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Library & Information Science Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.188
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1458  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0740-8188
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Nonprofit public libraries and technical efficiency: An application of
           data envelopment analysis to technology-based outputs
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Salomon Alcocer GuajardoAbstractNonprofit public libraries (NPPLs) with technically efficient production functions attain greater program and service outputs per registered user in comparison to peers with less efficient production functions. An output-oriented nondiscretionary data envelopment analysis (DEA) model with variable returns-to-scale is used to assess the technical efficiency of 339 NPPLs in the United States (US) in attaining electronic-, physical-, and Internet-based program and service outputs. Based on the output-oriented DEA analysis, 46% of the NPPLs are technically efficient in producing program and service outputs per registered user. On average, US NPPLs are moderately inefficient in attaining their program and service outputs. The DEA analysis also reveals that the inefficient NPPLs should increase their electronic, physical, and Internet service levels per registered user to achieve technical efficiency as annual input levels are held constant.
  • Acknowledgements 2019
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 4Author(s):
  • More than a shelter: Public libraries and the information needs of people
           experiencing homelessness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Louise Dowdell, Chern Li LiewAbstractHow public library policies, practices and services support the information needs of people experiencing homelessness was investigated using a qualitative-phenomenological design. Data were collected through semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with four homeless participants and seven librarians from four public library networks from a particular New Zealand region. The findings revealed that while none of the participating libraries had policies or services that were targeted at homelessness individuals, the libraries were perceived as providing services that largely met the information needs of their homeless patrons even if there were areas for improvement. It was noted that libraries could provide services that contribute to the strengthening of cultural identity and that policies and services should take relevant socio-cultural contexts into consideration. The findings inform public library policies and practices so that services could be developed and improved in order to enable equitable and effective use by homeless individuals, without unnecessarily segregating this user group.
  • Personal factors and personal information activities behaviors of faculty
           in selected universities in Ghana
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Antonia Bernadette Donkor, Williams E. NwagwuAbstractThis study examined how demographic characteristics of faculty influence their personal information activities behaviors, namely information creation, information organization, and information storage. Data was collected from a sample of 235 faculty in six universities in Ghana using a questionnaire. Age, gender, rank and university of affiliation predicted personal information activities behaviors in different directions and with different magnitudes. Gender made a difference in information organization and information storage while age made a difference in respect of information creation and information organization only. Faculty ages 4049 years created information the most, followed by those above 50 years. Males stored information more than females. Rank made a difference in information creation, organization and storage, but university of affiliation made a difference in information creation and information storage, and not information organization. It is common among information system designers and managers to implement information management systems without considering the differential influence of personal variables on human information behaviors. This omission denies information users adequate access and maximum use of the information in their information space. Institutional leaders and PIM systems designers should consider demographic and other personal factors of faculty in information literacy programs. Profiling of users' personal characteristics when designing personal information management systems will enhance maximum access and utilisation of personal information.
  • Older adults' health information behavior in everyday life settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Wonchan ChoiAbstractHealth information seeking is an important part of older adults' everyday lives as they cope with their health conditions. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 21 older adults in the United States were analyzed using Savolainen's everyday life information seeking (ELIS) model, especially its key concepts such as way of life and mastery of life. The interview data revealed that except for health care providers, a spouse or partner was mentioned as a credible interpersonal source of health information among older adults in a marital or romantic relationship. Characteristics of older adults' health information behavior in the ELIS context were identified based on types of way of life and mastery of life. For example, those who had more varied types of hobbies, including cognitive, affective, and social hobbies, were exposed to diverse people as they performed their daily routine, potentially resulting in different sources of useful health information. In couple relationships, those with an optimistic as opposed to pessimistic attitude toward a problem-solving situation played the information provider role rather than information receiver role.
  • Understanding relevance judgment in the view of perceived value
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jianping Liu, Jian Wang, Guomin ZhouAbstractWhile researchers have explored and proposed dozens of user relevance judgment criteria (RJC) in various situations, there is a lack of empirical research on the effects of RJC on user relevance judgment and how. The study sought to develop relations between RJC and situational relevance (SR) via four perceived values, epistemic value, functional value, conditional value, and social value, by introducing multi-factors perceived value (PV) theory and structural equation modeling (SEM). The study developed a RJC model basing on multi-factors PV and derived seven hypotheses to be verified. The data of the use of RJC and self-estimation of PVs from 453 people who were all participants of a national data sharing competition were collected by questionnaire, and then were verified and analyzed by SEM to test the hypotheses. The results verify the effectiveness of four PVs on SR with different levels. Meanwhile, it also suggests that RJC can function as the measurements of PVs and reduce RJC as well. Based on the above process, the study puts forward a new definition of SR based on four information values and verifies the SR judgment model—information value-utility model. The research provides theoretical basis and measurement dimensions for understanding and measuring SR. Finally, the theoretical and practical implications of this study are discussed.
  • The citation impact of information behavior theories in scholarly
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Brady D. LundAbstractTheories of information behavior have been developed and used in a variety of disciplines to describe the needs, seeking/search/sharing behaviors, and uses of information among individuals and groups in a variety of contexts. While the development of a theory is a complex, evolutionary process, often involving many thinkers over a long period of time, there is generally a single or small group of publications that can be pointed to as the genesis of a theory. The genesis publications for information behavior theories were examined to determine the information behavior theories receiving the most direct citations in scholarly literature. The findings of this study may be beneficial to library and information science researchers in identifying influential and growing theories of information behavior for incorporation as the foundation of their own research.
  • Gender perspective on information literacy: An interdisciplinary and
           multidimensional analysis within higher education settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): María Pinto, Dora Sales, Rosaura Fernández-PascualAbstractGender is a sociological variable that needs further attention in information literacy studies. This research uses a multidimensional subjective-objective approach to examine the gender differences in the information literacy learning process in a sample of students from different social sciences degree courses at five Spanish universities. Surveys are used to measure the belief in importance (BI) and self-efficacy (SE) they assign to a series of basic information competencies, grouped into the categories of searching, evaluation, processing and communication-dissemination, as well as the levels of actual knowledge (KN) they have about them. Non-parametric methods and factor analysis are used to evaluate the gender similarities and differences. Latent structures show no relevant differences by gender in perceptions (BI and SE), but different patterns are found in knowledge (KN) regarding the acquisition of the key information competencies. To overcome possible stereotypes and contribute to the construction of an all-inclusive perspective that fosters an awareness of the value of equality, it is necessary to incorporate the gender perspective in information and knowledge management studies. There is still little research in this field, and this study opens some paths for further works.
  • Understanding everyday life information seeking behavior in the context of
           coping with daily hassles: A grounded theory study of female students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Nilofar Barahmand, Maryam Nakhoda, Fatima Fahimnia, Mahin NazariAbstractStudying everyday life information seeking (ELIS) in a variety of contexts contributes to its conceptual development. The primary goal of this study was to understand ELIS in the context of female university students' coping with daily hassles. To identify the dimensions and determinants of ELIS, and to fill this current gap in the literature, a grounded theory study was conducted using Flick's stages of episodic interviewing with 21 Iranian female first-year university students. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through open, axial and selective coding. The findings showed that ELIS in coping with daily hassles is a multidimensional phenomenon that is affected by individuals' characteristics and sociocultural norms and values. Three main categories emerged as determinants of ELIS, namely normative status of the daily hassles, normative status of the information resources, and the individual's characteristics. Two main categories emerged as dimensions of ELIS which were type and strategy of action. Results of this study can contribute to the conceptual development of ELIS and may indicate how and in what circumstances ELIS dimensions emerge. The findings can also be used as a basis for developing information and intervention services in the context of coping with daily hassles.
  • Publisher's Note
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Library & Information Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 3Author(s):
  • Global representation in scientific publishing: Cultural contributions and
           methodological challenges
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s):
  • Effect of perceived ease of use on librarians' e-skills: Basis for library
           technology acceptance intention
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Roland Izuagbe, Nurudeen Ademola Ibrahim, Lilofa Osamienfa Ogiamien, Olajumoke Rebecca Olawoyin, Nwanne Mary Nwokeoma, Promise Ifeoma Ilo, Odaro OsayandeAbstractDespite the widespread application of technology in the 21st century, making informed decisions regarding its acceptance in organisations is a function of several factors, particularly in developing countries, due to factors such as rising cost of the information technology infrastructure and low technological exposure. A model that incorporated perceived ease of use (PEOU) and e-Skills to examine librarians' intention for actual library technology acceptance was tested. The correlational research design, along with a multistage sampling procedure, was applied to select samples to reduce the sample to a manageable proportion. Professional librarians and library officers in four university libraries provided the data for the study. Results showed that e-Skill is the model's strongest determinant of technology acceptance intention among librarians. Also, PEOU will significantly moderate librarians' intention towards library technology acceptance when e-Skills are insufficient. From these outcomes, the understanding of the determinants of behavioural intention captured in the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAT) is extended and refined.
  • How college students evaluate and share “fake news” stories
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Chris LeederAbstractThe spread of “fake news” stories online has become a pressing concern in the United States and around the world in recent years. Social media platforms enable the rapid spread of such misinformation and also make evaluating the credibility of online information more difficult. Since college students are frequent users of social media, they are particularly likely to be exposed to fake news. A survey was conducted with 63 undergraduate students in which they identified and evaluated examples of both fake and real news stories and reported their associated information behaviors. Results showed correlations between accurate identification of fake news stories and specific critical evaluation behaviors and strategies. However, students were unable to accurately evaluate their own skills, and their willingness to share fake news stories on social media was not related to accurate identifications or evaluations of trustworthiness. This study contributes to the understanding of not just how accurately students evaluate fake news stories, but of the specific information-seeking behaviors and critical evaluation strategies that are associated with accurate identifications and evaluations and with willingness to share news stories on social media. Implications for educators and directions for future research are discussed.
  • Modeling time-to-trigger in library demand-driven acquisitions via
           survival analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Zhehan Jiang, Sarah Rose Fitzgerald, Kevin W. WalkerAbstractConventional statistical methods (e.g. logistics regression, decision tree, etc.) have been used to analyze library demand-driven acquisitions (DDA) data. However, these methods are not well-suited to predict when acquisitions will be triggered or how long e-books will remain unused. Survival analysis, a statistical method commonly used in clinical research and medical trials, was employed to predict the time-to-trigger for DDA purchases within the context of a large research university library. By predicting which e-books will be triggered (i.e., purchased), as well as the time to trigger occurrence, the method tested in this study provides libraries a deeper understanding of factors influencing their DDA purchasing patterns. This understanding will help libraries optimize their DDA profile management and DDA budgets. This research provides a demonstration of how data science techniques can be of value for the library environment.
  • Cognitive authorities in health education classrooms: A nexus analysis on
           group-based learning tasks
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Noora Hirvonen, Laura Palmgren-NeuvonenAbstractSocio-technical changes have transformed information practices and challenged conceptions of cognitive authorities, referring to information sources that are deemed credible and legitimate and influence people's thinking. Cognitive authorities in group-based knowledge-construction projects in health education lessons were explored in this study. Nexus analysis was used to analyze participant interviews and video-observed social actions in three secondary school health-education classrooms (Grades 8–9) in Finland. The findings show how group-based projects employing multiple information sources offer opportunities for the distribution and co-construction of cognitive authorities. However, explicit negotiations on the authority of sources were rare. Cognitive authorities appeared as contextual and situational but also guided by broader discourses circulating in the scene of action. By embedding information literacy instruction throughout the curriculum, information professionals and teachers can support young learners to recognize relevant authorities in different spheres of knowledge and to become competent users of health information.
  • The economic value of library services for children: The case of the Czech
           public libraries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Jan Stejskal, Petr Hájek, Tomáš ŘehákAbstractPublic support of library services must be targeted towards children because these services play a key role in their development. However, no prior research has investigated the value of public library services for children. Specifically, earlier studies evaluated the value of public libraries as a whole, without considering library services for different stakeholders. The fact that children are not autonomous economic agents is another problem to address. These barriers can be overcome by using the contingent valuation method with parents/caregivers as the subjects queried and children used as the objects in this study. Thus, the economic value of library services for children can be obtained to support managerial decisions on services specifically designed for children. More precisely, this study is unique in that it develops a contingent valuation methodology for estimating the value of children's library services based on adults' willingness to allocate a proportion of municipal budgets. Both users and non-users were surveyed to verify the proposed methodology empirically. The results show that the perceived effectiveness (ratio between perceived benefits and costs) of children's library services is 11.2 (11.2 units of benefits for each unit invested) in Czech public libraries compared with 4.3 for a library as a whole. This finding confirms the essential role of children's library services, implying that public libraries should offer a broader selection of children's books and other services. The study also shows that the value of children's library services depends on the age, education and economic structure of the adults queried. In addition, their satisfaction with library services is another important determinant, indicating that public libraries can influence the perceived benefits of children's library services.
  • Political discourse: Do public libraries serve as a fertile ground'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Library & Information Science ResearchAuthor(s): Fakhar Abbas HashmiAbstractLibraries in general, and public libraries specifically, are social institutions. It is their role and function to educate, inculcate values and provide recreational opportunities to the community. The success of a democratic political system depends on community involvement in decision making. The role of public libraries in political discourse was assessed with three approaches. Firstly, the geographical characteristics of public library communities were explored using Geographical Information System (GIS) methods. Secondly, the resources, services and activities of public libraries were identified. Thirdly, community perspectives were explored using the five aspects of the “Spectrum of Public Participation” of the International Association for Public Participation (IAP2). The results from all three approaches indicate that the public libraries of Islamabad do not facilitate opportunities for the community to be consulted, empowered or involved in political discourse. Analysis of GIS characteristics, library services and community perspectives suggests that improvements in planning and commitment (especially infrastructure, budget and human resources) would enable public libraries to increase opportunities for Islamabad communities to engage in political discourse.
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