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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1496  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188 - ISSN (Online) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3204 journals]
  • “I'm in sheer survival mode”: Information behaviour and affective
           experiences of early career academics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 March 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Rebekah Willson, Lisa M. Given
  • Households' public library use across the school calendar
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Gregory Gilpin, Anton Bekkerman
  • The competitive intelligence diamond model with the approach to standing
           on the shoulders of giants
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 March 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Narges Oraee, Azam Sanatjoo, Mohamad Reza Ahanchian
  • Mixed methods research in library and information science: A
           methodological review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Vera Granikov, Quan Nha Hong, Emily Crist, Pierre Pluye
  • LISR: Your source for innovative methods and theoretical frameworks in LIS
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s):
  • Towards better information services: A framework for immigrant information
           needs and library services
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 February 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Chunying Wang, Ruhua Huang, Jiyuan Li, Jiangping ChenAbstractImmigrants are among the populations in modern society that libraries are striving to serve. This study aims to develop a framework on immigrants, their information needs, and library services. Using a systematic literature review based on the grounded theory approach, 28 related articles were reviewed to identify the causes, characteristics, and the content of the information needs of immigrants. Also explored were the possible sources to satisfy these information needs and the barriers to accessing needed information. Findings indicate that personal social networks, the Internet, media sources, and institutions are the main information sources for immigrants; language, cultural differences, the digital divide, unfamiliar information systems, and psychological factors are the five major challenges for immigrants obtaining information. Based on the findings, a unified framework about immigrants, their information needs, sources to satisfy those needs, and library information services is, therefore, proposed. This framework may provide guidance for libraries and other information service agencies to better develop services and information systems for immigrants.
  • Play-and-learn spaces: Leveraging library spaces to promote caregiver and
           child interaction
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Brenna Hassinger-Das, Jennifer M. Zosh, Nicole Hansen, Meghan Talarowski, Kate Zmich, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-PasekAbstractModern libraries are reimagining their spaces as more than repositories for books. The Play-and-Learn Spaces project married developmental science with the changing nature of 21st century libraries. The study asked if it is possible to augment learning in informal spaces using the built environment to encourage discourse and interaction. For this project, the library space was reconstructed such that a corner became a climbing wall on which children could create words by following varied paths up the wall's letter-filled surface. Seating was transformed into large movable “Tangram”-type pieces and a stage, complete with magnetic words, invited children to create stories on the wall and complete story-related activities through socio-dramatic play. Using naturalistic observation, results demonstrated that the use of the Play-and-Learn spaces was associated with increases in the kinds of caregiver and child conversation and interaction known to support language, literacy and STEM skills. These results suggest that libraries can become part of a new learning culture that impacts city residents at the places they naturally go.
  • The influence of information cascades on online reading behaviors of free
           and paid e-books
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 January 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Qihua Liu, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yiran LiAbstractOnline reading platforms offer an ideal environment for the emergence of information cascades, a phenomenon where user selection is heavily driven by the information inferred from others' behavior. Prior research has mainly focused on the effect of information cascades on free e-books. The purpose of this study is to empirically test and compare the effect of informational cascades on online reading behaviors of free and paid e-books. Two 114-day panel data sets covering 1548 free e-books and 362 paid e-books were collected from, a well-known online reading platform in China. Results suggest that online users' choice was significantly affected by book ranking after controlling for cumulative clicks and word-of-mouth (WOM) volume, whether they are free e-books or paid e-books, as predicted by information cascades theory. Review volume has no effect on the clicks of free and paid e-books with higher ranking, whereas it does exert a positive effect on the clicks of free and paid e-books with lower ranking. Information cascades are more salient for paid e-books than for free e-books. These findings not only offer important theoretical contributions for library and information science research, but also provide practical implications for online readers, content creators and managers.
  • Developing the tasks-toward-transparency (T3) model for research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2020Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Liz Lyon, Wei Jeng, Eleanor MatternAn increasingly data-intensive research environment has highlighted the need for greater research transparency to facilitate integrity and trust in open science and in the conduct of research more widely. The initial findings of faculty researchers' behaviors and practices toward research transparency, using the research data lifecycle as a grounding framework are reported. Four focus group sessions were conducted with faculty researchers in different disciplines, including natural sciences, social sciences, engineering, and different transparency practices were captured using the researchers' own language. Four generic transparency components were identified: action verb, object, task, and stage in the research lifecycle. The inter-relationships between specific transparency components were visualized using network visualizations. The network visualizations suggest that the lifecycle stages of Process/Visualize/Analyze and Publish/Preserve/Archive are key points for transparency, where ‘data’ play a critical role demonstrated by the multiple node-edge relationships. Based on the findings, a conceptual model, termed the Tasks-Toward-Transparency (T3) Model, was developed. This model may inform researcher practices and support research stakeholders whose role is to articulate and deliver transparency advocacy, policy, training programs, and services.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Understanding librarians’ knowledge sharing behavior: The role of
           organizational climate, motivational drives and leadership empowerment
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Mojtaba Kaffashan Kakhki, Alireza Hadadian, Ehsan Namdar Joyame, Nargess Malakooti AslAbstractLibrary managers in Iran have always been concerned with a low level of knowledge sharing among librarians. Identifying effective factors on librarians' knowledge sharing behavior helps us to understand and improve the situation. Organizational factors are one group of these factors. The effect of organizational climate, employees' motivational drives, and leadership empowerment on the subjective norms, attitude, intention, and knowledge sharing behavior among librarians in public libraries in Iran was studied. A conceptual model was designed in light of the Theory of Reasoned Action. Ten hypotheses were formulated. Data were collected by using a questionnaire and were analyzed using structural equations models. The findings showed that constructive organizational climate and positive motivational drives in public libraries, as well as personal and organizational knowledge sources strengthened by the librarians' ability of leadership have a positive and significant effect on subjective norms, attitude, intention, and knowledge sharing behavior. Such conditions facilitate the process of knowledge sharing in public library environments. Moreover, the study highlights the effect of the librarians' leadership empowerment on their attitude to knowledge sharing behavior by motivational drives.
  • Heigh-ho, heigh-ho, to the rural libraries we go! - a systematic
           literature review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Samsul Farid Samsuddin, Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril, Ali FauziAbstractAs a learning center, rural library initiatives aim to provide rural communities with access to a wealth of reliable and readily available information. Changes in user behavior correspond with the changes in the way instructional programs are delivered to meet the rural library users' needs. Guided by the RAMESES review method, a systematic review identified 30 related studies throughout Scopus and Web of Science databases. Seven main themes emerged: roles, services, use, sources, activities, challenges, and impacts. The seven themes produced a total of 30 sub-themes. In-depth qualitative studies of rural library services, and needs analyses of rural communities are recommended.
  • Managing the “backend” of LIS research projects: A project
           management perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Devendra Dilip Potnis, Bhakti GalaAbstractThere is very little guidance in library and information science (LIS) literature about how researchers should manage the scope, time, costs, quality, human resources, communications, and risks associated with LIS research projects. To fill this gap, researchers tested the utility of project management principles (PMP) for planning and managing a project designed to enhance the information, digital, and financial literacy of the people earning less than $2 per day in India. The customization of PMP through 29 mechanisms and 60 action items was used to conduct focus groups and in-person surveys with over 150 participants, in their native language, at 10 public libraries. PMP were most helpful for managing risks (13 solutions), communications (11 solutions), and human resources (10 solutions) of the project and treating participants ethically. PMP developed in the West were helpful before, during, and after data collection in the LIS research project in a developing country.
  • Nonprofit public libraries and technical efficiency: An application of
           data envelopment analysis to technology-based outputs
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Salomon Alcocer GuajardoAbstractNonprofit public libraries (NPPLs) with technically efficient production functions attain greater program and service outputs per registered user in comparison to peers with less efficient production functions. An output-oriented nondiscretionary data envelopment analysis (DEA) model with variable returns-to-scale is used to assess the technical efficiency of 339 NPPLs in the United States (US) in attaining electronic-, physical-, and Internet-based program and service outputs. Based on the output-oriented DEA analysis, 46% of the NPPLs are technically efficient in producing program and service outputs per registered user. On average, US NPPLs are moderately inefficient in attaining their program and service outputs. The DEA analysis also reveals that the inefficient NPPLs should increase their electronic, physical, and Internet service levels per registered user to achieve technical efficiency as annual input levels are held constant.
  • Acknowledgements 2019
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 4Author(s):
  • More than a shelter: Public libraries and the information needs of people
           experiencing homelessness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Louise Dowdell, Chern Li LiewAbstractHow public library policies, practices and services support the information needs of people experiencing homelessness was investigated using a qualitative-phenomenological design. Data were collected through semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with four homeless participants and seven librarians from four public library networks from a particular New Zealand region. The findings revealed that while none of the participating libraries had policies or services that were targeted at homelessness individuals, the libraries were perceived as providing services that largely met the information needs of their homeless patrons even if there were areas for improvement. It was noted that libraries could provide services that contribute to the strengthening of cultural identity and that policies and services should take relevant socio-cultural contexts into consideration. The findings inform public library policies and practices so that services could be developed and improved in order to enable equitable and effective use by homeless individuals, without unnecessarily segregating this user group.
  • Personal factors and personal information activities behaviors of faculty
           in selected universities in Ghana
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Antonia Bernadette Donkor, Williams E. NwagwuAbstractThis study examined how demographic characteristics of faculty influence their personal information activities behaviors, namely information creation, information organization, and information storage. Data was collected from a sample of 235 faculty in six universities in Ghana using a questionnaire. Age, gender, rank and university of affiliation predicted personal information activities behaviors in different directions and with different magnitudes. Gender made a difference in information organization and information storage while age made a difference in respect of information creation and information organization only. Faculty ages 4049 years created information the most, followed by those above 50 years. Males stored information more than females. Rank made a difference in information creation, organization and storage, but university of affiliation made a difference in information creation and information storage, and not information organization. It is common among information system designers and managers to implement information management systems without considering the differential influence of personal variables on human information behaviors. This omission denies information users adequate access and maximum use of the information in their information space. Institutional leaders and PIM systems designers should consider demographic and other personal factors of faculty in information literacy programs. Profiling of users' personal characteristics when designing personal information management systems will enhance maximum access and utilisation of personal information.
  • Older adults' health information behavior in everyday life settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Wonchan ChoiAbstractHealth information seeking is an important part of older adults' everyday lives as they cope with their health conditions. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 21 older adults in the United States were analyzed using Savolainen's everyday life information seeking (ELIS) model, especially its key concepts such as way of life and mastery of life. The interview data revealed that except for health care providers, a spouse or partner was mentioned as a credible interpersonal source of health information among older adults in a marital or romantic relationship. Characteristics of older adults' health information behavior in the ELIS context were identified based on types of way of life and mastery of life. For example, those who had more varied types of hobbies, including cognitive, affective, and social hobbies, were exposed to diverse people as they performed their daily routine, potentially resulting in different sources of useful health information. In couple relationships, those with an optimistic as opposed to pessimistic attitude toward a problem-solving situation played the information provider role rather than information receiver role.
  • Understanding relevance judgment in the view of perceived value
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jianping Liu, Jian Wang, Guomin ZhouAbstractWhile researchers have explored and proposed dozens of user relevance judgment criteria (RJC) in various situations, there is a lack of empirical research on the effects of RJC on user relevance judgment and how. The study sought to develop relations between RJC and situational relevance (SR) via four perceived values, epistemic value, functional value, conditional value, and social value, by introducing multi-factors perceived value (PV) theory and structural equation modeling (SEM). The study developed a RJC model basing on multi-factors PV and derived seven hypotheses to be verified. The data of the use of RJC and self-estimation of PVs from 453 people who were all participants of a national data sharing competition were collected by questionnaire, and then were verified and analyzed by SEM to test the hypotheses. The results verify the effectiveness of four PVs on SR with different levels. Meanwhile, it also suggests that RJC can function as the measurements of PVs and reduce RJC as well. Based on the above process, the study puts forward a new definition of SR based on four information values and verifies the SR judgment model—information value-utility model. The research provides theoretical basis and measurement dimensions for understanding and measuring SR. Finally, the theoretical and practical implications of this study are discussed.
  • The citation impact of information behavior theories in scholarly
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Brady D. LundAbstractTheories of information behavior have been developed and used in a variety of disciplines to describe the needs, seeking/search/sharing behaviors, and uses of information among individuals and groups in a variety of contexts. While the development of a theory is a complex, evolutionary process, often involving many thinkers over a long period of time, there is generally a single or small group of publications that can be pointed to as the genesis of a theory. The genesis publications for information behavior theories were examined to determine the information behavior theories receiving the most direct citations in scholarly literature. The findings of this study may be beneficial to library and information science researchers in identifying influential and growing theories of information behavior for incorporation as the foundation of their own research.
  • Gender perspective on information literacy: An interdisciplinary and
           multidimensional analysis within higher education settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): María Pinto, Dora Sales, Rosaura Fernández-PascualAbstractGender is a sociological variable that needs further attention in information literacy studies. This research uses a multidimensional subjective-objective approach to examine the gender differences in the information literacy learning process in a sample of students from different social sciences degree courses at five Spanish universities. Surveys are used to measure the belief in importance (BI) and self-efficacy (SE) they assign to a series of basic information competencies, grouped into the categories of searching, evaluation, processing and communication-dissemination, as well as the levels of actual knowledge (KN) they have about them. Non-parametric methods and factor analysis are used to evaluate the gender similarities and differences. Latent structures show no relevant differences by gender in perceptions (BI and SE), but different patterns are found in knowledge (KN) regarding the acquisition of the key information competencies. To overcome possible stereotypes and contribute to the construction of an all-inclusive perspective that fosters an awareness of the value of equality, it is necessary to incorporate the gender perspective in information and knowledge management studies. There is still little research in this field, and this study opens some paths for further works.
  • Understanding everyday life information seeking behavior in the context of
           coping with daily hassles: A grounded theory study of female students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Nilofar Barahmand, Maryam Nakhoda, Fatima Fahimnia, Mahin NazariAbstractStudying everyday life information seeking (ELIS) in a variety of contexts contributes to its conceptual development. The primary goal of this study was to understand ELIS in the context of female university students' coping with daily hassles. To identify the dimensions and determinants of ELIS, and to fill this current gap in the literature, a grounded theory study was conducted using Flick's stages of episodic interviewing with 21 Iranian female first-year university students. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through open, axial and selective coding. The findings showed that ELIS in coping with daily hassles is a multidimensional phenomenon that is affected by individuals' characteristics and sociocultural norms and values. Three main categories emerged as determinants of ELIS, namely normative status of the daily hassles, normative status of the information resources, and the individual's characteristics. Two main categories emerged as dimensions of ELIS which were type and strategy of action. Results of this study can contribute to the conceptual development of ELIS and may indicate how and in what circumstances ELIS dimensions emerge. The findings can also be used as a basis for developing information and intervention services in the context of coping with daily hassles.
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Heriot-Watt University
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