for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Journals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover American Psychologist
  [SJR: 1.79]   [H-I: 176]   [200 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0003-066X - ISSN (Online) 1935-990X
   Published by APA Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Beyond happiness: Building a science of discrete positive emotions.
    • Abstract: While trait positive emotionality and state positive-valence affect have long been the subject of intense study, the importance of differentiating among several “discrete” positive emotions has only recently begun to receive serious attention. In this article, we synthesize existing literature on positive emotion differentiation, proposing that the positive emotions are best described as branches of a “family tree” emerging from a common ancestor mediating adaptive management of fitness-critical resources (e.g., food). Examples are presented of research indicating the importance of differentiating several positive emotion constructs. We then offer a new theoretical framework, built upon a foundation of phylogenetic, neuroscience, and behavioral evidence, that accounts for core features as well as mechanisms for differentiation. We propose several directions for future research suggested by this framework and develop implications for the application of positive emotion research to translational issues in clinical psychology and the science of behavior change. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Voice-only communication enhances empathic accuracy.
    • Abstract: This research tests the prediction that voice-only communication increases empathic accuracy over communication across senses. We theorized that people often intentionally communicate their feelings and internal states through the voice, and as such, voice-only communication allows perceivers to focus their attention on the channel of communication most active and accurate in conveying emotions to others. We used 5 experiments to test this hypothesis (N = 1,772), finding that voice-only communication elicits higher rates of empathic accuracy relative to vision-only and multisense communication both while engaging in interactions and perceiving emotions in recorded interactions of strangers. Experiments 4 and 5 reveal that voice-only communication is particularly likely to enhance empathic accuracy through increasing focused attention on the linguistic and paralinguistic vocal cues that accompany speech. Overall, the studies question the primary role of the face in communication of emotion, and offer new insights for improving emotion recognition accuracy in social interactions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • The microbiome as a novel paradigm in studying stress and mental health.
    • Abstract: At the intersection between neuroscience, microbiology, and psychiatry, the enteric microbiome has potential to become a novel paradigm for studying the psychobiological underpinnings of mental illness. Several studies provide support for the view that the enteric microbiome influences behavior through the microbiota–gut–brain axis. Moreover, recent findings are suggestive of the possibility that dysregulation of the enteric microbiota (i.e., dysbiosis) and associated bacterial translocation across the intestinal epithelium may be involved in the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric disorders, particularly depression. The current article reviews preliminary evidence linking the enteric microbiota and its metabolites to psychiatric illness, along with separate lines of empirical inquiry on the potential involvement of psychosocial stressors, proinflammatory cytokines and neuroinflammation, the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, and vagal nerve activation, respectively, in this relationship. Finally, and drawing on these independent lines of research, an integrative conceptual model is proposed in which stress-induced enteric dysbiosis and intestinal permeability confer risk for negative mental health outcomes through immunoregulatory, endocrinal, and neural pathways. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Online social network data as sociometric markers.
    • Abstract: Data from online social networks carry enormous potential for psychological research, yet their use and the ethical implications thereof are currently hotly debated. The present work aims to outline in detail the unique information richness of this data type and, in doing so, to support researchers when deciding on ethically appropriate ways of collecting, storing, publishing, and sharing data from online sources. Focusing on the very nature of social networks, their structural characteristics, and depth of information, we provide a detailed and accessible account of the challenges associated with data management and data storage. In particular, the general nonanonymity of network data sets is discussed, and an approach is developed to quantify the level of uniqueness that a particular online network bestows upon the individual maintaining it. Using graph enumeration techniques, we show that comparatively sparse information on a network is suitable as a sociometric marker that allows for the identification of an individual from the global population of online users. The impossibility of anonymizing specific types of network data carries implications for ethical guidelines and research practice. At the same time, network uniqueness opens up opportunities for novel research in psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • The psychology of neurofeedback: Clinical intervention even if applied
    • Abstract: Advocates of neurofeedback make bold claims concerning brain regulation, treatment of disorders, and mental health. Decades of research and thousands of peer-reviewed publications support neurofeedback using electroencephalography (EEG-nf); yet, few experiments isolate the act of receiving feedback from a specific brain signal as a necessary precursor to obtain the purported benefits. Moreover, while psychosocial parameters including participant motivation and expectation, rather than neurobiological substrates, seem to fuel clinical improvement across a wide range of disorders, for-profit clinics continue to sprout across North America and Europe. Here, we highlight the tenuous evidence supporting EEG-nf and sketch out the weaknesses of this approach. We challenge classic arguments often articulated by proponents of EEG-nf and underscore how psychologists and mental health professionals stand to benefit from studying the ubiquitous placebo influences that likely drive these treatment outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Addiction training in clinical psychology: Are we keeping up with the
           rising epidemic'
    • Abstract: Addiction has emerged as a serious public health crisis. Clinical psychology as a hub science has a long-standing interest in addiction and is particularly well suited to offer multifaceted treatment to those struggling with substance use disorders. To examine how well clinical psychology training is addressing this proliferation of addiction-related problems, we surveyed the directors of clinical training at all APA-accredited U.S. clinical psychology doctoral programs on 7 occasions between 1999 and 2013. The number of clinical programs rose from 181 to 237 programs across the years, with at least 95% response at each wave of data collection. Results indicated that less than 40% of programs had even 1 faculty member studying addiction, and less than 1 third offered any specialty clinical training in addiction. Results also revealed that both the percentage of programs reporting any faculty studying addiction and the percentage of programs offering specialty clinics in addiction have not increased over the 14-year period. We argue that clinical psychology training must bolster its focus on addiction research and practice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Adaptability—what it is and what it is not: Comment on Chandra and
           Leong (2016).
    • Abstract: Chandra and Leong (2016) propose a new model of adaptability: the diversified portfolio model (DPM) of adaptability. Further thought and research on adaptability is a welcome addition to the limited body of work conducted on this topic to date. However, in their discussion there is a lack of definitional clarity, and there is frequent conflation of adaptability and resilience. It is also the case that the hypothesized adaptability model is general and could apply to many psychological constructs and processes (not just adaptability). In addition, there are gaps in research suggested by the authors that have been addressed by other researchers and there is a good deal of contemporary adaptability research that is not cited. Addressing these limitations in future work is vital to the further development of theory, research, and practice in the area of adaptability. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Diverse perspectives are welcome: Reply to Martin (2017).
    • Abstract: Martin’s (2017) comment on Chandra and Leong (2016) highlighted (a) lack of definitional clarity of the concept of adaptability, (b) conceptual generality of the model, and (c) incomplete citations of the literature on adaptability. In this reply, the authors contend that lack of definitional clarity of adaptability is symptomatic of the multitude of definitions of adaptability by psychologists of diverse persuasions. Conceptual generality of the diversified portfolio model (DPM) stems from the choice of a broad definition of adaptability, which extends beyond the narrower definitions provided by scholars including Martin, as well as the capability of the model to mesh with this broad definition. Incomplete citations result from the choice to use a few well-known conceptualizations of adaptability for the purpose of exposition from among the thousands of extant studies on adaptability. The central point of Chandra and Leong (2016) is that diversification is an important antecedent and determinant of adaptability and imparts greater adaptability however defined or measured. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Missing developmental and sociocultural perspectives: Comment on the
           “Psychology of Terrorism” special issue (2017).
    • Abstract: Two critical perspectives were missing from the special issue entitled “Psychology of Terrorism”: developmental and sociocultural. From a developmental point of view, the fact that most individuals who engage in terrorist groups or terroristic acts are young men is critically important. Perspectives from adolescent development, neuroscience, and social psychology can shed light on why this is the case. In addition, sociocultural perspectives are needed to answer important community-level questions, such as why some communities are more prone to having youth recruited for terrorism than others. From these perspectives, it is possible to see clearly how discrimination, social oppression, and victimization lead to negative developmental outcomes such as terrorist acts. Lastly, understanding individual and community level resilience against terrorism is necessary. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Witch persecutions and torture: Comment on Alison and Alison (2017).
    • Abstract: In their article Alison and Alison (2017) argue that historical experiences speak against the efficacy of torture. In this comment experiences from the witch persecutions in Europe during the 15th to 17th centuries that support this notion are discussed. Converging data suggests that torture was often instrumental in making large numbers of suspects confess to flying children through the air to nocturnal satanic meetings, during this period. A comparison of the number of false self incriminating confessions given during the Swedish witch trial in the parish of Rättvik 1671 (before royal sanction of torture was given) and the parish of Ockelbo 1675 (after royal sanction of torture was given) is used to illustrate this point. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Toward a globally informed psychology of humiliation: Comment on McCauley
    • Abstract: There has never been a more urgent time for psychologists to gain a broader and deeper understanding of the pernicious dynamics of humiliation. Congratulations to the American Psychologist for introducing an article on the topic of humiliation and asymmetric conflict. Based on more than 20 years of research, a global community of scholars has established humiliation studies as a field of academic inquiry and has built a solid foundation of expertise on the phenomenon of humiliation and its impact. Open violence is only the tip of the iceberg. This commentary offers substantial clarifications and updates in support of McCauley’s article and invites psychologists to recognize their vital role in developing research and clinical practice to address the explosive consequences of humiliation around the globe. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Jerome S. Bruner (1915–2016).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for Jerome S. Bruner, who died in 2016. His long, and productive, life spanned much of the first century of experimental psychology and coincided with the launching of cognitive psychology, a field in which he played an indispensable and pioneering role. His innovative and provocative work constantly challenged the current “mainstream.” His impact on education has been equated with that of John Dewey. He was driven throughout his life to pursue the nature of the “human” in both his conceptual and empirical work. The model of an active organizing mind, “going beyond the information given,” informed Jerry’s work on cognition and led to the influential 1956 book A Study of Thinking, with Jacqueline Goodnow and George Austin. In 1960, Bruner and George Miller established the Center for Cognitive Studies at Harvard, which became a crucible for dynamic innovation across several disciplines and research approaches (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • George Mandler (1924–2016).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for George Mandler, who died in London on May 6, 2016 at the age of 91. Mandler was one of the pioneers of the cognitive revolution in psychology. He was instrumental in moving the study of human learning from notions based largely on associations to a view of memory as an organized, nested hierarchical structure. Mandler was also a major proponent of the dual-process theory of recognition memory, in which general feelings of familiarity are distinguished from the context-rich experience of recollection. He brought the study of emotion into prominence, suggesting how emotion and cognition are related. Finally, he repatriated the concept of consciousness from its intellectual exile under behaviorism, stating boldly in 1975 that the construct was respectable, useful, and probably necessary. Mandler edited the Psychological Review from 1970 to 1976, chaired the Governing Board of the Psychonomic Society, and was president of APA Divisions 1 (General Psychology) and 3 (Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Science). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Albert Pepitone (1925–2016).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for Albert Pepitone, who died on March 17, 2016, in Philadelphia at the age of 91. Pepitone was a renowned social psychologist and professor emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. His expertise in social psychology opened up areas that significantly broadened its scope, in particular calling attention to cultural issues. wrote extensively, including many scholarly articles and contributions to published volumes. Pepitone's research was largely experimental, testing hypotheses in cognitive, motivational, interpersonal, and group processes. He was active in several psychological organizations and was a fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Society of Experimental Psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Gerald Roy Patterson (1926–2016).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for Gerald (“Jerry”) Roy Patterson, who passed away on August 22, 2016. Jerry was an intellectual powerhouse who made fundamental contributions to developmental psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, prevention science, and special education. In 1965 Jerry became the director of clinical training at the University of Oregon and professor of clinical psychology. In 1967 he joined the Oregon Research Institute, where he continued to study aggression, marital conflict, and treatment. Ten years later, he founded the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC), where he remained for the duration of his career. Jerry received numerous awards for his scientific activity, including a National Institute of Mental Health Merit Award, the Urie Bronfenbrenner Award, the Presidential Award from the Society of Prevention Research, a Distinguished Scientist Award from the American Psychological Association (APA), the G. Stanley Hall Award from APA Division 7 (Developmental Psychology), and a Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society for Research in Child Development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Martin M. Katz (1927–2017).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for Martin M. Katz, who passed away on January 12, 2017 in Rockville, Maryland. Katz was the director of clinical research at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; 1968–1978). Following Katz’s retirement from his administration and scientific career at NIMH, he served as professor and director of clinical psychology training at Albert Einstein College of Medicine Medical College in New York (1984–1994). Until his final days, Katz served as a participating and consulting scientist in the longitudinal collaborative research projects he and colleagues initiated to investigate psychopharmacological treatments for depression. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Paul W. Thayer (1927–2017).
    • Abstract: Presents an obituary for Paul W. Thayer, who died on January 25, 2017, at the age of 89. Thayer was an industrial and organizational psychologist probably most distinguished by his professional service. He was a fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), American Psychological Society (APS), and Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He received multiple awards for his service, including SIOP’s Distinguished Professional Contributions Award (1986) and its Distinguished Service Award (1990), as well as the APA Award for Distinguished Service to Psychological Science (2014). Paul’s most recognized scientific contribution was in industrial training. He coauthored (with William McGehee) the first scientific book on the topic titled, Training in Business and Industry (New York, NY: Wiley), in 1961, which is considered a classic in the field. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016