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Refuge : Canada's Journal on Refugees / Revue canadienne sur les réfugiés
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0229-5113 - ISSN (Online) 1920-7336
Published by Érudit Homepage  [151 journals]
  • La « crise migratoire » de 2015/16 en Europe :
           interprétation géohistorique

    • Abstract: Étienne Piguet : This article analyzes the increase in the number of asylum claims submitted either in-country or at the border of Western democracies and the resulting 2015–2016 “migrant crisis.” Although the proliferation of outbreaks of violence near Europe has played a central role, three long-standing geographical trends must also be taken into account when considering this issue: the shrinking of geographical distance, the detention policy crisis and geographically asymmetrical rights. These trends mean that the reaction of closing borders can be interpreted as an attempt to keep refugees at a distance once again, against a background of globalization. The analysis finishes with a geohistorical approach to recent literature on the “migrant crisis,” focusing on the role of populist parties, the fear of terrorism, and the dysfunctionality of solidarity mechanisms.
       
  • Borders, Boundaries, and Exclusion in the Icelandic Asylum System

    • Abstract: Helga Katrín Tryggvadóttir and Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir : Grounded in theories of borders and boundaries, this article critically engages with the processes through which asylum seekers in Iceland are excluded from full participation in society. Immigration laws and bureaucratic barriers contribute to this exclusion, which is a result of restrictions on labour market participation, lack of housing, temporality, and lack of meaningful activities. We discuss how borders and boundaries create the identity of the asylum seeker and how the participants in this study experience that identity. We identify three main areas of exclusion: social exclusion, isolation, and cultural boundaries.
       
  • The Development of the Asylum Law and Refugee Protection Regimes in
           Portugal, 1975–2017

    • Abstract: Lúcio Sousa and Paulo M. Costa : This article examines the development of the legislation on asylum law and refugee policies in Portugal. The assessment begins in 1975, the year when democracy was re-established in the country, following the 1974 Carnation Revolution, and ends in 2015, the year the European asylum crisis started. We want to discuss whether, during this period, the policies established indicate an open regime, with an integrationist perspective, or whether they proclaim a closed regime with an exclusivist position; in other words, whether the asylum system promoted an active policy of receiving and integrating refugees, or whether the policies pursued intended to limit the access of refugees to the borders of the state. In order to understand these developments, we analyze asylum application figures and asylum laws, trying to understand the main circumstantial contexts that influence them, namely Portugal’s integration in the European Union.
       
  • Competing Motivations in Germany’s Higher Education Response to the
           “Refugee Crisis”

    • Abstract: Bernhard Streitwieser and Lukas Brück : In 2015–16 Germany was confronted with over 1 million new refugees, which challenged public and private institutions alike and increasingly divided public sentiments. This article investigates the cultural, political, and economic dynamics as they were in Germany in 2015–16 and in particular how its higher education sector responded. The discussion covers a comprehensive review of media debates, public and private institutional research, new German- and English-language scholarship, and case studies the authors collected of fiffeen universities. The article ends with recommendations as German universities prepare for 30,000–50,000 refugees eligible for study in the coming years.
       
  • “We” the Refugees: Reflections on Refugee Labels and
           Identities

    • Abstract: Yanery Navarro Vigil and Catherine Baillie Abidi : In this article the authors present an auto-ethnographical analysis, describing their personal experiences with forced migration. Using narrative passages, the authors problematize the way in which refugee identities are entwined with socially constructed labels. The authors explore the points at which self-identifcation negotiates with labelling in order to create new spaces wherein individual and collective refugee experiences mutually shape and transform each other. These new spaces emerge from an inclusive participatory socio-cultural and political process where the idea of “us” and “them” merges into a “we.” This article represents the culmination of the authors’ sustained interactions (in conversation, in storytelling, in shared analyses, in writing) and serves as an example of putting a new space into action.
       
  • In the Name of Humanitarianism: The Interim Federal Health Program and the
           Irregularization of Refugee Claimants

    • Abstract: Laura Connoy : Since 1957 Canada’s Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) has provided health-care coverage to refugee populations. However, from June 2012 to April 2016 the program was drastically revised in ways that restricted or denied access to health-care coverage, specifically to refugee claimants—persons who have fed their country and made an asylum claim in another country. One of the main intentions of the revision was to protect the integrity of Canada’s humanitarian refugee determination system. However, this had a major unintended consequence: within everyday healthcare places like walk-in clinics, doctor’s offices, and hospitals, IFHP recipients were denied access to services, regardless of actual levels of coverage. In this article I analyze how these program restrictions were experienced within Toronto’s everyday health-care places through the concept of irregularization. I discuss how the IFHP, as a humanitarian health-care program, problematizes the presence of refugee claimants in ways that created experiences of vulnerability, insecurity, and anxiety. Building on this view, I conclude with a discussion of how activists who sought to draw attention to the experiences of refugee claimants in the aftermath of the IFHP revisions closed of truly transformative pathways toward social justice.
       
  • Temporary Protection Regimes and Refugees: What Works' Comparing the
           Kuwaiti, Bosnian, and Syrian Refugee Protection Regimes

    • Abstract: Jinan Bastaki : Many states have responded to mass influxes of refugees fleeing generalized violence and war by setting up ad hoc and/or temporary protection regimes. These regimes have had various degrees of success, depending particularly on the length of stay of the refugees. This article will compare the approach of states to three separate refugee influxes—Kuwaiti refugees in the Gulf, Bosnian refugees in Germany, and Syrian refugees in Turkey—and will argue that efforts to harmonize temporary protection measures are desirable, but given that these situations tend to be prolonged, there must be greater responsibility sharing between states, in order to lead to greater integration of refugees in the host states.
       
  • Stories for Asylum: Narrative and Credibility in the United States’
           Political Asylum Application

    • Abstract: Madeline Holland : This article examines the narrative demands placed on asylum seekers to the United States. Engaging with scholars from the felds of narratology and literature, this article argues that “telling a story” is an implicit requirement of the asylum application process to the United States, and that the stories of asylum seekers are evaluated for their truthfulness on the basis of criteria that align with literary standards of veracity. The article examines the implications of bringing these literary standards of veracity to bear on asylum seekers’ stories, and explores the ways in which a “true” story told by an asylum seeker may fail to be recognized as such.
       
  • “A Legacy of Confusion”: An Exploratory Study of Service Provision
           under the Reinstated Interim Federal Health Program

    • Abstract: Y.Y. Brandon Chen, Vanessa Gruben and Jamie Chai Yun Liew : Afer years of cuts, Canada’s refugee health-care program, the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP), was fully restored in 2016. In this exploratory study, eleven semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with refugee service providers in the City of Ottawa to learn about their experience with the restored IFHP to date. Five themes emerged from the interviews: service provision challenges during the years of IFHP cuts; support for IFHP restoration; entitlement gaps in the current IFHP; ongoing confusion about the IFHP; and administrative barriers deterring health professionals from IFHP participation. More research is needed to determine whether the identifed challenges with the reinstated IFHP arise on a national scale.
       
  • “We Can’t Paint Them with One Brush”: Creating Opportunities for
           Learning about Refugee Integration

    • Abstract: Michelle Lam : This article presents the process of creation and initial outcomes of a pedagogical tool called Refugee Journeys: Identity, Intersectionality and Integration, which allows players the opportunity to experience settlement and integration from the identity of a refugee. The purpose of the tool is to educate players about the need for intersectional approaches to refugee service provision, to foster a sense of admiration and respect for refugees’ experiences, and to interact with public policies from the perspective of the least privileged. Outcomes involve recognitions that individual identities affect integration experiences and meaningful discussions about refugee integration, identity, and discrimination.
       
  • Examining the Intersection of Race, Gender, Class, and Age on
           Post-Secondary Education and Career Trajectories of Refugees

    • Abstract: Jaswant Kaur Bajwa, Mulugeta Abai, Sean Kidd, Sidonia Couto, Aytak Akbari-Dibavar and Kwame McKenzie : This study examines the role of demographics on education and career trajectories of refugees’ in Canada from an intersectional perspective. It implemented a 14-week unique educational program that was completed by a total of 41 refugees’, over two cohorts with the goal to overcome barriers, bridge gaps and facilitate their transition into higher education. The data collected using semi-structured interview guide was analyzed using a constant comparative method. The findings suggest that a supportive educational model that promotes safety, sense of belonging and empowerment are critical to combat the structural racism, sexism and other discriminatory factors in accessing higher education.
       
  • Refuser d’être désignées. Des identités imposées, négociées et
           revendiquées

    • Abstract: Roxane Caron, Dominique Damant and Catherine Flynn : This article focuses on the personal identities of a group of “Palestinian refugee” women. Here the quotation marks are very important since this article, based on an intersectional analysis, reveals how the spectrum of these women’s identities ranges from identities imposed upon them to others that they negotiate or claim fervently. This article highlights this complexity that is punctuated by various “vectors of power” related to law, politics, religion, and the nation.
       
  • Decade of Despair: The Contested Rebuilding of the Nahr al-Bared Refugee
           Camp, Lebanon, 2007–2017

    • Abstract: Are John Knudsen : In mid-2007 the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp near Tripoli was destroyed by the Lebanese Army battling an insurgent Islamist group, Fatah al-Islam. Displacing about 30,000 Palestinian refugees, it was one of the largest internal battles in post–civil war Lebanon. A decade later, the camp has yet to be fully rebuilt; indeed, reconstruction has been slow, confictual, and underfunded. Rebuilding the camp has been contested and delayed by political opposition, funding shortfalls, and complex ownership of land and property. About half of the displaced families have been able to return, the remainder are internally displaced, living temporarily in other camps or rented apartments. This article analyzes the slow-paced reconstruction of the Nahr al-Bared camp and especially what can be learnt from rehousing refugees in a militarized space of exception.
       
  • Refuge Lost: Asylum Law in an Interdependent World, by Daniel Ghezelbash

    • Abstract: Pierre-André Thériault
       
  • Belonging and Transnational Refugee Settlement: Unsettling the Everyday
           and the Extraordinary, by Jay Marlowe

    • Abstract: Georgina Ramsay
       
  • Elusive Jannah: The Somali Diaspora and Borderless Muslim Identity, by
           Cawo M. Abdi

    • Abstract: Rutendo Hadebe
       
  • Gender, Violence, Refugees, by Susanne Buckley-Zistel and Ulrike Krause
           (Eds.)

    • Abstract: M. Gabriela Torres
       
  • Children of the Camp: The Lives of Somali Youth Raised in Kakuma Refugee
           Camp, Kenya, by Catherine-Lune Grayson

    • Abstract: Anna L. Jacobsen
       
  • Afer the Flight: The Dynamics of Refugee Settlement and Integration, by
           Morgan Poteet and Shiva Nourpanah (Eds.)

    • Abstract: Julia Morris
       
  • Asylum after Empire: Colonial Legacies in the Politics of Asylum Seeking,
           by Lucy Mayblin

    • Abstract: Estella Carpi
       
 
 
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