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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1398  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3185 journals]
  • Secrets and secretive behaviours: Exploring the hidden through harmful
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Crystal Fulton While information science researchers have for some time examined sharing, non-sharing behaviours have received less attention. This study explored the role and impact of secretive information behaviours in the context of gambling activities and social interactions around harmful gambling. The study followed a qualitative approach, involving in-depth interviews with recovering gamblers and gamblers' families and friends in Ireland. Findings revealed that secretive information behaviours, such as self-concealment, were characteristic of gamblers' and their families' experiences of gambling harm. While self-concealing information behaviours facilitated the gambler's secret participation in gambling, the negative financial and social outcomes had a further serious impact on family members and their coping strategies. Understanding how and why people adopt secretive information behaviours can facilitate positive navigation of information in risky and stressful circumstances. Findings offer a more holistic view of information use, sharing, and decision making, by including negative as well as positive information outcomes in modeling of information behaviour.
  • The use of paradigms in information research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Philip Kwaku Kankam Studies of human behaviour usually require the adoption of a research paradigm with the objective of improving the credibility and generalisability of the study. Applying research paradigms in information research is noted to vary from one researcher to another based on the investigator's choice as well as the character of the issue under investigation. The differences in the application of research paradigms in information research do not rely on philosophical assumptions alone, but also on the practical consequences of the inquiry and the interpretation of the findings. The four most broadly applied paradigms in research - pragmatism, interpretivism, positivism, and post-positivism and how the adoption of these paradigms fit into information research was examined. Findings indicate that application of research paradigms in information research is beneficial. However, information researchers are advised to be cautious of the weaknesses of the paradigm they would adopt for a study.
  • Global perspectives of research data sharing: A systematic literature
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Winner Dominic Chawinga, Sandy Zinn Studies investigating data sharing from a world perspective are seemingly rare. By employing a quantitative design,this systematic review investigates and presents a comprehensive account of factors hampering data sharing at three levels of the global research hierarchy (individual, institutional and international). The study analyses secondary data extracted from 105 publications (n=105). Journal publishers and research grant organisations are key players in promoting data sharing activities by formulating, adopting and implementing policies on data sharing. Despite concerted efforts to promote data sharing, various factors frustrate these initiatives; they include lack of time and data misappropriation (individual level); data sharing training, absence of compensation and unfavourable internal policies (institutional level); and weak policies, ethical and legal norms, lack of data infrastructure and interoperability issues (international level). To counter these challenges, there is a need for research stakeholders to recognise researchers who share data through data citations, acknowledgement and incentives; invest in infrastructure, conduct training and advocacy programs; formulate stringent and fair policies. Data sharing will only become a success if research stakeholders apply equal efforts in managing data to that of research publications in general. The study offers a unique and comprehensive account of factors hampering data sharing from a global perspective. Solutions suggested could be adopted by research stakeholders in their efforts to enhance data sharing activities at various research levels.
  • Mobile information behavior of Warner Pacific University students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Lishi Kwasitsu, Ann Matsushima Chiu The mobile information behavior of Warner Pacific University students was studied using survey questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and group-based exercises through the lens of several common information theories and models. As ownership of connected devices became nearly ubiquitous, students used the Internet more than the library. Students built digital networks to connect with friends or classmates. The Internet was the students' primary information source, since using Google was a daily lifestyle habit while the library was totally new and unfamiliar territory. Comparison of the students' information search processes (ISPs) with Kuhlthau's ISP diagram revealed that the students searching was idiosyncratic and unpredictable, and they only adopted systematic search protocols when these were imposed on them. Chatman's theory of information poverty was useful as it revealed that the students' perception of information deprivation cut across all socio-economic groups.
  • Mapping the state of information literacy education in primary schools:
           The case of Pakistan
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Syeda Hina Batool, Sheila Webber
  • Librarians and health literacy: A scoping review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Mary L. Klem, Ahlam A. Saleh, Patricia J. Devine, Karen E. Gutzman, Amy C. Knehans, Tanisha N. Mills, Gale A. Oren, Emily Vardell
  • Examining libraries as public sphere institutions: Mapping questions,
           methods, theories, findings, and research gaps
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Andreas Vårheim, Roswitha Skare, Noah Lenstra It is common in the literature to see libraries characterized as public sphere institutions, but the exact processes by which libraries support and engage in the public sphere remain under-explored. Based on a systematic review of the research literature on libraries as public sphere institutions, this study maps the questions, methods, theories, and findings of those scholars and librarians who have examined this topic. This research finds that discussions of libraries as public sphere institutions orient around five themes: Community, management and funding, institutional structures and practices, new tools and services, and knowledge organization. Compared to existing research, more focused and stringent research designs are necessary to enhance the understanding of libraries as public sphere institutions. A focused research program can create theoretical and actionable knowledge for knowledge-based policies, strategies, and activities at the international, federal, state, and community levels.
  • Preschool children's preferences for library activities: Laddering
           interviews in Chinese public libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Pianran Wang, Jianhua Xu, Yingying Wu Evaluations of preschool children’s library programs and activities have for the most part been based on effectiveness with respect to parameters such as reading and literacy, while the preferences of the children have been ignored. This study uses the laddering method to identify Chinese preschool children’s preferences for certain library activities. Thirty-four children were recruited from three activities at three Chinese public libraries. The laddering method proved effective in revealing the preschoolers’ library activity preferences and the reasons for those preferences from the perspective of personal value. The results suggest that library activity designers should consider factors such as familiarity, newness, ease, presence of friends and peers, and joy.
  • Editorial: Greetings and reflections from the new editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 1Author(s):
  • Organizational network analysis: A study of a university library from a
           network efficiency perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Anna Ujwary-Gil A library is a particular kind of organization. It plays a valuable role and is dedicated mainly to the development and growth of society. Analyzing a library from the perspective of a network of relations and ties, which exist between social and technical network nodes, contributes to a more nuanced assessment of effectiveness. Building on social network analysis and going beyond human relations in a library, this study examines perceptions related to knowledge and skills, resources, and tasks, identified through a survey conducted at the university library in Warsaw. Overall, the analyzed library is characterized by redundancy and congruence of knowledge, resources, and tasks required at the library (organizational) level and at the particular node (employee) level. Analyzing the network efficiency of a library is a new and valuable research design which uses a unique network measurement that should attract more interest in the future. This form of analysis gives managers the tools to dynamize relations and understand the flow, use, and sharing of resources or knowledge within a library context. However, more studies in the public sector would be invaluable in order to formulate new theories or conclusions.
  • Avoiding misleading information: A study of complementary medicine online
           information for cancer patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Carlo Bianchini, Ivana Truccolo, Ettore Bidoli, CRO Information Quality Assessment Group, Mauro Mazzocut Health misinformation can severely affect human behaviour, especially in controversial areas such as that of complementary medicine. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 16 web pages to identify different kinds of falsehoods, to estimate the risk of running into deceptive information, and to observe the differences among experts' and one layperson's assessments. Almost all analyzed claims were unfounded. Unexpectedly, the experts agreed more often on considering analyzed scientific statements to be correct rather than incorrect. However, half of the time, the experts did not agree, so that the correctness of some claims remained undefined. A statistically significant risk of running into unfounded information and incorrect or undefined claims was found. There was a low agreement between the expert and layperson evaluation. The results of this study can help consumer health librarians to interpret cues of potentially misleading information about controversial issues and thereby improve their information and communication services.
  • Learning bodies: Sensory experience in the information commons
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Andrew M. Cox Despite the digital shift, university libraries have grown in importance as places where students come to learn. Interest in designing better spaces has led to a flowering of user experience studies. Such research into how students use library space could usefully be informed by the theory of embodied cognition, which emphasises the role of the body in thinking and learning. This study explores students' embodied experience of an information commons building. Data were gathered from participatory walking interviews, where students were asked to give the interviewer a guided tour of the building. Findings revealed the way that particular combinations of sensory experience contributed to particular forms of learning. Very small movements or choices seem to reconfigure space significantly. This research also draws attention to the way that different learning atmospheres are actively constructed. The findings contribute a new perspective on inquiry into the use of library space. The potential implication for libraries is the need for more fine grained analysis of use experience from a sensory perspective and for teachers and learners to more explicitly reflect on the role of the body in learning.
  • An assessment matrix for library makerspaces
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Aijuan Cun, Samuel Abramovich, Jordan M. Smith The emergence of maker culture has led to an increase of makerspaces across a variety of educational organizations, including public libraries. These makerspaces provide library patrons with new opportunities to learn and create through exploration, creation, and play. However, as the number of library makerspaces grows, so does the need for assessing learning in those same spaces. There is a small amount of research completed on assessing learning of makerspaces in public libraries. The researchers in this study examine patron use of a library makerspace through a theoretical framework based on modern assessment research. Soon after the study began, it was necessary to rethink the original research questions and methods in order to better understand how assessment could be effectively implemented. Findings include determining the scope of library makerspace participants and their assessment needs, potential assessments that can address those needs, and design implications for assessments in library makerspaces.
  • Development of a scale for data quality assessment in automated library
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Mehri Shahbazi, Abdolhossein Farajpahlou, Farideh Osareh, Alireza Rahimi A credible scale based on the opinions of system users was developed to evaluate and assess data quality in automated library systems (ALS). Development and testing were carried out in two stages. In the first stage, 77 dimensions for data quality which had been previously identified through a systematic literature review were used to develop scale items. The first draft of the scale was then distributed among a target population of ALS experts to solicit their opinions on the scale and the items. In the second stage, a revised version of the scale was distributed among the main study population, which included end users of the target systems. This stage used factor analysis to determine the final draft of the scale, which consists of 4 factors and 62 items. The 4 factors were named after the qualities of their associated items: Data Content Quality, Data Organizational Quality, Data Presentation Quality, and Data Usage Quality. This scale can help system managers identify and resolve potential problems in the systems they manage and can also aid in evaluating the quality of data sources based on the opinions of end users.
  • Information activities within information horizons: A case for college
           students' personal information management
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Donghee Sinn, Sujin Kim, Sue Yeon Syn Personal information management behaviors appear differently by sources and by context. This study investigates personal information spaces from a quantitative approach and factors specific information behaviors and sources into information contexts. Using the information source horizon theory as a theoretical framework, college students' information behaviors to specific information sources were investigated in three personal information contexts (academic, health, and personal history contexts). In the college setting, students' personal information horizons echo the findings of previous studies that information contexts determine information horizons in general. In addition, specific information behaviors (collect, organize, and utilize) in this study are an important factor to influence personal information horizons. Certain information activities are observed in similar patterns regardless of contexts. The study suggests that the Information Horizon theory could be expanded to include information behaviors as an important determinant. From the data, radar charts visually present the relationships between information sources and activities, and they served as a collective form of information horizon maps.
  • Entertainment media and the information practices of queer individuals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Diana Floegel, Kaitlin L. Costello While LIS literature addresses queer individuals' information practices in certain contexts, a gap exists in understanding interactions with entertainment media (EM), which can be broadly defined as fictional and creative non-fiction content such as movies and television. Ten semi-structured interviews with queer individuals and content analysis of EM resources using constructivist grounded theory found that participants viewed EM as a salient part of their identity-related information practices. In particular, participants engaged in discovery practices that included seeking, satisficing, and triangulation, and consumption practices that included validation, fact-finding, evaluation, and creation. Participants discussed the complex and contextual positive and negative attributes of queer-representative EM, as well as their experiences attempting to access such content in information institutions. Findings suggest ways in which knowledge workers may improve EM-related information systems and services to better assist queer individuals.
  • Mapping differences in access to public libraries by travel mode and time
           of day
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jeff Allen Public libraries strive to provide everyone in their surrounding communities the ability to access their information and services. However, previous research indicates that the closer someone lives to a library, the more likely they are to visit, while reduced proximity can dissuade or even prevent people from visiting. This study extends upon existing research on spatial access to libraries to detail a methodology for measuring how access can differ temporally, either by time of day or by the day of the week, as well as by available travel mode. This is exemplified in a case study of access to libraries in Regina, Canada, finding that those who are reliant on public transit have substantially less access to public libraries than those with a private car. Results also show that travelling to libraries during the morning, evening, or weekend takes longer, on average, than during weekday afternoons due to reduced opening hours.
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