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Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2622-5905
Published by Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Kendari Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Daun Kersen Berbasis Nanogel sebagai Alternatif Obat
           Stomatitis: Tinjauan Sistematik

    • Authors: Irfa A'innurizza Wildah Irsya, Linda Risalatul Muyasaroh, Shofi Ramadhani, Ariyati Retno Pratiwi
      Abstract: Indonesia. The estimated point prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) worldwide is 5% -60%. Natural products, especially plant extract as an alternative medicine, have found great attentions from 85% of the world’s population. Cherry leaves (Muntingia calabura L.) compound as anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant can inhibit the enzymes cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase so that prostaglandins do not form. We chose the topical application of gel using nanotechnology to make drug diffusion faster. This study aims to determine the compound of cherry leaves and its mechanism for soft tissue healing process. This study uses systematic literature review (SLR) method. We carried searching materials out with “Boolean search “method. The selected databases provided 1336 studies, and we selected 35 articles of PRISMA guideline statements. Based on the reviewed articles, it was found that the cherry leaf extract nano gel contained flavonoids, tannins, and saponins that could speed up wound healing in RAS by stimulating collagen formation, increasing the number of fibroblasts, improve re-epithelialization, and increase endothelial vascularization.
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI PANDEMI
           COVID-19 SECARA FISIK DAN PSIKIS

    • Authors: Naziha salsabila Naziha
      Abstract: The awareness of the Indonesian people in an effort to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) is very important to break the chain of the spread of this infectious disease, therefore the knowledge here is very much needed, to raise awareness of the Indonesian public about the very dangerous Covid-19 contagious disease. once for the world community in general and especially for ourselves, if we don't know what kind of impact it will have in the future then with knowledge we can do everything on the basis that we know and will be in accordance with the behavior that shows how someone behaves in this regard prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19), because it can be said with our knowledge and behavior patterns, especially the Indonesian people, the infectious disease of the corona virus (Covid-19) will end soon.
      Keywords: Knowledge, Behavior & Covid-19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Analisa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Osteoporosis pada Wanita

    • Authors: Rachmawaty M. Noer
      Abstract: Osteoporosis adalah suatu penyakit yang ditandai dengan berkurangnya massa tulang dan adanya perubahan mikroarsitektur (bentuk mikro/terhalus) jaringan tulang yang mengakibatkan menurunnya kekuatan tulang dan meningkatnya kerapuhan tulang, sehingga menyebabkan tulang mudah patah. Wanita memiliki resiko osteoporosis lebih tinggi dibanding laki-laki,   hal   ini   dikarenakan   wanita   mengalami   proses   kehamilan   dan menyusui   serta penurunan   hormon   estrogen   pada   saat premenopause, menopause, dan pasca menopause. Pada pria juga memiliki resiko terkena osteoporosis,   penyakit osteoporosis   pada   pria   juga  dipengaruhi   oleh hormon.   Dari data di lapangan tahun 2018 terdapat 14 orang wanita dan pada tahun 2019 terdapat 23 orang  wanita yang mengalami osteoporosis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor – faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian osteoporosis pada wanita di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam.  Desain penelitian ini menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional dan pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode total sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari wanita yang mengalami osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam berjumlah 31 orang dan data dianalisa menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil menunjukkan ada hubungan pengetahuan responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD  Embung Fatimah Kota Batam, ada hubungan sikap responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam, ada hubungan gaya hidup responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota  Batam. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh nilai koofisien determinan (Adjusted R Square) = 0,312 berarti 31,2% faktor pengetahuan, sikap dan gaya hidup dapat dijelaskan terhadap kejadian osteoporosis.
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Pengaruh Rendaman Ketan Hitam terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah di Kota
           Batam

    • Authors: Rizki Sari Utami Muchtar Sari
      Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus yang selanjutnya disingkat DM merupakan penyakit kronik dikarakteristikan dengan adanya peningkatan kadar glukosa dalam darah yang disebabkan karena kerusakan insulin yang dapat menyebabkan menurunkan jumlah glukosa yang masuk kedalam sel. Pemberian Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam   dapat menurunkan kebutuhan akan obat obatan kimia karena dengan sumber daya yang minimal dapat meningkatkan cakupan dan jangkauan pelayanan keperawatan tanpa batas geografis.Adapun penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pengaruh Rendaman Air Ketan Hitam Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Penderita  DM Tipe 2. Metode penelitian Quasi eksperimen. Sampel dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari 50 Responden dan data dianalisa menggunakan uji Cochran Q. Hasil diketahui usia paling tinggi pada pasien diabetes melitus tipe 2 berada antara usia 50-59 tahun (80%). Jenis Kelamin lebih banyak diderita oleh perempuan yaitu sebanyak 35 orang (70%) dibandingkan pria. kadar gula darah penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2 sebelum pemberian rendaman air ketan hitam adalah 262.72 mg/dl, samapai dengan pada minggu ketiga terjadi perubahan yang signifikan dimana kadar gula darah memiliki rata- rata 132.02 mg/dl. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan antara kadar gula darah sampai dengan minggu ketiga memiliki nilai p-Value < 0.05 yaitu 0,00 yang berarti menunjukan menunjukan ada Pengaruh Pemberian Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Klien Dengan DM Tipe 2.   Kata kunci : DM Tipe 2, Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam, Penurunan Kadar Gula  Darah
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Gambaran Hasil Penelitian Terpublikasi Tentang Pelayananan Kesehatan
           Terhadap Kepuasan Pasien Dan Determinannya Di Puskesmas

    • Authors: Nurin Rachmadhina Alifah
      Abstract: Health care is one of the fundamentals that must be provided by the government through health facilities. In the 2017 survey on public satisfaction conducted by the Ministry of Health, patient satisfaction was categorized at level B which is good, the assessment increased in the 2019 survey to 90%. The public's need for health has not been met in accordance with expectations. There are still many people who complain and feel dissatisfied with the health services provided by puskesmas This research aims to know the picture of the results of published research about health services to patient satisfaction and determinants in health centers. This research is a descriptive study. The results showed an average analysis of the proportion of patient satisfaction from 60 articles at 67.96% with a range from 26.1% to 98.92%. The results of health care research in accordance with the standards that have been set by equipping health facilities, providing services in accordance with the capabilities of officers, proper and fast service, always principled on fair ethics and always giving sincere attention and other factors such as the environment. Keywords: Patient satisfaction, Service quality, Dimensions
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • covid19 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COVID-19 DIAGNOSTIC TEST; ANTIGEN, ANTIBODY,
           RT-PCR AND RAPID MOLECULAR TEST

    • Authors: Budi Yanti
      Abstract: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new type of disease that has been identified in humans. The virus that causes COVID-19 is called SARS-CoV-2. The mortality rate caused by SARS-COV-2 (3.8%) is lower than the mortality rate caused by previous coronavirus infections, namely SARS-COV (10%) and MERS-COV (37.1%). However, the transmission rate of SARS-COV-2 is much higher, which is 10 times more infectious. This can be done as an explanation for the causes of sudden outbreaks of the virus. SARS-COV-2 infection occurs through droplets, contact with bodily fluids of infected patients, also from contaminated objects. COVID-19 can cause various of simptoms. This infection can cause mild to severe acute respiratory syndrome until Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) sepsis and septic shock. In making a diagnosis, it is necessary to have an examination that has a high level of sensitivity and specificity. Some supporting examinations are radiological examinations, and laboratorium examinations. In this reference will be discussed regarding the general examination carried out at this time, namely rapid antigen test, rapid antibody test, ELISA, RT-PCR and TCM. Each diagnostic test has advantages and disadvantages. But the diagnostic gold standard for COVID-19 is RT-PCR.   Keywords: diagnostic test, rapid test, antigen test, RT-PCR, Rapid Molecular Test
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • The acterial Contamination in Traditional Food PemBpek produced by Home
           Industry And Factory which are sold in Samarinda city

    • Authors: Joko Sapto Pramono
      Abstract: Pempek is one of the traditional foods originating from Palembang that has developed throughout Indonesia, this food is also favored by the people of Samarinda city so that many household processed products and branded manufacturers sale  in this city. The risk of contamination due to exposure to pathogenic bacteria can occur anywhere from the selection of materials, production processes, packaging, distribution and sales. This study aims to determine the bacterial contamination of pempek which is sold in the market in Samarinda city. This study  is descriptive with cross sectional research design, The sample is taken randomly as many as 20 samples from home industry production and factory production. The results obtained from Total Plate Count  (TPC) after being diluted by Plate Count Agar (PCA) media showed as many as 18 samples (90%)  did not meet the requirements of  standard according to the SNI. 7661.1:2013. It is recommended that people be more careful in consuming pempek and cook it thoroughly before consumption. Keywords: Contamination, bacteria, pempek
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Pengaruh Penggunaan Aplikasi Mobile Mindfulness “GFR” Terhadap Stres
           Mahasiswa di Akademi Keperawatan “YKY” Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Nunung Rachmawati
      Abstract: Salah satu kelompok yang rentan mengalami stres yang berasal dari kehidupan akademik adalah mahasiswa. Stressor utama yang disampaikan mahasiswa keperawatan, di antaranya adalah  jadwal kuliah yang padat, kelas yang penuh, mengikuti ujian skill lab, dan ujian tertulis. Peningkatan jumlah stres akademik dapat menurunkan kemampuan akademik yang berpengaruh terhadap indeks prestasi mahasiswa. Penggunaan aplikasi android yang disebut “Get Fresh and Rilexs” (GFR) ini diharapkan dapat menurunkan tingkat stress mahasiswa Akademi Keperawatan “YKY” Yogyakarta sehingga akan meningkatkan kemampuan akademik yang dapat berpengaruh kepada indeks prestasi mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan penelitian pre-test dan post-test with control group design. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan skor stres pada kelompok intervensi dengan kelompok kontrol dengan nilai p  < 0,05.  Pada  penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan penggunaan  aplikasi mobile mindfulness “GFR” terhadap skor stres mahasiswa Akademi Keperawatan “YKY” Yogyakarta dengan nilai  p= 0,018.
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Pengaruh Pemberian Sayur Daun Pepaya (Carica Papaya L.) Terhadap Produksi
           Asi Pada Ibu Menyusui

    • Authors: Rizki Novi
      Abstract: Babies who experience dissatisfaction after breastfeeding, babies will often cry or mothers feel that the baby's weight has not increased. This is one of the causes of unsuccessfulness in presenting breast milk and resulting in unmet needs for breast milk. Data obtained from Permata Hati Clinic, there are 30 babies who are not exclusively breastfed. Papaya leaves contain lactagogum which is a substance that can help increase and facilitate breastfeeding. This study was to determine the production of which feeds papaya leaf vegetables on breast milk in nursing mothers. The research design was a quasi-experimental study using a two-group pre-test and a post-test design. A sample of 30 breastfeeding mothers who were divided into 15 people in the intervention group and 15 people in the control group. The sampling technique used purposive sampling. The research instrument consisted of observation sheets, scales for weighing babies, sheets for cooking papaya leaf vegetables. This data has been tested for normality with the Saphiro-Wilk test, data analysis using non parametrick descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test, and the frequency distribution test. There was a significant difference before and after being given papaya leaf vegetable to breast milk production in nursing mothers. The Wilcoxon test for rating marks getting a sig value of 0.000 ' 0.05, indicating the effect of papaya leaf vegetable on breast milk production. There is an effect of offering papaya leaf vegetables on breast milk production in nursing mothers. It is hoped that midwives can provide counseling for breastfeeding mothers about the benefits of papaya leaf vegetables which can provide breast milk production and advise on how to process papaya leaves so that they are especially useful for facilitating breastfeeding
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
  • Hubungan Hospitalisasi Dengan Tingkat Stess Pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Unit
           Rawat Inap

    • Authors: Maryati Sitorus, Tuti Asrianti Utami, Fransiska Dewi Prabawati
      Abstract: Relationship between Hospital and Stress Level in School-Age Children In the Inpatient Unit Stress hospitalization is a reaction faced by children with a foreign environment during the treatment process in the Hospital. Children who are hospitalized experience a crisis of changing health and environmental status. This study aims to determine the relationship between hospitalization and stress levels in school-age children in the inpatient ward. The study was conducted in January-February 2020 at Hospital X in North Jakarta with 78 respondents. Descriptive correlation research method with cross-sectional approach. Data collection using the DAAS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales) questionnaire. The results showed that from 78 respondents there were children who experienced mild stress levels of 13 children (16.7%), moderate stress levels of 51 children (65.4%) and high-stress levels of 14 children (17.9%) during hospitalization. Statistical test results using chi-square and Kendal tau C found a relationship between sex (p-value 0.025) and length of stay (p-value 0.013) with the stress level of children during hospitalization. There is no relationship between the experience of being treated with stress levels during hospitalization (p-value 0.562). Conclusion: stress levels in children during hospitalization are influenced by gender and length of stay. Suggestions for each hospital should provide space and play equipment as well as play therapy or play activities to reduce the stress levels of children who are being treated at the hospital.   Keywords: length of stay, the experience of care, play therapy, hospitalization
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1
       
 
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