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International Journal of Digital Humanities
Number of Followers: 0  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2524-7832 - ISSN (Online) 2524-7840
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Considering the scholarly edition in the digital age: an engagement by the
           modern language association’s committee on scholarly editions
    • PubDate: 2019-10-14
  • Author Correction to: Born-digital archives
    • Abstract: The original version of this article unwittingly omitted the due and necessary acknowledgment, which is hereby added below: The research for this work and editing of the special issue conducted by Thorsten Ries has been funded by the Marie-Sklodowska-Curie Fellowship DFitHH - Digital Forensics in the Historical Humanities and the Research Foundation - Flanders, FWO.
      PubDate: 2019-09-16
  • Artificial imagination, imagine: new developments in digital scholarly
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • On edited archives and archived editions
    • Abstract: Abstract Building on a longstanding terminological discussion in the field of textual scholarship, this essay explores the archival and editorial potential of the digital scholarly edition. Following Van Hulle and Eggert, the author argues that in the digital medium these traditionally distinct activities now find the space they need to complement and reinforce one another. By critically examining some of the early and more recent theorists and adaptors of this relatively new medium, the essay aims to shed a clearer light on some of its strengths and pitfalls. To conclude, the essay takes the discussion further by offering a broader reflection on the difficulties of providing a ‘definitive’ archival base transcription of especially handwritten materials, questioning if this should be something to aspire to for the edition in the first place.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • The ‘assertive edition’
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper describes the special interest among historians in scholarly editing and the resulting editorial practice in contrast to the methods applied by pure philological textual criticism. The interest in historical ‘facts’ suggests methods the goal of which is to create formal representations of the information conveyed by the text in structured databases. This can be achieved with RDF representations of statements extracted from the text, by automatic information extraction methods, or by hand. The paper suggests the use of embedded RDF representations in TEI markup, following the practice in several recent projects, and it concludes with a proposal for a definition of the ‘assertive edition’.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Tracking the evolution of translated documents: revisions, languages and
    • Abstract: Dealing with documents that have changed through time requires keeping track of additional metadata, for example the order of the revisions. This small issue explodes in complexity when these documents are translated. Even more complicate is keeping track of the parallel evolution of a document and its translations. The fact that this extra metadata has to be encoded in formal terms in order to be processed by computers has forced us to reflect on issues that are usually overlooked or, at least, not actively discussed and documented: How do I record which document is a translation of which' How do I record that this document is a translation of that specific revision of another document' And what if a certain translation has been created using one or more intermediate translations with no access to the original document' In this paper we addresses all these issues, starting from first principles and incrementally building towards a comprehensive solution. This solution is then distilled in terms of formal concepts (e.g., translation, abstraction levels, comparability, division in parts, addressability) and abstract data structures (e.g., derivation graphs, revisions-alignment tables, source-document tables, source-part tables). The proposed data structures can be seen as a generalization of the classical evolutionary trees (e.g., stemma codicum), extended to take into account the concepts of translation and contamination (i.e., multiple sources). The presented abstract data structures can easily be implemented in any programming language and customized to fit the specific needs of a research project.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Opening the book: data models and distractions in digital scholarly
    • Abstract: Abstract This article argues that editors of scholarly digital editions should not be distracted by underlying technological concerns except when these concerns affect the editorial tasks at hand. It surveys issues in the creation of scholarly digital editions and the open licensing of resources and addresses concerns about underlying data models and vocabularies, such as the Guidelines of the Text Encoding Initiative. It calls for solutions which promote the collaborative creation, annotation, and publication of scholarly digital editions. The article draws a line between issues with which editors of scholarly digital editions should concern themselves and issues which may only prove to be distractions.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Exercises in modelling: textual variants
    • Abstract: Abstract The article presents a model for annotating textual variants. The annotations made can be queried in order to analyse and find patterns in textual variation. The model is flexible, allowing scholars to set the boundaries of the readings, to nest or concatenate variation sites, and to annotate each pair of readings; furthermore, it organizes the characteristics of the variants in features of the readings and features of the variation. After presenting the conceptual model and its applications in a number of case studies, this article introduces two implementations in logical models: namely, a relational database schema and an OWL 2 ontology. While the scope of this article is a specific issue in textual criticism, its broader focus is on how data is structured and visualized in digital scholarly editing.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • What future for digital scholarly editions' From Haute Couture to
    • Abstract: Abstract Digital scholarly editions are expensive to make and to maintain. As such, they prove unattainable for less established scholars like early careers and PhD students, or indeed anyone without access to significant funding. One solution could be to create tools and platforms able to provide a publishing framework for digital scholarly editions that requires neither a high-tech skillset nor big investment. I call this type of edition “Prêt-à-Porter”, to be distinguished from “haute couture” editions which are tailored to the specific needs of specific scholars. I argued that both types of editions are necessary for a healthy scholarly environment.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Editing social media: the case of online book discussion
    • Abstract: Abstract Online book discussion is a popular activity on weblogs, specialized book discussion sites, booksellers’ sites and elsewhere. These discussions are important for research into literary reception and should be made and kept accessible for researchers. This article asks what an archive of online book discussion should and could look like, and how we could describe such an archive in terms of some of the central concepts of textual scholarship: work, document, text, transcription and variant. What could an approach along the lines of textual scholarship mean for such a collection' If such a collection holds many pieces of information that would not usually be considered text (such as demographic information about contributors), could we still call such a collection an edition, and could we call editing the activity of preparing such a collection'The article introduces some of the relevant (Dutch-language) sites, and summarizes their properties (among others: they are dynamic and vulnerable, they contain structured data and are very large) from the perspective of creating a research collection. It discusses the interpretation of some essential terms of textual studies in this context, and briefly lists a number of components that a digital edition of these sites might or should contain. It argues that such a collection is the result of scholarly work and should not be considered as 'just' a web archive.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • The Charles Harpur Critical Archive
    • Abstract: Abstract This is a history of and a technical report on the Charles Harpur Critical Archive (CHCA), which has been in preparation since 2009. Harpur was a predominantly newspaper poet in colonial New South Wales from the 1830s to the 1860s. Approximately 2700 versions of his 700 poems in newspaper and manuscript form have been recovered. In order to manage the complexity of his often heavily revised manuscripts, traditional encoding in XML-TEI, with its known difficulties in handling overlapping structures and complex revisions, was rejected. Instead, the transcriptions were split into simplified versions and layers of revision. Markup describing textual formats was stored externally using properties that may freely overlap. Both markup and the versions and layers were merged into multi-version documents (MVDs) to facilitate later comparison, editing and searching. This reorganisation is generic in design and should be reusable in other editorial projects.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • From graveyard to graph
    • Abstract: Abstract The technological developments in the field of textual scholarship lead to a renewed focus on textual variation. Variants are liberated from their peripheral place in appendices or footnotes and are given a more prominent position in the (digital) edition of a work. But what constitutes an informative and meaningful visualisation of textual variation' The present article takes visualisation of the result of collation software as point of departure, examining several visualisations of collation output that contains a wealth of information about textual variance. The newly developed collation software HyperCollate is used as a touchstone to study the issue of representing textual information to advance literary research. The article concludes with a set of recommendations in order to evaluate different visualisations of collation output.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Copies and facsimiles
    • Abstract: Abstract The concepts of original and copy, of source and facsimile, always convey particular understandings of the process of reproducing documents. This essay is an analysis of these concepts, in particular copies and facsimiles, framed within the context of digital reproduction. The activities and cases discussed are picked from two areas: digital scholarly editing and cultural heritage digitization performed by research libraries. The conceptual analysis draws on three fields of scholarly inquiry: scholarly editing, library and information science, and philosophical aesthetics.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Textuality in 3D: three-dimensional (re)constructions as digital scholarly
    • Abstract: Abstract 3D (re)constructions of heritage sites and Digital Scholarly Editions face similar needs and challenges and have many concepts in common, although they are expressed differently. 3D (re)constructions, however, lack a framework for addressing them. The goal of this article is not to create a single or the lowest common denominator to which both DSEs and 3D models subscribe, nor is it to reduce 3D to one scholarly editing tradition. It is rather to problematise the development of a model by borrowing concepts and values from editorial scholarship in order to enable public-facing 3D scholarship to be read in the same way that scholarly editions are by providing context, transmission history, and transparency of the editorial method/decision-making process.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Charles Chesnutt and the case for hybrid editing
    • Abstract: Abstract In the context of a specific hybrid project—a digital archive and a print edition of the complete works of American writer Charles W. Chesnutt (1858–1932)--we consider three issues: (1) the value of print editions, notwithstanding the flexibility, capaciousness, and accessibility of digital editions; (2) the distinct affordances of digital editing in general and in this case; and (3) the challenges of a hybrid approach, and the possiblility of supplementing the now standard digital approach to rendering paper manuscripts (high quality scans and TEI-compliant transcriptions) with approaches borrowed from print and print aesthetics.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Web 25. Histories from the first 25 years of the world wide web
    • PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • The invention and dissemination of the spacer gif: implications for the
           future of access and use of web archives
    • Abstract: Abstract Over the last two decades publishing and distributing content on the Web has become a core part of society. This ephemeral content has rapidly become an essential component of the human record. Writing histories of the late 20th and early 21st century will require engaging with web archives. The scale of web content and of web archives presents significant challenges for how research can access and engage with this material. Digital humanities scholars are advancing computational methods to work with corpora of millions of digitized resources, but to fully engage with the growing content of two decades of web archives, we now require methods to approach and examine billions, ultimately trillions, of incongruous resources. This article approaches one seemingly insignificant, but fundamental, aspect in web design history: the use of tiny transparent images as a tool for layout design, and surfaces how traces of these files can illustrate future paths for engaging with web archives. This case study offers implications for future methods allowing scholars to engage with web archives. It also prompts considerations for librarians and archivists in thinking about web archives as data and the development of systems, qualitative and quantitative, through which to make this material available.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • Born digital preservation of e-lit: a live internet traversal of Sarah
           Smith’s King of Space
    • Abstract: Abstract Sarah Smith’s King of Space, published in 1991, is the first work of science fiction produced as electronic literature. Released on a 3.5-in. floppy disk and requiring a Macintosh computer running System Software 7.0-MacOS 9x, it is now inaccessible to scholars interested in early digital literary forms, particularly of science fiction by women authors. Because this work is interactive and involves animations, images, sound, and words, preserving it requires an approach that retains as much of these experiences as possible for future audiences. To accomplish this task, our lab––the Electronic Literature Lab at Washington State University, Vancouver––used the Pathfinders methodology developed by Grigar and Stuart Moulthrop, adding to it Live Stream play-throughs on YouTube promoted through social media channels. This essay outlines our process and discusses the potential of this methodology for preserving other kinds of multimedia and interactive work.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • Born-digital archives
    • PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • From time theft to time stamps: mapping the development of digital
           forensics from law enforcement to archival authority
    • Abstract: Abstract The field of digital forensics seems at first glance quite separate from archival work and digital preservation. However, professionals in both fields are trusted to attest to the identity and integrity of digital documents and traces – they are regarded as experts in the acquisition, interpretation, description and presentation of that material. Archival science and digital forensics evolved out of practice and grew into established professional disciplines by developing theoretical foundations, which then returned to inform and standardize that practice. They have their roots in legal requirements and law enforcement. A significant challenge to both fields, therefore, is the identification of records (archival focus) and evidence (digital forensics focus) in digital systems, establishing their contexts, provenance, relationships, and meaning. This paper traces the development of digital forensics from practice to theory and presents the parallels with archival science.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
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