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American Psychologist
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.594
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 198  
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ISSN (Print) 0003-066X - ISSN (Online) 1935-990X
Published by APA Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Reframing marginalization and youth development: Introduction to the
           special issue.
    • Abstract: The field of developmental science was revolutionized, in part, by the publication of García Coll and colleagues’ (1996) integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children. Nevertheless, much work remains as changes within and beyond academia will require greater innovation in the way marginalization is conceptualized and studied. In this introduction to the Special Issue, “New Directions in Developmental Science with Youth Experiencing Marginalization,” we situate the contribution of the integrative model within a sociohistorical context and discuss how recent changes push us to reconsider the models and theories that guide existing work with youth who experience marginalization. We also introduce a nuanced definition of the term marginalization for the field to consider in relation to research on youth development. We define marginalization as a multidimensional, dynamic, context-dependent, and diverse web of processes, rooted in power imbalance and systematically directed toward specific groups and individuals, with probabilistic implications for development. In the context of this discussion, we also highlight the important insights gleaned from the collection of articles included in this Special Issue and how they advance the field. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Contributions of the integrative model for the study of developmental
           competencies in minority children: What have we learned about adaptive
    • Abstract: The integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children (García Coll et al., 1996) is considered by many to have signaled a landmark shift in conceptualizing the normative development of minority children. Since its publication, the model has been widely used in child development scholarship to challenge deficit perspectives of ethnic-racial minority children and families, which were—and arguably still are—pervasive. In this article, we provide a systematic qualitative review of the research pertaining to what García Coll and colleagues (1996) termed adaptive culture, which refers to “a social system defined by sets of goals, values, and attitudes that differs from the dominant culture” (p. 1896), and which on its own has been discussed in 93 studies. We conclude with a critical discussion of areas of inquiry informed by the integrative model and recommendations for future directions in theory and empirical work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Theorizing the benefits and costs of adaptive cultures for development.
    • Abstract: Child socialization and development are, in part, products of adapting cultural systems. These systems evolve from the combined influence of collective history and current environmental affordances. They permeate family systems, shaping child development via numerous mechanisms, including structures and roles; values, beliefs, and goals; and parenting—to name a few. Recent growth in the study of child development among racial, ethnic, and cultural minority groups, which has been supported by important cultural-developmental theoretical advances, sheds essential light on the ways in which adapting cultural systems permeate child socialization and development in all families. Across this scholarship, there are numerous examples of the effectiveness of adapting cultural systems for promoting developmental competencies. There are also examples, however, in which adapting cultural systems either fail to promote developmental competencies or undermine the development of competencies. To address these theoretical and empirical tensions, we advance a set of propositions. Together, the propositions situate the developmental consequences of adapting cultural systems within multiple scientific traditions, including psychological, ecological, family systems, developmental, and biological perspectives. These propositions can support scientific inquiries aimed at identifying both the benefits and costs of adaptive cultures for development among diverse groups. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • The development of purpose in life among adolescents who experience
           marginalization: Potential opportunities and obstacles.
    • Abstract: In recent decades there has been a dramatic increase in the amount of research focused on purpose in life, demonstrating a host of benefits that emerge for individuals committed to a purpose. As with other constructs in the positive youth development framework, there is a paucity of work investigating how experiences of marginalization impact the development of this psychological asset among adolescents. To catalyze research on this front, we draw attention to potential opportunities and obstacles associated with experiences of marginalization and how they might affect an adolescent developing a purpose in life. Like García Coll and colleagues’ (1996) integrative model, our perspective includes sociocultural factors (e.g., social position, adaptive culture), an emphasis on intragroup variability, and discussion of potentially promoting and inhibiting aspects of marginalization. Following a description of existing research on purpose development during adolescence, we discuss how experiences of marginalization could contour the development of self-integrative, strong, and articulated purpose among adolescents. To conclude, specific considerations for future research are outlined, including how existing definitions of and tools for measuring purpose can be adapted to produce a scientific literature that values and includes the normative purpose development of adolescents who experience marginalization. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Understanding development of African American boys and young men: Moving
           from risks to positive youth development.
    • Abstract: African American boys and young men in the United States face challenges unique to being a male and an ethnic minority in our society. Despite the marginalization of African American boys and young men, this article argues that African American boys and young men, like other individuals, are in large proportion able to overcome adversity and utilize positive youth development assets and resources, and that focusing on capabilities and strengths is worthy of primary emphasis (Lerner, Dowling, & Anderson, 2003; Stevenson, 2016). García Coll and colleagues’ (1996) integrative model of developmental competencies in minority children lays the groundwork for conceptualizing the profound influence of racism, economic disadvantage, oppression, segregation, and other trauma-inducing experiences on the development of African American boys and young men. We extend that framework by adding notions of positive development and adaptive calibration to contextual challenges to account for prosocial development of African American boys and young men. We present descriptive and experimental research support for this approach and argue that it has the potential for increasing the validity, sophistication, and utility of developmental research on about African American boys and young men are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • New directions for racial discrimination research as inspired by the
           integrative model.
    • Abstract: In 1996, Cynthia García Coll and colleagues introduced a groundbreaking model that articulated factors that influenced the development of ethnic−racial minority and immigrant youth. One of the key arguments was that racial discrimination is a stratification mechanism resulting in negative developmental outcomes for minority youth, and this argument has been supported by several meta-analyses. Against the backdrop of the rise of White nationalism, increasing hate crimes against ethnic−racial minority individuals, implementation of national policies that disproportionately affect communities of color, and the shift to a majority–minority country, it is imperative for future research to refine key aspects of the integrative model that are intricately connected to these trends. The present article offers recommendations for future research in 4 areas: (1) expansion of segregation indicators to include mass incarceration and mass deportation, (2) expansion of the study of resilience factors among minority youth, (3) application of the integrative model to White youth, and (4) the development of comprehensive measures and utilization of diverse methodologies. It is imperative that future research clarify these issues to further understanding of the development of all children in the context of racial discrimination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • An integrative risk and resilience model for understanding the adaptation
           of immigrant-origin children and youth.
    • Abstract: We propose an integrative model for the adaptation of immigrant-origin children and youth that combines ecological with risk and resilience frameworks. Immigrant-origin children and youth are now, and will continue to be, a diverse and demographically important segment of all postindustrial nations’ populations. Synthesizing evidence across psychological, educational, and sociological disciplines produced since the seminal publication of García Coll et al.’s (1996) model, along with significant events such as a global refugee crisis, a sociopolitical “deportation nation” climate, and heightened xenophobia, we provide a model for understanding the current conditions immigrant-origin children and youth encounter as they develop. This new integrative conceptual model for addressing positive frameworks for adaptation provides a culturally relevant approach for understanding both the risks and resilience of this population. The model was designed to inform practice and future research in the service of immigrant-origin children and youth. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Using attachment and relational perspectives to understand adaptation and
           resilience among immigrant and refugee youth.
    • Abstract: Migration is a critical issue for child development in the 21st century. We expand on García Coll et al.’s (1996) integrative model of minority child development by drawing from principles of attachment theory and interpersonal relationships research to offer new insights into how youth manage and respond to migration experiences. Immigrant and refugee youth should experience better outcomes to the extent that they (a) maintain strong relationships with caregivers and peers who provide a sense of closeness, safety, and confidence during the process of adjusting to this life transition and (b) find ways to establish a sense of connection and belonging to the new people, places, communities, and social networks within which they now live. Strong bonds to people and connection to places (both familiar and new) can counter the social stratification consequences to minority youth development that are well articulated in García Coll et al.’s integrative model. The need for new and better strategies that promote the positive development of immigrant and refugee youth within their families, schools, workplaces, and communities is crucial, not only for individuals and families but for society as a whole. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Invisibility of racial/ethnic minorities in developmental science:
           Implications for research and institutional practices.
    • Abstract: García Coll et al.’s (1996) integrative model was a landmark article for developmental science, and for psychology more broadly, in outlining the multitude of social and cultural factors at play when seeking to understand the development of racial/ethnic minority children. The time is ripe to not only take stock of those advances but also evaluate the integrative model in the context of present-day research practice within developmental psychology, and psychology more broadly. The purpose of this article is to bring a systemic perspective to developmental science through a discussion of current practices in the field. To do so, we examine invisibility, or how dominant practices serve to overlook, silence, or dismiss knowledge produced by and for racial/ethnic minority populations. Guided by the interpretive framework of intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1991), we discuss three key questions: From whose vantage point is research conducted' What types of questions are valued' And who gets left out' We then conclude with recommendations for changes in practices for individuals, institutions, and the field at large. Importantly, although our analysis is largely grounded in research and practices in developmental psychology, it is also highly relevant to psychological science as a whole. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Moral meta-narratives, marginalization, and youth development.
    • Abstract: Morality, a central dimension of culture, is crucial for research on the development of youth experiencing marginalization. In this article, we discuss two main meta-narratives as moral frameworks that provide different meaning to the past and to cultural change: liberal progress, focused on the struggle of those who have historically experienced marginalization (e.g., racial/ethnic minorities), and community lost, focused on those who are experiencing some forms of marginalization in response to cultural and economic changes (e.g., rural Whites). Because these two meta-narratives represent a false dichotomy, we use relational epistemology principles—holism, identity of opposites, opposites of identity, and synthesis of wholes—to formulate an integrated metanarrative, community progress, to overcome this polarity and promote research on the development of all youth experiencing marginalization. Acknowledging and understanding these moral meta-narratives is crucial because they influence scientific discourse, political action, and policy that impacts marginalization and youth development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 04:00:00 GMT
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