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Review of Economics and Development Studies
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2519-9692 - ISSN (Online) 2519-9706
Published by CSRC Publishing Homepage  [3 journals]
  • CO2 and Environment Change Evidence from Pakistan

    • Authors: Javeria Masood, Fatima Farooq, Muhammad Saeed
      Pages: 57 - 72
      Abstract: A safe and healthy environment is a basic right of all living bodies but in current era pollution is at peak. The present study applied bound test based co-integrating technique using annual time series data from 1970-2014 for exploring major determinants of Environmental degradation. Present study included four determinants were energy consumption, gross domestic products, FDI and population growth. Finding of the present observed a significant relationship among energy consumption, GDP, population growth and environmental degradation in short run and long-run. However, foreign direct investment has a positive and significant association with environmental degradation at 10% level of significance both in short and long-run.  The econometric findings suggest that Pakistan has to sacrifice use of energy consumption, to have a safe and healthy environment for better livings; Pakistan should adopt other way of energy like solar energy .While foreign direct investment must be used for pollution free machine or pollution free projects so that we can have clean Pakistan. Government of Pakistan should care about green policy and should spread awareness in public so that population growth should not be a problem of environmental degradation.  This research study made a unique participation in emergent body of empirical studies on practices of environmental awareness in Pakistan by using bounds test based co-integration technique.  
      PubDate: 2015-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/reads.v1i2.116
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
  • Increasing Supply of Tradable Goods in the Common Market for Eastern and
           Southern Africa (COMESA)

    • Authors: Macleans Mzumara
      Pages: 73 - 117
      Abstract: The author investigated the nature of institutional quality in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) on the basis of voice and accountability political stability, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law and control of corruption. The author further investigated the existence of a link between institutional quality and factors of production. The results show that capital, entrepreneurship and foreign direct investment are the major determinants of production of tradable goods in COMESA. In exception of Mauritius and Namibia (currently no longer a member) the rest of COMESA member states have very poor institutional quality. This affects their ability to attract foreign direct investment hence production of tradable goods. Voice and accountability, government effectiveness, rule of law and political stability play a major role in increasing production of tradable goods in COMESA. Foreign direct investment is affected by voice and accountability, rule of law and political stability than any other factors. Availability of raw material is affected by government effectiveness, regulatory quality, political stability, voice and accountability and control of corruption. Capital is very sensitive to issues of voice and accountability and control of corruption and regulatory quality.
      PubDate: 2015-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/reads.v1i2.117
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
  • Stock prices and Macroeconomic Performance in Pakistan: An Analysis

    • Authors: Saima Mukhtar, Imran Sharif Sharif Chaudhry, Furrukh Bashir
      Pages: 119 - 128
      Abstract: This paper analyzes long-term equilibrium relationships between the Karachi stock exchange index and a group of macroeconomic variables. The macroeconomic variables are represented by the gross domestic product, the consumer price index, M2 and the exchange rate. We employ a multiple regression model to explore such relationships during 1991 to 2012. Our results indicated a "causal" relationship between the stock market and the economy analysis of our results indicates that KSE 100 index has a strong positive impact on GDP and M2 in Pakistan. Whereas it has a negative and significant impact on CPI and exchange rate in Pakistan. Granger causality test shows that KSE 100 index Granger causes GDP, CPI, M2, EXRT, AGRI, FDI and BOT and the direction of causality runs from KSE 100 index to these variables.
      PubDate: 2015-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/reads.v1i2.118
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
  • Factors Determining the Effective Role of Microfinance

    • Authors: Shahina Imran, Rana M Imran Arshad
      Pages: 129 - 141
      Abstract: The focus of this study is on the effectiveness of economic, social and institutional factors in manipulating the role of microfinance. It is a primary data research conducted in the Bahawalpur division, Pakistan. The sample consists of 773 respondents, belonging to different microfinance providers of Pakistan that are NRSP, AKHU, FMFB,  KASHF, KB, NRSP-B, TMFB. Data has been collected through face to face structured interviewing using a questionnaire. It has been found that economic wellbeing and economic empowerment of borrowers after availing microfinance is positively affected by consumer protection, education of borrowers, experience, business training, number of employed persons, length of membership, relation to household head, area and family reaction to business activity but negatively by diversion of loan, interest rate, age of the borrowers and number of dependents.
      PubDate: 2015-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/reads.v1i2.119
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
  • Impact of Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors Affecting Child Health in
           Selected South Asian Countries

    • Authors: Sofia Anwar, Maria Khushbakhet, Aisha Asif, Zahira Batool
      Pages: 143 - 151
      Abstract: Development of any nation is estimated through child health condition. In particular, the fourth millennium development goal out of eight is to reduce the mortality rate. The target set under this goal was to reduce by two-third, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of child mortality. Maternal BMI is closely associated with child nutritional status. Weak mother having low BMI has low nutrition status which effect child weight. Healthy and balance food of mothers have positive effect on their child. Underweight mother can have impaired and poor growing kids. This study presents impact of some socio-economic demographic and maternal health related factors on health status of children in selected South Asian countries i.e. Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. The study used micro data from demographic and health survey (DHS) of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Multinomial logistic regression results revealed that mother education, mother working status, mother health, availability of safe drinking water, family size and vaccination have significant effect on child health. Mother's education is positively associated with healthy child. Working mothers are more likely to have healthy child. Weak and obese children are positively associated with malnourished and overweight mothers respectively. Small family size has positive impact on weak child health. Vaccination and availability of improved and safe water are positively associated with child health.  
      PubDate: 2015-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/reads.v1i2.120
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
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