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Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2338-6401 - ISSN (Online) 2338-7335
Published by Indonesian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Preeclampsia after the Seven Quantum Leap Prediction

    • Authors: Johanes C Mose
      Pages: 3 - 4
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.986
  • Socio-Demographic and Nutritional Determinants of Birth Weight in Coastal

    • Authors: Juminten Saimin, Amalia N Azizah, Satrio Wicaksono
      Pages: 5 - 8
      Abstract: Objective :  To identify socio-demographic and nutritional determinant associated with birth weight in coastal areas. Method : A cross sectional study using simple random sampling method. Data of labour in coastal areas of Kendari City was analyzed. Total of 215 women who aterm delivery in Community Health Centre of Mata, Nambo and Abeli on January to December 2016 were included in this study. Birth weight was examined in association with independent variable as maternal age, education, occupation, husband’s job, parity, antenatal care, iron tablets consumption and upper arm circumference. Results : Most participants were aged 20-25 years old, primary education, as housewife, multiparity and husband work as self-employed. There was 8.9% low birth weight in coastal areas. Maternal age, education and ANC visits were significantly associated with birth weight (p < 0.05). Consumption of iron tablets and upper arm circumference were significantly associated with birth weight (p < 0.05). Conclusion :Maternal age, education and ANC visits were socio-demographic determinant that associated with birth weight. Iron tablets consumption and upper arm circumference were nutritional determinant that significantly associated with birth weight. Keywords : age, antenatal care, birth weight, education, iron tablets, upper arm circumference   Abstrak Tujuan :Mengidentifikasi determinan sosio-demografik dan gizi yang berhubungan dengan berat badan lahir bayi di daerah pesisir. Metode :Penelitian potong lintangdengan pengambilan sampel secara simple random sampling. Dilakukan analisis terhadap 215 ibu hamil yang melahirkan bayi cukup bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mata, Nambo dan Abelipada bulan Januari sampai Desember 2016. Varia beli independen berupa usia ibu, tingkat pendidikan, pekerjaan, pekerjaan suami, paritas, antenatal care, konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran lingkar lengan atas. Hasil :Responden terbanyak berusia 20-25tahun, berpendidikan rendah, bekerja sebagai ibu rumah tangga, multiparitas dan pekerjaan suami wiraswasta. Terdapat8,9% bayi BBLR. Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara usia ibu, tingkat pendidikan dan ANC dengan BBL (p < 0.05). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran LILA dengan BBL (p < 0.05). Kesimpulan :Determinan sosio-demografik yang berhubungan dengan BBL adalah usia, tingkat pendidikan, dan ANC. Sedangkan determinan gizi yang berhubungan dengan BBL adalah konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran LILA. Kata kunci: ANC, BBL, LILA, pendidikan, tablet besi, usia
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.818
  • Knowledge of Midwives as a Healthcare Provider About Hypertensive
           Disorders During Pregnancy

    • Authors: Junita Indarti, Sandy Prasetyo
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract:   Objective: To investigate the knowledge of midwives about hypertensive disorders during pregnancy.   Methods: The study design is cross-sectional by evaluating the knowledge of midwives regarding hypertensive disorders during pregnancy by using questionnaire. This study was conducted in Jakarta during the period between September and October 2017. The subject is a midwife member of Indonesian Midwives Association (IBI) practicing in DKI Jakarta, Indonesia.   Results: Total respondents were 639 practicing midwives in Central, South, West and North Jakarta. A total of 323 (50.5%) of the respondents had a sufficient level of knowledge about the basic science of high blood pressure in pregnancy, 372 (58.2%) of respondents had a good level of knowledge related to clinical examination and early diagnosis of high blood pressure in pregnancy, and 385 (60.3%) of respondents had a good level of knowledge about the management of high blood pressure in pregnancy. The location of the clinic, physician attendance, the number of patients treated by the midwives, and the number of midwives attending the clinic had significant association with the knowledge level of the subjects (all P values < 0,05)   Conclusion: The lowest knowledge level was about the basic science of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Factors affecting the knowledge levels of the midwives were location of the clinic, physician attendance, the number of patients treated by the midwives, and the number of midwives attending the clinic   Keywords: knowledge, midwive, hypertensive disorders, pregnancy, preeclampsia
      PubDate: 2019-01-27
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.638
  • Differences in Serum Lipid Profile Value in Pregnancy and Postpartum on
           Severe Preeclampsia

    • Authors: I Putu F I White, John J E Wantania, Maya E Mewengkang
      Pages: 15 - 20
      Abstract:                      Objective:Uncovering the connection of serum lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, VLDL) with preeclampsia in pregnancy and postpartum, and its outcome. Method:This is a cross-sectional comparative analytic study Result:From 28 preeclampsia subject were found, mean value of systole 165.36 mmHg and 105.71 diastole. Serum lipid profile in pregnancy and postpartum has a significant differences and correlated with preeclampsia, total cholesterol 234.5 mg/dl and 192.71 mg/dl, p=0.000; medium positive in pregnancy with systole r=0.461; p=0.013, weak positive with diastole r=0.380; p=0.046; postpartum with systole medium positive r=0.615; p=0.001, and weak positive with diastole r=0.317; p=0.100. LDL 140.5 mg/dl and 102.5 mg/dl, p=0.000; pregnancy and systole r=0.446; p=0,017; and postpartum were medium positive r=0.546; p=0.003. HDL 51.5 mg/dl and 43.5 mg/dl, p=0.003; not correlated with BP. Triglyceride 268.89 mg/dl and 208.96 mg/dl, p=0.000; pregnancy r=0.516; p=0.005; postpartum r= 0.515; p=0.005 has medium correlation with systole. VLDL 53.78 mg/dl and 41.79, p=0.000; pregnancy r=0.461; p=0.013 systole medium positive; r=0.380; p=0.046 diastole weak positive; postpartum r=0,615; p=0,001 systole strong positive. Conclusion:All parameter of serum lipid profile in pregnancy and postpartum has significant differences and related with severe preeclampsia. Total cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, and VLDL correlated with BP in severe preeclampsia. Key word:endothelial dysfunction, lipid profile, preeclampsia.   Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan profil lipid serum (kolesterol total, trigliserida, HDL, LDL, VLDL) dengan preeklampsia dan luarannya dalam kehamilan dan postpartum. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi potong lintang analitik komparatif Hasil: Dari 28 subjek dengan preeklamsia, ditemukan rerata systole 165,36 mmHg dan 105,71 diastole. Profil lipid serum dalam kehamilan dan postpartum ditemukan berbeda bermakna dan berhubungan dengan preeklampsia berat, kolesterol total 234,5 mg/dl dan 192,71 mg/dl, p=0,000; kehamilan dengan sistole positif sedang  r=0,461; p=0,013, diastole positif lemah r=0,380; p=0,046; postpartum dengan sistole positif sedang r=0,615; p=0,001,  dan diastole postitif lemah r=0,317; p=0,100. LDL 140,5 mg/dl dan 102,5 mg/dl, p=0,000; dalam kehamilan dengan sistole r=0,446; p=0,017;  dan postpartum positif sedang r=0,546; p=0,003. HDL 51,5 mg/dl dan 43,5 mg/dl, p=0,003; tidak berkorelasi dengan TD. Trigliserida 268,89 mg/dl dan 208,96 mg/dl, p=0,000; kehamilan r=0,516; p=0,005; postpartum  r= 0,515; p = 0,005 korelasi positif sedang dengan sistole.  VLDL 53,78 mg/dl dan  41,79, p=0,000; kehamilan r=0,461; p=0,013 positif sedang dengan sistole; r=0,380; p=0,046 positif lemah dengan diastole; postpartum r=0,615; p=0,001 positif kuat dengan sistole. Kesimpulan: Seluruh parameter profil lipid serum kehamilan dan postpartum ditemukan memiliki perbedaan bermakna dan berhubungan dengan preeklampsia berat. Kolesterol total, LDL, trigliserida, dan VLDL ditemukan berhubungan dengan TD pada PEB. Kata kunci: disfungsi endothel, lipid, preeklampsia.
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.820
  • Comparison between Leukocyte Esterase Activity (LEA) and Histopathology
           Examination in Identifying Chorioamnionitis Cases

    • Authors: Putri H Novianesari, Nuswil Bernolian, Henni Maulani, Afifa Ramadanti, Theodorus Theodorus
      Pages: 21 - 27
      Abstract: Objective: To compare sensitivity and specificity of LEA to histopathology examination in diagnosing chorioamnionitis. Methods: We compared diagnostic tests in dr. Mohammad Hoesin hospital, Palembang, from September 2015 to April 2016. Ninety-one pregnant women were included. LEA and histopathology examination were carried out with neonatal sepsis as main outcome. Data were analysed by SPSS version 21.0 and Med-calc statistic. Results: Chorioamnionitis was detected in 54 (77.1%) patients with gestational period ≥37 weeks and in 16 (22.9%) patients with gestational period <37 weeks. Duration of membrane rupture was significantly associated with chorioamnionitis (p = 0.001 and p = 0.011). Neonatal sepsis was also significantly associated with chorioamnionitis in both groups (p = 0.014 and p = 0.036). LEA value with cut-off point >0.5 was able to significantly predict chorioamnionitis with 98.6% sensitivity and 95.2% specificity, providing better accuracy in diagnosing chorioamnionitis in preterm pregnancy group. Conclusion: LEA had a very good predictive value for chorioamnionitis with better accuracy in diagnosing chorioamnionitis in preterm pregnancy. Keywords: Chorioamnionitis, Histopathology, Leukocyte esterase activity, Neonatal sepsis, Salafia criteria       Tujuan: Membandingkan sensitifitas dan spesifisitas diagnosis korioamnionitis antara pemeriksaan Leukocyte esterase activity (LEA) terhadap histopatologi. Metode: Penelitian uji diagnostik dilakukan di RSUP dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang selama periode September 2015 – April 2016,  91 wanita hamil yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi selanjutnya dilakukan pemeriksaan LEA, Histopatologi dan luaran sepsis neonatorum. Data kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan software SPSS versi 21.0 dan Med-calc statistic. Hasil: Korioamnionitis terdeteksi pada 54 (77,1%) pasien dengan usia gestasi ≥37 minggu dan 16 (22,9%) pada usia gestasi <37 minggu. Durasi lamanya pecah ketuban akan berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kejadian korioamnionitis (p = 0,001 dan p = 0,011), Sepsis neonatorum juga secara signifikan berhubungan dengan kejadian korioamnionitis pada kedua kelompok (p = 0,014 dan p = 0,036). Kadar LEA dengan cut off point >0,5 secara signifikan mampu memprediksi kejadian korioamnionitis dengan sensitivitas 98,6%, spesifisitas 95,2% dan nilai akurasi yang lebih baik ditemukan dalam penegakan diagnosis korioamnionitis pada kelompok kehamilan preterm. Kesimpulan: Pemeriksaan LEA memiliki kekuatan prediksi yang sangat baik terhadap kejadian korioamnionitis dengan akurasi yang lebih baik dalam mendiagnosis korioamnionitis pada kehamilan preterm. Kata kunci: Korioamnionitis, Histopatologi, Leukocyte Esterase Activity,Sepsis Neonatorum, Kriteria Salafia
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.823
  • The Associated of Serum Inhibin A Levels in Severe Preeclampsia

    • Authors: Anatasia M Lumentut, Junneke J Kaeng, Eddy Suparman
      Pages: 28 - 32
      Abstract: Objective: to prove the associated of serum Inhibin A levels in severe preeclampsia. Method: this study was an observational analytic research with cross-sectional design. The subject of this study consists of 23 samples of normotensive pregnancy and 23 of samples severe preeclampsia who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria.This study was conducted and evaluated fromSeptember 2016 until December 2016 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty of Medicine University of Sam Ratulangi Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Hospital Manado and satellite hospitals. Samples were analyzed using ELISA method at Prodia laboratory. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 20.0 Result: Mean serum Inhibin A levels in normotensive pregnancy is 477,22pg/ml while mean in severe preeclampsiais 2712,39 pg/ml with p value = 0,000. Conclusion: Levels of serum Inhibin A in severe preeclampsia significantly higher compared to normotensive pregnancy. Keywords: inhibin A, normotensi, severe preeclampsia     Tujuan:  untuk membuktikan hubungan kadar inhibin A serum pada preeclamsia berat. Metode: penelitian ini merupakan studi analitik observasional dalam bentuk desain potong lintang. Dilakukan pemeriksaan kadar Inhibin A serum pada 46 sampel ibu hamil yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi, terdiri atas 23 kelompok preeclamsia berat dan 23 kelompok kehamilan normotesi. Penelitian dilaksanakan dan dievaluasi sejak bulan September 2016 sampai Desember 2016 di Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sam Ratulangi / RSU Prof. dr. R. D. Kandou Manado dan rumah sakit jejaring. Analisis sampel dilakukan di Laboratorium Prodia Jakartamenggunakan metode ELISA. Data dianalisis denganSPSS versi 20.0. Hasil: rerata kadar Inhibin A serum pada kelompok kehamilan normotesi yaitu 477,22 pg/mlsedangkan rerata pada kelompok preeklamsia berat yaitu  271,.39 pg/ml dengan nilai p=,.000. Kesimpulan: kadar Inhibin A serum pada preeclampsia berat lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibandingkan dengan kehamilan normotensi. Kata kunci: inhibin A, normotensi, preeclamsia berat
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.824
  • Relationship of Serum Cortisol Levels with Postpartum Blues on Dystocia

    • Authors: Andree Hartanto, John J. E. Wantania, Joice M.M. Sondakh
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Objective: To determine the relationship of elevated serum cortisol levels in the mother with dystocia labor Methods :this study was a prospective cohort, with mother who had dystocia labor as case group and mother with normal delivery as control group at RSUP Prof.DR.RD Kandou, and affiliation hospitals from October 2016 until March 2017. Data were analyzed With SPSS version 2.0 to see the significancy level. Results: from 32 cases, 16 cases with dysocystia labor and 16 cases with normal delivery. Of all cases with abnormal postpartum serum cortisol levels, the most were housewives with 14 cases (70%), based on educational level, most of whom below bachelor degree were 18 cases (90%). While cases with EPDS(Edinburgh postpartum depresson scale) score ≥10, found the most patients who underwent a cesarean section as many as 11 cases (68.75%). In the Mann-Whitney statistical test, it showed that serum cortisol levels (p=0.007) and EPDS score (p=0.001) had a significant relationship for risk of postpartum blues in dystocia labor. Conclusions: there was a significant relationship between serum cortisol levels and EPDS score with risk of postpartum blues on dystocia labor. Keywords: dystocia labor, EPDS score, postpartum blues, serum cortisol level.   Abstrak Tujuan : mengetahui adanya hubungan peningkatan kadar kortisol serum pada ibu dengan  persalinan distosia. Metode : penelitian ini adalah jenis kohort prospektif (cohort prospective), dengan kelompok ibu yang melahirkan dengan persalinan distosia sebagai kelompok kasusdan ibu yang melahirkan tanpa komplikasi persalinan sebagai kelompok kontrol di Bagian Kebidanan dan Kandungan Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) Prof.DR.R.D Kandou, dan RS jejaring mulai Oktober 2016 sampai Maret 2017.Data dianalisa dengan SPSS versi 2.0 untuk melihat tingkat kemaknaannya. Hasil : dari 32 subjek penelitian, 16 subjek dengan persalinan distosia dan 16 subjek dengan persalinan normal. Dari seluruh subjek penelitian yang mempunyai kadar kortisol serum postpartum abnormal,berdasarkan jenis pekerjaan, paling banyak adalah ibu rumah tangga dengan 14 subjek (70 %).Berdasarkan tingkat pendidikan, didapatkan paling banyak adalah SD,SMP,SMA sebanyak 18 subjek (90%). Sedangkan subjek yang mempunyai skor EPDS ≥ 10, ditemukan paling banyak subjek yang menjalani prosedur bedah sesar sebanyak 11 pasien (68,75%). Dalam uji statistik Mann-Whitney, menunjukkan bahwa kadar kortisol serum .(p=0.007) dan skor EPDS (p=0.001) mempunyai hubungan yang kuat untuk terjadinya postpartum blues pada persalinan distosia. Kesimpulan : terdapat hubungan bermakna kadar kortisol serum dan skor EPDS dengan postpartum blues pada persalinan distosia. Kata kunci :   kadar kortisol serum, persalinan distosia, postpartum blues, skor EPDS.
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.827
  • Relationship of the Role of Counselor, Knowledge, Trust, Values, and
           Social Relationship in Contraception Acceptors’ Decision of Using
           Intrauterine Device (IUD)

    • Authors: Robby P. Sulbahri, Azhari Azhari, Firmansyah Basir, Theodorus Theodorus
      Pages: 39 - 44
      Abstract: Objective: to assess the relationship of the role of counselor, knowledge, trust, values, and social relationship regarding acceptors’ decision in using intrauterine device at Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang. Method: An observational analytical cross-sectional research carried out on June 2017 until September 2017 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Dr. Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital. 40 subjects were included. The frequency and distribution data were described in table form, bivariate analysis was performed to assess the relationship between independent and dependent variables statistically using Chi-square/Fisher Exact test. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression test was performed to assess which independent variable affects acceptors’ decision the most. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18.0 version.  Results: There were no statistically differences in age, duration of marriage, parity, number of children born alive, abortion, education, and jobs between the two groups (p<0.05). There was statistically significant relationship between knowledge, social relationship, and the role of counselor with contraception acceptors’ decision (p<0.005), but there was no significant relationship between trust and values with contraception acceptors’ decision (p>0.05). Meanwhile, the logistic regression analysis showed that the role of counselor significantly affects contraception acceptors’ decision (PR=108.989, p value=0.002). Concluson: The role of counselor is a factor that affects contraception acceptors’ decision in using IUD. Keywords: IUD, role of counselor, social relationship, trust, values, knowledge   Abstrak Tujuan: untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor peran konselor, pengetahuan, kepercayaan, nilai, dan kekerabatan terhadap keputusan akseptor KB untuk menggunakan alat kontrasepsi IUD di Rumah Sakit Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Metode: Penelitian analitik observasional rancangan cross sectional ini dilakukan di Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi Rumah Sakit Dr. Mohammad Hoesin/Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang sejak bulan Juni sampai September 2017. Didapatkan sampel sebanyak 40 wanita melahirkan memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Frekuensi dan distribusi data dijelaskan dalam bentuk tabel, analisa bivariat untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya hubungan secara statistik antara variabel bebas dan dengan variabel terikat menggunakan uji Chi Square/Fisher Exact dan analisis multivariat untuk mengetahui variabel independen mana yang paling besar pengaruhnya terhadap keputusan akseptor KB untuk menggunakan alat kontrasepsi IUD menggunakan uji Regresi Logistik. Analisa data menggunakan SPSS versi 18.0. Hasil: Tidak terdapat perbedaan karakteristik pasien baik usia, lama pernikahan, paritas, jumlah anak hidup, abortus, pendidikan dan pekerjaan antara kedua kelompok (p<0,05). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan, kekerabatan, dan peran konselor dengan keputusan akspetor KB IUD (p<0,05), namun tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kepercayaan dan nilai dengan keputusan akspetor KB IUD (p  > 0,05).  Pada analisis regresi logistik didapatkan hasil peran konselor berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap keputusan akseptor KB IUD (PR = 108,989, p value = 0,002). Keimpulan: Peran konselor merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan akseptor KB untuk menggunakan alat kontrasepsi IUD. Kata Kunci: IUD, Peran Konselor, Kekerabatan, Kepercayaan Nilai, Pengetahuan.
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.828
  • The Association of Acceptance Family Planning Acceptor to Contraceptive
           Tools Interest Usage in the Uterine (IUD)

    • Authors: Rajuddin Rajuddin, Fauzan Fauzan
      Pages: 45 - 48
      Abstract: Objective:to determine acceptance of family planning acceptors from age, numbers ofparity, mother education, spouse’s support, mother's culture and religion, maternalknowledge, gestational age, family income and number of living children to the IUD usage interest in dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital (RSUDZA) Banda Aceh. Method: This research wasa correlative design with analytical survey method with cross sectional approach. 286 respondents were interviewed and filled out a questionnaire that has been prepared, consist ofpatients in the clinic, Emergency Unit, and Delivery Room Hospital RSUDZA Banda Aceh. The data taken related tofactors influencing the acceptance of the family planning acceptors against the IUD usage interests. This study was conducted duringSeptember 18 th to October 18 th 2017. Results: The chi-square test result showed that there was a significant correlation between family planning acceptor from previous pregnancy distance and IUD usageinterest in RSUDZA Banda Aceh where p-value (0.088) <α (0.1). There was a significant correlation between maternalknowledgeand IUD usage interest in RSUDZA Banda Aceh where p-value (0.067) <α (0.1). Conclusion: Bivariate analysis results showed there was a strong relationship between previous pregnancy distance and maternal knowledgetoIUD usage interest in RSUDZA Banda Aceh. Keywords:acceptor family planning, acceptance factor, IUD   Abstrak Tujuan:untuk mengetahui hubungan penerimaan akseptor KB dari faktor usia, jumlah paritas, pendidikan ibu, izin suami, budaya dan agama ibu, pengetahuan ibu, jarak usia kehamilan, pendapatan keluarga dan jumlah anak hidup terhadap minat penggunaan AKDR di Rumah Sakit Umum dr. Zainoel Abidin (RSUDZA) Banda Aceh. Metode:Penelitian ini menggunakan desain korelatif dengan metode penelitian survei analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Terdapat 286 responden yang telah diwawancarai dan mengisi kuisioner yang telah disediakan, terdiri dari pasien-pasien di poliklinik, Instalasi Gawat Darurat, dan kamar bersalin RSUDZA Banda Aceh. Data yang diambil mengenai faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi peneriman akseptor KB terhadap minat penggunaan AKDR. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam kurun periode tanggal 18 September sampai 18 Oktober 2017. Hasil: uji chi-square menunjukkan terdapat hubungan secara signifikan penerimaan akseptor KB dari faktor jarak kehamilan ibu sebelumnya terhadap minat penggunaan AKDRdimana p-value (0,088) <α (0,1). Terdapat hubungan pengetahuan ibu dengan terhadap minat penggunaan AKDRdi RSUDZA Banda Aceh dengan nilai p-value (0,067) <α (0,1) Kesimpulan: Hasil analisis bivariat didapatkan terdapat hubungan yang kuat antara jarak kehamilan ibu dan pengetahuan ibu terhadap minat penggunaan AKDR di RSUDZA Banda Aceh. Kata kunci: akseptor KB, AKDR, faktor penerimaan
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.829
  • Risk factors for stress urinary incontinence following vaginal and
           caesarean delivery

    • Authors: Nur Waqiah, David Lotisna, Nusratuddin Abdullah
      Pages: 49 - 52
      Abstract:   Background: Most of the stress urinary incontinence (SUI) occurs after first delivery and related to the mode of delivery. Objective: To determine the factors that affects the incidence of stress urinary incontinence post partum Methods: Women experienced with stress urinary incontinence 3 months after birth vaginally or section caesarean were enrolled in the present cross sectional study. The strength of the pelvic floor muscle measured with perineometer. All of women were assessed for SUI using Sandvix Severity Index (SSI) dan The three incontinence question (3IQ) questionnaire. A person chi-square test was used to analysis with p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Eighty-four women with stress urinary incontinence  (SUI) after vaginal delivery or caesarean section enrolled in the study. There was a significant difference between mode of delivery and SUI following delivery (p<0.05). Perineal tear (grade 1-2), BMI, newborn weight and circumference significantly affect the SUI after vaginal or caesarean section. Perineal tear increase SUI after delivery 7-fold compared to other factors (OR=7.367; 95% CI=1.815-29.904). Conclusion : SUI after delivery affected by Mode of delivery, pelvic muscle floor weakness, perineal tear, BMI, newborn weight and head circumference.   Keywords: stress urinary incontinence, mode of delivery     Abstrak   Latar belakang: Sebagian besar kasus stress inkontinensia urin terjadi setelah partus pertama kali dan berhubungan dengan metode persalinan. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya stress inkontinensia urin post partum Metode: Wanita yang mengalami stres inkontinensia urin 3 bulan postpartum normal atau seksio dilibatkan dalam penelitian cross sectional ini. Kekuatan otot dasar panggul diukur dengan perineometer. Penilaian SUI dilakuakn dengan menggunakan kuesioner Sandvix Severity Index (SSI) dan The three incontinence question (3IQ). Data dianalisis dengan uji Chi-square dengan tingkat kemaknaan p<0,05. Hasil: Delapan puluh empat wanita dengan SIU postpartum per vaginam atau operasi caesar dilibatkan dalam penelitian ini. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara cara persalinan dan SIU setelah postpartum (p<0,05). Ruptur perineum (grade 1-2), IMT, berat bayi lahir dan lingkar kepala secara signifikan mempengaruhi SIU postpartum. Ruptur perineum meningkatkan SUI postpartum 7 kali lipat dibandingkan dengan faktor-faktor lainnya (OR = 7,367; 95% CI = 1,815-29,904). Kesimpulan: SIU postpartum dipengaruhi oleh cara persalinan, kelemahan dasar otot panggul, robekan perineum, IMT, berat bayi lahir dan lingkar kepala.   Kata kunci : stress inkontinensia urin, metode persalinan
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.830
  • Sacrospinosus Fixation Efectivity in Pelvic Organ Prolapse Patient

    • Authors: Yulius Andriansyah, Amir F, Firmansyah B, Theodorus Theodorus
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract:   Background : Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition in which interna genitalia protrude into vagina, or even out of vagina. This occur due to weaknesses of pelvic muscle, fascia and ligaments support. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) is an ideal vaginal procedure for POP repair with 90-95% success rate. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of SSF in patients with POP at dr. Mohammad Hoesin hospital (RSMH) Palembang Method: Randomized clinical trial (RCT) was performed at RSMH Palembang from January to September 2017. There were 30 samples of pelvic organ prolapse who met the inclusion criteria. Data frequency and distribution were described in table form and the effectiveness of SSF were analyzed by Wilcoxon / paired t-test while the effectiveness ratio was analyzed by Mann Whitney / independent t-test. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Result: There were no differences in patient characteristics (age, parity, body weight, height, and occupation) between the two treatment groups (p <0.05). There were differences of breech pain (proctalgia) before and after 1, 3, and 6 months post operation in SSF group (p <0.05), in which proctalgia was more exquisite after than before surgery. The results showed that SSF was effective in reducing urinary disorders, defecation disorders, vaginal prolapse, cystocele and rectocele, and effectively improving the quality of life of POP patient. In addition, there was a difference of proctalgia and vaginal prolapse 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery between two groups where the adverse outcome of the proctalgia was more significant in SSF group but the vaginal prolapse was more significant in the non-SSF group. There were no differences in bleeding complications (p = 1,000) and infection (p = 1,000) between the two groups. Conclusion: Sacrospinosus Fixation was effectively reduces the vaginal prolapse of pelvic organ prolapse patients. Keywords: Urinary, Defecation, Sacrospinosus Fixation, Quality of Life, Proclatgia, Rectocele, Cystocele. Abstrak   Latar Belakang:. Prolapsus organ panggul (POP) merupakan keadaan dimana suatu organ genitalia turun kedalam vagina, bahkan mungkin keluar liang vagina. Hal ini terjadi dikarenakan kelemahan otot, fasia dan ligamen penyokongnya. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) adalah prosedur vaginal yang ideal untuk perbaikan POP dengan tingkat keberhasilan 90-95%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas SSF pada penderita prolaps organ panggul di rumah sakit dr. Mohammad Hoesin (RSMH) Palembang Metode: Uji klinis acak berpembanding (RCT) dilakukan di RSMH Palembang sejak bulan Januari sampai September 2017. Didapatkan sampel sebanyak 30 penderita prolaps organ panggul yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Frekuensi dan distribusi data dijelaskan dalam bentuk table dan efektivitas SSF dianalisis dengan uji Wilcoxon/paired t-test dan perbandingan efektivitas dianalisa dengan uji Mann Whitney/independent t-Test menggunakan SPSS versi 16.0. Hasil: Analisis statistik tidak terdapat perbedaan karakteristik pasien baik umur, paritas, berat badan, tinggi badan, dan pekerjaan antara kedua kelompok perlakuan (p< 0,05). Didapatkan bahwa SSF efektif mengurangi gangguan berkemih, gangguan defekasi, prolaps vagina, sistokel dan rektokel serta meningkatkan kualitas hidup pasien POP, namun terdapat perbedaan nyeri bokong (proktalgia) sebelum dan sesudah 1 bulan, 3 bulan dan 6 bulan operasi pada group SSF (p <0,05). dimana proktalgia lebih dirasakan setelah operasi dibandingkan sebelum operasi. Selain itu terdapat perbedaan proklatgia dan prolaps vagina 1,3 dan 6 bulan setelah operasi antar kedua group dimana proktalgia lebih dirasakan pada kelompok SSF namun prolaps vagina lebih banyak dialami oleh kelompok non SSF. Tidak terdapat perbedaan komplikasi perdarahan (p = 1,000) dan infeksi (p = 1,000) antara kedua kelompok. Simpulan: Fiksasi sakrospinosus efektif mengurangi prolaps vagina pasien prolaps organ panggul. Kata Kunci:. Berkemih, Defekasi, Fiksasi sacrospinosus, Kualitas Hidup, Nyeri Bokong, Rektokel, Sistoke  
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.837
  • Comparison of Postpartum Urinary Retention Healing between Groups with
           Methods of Residual Urine Measurement Four Hours versus Six Hours

    • Authors: Fernandi Moegni, Ummu Hani
      Pages: 60 - 63
      Abstract: Objective: To know the difference of recovery time and the urinary residual volume between group of patient with different time of  urinary residual collecting. Method: A randomized controlled trial was held at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo central general hospital and central Karawang hospital between March and Desember 2017. Postpartum women with urinary retention risks, willing to contribute to the trial, and diagnosed as post partum urinary retention were divided into 2 groups. Urinary residual volume was measured in 4th hour and 6th hour in each group. Patient then treated according to RSCM guideline, and the time of recovery was documented. Result: Both group have similar characteristic. The median length of recovery in the group which the urinary residual was measured in 4th hour was 30 hours, 21 hours shorter than 6th hour group, 51 hours (p< 0.001). The median of urinary residual volume of the 4th hour group was 600 ml, 400 ml lesser than the 6th hour group, 1000 ml (p< 0.001) Conclussion: time of recovery are shorter in the 4th  hour group and the urinary residual volume are less in the 4th hour group compared to the 6th hour group. Keywords: post partum urinary retention, urine residual, urinary residual collecting time   Abstrak Tujuan: untuk mengetahui lama pemulihan dan volume residu urin pada kelompok pasien dengan retensio urin pascapersalinan dengan beda waktu pengukuran, Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desai uji klinis acak di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo dan RSUD Karawang bulan Maret-Desember 2017. Perermpuan pascasalin dengan risiko retensio urin pasca persalinan, bersedia mengikuti penelitian, dan terdiagnosis retensio urin dibagi menjadi dua kelompok. Kelompok pertama diukur residu urinnya dalam 4 jam, kelompok kedua dalam 6 jam. Pasien lalu diberikan tatalaksana retensio urin sesuai protokol RSUPNCM dan dicatat waktu pulihnya. Hasil: Karakteristik pasien pada kedua kelompok dianggap setara. Median lama pemulihan pasien retensio urin yang diukur residu urin 4 jam adalah 30 jam, berbeda 21 jam dengan pasien yang diukur resiudnya 6 jam, yaitu 51 jam (p<0.001).  Median jumlah  residu urin pada kelompok pengukuran residu urin 4 jam adalah 600 ml, berbeda 400 ml dengan kelompok pengukuran 6 jam, yaitu 1.000 ml (p<0.001). Kesimpulan: Lama pemulihan lebih singkat pada kelompok pasien dengan waktu pengukuran residu urin 4 jam dibandingkan dengan 6 jam. Jumlah residu urin lebih sedikit pada pengukuran residu 4 jam dibanding 6 jam Kata kunci: retensio urin pasca persalinan, residu urin, waktu pengukuran residu urin
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.838
  • The Proportion of Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients with Stage IIA1 and
           IIA2 Cervical Cancer who were Treated for Radical Hysterectomy and Pelvic

    • Authors: Andrijono andrijono, Wahyu Ginealdy
      Pages: 64 - 68
      Abstract: Objective: This study was designed to determine a difference in prognosis of stage IIA1 cervical cancer compared to stage IIA2 based on the incidence of metastasis to pelvic lymph nodes by radical hysterectomy. Methods:A cross sectional study was conducted among 108 stage II cervical cancer patient post radical hysterectomy in obstetric gynecologic department of Dr. CiptoMangunkusumo hospital since 2006-2016. Results: From 108 patients with cervical cancer stage IIA, 80 (74%) patients are stage IIA1 and the remaining the remaining 28 (26%) patients are stage IIA2. The average age of patients at stage IIA2 (47.79 years) younger than IIA1 (55.85 years) and also patient at stage IIA1 having a higher parity number which is 4 compare to stage IIA2 with the number of parity 2. The Involvement of lymph node metastasis in patients with stage IIA1 and IIA2 cervical cancer were 51 (63.75%) and 16 (57.14%) respectively. Conclusion: Metastatic factor to lymphnode in both stage have the same result. There was no difference in the proportion of lymph node metastasis occurring in both stage IIA cervical cancer stage which was corrected with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with p = 0,535. Changing staging does not seem to improve the prognosis. Keywords: cervical cancer, stage IIA, lymphnode metastatic   Tujuan:Membuktikan adanya perbedaan prognosis kanker servik stadium IIa1 dibanding stadium IIa2 berdasarkan kejadian metastasis ke kelenjar getah bening pelvik yang dilakukan histerektomi radikal. Metode: Dengan menggunakan metode potong lintang dilakukan pengambilan data  108 sampel pasien kanker serviks stadium IIA yang dilakukanpembedahanhisterektomiradikal di Departemen OnkologiGinekologi RSUP. Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Jakarta sejak tahun 2006 hingga tahun 2016. Hasil: Pasien kanker serviks stadium IIA1 sebanyak 80 (74%) pasien dan stadium IIA2 sebanyak 28 (26 %) pasien. Pada stadium IIA2 (47.79 tahun) didapatkan rata ratausiapasienlebihmudadibandingkan IIA1 (55.85 tahun). Pada stadium IIA1 jugadidapatkanjumlahparitas yang lebihtinggiyaitu 4 sedangkanpada stadium IIA2 denganjumlahparitas 2. Keterlibatan metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada pasien kanker serviks stadium IIA1 dan IIA2 berjumlah 51 (63.75%) dan 16 (57.14%) secara berurutan. Tidak terdapat perbedaan proporsi kejadian metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada kedua kelompok stadium kanker serviks pada stadium IIA dengan nilai p = 0,535. Kesimpulan: Faktor metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada kedua stadium memiliki hasil yang serupa.Tidak terdapat perbedaan proporsi kejadian metastasis kelenjar getah bening pada kedua kelompok stadium kanker serviks stadium IIA1 dan IIA2 yang ditatalaksna dengan histerektomi radikal dan limfadenektomi pelvis. Perubahan penetapan stadium sepertinya tidak memperbaiki prognosis. Kata kunci : Kanker serviks, stage IIA, kelenjar getah bening, faktor prognostik
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.872
  • Concordance of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 and 18 in Cervical and Oral
           Specimen of Cervical Cancer Patients

    • Authors: Willy Akbar, Syahrul Rauf, Deviana S. Riu, St. Maisuri T. Chalid
      Pages: 69 - 73
      Abstract: Objective : To determine the conformity of HPV type 16 and 18 in cervical and oral/buccal specimens from cervical cancer patients. Methods :A cross-sectional study was conducted in March - September 2016 at several hospitals in Makassar. HPV 16 and 18 genotyping in cervical and oral fluid of 77 patients with cervical cancer performed with PCR method. Results : The prevalence of HPV type 18 infection both in the cervical and the oral fluid was higher than HPV type 16 [9(47.4%) vs 5(26.3%)]. The aggreement of HPV type 18 infection (r=0.328;p=0.000) in the cervical-oral sites was higher than HPV type 16 (r=0.194;p=0.042). Conclusion : HPV type 16 and 18 could infect both cervix and oral cavity although type-specific concordance is low. Keywords :Human papillomavirus,servix, oral cavity   Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui tingkat kesesuaian hasil pemeriksaan HPV tipe 16 dan 18 antara spesimen serviks dan oral/buccal pada penderita kanker serviks. Metode: Penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan pada Maret – September 2016 pada beberapa rumah sakit di Makassar. Pemeriksaan HPV 16 dan 18 pada cairan serviks dan oral dari 77 orang penderita kanker serviks menggunakan teknik PCR. Hasil: Prevalensi infeksi bersama pada serviks dan oral HPV tipe 18 lebih tinggi dibandingkan HPV tipe 16 [9(47,4%) vs 5(26,3%)]. Tingkat kesesuaian antara HPV tipe 18 (r=0,328;p=0,000) pada serviks dan oral lebih tinggi dibandingkan tipe 16 (r=0,194;p=0,042). Kesimpulan: HPV tipe 16 dan 18 dapat menginfeksi serviks dan oral meskipun tingkat kesesuaian kedua tipe ini lemah. Kata kunci : Human papillomavirus, serviks, kavum oral
      PubDate: 2019-01-21
      DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i1.817
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