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Progress in Preventive Medicine
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2473-294X
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [307 journals]
  • Theoretical Rationale for How Slimming Garments May Motivate Physical
           Activity in People with Obesity

    • Authors: Binks; Martin; Chin, Shao-Hua
      Abstract: Obesity and inactivity contribute to disease burden and increased mortality worldwide. Consistency in initiating and maintaining adequate physical activity continues to be a major challenge. The majority of the weight loss and exercise science literature focuses on enhancing personal responsibility. For people with obesity, perceptions of others, a history of negative self-judgment and consequent low exercise self-efficacy influence the likelihood that they will engage in physical activity. We provide a theoretical rationale for the utility of slimming garments in enhancing exercise adherence. We reviewed and compiled relevant literature related to motivational theory and body image to develop a theoretical basis for the use of slimming garments to promote exercise adherence. Our review provides theoretical support for the potential for slimming garments to improve exercise adherence. Reductions in exercise avoidance may be achieved through the use of slimming garments during and following exercise.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • BMI, Psychosocial Correlates, Pain and Activities of Daily Living in
           Sickle Cell Disease Patients

    • Authors: Kaufman; Kelli; Chin, Shao-Hua; Kahathuduwa, Chanaka; Wood, Mary; Feliu, Miriam; Hill, LaBarron; Barker, Camela; Reif, Rosellen; Keys, Abigail; Edwards, Christopher L.; Binks, Martin
      Abstract: imagePain, psychosocial issues and impaired activities of daily living (ADLs) are common in sickle cell disease (SCD). Improved longevity may be leading to increases in body mass index (BMI). We both describe an SCD clinic population and determine if BMI, psychosocial distress, and pain predict impairments in ADLs. Archival data from 252 adult African American SCD clinic patients were examined (ie gender, BMI, SCD type, psychosocial status via Symptom Checklist-90-Revised; pain via Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire: Sensory Pain, Affective Pain (AP), Present Pain Intensity and ADLs. In total, 44% of the sample was overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2). Depression, anxiety, and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised Global Severity Index were in the clinical range. Patients with HbSβ+-thalassemia and hemoglobin SC disease had higher BMIs than those with HbSS (P < 0.001). AP and age-predicted impaired ADLs. In an OW/OB subsample, AP, age, and SCD severity predicted impaired ADLs. The consistent relationship of AP to ADL impairment suggests targeting AP via behavioral pain management may improve functioning.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
 
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