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Australian Population Studies
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2208-8482
Published by Charles Darwin University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Understanding the motivations for return migration in Australia

    • Authors: Angélique Parr
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background  Return migration is often overlooked by traditional analyses of internal migration. Why people return has received even less scrutiny. Relatively few migrants make a return move, so there is clearly something noteworthy about these people and their circumstances that trigger such a move.
      Aims  This paper explores why people make return moves in Australia.
      Data and methods  Migration histories were collected using semi-structured in-depth interviews; content analysis of interview transcripts was undertaken.
      Results  People return for a wider range of reasons than is indicated by neoclassical economic theory. Some of the moves are linked to significant life events such as post-school education and employment. Returns also occur for less tangible factors such as amenity and climate, connections to family, friends and the extent to which a place “feels like home” are equally important.
      Conclusions  A broader explanatory framework is required to explain why people return. The integration of migrant stories into more traditional migration analyses enriches the story of internal migration.
      PubDate: 2019-05-25
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2019)
  • Special working arrangements to allow for care responsibilities in
           Australia: availability, usage and barriers

    • Authors: Jeromey Temple, Briony Dow, Marian Baird
      Pages: 13 - 29
      Abstract: Background  Population ageing is projected to reduce labour force growth and aggregate labour force participation, whilst increasing demand for informal carers. Increasing the labour force participation of Australians who face barriers to employment (including carers) is part of the solution to labour market pressures occurring due to demographic change and may improve the financial wellbeing of carers.
      Aims  To examine the availability, usage and barriers to accessing Special Working Arrangements (SWA) to provide care while employed in Australia.
      Data and methods  The 2015 ABS Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers was used to measure the prevalence of the availability, usage and barriers to SWA to care stratified by carer status and gender.
      Results  About 94% of workers reported access to at least one type of SWA (n=25,094). Of this group, about 22% have used SWA to care in the last 6 months. The proportions using SWA to care were highest among primary carers (64%) followed by other carers (43%) and non-carers (19%). Of those who have used SWA, about 15% wanted to use additional SWA to care in the previous 6 months, but faced barriers in doing so, with higher proportions of primary carers (24.6%) and other carers (21.8%) reporting barriers. The main barriers faced by employed carers included insufficient paid leave and/or work commitments.
      Conclusions  A range of paid and unpaid arrangements are necessary for carers to combine paid work with their caregiving responsibilities. Labour market legislation and workplace policies should be strengthened to reduce barriers to take up of SWA.
      PubDate: 2019-05-25
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2019)
  • Calculating a deprivation index using census data

    • Authors: Paul Norman, Laurie Berrie, Daniel J Exeter
      Pages: 30 - 39
      Abstract: Background  Deprivation indexes have widespread use in academic research and in local and national government applications. It is useful for people to understand their construction and to be able to calculate their own measures.
      Aims  We provide an overview of the background to area based deprivation measures. We detail and explain a series of steps taken to calculate a deprivation index for small areas in Australia.
      Data and methods  We use data from Australia’s 2016 Census of Population and Housing for the SA2 level of geography. After defining the set of variables used as inputs, we emulate the steps taken to calculate other census based deprivation indexes.
      Results  The resulting scheme correlates closely with an official, but more sophisticated deprivation measure, suggesting that simple schemes have utility.
      Conclusions  There are choices to be made for input variables and for some of the detail of the calculations. Researchers can follow the steps we describe to develop their own measures.
      PubDate: 2019-05-25
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2019)
  • An introduction to population projections for Australia

    • Authors: Tom Wilson
      Pages: 40 - 56
      Abstract: Background  Population projections for Australia are produced by many organisations. They differ in projected population numbers, methods used, level of output detail, temporal extent, frequency of revision, quality and purpose, and they are not always easy to find.
      Aims  This paper provides a brief guide to many of the population projections prepared for Australia in recent years. It gives an overview of projection methods and selected results, a brief commentary on key aspects of the projections, and shows readers where to find more data and information.
      Data and methods  Projections data were obtained from the various organisations producing projections. They are presented in order of spatial detail: national scale, States and Territories; large sub-state regions; and then local and small areas.
      Results  The ABS and State and Territory Governments are the main producers of population projections and forecasts in Australia, and generally these projections are good quality. They cover a wide variety of spatial scales from the national level to local areas, such as SA2s. A great deal of projections data and information is now freely available online.
      Conclusions  Population projections and forecasts can be very useful data for a wide variety of planning, policy and research purposes. But it is important to be aware of their limitations.
      PubDate: 2019-05-25
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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