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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2104-3272
Published by Érudit Homepage  [151 journals]
  • Corps contemporain et espace vécu : Entre imaginaire et
           expérience

    • Abstract: Sara Bédard-Goulet : While post humanism announced the redundancy of the human body in the contemporary era, we are still concerned with it and its experience of space. In the meantime, space stretches out through improved communication and transportation, as much as it becomes narrower with the newly found finiteness of our planet. These changes of scale of our world and the importance attached to how we occupy it revive the interrogations on body and space, on their respective co-construction. The articles of this journal issue thus focus on the following question : how do the body and space relations work today, and what can we tell about the interactions that result from their arrangements ' This issue questions the forms and phenomena constitutive of the bodily imaginary, in the subject's experience of places that he occupies, that he takes over or that he is subjected to, and which allow him to develop his world. Eight articles have been collected herein to fuel the reflection on the contemporary body and lived space, through the perspective of human sciences, arts and literature.
       
  • Agencer les corps et articuler les situations : La place du corps
           équipé des militaires dans le jeu interactionnel

    • Abstract: Arthur Oldra : We propose here to interrogate the staging of the equipped body in multiple situations of interactions with other individuals. Slot into this situations of interactions, the subjects adopt and adapt a behavior, a language, gestures and movements that propose its own relation to its environment and to the world. In this way, the military aspect of the French protection and surveillance operations (Vigipirate and Sentinelle) is a particularly good example of this staging of the equipped body in public space. Indeed, the soldier’s place in the urban public space creates some situations of interactions with the passers-by. Their equipment (uniform, bulletproof vest, weapon, etc.) put them into visibility and then orientates the situations of interactions through the passers-by's body. The latter, in this way, behave themselves in harmony with their own perception of the situation. This article attempts to examine the relationship between the patrols of soldiers and the passers-by in situation, especially through the prism of games of distances and body practices.
       
  • L’espace urbain : un dispositif de la modernité '

    • Abstract: Bertrand Cochard : Since the 19th century, but especially during the 20th century, a lot of theories about urban space have emerged, recognizing the capacity of the latter to produce subjects. In other words, those theories – that one can find in the work of Le Corbusier, Lewis Mumford, Henri Lefebvre or Guy Debord – have tried to pinpoint a link between the organization of urban space and a specific type of mentality. Presenting those theories, this article aims to show that it is possible to consider the modern city itself as an apparatus, and to present the consequences of that consideration on the orientation of collective action.
       
  • Imaginer les chorégraphies technicisées présentes et à
           venir

    • Abstract: Magali Uhl and Catherine Duchesneau : The various software of the new everyday machines, such as smartphones, tablets and laptops, contribute to the writing of our daily gestures, movements and interactions, and thus produce an “incorporation” of the technique. By analyzing Julien Prévieux’s choreographic work, What Shall We Do Next ', our article seeks to address the influence of these “technological writings” of the body on the gestures and social interactions to come, as imagined by the artist.
       
  • Rendre le monde à sa mesure : Corps et perception de
           l’espace

    • Abstract: Lydie Rekow-Fond : Contemporary art accustomed to us to dread the body of the artist performer and active as work of art. This artistic body, by its presence or the deployment of actions or simple movements, registers not only the body in the space, but described it and defines it. Body and space call out to one another. How does the artist stand out in the face in front of the incommensurability of the space ' And how this body becomes the place of a privileged experiment of the space for the spectator ' To try to measure it from the scale of its own body appears to be a solution, sometimes absurd, sometimes serious. The four times of this demonstration (body standard, body play, body draws, universal body) present attitudes adopted by a selection of striking artists, from the 70s until now, which launch the challenge of Rendre le monde à sa mesure.
       
  • Vivre la transparence : La maison de verre, essor et déclin
           d'une utopie

    • Abstract: Léa Barbisan : At the beginning of the 20th century, the idea of the glass house fascinated many artists and writers of the European avant-garde. Against the background of urban densification, the ideal of a house with transparent walls questioned the value of intimacy and the attachment to the feeling of homeliness. The dream of an open space where the borders between the inside and the outside, locality and universality, the private and the public sphere would vanish, pervades the writings of Paul Scheerbart, André Breton and Walter Benjamin. First an aesthetic utopia, then a political one, the dream of the glass house eventually transformed into the nightmare of totalitarian surveillance. This article highlights the fantasies that crystallised around this unsettling utopia and explains the reasons for its decline.
       
  • Corps en captivité : Patrick Chamoiseau et J.M.G. Le Clézio

    • Abstract: Justine Feyereisen : This contribution intends to analyse textually three contemporary narratives: La Quarantaine (1995) by J.M.G. Le Clézio, Guyane: Traces-mémoires du bagne (1994; photographs by Rodolphe Hammadi) and Un dimanche au cachot (2007) by Patrick Chamoiseau. The aim is to explore the way these writers give a “poethic” (Pinson) of the captive body, witness or victim of the colonial yoke. Cell of the Maîtres-békés, Flat Island in quarantine, Guianese penal colony, what tell those concentration-camps to these “ragmen” (Benjamin) of the History' Could the scars of the colonial past be – not “objectified” (Ricœur) – but emotional and synesthesic' As oppressing as the prison is, could it turn to be liberating of self-consciousness and communalism' Which aesthetic and ethical questions the perception and figuration of a palimpsestic body raise about the indescribable of the chained human condition'
       
  • How can a place enter our skin down to the very verb of us

    • Abstract: Louise Lachapelle : From the point of view of creation, that is to say, from the point of view of what connects the diversity of what I do, there is a relationship to the living, the imaginary and the contemporary, which comes from the field experience. This performativity of creation, of dwelling and of living, brings the critical distance (negativity) closer to the necessity of imagining (creation) thus opening up a space of resistance and ethical imagination that I sometimes designate by a reciprocal expression that could be translated as The workshoped field/The workshop as field. This article takes shape from within the workshop of a small book in process and it turns its attention towards one of the terrains of proximity of this performative experience : the expropriated house that Patricia de Burgh Paré moves from Sainte-Scholastique to a Laurentian forest near a settlement village and an Indian reserve. A laboratory-house where I live and wich I have unbuilt, built, rebuilt for more than a decade. To live with this house means experiencing with my body some of the violence specific to a human culture of space in its relationship with a posture of creation. An anthropological meditation and dialogue with creation as a decisive question about life and the living.
       
  • L’ontologie du numérique : Entre mimésis et
           réalité

    • Abstract: Servanne Monjour, Marcello Vitali-Rosati and Matteo Treleani : : This issue proposes to explore the differents ontological challenges in the digital age, in an interdisciplinary perspective (welcoming philosophy, aesthetics, literary studies, semiology, sociology, communication...). From digital arts to hypermedia literature, via web documentaries and video games, many investigation can be done to explore, understand and go beyond these apparently perilous dichotomies between representation and reality, real and imaginary, fiction and documentary.
       
  • Pour une éthique de la mimesis à l'époque des
           technologies numériques

    • Abstract: Adriano Fabris : The concept of mimesis is, since ancient times, one of the concepts that shapes the structures of Western thought. The two most influential thinkers of Greek philosophy, Plato and Aristotle, gave two different readings of mimesis, relying on the intrinsic ambiguity of this concept. Through a formal analysis of this ambiguity, we propose to think about the new forms of mimesis that take place in the digital age – especially between human beings and machines –, a historical moment that, it is said, leads to the disappearance of any distinction between model and copy.
       
  • La pyramide algorithmique

    • Abstract: Pierre Lévy : The algorithmic medium is an infrastructure of communication augmenting the powers of previous media by adding the automation of symbolic operations. Its emergence in the middle of the twentieth century results from a long scientific and technological history that I summarize at the beginning of the paper. Then I recall in this article the main stages of its development (mainframes, Internet and PC, social Web, cloud augmented by artificial intelligence and the blockchain) as well as their socio-cognitive consequences. I evoke in the end the future developments of this medium, in the perspective of a reflexive collective intelligence based on a new form of semantic computation.
       
  • Epistémologie du modèle : Des Humanités syntaxiques
           '

    • Abstract: Nicolas Sauret : Humanities have always produced models in order to interpret the world. Despite this constant, the computerization of their practices, their methodologies and their concepts, introduces a new form of modelization that requires an epistemological analysis. The introduction of formal calculation on objects of study bearing no formalization questions the relevance of quantitative approaches of the Digital Humanities. This article explores the model and its mediation between the world and the scholar. The model is therefore a pretext to reiterate the dichotomy of calculable and non-calculable, of syntactic and semantics, and finally the ontological status of knowledge.
       
  • Le virtuel du numérique à l’école de la virtualité sémiotique
           : virtualisation de la culture et herméneutique matérielle

    • Abstract: Lia Kurts-Wöste : The current rise of cultural studies as a groundbreaking paradigm within the human sciences constitutes, without any doubt, an important medium of re-examination of the “virtual” in this light. To us, this epistemological framework appears, today, to be the one best suited to directly allow for the understanding that the adjective “numérique” is, in itself, neither life-saver, nor modernizer, nor creator – the cutting edge of modernity defining itself in this framework only by the outdatedness of the critical posture which brings to light certain sleeping virtualities of the history of thought, such as the paradoxical semiotic “virtuality” and “materiality” that Saussure and Cassirer left us as a legacy, mediums of understanding our new cultural realities.
       
  • Dieu n’a pas inventé le webdocumentaire : Réflexion ontologique sur la
           représentation du réel à l’écran

    • Abstract: Sophie Beauparlant : The question that underlies our thinking is the following : how does digital affect the ontological status of documentary ' In order to conceptualize the conditions of existence of the webdocumentary, this article questions the index nature of the digital interface and its impact on the interpretation of documentary content. Taking as reference the notion of degree of documentarity from Gaudreault et Marion, we seek to see how the interactive device interferes in the representation of reality on the screen.
       
  • Frictions de la fiction dans les imaginaires contemporains

    • Abstract: Renée Bourassa : The interpretative games between reality and fiction are based on a social imaginary that constitutes a society’s symbolic networks and meanings. On the one hand, literature or media stresses a contemporary mythology that comes out from conspiracy figures by perpetuating it through fiction. On the other hand, conspiracy theories and alternative beliefs proliferate in the digital environment, taking advantage of its affordances. Both perspectives carry an imaginary that can transform our perception of reality and induce concrete effects on the collective space. Can their coexistence in the same media environment call into question the values of truth and our capacity to distinguish true from false' What are the mecanisms that create fiction and beliefs' How does the social imaginary located on the boundery of fiction modify our perception of reality and our way to build the contemporary world' These are the questions this paper examines.
       
  • Chassé croisé Lavocat/Ginzburg : vers une réhabilitation du
           différentialisme

    • Abstract: Miruna Craciunescu : This article examines how the relationship between fictionality and referentiality has evolved since the beginning of the 1990s, from a double perspective which combines two disciplines that rarely cross paths: namely, historiography and the theory of literary genres. The choice to accept certain narrative techniques as inherently factual is, indeed, not neutral, since the discursive distinction between “truth” and “lies” or “fabrications” is often conceptualized within the larger theoretical frame of literary genres. I will demonstrate that this distinction no longer tends to be conceptualized following a binary model, but that it is rather thought of as “analogical”. The analogical model allows a better understanding of the hybridity of interpretative practices resulting from the frequent use of social media platforms, whose discourses frequently escape current generic classifications.
       
  • Une ontologie ou une esthétique numérique '

    • Abstract: Lucie Roy : In order to bring to light how the argentic and digital images relate to each other and what their status as images is, the author questions anew a number of arguments discussed by André Bazin (ontology) and Roland Barthes (the punctum). Roy contends that digital images have informed a new understanding of the-reality-of-images. Digital as well as argentic images, both having to do with perception and thought, can’t help being subjected to processing and transformation. Perception, thought, processing and transformation all fulfill the requirements of the-reality-of-images or make up their ontology.
       
  • Romeo Castellucci, Anne Imhof : Au-delà de la mimesis

    • Abstract: Filip Dukanic : This paper offers an analysis of two different performances: Angst II by Anne Imhof and Les Métopes du Parthénon by Romeo Castellucci, examining how equivalencies between “Theatre” and “Performance” are developed and challenged within the mimesis frame. In particular, it considers that performative theatre, as a specific validity claim of aesthetic form, can only be understood as an artistic code which reaches far beyond the limited realm of the imitation principle. I thus argue that these two performances, although based on non-mimetic logic, create internal theatrical coherence in communication with the audience.
       
  • La perception stratigraphique dans les pratiques plastiques & dansées
           de l’intensité

    • Abstract: Ariane Maugery : At the era of the new ontophanic revolution, according to the words of Stephane Vial, after more than twenty years of appropriation and immersion in the new technologies by daily use of digital interfaces, we woke up from our slumber, understanding the virtual as unreal. Far from considering the real and the virtual as outdated concepts, we argue their relevance in artistic practice of intensity. By emphasizing the presence as an active listening of the spatiality these practice process “immersion as a reenchantement of the world” relying upon a close connection to the real.
       
  • Architecture et numérique, deux ontologies solidaires : D'une
           mémoire visible à une mémoire convertie

    • Abstract: Eric de Thoisy : During the middle of the 20th century, architecture and computing science shared a common and seminal history that led to the production of uprooted spaces made for users’ learning through nomadism. A few decades later though, another type of projects seems to bring back the idea of architecture as rooted and transmitting something to the inhabitant. To fully understand what is at stake here, one may notice that the shift from architecture to computer architecture is mainly a displacement of a historical responsibility towards memory. In this process, memory leaves the realm of the visible and becomes something more of a recognizable. Then do we have to think of a new responsibility for architecture '
       
  • Des téléspectateurs géolocalisés : Traces de la réception et
           construction de l’espace à l’ère du numérique

    • Abstract: Marta Boni : Geolocation is a common gesture among TV series fans. Maps help us see differently a set of information about television reception and are also elements that contribute in complexifying the notion of space. In this article, I will analyze the place of digital mapping within a study of Twin Peaks, conceived as a cultural phenomenon.
       
  • Entre site et site, l’image photographique comme point de passage : Les
           Performances invisibles de Steve Giasson

    • Abstract: Suzanne Paquet : This article examines the reciprocity between the web and the urban public domain, both considered as public space(s) or parts of the public sphere. Invisible Performances, a series of furtive actions performed in different sites of the city by Montreal-based artist Steve Giasson, documented through images appearing and circulating on the web, is analyzed following this perspective. The scheme (dispositif) imagined by Giasson is at the same time critical, playful and meant to creating communities. This artwork demonstrates the importance of the interactions taking place at the junction of urban sites and a sociotechnical environment, activated in resonance and in extension of each other.
       
  • La littérature à la dérive numérique : De lignes, d’écriture et
           d’espaces

    • Abstract: Enrico Agostini-Marchese : Is the thousand-year opposition between reality and imagination, inaugurated by Plato, still valid in the digital age' We intend to question the Platonic positioning by paradoxically basing ourselves on the least real art according to Plato himself: literature. We will show, through a brief historical retrospective of the filiation that, from Baudelaire's flânerie through the situationist practice of the dérive, leads to contemporary digital literature on space, how this typology of literature, with its strategies of writing, its poetics and its practices, can thwart this opposition engraved in our thought.
       
  • The Writer is the Architect : Editorialization and the Production of
           Digital Space

    • Abstract: Marcello Vitali-Rosati : We live primarily in a digital space. The structure of the territory first appears to us by means of the mediation of digital devices, ones predominately owned by large multinational corporations. This situation implies a huge risk – that of remaining passive while private companies organize and develop these spaces for us. How might we avoid this risk' Is it possible, in the digital age, for us to be central to the production of the spaces in which we live' How might literature constitute a tool for the production of the spatial imaginary that enables us to reappropriate the places and territories managed by the information industry' This paper addesses these questions and attempts to show, on the basis of the theory of editorialization, how writing can be a way of producing the space in which we live.
       
  • Twitter et la philosophie

    • Abstract: Adriano Fabris : Can we philosophize Twitter ' Is 140 characters enough to cultivate a virtual community based on representative communication and the sharing of opinions ' The present article seeks to address these questions through the analysis of two studies conducted on Twitter by the author. The objective is not only to highlight Twitter’s potentialities and limits, which are already partly known, but also to confirm the possibility of philosophical investigation as it pertains to the era in which it emerges and to the tools through which it is expressed. It is a question of understanding these times and these tools, to relinquish the acquiescence of common sense and its categorizations, to exercise the right to critique, which philosophy has always upheld, particularly when faced with that which may seem inevitable. In return, it is a question of understanding what philosophy can be today, in an era of new technologies, to ask oneself what philosophizing means with regards to and through these new technologies, and especially to explain how it is possible to truly philosophize, in a just and good way.
       
  • Le choix de l’école lors de la transition primaire-secondaire par les
           parents non-migrants à Montréal : Esquisses théoriques et
           conceptuelles

    • Abstract: Justine Castonguay-Payant : This contribution aims to introduce a theoretical and conceptual framework on which focuses a PhD project. The research emphasizes on high school choices from non-migrant parents living in the Montreal area. Relying primarily on the work of Bourdieu, this project aims to identify the role of cultural capital in school choice during the primary-secondary transition.
       
  • Les structures spatiales de l’éditorialisation : Terre et mer de Carl
           Schmitt et l’espace numérique

    • Abstract: Enrico Agostini-Marchese : How to think space in a digital era ' In the wake of the « spatial turn », we propose to combine the theory of editorialization and the reflection on space by means of a confrontation with Land and Sea, by the theoretician of geopolitics Carl Schmitt.
       
  • L'offre de cours relatifs à l'adolescence dans les programmes de
           formation à l'enseignement au secondaire et en ÉPS au Québec

    • Abstract: Delphine Tremblay-Gagnon : When students enter high school, they must not only ensure their academic success but also experience many biological, social and psychological changes that greatly affect their school experience. Teachers, in their ways of interacting and teaching, directly influence their students'lives: they have to teach the subject, manage their class and achieve the Quebec's MELS goals while dealing with students' maturation. Moreover, as in any profession, a knowledge base for teaching is necessary. We therefore believe that knowledge of adolescent students is crucial for teaching practice, as the student is at the heart of education. Thus, considering the importance of this period of life and of the knowledge of the foundations of teacher education, we ask: how is knowledge about adolescence and the teenager student integrated into Quebec's teacher education program of secondary school teaching'
       
  • André Gorz, de l'existentialisme au salut par les TIC

    • Abstract: Fabrice Flipo : On the ten years anniversary of his disappearance, this article reviews the entire work of André Gorz (1923‑2007), proposing a four-part periodization: analytical existentialism (1946/1955), an attempt to rebuild socialism (1959/1969), and then to move beyond it (1973/1983) before returning to Marxism on the grounds of the Grundrisse and information technology (1983/2007). We show the consistency of a philosopher who never renounced the assessment of the emancipatory potential offered by his time. However, Gorz left out what ecology involved questioning about modernity.
       
  • Intégration de l'évaluation de l'émergence de l'écrit au
           jeu symbolique en milieu préscolaire

    • Abstract: Roxanne Drainville : Currently, the use of standardized tests in Canada and the United States is widespread in preschool education, especially for assessing early literacy skills. However, this assessment practice seems to be inappropriate when it comes to the support of young children in their learning process. According to the vygotskian approach, usual assessment practice incorporated into symbolic play would be more adequate. In literature, few empirical studies document assessment practices of early literacy integrated into symbolic play in preschool classes. Thus, this article will present the case study we will conduct in order to describe these assessment practices as currently applied by teachers. This research could have an impact on the education area by offering models to preschool teachers where early literacy assessment has been incorporated into symbolic play.
       
  • Saisir les multiples nuances de l’agir enseignant contemporain
           : recension des écrits approfondissant les apports de
           l’ethnométhodologie

    • Abstract: Joannie St-Pierre : In order to understand the complexity, dynamism and the uniqueness of each act of teaching, one must reflect the methodological possibilities. This paper will review the last nine years of work done in order to highlight the contributions of ethnomethodology to the greater understanding of the act of teaching since Garfinkel’s work has been translated in French. This review confirms the potential of this methodological approach with regards to the exploratory advantages and the capture of teaching acts in detail, both in situ and in vivo.
       
  • Picsou, quelques remarques sur la cupidité

    • Abstract: Joëlle Zask : Everybody knows about a very old but a still very lively passion greed toward money. Considered as an equivalent of the auto-erotic pleasure, it has to be distinguished from stinginess, lubricity, lust, avidity. Uncle Scrooge, this famous character who loves to dive and to wade into his huge heap of gold, is a very popular illustration of what greed is. But, one may ask, where is sympathy toward him coming from' How come the great greedy people who succeed into grabbing some huge amount of money which are neither invested nor use for consumption are so easily tolerated today' Justified for a long time as the beneficial initiation of the capitalist economy, wouldn’t greed be its more deadly accident'
       
  • Il ne suffit que de regarder : Éthique et analytique des images
           d’Auschwitz-Birkenau

    • Abstract: William Delisle : Owing to Georges Didi-Huberman’s tour and his exhibition Soulèvement (Uprising), curated by Jeu de Paume and presented across the world (Paris, Barcelona, Buenos Aires, México and Montreal), this article examines the French philosopher and art historian’s remarkable book Images malgré tout (Images despite it all) (2003, Éditions de Minuit). In a world that is so overwhelmingly saturated with images and representations, how can we look back on Auschwitz’s images and interpret them' Are they watchable' Or do they demand an unbearable emotional and intellectual labour from the viewer' How do we position ourselves when faced with the imagery of horror' This article offers a combination of Didi-Huberman’s conceptual and ethical lines of thought developed in his essay, some elements of Sigmund Freud’s ideas concerning desire and the scopic drive as well as Jacques Lacan’s comments on the gaze. Between examples of Didi-Huberman and psychoanalysis’ contribution, this article allows for an ethical product, obtained through the compromise of the image’s various elements (ontology, aesthetics, technique) and the unique, subjective gaze falling upon it; an ethic of the despite it all, an ethic of risk, based on the means to pierce through the Real, the terrible Real of concentration camps – of the deadly machine we call Auschwitz.
       
  • La Grande Transformation : L’élection présidentielle
           française de 2017

    • Abstract: Gérard Wormser : Once again, the French presidential election offers a strong surprise. If the National Front eliminates from the second round the conservative party (the Republicans), the voters have made emerge two movements constituted outside the traditional parties - En Marche! and La France insoumise, which put an end to the Socialist Party of François Mitterrand. Even before Emmanuel Macron came to power, everything indicates that public opinion will now judge the governments on their ability to make the revival of the European project the heart of a rapid social and territorial surge. Over the next few years, experiments will be carried out to meet this challenge regardless of the parliamentary majority.
       
  • Building Global Community : La tentation hégémonique de Mark
           Zuckerberg et de Facebook

    • Abstract: Gérard Wormser : It is ironic that the Facebook has become both a NASDAQ-listed company at a highly speculative price and a quasi-public service in over a decade. Furthermore, each user allows the company to operate online to boost its advertising offering and become highly profitable. The ecosystem of Facebook represents an aspect of cognitive capitalism that has become more powerful than states. The current issue is whether Facebook will be able to manage its global responsibilities using its unique position to articulate a coherent way of thinking in the twenty-first century. This is what is at stake in the text recently released by Mark Zuckerberg, Building Global Community. Our initial contribution sheds light on the intentions expressed by the founder of Facebook at the beginning of 2017.
       
  • « Avec l'espace, il y a le trou. Il y eut le trou » : Deuil et
           habiter dans L'Occupation des sols de Jean Echenoz

    • Abstract: Sara Bédard-Goulet and Frédéric Vinot : The novel L'Occupation des sols (1988) by Jean Echenoz presents characters that interact with and move into places is a way closely linked to the mourning they are going through. In this paper, we wish to show that this narrative meets Lacan's considerations on the language habitat and take it further through postmodern narrative aesthetics. It presents a spatialization of mourning that stresses the role of lack and image in the way we inhabit the world, made evident by a gap/filled dynamic which indicates the unspoken of the text. The pervasiveness of the maternal image, materialized as an advertisement showing the deceased mother, seems to reveal a feminine reminescent of the need for a desiring Other in the inhabiting process. The ironic superposition of the feminine and the maternal image, by playing with representation, allows both pleasure in and distance from a common trope that associates the maternal with the built environment, which gets its enveloping quality from the initial situation of the human in the womb. Yet, the maternal image, pierced by a window, makes inhabiting possible for the characters, although lightly, and to progress in their mourning.
       
  • Vers une meilleure compréhension de la résistance au changement des
           directeurs d'école

    • Abstract: Maude Loi Zedda, Stéphane Thibodeau and Pascal Forget : This article provides the statement of the problem, the theoretical framework and the methodology of a research project. This project focused on personal characteristic's (leadership, self-efficacy and professional loneliness) that influence the resistance to change of school principals. The theoretical framework is based on Oreg's resistance to change theory (2003), Bass's leadership theory (1990), Bandura's self-efficacy theory (2007) and Peplau and Perlman's loneliness theory (1982). This research seeks to identify the relationships between the leadership, the self-efficacy, the professional loneliness of school principals and resistance to change.
       
  • Engagement radical, extrême ou violent : Basculement ou
           "continuation de soi '"

    • Abstract: Caroline Guibet Lafaye : Political violence has previously been understood, by media and by politics, as a result of a subjective "swing". Social sciences view this commitment as "high risk activism". To test the validity of this interpretation, we carried out a sociological survey centered on the French extreme left wing. Based on these interviews, we propose a conception of radical commitment characterized by two properties: firstly, the fact of being an integral part of a life course, and secondly the fact of acting out one's personal convictions and being driven by a moral duty. Therefore we propose a critic of the "swing" interpretation and show that, for the extreme left wing, the crucial point is an irreversible awareness which, nevertheless, is part and parcel of the continuity of a biographical trajectory. These two properties suggest a new characterisation of radical commitment as regards that proposed by Doug McAdam (1986), in terms of "high risk" and "high cost", still referred to currently (Sommier, 2012).
       
  • Réflexions sur Sartre et les chemins de la littérature : À propos des
           « Carnets de la drôle de guerre »

    • Abstract: Roberto Gac : Le rayonnement de la pensée de Sartre était déjà planétaire au milieu du 20e siècle et atteignait des pays aussi lointains de l'Europe que le Chili, à une époque ou les moyens de communication et les transports étaient encore précaires en comparaison à ce qu'ils sont devenus aujourd'hui. Cet essai, qui s’appuie surtout sur la pensée littéraire de celui qui est considéré en Amérique latine comme le plus grand penseur français contemporain, témoigne de l'influence sartrienne et de son résultat, parfois antithétique, dans Les Phases de la Guérison, œuvre qui débute et se développe grâce à des ouvrages qui vont de La Nausée jusqu'à L'Idiot de la famille, passant par les Carnets de Guerre, Les Chemins de la Liberté, L’Être et le Néant, Réflexions sur la question juive, etc. L'existentialisme n'est peut-être plus "à la mode", mais l'exemple de Sartre et de sa quête de liberté et d’authenticité est parfaitement vivant et plus nécessaire que jamais.
       
  • Facebook et la crise des élites

    • Abstract: Gérard Wormser : Tocqueville was right : America would be ruled by the public opinion. Facebook connects anybody to his/her friends & relatives, but social networks strengthen the fencing of society. If thousands circulate polemics, the audience will become more frightened and aggressive. Trump's victory reveals an editorialization factor which had been covered by the Facebook's owners & users euphory. Lacking an appropriate framing for a democratic conversation, the social grouping is a caricature for social life. Facebook is just beginning to act. To avoid becoming Fakebook, the company must adjust the freedom of expression to professional editorial processes and a stimulation of civic initiatives, as well as assuming an accountability which was previously out of its scope.
       
  • Heidegger et la Russie : De la révolution conservatrice à
           la Seconde Guerre mondiale

    • Abstract: Emmanuel Faye : Martin Heidegger was profoundly marked by his reading of Fyodor Dostoevsky's "Political Writings", which he read in the edition by Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky and Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, the latter being the main instigator of the Conservative German Revolution. From these writings Heidegger retained the notion of homeland (Heimat) and derived a racial conception of Germanity and Russianity that found positive expression in his Black Notebooks of 1939-41, coeval with the German-Soviet Pact. But this does not mean that Heidegger favored Russia on all points. Indeed, Heidegger's successive statements on Russia show, with all the ambivalence characterizing the Hitlerian and Nazi vision of the world in this respect, that Russia remained for him an adversary whose strength he measured vis-a-vis the Germans, whom considered the only truly historical and metaphysical people.
       
  • Progressistes de tous les pays, unissez-vous !

    • Abstract: Niels Planel : L’« Internationale nationaliste » veut instituer un ordre mondial fondé sur la puissance plutôt que sur les valeurs, gage d’un futur instable. Pourtant, elle ne parviendra sans doute pas à remettre en cause la mondialisation du fait d’une interdépendance déjà bien profonde qui structure le globe. Mais le camp du progrès doit pour sa part comprendre que son combat face aux conservateurs ne se joue plus à l’échelle de la nation mais du monde, et agir en conséquence.
       
  • L’(in)cohérence identitaire : Nelly Arcan, Kathy Acker

    • Abstract: Léonore Brassard : Nelly Arcan and Kathy Acker, two major writers of their own literary community — present day’s Quebec for one, eighties’ american punk scene for the other — share, in addition to many similar thematics, a reflexion on identity, and more specifically on gender identity, such as it is created by the language. If both are postulating an « I » made by the discourse, each one shows a quite singular way to translate it in words. This essay is an interrogation on the construction of a fluid and always reinterpreted identity in Kathy Acker’s work, comparing it to a fixed identity, stuck in the coherence of its own discourses, as it can be found in the writings of Nelly Arcan. How can we think the relation to « I » in the texts of each author, who are both staging characters emptied and paradoxically saturated by the language'
       
  • Terrorisme : de Nice à Edmonton, la faute au camion '

    • Abstract: François Rastier : Les attentats revendiqués par des formations islamistes n’ont pas manqué d’attirer la réflexion de philosophes importants comme Judith Butler et Jean-Luc Nancy. Leurs réactions toutefois ne favorisent pas la compréhension dans la mesure où la philosophie de la déconstruction et la tradition postcoloniale laissent ouvertes des ambiguïtés sur la qualification des crimes et le statut des victimes.
       
  • « La violence n'est pas un concept » : Entretien avec Gérard
           Chaliand

    • Abstract: Adrien Jahier : Gérard Chaliand, geopolitical strategist, explains the reasons that led, on one hand, to western failures in irregular wars and, on the other hand, to the current collapse of the Islamic State. He also criticizes the inconsistencies of American and French foreign policy, as well as the relationship of the West with violence. This interview, conducted on April 26, 2017, is an opportunity to retrace Gérard Chaliand's atypical path. Born in 1934, the French geopolitical strategist has travelled the globe and its major conflicts by being an observer-participant: from Guinea-Bissau to North Vietnam, he has also spent a lot of time in the Middle East, traveling regularly in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. Beyond the figure of the geopolitologist "adventurer", he is also a poet, who finds refuge in writing in order to deal with the atrocity of conflict. For Gérard Chaliand, violence is not a concept, but above all a field experience, necessarily hard.
       
  • Essai sur le temps à l’état pur / L’œil cinématographique de
           Proust, de Thomas Carrier-Lafleur

    • Abstract: Cédric Kayser : Proust était-il cinéaste à son insu ' L’invasion de la pensée par l’audiovisuel peut-elle nous éclairer sur l’unité esthétique de la Recherche ' Reprenant certains des thèmes abordés par les grands penseurs de l’image en mouvement, l’enquête de Thomas Carrier-Lafleur se présente à la manière d’une sérigraphie, interrogeant le récit proustien par l’intermédiaire des données immédiates de la conscience. Si, historiquement, tout laisse à penser que le cinématographe représentait pour Proust un moyen inexact pour rendre compte de la réalité, la fiction d’un Proust cinéaste nous procure de rares éclaircissements sur son traitement du temps à l’état pur.
       
  • Hermeneutica, une expérience numérique de l’interprétation /
           Hermeneutica. Computer-assisted interpretation in the humanities, de
           Geoffrey Rockwell et Stéfan Sinclair

    • Abstract: Ariane Mayer : Avec Hermeneutica. Computer-assisted interpretation in the humanities (MIT Press, 2016), Geoffrey Rockwell et Stéfan Sinclair s’interrogent sur les transformations de l’interprétation de textes dans le milieu numérique. En particulier, au travers d’une méthodologie hybride faisant dialoguer réflexions et exemples, théorie et pratique de l’interprétation, ils réfléchissent à ce que les outils d’analyse textuelle assistée par ordinateur révèlent et infléchissent dans l’activité herméneutique. Au cœur de l’essai se trouve l’outil Voyant, espace numérique de quantification et de visualisation textuelle développé par les coauteurs, qui leur sert de matériau pour aborder les mutations contemporaines de la lecture dans les sciences humaines.
       
  • ¿Cómo definir el marxismo'

    • Abstract: Jean-Jacques Cadet : Esta lectura examina la definición de marxismo propuesta por Alain Badiou. El objetivo es estudiar el lugar de esta teoría en su sistema filosófico, y la manera en que la diferencia del comunismo. Al definir el marxismo como un pensamiento, Alain Badiou nos ofrece una delimitación conceptual en donde la interdisciplinariedad resulta central.
       
 
 
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