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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1380  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3158 journals]
  • Preschool children's preferences for library activities: Laddering
           interviews in Chinese public libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Pianran Wang, Jianhua Xu, Yingying Wu Evaluations of preschool children’s library programs and activities have for the most part been based on effectiveness with respect to parameters such as reading and literacy, while the preferences of the children have been ignored. This study uses the laddering method to identify Chinese preschool children’s preferences for certain library activities. Thirty-four children were recruited from three activities at three Chinese public libraries. The laddering method proved effective in revealing the preschoolers’ library activity preferences and the reasons for those preferences from the perspective of personal value. The results suggest that library activity designers should consider factors such as familiarity, newness, ease, presence of friends and peers, and joy.
       
  • Editorial: Greetings and reflections from the new editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 1Author(s):
       
  • Organizational network analysis: A study of a university library from a
           network efficiency perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Anna Ujwary-Gil A library is a particular kind of organization. It plays a valuable role and is dedicated mainly to the development and growth of society. Analyzing a library from the perspective of a network of relations and ties, which exist between social and technical network nodes, contributes to a more nuanced assessment of effectiveness. Building on social network analysis and going beyond human relations in a library, this study examines perceptions related to knowledge and skills, resources, and tasks, identified through a survey conducted at the university library in Warsaw. Overall, the analyzed library is characterized by redundancy and congruence of knowledge, resources, and tasks required at the library (organizational) level and at the particular node (employee) level. Analyzing the network efficiency of a library is a new and valuable research design which uses a unique network measurement that should attract more interest in the future. This form of analysis gives managers the tools to dynamize relations and understand the flow, use, and sharing of resources or knowledge within a library context. However, more studies in the public sector would be invaluable in order to formulate new theories or conclusions.
       
  • Avoiding misleading information: A study of complementary medicine online
           information for cancer patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Carlo Bianchini, Ivana Truccolo, Ettore Bidoli, CRO Information Quality Assessment Group, Mauro Mazzocut Health misinformation can severely affect human behaviour, especially in controversial areas such as that of complementary medicine. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 16 web pages to identify different kinds of falsehoods, to estimate the risk of running into deceptive information, and to observe the differences among experts' and one layperson's assessments. Almost all analyzed claims were unfounded. Unexpectedly, the experts agreed more often on considering analyzed scientific statements to be correct rather than incorrect. However, half of the time, the experts did not agree, so that the correctness of some claims remained undefined. A statistically significant risk of running into unfounded information and incorrect or undefined claims was found. There was a low agreement between the expert and layperson evaluation. The results of this study can help consumer health librarians to interpret cues of potentially misleading information about controversial issues and thereby improve their information and communication services.
       
  • Learning bodies: Sensory experience in the information commons
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Andrew M. Cox Despite the digital shift, university libraries have grown in importance as places where students come to learn. Interest in designing better spaces has led to a flowering of user experience studies. Such research into how students use library space could usefully be informed by the theory of embodied cognition, which emphasises the role of the body in thinking and learning. This study explores students' embodied experience of an information commons building. Data were gathered from participatory walking interviews, where students were asked to give the interviewer a guided tour of the building. Findings revealed the way that particular combinations of sensory experience contributed to particular forms of learning. Very small movements or choices seem to reconfigure space significantly. This research also draws attention to the way that different learning atmospheres are actively constructed. The findings contribute a new perspective on inquiry into the use of library space. The potential implication for libraries is the need for more fine grained analysis of use experience from a sensory perspective and for teachers and learners to more explicitly reflect on the role of the body in learning.
       
  • An assessment matrix for library makerspaces
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Aijuan Cun, Samuel Abramovich, Jordan M. Smith The emergence of maker culture has led to an increase of makerspaces across a variety of educational organizations, including public libraries. These makerspaces provide library patrons with new opportunities to learn and create through exploration, creation, and play. However, as the number of library makerspaces grows, so does the need for assessing learning in those same spaces. There is a small amount of research completed on assessing learning of makerspaces in public libraries. The researchers in this study examine patron use of a library makerspace through a theoretical framework based on modern assessment research. Soon after the study began, it was necessary to rethink the original research questions and methods in order to better understand how assessment could be effectively implemented. Findings include determining the scope of library makerspace participants and their assessment needs, potential assessments that can address those needs, and design implications for assessments in library makerspaces.
       
  • Leveraging library trust to combat misinformation on social media
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): M. Connor Sullivan One reason librarians are confident they have a role to play in fighting misinformation is the level of trust in libraries as institutions. Exactly how they might leverage that trust remains unclear and untested. Building on recent work in correcting health misperceptions on social media, this study tests whether libraries can leverage trust to combat misinformation online. Using a misperception about the influenza vaccine as a test case, an experiment (n = 625) was conducted in fall 2018 using Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Results suggest that the misperception can be reduced, but not by library institutions. An unsuccessful follow-up (n = 600) suggests that the effectiveness of the correction is season dependent and opens the possibility that libraries may yet play a role, but not necessarily because they are trusted. Future library proposals for combating misinformation need to be developed and tested within a broader contemporary misinformation research program.
       
  • Development of a scale for data quality assessment in automated library
           systems
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Mehri Shahbazi, Abdolhossein Farajpahlou, Farideh Osareh, Alireza Rahimi A credible scale based on the opinions of system users was developed to evaluate and assess data quality in automated library systems (ALS). Development and testing were carried out in two stages. In the first stage, 77 dimensions for data quality which had been previously identified through a systematic literature review were used to develop scale items. The first draft of the scale was then distributed among a target population of ALS experts to solicit their opinions on the scale and the items. In the second stage, a revised version of the scale was distributed among the main study population, which included end users of the target systems. This stage used factor analysis to determine the final draft of the scale, which consists of 4 factors and 62 items. The 4 factors were named after the qualities of their associated items: Data Content Quality, Data Organizational Quality, Data Presentation Quality, and Data Usage Quality. This scale can help system managers identify and resolve potential problems in the systems they manage and can also aid in evaluating the quality of data sources based on the opinions of end users.
       
  • Information activities within information horizons: A case for college
           students' personal information management
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Donghee Sinn, Sujin Kim, Sue Yeon Syn Personal information management behaviors appear differently by sources and by context. This study investigates personal information spaces from a quantitative approach and factors specific information behaviors and sources into information contexts. Using the information source horizon theory as a theoretical framework, college students' information behaviors to specific information sources were investigated in three personal information contexts (academic, health, and personal history contexts). In the college setting, students' personal information horizons echo the findings of previous studies that information contexts determine information horizons in general. In addition, specific information behaviors (collect, organize, and utilize) in this study are an important factor to influence personal information horizons. Certain information activities are observed in similar patterns regardless of contexts. The study suggests that the Information Horizon theory could be expanded to include information behaviors as an important determinant. From the data, radar charts visually present the relationships between information sources and activities, and they served as a collective form of information horizon maps.
       
  • Entertainment media and the information practices of queer individuals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Diana Floegel, Kaitlin L. Costello While LIS literature addresses queer individuals' information practices in certain contexts, a gap exists in understanding interactions with entertainment media (EM), which can be broadly defined as fictional and creative non-fiction content such as movies and television. Ten semi-structured interviews with queer individuals and content analysis of EM resources using constructivist grounded theory found that participants viewed EM as a salient part of their identity-related information practices. In particular, participants engaged in discovery practices that included seeking, satisficing, and triangulation, and consumption practices that included validation, fact-finding, evaluation, and creation. Participants discussed the complex and contextual positive and negative attributes of queer-representative EM, as well as their experiences attempting to access such content in information institutions. Findings suggest ways in which knowledge workers may improve EM-related information systems and services to better assist queer individuals.
       
  • Mapping differences in access to public libraries by travel mode and time
           of day
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jeff Allen Public libraries strive to provide everyone in their surrounding communities the ability to access their information and services. However, previous research indicates that the closer someone lives to a library, the more likely they are to visit, while reduced proximity can dissuade or even prevent people from visiting. This study extends upon existing research on spatial access to libraries to detail a methodology for measuring how access can differ temporally, either by time of day or by the day of the week, as well as by available travel mode. This is exemplified in a case study of access to libraries in Regina, Canada, finding that those who are reliant on public transit have substantially less access to public libraries than those with a private car. Results also show that travelling to libraries during the morning, evening, or weekend takes longer, on average, than during weekday afternoons due to reduced opening hours.
       
  • Farewell and 2018 acknowledgements
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Candy Schwartz
       
  • Conceptualizing the information seeking of college students on the autism
           spectrum through participant viewpoint ethnography
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Nancy Everhart, Kristie L. Escobar Due to increased numbers of diagnoses, targeted programs and initiatives, more students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending college (Heflin & Isbell, 2012; Zager & Alpern, 2007) but academic librarians and their staffs have not been trained to optimally serve this growing population. Utilizing wayfinding, think aloud protocol (TAP), retrospective think aloud protocol (RTAP), and a wearable camera, the actions, thoughts and feelings of a student with ASD and a neurotypical peer are evidenced as they navigate their campus library in search of materials. The library website, virtual maps to resource locations, and library workers served equally as enablers and barriers to both students in their information seeking. This study demonstrates that participant viewpoint ethnography is a viable research methodology for both neurotypical college students and those with autism.
       
  • Different mysteries, different lore: An examination of inherited
           referencing behaviors in academic mentoring
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): S. Craig Finlay, Chaoqun Ni, Cassidy Sugimoto Library and information science (LIS) dissertations cite a wide variety of literature, reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field. A review of 76 LIS dissertations was undertaken to determine whether the disciplinary background of the dissertation adviser influences the citing behaviors of the dissertation author. Of the 76 dissertations, 38 were advised by individuals with a disciplinary background in LIS and 38 were advised by individuals with a disciplinary background outside of LIS. The Library of Congress subclass for each citation was determined according the venue of publication. The most cited authors overall and by each group were determined, as well as the percentage of citations to LIS literature over time. LIS-advised dissertations were found to have cited a wide variety of literature. The percentage of citations in LIS-advised dissertations to LIS literature has declined from a peak of 59% to 21%. Citations to the most-cited authors in each group were largely exclusive to the LIS-advised dissertations, and nonLIS-advised dissertations generally do not appear to cite the same bodies of academic literature.
       
  • Habitual wayfinding in academic libraries: Evidence from a liberal arts
           college
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jiebei Luo Habitual wayfinding is a revised wayfinding model for academic libraries, where there is a high percentage of repeat users. Using the unique spatial characteristics of a specific academic library, this study explores the wayfinding patterns of repeat users and evaluates the impact of patrons' travel habits on their library space usage. The GIS tool ArcMap is employed to visualize library traffic and detect potential patterns of habitual wayfinding. The impact of habitual wayfinding behaviors on library space usage is analyzed. Findings suggest that travel habits formed through past frequent actions can lead to consistent navigation preferences toward certain function units and significant usage differences even within the same function unit in a library. In addition to proposing this modified wayfinding framework and studying its relevance in explaining library space usage patterns, this study also makes a methodological contribution through a novel approach of detecting potential traffic patterns by visualizing routing data and quantifying its details at the route segment level. The framework, methodology, and findings have important implications for understanding space use in academic libraries and can be valuable to libraries considering conducting space evaluation and space rearrangement projects.
       
  • Quality and clarity of health information on Q&A sites
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Samuel Kai Wah Chu, Hong Huang, Wendy Nga Man Wong, Wouter F. van Ginneken, Kendra M. Wu, Miu Yan Hung This study investigated the quality and clarity of health information from a total of 238 (126 English and 112 Chinese) answers retrieved from Yahoo!Answers sites. Registered nurses and library professionals judged information quality based on 8 criteria: accuracy, completeness, relevance, readability, verifiability, professional advice, usefulness and non-commercialization. Writing clarity was assessed through rhetorical structure analysis. Results showed that 46% of answers were of poor quality. Furthermore, many Q&A site users were unable to distinguish adequately between high- and low-quality answers. Only 60% of their selected best-answers corresponded to those of the health professionals. These results indicate that the reliability of health information on Q&A sites is questionable. This unreliability may partially be due to the fact that Q&A site answers contain both medical information and social support. Although both are important, they are not always compatible. It may even be dangerous to mistakenly present social support as objective medical information. This research suggests that medical advice and social support should be separated. This has a further advantage in that medical advice could be subjected to stringent, necessary quality assurance measures, without interfering with social support.
       
  • What the framework means to me: Attitudes of academic librarians toward
           the ACRL framework for information literacy for higher education
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Melissa Gross, Don Latham, Heidi Julien Findings from in-depth interviews with academic librarians reveal initial perceptions of the value of the new Association of College and Research Libraries' Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education and information about individual experiences in implementing the framework into information literacy skills instruction. Fifteen academic librarians, recruited through the ILI-L listserv, participated in Skype interviews that averaged 50 min in length. Participants shared that the Framework has had an impact on their teaching, helps them to better articulate the role of the librarian and the concept of information literacy, supports collaboration with faculty, and presents new empirical research opportunities for academic librarians. At the same time, acceptance of the Framework by librarians has not been universal, implementing the Framework into one-shot information literacy instruction is difficult, and full implementation of the Framework may require a restructuring of how information literacy education is approached.
       
  • How we done it good: Research through design as a legitimate methodology
           for librarianship
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Rachel Ivy Clarke “How we done it good” publications—a genre concerning project-based approaches that describe how (and sometimes why) something was done—are often rebuked in the library research community for lacking traditional scientific validity, reliability, and generalizability. While scientific methodologies may be a common approach to research and inquiry, they are not the only methodological paradigms. This research posits that the how we done it good paradigm in librarianship reflects a valid and legitimate approach to research. By drawing on the concept of research through design, this study shows how these how we done it good projects reflect design methodologies which draw rigor from process, invention, relevance, and extensibility rather than replicability, generalizability, and predictability. Although these projects implicitly reflect research through design, the methodology is not yet explicitly harnessed in librarianship. More support for these types of projects can be achieved by making the legitimate design framework more explicit and increasing support from publication venues.
       
  • Process mining applied on library information systems: A case study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Elia Kouzari, Ioannis Stamelos Process mining techniques have already been studied in a wide range of sectors, revealing useful information on the processes. In this study, a five-step methodology is applied to an integrated library system (ILS) for the first time. Given two event logs from two different organizations the ILS, a process mining tool is used for process discovery and data analysis. The findings reveal that although both of the organizations were using the same system, there were differences in the activities, sequences, and approaches followed by each one in daily tasks. The results of this kind of analysis can be used to highlight best practices and improve processes. In addition process model comparisons can then be made across various systems and organizations.
       
  • Children's help-seeking behaviors and effects of domain knowledge in using
           Google and Kids.gov: Query formulation and results evaluation stages
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Hyejung Han Effective information seeking in IR systems is difficult for children because the designs of such systems do not reflect their needs and searching behaviors. A study of 30 8- to 10-year-old children explored help-seeking behaviors and use of help features when they formulated search queries and evaluated search results in IR systems. Data collection methods included performance-based domain knowledge quizzes as direct measurement, domain knowledge self-assessments as indirect measurement, questionnaires, think-aloud protocols, observations, and interviews. Open coding analysis, descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis were used to analyze children's help-seeking situations, types of help features used and desired, and the effect of domain knowledge on help-seeking situations and use of help features when they formulated keywords and evaluated search results in Google and Kids.gov. Findings suggest that children encountered help-seeking situations when they formulated search queries and evaluated results. Also they used help features when they formulated keywords and evaluated search results in using Google and Kids.gov and suggested help features that they would have liked to have had. Finally, children's domain knowledge affected their help-seeking situations when they formulated keywords and use of help features when they evaluated search results. This study provides valuable information to systems designers.
       
  • Does research using qualitative methods (grounded theory, ethnography, and
           phenomenology) have more impact'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Hamid R. Jamali In spite of the increasing use of qualitative research methods in library and information studies, it is unclear whether using qualitative methods (grounded theory, ethnography, and phenomenology) results in an above average impact in library and information science (LIS). Articles using any of the three qualitative methods published from 2003 to 2013 and indexed in Web of Science in the category of “Information Science & Library Science” (N = 299) were studied. The number of citations and Mendeley readers for each article was compared to the other articles published in the same journal and same volume using mean normalised rank (rank-1/articles-1). The results showed no statistically significant difference between the citation rates of qualitative articles with those of other articles. Qualitative articles on average had a smaller Mendeley readership than the other articles did and the difference was statistically significant. Given the increasing interest in qualitative methods, it is suggested that LIS schools in their education programs and journals in their editorial policies should put more emphasis on issues related to the rigour of qualitative research.
       
  • Developing the methodological toolbox for information literacy research:
           Grounded theory and visual research methods
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Alison Hicks The growing complexity of information environments calls for a reconsideration of the ways in which grounded theory method is employed within library and information science (LIS). This methodological discussion explores the synergies between grounded theory, information literacy and visual research to establish a research agenda for the extension of grounded theory method within LIS. The discussion draws upon recent theoretical and methodological advances to outline the challenges and opportunities of the proposed shift in focus for the development of a LIS researchers methodological toolbox. The ongoing exploration of grounded theory method is vital for the creation of richer and more complex theorising about the ways in which people engage with information within evolving settings and spaces.
       
  • 1 &rft.title=Library+&+Information+Science+Research&rft.issn=0740-8188&rft.date=&rft.volume=">Exploring the experiences of academic libraries with research data
           management: A meta-ethnographic analysis of qualitative studies 1
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Laure Perrier, Erik Blondal, Heather MacDonald Taking on responsibilities in research data management (RDM) has proven to be a significant challenge as libraries have adopted new roles within higher education institutions. A qualitative review using the meta-ethnographic approach was conducted that examined the experiences of academic libraries and provided clarity on contextual influences associated with achievements, as well as illuminating the reasons for deficiencies. Libraries experienced uncertainty around roles and relationships related to RDM yet were recognized positively as a neutral, centralized space within academic institutions. This perception, combined with the current approach of fostering partnerships and collaborations, may prove to be useful for libraries as they strategically consider how best to provide continued support and services in RDM. Understanding the perspectives of academic libraries on how they respond and support the demands related to RDM offers a fuller, more robust insight that is essential for planning and decision-making.
       
  • Reading as a lifeline among aging readers: Findings from a qualitative
           interview study with older adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2018Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Paulette Rothbauer, Nicole Dalmer Older adults who identify as readers and choose to read for pleasure in their everyday lives are understudied despite the persistence and pervasiveness of this kind of reading. The phenomenology of reading and critical age studies inform this pilot project that uses in-depth interviews conducted with five readers who are between the ages of 75–90 years and who live in Canada. Data analysis followed principles of close reading and thematic analysis. Findings privilege the voices of the older readers and show how their experiences of reading can be analyzed using the metaphor of reading as a lifeline that, in turn, bridges with notions of resilience and embodied information practices. Reading for pleasure supports resilience and a reflective stance on life among older adults. The findings call for other researchers to engage more readily with older adults and will be of use to librarians and others who provide services, programs, and resources to older adult readers.
       
 
 
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