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Journal Cover Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
  [SJR: 0.617]   [H-I: 15]   [631 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0961-0006 - ISSN (Online) 1741-6477
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [839 journals]
  • Moving a brick building: UK libraries coping with research data management
           as a 'wicked problem
    • Authors: Cox, A. M; Pinfield, S, Smith, J.
      Pages: 3 - 17
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the value to librarians of seeing research data management as a ‘wicked’ problem. Wicked problems are unique, complex problems which are defined differently by different stakeholders making them particularly intractable. Data from 26 semi-structured in-depth telephone interviews with librarians was analysed to see how far their perceptions of research data management aligned with the 16 features of a wicked problem identified from the literature. To a large extent research data management is perceived to be wicked, though over time good practices may emerge to help to ‘tame’ the problem. How interviewees thought research data management should be approached reflected this realisation. The generic value of the concept of wicked problems is considered and some first thoughts about how the curriculum for new entrants to the profession can prepare them for such problems are presented.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614533717
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • The state of L-Schools: Intellectual diversity and faculty composition
    • Authors: Lopatovska, I; Ransom, E.
      Pages: 18 - 35
      Abstract: In recent years, studies of Library and Information Science (LIS) disciplinarity developed original methods for examining the disciplinary composition of the field (Wiggins and Sawyer, 2012; Wu et al., 2011; Zhang et al., 2013). However, most of these studies focused on one fragment of the field, specifically, iSchool programs. In order to gain a fuller understanding of LIS development as a whole, our study applied some of the recently proposed disciplinary measures to a sample of L-Schools, defined here as ALA-accredited LIS programs offering PhD degrees and not part of the iCaucus. Analysis of the faculty training and current research interests indicates that L-Schools are characterized by a strong presence of the LIS areas and notable interdisciplinary trends. The article speculates about some of the factors contributing to the iSchool and L-School differences and suggests directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614533718
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Highly cited articles in the Information Science and Library Science
           category in Social Science Citation Index: A bibliometric analysis
    • Authors: Ivanovic, D; Ho, Y.-S.
      Pages: 36 - 46
      Abstract: This study aims to identify and analyse the characteristics of highly cited articles published in the Information Science and Library Science category in the Social Science Citation Index. Articles that have been cited at least 100 times since publication up to the end of 2012 were analysed. We identified 501 highly cited articles published between 1956 and 2009 in 37 journals. MIS Quarterly published 26% of all analysed highly cited articles. The most productive researcher published 11 articles. Six bibliometric indicators were used to evaluate source institutions and countries. The 13 most productive institutions were all located in the USA and Canada. Harvard University in the USA was the most productive institution, ranked number one in the total number of highly cited articles, while the University of Maryland in the USA had the highest publication performance of first and corresponding author articles. Researchers from the USA contributed 67% of highly cited articles.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614537514
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Intelligence audit: Planning and assessment of organizational intelligence
    • Authors: Carvalho, A. V; Esteban-Navarro, M.
      Pages: 47 - 59
      Abstract: This paper presents a methodology to audit the functioning of an organizational intelligence system that covers all human, informational, technological and procedural elements involved. The methodological process is based in a triangulation of data, qualitative techniques and perspectives, organized in three phases: exploratory, intermediate and focused. A literature review, a participant observation and a case study in the intelligence department of a Spanish private security company are carried out. The results enabled the authors to propose the preference for an operational advisory audit, the operational principles, the procedures to define priority elements and aspects to be audited, the stages and the activities to be carried out, and the techniques and instruments for the collection and analysis of information. The intelligence audit makes it possible to identify the active elements and the relevant actions in the intelligence system and understand how they function within the framework of their relationships with the organization to which it belongs and its environment. The intelligence system should be audited by paying attention to strategic business processes and taking into account the organizational structure, procedures, culture and information behaviour involved. The proposed intelligence audit can be applied to the planning and assessment of any kind of organization due to its comprehensiveness and flexibility.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614536198
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Knowledge management in law firms in Botswana: Some lessons for small law
    • Authors: Fombad; M.
      Pages: 60 - 71
      Abstract: This article investigates the challenges to knowledge management in small law firms in Botswana and suggests some lessons for enhancing knowledge management. The growing literature on knowledge management has focused largely on insights into its use in large law firms. There is very little writing on techniques of enhancing knowledge management in small law firms. Although large firms may be seen as logical users of sophisticated knowledge management systems, there is an increasing need for small firms to capture and intelligently exploit their knowledge.This is because in the knowledge economy, these firms continue to play a major role in generating gross income and in enhancing economic development. However, not much attention has been given to knowledge management in small firms. This research uses open- and closed-ended questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and a literature review to contribute to the body of knowledge on knowledge management in small firms and promote an awareness of its use amongst small law firms. It also suggests techniques for enhancing knowledge management in small law firms. There is a paucity of research in the use of qualitative and quantitative approaches in understanding knowledge management in small firms.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614536428
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Library services for incarcerated persons: A survey of recent trends and
           challenges in prison libraries in Croatia
    • Authors: Simunic, Z; Tanackovic, S. F, Badurina, B.
      Pages: 72 - 89
      Abstract: The article contributes to the professional discussion of prison librarianship in the context of intellectual freedom and social justice paradigm. It presents results from a nationwide survey of the prison libraries in Croatia. Survey was conducted in 2013 through a mailed questionnaire that received a 91.3% response rate. The study set off to answer the following research questions: How are Croatian prison libraries organised and managed? and What kind of library collections and services are offered to incarcerated persons in Croatia? The results show that almost all correctional institutions in Croatia provide some kind of minimal library services to their inmates. However, prison libraries in Croatia are not professionally managed nor are they regularly funded. Further, their collections are developed mainly through gifts and there is almost no evidence of any systematic programming which would lead to constructive and creative use of prisoners’ free time. Although there are some shining examples, it is evident that prison libraries in Croatia are underdeveloped and in need of a new organisational and financial model.
      Authors conclude with concrete recommendations for improved library services to this marginalised population in Croatia.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614538481
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Media awareness among Hong Kong primary students
    • Authors: Chu, S. K. W; Lau, W. W. F, Chu, D. S. C, Lee, C. W. Y, Chan, L. L. H.
      Pages: 90 - 104
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the extent to which Hong Kong primary students have access to various media, how they evaluate the credibility of the media, what they know about the media, and how they choose among different media, as well as teachers’ expectations towards their students’ views and consumption of media. Since little is known about young children in the context of media education, this paper fills a research gap by studying the media awareness and use of upper primary students. A questionnaire on media awareness and media use patterns was given to the teachers, who were asked to answer the questions from the perspective of their students. The same questionnaire was administered to students during class time. The descriptive statistics of the data were analyzed and compared. Students believed that the most reliable media for providing news was the television, followed by the radio, the newspaper, and the Internet; about half of the students believed that they were capable of distinguishing true from false news; students were more proactive media users than the teachers thought. The findings of this study suggest that more contextual and in-depth approaches to research would be beneficial to assess the media use patterns of students, from which relevant media education models can be derived.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000614551448
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Book review: Carol Smallwood (ed.), Creative Management of Small Public
           Libraries in the 21st Century
    • Authors: Bundy; A.
      Pages: 105 - 106
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000615616476
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
  • Book review: Seth van Hooland and Ruben Verborgh, Linked Data for
           Libraries, Archives and Museums: How to Clean, Link and Publish your
    • Authors: Trickey; K. V.
      Pages: 106 - 107
      PubDate: 2016-02-08T03:36:59-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000615622089
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2016)
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