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Journal Cover   Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.996]   [H-I: 15]   [1112 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [309 journals]
  • Comparing flow experience in using digital libraries: Web and mobile
           context
    • Authors: Xianjin Zha et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose Flow experience is conceptualized as an optimal experience about an activity, characterized by a match between perceived challenges and perceived skills. The purpose of this study is to explore mobile libraries by comparing users’ perceptions of web digital libraries and mobile libraries in terms of flow experience so as to obtain insights regarding the healthy development of mobile libraries. Design/methodology/approach Data collected from university digital library users were used for analysis. One figure was used to present the exact nature of users’ perceptions of flow experience in terms of data distribution. The paired samples t-test was used to present the exact mean difference between flow experience in using web digital libraries and mobile libraries. Findings Fewer users can experience flow and more users can not experience flow in using mobile libraries than in using web digital libraries. The mean of flow experience in using mobile libraries is significantly smaller than that in using web digital libraries. Practical implications Digital libraries have faced severe competition in the modern information society. In China university libraries as a whole are undergoing the transition from web digital libraries to mobile libraries. It is critical to examine user experience in the initial or early stage of mobile library development. We believe the findings of this study regarding flow experience provide useful insights for facilitating the healthy development of mobile libraries. Originality/value This study explores and compares users’ perceptions of web digital libraries and mobile libraries in terms of flow experience, which we think provides a new view for university digital library research and practice alike.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:02:42 GMT
       
  • Assessing the Accuracy of Vendor-Supplied Accessibility Documentation
    • Authors: Laura DeLancey et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose In an effort to ensure vendor compliance with Section 508, some libraries have begun requesting Voluntary Product Accessibility Templates (VPATs) or other documentation of accessibility compliance. The purpose of this paper is to assess the accuracy of vendor-supplied compliance documentation, and to identify common accessibility issues highlighted by the VPATs. A detailed discussion of vendor responses to each Section 508 checkpoint is provided in the Appendix. Design/methodology/approach Researchers compared 17 VPATs with the results of an automated accessibility scan to identify inconsistencies and common problems. Findings Vendors reported being fully compliant with 64% of the applicable VPAT items, and partially compliant with a further 24%. However, in 16 of 17 cases, there were discrepancies between the information on the VPAT and the results of the scan. Of the total 189 VPAT checkpoints we scanned, 19.6% had errors (meaning the information on the VPAT was inaccurate 19.6% of the time). Research limitations/implications Several VPAT checkpoints could not be automatically verified by the scan. Instead they require manual/visual verification, which we did not do. Because we only scanned three pages of each resource, we were not able to check all content. Practical implications Vendor-supplied accessibility documentation should not be taken at face value, but requires verification and follow up to ensure its accuracy. This study also identified some of the most common accessibility issues, which will help both librarians and vendors improve their products and services. Originality/value Other studies have analyzed the accessibility of library resources and specifically vendor databases, but none have assessed the accuracy of vendor-supplied Section 508 compliance documentation.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:02:40 GMT
       
  • Conceptualizing the Integration of Digital Humanities in Instructional
           Services: Possibilities to Enhance Digital Literacy in the 21st century
    • Authors: Raymond Pun et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize how digital humanities projects can be integrated into instructional services programs in libraries. The paper draws on three digital projects from the New York Public Library and explores how librarians can creatively utilize these resources to teach new digital literacy skills such as data analysis and data management. For patrons, they can learn about the content of these crowd-sourcing projects as well. By integrating digital humanities projects into library instruction, the possibilities and opportunities to expand and explore new research and teaching areas are timely and relevant. Design/methodology/approach The approach of this paper is to explore NYPL's three digital projects and underscore how they can be integrated into instructional services: “What’s on the Menu,” “Direct Me NYC,” and “Map Warper” all offer strengths and limitations but they serve as paradigms to explore how digital resources can serve multipurpose use: they are databases, digital repositories and digital libraries but they can also serve as instructional service tools. Findings The paper conceptualizes how three DH projects can serve as teaching opportunities for instructional services, particularly teaching digital literacy skills. By exploring the content of each digital project, the paper suggests that users can develop traditional information literacy skills but also digital literacy skills. In addition, as crowdsourcing projects, the Library also benefits from this engagement since users are adding transcriptions or rectified maps to the Library’s site. Patrons develop visual literacy skills as well. The paper addresses how librarians can meet the needs of the scholarly community through these new digital resources. While the paper only addresses the possibilities of these integrations, these ideas can be considered and implemented in any library. Practical implications The paper addresses positive outcomes with these digital resources to be used for library instructional services. Based on these projects, the paper recommends that DH projects can be integrated into such instructions to introduce new content and digital skills if appropriate. Although, there are limitations with these digital resources, it is possible to maximize their usage if they are used in a different and creative way. It is possible for DH projects to be more than just digital projects but to act as a tool of digital literacy instruction. Librarians must play a creative role to address this gap. However, another limitation is that librarians themselves are "new" to these resources and may find it challenging to understand the importance of DH projects in scholarly research. Originality/value This paper introduces digital humanities projects produced in a public research library and explores how librarians can use these digital projects to teach patrons on how to analyze data, maps, and other content to develop digital literacy skills. The paper conceptualizes the significant roles that these DH projects and librarians can play as critical mediators to introducing and fostering digital literacy in the 21st century. The paper can serve as an interest to academic and public libraries with large research collections and digital projects. By offering new innovative ideas of integrating digital humanities into instructional services, the paper addresses how DH projects teaching tools can support specific digital skills such as visual literacy and data analysis.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:02:28 GMT
       
  • The Role of Memory in Document Re-finding
    • Authors: Xiao Xie et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose This article explores graduate students’ behaviour and perspectives regarding personal digital document management, as well as insights into the connections between memory and document re-finding. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 graduate students studying information and library science. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed. The transcripts were analysed using open and axial coding. Findings Participants were overall positive about the importance of managing their digital documents but they had little knowledge about currently available personal information management (PIM) tools. Characteristics of digital documents frequently used by participants to re-find documents include name, subject, storage location, creation time, keyword, document title, document file type, user’s location and recency. For participants the act of organizing documents is itself a memory aid. Participants’ recommendations for PIM tools include support for information organisation and simplistic visualizations that can be customized, e.g., using colour to highlight folders or documents. Research limitations/implications The number of study participants was relatively small, and further studies should examine a more diverse participant sample, e.g., to investigate whether tasks influence re-finding. Further studies should also examine PIM with respect to other types of devices and services, including tablets and cloud services. Practical implications Our results include recommendations for future PIM tool design Originality/value This research identifies documents’ characteristics that participants use to re-find documents and the importance of these characteristics. It also examines the usage and expectations of PIM tools in everyday PIM.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:02:27 GMT
       
  • Leveraging Apps for Research and Learning: A Survey of Canadian Academic
           Libraries
    • Authors: Robin Canuel et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the response of Canadian academic libraries to the rapid proliferation of mobile apps, many of which are useful for research, teaching and learning. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted to identify existing initiatives that address the use of mobile apps to facilitate research, teaching and learning at the libraries of the 97 member institutions of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Based on this survey, this paper describes how apps are promoted, curated, organized and described by today’s academic libraries. A review of the literature places this survey in its broader context. Findings 37% of Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) member libraries include links to mobile apps in their website. Larger, research-intensive universities, tend to leverage apps more frequently than smaller institutions. Examples of how academic libraries are promoting apps provide insight into how academic librarians are responding to the proliferation of mobile technology. Practical implications The results of this survey highlight trends with regard to this emerging service opportunity, help to establish current best practices in the response of academic libraries to the emergence of mobile applications, and identify areas for potential future development. Originality/value This is the first study of its kind to explore and describe how third-party apps are used and promoted within an academic library context.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:01:39 GMT
       
  • Investigating factors affecting the acceptance of self-service technology
           in libraries - the moderating effect of gender
    • Authors: Chun-Hua Hsiao et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The self-service technology (SST) launched outside libraries has received great attention in Taiwan. This automatic book stop, FastBook, has raised some interesting issues regarding users’ behavior in the library context. This study has the following objectives: (1) to assess critical variables that contribute to users’ acceptance of SST in the library context; (2) to propose an integrated SST acceptance model in terms of technological and individual factors; and (3) to further examine the gender differences among all the theoretical relationships proposed in this research model. Design/methodology/approach Based on a sound theoretical foundation, we proposed a research model to investigate users’ intention to adopt FastBook, including both technological and individual factors. The survey methodology and structural equation modeling were used in this study. Findings The proposed model successfully accounted for about 92% of the total variance explained in attitude and 45% in behavioral intention. Individuals’ attitudes towards FastBook had a significant impact on their usage intention. All three technological characteristics (perceived ease of use, usefulness, and reachability) and one individual trait (self-efficacy) were confirmed as critical determinants of attitude. Note that the effect of self-efficacy on attitude was much stronger for male than for female users. Originality/value The self-service technology launched outside libraries has received great popularity and extended the library service to readers in Taiwan. This research connected actual users’ experience and the self-service technology literature to provide a conceptual understanding of FastBook adopting process.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:00:59 GMT
       
  • The Use of Digital Talking Books by People with Print Disabilities: A
           Literature Review
    • Authors: Anna Hampson Lundh et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyse empirical studies regarding the use of digital talking books (DAISY books) as well as the possibilities and limitations that users with print disabilities encounter when using these books. Upon fulfilment of this purpose, it is also possible to identify research needs in the area of talking books. Design/methodology/approach An analysis of 12 empirical studies concerning the use of DAISY books is conducted. The concept of affordances is employed in the analysis, which focuses on 1) users of talking books, 2) talking books as objects, and 3) the social settings in which talking books are used. Findings First, the reviewed literature indicates that the navigational features of the DAISY talking book appear to provide unprecedented affordances in terms of the users’ approaches to reading. However, the affordances of talking books depend, to some extent, on whether the users have visual impairments or dyslexia/reading and writing difficulties. Second, the reviewed literature illustrates that the affordances provided by talking books depend on the settings in which they are used, both in terms of specific social situations and wider socio-political contexts. Originality/value Although the need for assistive reading technologies, such as digital talking books, is large, research in this area is scarce, particularly from a user perspective. This article describes the results of those studies which have actually been conducted on this topic and highlights areas that require further study.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:00:58 GMT
       
  • Research and Discovery Functions in Mobile Academic Libraries: Are
           university libraries serving mobile researchers'
    • Authors: Catharine Bomhold et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose This paper describes the availability of discovery functions on mobile devices at academic research libraries in order to determine if research libraries are providing the mobile services that students believe that they need for academic success. Design/methodology/approach The researcher surveyed 53 academic library mobile apps and mobile websites at Carnegie rated RU/VH universities to determine the number and variety of discovery functions available. Findings All of the libraries had some level of research functions available, but there was a discrepancy between those that offered a full range of services and those that offered a minimal level. Research limitations/implications Due to the transitory nature of the electronic universe, the data offered represents the state of academic library research services in a single moment in time and is subject to change. Practical implications The research provides other libraries with a description of what comprises an adequate suite of essential services and a way to evaluate their own library’s offerings. Originality/value This is the first study to evaluate and quantify the level of services provided by libraries at Carnegie Foundation RU/VH institutions.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 01:00:42 GMT
       
  • European Union information in an acceding country: an investigation of
           information needs and seeking behavior
    • Authors: Sanjica Faletar Tanacković et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The paper presents the exploratory study whose aim was to investigate the information needs and information seeking behavior of post-secondary students related to the European Union in Croatia. Design/methodology/approach A total of 504 students enrolled in post-secondary education across country took part in this study. Data was collected through an online survey during a 60-day period preceding the Croatia's full membership in the EU. Findings The findings revealed the high need for information about the EU among the student population. The respondents required European information in a wide range of thematic areas and the majority of them did not feel well informed about the EU in general. Students responding required the European information both for personal reasons and for educational purposes. The majority of respondents required the EU information in order to better understand the EU in general and they faced a number of challenges when accessing it. Research limitations/implications Limitations inherent to the method used and the limited number of respondents. Future research should include a wider array of respondents (older citizens, professionals etc.) so as to obtain a broad a picture as possible of information needs and seeking behaviour related to EU. Practical implications The study offers valuable insight into the types of EU information needed by citizens (post-secondary students) in an acceding country. The survey results are expected to be of interest to European administration charged with the development of effective communication policies, national authorities in EU candidate and acceding countries, and information professionals in general. Originality/value This is the first study of EU information needs and seeking-behavior in an acceding country.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 00:59:56 GMT
       
  • The Design and Implementation of a Mobile Library APP System
    • Authors: Ying-Hung Pu et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose To increase usage rate of libraries in universities and colleges, this study developed a Mobile Library APP System and analyzed users’ usage and level of satisfaction. The analysis results served as the reference for the development and improvement of libraries in universities and colleges’ mobile information systems. Design/methodology/approach This study developed a Mobile Library APP System and probed into and evaluated college students’ usage and level of satisfaction with the system by using questionnaire. Individual interviews were carried out to find out their standpoints and opinions about their library usage via mobile technology. Findings The analysis of experiment results showed that students’ attitude towards the Mobile Library APP System was highly positive. This indicated the system certainly assisted them in increasing their work efficiency and their willingness in continuously using this APP system in library-relevant activities. Practical implications Students’ viewpoints indicated that, by using Mobile Library APP System, they could effectively searched for books, magazines, e-books and other e-resources in a timely manner. The time spent in information searching was shortened and individual work efficiency was promoted. Moreover, in interview sessions, students suggested to add categorized search, book recommendation, book discussion and other functions to increase user population and willingness of continuous usage. Originality/value To find out the actual usage of the Mobile Library, this study developed the Mobile Library APP System and invited students of National University of Tainan in Taiwan to be experimental subjects. The results of data analysis indicate that the system acquires highly favorable view from student. Thus, it can be inferred that research results of this study are representative and have practical values in real world practice.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 00:59:13 GMT
       
  • Ease of Use and Usefulness as Measures of Student Experience in a
           Multi-Platform E-Textbook Pilot
    • Authors: David James Johnston et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2015. Purpose The current study seeks contribute to our understanding of how students accept and use e-textbooks in higher education by assessing their experiences with e-textbooks from Flat World Knowledge and Nelson Education during a two year campus pilot. Design/methodology/approach Students enrolled in one of 11 classes involved in the library’s e-textbook pilot were recruited to complete an online survey including questions related to the perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of electronic textbooks, as well as their general habits with the textbook. This study uses the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a framework for analysis. Findings Students experienced a drop in enthusiasm for e-textbooks from the beginning to the end of the pilot. While research suggests that students prefer for print over electronic in some contexts, students rarely acted on that preference by seeking out available alternative print options. Student experience with the open/affordable textbook (FWK) was very comparable to that of the high cost commercial text (Nelson). Originality/value While previous research suggests that students have a general preference for textbooks in print rather than electronic, our study suggests that preference may not dictate the likelihood that students will use print options. Students appear to be willing and able to easily make use of the content and functions in their e-textbooks. Despite overall positive reviews for the e-textbooks, students experienced a drop in enthusiasm for e-textbooks from the beginning to the end of the pilot.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Feb 2015 00:59:11 GMT
       
  • List of reviewers
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, November 2014.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:07:49 GMT
       
  • Makers in the Library: Case Studies of 3D Printers and Maker Spaces in
           Library Settings
    • Authors: Heather Michele Moorefield-Lang et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of 3D printing and maker spaces in various library settings. Insights, challenges, successes, projects as well as recommendations will be shared. Commonalities across libraries 3D printing technologies and maker space learning areas will also explored. Design/methodology/approach This paper delves into six case studies of librarians that have implemented 3D printers and/or maker spaces in their libraries. The case studies focus on libraries at three different levels: school, public, and higher education with two case studies from each type. The author of this paper will describe the cases, projects, challenges, successes, along with other aspects of 3D printer and maker space integration. Findings 3D printing and maker spaces, while very popular in the field of librarianship can be incredibly exciting to implement but they come with challenges and successes just like any type of new technology. Librarians have to be fearless in implementing this technology, willing to learn on their feet, and be excited to explore. Originality/value At this time most publications on 3D printing are held in the realm of popular publications (blogs, magazines, zines, etc). Very little has been written on a wider range of case studies where 3D printers and maker spaces have been integrated into libraries of various types. This paper sets the foundation for further exploration in how 3D printing and maker spaces could be a part of library services.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:16 GMT
       
  • Open Access to Research Data in Electronic Theses and Dissertations: An
           Overview
    • Authors: Joachim Schopfel et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose Print theses and dissertations have regularly been submitted together with complementary material, such as maps, tables, speech samples, photos or videos, in various formats and on different supports. In the digital environment of open repositories and open data, these research results could become a rich source of research results and datasets, for reuse and other exploitation. Design/methodology/approach After introducing electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) into the context of eScience, the paper investigates some aspects that impact the availability and openness of datasets and other supplemental files related to ETD (system architecture, metadata and data retrieval, legal aspects). Findings These items are part of the so-called “small data” of eScience, with a wide range of contents and formats. Their heterogeneity and their link to ETD need specific approaches to data curation and management, with specific metadata and identifiers and with specific services, workflows and systems. One size may not fit for all but it seems appropriate to separate text and data files. Regarding copyright and licensing, datasets must be evaluated carefully but should not be processed and disseminated under the same conditions as the related PhD theses. Some examples are presented. Research limitations/implications The paper concludes with recommendations for further investigation and development to foster open access to research results produced along with PhD theses. Originality/value Electronic theses and dissertations are an important part of the content of open repositories. Yet, their potential as a gateway to underlying research results has not really been explored so far.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:15 GMT
       
  • Information cascades in online reading: An empirical investigation of
           panel data
    • Authors: Qihua Liu et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This paper aims to examine information cascades in the context of users’ e-book reading behavior and differentiate it from alternative factors that lead to herd behavior, such as network externalities and word-of-mouth effects. Design/methodology/approach This paper constructed panel data using information concerning 226 e-books in 30 consecutive days from Sina.com’s reading channel (Book.Sina.com.cn) from October 2, 2013, to October 31 of the same year in China. A multinomial logit market-share model was employed. Findings E-books’ ranking has a significant impact on their market share, as predicted by informational cascades theory. Higher ranking e-books’ clicks will see a greater increase as a result of an increase in clicks ranking. Due to the information cascades effect, review volume had no impact on the market share of popular e-books. Total votes had a powerful impact on the market share of e-books, showing that once information cascade occurred, it could be enhanced by the increase in total votes. The total clicks of e-books had a significant impact on their market share, suggesting that online reading behavior would be influenced by network externalities. Practical implications As important information, the ranking or popularity of e-books should be carefully considered by online reading websites, publishers, and authors. It is not enough for the authors and publishers of e-books to simply pay attention to the content. They should design their marketing strategies to allow network externalities and informational cascades to work for them, not against them. Online reading websites should also focus on eliminating certain behavior, such as “brush clicks” and “brush votes,” in order to prevent an undesirable information cascade due to false information. Originality/value To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine information cascades in the context of users’ e-book reading behavior. Moreover, this study can help other researchers by utilizing a large sample of daily data from one of the earliest online reading platforms in China.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:14 GMT
       
  • Search Engine Queries Used to Locate Electronic Theses and Dissertations:
           Differences for Local and Non-Local Users
    • Authors: Mildred Coates et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This study examines two research questions: (1) What search engine queries lead users to the Auburn University Electronic Theses and Dissertations (AUETDs) collection' (2) Do these queries vary for users in different locations and, if so, how' Design/methodology/approach Search engine queries used to locate the AUETDs collection were obtained from Google Analytics and were separated into groups based on user location. These queries were assigned to empirically-derived categories based on their content. Findings Most local users’ queries contained person names, variants for thesis or dissertation, and variants for Auburn University. Over a third were queries for the AUETDs collection, while the remainder were seeking theses and dissertations from specific Auburn researchers. Most out-of-state users’ queries contained title and subject keywords and appeared to be seeking specific research studies. Queries from users located within the state but outside of the local area were intermediate between these groups. Practical implications Over two-thirds of visits to the AUETDs collection were made by search engine users which reinforces the importance of having repository content indexed by search engines such as Google. The specificity of their queries indicates that full-text indexing will be more helpful to users than metadata indexing alone. Originality/value This is the first detailed analysis of search engine queries used to locate an ETDs collection. It may also be the last, as query content for the major search engines is no longer available from Google Analytics.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:14 GMT
       
  • Global Data Repository Status and Analysis: Based on Korea, China and
           Japan
    • Authors: Suntae Kim et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This study collected the global status data of digital repositories automatically and analyzed it by building a database. For analysis criteria the following were utilized: 1) CJK repository operational status, 2) language of the repository content, 3) repository type, 4) repository of CJK by subject area, 5) the amount of repository content and 6) repository software. Design/methodology/approach OpenDOAR and ROAR services were used as the sources to obtain the information on the digital repository. Those sources are representative services that provide the digital repository registration services and are used as sources in a variety of studies. A six kinds of data analysis criteria, 1) CJK repository operational status, 2) language of the repository content, 3) repository type, 4) repository of CJK by subject area, 5) the amount of repository content and 6) repository software were utilized. Findings 1) CJK is operating 288 repositories (8% compared to the world, 42.2% compared to Asia). 2) The repositories that provide Japanese, Chinese and Korean contents are 5.57%, 4.14% and 0.72%, respectively. 3) The repository operated by the government is inadequate in Asia 4) In Korea and Japan, the repositories in the field of humanities and social sciences appeared all in the top 10. 5) Korea provides 1,342,845 cases of contents (0.81% compared to the global)6) The 'DSpace’ software is most widely utilized as a repository system and it is the same in CJK. Originality/value This results of this study can be used to identify the repository status in Korea compared to global and to CJK, and can be utilized as a basis to determine the direction of the repository promotion and policy in Korea and also to administer the national R&D budget.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
       
  • Attitude of the Rudjer Bošković Institutes' scientists on the
           small screen mobile devices library services - a user survey
    • Authors: Ivana Pažur et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this survey was to get an insight in users' opinion on library resources/services on small screen mobile devices. Objectives were to establish which types of small screen mobile devices are used and to find out is there a tendency for using academic and educational contents on such devices. Furthermore, aim was to identify whether our users need mobile friendly library web site and services at all. Also, what library resources/services and to what extent respondents consider as the important ones for mobile friendly customization. Finally the results would serve as an orientation in building mobile friendly library web site and services. We believed that our users were still unaware of the possibility of accessing library web sites and services through mobile devices in general; therefore, this survey also had a role of raising awareness and stimulating their interest. Design/methodology/approach The survey was focused on small screen mobile devices with screen size up to 7 inches (17.1 cm). Data collection was performed through a questionnaire containing 10 questions. The questionnaire was created by LimeSurvey tool, and for mobile optimized version SurveyMonkey.com service was used too. We received 295 questionnaires, out of which 285 were taken into account. Findings The survey found that the largest number of respondents own smartphone/tablet/phablet. The results show that small screen devices are, to some extent, used for educational, academic and informational purposes (reading of e-books and e-journals, education, data checking, internet searching and searching of handy information), but non-academic purposes still predominate (texting, reading e-mails, phone calls, taking pictures). Overall 64 % of the respondents has expressed need for small screen mobile devices customized library resources/services, but there are 30% of undecided respondents. Croatian Scientific Bibliography, e-journals database (EZB), online databases, contact information and lecture halls reservations, has been resources/services requested by respondents to be available in a mobile friendly mode. Originality/value The survey examines users’ opinion on a new library service before its implementation. Besides giving us a precise insight into the RBI library users’ interest and needs for mobile friendly customization of existing library resource/service, survey gives a unique insight into the correlation of age and gender of the respondents and their answers to the question about having a small screen mobile device and opinion about the customization of library resources and services. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first users' survey on this topic in Croatia.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
       
  • Google Scholar versions: do more versions of an article mean greater
           impact'
    • Authors: Scott P. Pitol et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The growing dominance of Google Scholar (GS) as a first-stop resource for scholars and researchers demands investigation of its influence on citation patterns, freedom of information, and scholarly communication. This study breaks new ground in understanding the various versions GS indexes, correlations between the number of GS versions and citation counts, and the value of institutional repositories (IRs) for increasing scholarly impact. Design/methodology/approach GS listings for 982 articles in several academic subjects from three universities were analyzed for (a) GS version types, including any institutional repository versions, (b) citation rates, and (c) availability of free full-text. Findings (a) Open Access articles were cited more than articles that were not available in free full-text. While journal publisher websites were indexed most often, only a small number of those articles were available as free full-text. (b) There is no correlation between the number of versions of an article and the number of times an article has been cited. (c) Viewing the “versions” of an article may be useful when publisher access is restricted, as over 70% of articles had at least one free full-text version available through an indexed GS version. Originality/value This paper investigates Google Scholar versions as an alternative source for a scholarly article. While other articles have looked at Google Scholar through various lenses, the authors believe this specific aspect of the topic has not been previously explored.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
       
  • Methods and resources to monitor Internet censorship
    • Authors: Ina Fourie et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of the importance for library and information services (LIS) to take the responsibility to find a manageable way to regularly monitor Internet censorship in their countries, and to suggest a framework for such monitoring and to encourage manageable on-going small scale research projects. Design/methodology/approach The paper follows on contract research for the IFLA Committee on Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) on country specific trends in Internet censorship. Based on an extensive literature survey (not fully reflected here) and data mining, a framework is suggested for regular monitoring of country specific negative and positive trends in Internet censorship. The framework addresses search strategies and information resources; setting up alerting services; noting resources for data mining; a detailed break-down and systematic monitoring of negative and positive trends; the need for reflection on implications, assessment of need(s) for concern (or not), and generation of suggestions for actions; sharing findings with the LIS community and wider society; and raising sensitivity for Internet censorship as well as advocacy and lobbying against Internet censorship. Apart from monitoring Internet censorship, the framework is intended to encourage manageable on-going small scale research. Findings A framework of Internet censorship monitoring can support the regular, systematic and comprehensive monitoring of known as well as emerging negative and positive trends in a country, and can promote timely expressions of concerns and appropriate actions by LIS. It can support sensitivity to the dangers of Internet censorship and raise LIS’ levels of self-efficacy in dealing with Internet censorship and doing manageable, small scale research in this regard. Originality/value Although a number of publications have appeared on Internet censorship these do not offer a framework for monitoring Internet censorship and encouraging manageable on-going small scale research in this regard.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
       
  • Cloud Computing: Information Professionals' and Educational Technology
           Experts' Perspectives
    • Authors: Noa Aharony et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose • The present research seeks to explore the extent to which the TAM, and personal characteristics such as threat and challenge, self-efficacy and openness to experience, explain information professionals' and educational technology experts' perspectives about cloud computing. In addition, the study will investigate any differences between these two tech-savvy groups concerning cloud computing adoption. Design/methodology/approach The research was conducted in Israel during the second semester of the 2013 academic year. Researchers used seven questionnaires to gather the data. Findings The current study found that the behavioral intention to use cloud computing was impacted by perceived ease of use and personal innovativeness. Further, the study demonstrated that respondents' intentions to use cloud computing are affected by personal characteristics such as threat and challenge, self-efficacy, and openness to experience. In addition, it seems that each group has a different perspective about technology. Originality/value Findings reveal that newest technologies are not the main focus of information professionals. Therefore, if information organizations directors would like their employees to enhance their use of technological innovations, they should expose them to the latest technologies, emphasizing their usefulness, ease of use, and benefits.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
       
  • Multi-Entity Models of Resource Description in the Semantic Web: A
           comparison of FRBR, RDA, and BIBFRAME
    • Authors: Thomas Baker et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The 1998 IFLA document "Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records" (FRBR) has inspired a family of models that view bibliographic resources in terms of multiple entities differentiated with regard to meaning, expression, and physicality. This paper compares how three FRBR and FRBR-like models have been expressed as Semantic Web vocabularies based on Resource Description Framework (RDF). The paper focuses on IFLA's own vocabulary for FRBR; RDF vocabularies for Resource Description and Access (RDA), an emergent FRBR-based standard for library cataloging; and BIBFRAME, an emergent FRBR-like, native-RDF standard for bibliographic data. Design/methodology/approach Simple test records using the RDF vocabularies were analyzed using software that supports inferencing. Findings In some cases, what the data actually means appears to differ from what the vocabulary developers presumably intended to mean. Data based on the FRBR vocabulary appears particularly difficult to integrate with data based on different models. Practical implications Some of the RDF vocabularies reviewed in the paper could usefully be simplified, enabling libraries to integrate their data more easily into the wider information ecosystem on the Web. Requirements for data consistency and quality control could be met by emergent standards of the World Wide Web Consortium for validating RDF data according to integrity constraints. Originality/value There are few such comparisons of the RDF expressions of these models, which are widely assumed to represent the future of library cataloging.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
       
 
 
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