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Journal Cover Library & Information Science Research
  [SJR: 1.781]   [H-I: 31]   [974 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2801 journals]
  • Changes to the Board of Editors and Acknowledgments
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 4
      Author(s): Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2015-12-18T08:37:31Z
       
  • A view of success, or, advice to developing scholars
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 4
      Author(s): Peter Hernon, Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2015-12-18T08:37:31Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 4




      PubDate: 2015-12-18T08:37:31Z
       
  • Beyond Bibliometrics: Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly
           Impact, Blaise Cronin, Cassidy R. Sugimoto (Eds.). MIT Press, Cambridge,
           MA (2014)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Maria Forsman



      PubDate: 2015-12-09T07:54:37Z
       
  • Peer-based information literacy training: Insights from the NICE Evidence
           Search Student Champion Scheme
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 December 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jennifer Rowley, Frances Johnson, Laura Sbaffi, Anne Weist
      There is a widespread acknowledgement that with ever-increasing levels of access to digital information sources, students need to be supported in the development of their information literacies. Academic libraries and librarians have taken the lead in the development of information literacy programmes. Whilst there has been much sharing of good practise, there has been less consideration of alternative models of the outcomes of information literacy programmes. To contribute to addressing this gap, this article reports on an evaluation of student peer delivery of an information literacy scheme in the specific context of a medical and health information portal. The Student Champion Scheme (SCS) is an initiative designed to promote the use of a national specialist health and social care information portal, Evidence Search, amongst students in the health professions, and thereby to further embed evidence-based practise. The SCS run by NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, UK), uses a model of training, in which student champions are first trained by NICE staff, and then the champions train their peers. This study evaluates the scheme on the basis of secondary data gathered by NICE during the evaluation processes associated with two annual cycles of the SCS, together with focus groups with champions, and interviews with prospective university-based co-facilitators of the scheme. Findings suggest that the scheme is successful in promoting use of the portal, Evidence Search, and in developing advocates amongst champions. The evaluation offers a range of insights into the benefits and challenges associated with such a scheme, whose interest and implications extend beyond this specific scheme. To be successful the quality of peer training and peers' identification with and belief in the value of both the training they deliver, and specific information sources is pivotal. In addition, training is strengthened by contributions from librarians and academics, and a climate in which all participants are clear about their specific contribution. It is recommended that academic libraries should seek to develop a range of differentiated information literacy programmes, each with specific objectives, to suit different audiences, and undertake regular evaluation as a basis for improvement and innovation.


      PubDate: 2015-12-04T17:56:14Z
       
  • Studying a boundary-defying group: An analytical review of the literature
           surrounding the information habits of writers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 December 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Nadine Desrochers, Jen Pecoskie
      This study presents an analytical literature review of the research surrounding the information behavior of writers, understood here as people whose written output is creative in nature and produced outside of the academia or the traditional news media realm. This group is understudied in library and information science, despite its obvious cultural and enduring link to libraries and archives. A qualitative content analysis reveals that part of the problem lies in establishing the boundaries of the literary field in order to operationalize writers as a group for study. The work of Pierre Bourdieu, cited in the literature itself, provides insight into how the concepts of legitimation, consecration, and professionalism influence methods and findings. However, while approaches differ, researchers tend to discuss similar information-related topics. Using literature pertaining to "sister populations", such as other artists or other types of writers, can help support the design of further research. Professional literature and mainstream media are also suggested as avenues for the study of the relationship between writers, information sources, and information professionals.


      PubDate: 2015-12-04T17:56:14Z
       
  • Knowledge management and organizational culture in higher educational
           libraries in Qatar: An empirical study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Kumaresan Chidambaranathan, Swarooprani BS Rani
      This empirical research examined the relationship between knowledge management (KM) and organizational culture (OC) in higher educational libraries in Qatar using the competing values framework. Various research studies suggest that it is highly important for managers and leaders of establishments to understand their organizational culture types for organizational effectiveness and long-term success. This study reveals how culture profiles affect knowledge management activities and how culture profile is conducive to a successful knowledge management program. The study surveys 122 library employees from 16 higher education libraries. The findings of this study suggest that knowledge management activities are not affected by the demographic profile of the employees. Clan, adhocracy, and market culture are positively correlated to knowledge management and hierarchy culture is negatively correlated. The study also reveals that clan and market culture types are conducive to the success of knowledge management in the higher educational libraries in Qatar.


      PubDate: 2015-12-04T17:56:14Z
       
  • Using open records laws for research purposes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 December 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Shannon M. Oltmann, Emily J.M. Knox, Chris Peterson, Shawn Musgrave
      This article describes how to use state-level open records laws as a research tool. Similar to the federal-level Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), state open records laws allow individuals to access records and information held by state agencies. This has the potential to be a potent research tool, though it has been rarely used in library and information science to date. This article provides an overview of the federal and state laws pertaining to accessing government information, and then describes an ongoing research project that used these laws to collect data. Two pilot studies were conducted (one in Massachusetts and one in Alabama) to evaluate the potential of using of state open records laws for research purposes. The article concludes with several suggestions for other researchers who wish to use open records laws to obtain government information for research purposes.


      PubDate: 2015-12-04T17:56:14Z
       
  • Applications of meta-analysis to library and information science research:
           Content analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 December 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Qing Ke, Ying Cheng
      Content analysis was conducted to provide a framework for studying the current state of and problems in the application of meta-analysis in the field of library and information science (LIS). The content of 35 meta-analysis application articles published in LIS-oriented journals was analyzed for their bibliometric information, reasons for conducting a meta-analysis, literature searches, criteria for selecting studies, meta-analysis procedures, quality control mechanisms, and results. Although meta-analysis appears to be underappreciated in the LIS domain, the findings demonstrate that meta-analysis holds strong prospects as an LIS research method. However, there are a number of problems that must be solved, one being the misunderstanding of meta-analysis as compared with other similar systematic review methods. Suggestions are offered for developing meta-analysis. An informed understanding of the role of the meta-analysis method in LIS will be helpful for future research and practice.


      PubDate: 2015-12-04T17:56:14Z
       
  • Regional variations in average distance to public libraries in the United
           States
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Francis P. Donnelly
      There are substantive regional variations in public library accessibility in the United States, which is a concern considering the civic and educational roles that libraries play in communities. Average population-weighted distances and the total population living within one mile segments of the nearest public library were calculated at a regional level for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, and at a state level. The findings demonstrate significant regional variations in accessibility that have been persistent over time and cannot be explained by simple population distribution measures alone. Distances to the nearest public library are higher in the South compared to other regions, with statistically significant clusters of states with lower accessibility than average. The national average population-weighted distance to the nearest public library is 2.1 miles. While this supports the use of a two-mile buffer employed in many LIS studies to measure library service areas, the degree of variation that exists between regions and states suggests that local measures should be applied to local areas.


      PubDate: 2015-11-30T03:25:49Z
       
  • Productivity of U.S. LIS and ischool faculty
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): John M. Budd
      This examination is the latest in a series of analyses of scholarly productivity by individuals and library and information science programs and ischools (limited to those with master's programs accredited by the American Library Association). Productivity is defined as numbers of publications authored and numbers of citations received in the years 2008 through 2013. The most productive individuals according to each measure are presented. Data are also collected for institutions (by adding the publications and the citations for all of the program's full-time tenured or tenure-track faculty). The institutional data are aggregated and the most productive programs are ranked. A principal result is that both individuals and programs are responsible for many more publications and citations than in the past.


      PubDate: 2015-11-26T08:17:31Z
       
  • User assessment of search task difficulty: Relationships between reasons
           and ratings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jingjing Liu
      There is an increasing research interest in search task difficulty. A recent study developed a user-perceived task difficulty reason scheme including 21 reasons (two of which arise prior to searching). Interesting questions arose as to whether the many difficulty reasons in the scheme were correlated or whether the difficulty reasons were related to task difficulty levels. Using a dataset collected from 48 participants searching on four tasks, this study examined these questions while also validating the task difficulty reason scheme. Results suggest that the 19 difficulty reasons elicited after a search task are rarely correlated, and are, instead, independent. Several difficulty reasons, such as “task requirements too specific” and “low topic knowledge,” contribute significantly to difficulty levels. The large discrepancy in the frequency of some reasons' appearance in high, mid, and low difficulty rating groups may be explained by task type features. These findings help develop an in-depth explanation of search task difficulty and contribute to task-related information retrieval research and system design.


      PubDate: 2015-11-26T08:17:31Z
       
  • Effectiveness of digital library services as a basis for decision-making
           in public organizations
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jan Stejskal, Petr Hajek
      In practise, public organizations often provide basic and widespread access to digital services to citizens and to varying degrees. For the effective use of public funds it is necessary for there to be an objective method for the assessment of the effectiveness of the public services (i.e. including digital services). A methodology that can analyse the effectiveness of the digital services provided by public organizations is proposed. The methodology was applied to the digital services provided by the Municipal Library of Prague (MLP). This methodology allows comparison of the effectiveness of the different services provided. This contributes to the effectiveness of the decisions of public representatives and overall social effectiveness of the digital services provided. The results show that the effectiveness of digital services (provided by remote access) at the MLP in 2012 is 4.02 (this means that each unit of financial investment brings benefits in the amount of 4.02units). In contrast, digital services provided directly in the library have a very low effectiveness, i.e. 1:0.89, thus they are clearly ineffective. In addition, when compared to all the services that are provided, digital services have the highest effectiveness of all. The proposed methodology can therefore help economic decision-making but also to improve the quality and range of services. It can be used in other organizations and various public sectors.


      PubDate: 2015-11-26T08:17:31Z
       
  • Rituals of introduction and revolving roles: Socialization in an online
           breast cancer community
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Ellen L. Rubenstein
      This research sought to understand the role of information exchange and social support in an online breast cancer community relative to healthcare decisions and participants' everyday lives. Through a two-year ethnographic analysis comprising archives analysis, participant-observation, and 31 interviews, the data revealed that the forum's structure illustrated characteristics of a community of practice (CoP), a construct that has rarely been used in examining online health communities. Newcomers began as legitimate peripheral participants who progressed through the community from being novices, to novice/mentors, to mentor/experts. This progression represented a cycle of identification with three phases: a) an introductory phase, where novices made themselves known to the community and began to wrestle with breast cancer; b) learning the community's social practices and building identity as they evolved into novice/mentors who became more knowledgeable; and c) becoming mentor/experts who were looked up to and could provide information and support to others. Attaining mentor/expert status indicated a completion of the cycle in that mentor/experts were identified as being central to the community, and were also participating in the introduction phase by welcoming novices. Analyzing online health communities using a CoP perspective offers a lens that provides insights into the mechanisms that assist patients as they navigate through illness and treatment.


      PubDate: 2015-11-26T08:17:31Z
       
  • The current state of systematic reviews in library and information studies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 November 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jianhua Xu, Qi Kang, Zhiqiang Song
      Although the systematic review method has, in the past, been applied infrequently in library and information science (LIS) research, its use appears to be increasing. However, the relatively low quantity and poor quality of systematic reviews demonstrate the need for further research in this area. A critical appraisal framework is presented that can be used to guide the conduct and reporting of systematic reviews, at the same time increasing researchers and practitioners' awareness of the importance of such reviews in LIS research. Methods and tools used by scholars who have applied this method are reviewed, and criteria that are essential to achieving high quality systematic review are discussed in depth.


      PubDate: 2015-11-26T08:17:31Z
       
  • Cover 2 - Editorial Board/Barcode
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2015-09-09T08:34:59Z
       
  • Testing the impact of an information literacy course: Undergraduates'
           perceptions and use of the university libraries' web portal
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 3
      Author(s): Yu-Hui Chen
      Numerous sources have observed that undergraduates tend to use Internet search engines, predominantly Google, instead of library electronic resources for their course work. Thus, academic librarians have expressed concern about the under-utilization of resources provided through library Web portals. Studies of technology acceptance and success indicate that user training can positively influence individuals' use of information systems. Even so, there has been no investigation of the longterm effects of user education on the use of library Web portals. This longitudinal study fills this gap in the literature by determining whether a semester-long, credit-bearing, general education course integrated with an information literacy component positively alters undergraduate students' perceptions and increases their use of the university libraries' web portal at a mid-size research institution. A mixed methods approach was employed, collecting data through three rounds of survey (pre-course, post-course, and follow-up) as well as one-on-one interviews. Results from the quantitative analysis indicated variance in participants' perceptions and use of the libraries' portal from the short-term to a longer term. The positive influence of the course was validated through a manipulation check. The outcome of interviews also confirmed the findings derived from the quantitative data.


      PubDate: 2015-09-09T08:34:59Z
       
  • School library advocacy literature in the United States: An exploratory
           content analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Ann Dutton Ewbank, Ja Youn Kwon
      This exploratory conceptual content analysis describes the published school library advocacy literature in the United States from 2001–2011. In 47 articles, the advocacy efforts undertaken, the responsible parties, the target populations, and goals and reasons for advocacy were examined. In all, 372 separate advocacy efforts were found. Of these, 168 efforts outlined tangible results of advocacy efforts while 204 efforts described strategies or techniques for advocacy but did not identify an outcome. The general school community was the most predominant target population for advocacy. Advocacy efforts specifically targeting school administrators and teachers were an infrequent target. The advocacy goal mentioned most frequently in the literature was enhancing awareness. Most (83%) advocacy activities were initiated by school librarians or an individual in the school library field. School library researchers should address the dearth of empirical and theoretical work on both the practice and impact of advocacy on the profession.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Perceived outcomes of public libraries in the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Sei-Ching Joanna Sin, Pertti Vakkari
      Public libraries are under constant pressure to demonstrate their worth. Outcome measures can present the benefits public libraries bring to individuals in terms that are relevant to them. Beyond service-specific outcome assessments, however, few nationwide studies have examined the benefits of public libraries as a whole. Following the Finnish national survey conducted by Vakkari and Serola (2012), this study surveyed more than 1000 U.S. respondents on 22 areas of benefits. The benefits were reduced by factor analysis to three dimensions. ANOVAs were used to test demographic differences in these benefit dimensions. The findings show that most respondents viewed the impact of public libraries on their lives positively. The most frequently perceived benefit was in the reading and self-education dimension. Significant gender and education attainment differences were found for this dimension, with women and more educated respondents giving more positive responses. In contrast, age and race/ethnicity differences were significant in the work and formal education dimension and in the everyday activities and interests dimension. In both dimensions, younger respondents and ethnic minorities reported more positive responses. For the everyday activities dimension, higher-income respondents reported more frequent benefits. Overall, the public library was perceived by different demographic groups as contributing to different dimensions of their lives. There are still areas for further improvement, such as reaching lower-income individuals and seniors in the everyday activities dimension. Continual efforts are needed to measure and communicate the value of public libraries, so that funders and the public will support public libraries with the resources needed to provide quality services to all.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Croatian university students' use and perception of electronic resources
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Darko Dukić, Jelena Strišković



      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Dual use beyond the life sciences: An LIS perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Shannon M. Oltmann
      Dual use research is used to describe research, conducted for benign purposes, which could be used for malevolent purposes. Most recent studies of dual use research have focused on the life sciences, although some researchers have suggested that dual use research occurs across many disciplines. This study is an initial investigation into the prevalence of dual use research in other scientific disciplines through surveying senior editors of scientific journals. Survey results show that some journal editors in nearly every discipline reported some experience with dual use research. This suggests that broader conceptualizations of dual use research are needed. The publication—or withholding—of dual use research has implications for norms of scholarly communication.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Exploring variation in the ways of experiencing health information
           literacy: A phenomenographic study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Christine Yates
      From a relational perspective of information literacy, health information literacy is interpreted as the different ways in which people experience using information to learn about health. Phenomenography was used as a research approach to explore variation in people's experience of using information to learn about health from data collected through semi-structured interviews. The findings identify seven categories that describe the qualitatively different ways in which people experience health information literacy: building a new knowledge base; weighing up information; discerning valid information; paying attention to bodily information; staying informed about health; Participating in learning communities, and envisaging health. These findings can be used to enhance awareness about the different ways of experiencing health information literacy, and to contribute to a nascent trajectory of research that has explored information literacy within the context of everyday life.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Mobile wellness application-seeking behavior by college students—An
           exploratory study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Besiki Stvilia, Wonchan Choi



      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Two geographic information system-linked bibliometric indices to quantify
           the knowledge flow: A case of Qinghai-Tibet plateau research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Wang Xuemei, Li Xin, Ma Mingguo, Zhang Zhiqiang
      Cited information is an important pathway of scientific influence. It can reflect the knowledge flows among research units. This study develops two new bibliometric indices—the Citation Flow Index (CFI) and the Normalized Citation Flow Index (NCFI)—to measure knowledge flows based on scientific literature citations. The CFI measures the interactions of knowledge flows among different research units. The NCFI measures the number of papers that a research unit cited and the number of papers by a research unit that are cited. The newly developed indices were tested on a country-wide scale using the literature on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) as an example. The results indicate that the worldwide flow of knowledge on the QTP can be quantitatively measured and spatially displayed. Additionally, the annual NCFI change trend is analyzed for each research unit.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Understanding data sharing behaviors of STEM researchers: The roles of
           attitudes, norms, and data repositories
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Youngseek Kim, Ping Zhang
      A number of factors influence STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) researchers' data sharing behaviors. Based on the theory of planned behavior, a research model focusing on beliefs, attitudes, norms, and resource factors was proposed. The research model was tested with a total of 1298 responses from a national survey in the United States (US). The data analysis results, using the partial least squares (PLS) technique, show that attitudinal beliefs (including perceived career benefit, risk, and perceived effort), disciplinary norms, and perceived availability of data repositories all have significant impacts on STEM researchers' attitudes toward data sharing, and further, both the attitude toward data sharing and the availability of data repositories have strong influences on researchers' data sharing behaviors. These results demonstrate that the theory of planned behavior is a useful theoretical framework for explaining STEM researchers' data sharing behaviors. From the practical perspective, this research suggests that information professionals can better serve STEM researchers by allocating their efforts in two ways: (1) Providing appropriate data services and tools to reduce researchers' efforts involved in data sharing, and (2) providing data repositories to facilitate researchers' data sharing behaviors.


      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Library Analytics and Metrics: Using Data to Drive Decisions and Services,
           Ben Showers (Ed.). Facet, London, UK (2015)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Robert E. Dugan



      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Descriptions in job ads sometimes equal “Huh?”, or
           “Do you know what you are asking for?”
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Peter Hernon, Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2015-09-05T03:20:47Z
       
  • Annual review of cultural heritage informatics: 2012–2013, Samantha
           Hastings (Ed.). Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD (2014)
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 2
      Author(s): Peter Botticelli



      PubDate: 2015-08-09T13:14:30Z
       
  • New members of the Board of Editors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 July 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research




      PubDate: 2015-07-28T20:51:25Z
       
  • The Portable Document Format (PDF) accessibility practice of four journal
           publishers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 June 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Julius T. Nganji
      People with disabilities, especially those who are blind, rely on assistive technologies to read information on the web. When this information does not conform to accessibility standards, assistive technologies experience significant difficulties trying to interpret it. Journal publishers prefer to publish articles online in the portable document format (PDF), which may pose accessibility challenges when guidelines such as WCAG 2.0 are not adhered to. So far, no studies have been carried out to evaluate the accessibility of published versions of journal articles in PDF format. A total of 200 articles, 50 articles each from Taylor & Francis' Disability & Society, Springer's Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, Hammill Institute on Disabilities/SAGE's Journal of Learning Disabilities and Elsevier's Research in Developmental Disabilities, which are all ISI Web of Science indexed journals published from 2009 to 2013, were analyzed manually, automatically, and with screen readers for accessibility. The results reveal that 97% did not provide an alternative text for images; 95.5% were not tagged; only 13.5% had meaningful titles which were not displayed when the document was opened; 67% did not have a defined document language; 50% bookmarks, which help in navigation; all had accessibility permissions, enabling assistive technologies to interact with them; 99.5% did not have a logical reading order; none had a consistent heading structure; and all, including untagged documents which were not image-only PDFs documents could be read with screen readers such as NVDA if the correct accessibility settings in Adobe Acrobat XI Pro were chosen. Research in Developmental Disabilities documents were generally more accessible.


      PubDate: 2015-06-18T17:24:37Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2015-06-10T20:42:16Z
       
  • Collaboration and synergy in hybrid Q&A: Participatory design
           method and results
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 June 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Chirag Shah , Marie L. Radford , Lynn Silipigni Connaway



      PubDate: 2015-06-06T20:35:47Z
       
  • Measuring the gap between perceived importance and actual performance of
           institutional repositories
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 June 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Fatemeh Lagzian , A. Abrizah , Mee-Chin Wee
      Identifying the critical success factors (CSFs) of institutional repositories can influence their successful implementation. This study investigates the perceived importance of the success factors and the actual performance of institutional repositories worldwide. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to 354 repository managers via the OpenDOAR email distribution service and achieved a response rate of 83.3%. Factor analysis indicated the possibility of 46 variables under six factors being important for the success of institutional repository implementation. The six factors are Management, Services, Technology, Self-archive practices, People, and Resources. A gap analysis was conducted to identify the importance and actual performance of the factors. The major finding was that several of the factors are not fully realised by the institutional repositories despite their relative importance. Institutional repositories are still in development; this study may help to guide their implementation and further development.


      PubDate: 2015-06-06T20:35:47Z
       
  • Job satisfaction and work values: Investigating sources of job
           satisfaction with respect to information professionals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 June 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Valentini Moniarou-Papaconstantinou , Kalliopi Triantafyllou
      Job satisfaction is critical to life satisfaction, to the quality of employees' working life, and to their performance and organizational commitment. Using the theory of work values, job satisfaction of information professionals working in academic, special, public and school libraries as well as in archives and private companies is examined. Data were obtained through a questionnaire distributed to different types of information organizations. The results showed that the information professionals were satisfied with their jobs. Job satisfaction was predicted by intrinsic work values, namely the opportunities for learning, expression of creativity, autonomy, use of knowledge and abilities, and adoption of innovative technological developments. The analysis also indicated significant differences in the sources of job satisfaction (extrinsic, social and prestige work values) among professionals employed in four types of information organizations (academic libraries, public libraries, special libraries and archives). Professionals in special libraries were more satisfied with extrinsic work values than those in public libraries and archives. Professionals working in public libraries were more satisfied with prestige work values than those employed in academic libraries and archives. Finally, it was indicated that professionals in archives were less satisfied with social work values than their colleagues in public and special libraries. A relationship between job satisfaction and years of experience was also examined.


      PubDate: 2015-06-06T20:35:47Z
       
  • An exploration of the library and information science professional skills
           and personal competencies: An Israeli perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 June 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Jenny Bronstein
      The skills and competencies required of library and information science (LIS) professionals working in libraries and information centers have been greatly affected by rapidly evolving information and communication technologies. To understand the effects that change has brought to the LIS profession, a typology of skills and competencies required of LIS professionals in Israel was developed. This typology resulted from the analysis of three different sets of data: job advertisements, course descriptions from LIS departments, and data collected from a survey administered to directors of libraries and information centers in Israel. The content analysis resulted in a typology of 49 skills that were divided into four different clusters: provision of information services, organization of information, technological skills, and personal competencies. Job listings were found to emphasize skills related to the provision of information services as well as personal competencies, while results from the survey revealed that skills related to the organization of information were perceived as essential by library directors. Data collected from course descriptions suggested that LIS departments prepared students to work in advanced technological environments but they did not develop their personal competencies. Traditional LIS skills that support design and provision of information services and making information accessible are still relevant today, while being flexible enough to adapt to changing information environments based on user-centered philosophies of service.


      PubDate: 2015-06-06T20:35:47Z
       
  • The characteristics and motivations of library open source software
           developers: An empirical study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Namjoo Choi , Joseph A. Pruett
      Although there is an abundance of literature regarding the motivations of open source software (OSS) developers, researchers have not examined the specific motivations and characteristics of developers participating in library open source software (LOSS) projects. The characteristics and motivations of 126 LOSS developers associated with SourceForge, Foss4Lib, and Code4Lib are explored through an online survey. The questionnaire included items measuring select demographic attributes; scaled items measuring intrinsic, extrinsic, and internalized-extrinsic motivations; and open-ended questions. In comparison with the general OSS community, the results indicate that LOSS developers have high levels of intrinsic (i.e., altruism and fun) and internalized-extrinsic (i.e., learning and personal needs) motivations, higher diversity in gender, higher levels of formal education, previous library-related work experience, and a strong library ethos. Using this research, stakeholders can devise strategies to improve participation in LOSS projects.


      PubDate: 2015-06-01T14:05:37Z
       
  • Visual traffic sweeps (VTS): A research method for mapping user activities
           in the library space
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Lisa M. Given , Heather Archibald
      The visual traffic sweeps (VTS) approach combines traditional observational methods for assessing library space with geographic information system (GIS) visualization techniques. This unique approach to spatial analysis can be used across library and information settings (or in other spaces with large amounts of human traffic) to map patterns in user behavior. Results of the visual analyses can be triangulated with other methods (e.g., questionnaires or interviews) to better inform library policy and space planning decisions. Findings from a study that used VTS in the business library of a large, urban university illustrate the potential application of this technique across library settings. Specific findings (e.g., patrons' preferences for certain spaces for laptop use, despite the library reserving other space for laptops) demonstrate the power of visualization techniques for analyzing results in ways that are not possible with standard statistical analysis approaches. In addition, the visual maps that result from the analysis process are useful for the presentation of visual data in conference presentations and/or to library stakeholders. Overall, this approach provides evidence for space planning decisions that are grounded in users' real activities within the library space.


      PubDate: 2015-05-27T13:56:34Z
       
  • Exploring the library's contribution to the academic institution: Research
           agenda
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Peter Hernon , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2015-05-27T13:56:34Z
       
  • “Ask a librarian”: Comparing virtual reference services in an
           Israeli academic library
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Riki Greenberg , Judit Bar-Ilan
      This study considered two Web-based virtual reference services (VRS) at an academic library in Israel: chat (116 interactions) and email (213 exchanges). The contents of a set of questions and answers in both VRS services were analyzed, along with an open-ended questionnaire administered to the library's reference team (n=16). Differences were found in the question and answer distributions. Face-to-face reference is preferred by the librarians although they acknowledge that the best fitting service is dependent on the users' preferences and their information needs.


      PubDate: 2015-05-14T14:40:23Z
       
  • ‘Unearthing farmers' information seeking contexts and challenges in
           digital, local and industry environments’
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Ann Starasts
      The information seeking contexts of Australian grain and cotton growers were explored as they undertook self-directed learning to make farming system changes. This investigation provided insights into information seeking and what constitutes ‘information’ that supported learning. Growers' information seeking contexts were individual, personalised, situated within experiential practices, bounded by locales, and facilitated by social practices. Farmers are agents who must personalise both information content and processes to produce relevant meanings and to progress their own learning agendas and pathways. Information seeking in online, local, and industry environments highlighted differences between available content and farmers' individual information needs. Information and communications systems that facilitate and empower individual farmer knowledge processes and onfarm outcomes are a necessary strategy of agricultural development.


      PubDate: 2015-05-14T14:40:23Z
       
  • Libraries as transitory workspaces and spatial incubators
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 May 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Mina Di Marino , Kimmo Lapintie
      Growing flexibility in work arrangements, particularly in the knowledge industries, and the ensuing possibilities for teleworking are challenging the traditional ways of conceptualizing and designing public spaces and public services. As an example of this development, public and university libraries are studied from the point of view of teleworking. Although work still only accounts for a small amount of the activities that take place in libraries, its transformations can be seen as a ‘weak signal’ of newly emerging spatial arrangements. In addition to the home and workplace, teleworkers are using a network of public, semi-public and private spaces (so-called third places) for different types of working. The research used the concept “spatial portfolio” to address this phenomenon of spatial modalities. The new role of public libraries within this context is discussed. In addition to their traditional functions of lending books and providing spaces for reading newspapers and magazines, libraries are now becoming more multifunctional, providing space for different activities, including work. This new phenomenon has been studied empirically by conducting a qualitative interview and observing teleworkers in two public libraries and one university library in the City of Helsinki, Finland. The objective was to find and analyze different profiles of workers in libraries, thus providing input for future planning and design of these spaces, as well as the urban fabric around them. The results show that a considerable range of activities within research and education, art and culture, information technology, business and finance, and social services and government are performed in the libraries, all of which are in part supported by the new concepts and policies of the city. Libraries can be seen as ‘transitory workspaces’ where people work at least a couple of hours per week and for different reasons such as free wifi connection and location. Also, libraries might be considered ‘spatial incubators’ or rather places able to attract people who start up their own activities. These concepts contribute to define a new way of appropriating libraries.


      PubDate: 2015-05-14T14:40:23Z
       
  • Studying the relevance of libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 1
      Author(s): Peter Hernon (Emeritus) , Candy Schwartz



      PubDate: 2015-04-02T05:55:13Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research, Volume 37, Issue 1




      PubDate: 2015-04-02T05:55:13Z
       
  • Genomics data curation roles, skills and perception of data quality
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Hong Huang , Corinne Jörgensen , Besiki Stvilia
      Compared to a decade ago, genomics scientists, driven by technical changes and availability of massive genomics data, are performing a wider plurality of curation roles, including end user, curator, and dual-role user. Scientists with different curation roles (including that of end user) may focus on different data quality aspects and skill requirements in a community curation environment. This study examines how genomics scientists' perceived priorities for data quality and data quality skills differ when assuming different roles played in genomics data curation work. The analysis of survey data collected from 147 genomics scientists found that curators of genomics data valued quality criteria that can be assessed through direct examination of the data more highly, while end users placed a high value on the quality criteria that can be assessed indirectly, such as believability. With regard to data quality skills, curators appeared to care more about understanding user's requirements and specific data management skills than end users, while end users valued the skills needed to deal with information overload more highly — those needed to identify useful, relevant information from large amounts of data. Scientists with different curation roles, given common curation tasks with the same skill requirements, prioritized different data quality criteria. The data quality, skill priorities, and tradeoffs identified by this study can inform the development of effective data curation mandates and policies, data quality assurance planning and training, and the design of curation role specific tool dashboards and visualization interfaces for genomics data.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • Average evaluation intensity: A quality-oriented indicator for the
           evaluation of research performance
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Zhiqiang Wu
      A variety of indicators have been created to measure the research performance of journals, scientists, and institutions. There has been a long-running debate on the use of indicators based on citation counts to measure research quality. The key argument is that using indicators based on raw citation counts to evaluate research quality lacks measurement validity. Traditional reference formats do not present any quality related evaluations of the citing authors toward their references. It can be argued that the strength of peer evaluation to a research output, which is taken to represent its quality, is the elementary unit in the evaluation and comparison of research performance. A good candidate for evaluating a piece of research is a researcher who cites the research and knows it well. By accumulating different citing authors' evaluations of their references based on a uniform evaluation scheme and synthesizing the evaluations into a single indicator, the qualities of research works, scientists, journals, research groups, and institutions in different disciplines can be assessed and compared. A method consisting of three components is proposed: a reference evaluation scheme, a new reference format, and a new indicator, called the average evaluation intensity. This method combines the advantages of citation count analysis, citation motivation analysis, and peer review, and may help to advance the debate. The potential advantages of and main concerns about the proposed method are discussed. The proposed method may serve as a preliminary theoretical framework that can inspire and advance a quality-oriented approach to the evaluation of research performance. At the current stage, it is best to treat the proposed method as speculation and inspiration rather than as a blueprint for practical implementation.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • The image of an institution: Politicians and the urban library project
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Sunniva Evjen
      In terms of political perceptions, library building projects appear to be similar across different contexts. Qualitative interviews with local politicians were employed to examine attitudes towards public libraries and library development in three cities building new central libraries: Aarhus, Denmark; Birmingham, UK; and Oslo, Norway. Applying an institutional perspective, the analysis focuses on norms, legitimization, and organizational change. Findings show shared views on the role and mission of the library. The informants primarily pointed to citizens' democratic rights and their country's democratic tradition when legitimizing public funding for libraries in general. However, argumentation for local library building projects was connected to city development and the desire to portray a city as oriented towards knowledge and culture.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • Research methods in library and information science: A content analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Heting Chu
      A total of 1162 research articles, published from 2001 to 2010 in three major journals of library and information science (LIS), are analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively in order to address some recurring themes about research method selection and application in the scholarly domain. This study shows that LIS scholars utilize a greater number and wider variety of research methods than before. Replacing the dominant positions that questionnaire survey and historical method previously held, content analysis, experiment, and theoretical approach have become the top choices of research methods in the field. This study also examines two recurring themes regarding research methods in the LIS field, namely, use of multiple methods in one study and adoption of the qualitative approach, but finds no conclusive evidence of increased implementation of either practice. More efforts in the form of education, training and advocacy are therefore needed to help LIS scholars gain a better understanding of research methods and make more informed decisions on research method selection and implementation in their scholarly endeavors.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • Reflections of affect in studies of information behavior in HIV/AIDS
           contexts: An exploratory quantitative content analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Heidi Julien , Ina Fourie
      Information seeking and use are critically important for people living with HIV/AIDS and for those who care for people with HIV/AIDS. In addition, the HIV/AIDS context is characterized by significant affective or emotional aspects including stigma, fear, and coping. Thus, studies of information behavior in this context should be expected to take account of emotional variables. In information behavior scholarship, emotional variables have been marginalized in favor of a focus on cognitive aspects, although in recent years greater attention has been paid to the affective realm. This study used quantitative content analysis to explore the degree to which information behavior studies across a range of disciplines actually include affect or emotion in their analyses. Findings suggest that most studies pay little or no attention to these variables, and that attention has not changed over the past 20years. Those studies that do account for emotion, however, provide excellent examples of information behavior research that can lead the way for future work.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • How important is computing technology for library and information science
           research?
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Mike Thelwall , Nabeil Maflahi
      Computers in library and information science (LIS) research have been an object of study or a tool for research for at least fifty years, but how central are computers to the discipline now? This research analyses the titles, abstracts, and keywords of forty years of articles in LIS-classified journals for trends related to computing technologies. The proportion of Scopus LIS articles mentioning some aspect of computing in their title, abstract, or keywords increased steadily from 1986 to 2000, then stabilised at about two thirds, indicating a continuing dominance of computers in most LIS research. Within this general trend, many computer-related terms have peaked and then declined in popularity. For example, the proportion of Scopus LIS article titles, abstracts, or keywords that included the terms “computer” or “computing” decreased fairly steadily from about 20% in 1975 to 5% in 2013, and the proportion explicitly mentioning the web peaked at 18% in 2002. Parallel analyses suggest that computing is substantially less important in two related disciplines: education and communication, and so it should be seen as a key aspect of the LIS identity.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
  • When are LibQUAL+® and LibQUAL+® Lite scores psychometrically
           comparable?
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2015
      Source:Library & Information Science Research
      Author(s): Prathiba Natesan , Hector F. Ponce , Armando Chavez
      Planned missingness in commonly administered proportions of LibQUAL+® and Lite instruments may lead to loss of information. Data from three previous administrations of LibQUAL+® protocol were used to simulate data representing five proportions of administration. Statistics of interest (i.e., means, adequacy and superiority gaps, standard deviations, and Pearson and polychoric correlations) and their confidence intervals (CIs) from simulated and real data were compared. All CIs for the statistics of interest for simulated data contained the original values. Root mean squared errors, and absolute and relative biases showed that accuracy in the estimates decreased with increase in Lite proportion. The recommendation is to administer the Lite version to not more than 20% of the respondents if the purpose of the data collection is to conduct any inferential analysis. If researchers are interested in calculating means alone, up to 80% Lite version may be used to capture the true values adequately. However, standard deviations need to be interpreted to understand the quality of the means. Loss of accuracy in estimates may be compounded in analyses that use at least two statistics of interest.


      PubDate: 2015-02-23T08:45:30Z
       
 
 
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