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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1256  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • International graduate students in the United States: Research processes
           and challenges
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Amanda B. Click International students enrolled in graduate programs in the United States struggle with conducting academic research and can benefit from specialized library support. This qualitative study uses critical incident technique to explore how these students complete research assignments and use library and other resources in the process. Many participants described similar research processes, beginning with selecting a research topic and ending with cutting and pasting text from sources deemed to be useful. Two-thirds described using specific library resources—usually online resources—for their research. Some described broader research difficulties, such as coming up with a good idea, and others struggled with more specific skills like data analysis. Half of the participants had received some sort of library instruction, but they did not have particularly positive responses to these sessions. The findings of this study may be of use to academic librarians who wish to better understand international students and improve research support for this user population.
  • Historical case study: A research strategy for diachronic analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Michael M. Widdersheim History and case study are two diachronic research strategies commonly used to study political discourse as it relates to public libraries. Though suitable for some studies, these strategies are inexhaustive. A new, blended research strategy is therefore needed to accomplish what history and case study alone cannot. This hybrid strategy, historical case study, must analyze cases from the distant past to the present, using eclectic data sources, in order to produce both idiographic and nomothetic knowledge. To develop historical case study, the universal components of diachronic analysis are first identified. A general research design for historical case study is then introduced. Finally, historical case study is tested in an actual research project. Findings from this project reveal that historical case study is a successful diachronic research strategy. Historical case study is a new and valuable research design suitable for addressing questions related to change, continuity, development, and evolution.
  • “We've no problem inheriting that knowledge on to other people”:
           Exploring the characteristics of motivation for attending a participatory
           archives event
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Amber L. Cushing While cultural heritage institutions increasingly use participatory events to draw in new audiences, little is known about what motivates participants to attend these events. Twenty semi-structured interviews with 29 individuals who attended one of three Inspiring Ireland 1916 public collection days were conducted in order to explore participants' motivations for attending the event and perceived benefits. A participatory archives event, the collection days invited members of the public to bring relevant possessions to be digitally captured and have their story of the item recorded. The stories and items were then made available on the Inspiring Ireland website commemorating the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin, Ireland. While participatory initiatives have enjoyed increasing attention in the archives literature of late, much of this work attempts to define terms or model behaviours from the perspective of the archivists. Little existing work attempts to explore the motivations of individuals to participate in these events using empirical methods. Findings suggest motivations for attending a collection day can be characterised across four characteristics that can be categorised as aligning with individual or communal perception of benefits: A) to share their story and provide evidence in order to influence the contemporary narrative of the Rising (individual benefit), B) to relieve the burdens of preservation and remembering (individual benefit), C) to find out more about the object or context of the object (individual benefit), and D) to share their object via the open access features of the Inspiring Ireland website as a way to fulfil a civic duty and support a public good (communal benefit). These findings contradict existing literature about the purpose for engaging in participatory initiatives (to pluralise collections) and assumptions about why individuals are motivated to engage (altruistic, intrinsic motivation). Further exploration of the concept of communal versus individual perceived benefit could influence the ways in which cultural heritage institutions justify their role in society. The concept of an archival user is evolving. Understanding how participation can be considered use will help institutions develop a more holistic understanding of use in contemporary settings.
  • Search systems and their features: What college students use to find and
           save information
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Hassan Zamir, Yuan Li, Samantha K. Hastings College students have often been surveyed about their general information seeking behaviors. However, little has been done to explore what specific system features they use to find and save information when they are working on their real-life tasks. In this study, 32 college students were invited to an information interaction lab for a session in which they recalled a recently finished task and worked on a to-be-finished task using a computer in the lab. They were asked to complete questionnaires regarding what systems they used to finish their tasks and what features were helpful for searching and for saving information. Results showed that college students rely more heavily on the Internet sources than on library sources, even for their course related work. The study identified fourteen categories of system features helpful for information search and eight categories helpful for information saving. The findings have implications for designing systems that will better help people accomplish their tasks.
  • Factors influencing undergraduate use of e-books: A mixed methods study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Devendra Potnis, Kanchan Deosthali, Xiaohua Zhu, Rebecca McCusker Academic libraries invest millions of dollars to make electronic resources such as e-books available to students for free. However, free access might not necessarily result in students' sustained interest in and use of e-books. This interdisciplinary, mixed methods research investigates the factors influencing the intention of 279 undergraduate students to use e-books at a land-grant university in the southern US. Structural equation modeling of the survey responses suggests that organizational environment for information technology, external locus of control, subjective norm, perceived enjoyment (i.e., joyfulness), and information technology features play a significant role in influencing the intention of students to use e-books. Based on a combination of quantitative results and qualitative findings, this study identifies eight activities that libraries need to undertake in order to increase the use of e-books by undergraduate students.
  • Attitudes and practices of Canadian academic librarians regarding library
           and online privacy: A national study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Nikki Tummon, Dawn McKinnon Libraries have always been places where individuals feel free to explore new ideas and seek out information in the pursuit of creative and intellectual growth. Fear of exposure or surveillance could threaten an individual's inclination to search for and access information. Understandably then, privacy is understood to be a core professional responsibility of librarians. This study builds on a national report and a qualitative study, completed in the United States, which explored librarians' attitudes on privacy. Adding a Canadian voice to the literature, this study examines survey results from academic librarians in Canada on their perceptions and attitudes related to library practices and online privacy behaviors. Overall, Canadian academic librarians believe that protecting patron privacy and educating patrons about issues related to online privacy is important. However, many Canadian academic librarians doubt that libraries are doing all they can to protect patron privacy. Academic librarians stand to gain knowledge and understanding of peer attitudes toward online privacy, as well as how patron privacy is being advocated for and protected on university campuses across Canada. The results will guide future library policies and programming aimed at creating an environment where privacy rights are protected and patrons can make informed choices about their online actions.
  • A model to explain information seeking behaviour by individuals in the
           response phase of a disaster
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 2Author(s): Barbara Ryan This Australian study establishes a model that provides a foundation for communication channels and tools selection by agencies in the post-warning response phase of a disaster. The model, developed from disaster and information seeking literature, attempts to predict information source and channel selection by people after their community has received a warning for a disaster. It provides the coding framework for analysis of 51 semi-structured interviews with disaster-affected Australians. The interviews tested the model for accommodation of channels and sources that people chose, found most useful, and used most in bushfire, slow flood, flash flood, and cyclone situations. The order of initial sources was investigated and preliminary information seeking pathways established across disaster types. The disaster information seeking model supports this investigation of information seeking behaviour, though improvements are suggested. The resulting model could guide agency response communication for different disaster types.
  • Research methods: Information, systems, and context, 2nd ed., K.
           Williamson, G. Johanson (Eds.). Chandos, Cambridge, MA (2018), (xxxiii,
           644 p. ISBN: 978-0-08-102220-7 (print), ISBN; 978-0-08-102221-4 (e-book)
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Natalie Pang
  • Hybrid gatekeeping framework for value-added information services
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Suhyeon Yoo, Ji-Hong Park Information control processes designed to prioritize the most relevant information are important for enhancing the service experience of users. Gatekeeping is the process of filtering and disseminating information in online information services. This study investigates the effects of gatekeeping activities on information services and the resulting impact on the value of such services from a user's perspective in an information service environment characterized by online and offline transactions. Various hybrid gatekeeping activities are derived through focus group interviews with information services planners. A survey of information service users reveals values that could be obtained from the information services. The results of these two data gathering tools suggest an information service framework for hybrid environments. The findings enable the development of value-added information services for users through efficient information control in hybrid online and offline environments.
  • Account of methodologies and methods applied in LIS research: A systematic
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Ahsan Ullah, Kanwal Ameen The use of appropriate methodology is a necessary component of reliable and valid research. A comprehensive account of methods used in library and information science (LIS) research was conducted using quantitative systematic review. Exhaustive searching techniques were employed to gather relevant literature. Of this body of work, more than half did not develop or apply a taxonomy of methods. By contrast, this review used three taxonomies to categorize methods. The findings reveal that empirical, descriptive, and quantitative research methodologies were used in that majority of LIS research. Survey was the most widely research method and descriptive statistics were used by majority of LIS authors for data analysis. This review contributes a comprehensive list of methodologies and methods used in LIS research and can help to identify strengths and gaps in the use of methodology. Documentation of methods used in LIS research can help the research community make decisions about future practice in the areas of methods, measures, and reporting.
  • The use of self moderated focus groups to gather exploratory data on
           information beliefs and their impact on information seeking behaviour
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Rita Marcella The existence of an information belief system is tested for the first time through innovative use of self moderated focus groups. Initial generation of information beliefs was achieved in an open, unpredicted and unbiased way through focus groups. To remove researcher effect and promote informality in discussion, the researcher experimented with a novel approach - self moderated focus groups. A detailed study of 5 groups evaluates their effectiveness in encouraging free and spontaneous discussion and in eliciting unique information ideas or beliefs. Results show that self moderated focus groups encourage naturalistic discourse, take unpredictable directions and are fertile in uncovering unexpected beliefs. Disadvantages include lack of consistency and leader mirroring, with members adopting the style and tone of volunteer moderators. Consideration should be given to gender balance in group composition. The method is recommended where open and free flowing discussion is sought.
  • User wayfinding strategies in public library facilities
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Lauren H. Mandel, Kelly A. LeMeur An experiment in a public library demonstrates that Passini's conceptual framework of wayfinding can be applied to public library patron wayfinding behavior. Participants were asked to think aloud while completing prescribed wayfinding tasks. Findings indicate that library patrons use all five of Passini's strategies to varying degrees, supporting the need for further research testing this framework with library patrons. Participants were given varying level of details on Passini's strategies prior to completing the wayfinding tasks, and that intervention had no significant effect on the results.
  • Information literacy supporting student motivation and performance:
           Course-level analyses
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Michael Flierl, Emily Bonem, Clarence Maybee, Rachel Fundator Examining data from over 3000 students in 102 course sections across seven colleges of a large, public, research intensive university in the United States, this study investigates the relationships between information literacy (IL) and course-level academic performance and student perceptions of their learning environments. The results provide evidence of the following: 1) students who synthesize information and communicate the results tend to perceive higher levels of motivation than students who do so less often; 2) there is a significant positive relationship between synthesizing information and communicating the results and course level learning gains. The results point to the efficacy of IL being integrated into learning disciplinary course content, as well as the benefit of prioritizing high-order IL activities, such as synthesizing information, over other the aspects of IL, such as searching or formatting citations.
  • Holistic information behavior and the perceived success of work in
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Isto Huvila, Farhan Ahmad Surprisingly little is known about the relationship between perceived work success and information behavior. This study shows that holistic (versus organization-centric) information behavioral preferences are related to interaction and exchange oriented perceptions of the success of work. The findings were drawn from a partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) based analysis of the survey data (N = 305) collected from employees of a large multinational corporation. The findings suggest that holistic information behavior is more strongly related to social measures of success, whereas their association with quantitative measures tends to be lower. From the perspective of information behavior research, the findings suggest that holism seems to be a similar factor to, for instance, task complexity or personality, which influences human information behavior and, for instance, perceptions of relevance. From a practical perspective, the study suggests that the promotion of specific facets of measuring success and patterns of information behavior can be used to influence the orientation of working between centrifugality and openness.
  • Antecedents and consequences of autonomous information seeking motivation
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Ana Dubnjakovic Autonomously motivated individuals tend to enjoy activities more than those who are extrinsically motivated, and they also tend to invest more effort. Grounded in basic psychological needs theory, the current study examines the motivation of students' autonomous information seeking and its relationship with the amount of effort invested in and enjoyment derived from information seeking. Autonomy support and perceived competence were found to explain 34.7% of the variance in autonomous motivation while autonomous motivation, in turn, explained 13.1% of variance in effort and 25.8% variance in enjoyment. The model indicates a positive relationship between basic psychological needs and autonomous motivation. Higher students' autonomy support and perceived competence levels lead to increases in autonomous motivation to seek information. Higher autonomous motivation levels, similarly, lead to higher levels of effort and enjoyment. Findings confirm that intrinsically motivated students enjoy information seeking more and invest more effort in the activity. This highlights the importance of encouraging students to engage in information seeking independently, while providing the necessary guidance that would increase their competence.
  • Task-centered activities as an approach to data collection in research
           with children and youth
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2018Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 40, Issue 1Author(s): Sarah Barriage Children and youth are important populations for research and practice in library and information science. However, comparatively little research has been conducted that directly engages with the perspectives of these groups, particularly when children younger than school age are considered. Task-centered activities, a type of data collection method used in the field of childhood studies, offer a means of conducting research with children and youth in a manner that builds on their strengths and competencies. Specific examples of task-centered activities include arts-based approaches; photography; drama, play, and games; child-led tours; diaries; and participatory activities. The benefits and limitations of these activities are explored, as well as their prior and potential application in library and information science.
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