analytics the statistics of visits and downloads after a year of operations is showed, as well as the statistics of access from different networks from all over the world. Findings In the DRUGG repository mainly theses are archived which are usually not published elsewhere. They are very interesting for professional engineers working in practice. The statistics showed that 89 % of all visits come from public domains, while only 11 % are from the home domain of the University of Ljubljana. Research limitations/implications This paper is a case study and limited only to IR DRUGG. It describes the steps taken in implementing the IR considering the technological infrastructure, human resources and collaboration of the library staff with other professional and administrative faculty units. Practical implications The repository is to a large extent used by the professional public and that the use is not limited only to the home institution - University of Ljubljana. Originality/value This paper helps in planning to build an IR. It also presents an overview of worldwide research and analysis about the influence of IRs on citations of scholarly publications to convince the sceptical research policy makers.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:23 GMT
       
  • Experts as facilitators for the implementation of social media in the
           library' A social network approach
    • Authors: Hadewijch Vanwynsberghe et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose Based on the social capital theory, we assume that personal and professional experts are both relevant to people’s competence development. However, to date, there is little empirical evidence of how professional experts can support, or impede, people in learning how to deal with social media. The goal of this study is to examine the role and position of social media experts in the distribution of information on social media within the library as organization. Design/methodology/approach We draw upon social network and qualitative methods, within three public libraries located in Belgium. Findings The findings suggest that as the most central actors, social media experts in a library play a significant role in either supporting or constraining the distribution of information on social media. Research limitations/implications While the sample size was chosen to conduct a mixed methods study that would explore how the position of a social media expert in an organization such as the library facilitates or prevents the exchange of social media information, we acknowledge the need for large-scale empirical studies that can substantiate our findings in larger and more diverse samples. Originality/value This unique study explores how the role and position social media experts in Belgian public libraries can support, or impede, librarians in learning how to deal with social media. This study is useful for other public libraries who want to implement social media, establish a social media policy and/ or provide social media training.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:23 GMT
       
  • Enhancement of reading experience: users’ behavior patterns and the
           interactive interface design of tablet readers
    • Authors: Kuo-Liang Huang et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose Tablets are becoming mainstream devices for digital reading. Through user experience (UX), this study aimed to identify significant differences between tablet reading systems and other digital reading systems, explore potential requirements for the interactive interface, and propose design solutions so that user’ behavioral intention (BI) may be further enhanced. Design/methodology/approach First, the authors extracted the context of use and behavior patterns by conducting contextual inquiries; then, potential requirements were identified and design solutions were developed; last, the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was employed to verify research findings. Findings The outcome shows that the improved version of the interactive interface is significantly (p < .05) superior to the original version in various aspects, including perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEOU), user attitude (ATUT), and behavioral intention (BI). Originality/value So far, there has been no relevant research on UX concerning tablet reading systems. Therefore, this study first tried to investigate the primary difference between tablet reading systems and other digital reading systems in context of use and behavior patterns. Then, based on the foregoing discoveries, users’ motivations and perception of tablet readers were probed, and the problems with behavioral intention could be solved.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:16 GMT
       
  • Understanding methodological and disciplinary differences in the data
           practices of academic researchers
    • Authors: Travis Weller et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to better understand the data practices, influences and needs of researchers at a major public research institution. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on the results of a pre-tested, web-based survey of University of Kansas (KU) faculty, staff, researchers and graduate students. Findings Influences on data practices and data needs vary with the research methodology and academic discipline of the researcher. Practical implications Academic libraries may need to adjust the services they offer to meet the varying needs of researchers in differing disciplines using differing methodologies. Originality/value This study adds to the developing literature describing research data management.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:13 GMT
       
  • Open source software solutions in Indian libraries
    • Authors: Anilkumar Hanumappa et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose The main purpose of this study was to explore the OSS (Open Source Software) market relevant to Indian Libraries and more specifically, to review the existing library automation, i.e., ILMS (Integrated Library Management System) and DL (Digital Library) software solutions. Design/methodology/approach Survey method was adopted to collect data for this study and the sample population for this study included 356 library professionals. Findings The study findings indicate presence of OSS like Koha and NewGenLib in the ILMS category and Dspace, Eprints and Greenstone in the Digital library software category in India. The study also indicates that there is considerable interest among Indian libraries to adopt or migrate to OSS. Research limitations/implications The sample included largely, more than 80%, responses from the academic library segment and hence the results and analysis maybe more skewed to the academic library segment. However the implications of this study could be extended to other type of libraries and facilitate library professionals to make software choices with respect to library automation. Originality/value In addition to exploring the opportunities of OSS implementation in Indian libraries, the study includes issues related to migration, implementation, budget, training, etc. The study would have value for library professionals and OSS vendors to understand the Indian library market in the context of OSS.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:55:05 GMT
       
  • Web services to link interlibrary software with OCLC WorldShare
    • Authors: Josep-Manuel Rodríguez-Gairín et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose This article describes the use of web services to interconnect the GTBib interlibrary loan program with the OCLC WorldShare platform. Design/methodology/approach We describe the current problem of duplication of procedures in libraries that have added their collections to the OCLC WorldCat catalogue in recent years and are therefore more likely to receive interlibrary loan requests through the WorldShare Platform. Findings A solution that uses web services to insert and retrieve requests between the two systems is presented. Autonomous agents periodically check the status of the requests and keep them updated and synchronized. These agents also inform the library staff of any variation or inconsistency that is detected. Practical implications This technology reduces process management time by making it unnecessary to introduce the request data in both systems. Agents are used to check the consistency of statuses between the two systems, thus avoiding errors and omissions and improving the efficiency of the whole interlibrary loan process. Originality/value This paper describes in detail the technical aspects of the development as a reference for the development of future applications.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:54:57 GMT
       
  • System of digital publishing policies and regulations in China
    • Authors: Xianrong Huang et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to find the problems in the establishment of Chinese digital publishing policies and regulations system. Design/methodology/approach The research is through analysis the digital publishing policies and regulations in China referring to digital publishing macro policies, E-book policies, digital music policies, network animated cartoon policies, network game policies, as well as through examining the legal system (law, administrative regulation, departmental rules, judicial interpretation) in China. Findings The paper concludes that the framework of this system should contain three layers, and Chinese digital publishing policies and regulations system will continue to be improved and digital publishing market will be standardized operation. The digital publishing industry policies, digital publishing resource policies, digital technology policies, copyright policies and personnel training policies need for further investigation and research. Research limitations/implications Because of the coverage of digital publishing industry is so wide, the policies and regulations which the paper analyzed were not so comprehensive. Practical implications It can help the Chinese government make more comprehensive and rational policies and regulations for digital publishing industry and ensure the sustainable development of digital publishing industry. Originality/value The paper proposes that the government should first make clear the basic objectives of the digital publishing policies and regulations system in China and then determine the content of the system. It has a positive significance to promote the establishment the system of policies and regulations in China and can ensure the sustainable development of digital publishing industry.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:54:57 GMT
       
  • Integrating PDF interface into Java application
    • Authors: Quan Lu et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 3, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel approach to integrate PDF interface into Java-based digital library application. It bridges the gap between conducting content operation and viewing on PDF document asynchronously. Design/methodology/approach In this paper, we firstly review some related research and discuss PDF and its drawbacks. Next, we propose the design steps and implementation of three modes of displaying PDF document: PDF display, image display and XML display. A comparison of these three modes has been carried out. Findings We find that the PDF display is able to completely present the original PDF document contents and thus obviously superior to the other two displays. In addition, the format specification of PDF-based e-book does not perform well; lack of standardization and complex structure is exposed to the publication. Practical implications The proposed approach makes viewing the PDF documents more convenient and effective, and can be used to retrieve and visualize the PDF documents and to support the personalized function customization of PDF in the digital library applications. Originality/value This paper proposes a novel approach to solve the problem between content operation and the view of PDF synchronously, providing users a new tool to retrieve and reuse the PDF documents. It contributes to improve the service specification and policy of viewing the PDF for digital library. Besides, the personalized interface and public index make further development and application more feasible.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:54:45 GMT
       
  • Semantic ontologies for multimedia indexing (SOMI)
    • Authors: Issam Bendib et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 206-218, June 2014. Purpose – The overwhelming speed and scale of digital media production greatly outpace conventional indexing methods by humans. The management of Big Data for e-library speech resources requires an automated metadata solution. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach – A conceptual model called semantic ontologies for multimedia indexing (SOMI) allows for assembly of the speech objects, encapsulation of semantic associations between phonic units and the definition of indexing techniques designed to invoke and maximize the semantic ontologies for indexing. A literature review and architectural overview are followed by evaluation techniques and a conclusion. Findings – This approach is only possible because of recent innovations in automated speech recognition. The introduction of semantic keyword spotting allows for indexing models that disambiguate and prioritize meaning using probability algorithms within a word confusion network. By the use of AI error-training procedures, optimization is sought for each index item. Research limitations/implications – Validation and implementation of this approach within the field of digital libraries still remain under development, but rapid developments in technology and research show rich conceptual promise for automated speech indexing. Practical implications – The SOMI process has been preliminarily tested, showing that hybrid semantic-ontological approaches produce better accuracy than semantic automation alone. Social implications – Even as testing proceeds on recorded conference talks at the University of Tebessa (Algeria), other digital archives can look toward similar indexing. This will mean greater access to sound file metadata. Originality/value – Huge masses of spoken data, unmanageable for a human indexer, can prospectively find semantically sorted and prioritized indexing – not transcription, but generated metadata – automatically, quickly and accurately.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:59:14 GMT
       
  • Electronic theses and dissertations
    • Authors: Mildred Coates
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 285-299, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine two research questions: first, How do users in different locations find Auburn University Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)' Second, do users in different locations interact differently with the collection and, if so, how' Design/methodology/approach – Google Analytics data for user visits, landing pages, and page views were separated into groups based on user location. Visits data were also correlated with source (referring web site), and landing pages and page views were grouped by type. Findings – Most local users came to the repository via Auburn University web pages. This group usually landed on the collection home page and used internal navigation pages to find what they needed. Submission page views showed that most ETD depositors were local. Most out-of-state users came to the repository via web search engines. This group usually landed directly on bibliographic information pages for individual ETDs. They used internal navigation pages less frequently than local users. Users located within the state but outside of the local area interacted with the collection in a way that was intermediate between these two groups. Practical implications – Institutions interested in improving repository access for depositors will probably find it helpful to focus on in-state usage reports, while institutions seeking to improve access for end-users should exclude in-state users from their assessments. Originality/value – This is the first detailed examination of ETDs usage published since 2001 and shows how filtering tools available in Google Analytics allow comparisons of user behavior based on location and source (referring web site).
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:59:11 GMT
       
  • System design for location name recognition in ancient local chronicles
    • Authors: Ping Bao et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 276-284, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a system for recognition of location names in ancient books written in languages, such as Chinese, in which proper names are not signaled by an initial capital letter. Design/methodology/approach – Rule-based and statistical methods were combined to develop a set of rules for identification of product-related location names in the local chronicles of Guangdong. A name recognition system, with functions of document management, information extraction and storage, rule management, location name recognition, and inquiry and statistics, was developed using Microsoft's .NET framework, SQL Server 2005, ADO.NET and XML. The system was evaluated with precision ratio, recall ratio and the comprehensive index, F. Findings – The system was quite successful at recognizing product-related location names (F was 71.8 percent), demonstrating the potential for application of automatic named entity recognition techniques in digital collation of ancient books such as local chronicles. Research limitations/implications – Results suffered from limitations in initial digitization of the text. Statistical methods, such as the hidden Markov model, should be combined with an extended set of recognition rules to improve recognition scores and system efficiency. Practical implications – Electronic access to local chronicles by location name saves time for chorographers and provides researchers with new opportunities. Social implications – Named entity recognition brings previously isolated ancient documents together in a knowledge base of scholarly and cultural value. Originality/value – Automatic name recognition can be implemented in information extraction from ancient books in languages other than English. The system described here can also be adapted to modern texts and other named entities.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:59:06 GMT
       
  • Digital library user privacy: changing librarian viewpoints through
           education
    • Authors: Younghee Noh
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 300-317, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to research attempts to educate public librarians in the importance of user privacy issues and assist in reducing privacy violations by providing librarians with an educational program on the subject and measuring its effects. Design/methodology/approach – Research was conducted to examine the influence of education on library user privacy. An education program on the topic was developed and effects of the training were measured with pre- and post-seminar surveys. Findings – Concern for the protection of user privacy increased after the training, and its importance was rated higher as participating librarians became aware of the current likelihood of privacy violations, given the amount of user data libraries collect regularly. The demand for user privacy education also significantly increased after the librarian training course had been completed. Originality/value – This research verified that user privacy awareness can be greatly improved by educating librarians. The awareness change in librarians could greatly contribute to user protection and the basic mission of the library while controversial issues about privacy violation and filter bubbles are seriously discussed.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:59:06 GMT
       
  • Exploring the effect of individual differences on user perceptions of
           print and electronic resources
    • Authors: Xianjin Zha et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 346-367, June 2014. Purpose – Individual differences are critical in determining how individuals think and behave in different ways. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect of individual differences on users’ perceptions of print and electronic resources in terms of ease of use, usefulness and usage in the hopes that a better understanding of these effects can help Chinese university libraries to meet the diversified information needs of their users more specifically and appropriately so that the second-level capability divide and third-level outcome divide of library information resources can be much reduced. Design/methodology/approach – Data collected from 273 library users were used for data analysis. The independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and two-way ANOVA were employed. Meanwhile, the quantitative analysis is supplemented by the qualitative interviews which present richer data about the use of specific types of print and electronic resources. Findings – The effect of basic characteristics (gender, age, field) and experience (experience with library print resources, experience with library electronic resources, which library resources were used first) on users’ perceptions of print and electronic resources in terms of ease of use, usefulness and usage was explored and discussed. Meanwhile, the two-way interaction effect was examined and 13 significant interaction effects were presented. Originality/value – Building on the digital divide, this study examines ease of use, usefulness and usage in terms of individual differences which cover not only basic characteristics but also experience and two-way interaction, which the authors think provides a new view for library information resources research and practice alike in China.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:52 GMT
       
  • Case study: a metadata scheme for multi-type manuscripts for the T.D. Lee
           Archives Online
    • Authors: Fang Li et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 219-228, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a solution for designing a metadata scheme for multi-type manuscripts based on a comparison of various existing metadata schemes. Design/methodology/approach – The diversity of manuscript types is analysed. Descriptive scheme based on machine-readable MARC and metadata specifications-based descriptive scheme are compared. User tasks and resource features are analysed. Several challenges are posed and resolved through the design and establishment of a metadata scheme for the T.D. Lee Archives Online. Findings – Clarify an approach for developing a metadata scheme for multi-type manuscripts. Originality/value – From a multi-type perspective, this study designs a metadata scheme, establishes the element set and expands elements by studying a typical practice case. Useful suggestions for libraries, archives and museums are provided.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:51 GMT
       
  • Ensuring accessibility of electronic information resources for visually
           impaired people
    • Authors: Stefanus Andreas Kleynhans et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 368-379, June 2014. Purpose – The paper addresses the importance of clarifying terminology such as visually impaired and related terms before embarking on accessibility studies of electronic information resources in library contexts. Apart from briefly defining accessibility, the paper attempts to address the lack of in-depth definitions of terms such as visually impaired, blind, partially sighted, etc. that has been noted in the literature indexed by two major Library and Information Science (LIS) databases. The purpose of this paper is to offer a basis for selecting participants in studies of accessibility of electronic information resources in library contexts and to put discussions of such studies in context. Design/methodology/approach – Clarification of concepts concerning visual impairment following a literature survey based on searching two major databases in LIS. To put the discussion in context accessibility is also briefly defined. Findings – Although visually impaired and a variety of related terms such as blind, partially sighted, visually disabled, etc. are used in the LIS literature, hardly any attempt is made to define these terms in depth. This can be a serious limitation in web and electronic accessibility evaluations and the selection of participants. Practical implications – Clearly distinguishing between categories of visually impaired people and the ability of sight of participants is important when selecting participants for studies on accessibility for visually impaired people, e.g. the accessibility evaluation of web sites, digital libraries and other electronic information resources. Originality/value – The paper can make a contribution to the clarification of terminology essential for the selection of participants in accessibility studies, as well as enriching the literature on accessibility for visually impaired people in the context of LIS.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:47 GMT
       
  • Mobile services at academic libraries: meeting the users’ needs'
    • Authors: Catharine Bomhold
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 336-345, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe how academic libraries in the USA have responded to the rapidly evolving mobile environment and to determine if there is a noticeable, comprehensive pattern to instituting mobile services. Design/methodology/approach – The researcher surveyed library mobile services of 73 academic libraries at Carnegie Foundation rated RU/VH institutions. Based on this survey, the paper describes the current state of mobile services at very high research universities. Findings – While most academic libraries at research universities have some sort of mobile presence, what is offered is highly varied and is not predictable. There are still many notable University libraries that have no mobile presence. Practical implications – This study highlights the inconsistent nature of mobile services at research universities and identifies best practices in place at others. Originality/value – This is the first study to employ the Carnegie Foundation ratings of the university in which the library functions.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:46 GMT
       
  • The application profiles and development characteristics of library Open
           Source Software projects
    • Authors: Namjoo Choi
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 260-275, June 2014. Purpose – Little is known as to the breadth and diversity of Open Source Software (OSS) applications for libraries and the development characteristics that influence the sustainability and success of projects creating them. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by analyzing a large sample of library OSS projects. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 594 library OSS projects (469 from SourceForge and 125 from Foss4lib) are classified by type and further differentiated and assessed across a number of criteria including, but not limited to, sponsorship status, license type, and development status. Findings – While various types of library OSS applications were found to be under development and in use, the results show that there has been a steady decrease in the number of projects initiated since 2009. Although sponsorship was significantly positively associated with several indicators of OSS project success, the proportion of sponsored projects was relatively small compared to the proportions reported in some other contexts. In total, 71 percent of the projects have a restrictive license scheme, suggesting that the OSS ideology is valued among library OSS projects. The results also indicate that library OSS projects exhibit several characteristics that differ from the traditional developer-oriented OSS projects in terms of their technical environment. Originality/value – This study, as the first of its kind, offers a broader, more quantitative picture of the state of library OSS applications as well as the development characteristics of projects developing them. Several implications for research and practice, and directions for future research are provided.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:40 GMT
       
  • The Albert Einstein archives digitization project: opening hidden
           treasures
    • Authors: Dalia Mendelsson et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 318-335, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the organizational and technological processes and strategic choices that led to the successful digitization project of the Albert Einstein Archives. Design/methodology/approach – This is a case study of the major challenges that were associated with the project. These include: the integration of the archives in the academic environment; the management of a project of such magnitude within the university organization and between different stakeholders and the technological aspects of the project and user experience. Findings – A digitization project requires not only the archival staff expertise but also information specialists, IT staff, analysts and usually the digitization staff for processing the archival material. Finding the common language between all the professionals involved as well as building a good strategic plan are the keys to a successful project. Research limitations/implications – The planning and implementation of such a project requires a significant budget, manpower project management, hardware, software and intra- and inter-organizational cooperation and coordination. Originality/value – The phenomenon of digitizing unique and exclusive archival data by universities is becoming an innovative contribution of hidden goods to the public at large. This paper offers strategic insights for the planning of similar digitizing projects, particularly in an academic environment.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:37 GMT
       
  • Ontology-based text summarization. The case of Texminer
    • Authors: Pedro Hípola et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 229-248, June 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look into the latest advances in ontology-based text summarization systems, with emphasis on the methodologies of a socio-cognitive approach, the structural discourse models and the ontology-based text summarization systems. Design/methodology/approach – The paper analyzes the main literature in this field and presents the structure and features of Texminer, a software that facilitates summarization of texts on Port and Coastal Engineering. Texminer entails a combination of several techniques, including: socio-cognitive user models, Natural Language Processing, disambiguation and ontologies. After processing a corpus, the system was evaluated using as a reference various clustering evaluation experiments conducted by Arco (2008) and Hennig et al. (2008). The results were checked with a support vector machine, Rouge metrics, the F-measure and calculation of precision and recall. Findings – The experiment illustrates the superiority of abstracts obtained through the assistance of ontology-based techniques. Originality/value – The authors were able to corroborate that the summaries obtained using Texminer are more efficient than those derived through other systems whose summarization models do not use ontologies to summarize texts. Thanks to ontologies, main sentences can be selected with a broad rhetorical structure, especially for a specific knowledge domain.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:36 GMT
       
  • Populating the wilderness: crowdsourcing database of the smokies
    • Authors: Mark Patrick Baggett et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 2, Page 249-259, June 2014. Purpose – Researchers at the University of Tennessee Libraries experimented with crowdsourcing to determine if contributions by members of the public could be utilized to add citations and subject tags to a new online bibliography, Database of the Smokies (DOTS: dots.lib.utk.edu). The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach – The database is built in Drupal, an open source platform that provides a crowdsourcing mechanism. The public was offered the opportunity to create accounts and add content to DOTS. After three months, the project team performed a transaction log analysis of user submissions in order to determine whether an editorial process was necessary. Findings – This analysis revealed that 18 percent of database content was the result of crowdsourcing and that much of the content submitted by participants was either obscure or difficult to locate. The analysis also showed that while contributors added valuable citations, an editorial review process was necessary to ensure this crowdsourced content could be published in the database. In addition, contributor supplied subject tags were not of significant uniqueness or quantity to substantially influence the existing taxonomy. Finally, the publicity of the crowdsourcing feature allowed other institutions to contribute to the project and add rare material. Originality/value – This paper offers a model for utilizing crowdsourcing to entice a sophisticated user group to help build a bibliographic database.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 12:58:36 GMT
       
 
 
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