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Journal Cover Library & Information Science Research
   [825 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
     Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2563 journals]   [SJR: 1.754]   [H-I: 29]
  • Research methods: Information, systems and
           contextsKirstyWilliamsonGraemeJohanson2013Tilde University PressMelbourne,
           Australia978-0734611482(578 pp. $41.55 (pbk))
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Laura Saunders



      PubDate: 2014-06-27T15:01:26Z
       
  • What's in a virtual hug' A transdisciplinary review of methods in
           online health discussion forum research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Annie T. Chen



      PubDate: 2014-06-27T15:01:26Z
       
  • Following the red thread of information in information literacy research:
           Recovering local knowledge through interview to the double
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Annemaree Lloyd
      To understand a complex social practice such as workplace information literacy and capture the nonnormative and nuanced local knowledges that are specific to the performance in a setting, requires that additional tools be added to information literacy researchers' methodological toolbox. One such tool, interview to the double (ITTD), is introduced and explored through a study that focused on understanding how aged-care workers developed their understanding of safety in the workplace. The addition of the ITTD technique was to recover local knowledges that are present in the daily routines of workers or available only at the moment of practice. The ITTD technique is described and its potential and limitations are also considered in relation to information literacy research.


      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • Subject dispersion of LIS research in Pakistan
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Mirza Muhammad Naseer , Khalid Mahmood
      A subject analysis of 5195 publications in library and information science (LIS) research in Pakistan over a period of 62years revealed that the majority of Pakistani LIS research focused on a few subject areas. Pakistani LIS researchers gave little attention to many subjects and completely ignored others. More than a quarter (26.72%) of the total items focused on “information treatment for information services” while 22% were related to “libraries as physical collections.” Other areas with some attention included “industry, profession and education” (12.32%) and “theoretical and general aspects of libraries and information” (11.40%). Researchers paid little attention to “housing technologies,” “technical services in libraries, archives and museums,” and “management.”


      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • Research data management services in academic research libraries and
           perceptions of librarians
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Carol Tenopir , Robert J. Sandusky , Suzie Allard , Ben Birch
      The emergence of data intensive science and the establishment of data management mandates have motivated academic libraries to develop research data services (RDS) for their faculty and students. Here the results of two studies are reported: librarians' RDS practices in U.S. and Canadian academic research libraries, and the RDS-related library policies in those or similar libraries. Results show that RDS are currently not frequently employed in libraries, but many services are in the planning stages. Technical RDS are less common than informational RDS, RDS are performed more often for faculty than for students, and more library directors believe they offer opportunities for staff to develop RDS-related skills than the percentage of librarians who perceive such opportunities to be available. Librarians need opportunities to learn more about these services either on campus or through attendance at workshops and professional conferences.


      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • The effect of personal and situational factors on LIS students' and
           professionals' intentions to use e-books
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Noa Aharony
      Due to the growth in both the number and use of e-books, the question arises as to which factors may influence information professionals and library and information science (LIS) students when considering adopting e-books in their organizations. This study uses the technology acceptance model (TAM), a well-known theory for explaining individuals' technology behaviors, and cognitive appraisal theory as theoretical bases from which to predict factors that may influence information professionals and LIS students in their adoption of e-books in their organizations. This study explored two main themes: whether there are differences between information professionals' and LIS students' perspectives towards e-books, and to what extent the TAM, as well as other personal characteristics such as threat, challenge, and motivation, explain information professionals' and LIS students' perspectives. Researchers used questionnaires to gather data on computer competence, attitudes to ebooks, motivation, and cognitive appraisal. Findings reveal that there are major differences between the two groups concerning computer competence, motivation, and challenge. In addition, the TAM, as well as other personal characteristics, can predict the likelihood of e-book adoption, and highlights the importance of individual characteristics when considering technology acceptance.


      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • Digital Libraries Information
           AccessG.G.ChowdhurySchubertFoo2012Neal-SchumanChicago,
           IL978-1555709143(256 pp. $99.95 (pbk).)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Dan Albertson



      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • Museum Web search behavior of special interest visitors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Mette Skov , Peter Ingwersen
      There is a current trend to make museum collections widely accessible by digitising cultural heritage collections for the Internet. The present study takes a user perspective and explores the characteristics of online museum visitors' web search behaviour. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was deployed in a case study at a National Museum of Military History. Quantitatively, data from a web questionnaire survey and a user study of interactive searching behaviour were collected and analysed. Qualitatively, observation protocols were coded and analysed based on inductive content analysis. It was found that metadata elements on factual object related information, provenience, and historic context was indicated to be relevant by the majority of the respondents, characterising the group of special interest museum visitors as information hungry. Further, four main characteristics of online museum visitors' searching behaviour were identified: (a) searching behaviour has a strong visual aspect, (b) topical searching is predominantly exploratory, (c) users apply broad known item searches, and (d) meaning making is central to the search process.


      PubDate: 2014-05-27T09:28:02Z
       
  • Emotions as motivators for information seeking: A conceptual analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Reijo Savolainen
      This conceptual analysis of how emotions and feelings are characterized as motivators for information seeking draws on the appraisal theories suggesting that emotions motivate individuals by triggering action readiness to approach or avoid sources of information. The findings indicate that emotions and feelings motivate in five major ways: they start, expand, limit, or terminate the information-seeking process, or they lead to information avoidance. Information scientists have mainly characterized the motivational aspects of negatively colored emotions such as anxiety and fear while the role of positive emotions such as joy has remained secondary.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Academic social bookmarking: An empirical analysis of Connotea users
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Helen S. Du , Samuel K.W. Chu , Gary E. Gorman , Felix L.C. Siu
      Three groups of social bookmarking users, namely experienced users, users with moderate level of experience, and novice users, were investigated, in terms of their reported tagging behaviors, perceived usefulness of social bookmarking in information discovery and management, and perceived usefulness of the bookmarking features provided. Based on the empirical analysis of the Connotea users, who are primarily in academia, the study shows that experienced academic users generally prefer to use social bookmarking while moderately experienced and novice users still prefer to use the traditional bookmarking methods, such as creating and using bookmarks on a dedicated computer. Experienced academic users were also found to create more tags per bookmark comparing to the other two groups. Most novice academic users, however, only created one tag per bookmark, which just met Connotea's minimum requirement. Surprisingly different from the collaborative design nature of the social bookmarking systems, the study finds that our participants, particularly experienced academic users, prefer to create and use their own bookmarks rather than sharing bookmarks created by others. In fact, experienced users have significantly higher frequency (once every two weeks) of creating bookmarks than the other two groups (once a month or less). In addition, website design features and functions, such as automatic collection of bibliographic information, are regarded by all participants as helpful for information discovery. The in-depth examination and discussion of the opinions of Connotea users may be useful for further improvement of the design features and usage applications, particularly for academic social bookmarking websites. The results may also have potential implications to the future development of social bookmarking services in general.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • The dimensions of library service quality: A confirmatory factor analysis
           of the LibQUAL+ instrument
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Jody Condit Fagan
      The LibQUAL+ instrument has been widely adopted by libraries to evaluate user perceptions of library service quality. Studies combining groups (e.g., Lane et al., 2012) have shown high correlations between two factors, suggesting the possibility that a two-factor model may fit as well as the three-factor model theorized by the developers. Also, previous studies have not closely examined residuals to analyze local misfit in the context of theory but instead have often correlated error terms to improve model fit. This study uses LibQUAL+ responses from undergraduates at a public, comprehensive university to test three-factor, two-factor, and one-factor models of user perceptions of library service quality. Global fit indices indicated that both two-factor and three-factor models were empirically supported, but the three-factor model had better theoretical support. Furthermore, this article adds to the literature the unique perspective of residual analysis and builds theoretical arguments in the interpretation of the final model. Areas of local misfit suggest the need for independent studies to examine residuals. If areas of misfit repeat across institutional populations, that could suggest the potential for further instrument development, while if areas of misfit are unique to institutional populations, this could target areas for institutions to investigate more closely.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Personal experience as social capital in online investor forums
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Lisa G. O'Connor , Lindsay L. Dillingham
      Research demonstrates that information disseminated and circulated in online forums may have a significant impact on investors and on the securities market. Therefore, an understanding of that environment is critical. This research uses social capital theory as a framework for understanding how information exchange is facilitated in online investor forums. Specifically, it explores whether or not personal experience may generate social capital in the online environment. This work reports on the relationships between sharing personal experience and information sharing and use in three investor discussion forums. Four hundred forty threads containing 2405 posts were analyzed for this study. Thread starter posts and responses were quantified and coded for statements of personal experience. Citations to information sources were also measured. Results demonstrate that explicitly stating personal experience or lack of personal experience affects the quantity and quality of ensuing discussion and information exchange. Possible implications of this work on both the study of online investor forums and the study of social capital are discussed.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Devising and implementing a card-sorting technique for a longitudinal
           investigation of the information behavior of people with type 2 diabetes
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Beth St. Jean
      Information behavior research has been conducted predominantly using single-method (often interviews or surveys/questionnaires), cross-sectional research designs. However, there are important benefits to triangulation and the use of longitudinal methods. In preparing to conduct an investigation into the information needs and information seeking and use practices of people with type 2 diabetes, a longitudinal research design was developed that included traditional data collection methods, such as questionnaires and interviews. However, an additional method was developed specifically for this study — a new type of card-sorting technique that would permit the elicitation of participants' judgments regarding the relative usefulness of different sources and types of diabetes related information at different points in time along their journeys with the disease. This technique was well-received by the study participants and it yielded quantitative data that could be analyzed to identify whether any statistically significant changes took place in participants' judgments across time. Furthermore, the incorporation of a think-aloud protocol within this technique yielded invaluable qualitative data that helped to shed light on the reasoning behind participants' usefulness judgments. This new data collection tool has many potential applications within LIS research and practice.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Stakeholders as researchers: A multiple case study of using cooperative
           inquiry to develop and document the formative leadership experiences of
           new school library professionals
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Marcia A. Mardis , Nancy Everhart
      Cooperative inquiry, a form of qualitative research used in community building, has not often been applied in educational contexts. Through the lens of formative leadership theory, the researchers studied the abilities of three new school librarians trained in cooperative inquiry and leadership to engage in collaborative problem solving for technology-related school challenges. Due to internal and external factors, participants experienced various levels of success with their challengers, but cooperative inquiry proved to be a viable methodology to evaluate the outcomes of library education for school librarians' formative leadership.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Some new research opportunities
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Peter Hernon , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Job satisfaction and job performance of university librarians: A
           disaggregated examination
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Yu-Ping Peng
      University librarians are required to continuously adjust to keep up with changing customers' needs. The study uses structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the effects of different facets of job satisfaction on the task performance and contextual performance of university librarians. Specifically, the study breaks down the overall measure of job satisfaction first into its intrinsic and extrinsic components, and then into sub-facets of these components, in order to isolate in detail how they influence job performance. Findings from competing statistical models demonstrate that certain facets of intrinsic job satisfaction strongly predict both task performance and contextual performance. The findings can be particularly useful for providing a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance in the university library context. Finally, the study considers managerial implications.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Measuring social capital through network analysis and its influence on
           individual performance
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1
      Author(s): Alireza Abbasi , Rolf T. Wigand , Liaquat Hossain
      Studies of social networks highlight the importance of network structure or structural properties of a given network and its impact on performance outcome. One of the important properties of this network structure is referred to as social capital, which is the network of contacts and the associated values attached to these networks of contacts. This study provides empirical evidence of the influence of social capital and performance within the context of academic collaboration (coauthorship) and suggests that the collaborative process involves social capital embedded within relationships and network structures among direct coauthors. Association between scholars' social capital and their citation-based performance measures is examined. To overcome the limitations of traditional social network metrics for measuring the influence of scholars' social capital within coauthorship networks, the traditional social network metrics is extended by proposing two new measures, of which one is non-weighted (the power–diversity index) and the other (power–tie–diversity index) is weighted by the number of collaboration instances. The Spearman's correlation rank test is used to examine the association between scholars' social capital measures and their citation-based performance. Results suggest that research performance of authors is positively correlated with their social capital measures. The power–diversity index and power–tie–diversity index serve as indicators of power and influence of an individual's ability to control communication and information.


      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 1




      PubDate: 2014-04-29T13:49:56Z
       
  • The Cynefin framework: A tool for analyzing qualitative data in
           information science?
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Julie McLeod , Sue Childs
      Interpreting qualitative research data and presenting it in ways that enable potential beneficiaries of the research to use it readily and appropriately is increasingly important in the context of the research impact agenda. One way of doing uses the Cynefin framework. Cynefin, which is rooted in knowledge management and complexity science, has been used in a range of contexts to support decision-making and strategy development in dynamic and challenging situations. However, it has not been widely used as a data analysis technique or in the information science discipline. An exploratory evaluation uses it to interpret the rich, nuanced qualitative data from a three-year research project that engaged people worldwide to explore issues and practical strategies for managing electronic records, a significant information management challenge. The evaluation demonstrates that the Cynefin framework provides a strategic lens through which to view electronic records management (ERM). Cynefin prompts new questions to be asked, leading to new insights and a deeper understanding of the ERM challenge. Most significantly, it provides a new construct for re-perceiving the challenge in a holistic way and offers a strategic approach to taking action for change. This evaluation suggests that it is an appropriate and effective framework for use in qualitative research on challenging information management problems, with the potential to support the transfer of research into practice.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Health answer quality evaluation by librarians, nurses, and users in
           social Q&A
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Sanghee Oh , Adam Worrall
      Health information consumers and patients increasingly take an active role in seeking health information online and in sharing their health problems and concerns in online support groups and social media venues. However, they may risk being influenced by unreliable and misleading information in such environments, as no intermediaries monitor the quality of this information. This study focuses on evaluating the quality of health information exchanged in one of the social media venues, by investigating how librarians, nurses, and users assessed the quality of health answers in Yahoo! Answers, a social question-and-answering (Q&A) service. Through statistical analysis differences among the three participant groups, how the background characteristics influenced their assessments, and the relationships between characteristics of the content of answers and quality evaluation criteria were each considered in detail. Librarians and nurses shared similar ratings of answer quality, but had differences in their level of medical knowledge and the types of services they offer, resulting in minor differences across criteria. Users perceived the quality of health answers in social Q&A to be higher than librarians and nurses for almost all criteria. Depending on the sources of information presented in health answers, librarians, nurses, and users gave different quality assessments. Implications exist for research into and practice of evaluating the quality of health information, which need to address both search and domain expertise along with the sharing of socioemotional values preferred by users.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Photovoi A promising method for studies of individuals' information
           practices
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Heidi Julien , Lisa M. Given , Anna Opryshko



      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Finding their way: How public library users wayfind
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Lauren H. Mandel
      A multi-method case study research design, guided by Passini's conceptual framework of wayfinding, was employed to investigate library user wayfinding behavior within the entry area of a medium-sized public library facility. The case study research design included document review of the library's wayfinding information system; unobtrusive observation of library user wayfinding behavior; intensive interviews with library users to discuss their views on wayfinding in the library; and an expert review with library staff and a library wayfinding and signage expert to validate research findings. Overall, the study found library users' wayfinding behavior to be generally inconsistent over time, but that there are users who stick to predominant segments (those segments used heavily to connect two particular nodes, or stops). Those segments tend to be the straightest or most direct segments connecting two given nodes. Also, users appear to employ Passini's wayfinding styles more often than his wayfinding strategies, but additional research is needed that delves more deeply into these cognitive processes.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Acknowledgments
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Peter Hernon , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4




      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Twenty years on
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Peter Hernon , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Fully engaged practice and emotional connection: Aspects of the
           practitioner perspective of reference and information service
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Amy VanScoy



      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Information literacy self-efficacy: The effect of juggling work and study
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Mitchell Ross , Helen Perkins , Kelli Bodey
      Information literacy self-efficacy and academic motivation are both argued to play important roles in student academic development. The former is considered to be a predictor of student academic achievement while the latter is considered a key factor in developing information literacy self-efficacy. Today, many students undertake paid employment in conjunction with their academic studies and little is known about the effect this may have on their information literacy self-efficacy and academic motivation. As such, the relationship between information literacy self-efficacy, academic motivation, and employment has been unexplored. Data were collected via a questionnaire, comprised of existing scales, which was administered to undergraduate business students in an Australian higher education (HE) institution. A response rate of 58% resulted in 585 completed questionnaires. Findings suggest that whether or not students were engaged in paid employment did not appear to influence information literacy self-efficacy, although students in paid employment did exhibit significantly lower intrinsic motivation than students not in paid employment. Additionally, for students not in paid employment a significant relationship was found between amount of time spent on study and information literacy self-efficacy. Of some concern, the small amount of time students reported spending in academic pursuits outside of scheduled classes raises issues regarding the placement of information literacy instruction. For information literacy practitioners this study contributes to awareness regarding the conceptualization of information literacy instruction and its placement in the HE environment.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Three ways of knowing: Agricultural knowledge systems of small-scale
           farmers in Africa with reference to Kenya
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Hilda M. Munyua , Christine Stilwell
      Research carried out in 2011 in Kirinyaga district, Kenya, shows how sense-making theory and methodology can be used to assess the use of local agricultural and external knowledge by small-scale farmers and its effects on small-scale agriculture. Two knowledge systems, the local knowledge system and the external or scientific knowledge system, are considered dominant. The two systems can be synergistic and small-scale farmers have mixed them in their farming activities. Blending systems improve communication, livelihoods, and economies within local communities, and increases their participation in development. Data were collected in focus group discussions with farmers' groups and interviews with individual farmers. Results show that most farmers in Kirinyaga use external agricultural information in their farming practices. A significant number use combined external agricultural information and local knowledge, which forms a third knowledge system. This third system requires the validation of the farmers' innovations and documentation of the knowledge for wider dissemination. Information providers should adopt policies that promote the use of the three knowledge systems by small-scale farmers.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Search markets and search results: The case of Bing
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): David Wilkinson , Mike Thelwall
      Bing and Google customize their results to target people with different geographic locations and languages but, despite the importance of search engines for web users and webometric research, the extent and nature of these differences are unknown. This study compares the results of seventeen random queries submitted automatically to Bing for thirteen different English geographic search markets at monthly intervals. Search market choice alters a small majority of the top 10 results but less than a third of the complete sets of results. Variation in the top 10 results over a month was about the same as variation between search markets but variation over time was greater for the complete results sets. Most worryingly for users, there were almost no ubiquitous authoritative results: only one URL was always returned in the top 10 for all search markets and points in time, and Wikipedia was almost completely absent from the most common top 10 results. Most importantly for webometrics, results from at least three different search markets should be combined to give more reliable and comprehensive results, even for queries that return fewer than the maximum number of URLs.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • Preparing public librarians for consumer health information servi A
           nationwide study
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 4
      Author(s): Lili Luo , Van Ta Park
      A nationwide survey study was conducted to gain understanding as to how to prepare public librarians for consumer health information service. Findings indicate that the popular health information needs encountered by public librarians cover a wide variety of topics, including the human body, a medical/health condition, a disease, a medical concept, and fitness/diet/nutrition. The top two challenges faced by public librarians when providing consumer health information service are difficulty in interpreting patrons' questions and lack of knowledge about available and trusted/appropriate medical/health information sources. Public librarians wish to receive training on a number of topics that could help address the challenges they face, and the most favorable training format for them, among all the options provided in the survey, is the self-paced online tutorial. This study constitutes the basis for establishing training requirements and developing training programs to meet the needs of public librarians. Their mastery of the necessary skills, knowledge and competencies via training will lead to effective and efficient delivery of consumer health information service in public libraries, and ultimately generate optimal patron experiences.


      PubDate: 2013-12-10T13:32:58Z
       
  • The new digital scholar: Exploring and enriching the research and writing
           practices of NextGen studentsRandallMcClure &James
           P.Purdy2013Information TodayMedford, NJ400 pp. $59.50 (hardcover). ISBN
           978-1573874755 (hardcover). (ASIS&T Monograph Series)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 August 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Melissa Scanlan



      PubDate: 2013-08-23T07:34:04Z
       
  • Advice to researchers
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 3
      Author(s): Peter Hernon , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2013-08-03T01:42:30Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2013-08-03T01:42:30Z
       
  • Changes to the Board of Editors/In Memory of Niels Ole Pors
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2013-08-03T01:42:30Z
       
  • Standard Opening to Book Review Section
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2013-08-03T01:42:30Z
       
  • Looking for Information: A Survey of Research on Information Seeking,
           Needs, and Behavior By Donald O. Case. 3rd ed. Bingley, UK: Emerald
           Publishing Group, 2012. xvi, 491 p. $83.95 ISBN 978-1-78052-654-6
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Reijo Savolainen



      PubDate: 2013-07-17T21:53:54Z
       
  • JamshidBeheshtiAndrewLargeThe Information Behavior of a New
           Generation2012Scarecrow PressLanham, MD978-0810885943(262 pp. $55 (pbk))
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 July 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Kathleen Schreurs



      PubDate: 2013-07-13T21:31:09Z
       
  • DouglasCookLesleyFarmerUsing Qualitative Methods in Action Research: How
           Librarians Can Get to the Why of Data2011Association of College and
           Research LibrariesChicago, IL978-0838985762264 pp. $60 (pbk)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Matthew Griffis



      PubDate: 2013-06-28T04:19:47Z
       
  • Information and culture: Cultural differences in the perception and recall
           of information
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Ji-Hyun Kim
      Culture is found to play an important role in the perception and recall of information. Hypotheses based on the two cultural models (individualism and context) were tested using a 2×2 factorial between-subject experimental design: individualism/collectivism and high/low-context conditions. The subjects consisted of 82 American students and 82 Korean students. The cultural tests confirm that the American culture represents individualism, whereas the Korean culture represents collectivism. The results indicate that Koreans tend to be more comfortable with a high-context culture that uses indirect and ambiguous messages. The Korean subjects show higher ratings for perceptions of information in a high-context design compared to the American subjects. There was no statistically significant difference in recall of information from high- and low-context conditions between the American and the Korean subjects. The findings of this study may benefit information professionals who are looking for effective ways of conveying information to intended audiences.


      PubDate: 2013-06-24T03:40:03Z
       
  • Addressing below proficient information literacy skills: Evaluating the
           efficacy of an evidence-based educational intervention
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Melissa Gross , Don Latham
      Over the course of three years, an educational intervention was developed to teach information literacy (IL) skills, change perceptions of IL, and to recalibrate self views of the abilities of first year college students who demonstrate below proficient information literacy skills. The intervention is a modular workshop designed around the three-step analyze, search, evaluate (ASE) model of information literacy, which is easy to remember, easy to adapt to multiple instructional situations, and can provide a foundation for building information literacy skills. Summative evaluation of the intervention demonstrates that students who attend the workshop see an increase in skills and awareness of information literacy as a skill set. Increases in skills, however, were not sufficient to move participants into the proficient range. While workshop participants were able to reassess preworkshop skills, skills gained in the workshop did not result in recalibrated self-views of ability. Like the development of skills, the recalibration of self-assessments may require multiple exposures to information literacy instruction.


      PubDate: 2013-06-24T03:40:03Z
       
  • Learning to use information: Informed learning in the undergraduate
           classroom
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Clarence Maybee , Christine S. Bruce , Mandy Lupton , Kristen Rebmann
      Informed learning is a pedagogy that focuses on learning subject content through engaging with academic or professional information practices. Adopting the position that more powerful learning is achieved where students are taught how to use information and subject content simultaneously, the research reported here investigated an informed learning lesson. Using phenomenographic methods, students' experiences of the lesson were compared with observations of how the lesson was enacted in the classroom. Based on an analysis of student interviews using variation theory, different ways of experiencing the informed learning lesson emerged. Some students understood the lesson to be about learning to use information, i.e., researching and writing an academic paper, while others understood it as focusing on understanding both subject content and information use simultaneously. Although the results of this study are highly contextualized, the findings suggest criteria to consider when designing informed learning lessons.


      PubDate: 2013-06-24T03:40:03Z
       
  • Theory talk in the library science scholarly literature: An exploratory
           analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Kafi D. Kumasi , Deborah H. Charbonneau , Dian Walster
      In the discipline of library and information science (LIS), a qualitative analysis of the meaningful use of theory in contemporary scholarly literature is critical to helping scholars expand their repertoire of knowledge about various theories and helping them make informed decisions about how to skillfully integrate theory in their research. This study explored how theory was presented and talked about in seven prominent library science-focused journals from 2009 to 2011. Through a process of analytic induction, categories representing a continuum of theory talk were identified and their relationships examined. Three main types of theory talk in library research are defined, ranging from minimal (theory dropping), moderate (theory conversation), to major (theory generation). The categories and their relationships generate a rich discussion about the intensity and degree to which theory is being discussed and used in a less-examined subset of library and information science research journals. This research contributes both an explanatory structure and substantive discussion regarding theory use in library science to the professional literature.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2013-06-19T13:18:00Z
       
  • Information use environments of African-American dementia caregivers over
           the course of cognitive–behavioral therapy for depression
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Michelle M. Kazmer , Robert L. Glueckauf , Jinxuan Ma , Kathleen Burnett
      Caregivers of older adults with dementia face significant challenges associated with their care recipients' condition and with their own mental and physical wellbeing. Qualitative research data were collected via interviews with caregivers who participated in the African-American Alzheimer's Caregiver Training and Support (ACTS) research project. Analysis of these data with a focus on information use indicated that participating caregivers' information use environments were shaped by key individuals, settings, and information sources. These included the ACTS counselors, ACTS intervention guidebook, fellow caregivers, use of a personal calendar/datebook, and the identification of key problems and development of goals to help ameliorate those problems. CBT groups fostered sharing, synthesizing, and validating information about dementia caregiving and dementia care resources; the ACTS CBT guidebook served as an important physical touchstone of reliable and portable information. Understanding the specific needs, behaviors, and constraints of African-American caregivers is important to the future development of information components of tailored, depression–reduction interventions.


      PubDate: 2013-06-15T12:54:06Z
       
  • A case study on the appropriateness of using quick response (QR) codes in
           libraries and museums
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Michelle Kelly Schultz
      Libraries and museums are increasingly looking to mobile technologies, including quick response (QR) codes, to better serve their visitors and achieve their overall institutional goals; however, there is a lack of information regarding patrons' perceptions of QR codes — information essential to successful implementations. This case study explored staff members' and patrons' perceptions of QR codes at Ryerson University Library and the Museum of Inuit Art in order to determine the extent to which QR codes are appropriate for use in libraries and museums. Observations and 56 patron and staff interviews were conducted to obtain data on usage, knowledge, reactions and expectations regarding QR codes in these institutions. It was found that QR code usage was low, but that there was potential for use, with patrons' reactions being generally positive. Three themes were identified from an analysis of the results: an assumption that young people and smartphone owners use QR codes; that QR codes are only used for one-way provision of information, not to initiate a conversation; and that QR codes can be used to personalize a visit to an institution. Libraries and museums are advised that based on these findings, QR codes can provide a cost effective and potentially powerful tool, but patrons should be first surveyed to tailor these initiatives to their wants and needs.


      PubDate: 2013-06-15T12:54:06Z
       
  • Understanding the moderating effect of tie on the transfer of ease of use
           and usefulness from print resources to electronic resources
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Xianjin Zha , Jing Li , Yalan Yan
      Chinese university libraries are transitioning from traditional print collections to hybrid collections, resulting in collections which may be print-only, electronic-only, or contain both formats. This leads to many challenges in the management of electronic library resources. This study explores the moderating effect of tie (perceived similarity) on the transfer of ease of use (amount of effort required to use library resources) and usefulness (the degree to which using library resources would improve performance) from print resources to electronic resources, with the view in mind of facilitating the effective use of online electronic resources in Chinese university libraries. Drawing upon self-perception theory and the technology acceptance model (TAM), a research model is developed and tested using questionnaires and, partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling (SEM). The results suggest that the perceived tie by users between print resources and electronic resources positively moderates the transfer of ease of use from print to electronic, while negatively moderating the transfer of usefulness from print to electronic.


      PubDate: 2013-06-15T12:54:06Z
       
  • Secondary teachers and information literacy (IL): Teacher understanding
           and perceptions of IL in the classroom
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jorden K. Smith
      Secondary teachers have the opportunity and the curriculum mandates to teach information literacy skills, yet students enter post-secondary studies with low information literacy proficiency. In many cases, teachers present the only opportunity for students to develop information literacy proficiency. With semi-structured interviews, this study explored eight secondary teachers' perceptions of information literacy and their experiences with IL as educational professionals. Confusion around the phrase information literacy was a dominant theme as participants were unfamiliar with the term and were inconsistent in defining the scope of what it might mean. Although there are references to information literacy skills in the core curriculum and support documents, participants varied in their instruction and understanding of this skill set. Participants unanimously agreed that information literacy skills, as explained using the Association of College and Research Libraries Information Literacy Standards for Higher Education (ACRL, 2000), were important for their students. However, the extent of IL skills required varied by student. Pursuing post-secondary studies warranted advanced IL, and these students were more likely to be taught higher-level skills. IL skill development was also assumed to be the responsibility of the student, and passive acquisition was anticipated. Assumptions regarding student need and ability informed instruction. These results suggest that the current curricular mandates are insufficient to ensure IL is incorporated into instruction and that teachers are ill-prepared to instruct IL effectively.


      PubDate: 2013-06-12T01:22:37Z
       
  • Hiding in plain sight: Paratextual utterances as tools for
           information-related research and practice
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jen Pecoskie , Nadine Desrochers
      Through a qualitative content analysis of a purposive sample (the 2010 finalists of the Canadian Governor General's Literary Awards in both French and English), this study investigates what information can be gleaned from the book-as-object using peritext as a research tool. Using the theories of Gérard Genette, who defined the paratext, and Pierre Bourdieu, this research posits that paratextual utterances serve as an expression and tool of the cultural realm of publication and can be used for informational purposes in library and information science (LIS) research and practice. Findings indicate that the peritext is a rich source for gathering information about authorship and publishing as it reveals contextually relevant information, shares the author's informational tools, constructs the author, markets titles, and provides relevant information for specific age groups and genres. Discussion centers on the impact for libraries and the LIS community, with a focus on readers' advisory.


      PubDate: 2013-06-12T01:22:37Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: April 2013
      Publication year: 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 35, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2013-03-16T00:54:38Z
       
  • Hypotheses—An overview
    • Abstract: Available online 23 February 2013
      Publication year: 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research




      PubDate: 2013-02-23T13:28:48Z
       
  • Information literacy proficiency: Assessing the gap in high school
           students' readiness for undergraduate academic work
    • Abstract: Available online 8 February 2013
      Publication year: 2013
      Source:Library & Information Science Research

      This study examines how high school students' information literacy (IL) skills prepare them for academic work in the digital age. The project included: (a) an audit of university IL practices; and (b) the administration of the James Madison University (JMU) Information Literacy Test (ILT) to 103 twelfth grade students in Alberta, Canada. Due to the low stakes of the test, there was concern about the reliability of the results. Rapid guessing, response time effort, and motivation filters were applied to confirm the reliability of the results. Results indicate a gap between expectations of high school students and their skills. Using a standardized test, potential incoming undergraduate IL proficiency was identified, including student strengths and weaknesses. The audit identified IL policies and practices at the university, indicating discrepancies in the IL instruction students may receive. Findings indicate that students lack the IL proficiency required to succeed in the post-secondary educational environment, and the libraries are not prepared to effectively address this gap.
      Highlights ► An information literacy (IL) audit was conducted at a Canadian research university. ► The James Madison University IL Test was administered to high school students. ► Results indicated low participant IL proficiency. ► Students entering post-secondary studies are not prepared for academic work.

      PubDate: 2013-02-11T10:13:51Z
       
 
 
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