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International Journal of Police Science and Management
Number of Followers: 584  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1461-3557 - ISSN (Online) 1478-1603
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1075 journals]
  • The social construction of police heroes
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Jan Terpstra, Renze Salet
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      This article deals with the social construction of police heroes, an important, but often neglected aspect in police research. The dramaturgical approach as developed by Goffman is used to understand how police heroes come into being and how they can fall into disgrace. The social construction of the police hero is studied first by looking at the person of Buford Pusser, a Tennessee sheriff in the 1960s and 1970s who has often been seen as the most famous American (police) hero. From the dramaturgical perspective three different patterns can be distinguished that can contribute to the instability of police heroism and that can result in the fall of the hero into disgrace. Finally, it is suggested that social meaning and practices of police heroism are highly dependent on their cultural context.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-08-21T04:55:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719868488
  • Flag and boost theories for hot spot forecasting: An application of
           NIJ’s Real-Time Crime forecasting algorithm using Colorado Springs crime
    • Authors: YongJei Lee, SooHyun O
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      By operationalizing two theoretical frameworks, we forecast crime hot spots in Colorado Springs. First, we use a population heterogeneity (flag) framework to find places where the hot spot forecasting is consistently successful over months. Second, we use a state dependence (boost) framework of the number of crimes in the periods prior to the forecasted month. This algorithm is implemented in Microsoft Excel®, making it simple to apply and completely transparent. Results shows high accuracy and high efficiency in hot spot forecasting, even if the data set and the type of crime we used in this study were different from what the original algorithm was based on. Results imply that the underlying mechanisms of serious and non-serious crime for forecasting are different from each other. We also find that the spatial patterns of forecasted hot spots are different between calls for service and crime event. Future research should consider both flag and boost theories in hot spot forecasting.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-08-13T03:12:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719864367
  • ‘You feel dirty a lot of the time’: Policing ‘dirty work’,
           contamination and purification rituals
    • Authors: Camilla R. De Camargo
      First page: 133
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      Following the controversial adoption of spit-hoods by some UK police forces, most recently by the London Metropolitan Police in February 2019, this article contributes to and extends debates on physical and symbolic contamination by drawing on established considerations of ‘dirty work’. The article argues that, for police officers, cleansing rituals are personal and subjective. As a relatively high-prestige occupation, police officers occupy a unique position in that they are protected by a status shield. Reflections from this ethnographic study suggest that the police uniform can be used as a vehicle for contamination and staff employ purification rituals and methods of taint management.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T02:55:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719864365
  • Plural policing as professional strife. Municipal officers and police
           officers in the Netherlands

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Teun Eikenaar
      First page: 146
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      In the past 30 years, the introduction of new providers of policing services has meant that the policing landscape in many countries has changed considerably. In the Netherlands, an important aspect of this ‘pluralization of policing’ is the introduction of municipal officers: new, public officials who are employed by Dutch municipalities. This article discusses how front-line professionals themselves view these changes and the division of labour between the regular police and municipal officers. By interpreting their views as strife and contestation over professional domains and by borrowing concepts from the sociology of professions, it adds a novel perspective to the current debate on plural policing. The article discerns four views, two of which highlight differences and two of which highlight similarities between these professions. In interpreting these views, the article states that officers define their professions mostly by referring to fundamental argumentations about professional core aspects and higher values. This implies the ‘professional projects’ of front-line workers might be as important as their orientation on outside (societal) needs and desires.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-06-21T01:38:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719854107
  • The ‘Police Change Manager’: Exploring a new leadership
           paradigm for policing
    • Authors: Richard Smith
      First page: 156
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      The pace, complexity and extent of change in policing are unyielding. Therefore, police leaders must be capable and effective leaders of change. This article provides an exploratory analysis of the experience of police leaders who are responsible for delivering transformational and enduring change, through data collected during a recent study in an urban English police force. The findings show that although positive steps are being taken to improve the way in which change activity is managed and implemented, there is still some way to go. A disconnect was identified between those who are leading change within the headquarters function and their capability to do so. The need to ‘lead for today’ while also ‘leading for tomorrow’ is identified as a key tension at executive level. The article tests the hypotheses that leading change is a specialism of police leadership that should be recognised as such. Implementing the role of the ‘Police Change Manager’ is proposed as the approach by which a more capable and successful change function might be established. The article concludes with recommendations for maturing the approach to change in policing and proposes opportunities for further research.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-06-25T05:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719854104
  • The impact of a local community engagement intervention on residents’
           fear of crime and perceptions of the police
    • Authors: Steven Lockey, Les Graham, Tom Redman, Yuyan Zheng, Gillian Routledge, Laura Purves
      First page: 168
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      Policy-makers have called for community engagement to be made central to police operations in England and Wales, yet little empirical investigation has been undertaken in this context to support its efficacy. This article uses a quasi-experimental research design to review a community engagement intervention that aimed to develop citizens’ perceptions of social capital in their community, improve their perceptions the police, and reduce fear of crime and antisocial behaviour (ASB) incidents. We also develop and test a conceptual model that explores the mechanisms by which social capital may influence citizens’ fear of crime and perceptions of the police, positing that local area potency; the belief that a group can be effective in achieving its goals, may be an important mediating mechanism. Results of independent samples t-tests indicate that the intervention was successful in meeting its objectives in the area it was trialled. There were significant increases in social capital, local area potency, confidence in the police and perceptions of police community focus, and decreases in fear of crime and ASB. These results were generally not evident in a control area. Structural equation modelling results supported the hypothesized model, indicating that local area potency mediates the relationships between social capital and the project outcomes. These findings contribute to the limited empirical evidence in support of the positive influence of community engagement in the United Kingdom, and indicate that social capital and local area potency are important antecedents of citizens’ positive attitudes toward crime and the police.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T03:09:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719856039
  • The relationship between burnout and suicidal ideations among Jamaican
           police officers
    • Authors: Candice A. Wray, Sharlene Beckford Jarrett
      First page: 181
      Abstract: International Journal of Police Science & Management, Ahead of Print.
      Jamaican police officers often encounter organizational and societal stressors through their work in high-crime and low-resource settings. Repeated exposure to stressors, with limited opportunities for support, can compromise emotional well-being and increase the risk of experiencing burnout and suicidal ideation. This cross-sectional study examines the relationship between burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment) and suicidal ideations among Jamaican police officers surveyed in 2017. Jamaican police officers (N = 305) from five major urban divisions completed two self-report questionnaires. The results revealed significant relationships between emotional exhaustion and suicidal ideations (r = .17, p < .01) and depersonalization and suicidal ideations (r = .18, p < .01). However, there was no significant relationship between personal accomplishment and suicidal ideations (p> .01). Implementing programmes that offer access to adaptive coping or stress management skills and social support systems may reduce burnout and decrease risk for suicidal ideation.
      Citation: International Journal of Police Science & Management
      PubDate: 2019-07-02T03:16:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1461355719856026
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