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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1444  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3182 journals]
  • Understanding relevance judgment in the view of perceived value
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jianping Liu, Jian Wang, Guomin Zhou While researchers have explored and proposed dozens of user relevance judgment criteria (RJC) in various situations, there is a lack of empirical research on the effects of RJC on user relevance judgment and how. The study sought to develop relations between RJC and situational relevance (SR) via four perceived values, epistemic value, functional value, conditional value, and social value, by introducing multi-factors perceived value (PV) theory and structural equation modeling (SEM). The study developed a RJC model basing on multi-factors PV and derived seven hypotheses to be verified. The data of the use of RJC and self-estimation of PVs from 453 people who were all participants of a national data sharing competition were collected by questionnaire, and then were verified and analyzed by SEM to test the hypotheses. The results verify the effectiveness of four PVs on SR with different levels. Meanwhile, it also suggests that RJC can function as the measurements of PVs and reduce RJC as well. Based on the above process, the study puts forward a new definition of SR based on four information values and verifies the SR judgment model—information value-utility model. The research provides theoretical basis and measurement dimensions for understanding and measuring SR. Finally, the theoretical and practical implications of this study are discussed.
  • The citation impact of information behavior theories in scholarly
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Brady D. Lund Theories of information behavior have been developed and used in a variety of disciplines to describe the needs, seeking/search/sharing behaviors, and uses of information among individuals and groups in a variety of contexts. While the development of a theory is a complex, evolutionary process, often involving many thinkers over a long period of time, there is generally a single or small group of publications that can be pointed to as the genesis of a theory. The genesis publications for information behavior theories were examined to determine the information behavior theories receiving the most direct citations in scholarly literature. The findings of this study may be beneficial to library and information science researchers in identifying influential and growing theories of information behavior for incorporation as the foundation of their own research.
  • Gender perspective on information literacy: An interdisciplinary and
           multidimensional analysis within higher education settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): María Pinto, Dora Sales, Rosaura Fernández-Pascual Gender is a sociological variable that needs further attention in information literacy studies. This research uses a multidimensional subjective-objective approach to examine the gender differences in the information literacy learning process in a sample of students from different social sciences degree courses at five Spanish universities. Surveys are used to measure the belief in importance (BI) and self-efficacy (SE) they assign to a series of basic information competencies, grouped into the categories of searching, evaluation, processing and communication-dissemination, as well as the levels of actual knowledge (KN) they have about them. Non-parametric methods and factor analysis are used to evaluate the gender similarities and differences. Latent structures show no relevant differences by gender in perceptions (BI and SE), but different patterns are found in knowledge (KN) regarding the acquisition of the key information competencies. To overcome possible stereotypes and contribute to the construction of an all-inclusive perspective that fosters an awareness of the value of equality, it is necessary to incorporate the gender perspective in information and knowledge management studies. There is still little research in this field, and this study opens some paths for further works.
  • Understanding everyday life information seeking behavior in the context of
           coping with daily hassles: A grounded theory study of female students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Nilofar Barahmand, Maryam Nakhoda, Fatima Fahimnia, Mahin Nazari Studying everyday life information seeking (ELIS) in a variety of contexts contributes to its conceptual development. The primary goal of this study was to understand ELIS in the context of female university students' coping with daily hassles. To identify the dimensions and determinants of ELIS, and to fill this current gap in the literature, a grounded theory study was conducted using Flick's stages of episodic interviewing with 21 Iranian female first-year university students. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through open, axial and selective coding. The findings showed that ELIS in coping with daily hassles is a multidimensional phenomenon that is affected by individuals' characteristics and sociocultural norms and values. Three main categories emerged as determinants of ELIS, namely normative status of the daily hassles, normative status of the information resources, and the individual's characteristics. Two main categories emerged as dimensions of ELIS which were type and strategy of action. Results of this study can contribute to the conceptual development of ELIS and may indicate how and in what circumstances ELIS dimensions emerge. The findings can also be used as a basis for developing information and intervention services in the context of coping with daily hassles.
  • Publisher's Note
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 3Author(s):
  • Global representation in scientific publishing: Cultural contributions and
           methodological challenges
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s):
  • Effect of perceived ease of use on librarians' e-skills: Basis for library
           technology acceptance intention
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Roland Izuagbe, Nurudeen Ademola Ibrahim, Lilofa Osamienfa Ogiamien, Olajumoke Rebecca Olawoyin, Nwanne Mary Nwokeoma, Promise Ifeoma Ilo, Odaro Osayande Despite the widespread application of technology in the 21st century, making informed decisions regarding its acceptance in organisations is a function of several factors, particularly in developing countries, due to factors such as rising cost of the information technology infrastructure and low technological exposure. A model that incorporated perceived ease of use (PEOU) and e-Skills to examine librarians' intention for actual library technology acceptance was tested. The correlational research design, along with a multistage sampling procedure, was applied to select samples to reduce the sample to a manageable proportion. Professional librarians and library officers in four university libraries provided the data for the study. Results showed that e-Skill is the model's strongest determinant of technology acceptance intention among librarians. Also, PEOU will significantly moderate librarians' intention towards library technology acceptance when e-Skills are insufficient. From these outcomes, the understanding of the determinants of behavioural intention captured in the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAT) is extended and refined.
  • How college students evaluate and share “fake news” stories
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Chris Leeder The spread of “fake news” stories online has become a pressing concern in the United States and around the world in recent years. Social media platforms enable the rapid spread of such misinformation and also make evaluating the credibility of online information more difficult. Since college students are frequent users of social media, they are particularly likely to be exposed to fake news. A survey was conducted with 63 undergraduate students in which they identified and evaluated examples of both fake and real news stories and reported their associated information behaviors. Results showed correlations between accurate identification of fake news stories and specific critical evaluation behaviors and strategies. However, students were unable to accurately evaluate their own skills, and their willingness to share fake news stories on social media was not related to accurate identifications or evaluations of trustworthiness. This study contributes to the understanding of not just how accurately students evaluate fake news stories, but of the specific information-seeking behaviors and critical evaluation strategies that are associated with accurate identifications and evaluations and with willingness to share news stories on social media. Implications for educators and directions for future research are discussed.
  • Modeling time-to-trigger in library demand-driven acquisitions via
           survival analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Zhehan Jiang, Sarah Rose Fitzgerald, Kevin W. Walker Conventional statistical methods (e.g. logistics regression, decision tree, etc.) have been used to analyze library demand-driven acquisitions (DDA) data. However, these methods are not well-suited to predict when acquisitions will be triggered or how long e-books will remain unused. Survival analysis, a statistical method commonly used in clinical research and medical trials, was employed to predict the time-to-trigger for DDA purchases within the context of a large research university library. By predicting which e-books will be triggered (i.e., purchased), as well as the time to trigger occurrence, the method tested in this study provides libraries a deeper understanding of factors influencing their DDA purchasing patterns. This understanding will help libraries optimize their DDA profile management and DDA budgets. This research provides a demonstration of how data science techniques can be of value for the library environment.
  • Cognitive authorities in health education classrooms: A nexus analysis on
           group-based learning tasks
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Noora Hirvonen, Laura Palmgren-Neuvonen Socio-technical changes have transformed information practices and challenged conceptions of cognitive authorities, referring to information sources that are deemed credible and legitimate and influence people's thinking. Cognitive authorities in group-based knowledge-construction projects in health education lessons were explored in this study. Nexus analysis was used to analyze participant interviews and video-observed social actions in three secondary school health-education classrooms (Grades 8–9) in Finland. The findings show how group-based projects employing multiple information sources offer opportunities for the distribution and co-construction of cognitive authorities. However, explicit negotiations on the authority of sources were rare. Cognitive authorities appeared as contextual and situational but also guided by broader discourses circulating in the scene of action. By embedding information literacy instruction throughout the curriculum, information professionals and teachers can support young learners to recognize relevant authorities in different spheres of knowledge and to become competent users of health information.
  • The economic value of library services for children: The case of the Czech
           public libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jan Stejskal, Petr Hájek, Tomáš Řehák Public support of library services must be targeted towards children because these services play a key role in their development. However, no prior research has investigated the value of public library services for children. Specifically, earlier studies evaluated the value of public libraries as a whole, without considering library services for different stakeholders. The fact that children are not autonomous economic agents is another problem to address. These barriers can be overcome by using the contingent valuation method with parents/caregivers as the subjects queried and children used as the objects in this study. Thus, the economic value of library services for children can be obtained to support managerial decisions on services specifically designed for children. More precisely, this study is unique in that it develops a contingent valuation methodology for estimating the value of children's library services based on adults' willingness to allocate a proportion of municipal budgets. Both users and non-users were surveyed to verify the proposed methodology empirically. The results show that the perceived effectiveness (ratio between perceived benefits and costs) of children's library services is 11.2 (11.2 units of benefits for each unit invested) in Czech public libraries compared with 4.3 for a library as a whole. This finding confirms the essential role of children's library services, implying that public libraries should offer a broader selection of children's books and other services. The study also shows that the value of children's library services depends on the age, education and economic structure of the adults queried. In addition, their satisfaction with library services is another important determinant, indicating that public libraries can influence the perceived benefits of children's library services.
  • Political discourse: Do public libraries serve as a fertile ground'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Fakhar Abbas Hashmi Libraries in general, and public libraries specifically, are social institutions. It is their role and function to educate, inculcate values and provide recreational opportunities to the community. The success of a democratic political system depends on community involvement in decision making. The role of public libraries in political discourse was assessed with three approaches. Firstly, the geographical characteristics of public library communities were explored using Geographical Information System (GIS) methods. Secondly, the resources, services and activities of public libraries were identified. Thirdly, community perspectives were explored using the five aspects of the “Spectrum of Public Participation” of the International Association for Public Participation (IAP2). The results from all three approaches indicate that the public libraries of Islamabad do not facilitate opportunities for the community to be consulted, empowered or involved in political discourse. Analysis of GIS characteristics, library services and community perspectives suggests that improvements in planning and commitment (especially infrastructure, budget and human resources) would enable public libraries to increase opportunities for Islamabad communities to engage in political discourse.
  • Secrets and secretive behaviours: Exploring the hidden through harmful
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Crystal Fulton While information science researchers have for some time examined sharing, non-sharing behaviours have received less attention. This study explored the role and impact of secretive information behaviours in the context of gambling activities and social interactions around harmful gambling. The study followed a qualitative approach, involving in-depth interviews with recovering gamblers and gamblers' families and friends in Ireland. Findings revealed that secretive information behaviours, such as self-concealment, were characteristic of gamblers' and their families' experiences of gambling harm. While self-concealing information behaviours facilitated the gambler's secret participation in gambling, the negative financial and social outcomes had a further serious impact on family members and their coping strategies. Understanding how and why people adopt secretive information behaviours can facilitate positive navigation of information in risky and stressful circumstances. Findings offer a more holistic view of information use, sharing, and decision making, by including negative as well as positive information outcomes in modeling of information behaviour.
  • The use of paradigms in information research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Philip Kwaku Kankam Studies of human behaviour usually require the adoption of a research paradigm with the objective of improving the credibility and generalisability of the study. Applying research paradigms in information research is noted to vary from one researcher to another based on the investigator's choice as well as the character of the issue under investigation. The differences in the application of research paradigms in information research do not rely on philosophical assumptions alone, but also on the practical consequences of the inquiry and the interpretation of the findings. The four most broadly applied paradigms in research - pragmatism, interpretivism, positivism, and post-positivism and how the adoption of these paradigms fit into information research was examined. Findings indicate that application of research paradigms in information research is beneficial. However, information researchers are advised to be cautious of the weaknesses of the paradigm they would adopt for a study.
  • Global perspectives of research data sharing: A systematic literature
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Winner Dominic Chawinga, Sandy Zinn Studies investigating data sharing from a world perspective are seemingly rare. By employing a quantitative design,this systematic review investigates and presents a comprehensive account of factors hampering data sharing at three levels of the global research hierarchy (individual, institutional and international). The study analyses secondary data extracted from 105 publications (n=105). Journal publishers and research grant organisations are key players in promoting data sharing activities by formulating, adopting and implementing policies on data sharing. Despite concerted efforts to promote data sharing, various factors frustrate these initiatives; they include lack of time and data misappropriation (individual level); data sharing training, absence of compensation and unfavourable internal policies (institutional level); and weak policies, ethical and legal norms, lack of data infrastructure and interoperability issues (international level). To counter these challenges, there is a need for research stakeholders to recognise researchers who share data through data citations, acknowledgement and incentives; invest in infrastructure, conduct training and advocacy programs; formulate stringent and fair policies. Data sharing will only become a success if research stakeholders apply equal efforts in managing data to that of research publications in general. The study offers a unique and comprehensive account of factors hampering data sharing from a global perspective. Solutions suggested could be adopted by research stakeholders in their efforts to enhance data sharing activities at various research levels.
  • Mobile information behavior of Warner Pacific University students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Lishi Kwasitsu, Ann Matsushima Chiu The mobile information behavior of Warner Pacific University students was studied using survey questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and group-based exercises through the lens of several common information theories and models. As ownership of connected devices became nearly ubiquitous, students used the Internet more than the library. Students built digital networks to connect with friends or classmates. The Internet was the students' primary information source, since using Google was a daily lifestyle habit while the library was totally new and unfamiliar territory. Comparison of the students' information search processes (ISPs) with Kuhlthau's ISP diagram revealed that the students searching was idiosyncratic and unpredictable, and they only adopted systematic search protocols when these were imposed on them. Chatman's theory of information poverty was useful as it revealed that the students' perception of information deprivation cut across all socio-economic groups.
  • Mapping the state of information literacy education in primary schools:
           The case of Pakistan
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Syeda Hina Batool, Sheila Webber
  • Librarians and health literacy: A scoping review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Mary L. Klem, Ahlam A. Saleh, Patricia J. Devine, Karen E. Gutzman, Amy C. Knehans, Tanisha N. Mills, Gale A. Oren, Emily Vardell
  • Examining libraries as public sphere institutions: Mapping questions,
           methods, theories, findings, and research gaps
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Andreas Vårheim, Roswitha Skare, Noah Lenstra It is common in the literature to see libraries characterized as public sphere institutions, but the exact processes by which libraries support and engage in the public sphere remain under-explored. Based on a systematic review of the research literature on libraries as public sphere institutions, this study maps the questions, methods, theories, and findings of those scholars and librarians who have examined this topic. This research finds that discussions of libraries as public sphere institutions orient around five themes: Community, management and funding, institutional structures and practices, new tools and services, and knowledge organization. Compared to existing research, more focused and stringent research designs are necessary to enhance the understanding of libraries as public sphere institutions. A focused research program can create theoretical and actionable knowledge for knowledge-based policies, strategies, and activities at the international, federal, state, and community levels.
  • Preschool children's preferences for library activities: Laddering
           interviews in Chinese public libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Pianran Wang, Jianhua Xu, Yingying Wu Evaluations of preschool children’s library programs and activities have for the most part been based on effectiveness with respect to parameters such as reading and literacy, while the preferences of the children have been ignored. This study uses the laddering method to identify Chinese preschool children’s preferences for certain library activities. Thirty-four children were recruited from three activities at three Chinese public libraries. The laddering method proved effective in revealing the preschoolers’ library activity preferences and the reasons for those preferences from the perspective of personal value. The results suggest that library activity designers should consider factors such as familiarity, newness, ease, presence of friends and peers, and joy.
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