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Journal of ICSAR
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2548-8619 - ISSN (Online) 2548-8600
Published by Universitas Negeri Malang Homepage  [35 journals]
  • The Effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication
           Application Implementation in Improving Student with Autism Verbal

    • Authors: Nurul Aina Nazri, Aliza Alias
      Pages: 95 - 99
      Abstract: Augmentative and Alternative Communication is widely used in the educational context as a learning aid for improving verbal communication among students.  The aims of this research are to study the effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication implementation in improving students with autism verbal communication. This research was conducted at one of the primary school in Machang, Kelantan. 2 students with autism participate in this study as a respondent and divided into treatment group and controlled group. Pre and post-tests were conducted to collect and analyze data. Finding in this research shows there was a significant difference between the pre and post-test score in the treatment group when Augmentative and Alternative Communication application was implemented in the intervention.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p095
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • A Comparative Study on Regular Students’ Sensitivity at the Inclusive
           Education of Junior High School and Senior High School in Surakarta

    • Authors: Arozi Setiawan, Abdul Salim, Sunardi Sunardi
      Pages: 100 - 104
      Abstract: Sensitivity is an ability to understanding an individual which is implemented into knowledge, attitude, and behavior. This study is aimed to know the level of regular students’ sensitivity at the inclusive education in the level education of Junior High School and Senior High School. The subjects of this research are the students of Junior High School and Senior High School, each of them is 45 students. The technique of collecting the data uses questionnaire. The technique of analyzing the data uses the normality test, homogeneity test, and independent t-test. The result of this research shows that the distribution of the data is normal, homogeny and the average of sensitivity value’s regular students at the level of Junior High Schoo is 127.98, while the average of sensitivity value’s regular students at the level of Senior High School is 133.89. Based on the result, it can be concluded that regular students’ sensitivity toward the children with special needs at the Senior High School is higher than Junior High School.
      PubDate: 2018-07-12
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p100
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Effectiveness of Brain Gym and Brain Training Intervention on Working
           Memory Performance of Student with Learning Disability

    • Authors: Bungawali Abduh, Mohd Mokhtar Tahar
      Pages: 105 - 111
      Abstract: Learning disability is commonly associated with a weak working memory function of a student that impacts his or her performance in school. This study aims to identify the effective approaches that could enhance the working memory function of students with learning disability. This quasi-experimental study involved three group of five students that were allocated into control group, Brain Gym, and Brain Training intervention group. The Brain Gym intervention group performed Brain Gym ® Superspace exercise on a daily basis for four weeks during the first school session. Meanwhile, Brain Training intervention was carried out by another intervention groups on a daily basis for four weeks. They were allocated with 5-minutes Brain Training game for each person in a group during free time at school. Data for the working memory function that were collected during pre- and post-test using three instruments: (1) Digit Span  Memory Test; (2) Spatial Memory Test; and (3) Picture Identification Test.  Two non-parametric test was used to interpret the data: (1) Spearman Rank Order Correlation to determine the relationship of the three groups on the pre- and post-test and Wilcoxon Pair Signed Rank Test to measure the difference between pre- and post-test scores for the control group, two intervention groups, and three working memory component. The findings of the study show a significant increment of the working memory function for both intervention groups. The finding also shows a significant increment for Digit Span Memory and Spatial Memory skills among participants in the intervention group. This study provides alternative to parents, teachers and school administration to provide appropriate learning stimulus that could fulfill the needs of students in school and at home.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p105
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The In-deep Study Problems Organizers Inclusive Education of Medium School
           in Learning Science in Padang

    • Authors: Festiyed Festiyed, Mega Iswari
      Pages: 112 - 119
      Abstract: This study aims to identify where the occurrence of bottlenecks in the science learning process of secondary school inclusive education providers for children with special needs (ABK), through deep study. Informants in this research are teachers who are involved in science learning in schools implementing inclusive education in Padang city. Data were collected by interview, observation and questionnaire method as the main method. Assistive methods in the form of documentation. Qualitative data analysis through 4 paths is data collection, data reduction, data display, draw a conclusion. The result of initial research of 102 schools SMA / MA / SMK in Padang city there are problems of interaction of six components of education process (curriculum, educator, learner, facilities and infrastructure, technology and learning media, assessment system). From 102 schools and there are 4 schools conducting inclusive education with 56 students spread in SMK Negeri 4 as many as 18 people, SMK Negeri 6 as many as 27 people, SMK Negeri 7 as many as 8 people, SMK Negeri 8 as many as 3 people. based on the problem which related to teachers, students, schools, communities, and government experienced problems in the implementation of inclusive education because ABK difficulty varies according to their needs. Science learning for ABK has not done well according to the needs, characteristics, and limits of ability possessed by children with special needs. The guidance model, not yet focused on non-adaptive behavior or deviant behavior before they conduct activities of individual learning activities program.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p112
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Roadmap for UN 2030 Education Agenda for Learners with Special Educational
           Needs of Department of Education, Pangasinan Division II, Philippines

    • Authors: Donato Balderas, Marites Tabuga, Jupiter Lopez Petilla
      Pages: 120 - 128
      Abstract: The UN 2030 Education Agenda is a global platform directed towards creating opportunities for learners with special educational needs (LSENs) for their holistic development and eventual mainstreaming in the society. The schools being the catalysts of societal transformation are focal points for the provision of instruction and intervention that emphasize inclusion, equity and gender equality among learners. Policies, programs, activities as well teachers’ training and orientation must be crafted to address the proper mainstreaming and placement of LSENs that will prepare them for self-independence and enhancement of their skills while ensuring that incidents of gender bias and bullying is eliminated, thus creating a wholesome learning environment. The objectives of this paper are mainly focused on the following areas; emphasis on the level of awareness of the goals of UN 2030 Education Agenda; assess the level of effectiveness of initiatives and activities for implementation; point out the severity of the problems that hinder implementation. A plan of action reflected as the roadmap in order to attain the UN 2030 Education Agenda was conceptualized. Descriptive-analytical method of research was employed with survey-questionnaire as its data-gathering instrument. Respondents were teachers and stakeholders of the eleven (11) special education centers of DepEd Division of Pangasinan II. From the data gathered, it was concluded that respondents have a very high awareness of the goals of UN 2030 education agenda, the initiatives and activities to be undertaken were perceived very much effective while the problems were moderately severe. The findings indicated that principals should keep track of the activities being implemented to ensure alignment with the set of goals, stakeholders must work collaboratively to intensify the implementation of the activities and that applicable solution must be thought of to minimize the problems encountered. Hence, principals in unison with the teachers and stakeholders must religiously implement the plan of action to ensure achievement of the goals on providing inclusive, equitable and gender equality education for learners with special educational needs of DepEd, Pangasinan Division II, Philippines
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p120
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Improving the Interpersonal Intelligence of the Students with Intellectual
           Disability through the BCCT Approach

    • Authors: Yuana Maulidia, Sopingi Sopingi, Usep Kustiawan
      Pages: 129 - 133
      Abstract: Children with intellectual disability have a slow social development. Such as the interpersonal aspects of intelligence. The learning approach that can be used is Beyond Centers And Circle Time (BCCT) approach. The purpose is to describe interpersonal intelligence before and after being given the treatment as well as analyze the effect of the approach Beyond Centers And Circle Time approach interpersonal intelligence intellectual disability. The method used was Quasi-Experiment with Time Series Design and analysis with Wilcoxon test hypothesis. Based on the data analysis, It can be concluded that the BCCT approach effect significantly for the interpersonal intelligence of the students with intellectual disability.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p129
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Analysis of Problems Causing the Inhibitors of Deaf’s Work in
           the Company

    • Authors: Prima Dea Pangestu, Imas Diana Aprilia
      Pages: 134 - 138
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to find out the description of problems causing the inhibitors of deaf’s work. This research uses the qualitative approach with descriptive method. The technique of collecting data in this research is through interview, observation and documentation study. Data analysis techniques used are through data reduction, data presentation or display data and conclusion (conclusion) and verification. From the results of the study, researcher found that there are problems for deaf in work, especially in the company due to some things that have not matured, such as the competence of the deaf, adaptation of corporate environments that are still difficult for the deaf, the inability of the company to provide services for deaf employees, and mental preparation for the deaf that is still not done in school. The conclusion of this study is, there are still many problems causing the inhibitors of deaf’s work in the company.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p134
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effectiveness of Behavioral-Developmental Approach Intervention to
           Enhancing Verbal and Performance Cognitive Ability on Children with Autism
           Spectrum Disorders

    • Authors: Ernie Chairuni Siregar, Sunaryo Kartadinata, Zaenal Alimin, Yoga Budhi Santoso
      Pages: 139 - 141
      Abstract: The purpose of this research  to discover the result of an intervention using behavioral- developmental approach to verbal and performance cognitive ability of children with autism spectrum disorders. This study employed a within-group experiment using a single-subject A/B design. The intervention was given to two children  under the age of four by combining learning activities whose curriculum was very well structured with play activities that could stimulate him to interact with others in a more natural setting. The intervention program was given by an educator and parents for 40 hours/ a week in twelve months. The results of the study revealed the behavioral-developmental approach is effective in improving both verbal and performance cognitive ability. this research  are expected to become an alternative intervention  to improve cognitive ability  in children with autism spectrum disorders.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p139
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Implementation of Inclusive Education in Indonesia for Children with
           Special Needs: Expectation and Reality

    • Authors: Mohammad Efendi
      Pages: 142 - 147
      Abstract: Government efforts to legitimize the implementation of inclusive education for children with special needs in regular schools ranging from primary education to secondary education, the more opportunities to expand opportunities for children with special needs in order to obtain quality education services. However, good policy is not balanced with the readiness of the recommended schools to provide adequate learning facilities and resource support. As a result, there is an indication that the special needs of children’s education in inclusive schools have not received appropriate educational services based on their needs.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p142
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Effectiveness of Straight Line Walk Application Used on
           Straight-Walking Skills for Blind Students

    • Authors: Dina Istiqomah Rahayu, Sunardi Sunardi
      Pages: 148 - 152
      Abstract: Some studies explore the needs and problems in navigating on the blind person, the ability to walk in a straight line and avoid the tendency to veer. Difficulties that often occur from the tendency to turn is that when traveling straight on the road or open area where environmental information is not good enough to be considered a clue for the visually impaired to help them in maintaining a straight line route. The development of aids for the visually impaired in this era is growing rapidly, both tools to help navigate using global internet-based positioning system and tools to train straight walking using a compass-based system like straight line walks. The purpose of this research is to see the effectiveness of the straight line walk application for visually impaired students walking skills. This research is based on the absence of special attention from the school with the veering phenomenon that occurs in blind students, and its effect which endangers students (such as tripping, crashing into trees, and even walking towards the middle of the highway). This research used the experimental approach with SSR A-B design method. The results showed a decrease in turning distance on the three subjects after being given intervention by using the straight line walk application. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the training program using the straight line walk application can improve the skills of walking straight on blind students.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p148
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Effectiveness of Course Review Horay Method on Social Sciences
           Learning Achievement of Visually Impaired Students

    • Authors: Hermawan Hermawan, Kresna Hertantio Putro, Sugini Sugini
      Pages: 153 - 157
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Course Review Horay (CRH) method of the social sciences learning achievement of 5th-grade students with visual impairment of SLB A YKAB Surakarta. This research is an experimental research of pre-experimental type research in the form of one group pretest-posttest design. The population in this study are 4 5th grade students of visual impairment in SLB A YKAB Surakarta. Data were analyzed by using non-parametric analysis Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test). The results showed that the average value before using CRH method was 10, while the mean value after using the CRH method was 40. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the Course Review Horay method is effective to improve the social sciences learning achievement 5th-grade students with visual impairment SLB A YKAB Surakarta.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p153
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Improving Ability of Detecting Object Distance Through U-Qorselin Tools on
           Person with Visually Impaired

    • Authors: Marlina Marlina, Siti Qoniah
      Pages: 158 - 162
      Abstract: This article discusses the improvement of the ability of the person of visually impaired in detecting object distance through the use of U-Qoserlin tools. This research used R & D method and continued with experiment. The subject of development experts consists of electrical engineering experts, orientation and mobility experts, and educational experts. The subject of the experiment consisted of five (5) the person of the visually impaired. The results of the study show that (1) U-Qoserlin tools are practical, feasible, useful and provide technological insights for the person of visually impaired; (2) the results of the data with the Mann Whitney test obtained the results of the smallest Uhit value is 9, and Utab at a significant level of 95% and α = 0.05 for n = 6 that is 5. Thus, U-Qoserlin tool effective in improving the ability to detect solid object spacing for the person of visually impaired. The implications of this study are that there should be a test of the effectiveness of U-Qoserlin on the number of the person of visually impaired more
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p158
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Family Counseling Program for Parents Who Have Autistic Children

    • Authors: Nurhastuti Nurhastuti, Fatmawati Fatmawati
      Pages: 163 - 166
      Abstract: The unpreparedness of parents in taking care of the interests of children with autism will make children continue backward and not ready for the future. In such conditions, it is necessary to support for parents in caring for children with autism. This study was conducted aiming to provide support to parents of children with autism so that the problems arising from the existence of an autistic child can be minimized or even eliminated together. In addition, this research can also be used as a reference for parents who have children with autism in an effort to maintenance and cure children with autism. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. Qualitative research is considered more appropriate to determine the family counseling program for parents who have children with autism in the Autism Institute YPPA Padang. The approach used in this study is deemed appropriate for understanding and motivating parents of children with autism with all complexity as subjective beings.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p163
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Effect of Mingle Model to Improve Reading Skills for Students with
           Dyslexia in Primary School

    • Authors: Irdamurni Irdamurni, Kasiyati Kasiyati, Zulmiyetri Zulmiyetri, Johandri Taufan
      Pages: 167 - 170
      Abstract: Dyslexia is a cognitive process failure in acquiring information when reading. Children normally have been able to read at the age of 6 or 7 while children with dyslexia might still struggle with reading even when they reach 12. This research was conducted by mingle model in order to improve reading skills for dyslexic students in primary grades. The subjects selected were 23 students with dyslexia in primary grades. The research used purposive sampling and the data collected by conducting the reading test to the students. Descriptive analysis was performed as the method and intervention technique employed was mingle model. The research was carried out continually in seven days. The assessment presented in pre-intervention and post-intervention (47% and 71% respectively) showed improvement in the average value in reading skills. Findings showed that mingle model had significantly improved dyslexic students’ reading skills in primary grades.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p167
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Life Skills Education for People with Disabilities at Blind Orphanage
           “Tuah Sakato” West Sumatra Indonesia

    • Authors: Jendriadi Jendriadi, Warlan Sukandar, Rona Rossa
      Pages: 171 - 174
      Abstract: This research was done because there is still the wrong assumption in the society that it will be ashamed if one of the family members has suffered from a disability. Even, they do not ready to receive him. One of the disabilities cases is blind. It is indicated by not being able to see either totally or partially. The blind people are caused by the different background. Some suffer are congenital birth, this blindness occurred since they were born. Then, The others happened when they are still teenagers and even adults, which is caused by several factors such as illness, accident, style of reading, or blindness is an undetectable cause. This research tries to reveal the various life skills education provided by the administrators of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato in West Sumatera so that the cynical and apathetic impression on the blind disabled patients will be reduced or even lost by knowing the various life skills that they get during their education. Thus, there is no longer the assumption that people with blind disabilities are only used as a sacrifice for begging on the streets or just working as a masseur only. In addition, this research also tries to describe the impression of alumni after taking education at Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato West Sumatra Indonesia. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive with direct participation approach. The techniques used are observation, interview and participate in their daily activities. The results of this field research obtained a lot of information about life skills provided by the managers for their students. By providing many life skills, their students are ready to return to the community. There are many life skills that are providing there. They are; preparatory classes, massaging skills by recognizing the structure of the human body, the ability of foreign languages, the ability to cook, the ability to play music, memorize the Qoran and recitation of the Qoran with rhythm, the ability to make speeches and they also got the counseling guidance so that they can be optimistic to look for their future. From the interviews that the authors conducted to the alumni of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato who had completed his education there, the results obtained that 90 percent said they are very satisfied with life skills education that has been given by the managers of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato and they feel like getting a new family and they are also assisted to find work.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p171
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • Brain Gym Video Model for Improving the Beginning Writing Abilities of the
           Autistic Students

    • Authors: Ary Puspita Ningrum, Abdul Huda, Henry Praherdhiono
      Pages: 175 - 179
      Abstract: Language is a very necessary thing, especially in writing the beginning. Beginning the writing requires a fine motor ability wich adequate. The fine motor in the students with an intellectual disability is impaired so requiring movement that can coordinate motoric. Brain gym is a simple movement that can be used to train cognitive, motor and flexibility the small muscles of the fingers and coordinates the brain with the shoulders, arms, and eyes. The purpose of this research is to produce brain gymnastics. This video is packaged in CD format which is expected to help students to write the beginning. The research and development method that used in this research was adapted from the Borg & Gall model. The results showed that the brain gym was feasible and effective was applied for the intellectual disability after validation by media experts, brain gym experts, and learning experts, as well as pretest and post-test. Utilization suggestions of this research are: (1) for students: students should pay attention to teacher’s movement and instruction, (2) for the teacher: pay attention to student’s difficulty in moving, especially hand moving.
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p175
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Influence the Picture Exchange Communication System Method toward The
           Communication Ability of Autistic Child

    • Authors: Citra Rizky Ratna Putri, Wiwik Dwi Hastuti, Eka Pramono Adi
      Pages: 180 - 185
      Abstract: Children with autism have some very complex developmental disorders including communication, social interaction, emotions, and interest in certain behaviors. They need certain tools and methods for developing communication and language skills, especially in speaking skills. One of the methods is the Picture Exchange Communication System method. This research was conducted by using the Single Subject Research method with A-B-A design. Data collection was conducted in 20 sessions. The results of this study indicated that the effect of PECS method towards communication ability of children with autism. This was evidenced by an overlap percentage of 0%. The conclusion showed that PECS method has an effect towards the communication ability of autistic children
      PubDate: 2018-07-31
      DOI: 10.17977/um005v2i22018p180
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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