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Sodality : Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2302-7517 - ISSN (Online) 2302-7525
Published by Bogor Agricultural University Homepage  [26 journals]
  • Dampak Variabilitas Iklim Terhadap Struktur Nafkah Rumah Tangga Petani dan
           Pola Adaptasi

    • Authors: Titis Pury Purboningtyas, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Eka Intan Kumala Putri
      Abstract: This research was aimed to 1) identify the livelihoods structure of farmers household; 2) identify the adaptive mechanism of farmers household (patterns of adaptation). The data were collected by survey method in two villages, Kalianyar and Krangkeng, Indramayu District. There was 90 respondents of farmers household taken by purposive, 40 respondents in Kalianyar and 50 respondents in Krangkeng. Both villages were selected because they are ecologically vulnerable, characterized by drought due to climate variability. This research used livelihoods structure calculation and descriptive analysis method. The results of study showed that farmers households in Kalianyar have a better income and saving capacity than Krangkeng farmers households. To respond the effects of climate variability, farmers households in both villages by using ecological, economic and social adaptation patterns. Adaptation patterns are carried out as a form of farmers household strategies to overcome the adverse effects of climate variability. The livelihood assets used by farmers household in both village greatly influences the ability of farmer household to implement adaptation strategies.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.21514
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Institutional Sustainability Analysis of Community-Based Tourism (Case of
           Kasbi Community in North Halmahera )

    • Authors: Yerik Afrianto Singgalen, Gatot Sasongko, Pamerdi Giri Wiloso
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the sustainability of the implementation of the concept of community-based tourism especially in the Tourism Community in North Halmahera Regency known as "Kasbi". The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach. The results of this study indicate that contextually in North Halmahera Regency, participation and partnership are very essential in achieving sustainability in the implementation of the concept of community-based tourism. Thus, local tourism institutions need support from various stakeholders to achieve sustainable development goals.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.20744
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Cantrang dan Kemiskinan Nelayan di Kota Tegal Jawa Tengah

    • Authors: Rohayati - -, Rilus A Kinseng
      Abstract: The sea territorial of Tegal City are known to have abundant fishery resources, but fisherman poverty still occurs. The low welfare of fisherman is suspected due to the competition of catching areas and the use of trap fishing tools of cantrang type (seine nets) that can cause poverty of fishermen in Tegal City coastal. In addition, cantrang fishing tools alsi damage other fishing gear such as jarng, pancing, and arad. This study aims to analyze the poverty of fishermen community and known the influence of firsherman cantrang to poverty of fishermen in Tegal City. The research method used is survey method. Poverty analysis of fishermen using poverty line approach through 14 indicators of household poverty, and to known the influence of fisherman cantrang to poverty of fisherman using descriptive analysis approach. The result of the research by using the measurement of poverty line, shows that which include in the group of poor fisherman is fishing rod fisherman. However, based on the measurement of 14 indicantors of poor households, small fishermen who live in Tegal City coastal categorized as less prosperous family. The results also show that the existence of cantrang fisherman not affect the poverty of fishermen because of different fishing areas, cantrang fisherman fishing in  Sumatra and Kalimantan sea while small fishermen do catching around the sea of Tegal City. 
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.19843
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Analisis Mekanisme Adaptif dan Kerentanan Nafkah Nelayan di Teluk Jakarta
           (Studi Kasus: Nelayan Muara Angke, Kamal Muara dan Kalibaru)

    • Authors: robin robin
      Abstract: This study has two main objectives: 1) Analyzing the characteristic of fishermen in the Bay of Jakarta, 2) Building a conceptual model to see the relationship between the ecological footprint of fisheries and the vulnerability of livelihoods of fishermen. The data collection was done by triangulation method (observation, interview, and documentation). The sampling technique used snowball sampling with sample size were 15-30 samples. The method of analysis used in this research was descriptive qualitative for livelihood vulnerability based on Ellis’s (2000) equation and descriptive quantitative for fisheries ecological footprint (FEF). For FEF we used equation based on Pauly & Christensen (1995). The results showed that there was a quite different characteristic between fishermen in Kamal Muara, Muara Angke and Kalibaru related to tribes,  fishing gear, income, adaptation model and education level. The livelihood vulnerability showed Fishermen at Muara angke much more vulnerable than fishermen at Kamal Muara and Kalibaru. For Fisheries ecological footprint showed that Jakarta bay ecosystem is overshot meant the biocapacity (BC) much lower than value of EF per capita for water system TS = 6,04 km2/fisherman, C & CS water system = 0,71 km2/fisherman and Non-TS = 0,42 km2/ fisherman while BC = 0,21 km2/fisherman..
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.20371
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Sistem Nilai dan Resiliensi Komunitas dalam Pengelolaan Rawa Lebak

    • Authors: Shinta Mutiara Rezeky, Nurmala K Pandjaitan, Sofyan Sjaf
      Abstract: Rawa lebak is the main source of livelihood for the people living around it. Climate change makes it difficult for community to predict the arrival of the rainy season. The community is vulnerable to crop failure. In addition, the existence of regional regulations governing the management of rawa lebak in the flood season increasingly pressured the community. Communities also become vulnerable to food insecurity The purpose of this study is to identify the social values, economic values, and political values of rawa lebak, and to see the resilience of the community to the food insecurity conditions in the rawa lebak area. This research uses qualitative method. Qualitative data is obtained in three ways, observations, indepth interview, and documentations on an ongoing basis. The result of this research is rawa lebak has the social values through various rituals conducted by the community before rice planting season. The economic values of rawa lebak is its function as the  main source of  livelihood for the community. The political values of rawa lebak is the ownership system of rawa lebak. The community in Tapus Village is still at the level of resilience as stability because it has not been able to perform an optimum adaptive capacity. In addition, the domination of the political value of the rawa lebak makes people less able to make optimum use of the economic value of the swamp swamp. This makes community  more sensitive and vulnerable to food insecure.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.22482
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Kelas dan Ketimpangan Struktural Masyarakat Nelayan di Kota Ambon

    • Authors: Gadri ramadhan attamimi, Rilus A Kinseng, Ivanovich Agusta
      Abstract: Social class is a social phenomenon that often occurs in every social group including the fishing communities. The structural inequality of fishing communities is characterized by the imbalance in ownership of production equipment and income distribution among fishermen. This research was conducted in one of the  Fishermen Village (Negeri) in Ambon City, called Negeri Latuhalat. Type of research used in this study is post-positivism paradigm using qualitative approach supported by quantitative research. The purpose of this research is to analyze the level of imbalance between Ambon City fishermen. The results showed the formation of fishermen social classes which consist of masnait fishermen, tanase fisherman laborer, small fishermen, middle fishermen and tenant fisherman (capitalist). The gini index of fishermen in the research location shows a figure of 0.74, meaning that it shows a high imbalance between fisherman classes. The ratio of kuznets or the average comparison between fishermen received by 33% of the top group of Rp. 8,404,567, - and 25% of the lowest group of Rp. 2.040.000, -. Measurements using the World Bank also show the same thing with the results of gini index measurements that illustrate the portrait of inequality income distribution in the study sites. This condition illustrates that there has been an imbalance between fishermen classes, as much as 75% are only able to receive 8.72% of total income while as much as 25% of tenant fishermen (capitalist) enjoy and control 91.73% of total income.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.22607
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Pembungkaman Suara Politik Pengakuan Masyarakat Adat dalam Perspektif
           Ekonomi Politik

    • Authors: Iskandar Zulkarnain, Endriatmo Soetarto, Satyawan Sunito, Soeryo Adiwibowo
      Abstract: Symptoms of political neglection along with changes in capitalist-oriented economic development policies have become a major challenge for recognition of indigenous people in Indonesia. The experience of the Mapur Lom tribe marks the phase of detachment of an entity from its agrarian tradition. This study aims to identify the future critical point of Lom people due to the absence of recognition from the government which more prioritizes the practices of power domination and penetration of capital. The case study was used to oversee the socio-economic relations between tin and oil palm as well as the dynamics of actors contestation who were legitimized by the post-New Order bureaucracy. Data collection uses interviews, observation, document studies, and focused discussions. The results of the research show that the mechanism of stifling the political voice of Lom people's recognition takes place through two phases, namely silencing from within by the apparatus at the hamlet level by hijacking the autonomy discourse of customary forests. The second phase, preclusion of political voices from outside through a continuous changing of regulations, policies that tend to favor the oil palm plantation corporations, capital intervention accompanied with land grab and violence. Working with Marxian perspective elaboration and critical perspective see that failure of state and bureaucracy at the regional level related to political economy of recognition are the result of perpetuating power domination based on concentration of regulation, policy, legitimacy, and capital along with collusion with corporations against individuals, groups and nature.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.24325
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Alih Fungsi Lahan dan Perubahan Masyarakat di Kecamatan Cimanuk, Kabupaten

    • Authors: Susvia Delta Kusdiane, Endriatmo Soetarto, Satyawan Sunito
      Abstract: Cimanuk Subdistrict is known with rice brand called “beras cimanuk”, which is a quality rice-producing area in Pandeglang Regency, but land use due to regional development has affected the lives of farmers, especially the younger generation of local farmers. This study aims to see how the conversion of agricultural land has a significant impact on social change in society, especially in the survival of generations of farmers. Data collection was conducted from April to June 2016 with interview techniques involving 21 informants consisting of tenants, landowners, surrounding communities, and agricultural extension agents. Data analysis was carried out descriptively. The results of the study concluded that land use change affected the declining role of agriculture in the socio-economic life of the community. the fading of the meaning of agricultural land became a driver in the difficulty of realizing the regeneration of farmers in Cimanuk subdistrict
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.23465
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Kearifan Lokal "Makiriwo" dalam Perspektif Sustainable Livelihood (Studi
           Kasus: Petani Kelapa Desa Apulea, Kabupaten Halmahera Utara, Indonesia)

    • Authors: Yosafat Kotalaha, Gatot Sasongko
      Abstract: This study aims to describe a portrait of Apulea community in North Halmahera District which is located in the border region between Indonesia-Philippines and North Halmahera-West Halmahera District. This study uses a qualitative method with a case study approach that specifically describes a survival strategy for the sustainability of the livelihoods of coconut farmers in the village of Apulea in North Halmahera Regency, Indonesia. Retrieval of research data using in-depth interview techniques, document observation and study. The informants involved in this study were selected selectively based on livelihoods and experience using social capital and cultural capital as a strategy to achieve livelihood sustainability. The results of this study indicate that local knowlidge makiriwo is embodied in natural resource capital and social capital that is used to sustain life  amid barriers to acces to financial capital, physical capital and human capital.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.25455
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
  • Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Praktik Pengelola Rumah Potong Hewan di Provinsi
           DKI Jakarta

    • Authors: Hasudungan Agustinus Sidablok, Macfud -, Nahrowi -, Nurmala K Pandjaitan
      Abstract: The objective of this research is understanding the correlation of characteristics with level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of slaughterhouse management concerning hygiene, sanitation, and waste management.  Research objects in this study are 3 types of slaughterhouse in Jakarta; pig, poultry, and ruminant slaughterhouse.  The aim of this study is determine the correlation of knowledge, attitude, and practice characteristics of slaughterhouse management related to hygiene, sanitation, and waste management. Tools used are questionnaire to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices of slaughterhouse management. Data collected consist by questionnaire filled by slaughterhouse agency. Data were analysed with SPSS® to calculate characteristic and variables correlation. On pig slaughterhouse management, there is correlation between educational background with knowledge (P<0.05; r=-0.804). On ruminant slaughterhouse, there is a correlation between income level with practice (P<0.05; r=-0.804) and knowledge level with attitude (P<0.05; r=0.641). On poultry slaughterhouse, there is a clear correlation between educational level with knowledge (P<0.05; r=0.686), income level with knowledge (P<0.06; r=-0.802), educational level with attitude (P<0.05; r=0.716), frequency of training with attitude (P<0.05; r=-0.741), frequency of training with practice (P<0.05; r=0.758), and employment status with practice (P<0.05; r=0.127). Training and socialization frequency must be improved especially for ruminant slaughterhouse for it is the location with the least number of training and socialization. Education level requirement for employment must also be increased since education level has a clear correlation with knowledge.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
      DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.25456
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2019)
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