for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Journals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover Library Hi Tech
  [SJR: 0.884]   [H-I: 26]   [1009 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0737-8831
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Role of libraries in developing an informed and educated nation
    • First page: 422
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose Libraries of all types have often been called on to take on challenges ranging from information literacy and developing a reading culture to promoting social justice. In recent literature they have been challenged to contribute to the development of informed and educated nations – a big issue in developing countries. This paper raises awareness for this call as important for developing as well as developed nations (sliding back on their prosperity) and the numerous issues to bear in mind in this regard. Design/methodology/approach This contribution builds on the literature of library and information science, education and politics to present an exploratory viewpoint Findings Many obvious approaches to achieve the object of an informed and educated nation can be noted such as focusing on information literacy, digital literacy and information fluency. However more awareness is required of the need to take a holistic view of issues to focus on such as tolerance and ethics, and the information behaviour and information practices of people in various contexts Originality/value There are limited publications on the topic in the library and information science literature although “developing an informed and educated nation” features in the mission and vision plans of some countries. This contribution offers an exploratory viewpoint to raise awareness to consider various angles to the topic and to not think only in terms of education and information literacy, but to realise the full role libraries can play
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0009
  • Alternate reality games (ARG) as innovative digital information sources
    • First page: 433
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The article presents the gathering, integration and analysis of digital information sources for the creation of a conceptual framework for ARGs. ARGs hold potential for libraries, education, healthcare and many other sectors. Design/methodology/approach Case studies were performed on three previously played ARGs to create case reports. The various digital information sources for each game, sourced from multiple media, are compiled into a chronologically ordered game narrative which formed the case reports. The focus of the article is on the analysis of the case reports using constant comparative analysis to identify categories and subcategories. Relationships are established, based on each game, between the categories and sub categories to inform the creation of game diagrams. The game diagrams are then combined to create a conceptual framework that describes the functioning and components of an ARG. Findings The conceptual framework effectively described the types of information found within an ARG as well as how these different categories of information interact and link to one another. The framework also provides an abstract description of the components of ARGs, namely narrative, game actions and community. Originality/value The conceptual framework produced by the analysis enables an understanding of ARGs and how they are played and designed. Insight into how to analyse ARGs based on the information generated for the play of the game by both the players and the game designers is gained. Where other studies have provided insight into the phenomena of ARGs, this study focuses on constructing a conceptual framework of ARGs using the information generated by the game.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0018
  • Provision of the European Union information in an acceding country: a
           survey of the role of public libraries in Croatia
    • First page: 454
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper presents an exploratory study whose aim was to investigate the role of public libraries in the provision of European Union (EU) information in an EU acceding country (Croatia). Design/methodology/approach Study was conducted via online questionnaire in public libraries across country. Findings The findings revealed that majority of respondents (83,7%) think it is an important task of public libraries to provide citizens with materials about the EU, and that almost all responding libraries (98%) have EU materials. In general, respondents think that provision of EU materials in their library does not compromise its role of politically neutral institution. The results also indicate that libraries quite rarely (10%) maintain links to online sources on their websites. EU collections in responding libraries are promoted actively most frequently in the library itself and on its web site, and very rarely in the local media. Practical implications Findings are expected to be of interest to European administration in charge of the development of effective communication policies, national authorities in EU candidate and acceding countries, and information professionals in general. Originality/value This is the first study to investigate the role of public libraries in EU information provision in an EU acceding country.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0020
  • Academic technology confidence levels vs. ability in first-year
           traditional and non-traditional undergraduates
    • First page: 468
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This qualitative case study examined the technology confidence, skills, and post-skills-test emotions in traditional (younger than 24 years old) and non-traditional (24 and older) first-year college students at three undergraduate campuses in the Northeastern United States. Design/methodology/approach 39 college freshmen from three college campuses were recruited for the study. An online test environment and screen recording software were used to measure student proficiency in using PDFs, Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel, Gmail, and Windows. Data were collected in September 2013 Findings The majority of the students struggled with at least one facet of academic software. Traditional students were more confident than non-traditional students in their technology skills, but they did not score any higher on the skills test. Students who placed at the high end and low end of the test results curve most accurately assessed their technology skills, and their post-test feelings were the most appropriate in light of their test results. A large percentage of the traditional-aged students were overconfident about their skills and self-identified as “happy” or “wonderful” even after performing poorly on the test. Originality/value Having concrete data about student technology skills, rather than anecdotal data from Reference Desk interactions, can help librarians design improved instruction and tutorials that target areas of student technology weakness. In addition, there have been no studies that examine student immediate emotional response to test performance in this type of testing environment.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-03-2016-0032
  • The influence of smartphones on academic performance: the development of
           the technology-to-performance chain model
    • First page: 480
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The study aims at investigating the factors that influence college students’ smartphone use for academic purposes by identifying the task-technology fit (TTF) of smartphones. A research model is proposed to explain how TTF of smartphones affects college students’ perceived academic performance and smartphone use. Design/methodology/approach Online surveys were administered to college students at a South Korean university that has offered online academic services for more than five years, and 1,923 valid responses were analyzed. The study used Partial Least Squares Path Modeling to evaluate the measurement model, and the bootstrapping technique to test the significance of the hypotheses. Findings The findings highlight that the TTF of smartphones has a direct influence on students’ perceptions of performance impact and an indirect influence on smartphone use through a precursor of utilization, such as attitude towards smartphone use, social norms and facilitating conditions. Research limitations/implications Despite a reasonably large sample, a single cross-sectional survey has a likelihood of selection bias in the sample. Practical implications This study applies the TTF model to smartphone use among college students and suggests an effective way to motivate them to use mobile technologies for their academic activities. Originality/value The present study develops an empirical model to assess the adoption of smartphones and its effect on college students’ academic performance. Above all, the study identifies a causal relationship among TTF, precursor of utilization, smartphone use and a perceived impact on academic performance based on the development and validation of the TTF constructs of smartphones.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0038
  • Web robot detection in scholarly open access institutional repositories
    • First page: 500
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper investigates the impact and techniques for mitigating the effects of web robots on usage statistics collected by Open Access institutional repositories (IRs). Design/methodology/approach A close review of the literature provides a comprehensive list of web robot detection techniques. Reviews of system documentation and open source code are carried out along with personal interviews to provide a comparison of the robot detection techniques used in the major IR platforms. An empirical test based on a simple random sample of downloads with 96.20% certainty is undertaken to measure the accuracy of an IR’s web robot detection at a large Irish University. Findings While web robot detection is not ignored in IRs, there are areas where the two main systems could be improved. The technique tested here is found to have successfully detected 94.18% of web robots visiting the site over a two-year period (recall), with a precision of 98.92%. Due to the high level of robot activity in repositories, correctly labelling more robots has an exponential effect on the accuracy of usage statistics. Research limitations/implications This study is performed on one repository using a single system. Future studies across multiple sites and platforms are needed to determine the accuracy of web robot detection in OA repositories generally. Originality/value This is the only study to date to have investigated web robot detection in IRs. It puts forward the first empirical benchmarking of accuracy in IR usage statistics.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-04-2016-0048
  • Underutilisation of self-service libraries in Chinese cities: the absence
           of a patron-centric perspective
    • First page: 521
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose Self-service libraries (SSLs) have been regarded as an effective approach to provide convenient book services to the enormously large populations of China’s cities. These SSLs are in fact automatic book service machines, which provide a combination of services, including reading card issuing, book lending and returning, and book reservations and collection. However, despite acclaimed success, SSL services are not well received by patrons and are underutilised. This research study aims to identify and understand the causes of the underutilisation of SSL services in Chinese cities. Design/methodology/approach This study adopted an inductive approach and a case study research design. The SSL services in Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei Province, were adopted as the case study, in which 20 public librarians, SSL workers and managers, and library patrons were approached and interviewed using semi-structured question scripts. The interview data were analysed using a thematic analysis approach. Findings The analysis pointed to 13 causes in three main themes: management problems, service limitations, and the implicit role of government. Further conceptualisation of the findings revealed that the underutilisation of SSL services has resulted from the absence of a patron-centric perspective and the negligence of patrons’ needs and requirements. Therefore, to increase the popularity and usage of SSLs, it is necessary to develop patron-centric management mechanisms through which patrons’ needs and requirements can be effectively understood and responded to. Originality/value This study aims to develop specific suggestions to improve the usage of SSLs. Furthermore, although this study focuses on SSL development in China, this research can provide useful suggestions and implications that can be shared across international borders.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-05-2016-0054
  • Investigation and analysis of informetrics curriculum education in China
    • First page: 539
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to generalize the teaching characteristics of some typical colleges in China which offer Informetrics courses, and to propose useful suggestions for the course construction of Informetrics through empirical investigation. Design/methodology/approach The statuses of Informetrics curriculum education of the top ten universities in Library and Information Science and Archives Management in Chinese mainland as well as Fu Jen Catholic University in Taiwan have been investigated and analyzed through a network survey and a telephone survey. Wuhan University and Fu Jen Catholic University are considered as the typical examples. Findings The educational development of Informetrics in China has gone through three stages: the initial stage, the developing stage and the improving stage. Based on the empirical investigation and analysis, some meaningful conclusions are drawn concerning the education system, teaching objectives, teaching contents and teaching methods of Informetrics courses. Originality/value This paper provides curricular information about Informetrics courses in China.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:26:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-08-2015-0080
  • How curiosity and uncertainty shape children’s information seeking
    • First page: 549
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper explores whether children adopt a survey or a route approach when seeking information in a virtual world, and whether their approach differs depending on whether they are experiencing positive or negative motivation. Different models were used based on disparate spatial recognition and conceptual abilities. Design/methodology/approach 127 children operated a 3D virtual world interface then they filled out a questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was employed to analyze weighted relationships among latent variables. Motivation (positive vs. negative), information-seeking model (heuristic survey or detailed route) and the spatial markers and complexity of patterns of the virtual world were examined. Findings We discovered that a highly motivated child tends to take a central route in the process of information seeking, whereas a child experiencing negative emotions and uncertainty prefers a survey approach using spatial markers to obtain information. In short, the type of motivation influences whether children adopt a heuristic or detailed perspective when searching for information on virtual interfaces. Originality/value It is believed that users combine perceptual activities (low-level cognition) with conceptual activities (high-level cognition) in order to save energy. Yet this study is the first to investigate the conditions under which children are prone to utilize spatial markers (based on visual working memory) or the sequencing of patterns (based on verbal working memory) to find information in a heuristic or detailed fashion. This study provides a fresh perspective regarding perceptual and conceptual integration for information visualization technology.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-08-17T11:25:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-11-2015-0110
  • Towards an understanding of data work in context: emerging issues of
           economy, governance, and ethics
    • First page: 182
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose It is a commonplace that innovation in the digital economy is now driven by data. Business organizations, media companies, and government for example all create economic and societal value from the digital traces left by the user population. At the same time the data captured also contains information that personally identifies consumers, citizens and patients as individuals. The purpose of this paper is to place this new form of data work in the context of previous approaches to information work; to identify the differences between information and data work and the resulting challenges for data professionals. Design/methodology/approach Informed by a review of previous approaches to information work, the article argues that the shift in value from information to data as an economic asset and a societal good entails a new form of human-oriented data work. One that is more sensitive to the contextual conditions and consequences of the capture, processing and use of data than has been the case hitherto. The implications of this for a shift in emphasis from the data scientist to the data professional is addressed, as are emerging issues of governance and ethics. Findings The main consequence for data professionals is to ensure that processes are in place not only to enable the creation of valued products and services from data, but also to mitigate the risks related to their development. The paper argues that ensuring this involves taking a contextual view that locates data processing within the user, governance, legal, and ethical conditions related to data work. The consequences for the governance of data, and the education of data professionals are addressed Originality/value The value of the paper rests in its development of an analytical and methodologically driven framework, that places new forms of data work in the context of their conditions and consequences. The framework builds on prior approaches to information work, current approaches to data work, and addresses the governance, and educational challenges arising from organisations' emphasis on data-driven innovation in a digital economy.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2015-0121
  • Search engine optimization: a case study using the bibliographies of LG
           Science Land in Korea
    • First page: 197
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This study examines the effect of, and identifies core techniques of, search engine optimization (SEO) techniques applied to the Web ( and mobile (http// Science Land content and services at LG Sangnam Library in Korea. Design/methodology/approach In accordance with three major SEO guidelines, ten search engine optimization techniques were identified and applied, and their implications were extracted on three areas: improved search engine accessibility, increased relevance between site content and search engine keywords, and improved site credibility. The effects were quantitatively analyzed in terms of registered search engine keywords and influx of visits via search engines. Findings This study shows that SEO techniques help increase the exposure of the library services and the number of visitors through search engines. Practical implications SEO techniques have been applied to a few non-Korean information service organizations, but it is not a well-accepted practice in Korean libraries. And the dominant search engines in Korea have published their own SEO guidelines. Prior to this study, no significant endeavors have been undertaken in the context of Korean library services that have adopted SEO techniques to boost exposure of library services and increase user traffics. Originality/value This is the first published study that has applied optimized SEO techniques to Korean Web and mobile library services, in order to demonstrate the usefulness of the techniques for maximized exposure of library content.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0014
  • Implementation and evaluation of mobile e-books in a cloud bookcase using
           the information system success model
    • First page: 207
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose To continue to develop and improve cloud e-bookcases, this study implements a cloud e-bookcase and modifies the Information Systems Success Model (IS Success Model) to make it capable of assessing this system. It also provides suggestions for future systems development. Design/methodology/approach This study implements a cloud bookcase and uses the IS success model to evaluate user intention and satisfaction with the system. It also develops a success model for the cloud bookcase. Findings The results of study indicate that user satisfaction and intention with regard to using the system are positively related to net benefits. In other words, increasing user satisfaction and intention with regard to using the system will have a positive effect on the benefits users receive from doing so. Practical implications Users think the functions and services of the cloud bookcase can indeed help them search for and organize information about electronic books. However, they are not satisfied with the information quality. Therefore, further work is needed to identify any important factors that this study did not investigate. This study suggests that the quality of a system’s functions and guide service have to be upgraded in order to increase user satisfaction with and intention to use the system. Originality/value This study implements a cloud bookcase and uses the IS success model for verification. An overall explanatory power of 77.9% is achieved with this approach. User satisfaction with and intention to use the system are independent from each other, and the results caused by various factors can be separately identified. The findings of this study have considerable practical value.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-12-2015-0113
  • Use of smartphones by art and design students for accessing library
           services and learning
    • First page: 224
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This paper is to explore art and design students’ use of smartphones for accessing library services and learning at the Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI). Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire survey involving 51 HKDI students was conducted to examine the students’ utilization of apps and the Internet on mobile devices to find information for the purpose of academic learning, social networking, and collaborative learning. Findings Survey results showed that while the HKDI students were all smartphone owners and active users of such mobile communication devices, only a minority of them “frequently” use these mobile devices for formal learning purposes. They demonstrated a keen preference to use search engines, social communications, and other diverse use of smartphones. Except for research and image/audio-visual needs, the rest of their needs and usage behaviour is similar to mainstream university students. Practical implications The results suggests opportunities for the libraries to develop services and facilities that could better fulfil students’ information needs, and to improve the network coverage outside the library. Originality/value This is probably the first study of its kind to explore art and design students’ use of smartphones for learning needs. In particular, the recent capability of smartphones and mobile Internet speed are comparable with desktops, it is vital to re-examine the much changed environment and user needs.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0015
  • Cataloging the 3D web: the availability of educational 3D models on the
    • First page: 239
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The number of 3D models available on the internet to both students and educators is rapidly expanding. Not only are the 3D model collections of popular websites like growing, organizations such as the Smithsonian Institution and NASA have also recently begun to build collections of 3D models and make these openly accessible online. Yet, even with increased interest in 3D printing and 3D scanning technologies, little is known about the overall structure of the 3D models available on the internet. Design/methodology/approach To initiate this project, a list was built of 33 of the most widely used 3D model websites on the internet. Freely downloadable models, as well as models available for purchase or as 3D printed objects were included in the list. Once the list of 33 websites was created, the data for each individual 3D model in the collections was manually assembled and recorded. The titles of the 3D models, keywords, subject headings, license information, and number of views and downloads were recorded, as this information was available. The data were gathered between January and May 2015, and compiled into a CSV database. To determine how online 3D model content relates to a variety of educational disciplines, relevant subject terms for a variety of educational disciples were extracted from the EBSCO database system. With this list of subject terms in hand, the keywords in the CSV database of model information were searched for each of the subject terms, with an automated process using a Perl script. Findings There have been many teachers, professors, librarians and students who have purchased 3D printers with little or no 3D modelling skills. Without these skills the owners of these 3D printers are entirely reliant on the content created and freely shared by others to make use of their 3D printers. As the data collected for this research paper shows, the vast majority of open 3D model content available online pertains to the professions already well-versed in 3D modelling and CAD design, such as engineering and architecture. Originality/value Despite that fact that librarians, teachers and other educators are increasingly using technologies that rely on open 3D model content as educational tools, no research has yet been done to assess the number of 3D models available online and what educational disciplines this content relates to. This paper attempts to fill this gap, providing an overview of the size of this content, the educational disciplines this content relates to, and who has so far been responsible for developing this content. This information will be valuable to librarians and teachers currently working with technology such as 3D printers and virtual reality, as well as those considering investing in this technology.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-09-2015-0088
  • Extraction, analysis and publication of bibliographical references within
           an institutional repository
    • First page: 259
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The academic tradition of adding a reference section with references to cited and otherwise related academic material to an article provides a natural starting point for finding links to other publications. These links can then be published as Linked Data. Natural Language Processing technologies are available today that can perform the task of bibliographical reference extraction from text. Publishing references by the means of Semantic Web technologies is a prerequisite for a broader study and analysis of citations and thus can help to improve academic communication in a general sense. Design/methodology/approach This paper examines the overall workflow required to extract, analyse and semantically publish bibliographical references within an Institutional Repository with the help of Open Source software components. Findings A publication infrastructure where references are available for software agents would enable additional benefits like citation analysis, e.g. the collection of citations of a known paper and the investigation of citation sentiment. The publication of reference information as demonstrated in this article is possible with existing semantic web technologies based on established ontologies and open source software components. Research limitations/implications Only a limited number of metadata extraction programs have been considered for performance evaluation and reference extraction was tested for journal articles only, whereas Institutional Repositories usually do contain a large number of other material like monographs. Also, citation analysis is in an experimental state and citation sentiment is currently not published at all. For future work, the problem of distributing reference information between repositories is an important problem that needs to be tackled. Originality/value Publishing reference information as linked data is new within the academic publishing domain
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0003
  • Low-barrier-to-entry data tools: creating and sharing humanities data
    • First page: 268
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This case study determines whether TAMS Analyzer and Viewshare are viable free and open source software data sharing and creation tools for those with limited funding and technological skills. Design/methodology/approach The participant observer method was used to collect experiential evidence while applying the tools to a collection of text-, image-, and video-based digital cultural records. Findings TAMS Analyzer was found to be a low barrier to entry tool for those with coding and qualitative data analysis experience. Those with general experience will be able to create datasets with the support of manuals and tutorials, while those with limited experience may find it difficult to use. Viewshare was found to be a low barrier to entry tool for sharing data online, and accessible for all skill levels. Research limitations/implications TAMS Analyzer supports Mac and Linux platforms only, so a low-cost software recommendation was made for those in Windows environments. Practical implications Librarians can use these tools to address data access gaps while promoting library digital collections. Originality/value The research evaluates both the capabilities of the tools and the barriers to using or accessing them, which are often neglected. The article addresses a need in the literature for greater scrutiny of tools that are a critical component of the data ecology, and will further assist librarians when connecting scholars to tools of inquiry in an environment with limited funding and technical support.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-07-2015-0073
  • Information literacy instruction in Chinese universities: MOOCs versus the
           traditional approach
    • First page: 286
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This paper discusses a teaching project and a series of systematic efforts to promote an Information Literacy Instruction (ILI) module and transform it into a successful and well-established Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Specifically, this paper provides not only a detailed description and discussion on these transformation processes, but also a comparative analysis of two very different teaching approaches. Design/methodology/approach This paper focuses on the ILI module in Wuhan University with a top-ranked Library and Information School in China. As a result, this module has been treated as a case study to investigate the transformation processes from a traditional module to MOOCs. Specifically, two research processes are scrutinized in this study, namely, AHP analysis and data analysis on the ILI MOOCs. Findings It has become evident that ILI is widely considered to be extremely important, not only for university students, but also for a large number of post-college professionals in various industries. Moreover, by using innovation and interactive online techniques, MOOCs have significantly improved the quality of ILI. Practical implications If a module is delivered to a large number of students, MOOCs are effective and convenient. To ensure a successful ILI course, this study describes a detailed procedure for transforming a traditional course to a ubiquitous, high-quality and interactive one. Originality/value This paper represents early attempts to develop MOOCs on ILI in China. In addition, experience and insight from this study are of interest to university educators and policy makers with implications beyond the Chinese educational system.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:07:17Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-02-2016-0013
  • Constructing linkage between libraries and up-to-date news
    • First page: 301
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to construct the linkage between libraries and up-to-date news. This study developed a system to recommend libraries’ resources to those daily news readers who are interested in the topics of the target news. The analysis of experiments results served as the reference for the development and improvement of linking libraries’ resources with other web resources. Design/methodology/approach Up-to-date news were gathered through the news feeds to make the integration with the libraries’ records. In task1, the libraries’ records were linked and recommended to the target libraries’ records which are of the same topics. In task2, the system aimed to find the relevant libraries’ records for target news. Three recommendation methods were compared in both tasks to find the most effective approach to the system. Findings Experiment results showed that: at first, in task 1, the system can assign the libraries’ records of the related topics effectively; secondly, in task 2, the recommending system can obtain a satisfied recall hit rate through human evaluation. Therefore, regarding the popularity of the daily news online, the linkage and recommendation with the libraries’ resources can increase the visibility of the libraries’ resources and eventually promote the information consuming in libraries. Practical implications The author have confirmed, using three matrix factorization methods, that weighted matrix factorization (WMF) used in the libraries’ records recommendation system, could achieve better performance than the other two. Based on the research, the libraries could incorporate the online news and libraries’ resources in practice. Originality/value To increase the visibility and promote information consuming of libraries, this study proposed a novel method to construct the linkage between library and up-to-date news. The results of data analysis indicate that recommendation of libraries resources through the daily news can achieve effective performance. Thus, it can be inferred that the research results of this study are representative and have practical values in real world practice.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-11-2015-0109
  • A study to evaluate the digitization level of Korean libraries (part I)
    • First page: 314
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This study aimed to discover and enumerate the elements of the digital library and measure how much an individual library was equipped with the characteristics of the digital library accordingly. Design/methodology/approach For this purpose several steps were taken. First, research on the characteristics and the representative services of the digital library were comprehensively reviewed. Second, examples of the library services that were being considered for the next generation digital library were investigated to compare with the conventional library services. Third, the elements of the conventional and the digital libraries initially extracted were examined by ten experts. These experts were composed of researchers and professors specializing in digital libraries, and career librarians who had worked in the digital library field for at least ten years. The elements were verified through discussions with them. Fourth, nineteen university libraries, sixteen public libraries, and seventeen special libraries were selected in accordance with the verified elements of the conventional and the digital libraries to measure the digitization level of the libraries. Findings The following is a summary of the evaluation of the first 8 evaluation items, which are covered in Part 1 of this study. The remaining 5 items will be covered in Part 2. First, the digitization level of the acquisition element and classification & cataloguing was significantly high. Second, book collections excluding ‘digital video’, reference service, library program service, and space service showed significantly conventional characteristics. Third, in the element of circulation services, the item of lending books offline and returning the books scored 92.64 and the item of lending-returning with use of smart devices and social media obtained significantly low scores. Also, the average in using the book return desk for the circulation service was 81.39, much higher than using the automatic book return machine, which scored 18.61, by a wide margin. Fourth, in the element of user services, the digital item of providing support for mobile services related to the library resources demonstrated higher scores than the conventional item, but other items showed more conventional characteristics. In particular, the item of duplication services for material scored 94.99, but other items such as support for publication/bookbinding services using digital publication tools and devices obtained significantly low scores. Originality/value This study is first study in the world to measure the level of digitization of the library. Therefore, hereafter, each library will be able to measure and determine its digital position based on these elements. Up to now, some research was performed in pursuit of extracting the elements of a library but it has relied solely on literature review. Comprehensive research had never been performed as in this study.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0102
  • A study to evaluate the digitization level of Korean libraries (part II)
    • First page: 359
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose This research study was undertaken to evaluate the current digitization levels of Korean libraries by identifying key elements of library services and measuring them for conventional vs. digital approaches and use. Design/methodology/approach The study utilized previous research related to digital libraries and consultations with experts to arrive at 13 evaluation elements and components within them to analyze. For the purpose of this study specialized libraries, college and university libraries, and public libraries were surveyed, and their responses analyzed to rate their current digitization levels vs. more conventional approaches. Findings - First, after determining the elements that characterized the conventional and digital libraries by analyzing different pieces of literature and consulting with experts, 92 factors were identified for each of the conventional and digital elements based on the axis which was composed of 13 items. Second, this study indicated that the libraries obtained one of the conventional or digital characteristics independent of the situation, rather than that the digital library was more effective than the conventional library. Third, in evaluating the chosen libraries used as the examples, it was observed that the libraries had more conventional characteristics among the elements of the digital and conventional libraries. Also, based on the axis used for comparison of 13 items, elements such as the next generation service, the SNS service, and the library program service were more conventional, but elements such as classification & cataloging, acquisition, and the organization were more digitized. Originality/value This study is the first study in the world to measure the level of digitization of the library. Therefore, hereafter, each library will be able to measure and determine its digital position based on these elements. Up to now, some research was performed in pursuit of extracting the elements of a library but it had relied solely on literature review. Comprehensive research had never been performed as in this study.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-01-2016-0010
  • Internet of Things – potential for libraries
    • First page: 404
      Abstract: Library Hi Tech, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2016.
      Purpose The subject of this article is the potential of Internet of Things (IoT) technology for libraries in terms of the possible scope and usage forms of this technology in public and academic library services. Design/methodology/approach Based on analysis of the subject literature, the main areas of IoT applications in commercial institutions were identified, then an analysis of library and information science English-language literature from the years 2010-2015 was conducted in order to create a profile of modern library services. The range of activities of commercial and non-commercial institutions were compared to ascertain if areas in which commercial entities using or planning to use IoT could also be an inspiration for libraries. In this way, a theoretical model of IoT use in library activities was developed. Findings The research showed that IoT technology might have the potential to be used in library services and other activities, similar to how it is implemented in the commercial sector. Research limitations/implications The aim of the paper is to determine the possible, not the actual, scope and forms of using this technology in public and academic libraries’ services. Practical implications The results can be widely used in libraries as an inspiration for the use of IoT technology in modern library services. Originality/value The use of IoT in libraries is a new issue that has not been studied much yet.The issue of using the potential of this technology for the needs of libraries has, in recent years, been raised at international conferences, become a subject of interest to librarian associations, and been widely discussed in the blogosphere, thus proving that this topic is important to practitioners. It is difficult, however, to find any scientific, comprehensive studies of this topic.
      Citation: Library Hi Tech
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T11:06:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0100
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016