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Journal Cover Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.884]   [H-I: 26]   [1035 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Chinese students’ behavior intention to use mobile library apps and
           effects of education level and discipline
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine behavior intention of Chinese university students towards mobile library (m-library) applications (apps) and explore the determinants of their perceptions of m-library apps. Design/methodology/approach Based on previous research, this study first proposed an integrated model and hypothesized the relationships between constructs while exploring the significance of the effects of education level and discipline. 466 undergraduate and graduate students from various disciplines participated in a survey for this study. A structural equation modeling approach was applied for analysis. Findings Attitude is the main predictor of behavior intention towards m-library apps, and it is significantly affected by perceived usefulness, self-efficacy, and subjective norm. The quality of m-library apps determines students’ perception of usefulness. In addition, education level and discipline have significant effects on behavior intention towards m-library apps, which may reflect students’ different focuses and purposes of use. Originality/value This study deepens understanding of the continuance usage of m-library apps and has practical implications on related developments and services.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0061
       
  • Chinese students’ behavior intention to use mobile library apps and
           effects of education level and discipline
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine behavior intention of Chinese university students towards mobile library (m-library) applications (apps) and explore the determinants of their perceptions of m-library apps. Design/methodology/approach Based on previous research, this study first proposed an integrated model and hypothesized the relationships between constructs while exploring the significance of the effects of education level and discipline. 466 undergraduate and graduate students from various disciplines participated in a survey for this study. A structural equation modeling approach was applied for analysis. Findings Attitude is the main predictor of behavior intention towards m-library apps, and it is significantly affected by perceived usefulness, self-efficacy, and subjective norm. The quality of m-library apps determines students’ perception of usefulness. In addition, education level and discipline have significant effects on behavior intention towards m-library apps, which may reflect students’ different focuses and purposes of use. Originality/value This study deepens understanding of the continuance usage of m-library apps and has practical implications on related developments and services.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0061
       
  • Preserving the digital heritage of public institutions in Ghana in the
           wake of elecronic government
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper examines digital preservation of e-government in Ghana under the research question: What are the current digital preservation strategies being deployed across the ministries and agencies in Ghana? Design/methodology/approach Guided by a conceptual framework, underpinned by a quantitative approach, the paper uses survey approach, to address the digital preservation strategies deployed across public sector organisations in Ghana. It underscore the link between the conceptual framework and the literature to analyse the various digital preservation strategies. Findings Backup strategy, migration, metadata and trusted repositories were noted as the most widely implemented preservation strategies across the ministries and agencies. On the other hand, cloud computing, refreshing and emulation were the least implemented strategies used to address the digital preservation challenges Research limitations/implications The paper add to the existing conceptual underpinnings that have dominated the debate about data management, archival storage, preservation strategies, challenges and best practices of digital preservation of e-government. Originality/value This study draws its originality from the evidence of studies on digital preservation in Ghana as most studies have rather focused on the preservation of documentary heritage, preservation and security of microfilms, preservation practices in the public records (Akussah, 2003; Ampofo, 2009; Festus, 2010). The emergence of this study addresses the knowledge gap in the preservation of digital records in a country where little attention has been accorded to digital preservation. The study also feeds into the Ghana’s vision 2020 and the ICT policy document of the ministry of communication which aim at ensuring that Ghanaians have access to information and communication technology products and services
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0077
       
  • Preserving the digital heritage of public institutions in Ghana in the
           wake of elecronic government
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper examines digital preservation of e-government in Ghana under the research question: What are the current digital preservation strategies being deployed across the ministries and agencies in Ghana? Design/methodology/approach Guided by a conceptual framework, underpinned by a quantitative approach, the paper uses survey approach, to address the digital preservation strategies deployed across public sector organisations in Ghana. It underscore the link between the conceptual framework and the literature to analyse the various digital preservation strategies. Findings Backup strategy, migration, metadata and trusted repositories were noted as the most widely implemented preservation strategies across the ministries and agencies. On the other hand, cloud computing, refreshing and emulation were the least implemented strategies used to address the digital preservation challenges Research limitations/implications The paper add to the existing conceptual underpinnings that have dominated the debate about data management, archival storage, preservation strategies, challenges and best practices of digital preservation of e-government. Originality/value This study draws its originality from the evidence of studies on digital preservation in Ghana as most studies have rather focused on the preservation of documentary heritage, preservation and security of microfilms, preservation practices in the public records (Akussah, 2003; Ampofo, 2009; Festus, 2010). The emergence of this study addresses the knowledge gap in the preservation of digital records in a country where little attention has been accorded to digital preservation. The study also feeds into the Ghana’s vision 2020 and the ICT policy document of the ministry of communication which aim at ensuring that Ghanaians have access to information and communication technology products and services
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0077
       
  • The Liquid Galaxy in the library: a study of use and users of interactive
           digital display technology at UNC-CH
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the usability and user perceptions of the display technology in the library to evaluate the utility of the Liquid Galaxy technology and how it was deployed in a library setting. Design/methodology/approach This article presents the results of a mixed method (survey and interview) qualitative study of users of the Liquid Galaxy Google Earth/Google Streetview immersive display in the Research Hub of Davis Library of the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill conducted in April of 2105. 25 users of the Liquid Galaxy responded to survey or interview questions about their user experience and their emotional response to the Liquid Galaxy. Findings Users found the Liquid Galaxy easy to use and they had many reasons for using the Liquid Galaxy including: research, education, entertainment, trip planning and nostalgic virtual travel. Originality/value There are few studies on users experience of innovative non-way finding display technology in library settings and this study then adds to the literature on this subject. These results may assist organizations evaluating incorporating an immersive display such as the Liquid Galaxy into their offerings.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0045
       
  • The Liquid Galaxy in the library: a study of use and users of interactive
           digital display technology at UNC-CH
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the usability and user perceptions of the display technology in the library to evaluate the utility of the Liquid Galaxy technology and how it was deployed in a library setting. Design/methodology/approach This article presents the results of a mixed method (survey and interview) qualitative study of users of the Liquid Galaxy Google Earth/Google Streetview immersive display in the Research Hub of Davis Library of the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill conducted in April of 2105. 25 users of the Liquid Galaxy responded to survey or interview questions about their user experience and their emotional response to the Liquid Galaxy. Findings Users found the Liquid Galaxy easy to use and they had many reasons for using the Liquid Galaxy including: research, education, entertainment, trip planning and nostalgic virtual travel. Originality/value There are few studies on users experience of innovative non-way finding display technology in library settings and this study then adds to the literature on this subject. These results may assist organizations evaluating incorporating an immersive display such as the Liquid Galaxy into their offerings.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0045
       
  • Digital preservation: the conduit through which open data, electronic
           government and the right to information are impelmented
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper explores the extent to which digital preservation facilitate the implementation of electronic government, open data and the right to information. Design/methodology/approach A case study research which chronicles the link between transparency and data availability. It makes use of a theoretical framework based on the Open Archival information System to analyse, explain, clarify and justify the application of open data, electronic government and the right to information. Findings The paper argued that e-government, Open Data and the RTI will remain elusive if a digital preservation infrastructure is not pursued. Within the context of e-government, the paper adumbrated that government agencies can incorporate e-government legislations into their digital preservation activities, precisely because the relationship between digital preservation and e-government have always been symbiotic. It alluded to the fact that an obligation will be placed on all public authorities and private agencies covered by the RTL law to create, keep, and organize an effective and efficient system of record keeping, so as to give meaning to the right to information when citizens apply for information. Practical implications Future research should examine closely the implication of Open Data government within the context of digital preservation. Whilst digital preservation looks forward to the longevity of digital records and its accessibility, Open Data focuses on the utility of these records through online services, reuse and distribution for the purposes of transparency and citizens’ participation. Originality/value The application of digital preservation to Open Data in this paper appears to be more relevant at a time when most governments of the world are striving to obtain data to fight poverty, achieve universal primary education, fight HIV and foster maternal health.Its originality can further be established from the symbiotic relationship between digital preservation and electronic government, open data and the right to information.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0078
       
  • Digital preservation: the conduit through which open data, electronic
           government and the right to information are impelmented
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper explores the extent to which digital preservation facilitate the implementation of electronic government, open data and the right to information. Design/methodology/approach A case study research which chronicles the link between transparency and data availability. It makes use of a theoretical framework based on the Open Archival information System to analyse, explain, clarify and justify the application of open data, electronic government and the right to information. Findings The paper argued that e-government, Open Data and the RTI will remain elusive if a digital preservation infrastructure is not pursued. Within the context of e-government, the paper adumbrated that government agencies can incorporate e-government legislations into their digital preservation activities, precisely because the relationship between digital preservation and e-government have always been symbiotic. It alluded to the fact that an obligation will be placed on all public authorities and private agencies covered by the RTL law to create, keep, and organize an effective and efficient system of record keeping, so as to give meaning to the right to information when citizens apply for information. Practical implications Future research should examine closely the implication of Open Data government within the context of digital preservation. Whilst digital preservation looks forward to the longevity of digital records and its accessibility, Open Data focuses on the utility of these records through online services, reuse and distribution for the purposes of transparency and citizens’ participation. Originality/value The application of digital preservation to Open Data in this paper appears to be more relevant at a time when most governments of the world are striving to obtain data to fight poverty, achieve universal primary education, fight HIV and foster maternal health.Its originality can further be established from the symbiotic relationship between digital preservation and electronic government, open data and the right to information.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0078
       
  • Advancing PubMed? A comparison of 3rd-party PubMed/MEDLINE tools
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose Systematic reviews of biomedical literature are used to inform patient-treatment. Yet the acquisition of relevant literature is proving increasingly challenging due to the large volume of information that needs to be searched, filtered and collocated. There is a need to improve the efficiency of biomedical literature searches. PubMed remains the primary resource for biomedical literature, and as PubMed makes the MEDLINE data and Entrez PubMed Programming utilities freely available, any developer can produce alternative tools to search the database. We question if PubMed still provides the superior search interface for systematic searches or if the innovativeness of third party tools provide alternatives worth considering. Design/methodology/approach Seventy-six third party tools that build on PubMed content were identified in a PubMed search and in published studies known to the authors. Only tools that provided free access to the broad PubMed content and designed specifically to enhance the search were included, reducing the set to 16 tools. The functionality of each tool within the scenario of a systematic search was compared across 11 aspects. A systematic search in PubMed was used as study control. Findings The 16 tools limited rather than advanced the sorting, filtering and export functionality required in a systematic search. The reproducibility of the searches in these sources was reduced. Our study shows that PubMed remains the superior provider for searching, identifying, and exporting biomedical literature for systematic reviews. Originality/value Our work contributes to the discussion of how librarians can help researchers navigate the bio-medical literature in systematic reviews.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0066
       
  • Advancing PubMed? A comparison of 3rd-party PubMed/MEDLINE tools
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose Systematic reviews of biomedical literature are used to inform patient-treatment. Yet the acquisition of relevant literature is proving increasingly challenging due to the large volume of information that needs to be searched, filtered and collocated. There is a need to improve the efficiency of biomedical literature searches. PubMed remains the primary resource for biomedical literature, and as PubMed makes the MEDLINE data and Entrez PubMed Programming utilities freely available, any developer can produce alternative tools to search the database. We question if PubMed still provides the superior search interface for systematic searches or if the innovativeness of third party tools provide alternatives worth considering. Design/methodology/approach Seventy-six third party tools that build on PubMed content were identified in a PubMed search and in published studies known to the authors. Only tools that provided free access to the broad PubMed content and designed specifically to enhance the search were included, reducing the set to 16 tools. The functionality of each tool within the scenario of a systematic search was compared across 11 aspects. A systematic search in PubMed was used as study control. Findings The 16 tools limited rather than advanced the sorting, filtering and export functionality required in a systematic search. The reproducibility of the searches in these sources was reduced. Our study shows that PubMed remains the superior provider for searching, identifying, and exporting biomedical literature for systematic reviews. Originality/value Our work contributes to the discussion of how librarians can help researchers navigate the bio-medical literature in systematic reviews.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0066
       
  • The application of social media in outreach of academic libraries'
           resources and services - a case study on WeChat
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce the implementation of the official WeChat account, the most popular mobile social media site in China, to share Jinan University Library collections and services to students, faculty and staff. The implementation,experience and issues have implications for academic libraries and other institutions to run and improve social media tools. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study, which elaborates on the implementation process of the official WeChat account, including project group establishment,account application and management, users’ needs analysis,WeChat secondary development and model of development. Findings Our official WeChat account has already engaged a population of followers who are able to directly access library resources and service via their mobile device. The social media tool is an effective approach to promote library services and enhance relationships between the library and users. The issues appear during the process of WeChat implementation and promotion, which require WeChat’s provider, third party applications’ vendors and the library to work together to solve. Originality/value The implementation of official WeChat account has practical implications for academic libraries and other institutions to conduct it and similar social medial tools, such as Sina Weibo, Facebook and Line. In particular, it is beneficial for academic libraries outside China which desire to use WeChat to engage Chinese international students. Additionally it provides insight to the future effort on social media promotion, secondary development and cooperation within social networking industry.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0055
       
  • The application of social media in outreach of academic libraries'
           resources and services - a case study on WeChat
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce the implementation of the official WeChat account, the most popular mobile social media site in China, to share Jinan University Library collections and services to students, faculty and staff. The implementation,experience and issues have implications for academic libraries and other institutions to run and improve social media tools. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study, which elaborates on the implementation process of the official WeChat account, including project group establishment,account application and management, users’ needs analysis,WeChat secondary development and model of development. Findings Our official WeChat account has already engaged a population of followers who are able to directly access library resources and service via their mobile device. The social media tool is an effective approach to promote library services and enhance relationships between the library and users. The issues appear during the process of WeChat implementation and promotion, which require WeChat’s provider, third party applications’ vendors and the library to work together to solve. Originality/value The implementation of official WeChat account has practical implications for academic libraries and other institutions to conduct it and similar social medial tools, such as Sina Weibo, Facebook and Line. In particular, it is beneficial for academic libraries outside China which desire to use WeChat to engage Chinese international students. Additionally it provides insight to the future effort on social media promotion, secondary development and cooperation within social networking industry.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0055
       
  • Using Primo for undergraduate research: a usability study
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to observe how undergraduate students approach open-ended searching for a research assignment, specifically as it affected their use of the discovery interface Primo. Design/methodology/approach Thirty undergraduate students were provided with a sample research assignment and instructed to find resources for it using web tools of their choice, followed by the Primo discovery tool. Students were observed for 30 minutes. A survey was provided at the end to solicit additional feedback. Sources students found were evaluated for relevance and utility. Findings Students expressed a high level of satisfaction with Primo despite some difficulty navigating through more complicated tasks. Despite their interest in the tool and previous exposure to it, it was usually not the first discovery tool students used when given the research assignment. Students approached the open-ended search environment much like they would with a commercial search engine. Originality/value This paper focused on an open-ended search environment as opposed to a known-item scenario in order to assess students’ preferences for web search tools and how a library discovery layer such as Primo was a part of that situation. Evaluation of the resources students found relevant were also analyzed to determine to what degree the students understood the level of quality they exhibited and from which tool they were obtained.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0052
       
  • Using Primo for undergraduate research: a usability study
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to observe how undergraduate students approach open-ended searching for a research assignment, specifically as it affected their use of the discovery interface Primo. Design/methodology/approach Thirty undergraduate students were provided with a sample research assignment and instructed to find resources for it using web tools of their choice, followed by the Primo discovery tool. Students were observed for 30 minutes. A survey was provided at the end to solicit additional feedback. Sources students found were evaluated for relevance and utility. Findings Students expressed a high level of satisfaction with Primo despite some difficulty navigating through more complicated tasks. Despite their interest in the tool and previous exposure to it, it was usually not the first discovery tool students used when given the research assignment. Students approached the open-ended search environment much like they would with a commercial search engine. Originality/value This paper focused on an open-ended search environment as opposed to a known-item scenario in order to assess students’ preferences for web search tools and how a library discovery layer such as Primo was a part of that situation. Evaluation of the resources students found relevant were also analyzed to determine to what degree the students understood the level of quality they exhibited and from which tool they were obtained.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0052
       
  • A survey of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to explore the current characteristics and status of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries. Design/methodology/approach Using a sample of 46 sub-provincial and provincial public libraries in China, this study collected data from their WeChat official accounts. Statistical analysis and content analysis were employed for data analysis. Findings The results show that, 82.6% of the 46 libraries had applied for WeChat accounts and offered services, of which the earliest created time was March 20th, 2013. Differences were found among history information regarding their numbers, types and contents. Also, as for service mode, 84.2% of the libraries present custom menus, and 68.4% provide self-inquiry information. In addition, three types of reference services are revealed: real-time services (28.9%), services via telephones or e-mails (36.8%) and menu services (7.9%). Originality/value This study illustrates an overall picture of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries. Extant research has mainly focused on Web 2.0 applications in university libraries, and less attention has been paid on the application of mobile social media in public libraries. This study attempts to fill this research gap.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0068
       
  • A survey of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to explore the current characteristics and status of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries. Design/methodology/approach Using a sample of 46 sub-provincial and provincial public libraries in China, this study collected data from their WeChat official accounts. Statistical analysis and content analysis were employed for data analysis. Findings The results show that, 82.6% of the 46 libraries had applied for WeChat accounts and offered services, of which the earliest created time was March 20th, 2013. Differences were found among history information regarding their numbers, types and contents. Also, as for service mode, 84.2% of the libraries present custom menus, and 68.4% provide self-inquiry information. In addition, three types of reference services are revealed: real-time services (28.9%), services via telephones or e-mails (36.8%) and menu services (7.9%). Originality/value This study illustrates an overall picture of WeChat application in Chinese public libraries. Extant research has mainly focused on Web 2.0 applications in university libraries, and less attention has been paid on the application of mobile social media in public libraries. This study attempts to fill this research gap.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0068
       
  • THC-DAT helps in reading a multi-topic document: results from a
           user-centered evaluation of a within-document analysis tool
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose With a mass of electronic multi-topic documents available, there is an increasing need for evaluating emerging analysis tools to help users and digital libraries analyze these documents better. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency and user satisfaction of THC-DAT, a within-document analysis tool, in reading a multi-topic document. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed related literature first, then performed a user-centered, comparative evaluation of two within-document analysis tools, THC-DAT and BOOKMARK. THC-DAT extracts a topic hierarchy tree using hierarchical Latent Dirichlet Allocation (hLDA) method and takes the context information into account. BOOKMARK provides similar functionality to the Table of Contents bookmarks in Adobe Reader. Three novel kinds of tasks were devised for participants to finish on two tools, with objective results to assess reading effectiveness and efficiency. And post-system questionnaires were employed to obtain participants’ subjective judgments about the tools. Findings The results confirm that THC-DAT is significantly more effective than BOOKMARK, while not inferior in efficiency. There is some evidence that suggests THC-DAT can slow down the process of approaching cognitive overload and improve users’ willingness to undertake difficult task. Based on qualitative data from questionnaires, the results indicate that users were more satisfied when using THC-DAT than BOOKMARK. Practical implications Adopting THC-DAT in digital libraries or electrical document reading systems contributes to promoting users’ reading performance, willingness to undertake difficult task and general satisfaction. Moreover, THC-DAT is of great value to addressing cognitive overload problem in the information retrieval field. Originality/value This paper evaluates a novel within-document analysis tool in analyzing a multi-topic document, and proved that this tool is superior to the benchmark in effectiveness and user satisfaction, and not inferior in efficiency.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0081
       
  • THC-DAT helps in reading a multi-topic document: results from a
           user-centered evaluation of a within-document analysis tool
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose With a mass of electronic multi-topic documents available, there is an increasing need for evaluating emerging analysis tools to help users and digital libraries analyze these documents better. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency and user satisfaction of THC-DAT, a within-document analysis tool, in reading a multi-topic document. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed related literature first, then performed a user-centered, comparative evaluation of two within-document analysis tools, THC-DAT and BOOKMARK. THC-DAT extracts a topic hierarchy tree using hierarchical Latent Dirichlet Allocation (hLDA) method and takes the context information into account. BOOKMARK provides similar functionality to the Table of Contents bookmarks in Adobe Reader. Three novel kinds of tasks were devised for participants to finish on two tools, with objective results to assess reading effectiveness and efficiency. And post-system questionnaires were employed to obtain participants’ subjective judgments about the tools. Findings The results confirm that THC-DAT is significantly more effective than BOOKMARK, while not inferior in efficiency. There is some evidence that suggests THC-DAT can slow down the process of approaching cognitive overload and improve users’ willingness to undertake difficult task. Based on qualitative data from questionnaires, the results indicate that users were more satisfied when using THC-DAT than BOOKMARK. Practical implications Adopting THC-DAT in digital libraries or electrical document reading systems contributes to promoting users’ reading performance, willingness to undertake difficult task and general satisfaction. Moreover, THC-DAT is of great value to addressing cognitive overload problem in the information retrieval field. Originality/value This paper evaluates a novel within-document analysis tool in analyzing a multi-topic document, and proved that this tool is superior to the benchmark in effectiveness and user satisfaction, and not inferior in efficiency.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0081
       
  • Historical insights for Ebook design
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to provide ebook designers and researchers with design insights by promoting historical knowledge about books and reading as sources of ideas to implement in current and future ebooks. Design/methodology/approach We review historical features of books and practices of reading that have been implemented, weakened, or lost over time, referring to historical texts and resources, and relate them to ebook viewers (software) and readers (hardware) that are currently on the market. In particular, the review focuses on the physical form of the book and the practices of reading, annotation, and bookshelving. Findings While some older forms and reading practices have been implemented in ebook devices, others have been forgotten over time, due in part to physical constraints that are no longer relevant. We suggest that features that constrained print books and print reading in the past might actually improve the design of ebooks and e-reading in the present. Research limitations/implications This review is necessarily based on a limited set of existing historical sources. Practical implications Translating insights into novel tangible designs is always a challenging task. Ebook designers can gain insights from this paper that can be applied in a variety of design contexts. Originality/value No previous work focused on ebook design has foregrounded historical aspects of books and reading as viable sources of ideas to implement in ebooks.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0075
       
  • Historical insights for Ebook design
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to provide ebook designers and researchers with design insights by promoting historical knowledge about books and reading as sources of ideas to implement in current and future ebooks. Design/methodology/approach We review historical features of books and practices of reading that have been implemented, weakened, or lost over time, referring to historical texts and resources, and relate them to ebook viewers (software) and readers (hardware) that are currently on the market. In particular, the review focuses on the physical form of the book and the practices of reading, annotation, and bookshelving. Findings While some older forms and reading practices have been implemented in ebook devices, others have been forgotten over time, due in part to physical constraints that are no longer relevant. We suggest that features that constrained print books and print reading in the past might actually improve the design of ebooks and e-reading in the present. Research limitations/implications This review is necessarily based on a limited set of existing historical sources. Practical implications Translating insights into novel tangible designs is always a challenging task. Ebook designers can gain insights from this paper that can be applied in a variety of design contexts. Originality/value No previous work focused on ebook design has foregrounded historical aspects of books and reading as viable sources of ideas to implement in ebooks.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-06-2016-0075
       
  • Eye tracking in library and information science: a literature review
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the application of eye-tracking technology within the field of Library and Information Science. Eye tracking technology has now reached a level of maturity, which makes the use of the technology more accessible. Subsequently, a growing interest in employing eye tracking as a methodology within Library and Information Science research must be anticipated. Design/methodology/approach The review follows the guidelines set in the PRISMA recommendations (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Two reference databases are searched for relevant references: Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA). The main selection criteria are peer-reviewed literature, that describe the experimental setting, including which eye tracking equipment was used, the number of test persons and report eye tracking measures. Furthermore, this study will report which other methods were applied in combination with eye tracking. Findings The number of published research utilizing eye-tracking technologies within Library and Information Science is still limited although an increase in the use of eye-tracking technologies is observed during recent years. Originality/value To the knowledge of the author, this is the first systematic review on eye-tracking technology and application in Library and Information Science.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0085
       
  • Eye tracking in library and information science: a literature review
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the application of eye-tracking technology within the field of Library and Information Science. Eye tracking technology has now reached a level of maturity, which makes the use of the technology more accessible. Subsequently, a growing interest in employing eye tracking as a methodology within Library and Information Science research must be anticipated. Design/methodology/approach The review follows the guidelines set in the PRISMA recommendations (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Two reference databases are searched for relevant references: Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA). The main selection criteria are peer-reviewed literature, that describe the experimental setting, including which eye tracking equipment was used, the number of test persons and report eye tracking measures. Furthermore, this study will report which other methods were applied in combination with eye tracking. Findings The number of published research utilizing eye-tracking technologies within Library and Information Science is still limited although an increase in the use of eye-tracking technologies is observed during recent years. Originality/value To the knowledge of the author, this is the first systematic review on eye-tracking technology and application in Library and Information Science.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2016-0085
       
  • Construction of the structural definition based terminology ontology
           system and semantic search evaluation
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to construct a structural definition based terminology ontology system that defines the meanings of academic terms on the basis of properties and links terms with properties that are structured by conceptual categories (classes). This study also aims to test the possibility of semantic searches by generating inference rules and setting very complicated search scenarios. Design/methodology/approach For the study, 55,236 keywords from the articles of the “Korea Citation Index” were structurally defined and relationships among terms and properties were built. Then, we converted the RDB data into RDF and designed ontologies using the ontology developing tool Protégé. We also tested the designed ontology with the inference engine of the Protégé editor. The generated reference rules were tested by TBox and SPARQL queries. Findings We generated inference control rules targeting high-input-ratio data in the properties of classes by calculating the input ratio of real input data in the system, and then we executed a semantic search by SPARQL query by setting very complicated search scenarios, for which it would be difficult to deduce results via a simple keyword search. As a result, it was confirmed that the search results show the logical combination of semantically related term data. Practical implications The proposed terminology ontology system was constructed with the author keywords from research papers, it will be useful in searching the research papers which include the keywords as search results by the complex combination of semantic relation. And the STNet database could be utilized as an index database in retrieval services and the mining of informal big data through the application of well-defined semantic concepts to each term. Originality/value This paper presented a methodology for supporting IR using expanded queries based on a novel model of structural terminology based ontology. The user who wants to access the specific topic can create query that brings the semantically relevant Information. The search results show the logical combination of semantically related term data, which would be difficult to deduce results via traditional IR systems.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2016-0090
       
  • Construction of the structural definition based terminology ontology
           system and semantic search evaluation
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to construct a structural definition based terminology ontology system that defines the meanings of academic terms on the basis of properties and links terms with properties that are structured by conceptual categories (classes). This study also aims to test the possibility of semantic searches by generating inference rules and setting very complicated search scenarios. Design/methodology/approach For the study, 55,236 keywords from the articles of the “Korea Citation Index” were structurally defined and relationships among terms and properties were built. Then, we converted the RDB data into RDF and designed ontologies using the ontology developing tool Protégé. We also tested the designed ontology with the inference engine of the Protégé editor. The generated reference rules were tested by TBox and SPARQL queries. Findings We generated inference control rules targeting high-input-ratio data in the properties of classes by calculating the input ratio of real input data in the system, and then we executed a semantic search by SPARQL query by setting very complicated search scenarios, for which it would be difficult to deduce results via a simple keyword search. As a result, it was confirmed that the search results show the logical combination of semantically related term data. Practical implications The proposed terminology ontology system was constructed with the author keywords from research papers, it will be useful in searching the research papers which include the keywords as search results by the complex combination of semantic relation. And the STNet database could be utilized as an index database in retrieval services and the mining of informal big data through the application of well-defined semantic concepts to each term. Originality/value This paper presented a methodology for supporting IR using expanded queries based on a novel model of structural terminology based ontology. The user who wants to access the specific topic can create query that brings the semantically relevant Information. The search results show the logical combination of semantically related term data, which would be difficult to deduce results via traditional IR systems.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2016-0090
       
  • Online library tutorials in Mexican universities: presence and
           characteristics
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The aim of this work is to assess the presence of online library tutorials in library websites of public universities in Mexico and analyze the main characteristics of these materials. Design/methodology/approach Through October and November, 2015, the number of online library tutorials was quantified in 230 public universities in Mexico and their characteristics were analyzed based on an 18-item template grouped in 4 categories: general information, presentation, content, and active learning. Findings Only 81 (29.2%) of the 279 libraries evaluated offer some type of instructional material to their users. A great variability was found regarding the quantity of tutorials presented by each library and its origin (elaborated by the library vs. third party materials). The majority of tutorials deal with the use of library services or the management of a specific information resource. The most usual formats are pdf and video, and generally have few elements of active learning. Practical implications Results obtained in this study provide a useful diagnosis for decision-making regarding the creation, improvement and diffusion policies of online library tutorials in university libraries. Originality/value This is the first study carried out about the presence and characteristics of online library tutorials in university libraries in Mexico.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2016-0094
       
  • Online library tutorials in Mexican universities: presence and
           characteristics
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 4, November 2016.
      Purpose The aim of this work is to assess the presence of online library tutorials in library websites of public universities in Mexico and analyze the main characteristics of these materials. Design/methodology/approach Through October and November, 2015, the number of online library tutorials was quantified in 230 public universities in Mexico and their characteristics were analyzed based on an 18-item template grouped in 4 categories: general information, presentation, content, and active learning. Findings Only 81 (29.2%) of the 279 libraries evaluated offer some type of instructional material to their users. A great variability was found regarding the quantity of tutorials presented by each library and its origin (elaborated by the library vs. third party materials). The majority of tutorials deal with the use of library services or the management of a specific information resource. The most usual formats are pdf and video, and generally have few elements of active learning. Practical implications Results obtained in this study provide a useful diagnosis for decision-making regarding the creation, improvement and diffusion policies of online library tutorials in university libraries. Originality/value This is the first study carried out about the presence and characteristics of online library tutorials in university libraries in Mexico.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-11-09T12:13:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2016-0094
       
  • Role of libraries in developing an informed and educated nation
    • First page: 422
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose Libraries of all types have often been called on to take on challenges ranging from information literacy and developing a reading culture to promoting social justice. In recent literature they have been challenged to contribute to the development of informed and educated nations – a big issue in developing countries. This paper raises awareness for this call as important for developing as well as developed nations (sliding back on their prosperity) and the numerous issues to bear in mind in this regard. Design/methodology/approach This contribution builds on the literature of library and information science, education and politics to present an exploratory viewpoint Findings Many obvious approaches to achieve the object of an informed and educated nation can be noted such as focusing on information literacy, digital literacy and information fluency. However more awareness is required of the need to take a holistic view of issues to focus on such as tolerance and ethics, and the information behaviour and information practices of people in various contexts Originality/value There are limited publications on the topic in the library and information science literature although “developing an informed and educated nation” features in the mission and vision plans of some countries. This contribution offers an exploratory viewpoint to raise awareness to consider various angles to the topic and to not think only in terms of education and information literacy, but to realise the full role libraries can play
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0009
       
  • Alternate reality games (ARG) as innovative digital information sources
    • First page: 433
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The article presents the gathering, integration and analysis of digital information sources for the creation of a conceptual framework for ARGs. ARGs hold potential for libraries, education, healthcare and many other sectors. Design/methodology/approach Case studies were performed on three previously played ARGs to create case reports. The various digital information sources for each game, sourced from multiple media, are compiled into a chronologically ordered game narrative which formed the case reports. The focus of the article is on the analysis of the case reports using constant comparative analysis to identify categories and subcategories. Relationships are established, based on each game, between the categories and sub categories to inform the creation of game diagrams. The game diagrams are then combined to create a conceptual framework that describes the functioning and components of an ARG. Findings The conceptual framework effectively described the types of information found within an ARG as well as how these different categories of information interact and link to one another. The framework also provides an abstract description of the components of ARGs, namely narrative, game actions and community. Originality/value The conceptual framework produced by the analysis enables an understanding of ARGs and how they are played and designed. Insight into how to analyse ARGs based on the information generated for the play of the game by both the players and the game designers is gained. Where other studies have provided insight into the phenomena of ARGs, this study focuses on constructing a conceptual framework of ARGs using the information generated by the game.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0018
       
  • Provision of the European Union information in an acceding country: a
           survey of the role of public libraries in Croatia
    • First page: 454
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper presents an exploratory study whose aim was to investigate the role of public libraries in the provision of European Union (EU) information in an EU acceding country (Croatia). Design/methodology/approach Study was conducted via online questionnaire in public libraries across country. Findings The findings revealed that majority of respondents (83,7%) think it is an important task of public libraries to provide citizens with materials about the EU, and that almost all responding libraries (98%) have EU materials. In general, respondents think that provision of EU materials in their library does not compromise its role of politically neutral institution. The results also indicate that libraries quite rarely (10%) maintain links to online sources on their websites. EU collections in responding libraries are promoted actively most frequently in the library itself and on its web site, and very rarely in the local media. Practical implications Findings are expected to be of interest to European administration in charge of the development of effective communication policies, national authorities in EU candidate and acceding countries, and information professionals in general. Originality/value This is the first study to investigate the role of public libraries in EU information provision in an EU acceding country.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0020
       
  • Academic technology confidence levels vs. ability in first-year
           traditional and non-traditional undergraduates
    • First page: 468
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This qualitative case study examined the technology confidence, skills, and post-skills-test emotions in traditional (younger than 24 years old) and non-traditional (24 and older) first-year college students at three undergraduate campuses in the Northeastern United States. Design/methodology/approach 39 college freshmen from three college campuses were recruited for the study. An online test environment and screen recording software were used to measure student proficiency in using PDFs, Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel, Gmail, and Windows. Data were collected in September 2013 Findings The majority of the students struggled with at least one facet of academic software. Traditional students were more confident than non-traditional students in their technology skills, but they did not score any higher on the skills test. Students who placed at the high end and low end of the test results curve most accurately assessed their technology skills, and their post-test feelings were the most appropriate in light of their test results. A large percentage of the traditional-aged students were overconfident about their skills and self-identified as “happy” or “wonderful” even after performing poorly on the test. Originality/value Having concrete data about student technology skills, rather than anecdotal data from Reference Desk interactions, can help librarians design improved instruction and tutorials that target areas of student technology weakness. In addition, there have been no studies that examine student immediate emotional response to test performance in this type of testing environment.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-03-2016-0032
       
  • The influence of smartphones on academic performance: the development of
           the technology-to-performance chain model
    • First page: 480
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The study aims at investigating the factors that influence college students’ smartphone use for academic purposes by identifying the task-technology fit (TTF) of smartphones. A research model is proposed to explain how TTF of smartphones affects college students’ perceived academic performance and smartphone use. Design/methodology/approach Online surveys were administered to college students at a South Korean university that has offered online academic services for more than five years, and 1,923 valid responses were analyzed. The study used Partial Least Squares Path Modeling to evaluate the measurement model, and the bootstrapping technique to test the significance of the hypotheses. Findings The findings highlight that the TTF of smartphones has a direct influence on students’ perceptions of performance impact and an indirect influence on smartphone use through a precursor of utilization, such as attitude towards smartphone use, social norms and facilitating conditions. Research limitations/implications Despite a reasonably large sample, a single cross-sectional survey has a likelihood of selection bias in the sample. Practical implications This study applies the TTF model to smartphone use among college students and suggests an effective way to motivate them to use mobile technologies for their academic activities. Originality/value The present study develops an empirical model to assess the adoption of smartphones and its effect on college students’ academic performance. Above all, the study identifies a causal relationship among TTF, precursor of utilization, smartphone use and a perceived impact on academic performance based on the development and validation of the TTF constructs of smartphones.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0038
       
  • Web robot detection in scholarly open access institutional repositories
    • First page: 500
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper investigates the impact and techniques for mitigating the effects of web robots on usage statistics collected by Open Access institutional repositories (IRs). Design/methodology/approach A close review of the literature provides a comprehensive list of web robot detection techniques. Reviews of system documentation and open source code are carried out along with personal interviews to provide a comparison of the robot detection techniques used in the major IR platforms. An empirical test based on a simple random sample of downloads with 96.20% certainty is undertaken to measure the accuracy of an IR’s web robot detection at a large Irish University. Findings While web robot detection is not ignored in IRs, there are areas where the two main systems could be improved. The technique tested here is found to have successfully detected 94.18% of web robots visiting the site over a two-year period (recall), with a precision of 98.92%. Due to the high level of robot activity in repositories, correctly labelling more robots has an exponential effect on the accuracy of usage statistics. Research limitations/implications This study is performed on one repository using a single system. Future studies across multiple sites and platforms are needed to determine the accuracy of web robot detection in OA repositories generally. Originality/value This is the only study to date to have investigated web robot detection in IRs. It puts forward the first empirical benchmarking of accuracy in IR usage statistics.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0048
       
  • Underutilisation of self-service libraries in Chinese cities: the absence
           of a patron-centric perspective
    • First page: 521
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose Self-service libraries (SSLs) have been regarded as an effective approach to provide convenient book services to the enormously large populations of China’s cities. These SSLs are in fact automatic book service machines, which provide a combination of services, including reading card issuing, book lending and returning, and book reservations and collection. However, despite acclaimed success, SSL services are not well received by patrons and are underutilised. This research study aims to identify and understand the causes of the underutilisation of SSL services in Chinese cities. Design/methodology/approach This study adopted an inductive approach and a case study research design. The SSL services in Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei Province, were adopted as the case study, in which 20 public librarians, SSL workers and managers, and library patrons were approached and interviewed using semi-structured question scripts. The interview data were analysed using a thematic analysis approach. Findings The analysis pointed to 13 causes in three main themes: management problems, service limitations, and the implicit role of government. Further conceptualisation of the findings revealed that the underutilisation of SSL services has resulted from the absence of a patron-centric perspective and the negligence of patrons’ needs and requirements. Therefore, to increase the popularity and usage of SSLs, it is necessary to develop patron-centric management mechanisms through which patrons’ needs and requirements can be effectively understood and responded to. Originality/value This study aims to develop specific suggestions to improve the usage of SSLs. Furthermore, although this study focuses on SSL development in China, this research can provide useful suggestions and implications that can be shared across international borders.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0054
       
  • Investigation and analysis of informetrics curriculum education in China
    • First page: 539
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to generalize the teaching characteristics of some typical colleges in China which offer Informetrics courses, and to propose useful suggestions for the course construction of Informetrics through empirical investigation. Design/methodology/approach The statuses of Informetrics curriculum education of the top ten universities in Library and Information Science and Archives Management in Chinese mainland as well as Fu Jen Catholic University in Taiwan have been investigated and analyzed through a network survey and a telephone survey. Wuhan University and Fu Jen Catholic University are considered as the typical examples. Findings The educational development of Informetrics in China has gone through three stages: the initial stage, the developing stage and the improving stage. Based on the empirical investigation and analysis, some meaningful conclusions are drawn concerning the education system, teaching objectives, teaching contents and teaching methods of Informetrics courses. Originality/value This paper provides curricular information about Informetrics courses in China.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2015-0080
       
  • How curiosity and uncertainty shape children’s information seeking
           behaviors
    • First page: 549
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper explores whether children adopt a survey or a route approach when seeking information in a virtual world, and whether their approach differs depending on whether they are experiencing positive or negative motivation. Different models were used based on disparate spatial recognition and conceptual abilities. Design/methodology/approach 127 children operated a 3D virtual world interface then they filled out a questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was employed to analyze weighted relationships among latent variables. Motivation (positive vs. negative), information-seeking model (heuristic survey or detailed route) and the spatial markers and complexity of patterns of the virtual world were examined. Findings We discovered that a highly motivated child tends to take a central route in the process of information seeking, whereas a child experiencing negative emotions and uncertainty prefers a survey approach using spatial markers to obtain information. In short, the type of motivation influences whether children adopt a heuristic or detailed perspective when searching for information on virtual interfaces. Originality/value It is believed that users combine perceptual activities (low-level cognition) with conceptual activities (high-level cognition) in order to save energy. Yet this study is the first to investigate the conditions under which children are prone to utilize spatial markers (based on visual working memory) or the sequencing of patterns (based on verbal working memory) to find information in a heuristic or detailed fashion. This study provides a fresh perspective regarding perceptual and conceptual integration for information visualization technology.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-11-2015-0110
       
 
 
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