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NAR Genomics and Bioinformatics
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2631-9268
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [412 journals]
  • MinYS: mine your symbiont by targeted genome assembly in symbiotic
           communities

    • Authors: Guyomar C; Delage W, Legeai F, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractMost metazoans are associated with symbionts. Characterizing the effect of a particular symbiont often requires getting access to its genome, which is usually done by sequencing the whole community. We present MinYS, a targeted assembly approach to assemble a particular genome of interest from such metagenomic data. First, taking advantage of a reference genome, a subset of the reads is assembled into a set of backbone contigs. Then, this draft assembly is completed using the whole metagenomic readset in a de novo manner. The resulting assembly is output as a genome graph, enabling different strains with potential structural variants coexisting in the sample to be distinguished. MinYS was applied to 50 pea aphid resequencing samples, with variable diversity in symbiont communities, in order to recover the genome sequence of its obligatory bacterial symbiont, Buchnera aphidicola. It was able to return high-quality assemblies (one contig assembly in 90% of the samples), even when using increasingly distant reference genomes, and to retrieve large structural variations in the samples. Because of its targeted essence, it outperformed standard metagenomic assemblers in terms of both time and assembly quality.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • On the prediction of DNA-binding preferences of C2H2-ZF domains using
           structural models: application on human CTCF

    • Authors: Meseguer A; Årman F, Fornes O, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractCis2-His2 zinc finger (C2H2-ZF) proteins are the largest family of transcription factors in human and higher metazoans. To date, the DNA-binding preferences of many members of this family remain unknown. We have developed a computational method to predict their DNA-binding preferences. We have computed theoretical position weight matrices (PWMs) of proteins composed by C2H2-ZF domains, with the only requirement of an input structure. We have predicted more than two-third of a single zinc-finger domain binding site for about 70% variants of Zif268, a classical member of this family. We have successfully matched between 60 and 90% of the binding-site motif of examples of proteins composed by three C2H2-ZF domains in JASPAR, a standard database of PWMs. The tests are used as a proof of the capacity to scan a DNA fragment and find the potential binding sites of transcription-factors formed by C2H2-ZF domains. As an example, we have tested the approach to predict the DNA-binding preferences of the human chromatin binding factor CTCF. We offer a server to model the structure of a zinc-finger protein and predict its PWM.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Development of multiepitope subunit protein vaccines against Toxoplasma
           gondii using an immunoinformatics approach

    • Authors: Onile O; Ojo G, Oyeyemi B, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractApproximately one-third of the world’s human population is estimated to have been exposed to the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Its prevalence is reportedly high in Ethiopia (74.80%) and Zimbabwe (68.58%), and is 40.40% in Nigeria. The adverse effect of this parasite includes a serious congenital disease in the developing fetus of pregnant women. After several efforts to eliminate the disease, only one licensed vaccine ‘Toxovax’ has been used to avoid congenital infections in sheep. The vaccine has been adjudged expensive coupled with adverse effects and short shelf life. The potential of vaccine to likely revert to virulent strain is a major reason why it has not been found suitable for human use, hence the need for a vaccine that will induce T and B memory cells capable of eliciting longtime immunity against the infection. This study presents immunoinformatics approaches to design a T. gondii-oriented multiepitope subunit vaccine with focus on micronemal proteins for the vaccine construct. The designed vaccine was subjected to antigenicity, immunogenicity, allergenicity and physicochemical parameter analyses. A 657-amino acid multiepitope vaccine was designed with the antigenicity probability of 0.803. The vaccine construct was classified as stable, non-allergenic, and highly immunogenic, thereby indicating the safety of the vaccine construct for human use.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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