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Hybrid Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2707-2150 - ISSN (Online) 2707-2169
Published by Royallite Global Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Between Revenge and Reconciliation: A Cultural Reading of Alex La Guma’s
           The Stone Country and Nadine Gordimer’s July’s People

    • Authors: Leon Bashirahishize
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: This paper examines how the South African writers of Apartheid—Alex La Guma and Nadine Gordimer—approach, in their novels The Stone Country and July’s People, the concern of racial evils brought by the discriminatory regime in South Africa. The study puts in confrontation two writers of different racial backgrounds and gender to explore how they capture the issue of racism that is corroding the South African society in its social, economical, cultural, ethnic, religious and racial ensemble. In fact, while La Guma is a coloured (black) male writer, his counterpart Gordimer is a white female writer. This racial attribute that distinguishes the two writers is particularly significant and plays a greater role in the analytical process to identify the common point they share and the point of divergence that renders them polar while approaching the same issue of racism. The discussion is guided by a Cultural approach of Foucault (1972) to understand the various instances found in the works that reflect cultural and social dynamics that pertain to the two warring communities (black and white) which populate South Africa. In the end, regardless of racial background, it is observed that both writers converge on the same idea that racism is a dehumanising and destructive evil that needs a quick action to stop and eradicate its aftermaths. However, the ways to achieve its eradication vary from one to another—La Guma basing on revenge and violence while Gordimer seeking for reconciliation to end racial discrimination.
      PubDate: 2020-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Gender and Sexuality Linguistic Taboos: A Case of Mɔ and Nnyabi in
           Ewe and Mampulli

    • Authors: Cosmas Rai Amenorvi, Gertrude Yidanpoa Grumah
      Pages: 6 - 26
      Abstract: This paper investigates the cultural underpinnings that govern the use or disuse of sexually explicit Ewe and Mampulli verbs mɔ and nnyabi (have sex) among native Ewe and native Mampulli speakers. A longitudinal study approach and interviews were employed to collect data over a twelve-month period among Ewe speakers of Aflao in the Volta Region of Ghana and Mampulli speakers of Nalerigu in the North East Region. Findings reveal that the cultural underpinnings that govern these taboo words are, first, the Ewe and Mampulli cultures regard sex act as a sacred thing and that using such explicit words in talking about it is too raw and uncultured; second, both cultures are patriarchal or male dominant; third, they permit polygamy but frown on polyandry; finally, the two cultures frown on homosexuality. This study provides a window into the Ewe and Mampulli cultures, and by extension the African culture, as regards the topic of sexuality. Moreover, it would enable the reader to fathom why the dominant African culture’s position on homosexuality is not a question of hatred but of culture clash.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Symbolism of a Journey in Selected Ekegusii Proverbs

    • Authors: Ogembo Tom Kad, Nyagemi Bwocha, George Obara Nyandoro
      Pages: 11 - 27
      Abstract: This essay examines how a journey is symbolically used to express different ideas in selected Ekegusii proverbs. The study analysed the forms of imagery used in the representation of a journey in selected Ekegusii proverbs. Further, the study investigated the symbolic meanings of the journey in the selected proverbs. Data for the study comprised twenty-two proverbs making reference to a journey. The proverbs were obtained from a purposively selected collection of Ekegusii proverbs; Atemba (2011), Ekegusii Wisdom Revisited. A qualitative research design that involves a self-interpretive reading method was used to identify and select proverbs making reference to a journey. The acquired data were analysed using the Stylistics theory. The analysis revealed that various forms of imagery are used in the representation of the journey in the selected proverbs. The study also established that a journey is symbolically used to represent human activities, conditions, situations, and conditions. The study concluded that the journey in Ekegusii proverbs serves both as a stylistic and educational tool.
      PubDate: 2020-02-19
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Sexual Exploitation and Gender Inequality: Lessons from Okoh’s The
           Mannequins (1997)

    • Authors: Rosemary Asen
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: This article focuses on sexual exploitation of women in Okoh’s The Manequins. The major character in the play uses women as toys for sexual pleasure resulting in adverse consequences for the victims. The play projects the fact that the male gender often takes advantage of their privileged position in the society and greater physical strength to exploit women sexually. This is a contribution to gender inequality in the society. However, this social ill can be curbed through measures such as continuous empowerment of women through education and poverty alleviation programmes as well as intervening measures for men’s enlighten against sexual exploitation of women.
      PubDate: 2020-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Beyond Creativity: The New Historicist’s Lens

    • Authors: Ernestine Abla Segbedzi
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: Literature is life and literary creators often times employ real-life happenings as resources in their creative ventures. Thus, such literary works could educate on aspects of life that serve as resources in literary creativity. Such phenomenon resonates with the utilitarian view that literature must have a specific function of education: morals, historical happenings of a group of people, rules, etc. This paper seeks to discuss some historical manifestations in some selected E3e drama texts: T4k4 At-lia, Fia Yi Dziehe, Ew4 Moya na Fiag7 Ag4k4li and Me2e Ablotsidela. The study is in five sections. Firstly, the introduction offers a general overview of the entire study while the second section discusses the data collection procedure. Sections three and four look at the theoretical premise and analysis of selected texts, where historical thrusts are revealed, respectively. The last section summarises and concludes the entire study.
      PubDate: 2020-02-22
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Révolte des adolescents dans le miroir de la vie d’Aminata
           Maïga Ka

    • Authors: Patrick Adamptey
      Pages: 36 - 55
      Abstract: L'article se concentre sur la révolte qui a occidentalisé les adolescents dans la réalité sociale; un phénomène interminable que la romancière sénégalaise Aminata Maïga Ka dépeint dans son roman, The Mirror of Life. Représentant des adolescents rebelles dans le monde romantique, Ndèye Cissé, Saliou Samb, Fatou Faye, Omar Cissé, Seynabou, Momar Ndao et d'autres incarnent les préoccupations des jeunes de l'Afrique post-indépendante à travers leurs paroles et leurs actions. Au plus près d'une famille africaine plus ou moins aisée, l'étude met en évidence que le raisonnement, la désobéissance ou l'entêtement, l'opposition aux valeurs ancestrales, l'exode rural, le recours au terrorisme, voire l'opposition aux idéologies sociales et politiques des personnes âgées sont entre autres les choses, les moyens inconcevables par lesquels les adolescents se rebellent. Les causes de la rébellion vont de l'hostilité culturelle à l'irresponsabilité des parents et des dirigeants de l'Afrique post-indépendante. L'œuvre dénonce également le déploiement intempestif des forces de sécurité, l'utilisation du pouvoir surnaturel parmi tant d'autres moyens négatifs que la société utilise souvent pour remédier à l'insurrection des jeunes. En bref, l'étude réitère le message d'Aminata Maïga Ka: mieux soigner les adolescents ou les jeunes africains pour parvenir à un véritable épanouissement.
      PubDate: 2020-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Changing masculine attitude to gender issues: A study of selected Nigerian
           male feminists’ novels

    • Authors: Gloria Fwangyil
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: Women have over the years been at the forefront of changing the negative perceptions about them in patriarchal societies. The feminist novel in Nigeria has afforded female writers a platform to express their sad experiences and desire to change the status quo. Interestingly, men who have hitherto shied away from feminist struggles have begun to champion the cause. Adopting the feminist theory, this paper discusses the contributions made by Felix Ogoanah, Abubakar Gimba and Tanure Ojaide in creating awareness on the need to change negative masculine attitude to gender issues. These male authors with feminist inclinations have used their works to sensitise the public on the dangers of women oppression and the need to protect their rights.  Also, the works of male feminists are geared towards entrenching a positive attitudinal change in male-female relations. The study concludes that complementarity between the sexes will encourage better gender relations.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Literature and culture: A critique of selected works of Kofi Awoonor and
           Ama Ata Aidoo

    • Authors: Nathaniel Glover-Meni, Samuel Bewiadzi Akakpo
      Pages: 47 - 61
      Abstract: Humans strive to attain excellence by instituting norms that guide the conduct of constituent members. This effort is the basis of culture. One of the key mediums for transmitting culture is literature because it possesses the capacity to influence the way people think, shaping their attitudes. This paper, however, underscores the relationship between language and culture, sings some selected works of Awoonor and Aidoo as illustrations. For Aidoo, the focus is on her play “Anowa”, while for Awoonor, two of his poems, namely “The Weaver Bird” and “The Cathedral” are used in unravelling the ways that literature helps the reader to achieve excellence in his or her endeavours. The paper attacks the monopoly of Western culture, exposing its hideous aspects, favouring multiple cultures, not one globalised culture. It calls for changes in aspects of Ghanaian culture that tends to suppress the attainment of full rights by women.
      PubDate: 2020-07-17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Deconstruction of Literary History in Margaret Ogola's The River and
           the Source

    • Authors: June Chebet Chelule
      Pages: 60 - 67
      Abstract: This essay sought to have a dialogue on the role of Margaret Ogola’s renowned work The River and the Source in retelling the country’s history spanning from precolonial times to independent Kenya through the lives of her female protagonists and their loved ones. The novel is semi-autobiographical because the author was inspired by her mother who told her about the lives of her grandmother and great grandmother. The study has dug deeper into Ogola’s contribution to literary history by engaging with her novel guided by deconstruction and new historicism literary theories. This study discusses how her work borrows from history, expounds on it and fills in the gaps in selective history while giving meaning into her narrations from a reader’s perspective. The specific objectives of the study were to celebrate the author’s life and contribution to literature in Kenya and to demonstrate how the novel creates value in the reader. The novel won the 1995 commonwealth Writers’ Prize for best first book, Africa Region.
      PubDate: 2020-05-28
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
  • Influence of schema theory on reader-responses to Soyinka’s The
           Interpreters (1965): A case of Kenyan university undergraduate students

    • Authors: Gerry Ayieko
      Pages: 62 - 78
      Abstract: This study investigated the effect of the story schema teaching model on Kenyan university undergraduate reader-response to Soyinka’s The Interpreters (1965). Schema theory describes the interaction readers’ background knowledge in reading tasks. Most researchers using schema theory have established that instruction of story grammar improves the reading comprehension of narratives, however, there is a dearth of studies that have investigated the effect of teaching strategy on the comprehension of psychological novels such as The Interpreters. A true experimental design which is the post-test only control group treatment with random assignment. The experimental group received experimental treatment: instruction on the story schema while the control did not. Three tests measured the dependent variable: a multiple-choice test story recall and story frame test of the selected passages from The Interpreters. One-way ANOVA tests show that the experimental groups were significantly better than the control group in all the three tests: story recall, the story-grammar, and multiple-choice questions. The story mapping theory can be adapted as a model for teaching narratives in order to enhance text comprehension by University undergraduate students.
      PubDate: 2020-09-16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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