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Journal Cover Library Hi Tech     [SJR: 0.996]   [H-I: 15]
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]
  • List of reviewers
    • Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, November 2014.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:07:49 GMT
  • Makers in the Library: Case Studies of 3D Printers and Maker Spaces in
           Library Settings
    • Authors: Heather Michele Moorefield-Lang et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of 3D printing and maker spaces in various library settings. Insights, challenges, successes, projects as well as recommendations will be shared. Commonalities across libraries 3D printing technologies and maker space learning areas will also explored. Design/methodology/approach This paper delves into six case studies of librarians that have implemented 3D printers and/or maker spaces in their libraries. The case studies focus on libraries at three different levels: school, public, and higher education with two case studies from each type. The author of this paper will describe the cases, projects, challenges, successes, along with other aspects of 3D printer and maker space integration. Findings 3D printing and maker spaces, while very popular in the field of librarianship can be incredibly exciting to implement but they come with challenges and successes just like any type of new technology. Librarians have to be fearless in implementing this technology, willing to learn on their feet, and be excited to explore. Originality/value At this time most publications on 3D printing are held in the realm of popular publications (blogs, magazines, zines, etc). Very little has been written on a wider range of case studies where 3D printers and maker spaces have been integrated into libraries of various types. This paper sets the foundation for further exploration in how 3D printing and maker spaces could be a part of library services.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:16 GMT
  • Open Access to Research Data in Electronic Theses and Dissertations: An
    • Authors: Joachim Schopfel et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose Print theses and dissertations have regularly been submitted together with complementary material, such as maps, tables, speech samples, photos or videos, in various formats and on different supports. In the digital environment of open repositories and open data, these research results could become a rich source of research results and datasets, for reuse and other exploitation. Design/methodology/approach After introducing electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) into the context of eScience, the paper investigates some aspects that impact the availability and openness of datasets and other supplemental files related to ETD (system architecture, metadata and data retrieval, legal aspects). Findings These items are part of the so-called “small data” of eScience, with a wide range of contents and formats. Their heterogeneity and their link to ETD need specific approaches to data curation and management, with specific metadata and identifiers and with specific services, workflows and systems. One size may not fit for all but it seems appropriate to separate text and data files. Regarding copyright and licensing, datasets must be evaluated carefully but should not be processed and disseminated under the same conditions as the related PhD theses. Some examples are presented. Research limitations/implications The paper concludes with recommendations for further investigation and development to foster open access to research results produced along with PhD theses. Originality/value Electronic theses and dissertations are an important part of the content of open repositories. Yet, their potential as a gateway to underlying research results has not really been explored so far.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:15 GMT
  • Information cascades in online reading: An empirical investigation of
           panel data
    • Authors: Qihua Liu et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This paper aims to examine information cascades in the context of users’ e-book reading behavior and differentiate it from alternative factors that lead to herd behavior, such as network externalities and word-of-mouth effects. Design/methodology/approach This paper constructed panel data using information concerning 226 e-books in 30 consecutive days from’s reading channel ( from October 2, 2013, to October 31 of the same year in China. A multinomial logit market-share model was employed. Findings E-books’ ranking has a significant impact on their market share, as predicted by informational cascades theory. Higher ranking e-books’ clicks will see a greater increase as a result of an increase in clicks ranking. Due to the information cascades effect, review volume had no impact on the market share of popular e-books. Total votes had a powerful impact on the market share of e-books, showing that once information cascade occurred, it could be enhanced by the increase in total votes. The total clicks of e-books had a significant impact on their market share, suggesting that online reading behavior would be influenced by network externalities. Practical implications As important information, the ranking or popularity of e-books should be carefully considered by online reading websites, publishers, and authors. It is not enough for the authors and publishers of e-books to simply pay attention to the content. They should design their marketing strategies to allow network externalities and informational cascades to work for them, not against them. Online reading websites should also focus on eliminating certain behavior, such as “brush clicks” and “brush votes,” in order to prevent an undesirable information cascade due to false information. Originality/value To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine information cascades in the context of users’ e-book reading behavior. Moreover, this study can help other researchers by utilizing a large sample of daily data from one of the earliest online reading platforms in China.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:14 GMT
  • Search Engine Queries Used to Locate Electronic Theses and Dissertations:
           Differences for Local and Non-Local Users
    • Authors: Mildred Coates et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This study examines two research questions: (1) What search engine queries lead users to the Auburn University Electronic Theses and Dissertations (AUETDs) collection' (2) Do these queries vary for users in different locations and, if so, how' Design/methodology/approach Search engine queries used to locate the AUETDs collection were obtained from Google Analytics and were separated into groups based on user location. These queries were assigned to empirically-derived categories based on their content. Findings Most local users’ queries contained person names, variants for thesis or dissertation, and variants for Auburn University. Over a third were queries for the AUETDs collection, while the remainder were seeking theses and dissertations from specific Auburn researchers. Most out-of-state users’ queries contained title and subject keywords and appeared to be seeking specific research studies. Queries from users located within the state but outside of the local area were intermediate between these groups. Practical implications Over two-thirds of visits to the AUETDs collection were made by search engine users which reinforces the importance of having repository content indexed by search engines such as Google. The specificity of their queries indicates that full-text indexing will be more helpful to users than metadata indexing alone. Originality/value This is the first detailed analysis of search engine queries used to locate an ETDs collection. It may also be the last, as query content for the major search engines is no longer available from Google Analytics.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:14 GMT
  • Global Data Repository Status and Analysis: Based on Korea, China and
    • Authors: Suntae Kim et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose This study collected the global status data of digital repositories automatically and analyzed it by building a database. For analysis criteria the following were utilized: 1) CJK repository operational status, 2) language of the repository content, 3) repository type, 4) repository of CJK by subject area, 5) the amount of repository content and 6) repository software. Design/methodology/approach OpenDOAR and ROAR services were used as the sources to obtain the information on the digital repository. Those sources are representative services that provide the digital repository registration services and are used as sources in a variety of studies. A six kinds of data analysis criteria, 1) CJK repository operational status, 2) language of the repository content, 3) repository type, 4) repository of CJK by subject area, 5) the amount of repository content and 6) repository software were utilized. Findings 1) CJK is operating 288 repositories (8% compared to the world, 42.2% compared to Asia). 2) The repositories that provide Japanese, Chinese and Korean contents are 5.57%, 4.14% and 0.72%, respectively. 3) The repository operated by the government is inadequate in Asia 4) In Korea and Japan, the repositories in the field of humanities and social sciences appeared all in the top 10. 5) Korea provides 1,342,845 cases of contents (0.81% compared to the global)6) The 'DSpace’ software is most widely utilized as a repository system and it is the same in CJK. Originality/value This results of this study can be used to identify the repository status in Korea compared to global and to CJK, and can be utilized as a basis to determine the direction of the repository promotion and policy in Korea and also to administer the national R&D budget.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
  • Attitude of the Rudjer Bošković Institutes' scientists on the
           small screen mobile devices library services - a user survey
    • Authors: Ivana Pažur et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this survey was to get an insight in users' opinion on library resources/services on small screen mobile devices. Objectives were to establish which types of small screen mobile devices are used and to find out is there a tendency for using academic and educational contents on such devices. Furthermore, aim was to identify whether our users need mobile friendly library web site and services at all. Also, what library resources/services and to what extent respondents consider as the important ones for mobile friendly customization. Finally the results would serve as an orientation in building mobile friendly library web site and services. We believed that our users were still unaware of the possibility of accessing library web sites and services through mobile devices in general; therefore, this survey also had a role of raising awareness and stimulating their interest. Design/methodology/approach The survey was focused on small screen mobile devices with screen size up to 7 inches (17.1 cm). Data collection was performed through a questionnaire containing 10 questions. The questionnaire was created by LimeSurvey tool, and for mobile optimized version service was used too. We received 295 questionnaires, out of which 285 were taken into account. Findings The survey found that the largest number of respondents own smartphone/tablet/phablet. The results show that small screen devices are, to some extent, used for educational, academic and informational purposes (reading of e-books and e-journals, education, data checking, internet searching and searching of handy information), but non-academic purposes still predominate (texting, reading e-mails, phone calls, taking pictures). Overall 64 % of the respondents has expressed need for small screen mobile devices customized library resources/services, but there are 30% of undecided respondents. Croatian Scientific Bibliography, e-journals database (EZB), online databases, contact information and lecture halls reservations, has been resources/services requested by respondents to be available in a mobile friendly mode. Originality/value The survey examines users’ opinion on a new library service before its implementation. Besides giving us a precise insight into the RBI library users’ interest and needs for mobile friendly customization of existing library resource/service, survey gives a unique insight into the correlation of age and gender of the respondents and their answers to the question about having a small screen mobile device and opinion about the customization of library resources and services. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first users' survey on this topic in Croatia.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
  • Google Scholar versions: do more versions of an article mean greater
    • Authors: Scott P. Pitol et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The growing dominance of Google Scholar (GS) as a first-stop resource for scholars and researchers demands investigation of its influence on citation patterns, freedom of information, and scholarly communication. This study breaks new ground in understanding the various versions GS indexes, correlations between the number of GS versions and citation counts, and the value of institutional repositories (IRs) for increasing scholarly impact. Design/methodology/approach GS listings for 982 articles in several academic subjects from three universities were analyzed for (a) GS version types, including any institutional repository versions, (b) citation rates, and (c) availability of free full-text. Findings (a) Open Access articles were cited more than articles that were not available in free full-text. While journal publisher websites were indexed most often, only a small number of those articles were available as free full-text. (b) There is no correlation between the number of versions of an article and the number of times an article has been cited. (c) Viewing the “versions” of an article may be useful when publisher access is restricted, as over 70% of articles had at least one free full-text version available through an indexed GS version. Originality/value This paper investigates Google Scholar versions as an alternative source for a scholarly article. While other articles have looked at Google Scholar through various lenses, the authors believe this specific aspect of the topic has not been previously explored.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:13 GMT
  • Methods and resources to monitor Internet censorship
    • Authors: Ina Fourie et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of the importance for library and information services (LIS) to take the responsibility to find a manageable way to regularly monitor Internet censorship in their countries, and to suggest a framework for such monitoring and to encourage manageable on-going small scale research projects. Design/methodology/approach The paper follows on contract research for the IFLA Committee on Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) on country specific trends in Internet censorship. Based on an extensive literature survey (not fully reflected here) and data mining, a framework is suggested for regular monitoring of country specific negative and positive trends in Internet censorship. The framework addresses search strategies and information resources; setting up alerting services; noting resources for data mining; a detailed break-down and systematic monitoring of negative and positive trends; the need for reflection on implications, assessment of need(s) for concern (or not), and generation of suggestions for actions; sharing findings with the LIS community and wider society; and raising sensitivity for Internet censorship as well as advocacy and lobbying against Internet censorship. Apart from monitoring Internet censorship, the framework is intended to encourage manageable on-going small scale research. Findings A framework of Internet censorship monitoring can support the regular, systematic and comprehensive monitoring of known as well as emerging negative and positive trends in a country, and can promote timely expressions of concerns and appropriate actions by LIS. It can support sensitivity to the dangers of Internet censorship and raise LIS’ levels of self-efficacy in dealing with Internet censorship and doing manageable, small scale research in this regard. Originality/value Although a number of publications have appeared on Internet censorship these do not offer a framework for monitoring Internet censorship and encouraging manageable on-going small scale research in this regard.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
  • Cloud Computing: Information Professionals' and Educational Technology
           Experts' Perspectives
    • Authors: Noa Aharony et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose • The present research seeks to explore the extent to which the TAM, and personal characteristics such as threat and challenge, self-efficacy and openness to experience, explain information professionals' and educational technology experts' perspectives about cloud computing. In addition, the study will investigate any differences between these two tech-savvy groups concerning cloud computing adoption. Design/methodology/approach The research was conducted in Israel during the second semester of the 2013 academic year. Researchers used seven questionnaires to gather the data. Findings The current study found that the behavioral intention to use cloud computing was impacted by perceived ease of use and personal innovativeness. Further, the study demonstrated that respondents' intentions to use cloud computing are affected by personal characteristics such as threat and challenge, self-efficacy, and openness to experience. In addition, it seems that each group has a different perspective about technology. Originality/value Findings reveal that newest technologies are not the main focus of information professionals. Therefore, if information organizations directors would like their employees to enhance their use of technological innovations, they should expose them to the latest technologies, emphasizing their usefulness, ease of use, and benefits.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
  • Multi-Entity Models of Resource Description in the Semantic Web: A
           comparison of FRBR, RDA, and BIBFRAME
    • Authors: Thomas Baker et al
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 32, Issue 4, October 2014. Purpose The 1998 IFLA document "Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records" (FRBR) has inspired a family of models that view bibliographic resources in terms of multiple entities differentiated with regard to meaning, expression, and physicality. This paper compares how three FRBR and FRBR-like models have been expressed as Semantic Web vocabularies based on Resource Description Framework (RDF). The paper focuses on IFLA's own vocabulary for FRBR; RDF vocabularies for Resource Description and Access (RDA), an emergent FRBR-based standard for library cataloging; and BIBFRAME, an emergent FRBR-like, native-RDF standard for bibliographic data. Design/methodology/approach Simple test records using the RDF vocabularies were analyzed using software that supports inferencing. Findings In some cases, what the data actually means appears to differ from what the vocabulary developers presumably intended to mean. Data based on the FRBR vocabulary appears particularly difficult to integrate with data based on different models. Practical implications Some of the RDF vocabularies reviewed in the paper could usefully be simplified, enabling libraries to integrate their data more easily into the wider information ecosystem on the Web. Requirements for data consistency and quality control could be met by emergent standards of the World Wide Web Consortium for validating RDF data according to integrity constraints. Originality/value There are few such comparisons of the RDF expressions of these models, which are widely assumed to represent the future of library cataloging.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Oct 2014 23:15:12 GMT
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