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Journal of Health Education
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0125-0744
Published by Mahidol University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Preliminary Validation of The Compassion Fatigue Scale in Mental Health
           Services Professionals

    • Authors: Arunya Tuicomepee, Siriluk Techatanaittikul
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: There are two aspects of compassion. One is the sense of satisfaction when
      helping others. The other is the sense of experiencing the feeling of the suffering as a function
      of exposure to the sufferer which is called compassion fatigue. This article is aimed to develop
      a Thai version of Compassion Fatigue Scale for mental health service professions that
      developed from the original version by Adams, Boscarino and Figley (2006). The scale has two
      subscales which are secondary trauma and burnout. The Compassion Fatigue Scale was
      translated into thai version and validated its content by experts in psychology. Then, the Thai
      version was tested in 124 mental health service professionals with mean age of 34.46 ± 8.67
      years old. Convenience sampling was employed. The scale convergent validity was examined
      using the Perceived Stress Scale and the Five Factor Wellness Inventory as a criterion. Data
      analysis included descriptive statistics, item objective congruence index, corrected item-total
      correlation, Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
      According to the experts, the Thai version has acceptable content validity. The scale
      demonstrated good internal consistency and reliability with Cronbach’s alpha was 0.93 and
      Cronbach’s alpha of the two subscales were 0.82 and 0.91 respectively. The questionnaire
      demonstrated satisfying convergent validity as its positive linear relationship with the
      Perceived Stress Scale (r between 0.39 and 0.54, p < 0.01) and negative linear relationship with
      the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (r = -0.27 and -0.43, p < 0.01). The analysis indicated that
      the 20 – items, thai version in mental health services professionals of Compassion Fatigue
      Scale demonstrated acceptable validity and good reliability.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • The Effects of Dental Health Promotion Program Applying Social Cognitive
           Theory to Prevent Dental Caries Among Grade 4 Students, Phra Nakhon Si
           Ayutthaya Province

    • Authors: Jitpisut Munsil, Tharadol Kengganpanich, Mondha Kengganpanich, Sarunya Benjakul
      Pages: 13 - 28
      Abstract: According to the survey of oral health problems in Thailand from the 4th to the 7th by
      the Bureau of Dental Health, Ministry of Public Health. The situation of permanent tooth decay in
      children aged 12 years is slightly better, but the risky behavior of dental caries of this age group
      the result of lack of good oral health care for children aged 10-11 years because of the
      occurrence of dental caries has a relatively long duration of disease. It is therefore important to
      promote oral health care and prevent dental caries for school children aged 10-11 years.
      This quasi-experimental research was aimed to study the effects of dental health promotion
      program applying social cognitive theory to prevent dental caries among grade 4 students, Phra
      Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. The research was carried out on 35 students in the experimental
      group which participated in dental health promotion program and 34 students in the comparison
      group were taught normally. Collecting data were done before and after experimentation by using
      self-administrative questionnaire and dental plaque index record. The experimentation operated
      for 8 weeks. Data was analyzed by using statistics as percentage, mean, standard deviation, Chisquare test, Paired Sample t-test, Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon SignedRank Test.
      The results showed that after the experimentation, the experimental group had statistical
      significantly higher mean score than the comparison group on the following aspects: knowledge
      about dental health care and dental caries, perceived self-efficacy for dental health practices,
      outcome expectation of dental health practices and dental health care practices (p<0.001). And
      the mean score of dental plaque index was significantly lower than the comparison group
      (p<0.001). These results showed that dental health promotion program applying social cognitive
      theory has an effectiveness to increasing dental health care behaviors and decreasing dental
      plaque index of grade 4 students. Therefore, schools with the similar context can apply this
      dental health promotion program.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effects of an Information – Motivation – Behavioral Skills Program for
           Preventing Sexual Intercourse among Tenth Grade Students

    • Authors: Nuttaya Suwaluck, Supreya Tansakul, Manirat Therawiwat, Kwanmuang Kaeodumkoeng
      Pages: 29 - 42
      Abstract: This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of information, motivation
      and behavioral skills program for preventing sexual intercourse among the tenth grade
      students. The study samples were 63 students, 31 of them were assigned into an experimental
      group and the other 32 were in a comparison group. The experimental group was required to
      attend a program based on IMB Model for 8 weeks, 1 session in a week and 50 minutes per
      session. The comparison group received regular learning activities of the school. Data were
      collected by self-administered questionnaire developed by the researcher, and were analytical
      mean scores comparision within groups and between groups by Paired sample t-test and
      Independent samples t-test. For data not normal distribution Wilcoxon Singed Rank test and
      Mann Whitney U test were used.
      Results of the study revealed that after the experiment, the experimental group had
      significantly better knowledge about preventing sexual intercourse, positive attitude, social
      motivation, decision making and problem solving skill, perceived self-efficacy and better
      preventing sexual intercourse than the comparison group (p<0.05). Results of the study showed
      the effectiveness of the program in enhancing the knowledge, attitude, social motivation,
      decision making and problem solving skill, perceived self-efficacy and preventing sexual
      intercourse of the students. Schools and related organizations could apply the program using
      learning activities or to add in the health education or guidance in the school curriculum to
      promote preventing sexual intercourse to students.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effects of Home Exercise on Exercise Behavior and Physical Fitness among
           Elderly in Khunpadpeng Sub-District Municipality, Suphanburi Province

    • Authors: Pakjutanan Sommung, Sasithorn Sakulkim, Netdao Jitsophakul, Chutharat Phimsan, Orawan Jareonpol
      Pages: 43 - 54
      Abstract: The Exercise is important for the elderly, especially those who are at risk of
      falling, mainly due to low physical fitness. This quasi-experimental research was to assess
      the effect of a Home Exercise program on exercise behavior and physical fitness among
      elderly in Khunpadpeng Sub-District Municipality, Suphanburi Province. The sample
      consisted of 54 elderly people between the ages of 60–79 years old. The sample were
      assigned equally into the experimental and the comparison group. The experimental group
      received the Home Exercise program by applying the self-efficacy theory over a period of
      12 weeks. The comparison group received regular health education services from a subdistrict health promotion hospital. A structured interview, behavioral exercise and physical
      fitness record form were used to collect data. The data were analyzed by descriptive
      statistics, Chi - square test, independent t-test and paired samples t-test.
      The results revealed that after the experiment, the experimental group had
      significantly higher perceived self-efficacy, performed better exercise behavior and physical
      fitness than before the experiment and those of the comparison group (p<0.001). It could
      therefore be applied with elderly in the community health care setting.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effects of Health Literacy and Self-Efficacy Developing Program for
           Promote Pregnancy Prevention Behavior

    • Authors: Nattaya Kaewpipob, Pannee Banchonhattakit
      Pages: 56 - 67
      Abstract: Premature pregnancy problems effects to adolescents in abortion and infants may be
      die from birth. Adolescents are no opportunity to study continually. So, it is necessary to
      prevent and reduce teen-age mother problem. This research was a quasi – experimental
      research aimed to test the effects of Health Literacy and Self Efficacy Promoting Program to
      premature pregnancy prevention among mathayomsuksa 2 female students. The samples were
      80 students that divided into 39 experimental group and 41 comparison group. The
      experimental group was received health literacy and self-efficacy promoting program that
      comprised of knowledge increasing by lecture with media, games, brain storming, role play,
      offer a model, group discussion, etc. Data was collected by questionnaires. and were analyzed
      by descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, maximum , and
      minimum score. Comparative data were used inferential statistics such as paired sample t-test,
      independent sample t-test. at 95% singnificance
      The results revealed that after experiment, the experimental group had higher mean
      scores of health literacy, perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectation to premature pregnancy
      prevention, and intention to practice for pregnant prevention than those before and
      comparison group significantly (p-value < 0.001). This Program can be used guideline to
      promote sexual health of adolescents.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • An application of theory of planned behavior on methamphetamine relapse
           prevention among persons with drug addict rehabilitation at drug addicts
           rehabilitation center

    • Authors: Chatchadaporn Pissamorn, Kwanmuang Kaeodumkoeng, Manirat Therawiwat
      Pages: 68 - 79
      Abstract: This research aimed to study the effects of program for promoting methamphetamine
      relapse prevention behavior among persons with drug addict rehabilitation. One group pretestposttest design, applying the theory of planned behavior was conducted to the study in 30
      samples who were persons with drug addict rehabilitation at the Drug Addicts Rehabilitation
      Center. Sample were selected purposive by critiria. The program was composed of 6 sessions
      of learning activities in accordance with the methamphetamine relapse prevention program
      and 1 time follow-up had a focus on conducting a wide range of activities including the learning
      and skill practice, for of 9 weeks totally. Data were collected through a questionnaire and were
      analyzed by frequency distribution, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and paired sample ttest. The results showed that after the experimentation, significantly better levels of the
      following variables were found among the experimental group: attitudes toward using
      methamphetamine, refusal skills when being persuaded to use methamphetamine, perceived
      self-efficacy to control the use of methamphetamine, intention not to use methamphetamine
      again, and methamphetamine relapse prevention behavior (p<0.001). Thus, this program can be
      applied with the presence of similar demographic characteristics who are getting drug addict
      rehabilitation or drug addict treatment.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effects of Health Literacy Promoting Program for Pesticide Usage of
           Cassava Farmer , Soeng Sang District, Nakhonratchasima Province

    • Authors: Porntiwa Tobklang, Pannee Banchonhattakit
      Pages: 80 - 92
      Abstract: At present, most of all farmer are still using pesticides to produce high yields, which are
      not aware of the health problems associated with these chemicals. This research was a quasiexperimental design to test the Effects of Health Literacy Promoting Program for Pesticide
      Usage of Cassava Farmer, Soeng Sang District, Nakhonratchasima Province. The sample was 68
      farmer aged between 18-59 years, that was divided into experimental and control groups, each
      group was 34 farmers. Both groups were examined for cholinesterase in blood before and after
      the experiment. The experimental group received the health literacy promotion program that
      included lectures on knowledge, group discussion, watching short films that produced by the
      researcher, knowledge display, finding a modeling of using pesticides accuracy and safety. Data
      were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Such as percentage, mean, standard deviation,
      maximum and minimum scoreand analytical statistics by using independent t-test and paired
      sample t-test with a statistically significant at 0.05 level.
      The results showed that after intervention, the experimental group had higher mean
      score of knowledge towards the use of pesticide enemies plants in cassava farmer than those
      before the experiment significantly(p<0.001). When comparing the mean score between the
      experimental group and the comparison group showed that the experimental group had higher
      mean scores of health literacy than those the comparison group significantly (p< 0.001). These
      were consistent with the results of cholinesterase test in blood that the safety level were
      increased.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • The Effects of Health Education Program For Promoting Appropriate
           Consumption of Sugar-sweetened beverages among Grade 5 Students

    • Authors: Kiattisak Lamjing, Paranee Vatanasomboon, Warapone Sateannoppakao
      Pages: 93 - 105
      Abstract: Inappropriate consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages of school children can affect
      their health. This quasi-experimental two-group pre/post-test design aimed to investigate the
      effects of health education program for promoting appropriate consumption of sugar-sweetened
      beverages among grade 5 students. Sixty-six students were recruited. The students were assigned
      to be an experimental group (n=35) and a comparison group (n=31). The six sessions of health
      education program which designed based on the Social Cognitive Theory were provided for the
      experimental group, while the comparison group received the usual school health education
      session. The study period was seven weeks. The data were collected using questionnaires about
      knowledge of sugar-sweetened beverages, perceived self-efficacy and outcome expectation for
      appropriate consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and appropriate consumption behavior of
      sugar-sweetened beverages. Chi-square test, Fisher’s Exact test, Independent sample t-test, MannWhitney U test, Paired sample t-test, and Z-test were used for data analysis.
      The results showed that the experimental group had significantly better changes in
      knowledge of sugar-sweetened beverages, perceived self-efficacy and outcome expectation for
      appropriate consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages than those of pre-experiment and the
      comparison group (p< .001). Additionally, after the intervention, the experimental group showed
      significantly higher proportion of change in improved behavior levels than the comparison group
      did (p< .05). The research results demonstrated the effectiveness of the program, which could be
      applied for school health education. However, further retesting of the program is needed to
      confirm its effectiveness as well as a generalization view.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Musculoskeletal disorders among backpack pesticide sprayers in less than
           10 years experience wokers

    • Authors: Saowarot Phuaphonthep, Amarin Kongtawelert, Dusit Sujirarat, Petcharatana Bhuanantanondh
      Pages: 106 - 118
      Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the health problems that can be
      encountered among backpack pesticide sprayers. Carrying the heavy backpack spraying
      machine and performing the inappropriate posture are these are the potential causes of MSDs.
      This research study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in Phichai, Uttaradit
      province. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal
      disorders and factors associated with the musculoskeletal disorders among backpack pesticide
      sprayers. The sample in this study was 187 workers whose had the work experience less than
      10 years. The modified Nordic questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting data. Data
      analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics, Chi-square and
      Multiple logistic regression. The results of this study found that the prevalence of
      musculoskeletal disorders during the past 12 months and 7 days were 88.2% and 81.8%,
      respectively. Factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders included age, weight of the
      spraying machine, muddy ground, and vibration of the spraying machine. The results in this
      study will provide the better understanding in health promotion, prevention, surveillance,
      reduction of hazards among the backpack spray workers. Which affect to the quality of life and
      effectionly work in workers.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Factors Associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders among Lychee
           Farmers,Phayao Province

    • Authors: Prakasit Tonchoy, Katekaew Seangpraw
      Pages: 119 - 134
      Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a critical occupational health problem in the
      agricultural workers. This cross-sectional descriptive study aims to investigate the prevalence and
      associated with musculoskeletal disorders among lychee farmers during harvesting stage in Phayao
      Province. Multistage random sampling was used to select. the samples and 434 participants were
      recruited to the study. The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model was used as the conceptual framework. Data
      were collected using a questionnaire. The data analysis of the was performed using descriptive
      statistics. Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used to analyse the associations.
      The results showed that most of the samples were male, 53.0%. The activity of lychee
      choosing and climb up the ladder or stand picking work process was 70.5%. Ergonomic factors
      found that working at height and exposure to awkward postures with moderate and low levels
      were 59.9% and 24.4%, respectively. The prevalence of the most musculoskeletal disorders
      consisted of lower back, upper back and wrist or right hand were 18.7%, 12.2%, and 12.0%,
      respectively. Regarding the relationship factors was predisposing factors included age, educational
      level and body mass index. Enabling factors included monthly income, work experience, duration
      of monthly harvest, daily duration of rest and ergonomic factors. And reinforcing factors included
      the perception of occupational health information were significantly associated with
      musculoskeletal disorders (p < 0.05). Therefore, the health care sector should promote
      occupational health education programs and health promotion for lychee farmers before the
      harvest season to prevent and reduce occupational risk.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • A Comparative Study on the Effects of Prabchompoothaweep Remedy and
           Loratadine in Treatment of Patients with Allergic Rhinitis and Upper
           Respiratory Tract Infections at Pathumtani Hospital

    • Authors: Natsuda Onthong, Urapa Chonpatathip, Yanita Rajanivat, Kanisa Patthananurak, Sanjai Sangvichien, Thavatchai Kamoltham
      Pages: 135 - 145
      Abstract: This research aimed to compare results of using Prabchompoothawe remedy and
      Loratadine to treat people with allergic rhinitis and upper respiratory tract infections at Pathum
      Thani Hospital., Pathumtani province. The research subjects consisted of 62 volunteer patients
      (17 males and 45 females). The subjects of each group had to take medications according to
      medical prescriptions for 7 days and collected the data using the nasal symptoms assessment
      form. The results showed that the severity of the nasal symptoms was found that before
      taking Prabchompoothaweep remedy and Loratadine were 4.55±1.17 and 4.17±1.16,
      respectively. While after taking Prabchompoothaweep remedy and Loratadine, the overall
      nasal symptoms were decreased and respectively found to be 3.00±1.34 and 2.94±1.20. In
      addition, the assessment of the quality of life before the use of Prabchompoothaweep
      remedy and Loratadine has an average of 3.84±1.50 and 3.42±1.38 and after with an average
      of 4.77±1.49 and 5.03±1.19 respectively. Moreover, the results of the overall nasal symptoms
      and other symptoms besides nasal symptoms during the use of interventions found that the
      overall symptoms, violence and quality of life are better (P>0.01). In summary, patients in the
      experimental group and control group got better from the symptom of allergic rhinitis and
      upper respiratory tract infections and they were able to stop taking medications on the 4th
      and the 5th day, respectively. In conclusion, Prabchompoothaweep remedy had effectiveness
      with non-different from Loratadine, and the treatment also takes a shorter period of time.
      Therefore, Prabchompoothaweep remedy can be substituted of Loratadine.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Factors Related to Health Promotion Behaviors among Students in a
           University in Bangkok

    • Authors: Sirotorn Manokum, Manirat Therawiwat, Nirat Imamee
      Pages: 146 - 156
      Abstract: Having good health is essential for good quality of life that health promotion will lead to
      suitable health promotion behaviors and the management of related factors of the individual. This
      cross-sectional survey research aimed to study factors related to health promotion behaviors of
      university students in Bangkok. Three hundred and twenty two first year students of a university in
      Bangkok in the academic year of 2017 were randomly selected. Data was collected using a selfadministered questionnaire comprised of questions about health promotion behaviors regarding
      dietary and exercise, general characteristics of the students, value, perceived self-efficacy, and
      enabling and reinforcing factors that related to the behavioral practices. Descriptive and Chi-square
      test statistic were used to analyze the data. Results of the study were as follows: there were male
      sample students than female with the percentage of 74.1 and 25.9 respectively; their age was
      between 18-38 years with the average age of 21.7 years and 61.3 percent were in the age group of
      20-24 year; 72.5 percent were engineering students; and 59.1 percent lived in dormitory while
      studying at the university. Majority of the sample students, 76.3 and 72.8 percent, had the dietary
      and exercise health promotion behaviors at the low level that should be improved. Factors that
      significantly associated with the dietary behaviors were value in food consumption and self-efficacy
      to eat healthy food (p<0.05). Factor that significantly related to the exercise behaviors was selfefficacy to perform exercise (p<0.05). While enabling and reinforcing factors were not significantly
      related to both the dietary and exercise behaviors. Therefore, a university should launch health
      promotion activities for the first year students, specifically the freshly and continuing students of all
      Faculties. The value and self-efficacy enhancement regarding health promotion behaviors should
      be emphasized.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Expectation and Perception of Service Quality of Clients of the Accident
           and Emergency Department in Nongkhai Hospital

    • Authors: Warisara Baunoo, Panee Sitakalin
      Pages: 157 - 172
      Abstract: This exploratory research aims to study Expectation and Perception of Service Quality of
      Clients at Emergency Room in Nongkhai Hospital during February 1 – 28, 2018.Calculating The
      sample group based on of knowing the population. According to the Clients statistics of in the
      same period of the part which were, 3 years, 4,620 people per month. The ratio of sample
      group was 268 people. Sampling was distributed systematically every day in a week according
      to the proportion in the ratio of 2.0: 2.5: 1.0. The sample group was 15: 17: 7 people, a total of
      39 people per day and, randomly assigned to all 4 recipients. Data Collection using a
      questionnaire which included personal information and the quality of service as expected and
      perceived with the . Statistics analysis used percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Paired
      t-test. The result indicated that 1) The overall expectation level on service quality of
      emergency work in all dimensions were at the highest level. In terms of perception, the level of
      service quality was high in Tangibles, Reliability, Assurance and Empathy except the response to
      patients which was rated moderate. The lowest perception score was the waiting time. 2)
      Comparing the difference between the quality of service as expected and the perception of
      patients, there was a statistically significant difference at .05 among all dimensions and overall
      score in which the expectation scored higher than the perception. Therefore, the Accident
      and Emergency Department of Nongkhai Hospital should work together in reducing the waiting
      time, improving communication with patients, and focusing more on service behavior.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effects of Homeopathic Eupatorium perfoliatum 200C for Prevention of
           Dengue Feverat Community Hospital and District Health Promotion Hospital :
           Retrospective Cohort Study

    • Authors: Winai keawmuneewong, Tawan Thaneerat, Pranee Limworawan, Phanthippha Pongkasor, Krisada Pasomree
      Pages: 173 - 189
      Abstract: This research is a Retrospective Cohort Study on prevention of dengue hemorrhagic fever
      using homeopathic remedy : Eupatorium perfoliatum 200C (Eupa 200C). Target number of
      population is 499,637, divided into 325,830 cases who took Eupa 200C, and 173,807 cases who did
      not take the remedy, collected from two Community Hospitals and 15 District Health Promotion
      Hospitals. The intervention was performed in 153 villages in 15 districts, implemented in the years
      between 2014 and 2016. Follow - up of the overall incidence of dengue fever in both groups, who
      took Eupa 200C and who did not take the remedy in each village from the date of
      commencement up to 120 days.
      The results was founded that Eupa 200C was distributed to people 102 times/district, 1,056
      times/Village. The number of people that took Eupa 200C was 325,830 cases, accounted for 65.2%,
      and those of whom that did not take the remedy was 173,807 cases, accounted for 34.8%.
      It was found that there were 244 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, 39 of those patients
      took Eupa 200C, accounted for 16.0% of all the patients, and 205 of those patients did not take
      Eupa 200C, accounted for 84.0% of all the patients. There are more male than female patients,
      the minimum age of the patients is one month, the maximum age is 72 years, most of them are in
      the age group of 14 years old and over.
      The results of the statistical analysis showed that the homeopathic remedy : Eupa 200C has a
      significant effect on the prevention of dengue hemorrhagic fever ( = 258, p - value = 0.00) (RR
      = 0.1015, 95%CI = 0.07,0.14), and effectiveness of dengue fever prevention was 89.9%.
      Homeopathic remedy : Eupa 200C is effective in preventing dengue hemorrhagic fever. It
      should be used to prevent dengue fever as an additional preventive measures and to help
      controlling of dengue fever to be more effective.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Factors Related to Blood Pressure Control Behaviors among Hypertensive
           Patients in Ranod Hospital, Songkhla Province

    • Authors: Chintana Nunyapruk, Manirat Therawiwat, Kwanmuang Kaeodumkoeng, Nirat Imamee
      Pages: 190 - 203
      Abstract: Hypertension is a major cause of premature death among Thai population and its
      problem has been increasing. The objective of this cross-sectional survey research was to study
      factors related to blood pressure control behaviors of hypertensive patients. The study samples
      were 348, age between 30-70 years and were diagnosed as unknown cause of hypertension for at
      least one year. They were randomly selected from Out Patient Department (OPD) card of
      hypertensive patients who received medical services at Ranod hospital, Songkhla province. Data
      was collected by a structured interview questionnaire. The data was analyzed using frequency,
      percent, mean, standard deviation, and Chi-square test. Results of the study revealed as follows: .
      Factors that significantly associated with food consumption behaviors to control blood pressure
      were age, perceived susceptibility and severity about complications from hypertension, and social
      support from family (p<0.05). While factors significantly related to exercise behaviors to control
      blood pressure were gender, age, education level, duration of being hypertension, perceived
      susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy, and social support from family (p<0.05). Therefore, hospitals
      should design learning activities for hypertensive patients that the enhancing of perceived
      susceptibility and severity regarding complications from hypertension, and perceived self-efficacy in
      controlling of blood pressure is emphasized. Skill practices in selection of diet and exercise that
      individually suitable, using of positive model, verbal and emotional persuasion, and continuation of
      patient visit at home should be considered.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2019)
       
 
 
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