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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1356  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3161 journals]
  • Entertainment media and the information practices of queer individuals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Diana Floegel, Kaitlin L. Costello While LIS literature addresses queer individuals' information practices in certain contexts, a gap exists in understanding interactions with entertainment media (EM), which can be broadly defined as fictional and creative non-fiction content such as movies and television. Ten semi-structured interviews with queer individuals and content analysis of EM resources using constructivist grounded theory found that participants viewed EM as a salient part of their identity-related information practices. In particular, participants engaged in discovery practices that included seeking, satisficing, and triangulation, and consumption practices that included validation, fact-finding, evaluation, and creation. Participants discussed the complex and contextual positive and negative attributes of queer-representative EM, as well as their experiences attempting to access such content in information institutions. Findings suggest ways in which knowledge workers may improve EM-related information systems and services to better assist queer individuals.
  • Mapping differences in access to public libraries by travel mode and time
           of day
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jeff Allen Public libraries strive to provide everyone in their surrounding communities the ability to access their information and services. However, previous research indicates that the closer someone lives to a library, the more likely they are to visit, while reduced proximity can dissuade or even prevent people from visiting. This study extends upon existing research on spatial access to libraries to detail a methodology for measuring how access can differ temporally, either by time of day or by the day of the week, as well as by available travel mode. This is exemplified in a case study of access to libraries in Regina, Canada, finding that those who are reliant on public transit have substantially less access to public libraries than those with a private car. Results also show that travelling to libraries during the morning, evening, or weekend takes longer, on average, than during weekday afternoons due to reduced opening hours.
  • Farewell and 2018 acknowledgements
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Candy Schwartz
  • Conceptualizing the information seeking of college students on the autism
           spectrum through participant viewpoint ethnography
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Nancy Everhart, Kristie L. Escobar Due to increased numbers of diagnoses, targeted programs and initiatives, more students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending college (Heflin & Isbell, 2012; Zager & Alpern, 2007) but academic librarians and their staffs have not been trained to optimally serve this growing population. Utilizing wayfinding, think aloud protocol (TAP), retrospective think aloud protocol (RTAP), and a wearable camera, the actions, thoughts and feelings of a student with ASD and a neurotypical peer are evidenced as they navigate their campus library in search of materials. The library website, virtual maps to resource locations, and library workers served equally as enablers and barriers to both students in their information seeking. This study demonstrates that participant viewpoint ethnography is a viable research methodology for both neurotypical college students and those with autism.
  • Different mysteries, different lore: An examination of inherited
           referencing behaviors in academic mentoring
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): S. Craig Finlay, Chaoqun Ni, Cassidy Sugimoto Library and information science (LIS) dissertations cite a wide variety of literature, reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field. A review of 76 LIS dissertations was undertaken to determine whether the disciplinary background of the dissertation adviser influences the citing behaviors of the dissertation author. Of the 76 dissertations, 38 were advised by individuals with a disciplinary background in LIS and 38 were advised by individuals with a disciplinary background outside of LIS. The Library of Congress subclass for each citation was determined according the venue of publication. The most cited authors overall and by each group were determined, as well as the percentage of citations to LIS literature over time. LIS-advised dissertations were found to have cited a wide variety of literature. The percentage of citations in LIS-advised dissertations to LIS literature has declined from a peak of 59% to 21%. Citations to the most-cited authors in each group were largely exclusive to the LIS-advised dissertations, and nonLIS-advised dissertations generally do not appear to cite the same bodies of academic literature.
  • Habitual wayfinding in academic libraries: Evidence from a liberal arts
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jiebei Luo Habitual wayfinding is a revised wayfinding model for academic libraries, where there is a high percentage of repeat users. Using the unique spatial characteristics of a specific academic library, this study explores the wayfinding patterns of repeat users and evaluates the impact of patrons' travel habits on their library space usage. The GIS tool ArcMap is employed to visualize library traffic and detect potential patterns of habitual wayfinding. The impact of habitual wayfinding behaviors on library space usage is analyzed. Findings suggest that travel habits formed through past frequent actions can lead to consistent navigation preferences toward certain function units and significant usage differences even within the same function unit in a library. In addition to proposing this modified wayfinding framework and studying its relevance in explaining library space usage patterns, this study also makes a methodological contribution through a novel approach of detecting potential traffic patterns by visualizing routing data and quantifying its details at the route segment level. The framework, methodology, and findings have important implications for understanding space use in academic libraries and can be valuable to libraries considering conducting space evaluation and space rearrangement projects.
  • Quality and clarity of health information on Q&A sites
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Samuel Kai Wah Chu, Hong Huang, Wendy Nga Man Wong, Wouter F. van Ginneken, Kendra M. Wu, Miu Yan Hung This study investigated the quality and clarity of health information from a total of 238 (126 English and 112 Chinese) answers retrieved from Yahoo!Answers sites. Registered nurses and library professionals judged information quality based on 8 criteria: accuracy, completeness, relevance, readability, verifiability, professional advice, usefulness and non-commercialization. Writing clarity was assessed through rhetorical structure analysis. Results showed that 46% of answers were of poor quality. Furthermore, many Q&A site users were unable to distinguish adequately between high- and low-quality answers. Only 60% of their selected best-answers corresponded to those of the health professionals. These results indicate that the reliability of health information on Q&A sites is questionable. This unreliability may partially be due to the fact that Q&A site answers contain both medical information and social support. Although both are important, they are not always compatible. It may even be dangerous to mistakenly present social support as objective medical information. This research suggests that medical advice and social support should be separated. This has a further advantage in that medical advice could be subjected to stringent, necessary quality assurance measures, without interfering with social support.
  • What the framework means to me: Attitudes of academic librarians toward
           the ACRL framework for information literacy for higher education
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Melissa Gross, Don Latham, Heidi Julien Findings from in-depth interviews with academic librarians reveal initial perceptions of the value of the new Association of College and Research Libraries' Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education and information about individual experiences in implementing the framework into information literacy skills instruction. Fifteen academic librarians, recruited through the ILI-L listserv, participated in Skype interviews that averaged 50 min in length. Participants shared that the Framework has had an impact on their teaching, helps them to better articulate the role of the librarian and the concept of information literacy, supports collaboration with faculty, and presents new empirical research opportunities for academic librarians. At the same time, acceptance of the Framework by librarians has not been universal, implementing the Framework into one-shot information literacy instruction is difficult, and full implementation of the Framework may require a restructuring of how information literacy education is approached.
  • How we done it good: Research through design as a legitimate methodology
           for librarianship
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Rachel Ivy Clarke “How we done it good” publications—a genre concerning project-based approaches that describe how (and sometimes why) something was done—are often rebuked in the library research community for lacking traditional scientific validity, reliability, and generalizability. While scientific methodologies may be a common approach to research and inquiry, they are not the only methodological paradigms. This research posits that the how we done it good paradigm in librarianship reflects a valid and legitimate approach to research. By drawing on the concept of research through design, this study shows how these how we done it good projects reflect design methodologies which draw rigor from process, invention, relevance, and extensibility rather than replicability, generalizability, and predictability. Although these projects implicitly reflect research through design, the methodology is not yet explicitly harnessed in librarianship. More support for these types of projects can be achieved by making the legitimate design framework more explicit and increasing support from publication venues.
  • Process mining applied on library information systems: A case study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Elia Kouzari, Ioannis Stamelos Process mining techniques have already been studied in a wide range of sectors, revealing useful information on the processes. In this study, a five-step methodology is applied to an integrated library system (ILS) for the first time. Given two event logs from two different organizations the ILS, a process mining tool is used for process discovery and data analysis. The findings reveal that although both of the organizations were using the same system, there were differences in the activities, sequences, and approaches followed by each one in daily tasks. The results of this kind of analysis can be used to highlight best practices and improve processes. In addition process model comparisons can then be made across various systems and organizations.
  • Children's help-seeking behaviors and effects of domain knowledge in using
           Google and Query formulation and results evaluation stages
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Hyejung Han Effective information seeking in IR systems is difficult for children because the designs of such systems do not reflect their needs and searching behaviors. A study of 30 8- to 10-year-old children explored help-seeking behaviors and use of help features when they formulated search queries and evaluated search results in IR systems. Data collection methods included performance-based domain knowledge quizzes as direct measurement, domain knowledge self-assessments as indirect measurement, questionnaires, think-aloud protocols, observations, and interviews. Open coding analysis, descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis were used to analyze children's help-seeking situations, types of help features used and desired, and the effect of domain knowledge on help-seeking situations and use of help features when they formulated keywords and evaluated search results in Google and Findings suggest that children encountered help-seeking situations when they formulated search queries and evaluated results. Also they used help features when they formulated keywords and evaluated search results in using Google and and suggested help features that they would have liked to have had. Finally, children's domain knowledge affected their help-seeking situations when they formulated keywords and use of help features when they evaluated search results. This study provides valuable information to systems designers.
  • Does research using qualitative methods (grounded theory, ethnography, and
           phenomenology) have more impact'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Hamid R. Jamali In spite of the increasing use of qualitative research methods in library and information studies, it is unclear whether using qualitative methods (grounded theory, ethnography, and phenomenology) results in an above average impact in library and information science (LIS). Articles using any of the three qualitative methods published from 2003 to 2013 and indexed in Web of Science in the category of “Information Science & Library Science” (N = 299) were studied. The number of citations and Mendeley readers for each article was compared to the other articles published in the same journal and same volume using mean normalised rank (rank-1/articles-1). The results showed no statistically significant difference between the citation rates of qualitative articles with those of other articles. Qualitative articles on average had a smaller Mendeley readership than the other articles did and the difference was statistically significant. Given the increasing interest in qualitative methods, it is suggested that LIS schools in their education programs and journals in their editorial policies should put more emphasis on issues related to the rigour of qualitative research.
  • Developing the methodological toolbox for information literacy research:
           Grounded theory and visual research methods
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Alison Hicks The growing complexity of information environments calls for a reconsideration of the ways in which grounded theory method is employed within library and information science (LIS). This methodological discussion explores the synergies between grounded theory, information literacy and visual research to establish a research agenda for the extension of grounded theory method within LIS. The discussion draws upon recent theoretical and methodological advances to outline the challenges and opportunities of the proposed shift in focus for the development of a LIS researchers methodological toolbox. The ongoing exploration of grounded theory method is vital for the creation of richer and more complex theorising about the ways in which people engage with information within evolving settings and spaces.
  • 1 &rft.title=Library+&+Information+Science+Research&rft.issn=0740-8188&">Exploring the experiences of academic libraries with research data
           management: A meta-ethnographic analysis of qualitative studies 1
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Laure Perrier, Erik Blondal, Heather MacDonald Taking on responsibilities in research data management (RDM) has proven to be a significant challenge as libraries have adopted new roles within higher education institutions. A qualitative review using the meta-ethnographic approach was conducted that examined the experiences of academic libraries and provided clarity on contextual influences associated with achievements, as well as illuminating the reasons for deficiencies. Libraries experienced uncertainty around roles and relationships related to RDM yet were recognized positively as a neutral, centralized space within academic institutions. This perception, combined with the current approach of fostering partnerships and collaborations, may prove to be useful for libraries as they strategically consider how best to provide continued support and services in RDM. Understanding the perspectives of academic libraries on how they respond and support the demands related to RDM offers a fuller, more robust insight that is essential for planning and decision-making.
  • Reading as a lifeline among aging readers: Findings from a qualitative
           interview study with older adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Paulette Rothbauer, Nicole Dalmer Older adults who identify as readers and choose to read for pleasure in their everyday lives are understudied despite the persistence and pervasiveness of this kind of reading. The phenomenology of reading and critical age studies inform this pilot project that uses in-depth interviews conducted with five readers who are between the ages of 75–90 years and who live in Canada. Data analysis followed principles of close reading and thematic analysis. Findings privilege the voices of the older readers and show how their experiences of reading can be analyzed using the metaphor of reading as a lifeline that, in turn, bridges with notions of resilience and embodied information practices. Reading for pleasure supports resilience and a reflective stance on life among older adults. The findings call for other researchers to engage more readily with older adults and will be of use to librarians and others who provide services, programs, and resources to older adult readers.
  • International graduate students in the United States: Research processes
           and challenges
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Amanda B. Click International students enrolled in graduate programs in the United States struggle with conducting academic research and can benefit from specialized library support. This qualitative study uses critical incident technique to explore how these students complete research assignments and use library and other resources in the process. Many participants described similar research processes, beginning with selecting a research topic and ending with cutting and pasting text from sources deemed to be useful. Two-thirds described using specific library resources—usually online resources—for their research. Some described broader research difficulties, such as coming up with a good idea, and others struggled with more specific skills like data analysis. Half of the participants had received some sort of library instruction, but they did not have particularly positive responses to these sessions. The findings of this study may be of use to academic librarians who wish to better understand international students and improve research support for this user population.
  • Historical case study: A research strategy for diachronic analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Michael M. Widdersheim History and case study are two diachronic research strategies commonly used to study political discourse as it relates to public libraries. Though suitable for some studies, these strategies are inexhaustive. A new, blended research strategy is therefore needed to accomplish what history and case study alone cannot. This hybrid strategy, historical case study, must analyze cases from the distant past to the present, using eclectic data sources, in order to produce both idiographic and nomothetic knowledge. To develop historical case study, the universal components of diachronic analysis are first identified. A general research design for historical case study is then introduced. Finally, historical case study is tested in an actual research project. Findings from this project reveal that historical case study is a successful diachronic research strategy. Historical case study is a new and valuable research design suitable for addressing questions related to change, continuity, development, and evolution.
  • “We've no problem inheriting that knowledge on to other people”:
           Exploring the characteristics of motivation for attending a participatory
           archives event
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Amber L. Cushing While cultural heritage institutions increasingly use participatory events to draw in new audiences, little is known about what motivates participants to attend these events. Twenty semi-structured interviews with 29 individuals who attended one of three Inspiring Ireland 1916 public collection days were conducted in order to explore participants' motivations for attending the event and perceived benefits. A participatory archives event, the collection days invited members of the public to bring relevant possessions to be digitally captured and have their story of the item recorded. The stories and items were then made available on the Inspiring Ireland website commemorating the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin, Ireland. While participatory initiatives have enjoyed increasing attention in the archives literature of late, much of this work attempts to define terms or model behaviours from the perspective of the archivists. Little existing work attempts to explore the motivations of individuals to participate in these events using empirical methods. Findings suggest motivations for attending a collection day can be characterised across four characteristics that can be categorised as aligning with individual or communal perception of benefits: A) to share their story and provide evidence in order to influence the contemporary narrative of the Rising (individual benefit), B) to relieve the burdens of preservation and remembering (individual benefit), C) to find out more about the object or context of the object (individual benefit), and D) to share their object via the open access features of the Inspiring Ireland website as a way to fulfil a civic duty and support a public good (communal benefit). These findings contradict existing literature about the purpose for engaging in participatory initiatives (to pluralise collections) and assumptions about why individuals are motivated to engage (altruistic, intrinsic motivation). Further exploration of the concept of communal versus individual perceived benefit could influence the ways in which cultural heritage institutions justify their role in society. The concept of an archival user is evolving. Understanding how participation can be considered use will help institutions develop a more holistic understanding of use in contemporary settings.
  • Search systems and their features: What college students use to find and
           save information
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Hassan Zamir, Yuan Li, Samantha K. Hastings College students have often been surveyed about their general information seeking behaviors. However, little has been done to explore what specific system features they use to find and save information when they are working on their real-life tasks. In this study, 32 college students were invited to an information interaction lab for a session in which they recalled a recently finished task and worked on a to-be-finished task using a computer in the lab. They were asked to complete questionnaires regarding what systems they used to finish their tasks and what features were helpful for searching and for saving information. Results showed that college students rely more heavily on the Internet sources than on library sources, even for their course related work. The study identified fourteen categories of system features helpful for information search and eight categories helpful for information saving. The findings have implications for designing systems that will better help people accomplish their tasks.
  • Factors influencing undergraduate use of e-books: A mixed methods study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Devendra Potnis, Kanchan Deosthali, Xiaohua Zhu, Rebecca McCusker Academic libraries invest millions of dollars to make electronic resources such as e-books available to students for free. However, free access might not necessarily result in students' sustained interest in and use of e-books. This interdisciplinary, mixed methods research investigates the factors influencing the intention of 279 undergraduate students to use e-books at a land-grant university in the southern US. Structural equation modeling of the survey responses suggests that organizational environment for information technology, external locus of control, subjective norm, perceived enjoyment (i.e., joyfulness), and information technology features play a significant role in influencing the intention of students to use e-books. Based on a combination of quantitative results and qualitative findings, this study identifies eight activities that libraries need to undertake in order to increase the use of e-books by undergraduate students.
  • Attitudes and practices of Canadian academic librarians regarding library
           and online privacy: A national study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Nikki Tummon, Dawn McKinnon Libraries have always been places where individuals feel free to explore new ideas and seek out information in the pursuit of creative and intellectual growth. Fear of exposure or surveillance could threaten an individual's inclination to search for and access information. Understandably then, privacy is understood to be a core professional responsibility of librarians. This study builds on a national report and a qualitative study, completed in the United States, which explored librarians' attitudes on privacy. Adding a Canadian voice to the literature, this study examines survey results from academic librarians in Canada on their perceptions and attitudes related to library practices and online privacy behaviors. Overall, Canadian academic librarians believe that protecting patron privacy and educating patrons about issues related to online privacy is important. However, many Canadian academic librarians doubt that libraries are doing all they can to protect patron privacy. Academic librarians stand to gain knowledge and understanding of peer attitudes toward online privacy, as well as how patron privacy is being advocated for and protected on university campuses across Canada. The results will guide future library policies and programming aimed at creating an environment where privacy rights are protected and patrons can make informed choices about their online actions.
  • A model to explain information seeking behaviour by individuals in the
           response phase of a disaster
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Barbara Ryan This Australian study establishes a model that provides a foundation for communication channels and tools selection by agencies in the post-warning response phase of a disaster. The model, developed from disaster and information seeking literature, attempts to predict information source and channel selection by people after their community has received a warning for a disaster. It provides the coding framework for analysis of 51 semi-structured interviews with disaster-affected Australians. The interviews tested the model for accommodation of channels and sources that people chose, found most useful, and used most in bushfire, slow flood, flash flood, and cyclone situations. The order of initial sources was investigated and preliminary information seeking pathways established across disaster types. The disaster information seeking model supports this investigation of information seeking behaviour, though improvements are suggested. The resulting model could guide agency response communication for different disaster types.
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