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Biomanufacturing Reviews
Number of Followers: 0  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2363-507X - ISSN (Online) 2363-5088
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Biopolymers for microneedle synthesis: from then to now
    • Abstract: Biopolymeric microneedles have emerged as an efficient tool for transdermal drug delivery system. Being operational alternative to hypodermic needles and non-biopolymeric microneedles, they offer plethora of advantages and ease in drug administration over conventional tools. Needles/microneedles used in medical practise can be disposable devices but may not necessarily be biodegradable, whereas biopolymeric microneedles completely serves for the green technology approach at medical/pharmaceutical outlet. Over a decade, investigation has been engrossed on leveraging biopolymers for microneedle synthesis, however, it seems to be growing more towards synthetic biopolymers than those of non-synthetic/natural biopolymers, may be due to their inherent physico-chemical properties. Nonetheless the outcomes bestowed from the investigations on natural biopolymeric microneedles are surely pertinent to the future practical applications. Henceforth, with the purpose of having insight, illuminating their potential and encouraging their utilisation for developing drug delivery devices, this review summarizes them from then to now with their implicational advancement and clinical potential.
      PubDate: 2019-09-30
  • Cultured meat: state of the art and future
    • Abstract: Cultured meat or in vitro meat offers a safe and disease-free way forward to meet increasing meat requirement without involving animal sacrifices and at the same time, reducing greenhouse emissions, as compared to conventional meat. However, its cost, scale-up, public neophobia and technophobia, and incomplete understanding of health benefits, limits its commercial viability. This review looks into technological advances and limitations in this area and at the same time, critically analyses the social concerns, making a case for in vitro meat. This paper also looks into the new startups which have ventured into the area but are facing issues due to social perception and lack of regulatory guidelines.
      PubDate: 2018-03-19
  • Role of medicinal plants in neurodegenerative diseases
    • Abstract: Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD), are characterized by progressive loss (and even death) of structure and function of neurons, and have created great burden to the individual and the society. The actual cause of various neurodegenerative diseases still remains a mystery in healthcare. Some of the commonly studied environmental factors causes for neurodegenerative diseases are protein degradation, oxidative stress, inflammation, environmental factor, mitochondrial defects, familial history, and abnormal protein accumulation in neuron. However ageing plays a very important role in neurodegenerative diseases. Medicinal plants and natural compounds, such as Withania somnifera (ashwagandha), Ginseng, curcumin, resveratrol, Baccopa monnieri, Ginkgo biloba, and Wolfberry have been applied to prevent or alleviate neurological diseases and relief of neurological symptoms reported in in vivo or in clinical trails. Natural compounds in nanosize range as a therapeutic agent possess the same activity as in native state. Nanodrug delivery helps to increase the bioavailability of the drug and thereby specifically target cells and tissues. Nanoparticles, polymeric nanomicelles, complex polymers nanocrystal, and nanofibers are used to carry the medicinal plants for drug delivery system in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Especially, electrospinning and electrospraying as straightforward yet versatile techniques for the production of nanosized fibers and particles possess huge potential in encapsulation of natural compounds for the neurodegenerative diseases. This review is a study to understand the role of nanotechnology and natural compounds in neurodegenerative diseases associated with ageing.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
  • Advances in bioprinted cell-laden hydrogels for skin tissue engineering
    • Abstract: Bioprinting technologies are powerful additive biofabrication techniques to produce cellular constructs for skin tissue engineering owing to their unique ability to precisely pattern living and non-living materials in pre-defined spatial locations. This unique feature, combined with the computer controlled printing and medical imaging techniques, enable researchers and clinicians to generate patient specific constructs partly replicating the intricate compositional and architectural organization of the skin. Bioprinting has been used to automatically dispense hydrogels with skin cells located in prescribed sites that promote skin formation in vitro and in vivo. Current skin bioprinting approaches mostly rely on the sequential printing of fibroblasts and keratinocytes embedded within a homogeneous hydrogel. Although such approaches have already been translated to pre-clinical scenarios, they still present limitations in terms of fully replicating the cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) heterogeneity in native skin. The success of bioprinting for skin repair strongly depends on the design of printable bioinks capable of supporting the function of printed cells and stimulating the production of new ECM components. To better mimic the human skin, novel developments in dedicated bioprinting technologies, in the design of bioinks, as well as in the printing of vascularised constructs are necessary. This paper presents an overview regarding the use of bioprinting for skin tissue engineering applications. The operating principles of bioprinting technologies are outlined along with requirements of printed skin constructs. Finally, pre-clinical results are summarized and future perspectives for the field are highlighted.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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