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Journal Cover Journal of Information Science
  [SJR: 1.008]   [H-I: 40]   [774 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0165-5515 - ISSN (Online) 1741-6485
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [842 journals]
  • Information: Interactions and Impact (i3) conference 2015
    • Authors: Reid, P. H; Cooper, K.
      Pages: 291 - 293
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516639853
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Information and the gaining of understanding
    • Authors: Bawden, D; Robinson, L.
      Pages: 294 - 299
      Abstract: It is suggested that, in addition to data, information and knowledge, the information sciences should focus on understanding, understood as a higher-order knowledge, with coherent and explanatory potential. The limited ways in which understanding has been addressed in the design of information systems, in studies of information behaviour, in formulations of information literacy and in impact studies are briefly reviewed, and future prospects considered. The paper is an extended version of a keynote presentation given at the i3 conference in June 2015.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515621691
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Knowing and learning in everyday spaces (KALiEds): Mapping the information
           landscape of refugee youth learning in everyday spaces
    • Authors: Lloyd, A; Wilkinson, J.
      Pages: 300 - 312
      Abstract: Refugee youth are faced with complex information needs that require them to identify and map the everyday spaces that can contribute to their learning outside the formal schooling system. The use of everyday spaces by refugee youth aged 16–25 was investigated using photovoice and interview data collection methods. The findings of the study suggest that the information needs and information literacy practices of this cohort arise from the desire to connect with a new community, to learn new social rules and to become established, while at the same time supporting the information needs of other family members and dealing with the social challenges that arise from cultural expectations. These challenges require them to connect with a wide range of everyday spaces to support their learning needs.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515621845
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Framing of different types of information needs within simulated work task
           situations: An empirical study in the school context
    • Authors: Borlund; P.
      Pages: 313 - 323
      Abstract: This paper reports a meta-evaluation of how to frame different types of information needs within simulated work task situations. This is done via an empirical study of teenagers and their teachers’ Internet information searching. Two sets of simulated work task situations were carefully designed to reflect verificative, conscious topical and muddled topical information needs of each group of test participants. The study shows that it is challenging to formulate verificative simulated work task situations and to incorporate curiosity in the muddled topical simulated work task situations. The results also show that the search behaviour of the two groups differs across the information needs, as expected, but also between the two groups, owing to the search strategy and attitude of the teenagers. This is seen by how fast they were at searching and assessing relevance, often using Google’s ‘picture search function’, and saving the reading in detail for later.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515625028
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Students collaborative inquiry - Relation to approaches to studying and
           instructional intervention
    • Pages: 324 - 333
      Abstract: In order to develop suitable pedagogical methods for inquiry based learning we need an increased understanding of factors that influence students’ work in inquiry assignments. The aim of this study was to investigate how high school students’ ways to work in a collaborative source-based writing assignment was influenced by their individual approach to studying and the teacher’s instructions and guidance in the class. The respondents were 53 high school students who filled out a questionnaire regarding their work on the source based assignment and the OPPI test of their approaches to studying. A factor analysis revealed three work patterns: a collaborative, a labour intense and a subject oriented. The results showed that the collaborative pattern was related to instructional differences, while a subject oriented work pattern was typical for students with a deep approach regardless of instruction. Instructional differences and study approaches also influenced degree of challenges in the project and, to a certain extent, learning experiences. The findings show a complex interplay between personal preferences and instructional interventions in forming students’ paths through source based writing assignments.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515621838
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • It takes a community to build a framework: Information literacy within
           intercultural settings
    • Authors: Hicks, A; Lloyd, A.
      Pages: 334 - 343
      Abstract: Information literacy practice plays a key role in the transitional processes of individuals within new intercultural settings. While this ability to adjust to new cultural contexts is increasingly important within today’s multicultural societies, campuses and workplaces, typical approaches to information literacy education struggle to scaffold the newcomer’s disrupted information landscapes. In focusing on prescriptive skills, information literacy standards position linguistic and cultural difference as a learning deficiency. Yet when alternative information literacy frameworks centre upon personal habits of mind, they fail to account for contextual dynamics. In this conceptual paper, the authors use research into the health practices of resettling refugees as an example to argue that a move away from behaviourist approaches to information literacy refocuses our attention on questions of adjustment and engagement with cultural understandings of information, and forms a more inclusive way to consider the diversity of today’s information societies.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516630219
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Everyday health information literacy among young men compared with adults
           with high risk for metabolic syndrome - a cross-sectional population-based
    • Pages: 344 - 355
      Abstract: This cross-sectional population-based study aims at identifying differences in the aspects of everyday health information literacy among young healthy men and adults with an increased risk for metabolic syndrome. Data were collected with a self-assessment-based 10-item screening tool administered at the Finnish Defence Force’s call-ups (n=2507, response rate 59%) and at health intervention study (n=571, response rate 98%). Adults with increased risk for metabolic syndrome seemed to value health information but had more difficulty in knowing who to believe in health issues and understanding the terminology used. The difficulties applied especially to respondents 35 years old or over. Men, and especially young men, had lower motivation than women to seek health information. Although the results are indicative, the everyday health information literacy screening tool seems to be useful in revealing areas that health communication should be focused on among different populations.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516628449
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • The adoption process in management innovation: A Knowledge Management case
    • Authors: Rasmussen, L; Hall, H.
      Pages: 356 - 368
      Abstract: This paper draws on findings from a longitudinal study of the adoption of a management innovation within an organisational setting. It is based on the findings of a case study that explores and discusses in depth a Knowledge Management programme that was introduced within a large distributed public sector agency in Europe. The aim of this research was to provide insight into the adoption process associated with management innovation. A qualitative case study strategy generates an account of the process of adoption through three phases (initiation; implementation; and outcomes), the episodes within each phase, and decision-making across the entire process. The findings contribute to the development of an extended and refined model of the process of adoption of management innovation through the consideration of the labelling, sequence and transition of phases and episodes, and decision-making. In this extended and refined model there are three phases with nine episodes, two of which are recursive; the phases occur in a linear sequence but may overlap, while the episodes occur in a non-linear sequence; and decision-making occurs within episodes, between phases and between episodes. The study makes three primary contributions to knowledge. First, it considers the process of adoption (as opposed to the more commonly examined process of generation) of management innovation. Second, it identifies decision-making related to the changes required for adoption of a management innovation. Finally, it develops a model of the process of adoption of management innovation that includes decision-making. In addition, the output of the study can be used as a tool for project management by identifying the questions to be addressed, and the decisions to be made, at particular points of the management innovation process, taking into account local contexts.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515625032
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Beyond REF 2014: The impact of impact assessment on the future of
           information research
    • Authors: Marcella, R; Lockerbie, H, Bloice, L.
      Pages: 369 - 385
      Abstract: The importance of demonstrating value for money in terms of academic research beyond the walls of institutions grows stronger as demonstrated by the inclusion of impact assessment in the 2014 REF (Research Excellence Framework) exercise for UK higher education institutions (HEIs). To understand if such focus is influencing the library and information science (LIS) discipline, this paper reports a critical examination of impact case studies submitted to REF 2014 under the Communication, Cultural and Media Studies, Library and Information Management Unit of Assessment. Content analysis was conducted on 25 case studies submitted by 14 institutions, establishing the methodologies, impacts, beneficiaries, published outputs and corroborative evidence reported. The implications of impact assessment on future LIS researcher behaviour, in terms of research conceptualisation and design, were explored through nine qualitative telephone interviews. While individual researchers did not anticipate their behaviour to change due to the introduction of impact assessments, there are anticipated changes across the discipline including a greater focus on engaging with stakeholders and research beneficiaries at early stages of research design and an emphasis on mixed methodologies to maximise the power and consequences of research results.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516636291
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • The census as an information source in public policy-making
    • Authors: Killick, L; Hall, H, Duff, A. S, Deakin, M.
      Pages: 386 - 395
      Abstract: This paper provides an assessment of the value of national population censuses as information sources with specific reference to UK census data and its use in policy-making. Mixed methods were adopted to collect quantitative and qualitative data from two sources: (a) a content analysis of policy documents; and (b) interviews with policy-makers in Scotland. The findings highlight that, although the general value of the census is recognized, policy-makers are not necessarily closely engaged with the census as a tool for directing the development and implementation of policy. This is evident, for example, in a lack of awareness of proposed changes to the census, and infrequent deployment of available data. The opportunity to change perceptions among policy-makers, and to expand the application of census data in public policy, is identified. With a novel focus on the deployment of censuses as sources of evidence for policy-making that includes the views of policy-makers from both within and beyond government, this work contributes to an established body of global research on international censuses.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516628471
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Linking for influence: Twitter linked content in the Scottish Referendum
           televised debates
    • Authors: Burnett, S; Bloice, L.
      Pages: 396 - 409
      Abstract: Twitter, the micro-blogging social media tool, has established a critical role in facilitating social engagement. Its low technical and economic barriers to uptake provide a readily accessible forum for public engagement with events such as televised political debates, and in this context provides a ‘backchannel’ to mainstream media, allowing users to comment on and engage in debates. Most recently during the 2014 Scottish Referendum, Twitter was used extensively by both ‘Better Together’ (pro-Unionist) and ‘Yes’ (pro-independence) campaigners. The aim of this research was to develop an understanding of the linked content present in tweets sent during three televised debates on the issue of Scottish Independence. Analysis of the linked content shows a broad subject proximity to the topics under discussion during the debates, but highlights the lack of specificity in relation to the peaks and troughs of Twitter traffic during the debates. The paper also highlights the use made of links to a variety of resources such as the mainstream media as well as more informal sources including user-generated image and video content to support political viewpoints, and argues that, while the use of such content is beneficial in terms of unifying perspectives, supporter activism and the gratification of the social need for connectivity, it does not act to convert political opinion.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515624355
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • Making sense of the past: The embodied information practices of field
    • Authors: Olsson; M.
      Pages: 410 - 419
      Abstract: This paper reports the findings of a study of the information practices of archaeologists, students and volunteers undertaking an excavation in the field. Conceptually, the study was guided by a social constructionist and practice-theoretical epistemological standpoint. Methodologically, the study employed a multi-faceted approach incorporating both ethnographic observation of archaeologists working in the field and in-depth interviews. The findings show that participants’ practices were both social and embodied in nature.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551515621839
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
  • (Re)presenting heritage: Laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural
           resilience and community engagement
    • Authors: Tait, E; Laing, R, Grinnall, A, Burnett, S, Isaacs, J.
      Pages: 420 - 433
      Abstract: Cultural heritage is increasingly being viewed as an economic asset for geographic areas who aim to capitalise in the surge in interest in local history and heritage tourism from members of the public. Digital technologies have developed that facilitate new forms of engagement with heritage and allow local areas to showcase their history, potentially broadening interest to a wider audience, thus acting as a driver for cultural and economic resilience. The research presented in this paper explores this through interdisciplinary research utilising laser scanning and visualisation in combination with social research in Elgin. 3D data capture technologies were used to develop and test 3D data visualisations and protocols through which the urban built heritage can be digitally recorded. The main focus of this paper surrounds the application and perceptions of these technologies. Findings suggest that the primary driver for cultural heritage developments was economic (with an emphasis on tourism) but further benefits and key factors of community engagement, social learning and cultural resilience were also reported. Stakeholder engagement and partnership working, in particular, were identified as critical factors of success. The findings from the community engagement events demonstrate that laser scanning and visualisation provide a novel and engaging mechanism for co-producing heritage assets. There is a high level of public interest in such technologies and users who engaged with these models reported that they gained new perspectives (including spatial and temporal perspectives) on the built heritage of the area.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16T02:02:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0165551516636306
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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