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Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2502-3012
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [72 journals]
  • Pengolahan Tanah Menggunakan Bajak Singkal Lebih Sedikit Memerlukan Air
           Irigasi daripada Bajak Rotary

    • Authors: Gusti Bagus Alit Budi Artawan, I Wayan Tika, I N. Sucipta
      Pages: 120 - 127
      Abstract: This research was conducted to know the difference of irrigation water requirement in the preparation of land using chisel plow and rotary plow. The variables observed in this study include: solum volume, soil porosity, initial moisture content of the soil, water requirements for inundation, puddle volume, and duration of soil tillage. Location used as sample of paddy field as much as 15 point sample for each plow which is grouped into three locations that is at upstream, middle, and downstream. At each location five rice samples were taken for each plow treatment. The volume of solum on the treated rice field using the chisel plow of 2122.00 m3 / ha while the volume of solum using rotary plow of 2096.33 m3 / ha. The initial soil moisture content in paddy field used as sample for chisel plow is 52,98% while rotary plow is 45,63%. The water requirement for the saturation of paddy field that is processed by rotary plow is bigger than the chisel plow is 505.97 m3 / ha, whereas in the chisel plow is 377,11 m3 / ha. The volume of inundation in the rotary plow is greater than the chisel plow rotary plow of 401.33 m3 / ha and chisel plow of 141.00 m3 / ha. For the length of time required to cultivate the soil, the chisel plow takes longer time of 29.69 hours / ha, while the rotary plow takes 14.35 hours / ha. The results of this study indicate that the processing of soil using plows of chisel requires less water than the rotary plow. In the processing of the soil using the plot of water chisel required is 5.07 l / dt , while for the rotary plow requires water as much as 17.69 l / dt .   Keywords: irrigation water requirement, soil tillage, chisel plow, rotary plow.
      PubDate: 2018-10-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analisis Profil Suhu dan Kadar Air Tanah Pada Budidaya Cabai Rawit (C.
           frutescens L) Menggunakan Beberapa Macam Mulsa

    • Authors: Ni Made Dea Kanikayani, Sumiyati ., Ida Ayu Bintang Madrini
      Pages: 128 - 134
      Abstract: Abstrak Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu memperoleh profil suhu dan kadar air tanah pada budidaya tanaman cabai rawit menggunakan beberapa macam mulsa. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari lima perlakuan dan tiga ulangan yaitu perlakuan tanpa mulsa, perlakuan mulsa plastik perak, plastik hitam, plastik bening dan perlakuan mulsa jerami padi. Untuk pengukuran suhu tanah menggunakan alat sensor suhu DS18B20 sedangkan untuk kadar air tanah menggunakan metode gravimetri. Pengukuran suhu dan kadar air tanah dilakukan 3 kali yaitu pada 3 hari, 30 hari dan 60 hari setelah tanam. Analisis data suhu dan kadar suhu dan kadar air tanah dalam mulsa menggunakan metode garis kontur. Hasil penelitian suhu tanah menunjukan kontur profil pada saat 3 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 29-33'C, mulsa plastik perak 28-32'C, mulsa plastik hitam 29-34'C, mulsa plastik bening 31-37'C dan mulsa jerami 26-31'C. Pada saat 30 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 26-33'C, mulsa plastik perak 26-31'C, mulsa plastik hitam 27-33'C, mulsa plastik bening 28-32'C dan mulsa jerami 25-30'C dan pada saat 60 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 26-31'C, mulsa plastik perak 25-30'C, mulsa plastik hitam 27-32'C, mulsa plastik bening 31-37'C dan mulsa jerami 26-29'C, sedangkan dari hasil pengukuran suhu tanah yang didapatkan berhubungan dengan hasil kadar air tanahnya. Kata kunci: Mulsa, profil, suhu tanah, kadar air tanah   The purpose of this research was to water content and soil temperature profile content on mulch for cultivation of cayenne pepper plants with different types of mulch. This research use random design group, every each concist of five treatment and three repetation. Which is a treatment without mulch treatment, silver plastic mulch treatment, black plastic mulch treatment, clear plastic mulch treatment , and rice straw mulch treatment. The variable observed of soil temperature using a temperature sensor DS18B20 while for soil water content using the gravimetric method. Measurement of temperature and soil water content was carried out 3 times, namely at the 3 days, 30 days , and 60 days after planting . The result of the temperature and soil water content is made a profile of the temperature and soil water content in the mulch using the contour line method. The results of the soil temperature research show the profile contour when the at 3 days, without mulch distribution profile is 29-330C, silver plastic mulch 28-320C, black plastic mulch 29-340C, clear plastic mulch 28-320C and rice straw mulch 25-300C. At 30 days, without mulch distribution profile is 26-330C, silver plastic mulch 26-310C, black plastic mulch 27-330C, clear plastic mulch 28-320C and rice straw mulch 25-300C. At  60 days, without mulch distribution profile is 26-310C, silver plastic mulch 25-300C, black plastic mulch 27-320C, clear plastic mulch 31-370C and rice straw mulch 26-290C. The results of measurements of the soil temperature obtained in relation to the results of the soil water content. Keywords: Mulch, Profile, Soil Temperature, Soil Water Content  
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Dampak Penggunaan Naungan Plastik Terhadap Profil Iklim Mikro Pada
           

    • Authors: I Putu Tantra Ardika, Yohanes Setiyo, Sumiyati .
      Pages: 135 - 143
      Abstract: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk (1) mengetahui profil iklim mikro pada naungan plastik dengan warna plastik berbeda dan (2) mengetahui warna plastik untuk naungan yang sesuai terhadap peningkatan kualitas kentang varietas granola G0. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap masing-masing terdiri dari empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan, yaitu perlakuan tanpa naungan, perlakuan naungan plastik warna bening, perlakuan naungan plastik warna biru dan perlakuan naungan plastik warna merah. Untuk pengukuran iklim mikro digunakan alat temperature and humidity meter dan light meter. Pengukuran iklim mikro dilakukan seminggu sekali yaitu setiap pukul 12.00 WITA. Analisis data intensitas cahaya matahari dilakukan membuat gambar dalam naungan menggunakan metose garis kontur, sedangkan data hasil pengukuran suhu udara, suhu tanah, kelembaban dan variabel kualitas yang diperoleh diolah dengan menggunakan program komputer Microsoft Excel untuk memperoleh grafik, lalu dianalisis dengan metode deskiptif, dan dilanjutkan analisis menggunakan analisis sidik ragam (ANOVA). Hasil penelitian intensitas cahaya matahari menunjukkan kontur profil saat tanaman berusia 2 minggu profil sebaran naungan warna bening 975-1025 lux, naungan warna merah 675-725 lux, naungan warna biru 575-595 lux, sedangkan pada tanaman berusia 8 minggu naungan warna bening 100-800 lux, naungan warna merah 100-700 lux, dan naungan warna biru 100-400 lux. Rata-rata suhu udara tanpa naungan 26,20C, naungan bening 26,80C, naungan merah 26,60C, naungan biru 26,20C. Rata-rata kelembaban tanpa naungan 76%, naungan bening 77%, naungan merah 78%, naungan biru 79%. Perlakuan naungan bening menunjukkan kualitas terbaik yaitu rata-rata 4,4 umbi per pohon, rata-rata berat 257,6 gram per pohon dan rata-rata 1 umbi per pohon. Kata kunci: naungan plastik, kentang varietas granola G0, iklim mikro. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine the microclimate profile of plastic shade with different plastic colors and (2) find out the color of plastic for the appropriate shade to increase the quality of granola G0 potato varieties. This study used a completely randomized design, each consisting of four treatments and three replications, namely treatment without shade,  transparent plastic shade treatment, blue plastic shade treatment and red plastic shade treatment. For microclimate measurement, the temperature and humidity meter and light meter are used. Microclimate measurement is done once a week, which is at 12.00 p.m. Analysis of sunlight intensity data was carried out to make profile image in the shade using metose contour lines, while the results of measurements of air temperature, soil temperature, humidity and quality variables obtained were processed using a Microsoft Excel computer program to obtain graphics, then analyzed using the deskiptive method and continued the analysis using variance analysis (ANOVA). The result of the intensity of sunlight is made profile countur, and the result of measurement of air temperature, soild temperature, moisture and variable quality is made graph. The results of the study of solar light intensity show the contour of the profile when the plant is two weeks old, the clear shade distribution profile is 975-1025 lux, the shade is read 675-725 lux, the shade is blue 575-595 lux, while in the eight week old plant, the clear shade is 100-800 lux, the shade is red 100-700 lux, and the shade is blue 100-400 lux. Average air temperature without shade 26,20C, clear shade 26,80C, red shade 26,60C, blue shade 26,20C, average moisture without shade 76%, clear shade 77%, red shade 78%, and blue shade 79%. The treatment of clear shade shows the best quality, that is an average of 4,4 tubers every single tree, average 257,6 grams every single tree and average of 1 tuber every single tree.   Keyword : plastic sharps, potatoes varietas granola G0, microclimate  

      PubDate: 2018-10-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analisis Profil Iklim Mikro Pada Budidaya Cabai Rawit (Capsicum Frutescens
           L) Menggunakan Bahan Sungkup Plastik, Paranet, dan Kombinasi

    • Authors: Wahyu Guna Arta, . Sumiyati, I. A. Bintang Madrini
      Pages: 144 - 152
      Abstract: The hood is an alternative to overcome the high intensity of sunlight. In this study the type of containment material treatment can be divided into 3 types of containment material, namely the type of plastic lid material, paranet and combination. For microclimate measurements, a temperature and humidity meter and a light meter are used. Microclimate measurements were carried out at 12.00 WITA, on cayenne pepper from 7 days to 35 HTS. Micro climate data analysis is done by interpolation to obtain the profile contour lines. The results of the study showed that there were different shapes and distribution of different micro-climate profile contours, especially in light intensity. At air temperature and air humidity can not obtain contour lines, because the results of the data from the research conducted are not much different. Plant growth rates in each treatment showed different productivity. In this type of paranet lid material shows better results compared to the type of plastic hood and combination material. In this type of paranet lid material produces an average dry weight of 247.9 grams. Keywords: hood type material, cayenne pepper plant, microclimate.
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Optimalisasi Proses Fermentasi Urin Sapi

    • Authors: Komang Suteja Pramana, Yohanes Setiyo, I Gst. Ngr. Apriadi Aviantara
      Pages: 153 - 158
      Abstract: Penelitian ini membahas mengenai fermentasi urin sapi menjadi biourin. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengoptimalkan proses fermentasi urin sapi menjadi biourin dengan pemberian starter biourin. Penelitian ini memakai Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan empat perlakuan dan tiga kali ulangan. Perlakuan tersebut adalah tanpa starter biourin, 10 persen starter biourin, 20 persen starter biourin, dan 30 persen starter biourin. Setiap perlakuan diberi 1 liter molase dan 1 buah aerator. Variable yang diamati adalah biochemical oxygen demand, derajat keasaman (pH), total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, C-organik dan total-N. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah penambahan starter tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap proses fermentasi urin sapi. Namun proses fermentasi urin sapi dapat dipercepat dari 15 hari menjadi 6 hari, hal ini ditandai dengan nilai biochemical oxygen demand dan pH yang sudah menurun pada hari ke 6 fermentasi. Hasil fermentasi sudah sesuai dengan standar No.70/Permentan/SR.140/10/2011. Dari empat perlakuan pada proses fermentasi urin sapi, perlakuan tanpa starter biourin merupakan perlakuan yang terbaik. Perlakuan tersebut menghasilkan electrical conductivity 5670 mS, biochemical oxygen demand 2,8 mg/l, total dissolved solids 2835 ppm, derajat keasaman pH 6,24, C-organik 3,70 persen, N-total 0,13 persen dan rasio C/N 29,63. Namun, untuk kandungan N-total biourin belum cukup memenuhi standar Permenta yaitu 3 – 6 persen.   Kata kunci: optimal, fermentasi, urin sapi, biourin.
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pemanfaatan Air Kelapa Dan Asam Sitrat Sebagai Larutan Peraga Menggunakan
           Teknik Holding Untuk Memperpanjang Masa Kesegaran Bunga Potong Krisan
           (Chrysanthemum indicum L.) Tipe Spray

    • Authors: Maria Magdalena Kristiani Mbulu, I. A. Rina Pratiwi Pudja, Ni Luh Yulianti
      Pages: 159 - 166
      Abstract: This research aims to obtain the best concentration  of coconut water and citric acid as a solution to extend Chrysanthemum cut flowers’ freshness period. The research is consisted of 25 experimental units, each experiment was repeated twice to gain 50 experimental units. The research uses a completely randomized design (CRD) with an experimental factor. The factor is a combination of coconut water and citric acid. The concentration of coconut water which was used  0%, 4%, 8%,12% and 16% meanwhile the concentrations of citric acid which was used 0 ppm,100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm, and 400 ppm. The parameters which is measured are;the flower‘s freshness period, percentage of flower bloom, the absorbed solution and the flower’s color. Based on the results of the research, it is known that the best treatment is the concentration of coconut water 4% and citric acid 400 ppm that will gain 11 days of flowers’ freshness period, the percentage of flowers’ bloom is 65.5%, the total absorbed solution  is 177.5 ml with flower’s color becoming very faded and slightly brown. Keywords:Chrysanthemum flowers, coconut water, citric acid, the flower‘s freshness period of flowers  
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Rancang Bangun Program menggunakan Metode Fuzzy untuk Penilaian Aspek
           Palemahan pada Sistem Subak (Studi Kasus pada Sistem Subak di Kawasan
           Warisan Budaya Dunia Catur Angga Batukau)

    • Authors: Kadek Dwi Ananda Nugraha, Sumiyati ., I Putu Gede Budisanjaya
      Pages: 167 - 176
      Abstract: Abstrak Subak merupakan sebuah lembaga yang bertugas dalam mengatur air irigasi secara tradisional. Subak dalam aktivitasnya berlandaskan pada Tri Hita Karana (THK). Salah satu aspek dari Tri Hita Karana (THK) yang  dinilai adalah aspek palemahan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang suatu program untuk menilai kondisi aspek palemahan dalam sistem subak menggunakan Matlab-GUI berbasis logika fuzzy yang diberi nama Sistem Informasi TAKSU (Tri Hita Karana Subak). Dalam membuat toolbox fuzzy tahapan yang paling penting untuk dilakukan adalah merancang rule. Perolehan data dilakukan dengan metode survei, pengamatan secara langsung dan pengukuran. Data yang telah dikumpulkan selanjutnya akan diberi nilai dan dianalisis dengan logika fuzzy. Subak dinilai dengan menggunakan tiga rentang nilai yaitu Baik = 3, Sedang = 2, Kurang = 1. Program ini terdiri dari input, algoritma yang merupakan fungsi dari perancangan yang dilakukan pada toolbox fuzzy Matlab dan output sebagai hasil dari program tersebut. Berdasarkan hasil validasi yang dilakukan pada dua sampel subak diperoleh nilai pada Subak Jatiluwih adalah 2.23 dengan kriteria Agak Baik dan Subak Puring 2.73 dengan kriteria Baik. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa program ini dapat beroperasi dengan baik Kata kunci: aspek palemahan, GUI Matlab, logika fuzzy, Subak, Tri Hita Karana (THK). Subak is an institution in charge of regulating the irrigation traditionally. System Subak activities are based on Tri Hita Karana (THK). One aspect of Tri Hita Karana (THK) is the palemahan aspect. The purpose of this research was to develop a program to assess the condition of palemahan aspect in subak system using Matlab-GUI based fuzzy logic that named TAKSU Information System (Tri Hita Karana Subak). In creating a fuzzy toolbox, the most important step to do is to design rules. Data were collected by survey method, direct observation and measurement. The data were categorized by value and then analyzed with fuzzy logic. Subak were assessed by using three value criteria that were Good = 3, Medium = 2, Less = 1. This program consists of input, an algorithm which is a function of the design carried out on the fuzzy Matlab toolbox and output as a result of the program. Based on the results of the validation carried out on two samples of subak, the value of Subat Jatiluwih was 2.23 with the criteria of Good and Subak Puring was 2.73 with the criteria of Good. These results indicate that this program can operate properly. Keyword : palemahan aspect, Matlab-GUI, fuzzy logic, Subak, Tri Hita Karana (THK).
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analisis Iklim Mikro di dalam Sungkup Plastik pada Budidaya Tanaman Selada
           Keriting (Lactuca sativa var. cripa L).

    • Authors: I Kadek Ari Andika, Yohanes Setiyo, I Putu Gede Budisanjaya
      Pages: 177 - 183
      Abstract: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk (1) menganalisis iklim mikro di dalam sungkup plastik dengan tinggi yang berbeda pada budidaya tanaman selada keriting dan (2) menentukan tinggi sungkup plastik yang sesuai dengan produktivitas tanaman selada keriting. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancang acak lengkap, terdiri dari empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan, yaitu: SP0 perlakuan tanpa sungkup, SP1 perlakuan sungkup plastik tinggi 80 cm dengan tinggi ventilasi 45 cm, SP2 perlakuan sungkup plastik tinggi 100 cm dengan tinggi ventilasi 45 cm, dan SP3 perlakuan sungkup plastik tinggi 120 cm dengan tinggi ventilasi 45 cm. Hasil penelitian pada perlakuan sungkup plastik dengan tinggi 120 cm memperoleh intensitas cahaya tertinggi sebesar 651.1 lux dan mendapatkan suhu udara tertinggi sebesar 24.10C. Sungkup plastik dengan tinggi 80 cm memperoleh kelembaban relatif tertinggi sebesar 76.3%. Perlakuan sungkup plastik tinggi 80 cm memperoleh produktivitas tertinggi sebesar 5,6 g/tanaman.       Kata kunci: selada keriting, iklim mikro, sungkup plastik,produktivitas
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pengaruh Perlakuan Uap Etanol Terhadap Mutu Dan Masa Simpan Buah Manggis
           (Garcinia Mangostana L.)

    • Authors: I Gusti Ayu Prapti Pundari, I Made Supartha Utama, Ni Luh Yulianti
      Pages: 184 - 192
      Abstract: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh perlakuan uap etanol terhadap mutu dan masa simpan buah manggis pada suhu ruang. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 ragam volume etanol ; 0 ml, 2 ml, dan 4 ml masing-masing diperangkap dalam 5 gram karagenan dan dimasukkan ke dalam sachet teh. Sachet kemudian ditempatkan pada alas styrofoam dimana terdapat 5 buah manggis, selanjutnya ditutup dengan plastik film regang LDPE. Buah manggis tanpa perlakuan atau kontrol disediakan sebagai pembanding.  Buah selanjutnya disimpan pada suhu kamar (28±2'). Susut bobot, intensitas kerusakan, vitamin C, total padatan terlarut, warna, kekerasan dan uji organoleptik diamati selama penyimpanan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan uap etanol secara umum berpengaruh nyata dalam menurunkan tingkat kerusakan, susut bobot, memperlambat laju perubahan kekerasan, warna kulit dan aril, serta total padatan terlarut dan vitamin C dibandingkan buah kontrol.  Demikian pula uap etanol mampu memberikan nilai tingkat kesukaan panelis lebih tinggi terhadap warna dan rasa aril serta penampilan secara kesuluruhan dibandingkan dengan buah kontol.  Dari ragam perlakuan volume etanol, 4 mL etanol per kemasan mengkreasi uap terbaik untuk memperlambat laju kerusakan, perubahan mutu, menurunkan susut dan meningkatkan kesukaan panelis. Kata kunci: Manggis, uap etanol, kemasan atmosfer termodifikasi, mutu pascapanen The aim of this research was to determine the effect of etanol vapor on the quality and the shelf life of mangosteen at the room temperature. Three different volumes of ethanol, namely 0 ml, 2 ml and 4 ml, were trapped in the 5 gram carrageenan placed in the tea sachets.  The sachet was then put on the basal of styrofoam tray on which 5 fruits were placed and then wraped by streching film LDPE.  Control fruits or un-treated fruits were also provided as comparison. The result showed that the ethanol vapor treatments, in general, significantly reduced the intensity of damage, weidght loss, slowing the change rate of texture, color of fruit surface and aril, total soluble solid and vitamin C of the aril, compared to the control fruits.  The ethanol vapor was also able to give better preferences of panelists on  the color and flavor of the aril, as well as the overall performances of the fruits compared to the controls.  The 4 mL ethanol per package created ethanol vapor of which the best vapor to reduce the rate of damage and the change of quality and increase the panelists preferences.   Keyword : Mangosteen, ethanol vapor, modified atmosphere packaging, postharvest quality
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analisis Kebutuhan Air dan Finansial Tanaman Krisan (Chrysanthemum Sp.)
           dengan Metode Guludan dan Pot

    • Authors: I Gede Ngurah Salpatira Widayana, I Wayan Tika, I Made Anom S. Wijaya
      Pages: 193 - 203
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Bunga krisan (Chrysanthemum sp.) merupakan salah satu tanaman hias yang diproduksi sebagai bunga potong. Budidaya bunga krisan biasanya menggunakan metode  di guludan, namun saat ini sudah berkembang budidaya krisan menggunakan metode pot. Berkembangnya dua metode budidaya mengakibatkan adanya perbedaan kebutuhan air tanaman dan finansial pada masing-masing metode. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk menganalisis kebutuhan air tanaman dan kelayakan finansial dari masing-masing metode. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk: (1) menentukan perbedaan tingkat kebutuhan air pada budidaya bunga krisan menggunakan metode guludan  dan metode pot, dan (2) menganalisis kelayakan finansial budidaya tanaman krisan dengan kedua metode tersebut. Perlakuan penelitian ini adalah : Budidaya bunga krisan dengan metode guludan dan budidaya bunga krisan dengan metode pot. Pada masing-masing metode dianalisis kebutuhan air tanaman (ETc) dan kelayakan finansialnya. Analisis kelayakan finansial yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah NPV, IRR dan BCR. Total kebutuhan air tanaman krisan dengan metode guludan dan pot masing-masing adalah 1056,72 ml/tanaman dan 866,64 ml/ tanaman, sedangkan rata-rata kebutuhan air harian masing-masing 19,57 ml/hari, dan 16,05 ml/hari. Hasil kelayakan finansial dari penelitian ini adalah NPV pada metode guludan sebanyak Rp. 5.687.537,35 lebih kecil dari metode pot yang bernilai Rp. 12.627.709,99. IRR dari metode guludan dengan persentase 15% lebih kecil dari metode pot yang persentasenya 18%. Analisis BCR dari metode guludan memperoleh hasil sebesar 1,51 yang mana lebih kecil dari metode pot yang memperoleh hasil sebesar 1,63. Walaupun kedua metode budidaya bunga krisan dikatakan layak, namun metode pot lebih menguntungakan  dari pada metode guludan dari segi finansial.   Kata kunci : kebutuhan air tanaman, analisis finansial, krisan. ABSTRACT   Chrysanthemum flower (Chrysanthemum sp.)  are one of the ornamental plants produced as cut flowers. Chrysanthemum cultivation usually uses the bund method, but nowadays chrysanthemum cultivation has develoved using the pot method. The development of two methods of cultivation resulted in differences in the plant water requirements and financial in each methods. Therefore it is necessary to conduct research to analyze the plant water requirement and the financial feasibility of each method. The purpose of this research are to : (1) determine the difference of water requirement level on the cultivation of chrysanthemum flower using the method of bund and pot, and (2) analyze the finance feasibility on cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with both methods. The treatment of this research are : cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with bund method and cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with pot method. In each method analyzed plant water requirements (ETc) and financial feasibility. The analysis of financial feasibility used in this research is NPV, IRR and BCR.  Total requirement of chrysanthemum flower water with bund and pot method are 1056,72 ml/plant and 866,64 ml/plant, while the average daily water requirement is 19,57 ml/day, and 16,05 ml/day. The financial feasibility result of this are NPV on bund method as much as Rp. 5.687.537,35 is smaller than the pot method which is worth Rp. 12.627.709,99. IRR from the bund method with percentage 15% smaller than pot method with the percentage of 18%. The BCR analysis of the bund method yields 1.51 which is smaller than the pot method which yields 1.63. although both methods of chrysanthemum flower cultivation are said to be feasible, but the pot method is more advantageous than the method of bunds in financial terms. Keywords : plant water requirement, finansial analize, chrysanthemum flower.
      PubDate: 2018-11-06
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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