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Kalich Research Journal
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2708-1184
Published by U of Sindh Homepage  [8 journals]
  • An analytical Assessment of the Historiography of Mirza Qalich Beg

    • Authors: Mirza Dabeer
      Abstract: Mirza Kalich Beg was a renowned Scholar, Poet & Prose Writer of Sindh Literature. He was a well-known chronograms poet and an impressive narrator of this genre. He wrote many chronograms in Sindhi & Persian Languages. These chronograms bear a great literary significance. Some of this worn out, tattered and decrepit pieces of poetic manuscript were later obtained from chair of Mirza Kalich Beg Sindh University of Jamshoro. These include remnants of Persian & Sindhi chronograms. In this article these chronograms are analyzed in the light of the art of chronograms writing.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Positive Trends in Mirza's Stories Written for Children

    • Authors: Munir Hyder Laghari
      Abstract: Mirza Kalich Beg is the most strong and dynamic personality of prose in the history of Sindhi literature. He was a prominent scholar in the 18th and 19th centuries, who tried his hand at every genre of Sindhi literature. Mirza Kalich Beg always wrote purposefully and according to the need of the hour, based on research. He planned and took pen to fill the gap in prose in Sindhi literature from every literary genre – language, agriculture, occult, science, and astronomy to children’s literature. Here, planning means filling the gap in the literature to get certain results, meaning that Mirza Kalich Beg presented famous stories of world literature not only in the Sindhi language but also colored them in the local culture. The selection of that particular children’s literature serves the purpose of children’s mental growth, reformative, creative and thoughtful inclination, fondness for literature, language skills, interest in education, and knowledge of useful rules of everyday life. The importance of children’s literature can’t be denied even in today’s modern scientific era. It still has the same importance in every society today. However, the needs of the current period cannot be denied. Ancient children’s literature revolved around the stories of ghosts, witches, fairies, magicians, princesses, and princes while its scope is broadened to science and sociology in today’s modern times. But, the trends of ethics and humanism that have occupied a central place in both old and modern literature are and will remain the same. Science fulfills the needs of life’s survival whereas literature brings the qualities of ethics and collective life. Science does not compete with literature. No matter where the world of technology reaches, but ethical and humanistic values will have their basic worth. Similarly, children’s literature has a lot of importance in children’s mental growth. Different kinds of scientific inventions from the 19th to 21st centuries have undoubtedly changed the way of life, but ethical values have not changed from that period to the present. Those positive trends still have basic importance in a healthy society. Mirza’s children’s literature also fulfills those needs. Through this study, we will determine the usefulness of Mirza’s children’s literature in the present time.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • The Role of Mirza Kalich Beg in Educational Awairness (In the Light of
           Zeenat Novel)

    • Authors: Muhammad Fahim
      Abstract: Education is the process that brings about positive changes in the life of human beings as well as in society. Keeping in view this fact on top priority, Mirza Qaleech initiated a campaign of educational awareness in his writings. He was eye-witnessed of those days when people of the society had negligence of education. At that time, seeking education was a matter of shame for people in general and women in particular. Women's education was considered as a waste of time. Such circumstances compelled Mirza Qaleech Baig to write “Zeenat” Novel in order to inculcate the importance and advantages of education as well as female education in the minds of people. In this novel, he has mentioned outdated thoughts of people prevailed in the Sindhi society and suggested reforms possible through education for individuals and society.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • The Research Method and Critic Trends in Sindhi Literature

    • Authors: Dr. Abdul Hafiz Qureshi
      Abstract: The meaning of word research is “to investigate thoroughly” the multiple quarries. It is the scientific and systematic investigation of pertinent information or a specific topic. Both investigative and critical elements are essential features in research work; especially in the literary field. In literature, various methods are of critical approaches are applied to attain research objectives covering different social aspects of literary investigation. To pursue research in literature, it requires deep insight and immense concentration on the part of the Researcher. It becomes highly exertive when it is to the poetry of classical poets. Especially those who have Portrayed the religiopolitical and Socio-economic and different aspects of the society in his poetry and prose. Who has smartly depicted all the colors of life in his creativity'
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Aesthetic of Thought and Form in Persian Poetry

    • Authors: Dr. Fayaz Latif
      Abstract: Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy dealing with such notions as the beautiful, the sublime, etc. as applicable to the fine arts, with a view to establishing the meaning and validity of critical judgments concerning works of art, and the principles underlying or justifying such judgments. The word, `Aesthetics` first time was used by a German philosopher Alexander Baumgarten in reference to the perception of beauty through the senses. In the 18th century, it got the profile of literary and artistic movement under the slogan `art for art’s sake` and engorged all over the world. In modern times Aesthetics is not only supposed to be merely a study of beauty but assumed as an Aesthetical cram of all colors and cult of life and philosophical and artistic analyze the beauty of creation and cosmos. The Persian language is one of the literary languages in the world which have a huge treasure of aesthetics in its prose and poetry. Especially in this paper I have discussed different aspects of aesthetics in the poetry of eminent Persian poets, and have proved with reference from their poetry that Persian poetry not only possesses a beauty of imagism but the beauty of symbols and expressions.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • A simple study of ‘Homo-Structure words’ in Molvi Ahmed
           Mallah’s poetry

    • Authors: Dr. Altaf Jokhio
      Abstract: Grasp over ‘figures of speech’ in Molvi Ahmed Mallah’s Sindhi Poetry is unmatchable and exceptional. It looks very clear that he was cut out for Classical Hindhi/ Sindhi Prosody along possessing great expertise over the Arabic Prosody. Lyrical translation of Quran Majeed named ‘Noor ul Quran’ and his mixed poetry named ‘Kulyat Ahmed’ are his best pieces of literary work in the light of the different types of prosody. Whoever will read or listen to his sung verses (Bait), Kafi, Odes (Gazal) and lyrical poems would get mesmerized instantly and automatically. No doubt, he excels at all other Sindhi poets in using ‘Homo- Structure Words’ (Tajnees Khatti). Tajnees Khatti exists in Arabic. The script only which is a literal technique of using words in prose or poetry having the same structural look or shape of letters with different locations of dots as well as dissimilar sounds therein. It is very interesting to note here that this technique of Tajees Khatti is a noncompatible technique with Roman as well as Devnagri scripted languages. This paper is simply the data collection of Tajnees Khatti in Molvi Ahmed Mallah’s match-to-nothing poetry.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Persian and Sindhi: Language Contact and Influences

    • Authors: Dr. Abdul Waheed Kalwar
      Abstract: Sindhi is one of the most ancient and prominent languages of South Asia. Whereas, Persian is considered an important polycentric language of the Eastern and Central regions of Asia. For a prolonged period, it has remained lingua franca, as well as the official and cultural language of kingdoms of this region. In Sindh, it has long historical, political, cultural, and language contact with Sindhi. It has remained prevalent during different periods, in administration, judiciary, education, literature, and other domains, with having the status of the prestigious language. This paper presents the study of the Persian language’s historical background in Sindh and its contact with the Sindhi language and its consequent influences due to language contact situations. For this purpose, by using content analysis and observation method, the related written literature and spoken discourse were analyzed. Analytical results clearly reveal that due to the relationship of prolonging span, Sindhi has accrued deep linguistic influences of Persian. Especially, the inclusion of a lot of Persian borrowed words in Sindhi greatly enhanced Sindhi vocabulary’s repertoire. Besides, Sindhi also accepted some phonetic, morphological, and syntactic, influence from Persian. Presently, Sindhi is directly in connection with Persianised Pakistani Urdu. This process can further increase the Persian’s historical linguistic influences on Sindhi.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Techniques, Marks and Usage of Proofreading

    • Authors: Khalid Azad
      Abstract: In the field of publishing and printing, Proofreading is a very significant and technical work of reading of any writing- content or document, but it has been considered a fairly very easy job in Sindh. That’s why the newspapers and publishing organizations have been engaging learners and beginners for this very technical and difficult work. Usually, it has been considered that proofreading is just a work of comparison between original and typed writing and documents but it’s not never like this. Proofreading is also important and technical work like editing and other parts of the process of publications. Before printing a document or a written content, it is very important to carefully read it according to typography, grammar, and punctuations, this whole process is called `Proofreading`. Proofreading of the written material is the final step that must be taken before writing can be considered complete and ready to be printed. During the proofreading procedure, proofreaders should search in content for errors/mistakes lying in spelling, word usage, grammar, and punctuation. It is important to carefully proofread all written material/content as it maintains the beauty, worth, and authenticity of written work/content.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • A Brief Analysis of the Problems of Sindhi Society in Flash Fiction

    • Authors: Ali Raza Qazi
      Abstract: Flash fiction is a type of fiction that conveys a strong effect within a short time in a brief style. It is globally recognized nowadays. That is why Sindhi fiction writers are also writing this Flash Fiction. This paper enables readers to understand how Flash Fiction plays its part in giving the social details of Sindhi Society.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Technical and Aesthetics in Sheikh Ayaz's Geet

    • Authors: Aziz Qasmani
      Abstract: Shaikh Ayaz has been a legendary poet of Sindh. He was born on 3rd March 1923 AD at Shikarpur. His father Shaikh Ghulam Hussain named him Mubarak Ali. Later he became famous by his pen name Shaikh Ayaz. He has been titled as a great thinker by the Sindhi nation. He didn't gain this title overnight but rather he dedicated his whole life to the Sindhi literature and poetry. His books in 1962 AD. Many of his books were seized: 'Bhanwar Bhare Akas', 'Kalhe Patam Kenro' 1962, Compilation of Letters 'Kaak Kakor ya Kapri in 1963, 1964, and in 1968 by the then dictators. His stature as a poet was known when he molded himself completely into his poetic art.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Hassan NizamulMulkTulsi as a Muslim Thinker

    • Authors: Dr. Nasar ul Allah Kaboro, Dr. Muhammad Ali Laghari
      Abstract: On the various topics of history in Sindh, Rahimdad Khan Moulai has presented with homage and style, his work on history is extraordinary, which will retain its importance in every period. This aspect of his life is presented in the paper, which aims at highlighting the skills that Moulai Sahib possessed besides the historian, understanding his temperament and nature, along with his life story in this paper. As poetic thought is presented, history is a much drier topic than poetry, but Rahimdad Khan Moulai Shadai has dealt with both of these. His skills have been studied in this paper.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
  • Contribution of Qazi Family of Matiari in Sindhi Literature

    • Authors: Hafiz Saleem Ahmed
      Abstract: The literary and educational history of Matiari could not be completed without the mention of certain scholars of the Qazi family of Matiari. We find a fair contribution of some scholars belong to the Qazi family of Matiari in the fields of education, literature, and Kazza during the Twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries of Hijra calendar. There were prominent personalities in this family who had a great impact on the literature and education of Sindh. The first Sindhi prose writer of Indo-Pak subcontinent, in fact of South Asia, Akhund Azizullah Matiarivi was among renowned personalities of this city, he was the first person to translate the Holy Quran into Sindhi prose. Mukhdoom Mohammad Osman Matiarivi and his son Mukhdoom Abdul Kareem Matiarivi, who is considered to be the last traditionalist (Muhadis) of Sindh also hailed here. Apart from that, there was Qazi Mian Lal Mohammad Matalvi, who was the greatest scholar of Islamic Law, who was consulted for shaira and inheritance problems not only from Sindh but other parts of the subcontinent as well, there are some 2000 manuscripts (handwritten) of religious opinions (Fatwa) in his library. Among the scholars of Matiari, Qazi Hiddayatullah Mushtaq Matiari is also one of them. His poetry is full of astonishing and mind-blowing resemblances and references. He was well known among eminent scholars and without mention such scholars our Sindhi literature would remain incomplete.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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