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Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2519-089X - ISSN (Online) 2519-0326
Published by CSRC Publishing Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Lessons from the Major Leadership Theories in Comparison to the Competency
           Theory for Leadership Practice

    • Authors: Tong Wooi Chow, Lailawati Mohd. Salleh, Ismi Arif Ismail
      Pages: 147 - 156
      Abstract: Purpose: This article presents perspectives on the review of eight major theories of leadership in comparison to the competency approach. Also, the definitions, significance, and benefits of the leadership competency concept are also highlighted. Methodology: A review of the various published literature on the major leadership theories, the competency theory, and the related topics on the scope of the study. Results: The findings of the review show the significance and relevance of the leadership competency approach as a viable leadership option for the 21st century- leadership. Leadership for best practice continues to evolve due to the changing leadership landscape. The literature states that newer theories will eventually replace old leadership concepts. Implications: An understanding of the various leadership theories, specifically the competency theory will facilitate in the choice of the adoption of leadership approach. Moreover, employing the appropriate leadership practice in this current knowledge-based era is key to individual and organizational performance.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.86
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Talent Retention among Malaysian

    • Authors: Idris Osman, Fauziah Noordin, Idaya Husna Mohd, Koe Wei Loon
      Pages: 157 - 168
      Abstract: Purpose: This paper examines the linkage between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and talent retention amongst Malaysian engineers from the perspective of entrepreneurial orientation theory. Design/Methodology/Approach: A cross-sectional survey of 104 engineers from private organisations in Malaysia was conducted to test the hypothesised relationships between constructs. The population comprised graduate and professional engineers who were registered under the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM). The purposive sampling method was employed for data analysis purposes. Data was analysed using partial least square-structural equation modelling technique. Findings: The results of this study indicated a significant relationship between innovativeness, proactiveness, risk-taking, and competitive aggressiveness and the intention to stay (ITS). Autonomy was found not significant in predicting engineers’ ITS the same jobs. Engineers require EO to support their freedom of ideas and thoughts to exploit opportunities, produce creativity, and solve engineering task-related problems and uncertainty situations. Implications/Originality/Value: EO dimensions can be used to predict engineers’ ITS current employments. This study provides crucial information for the organisations and policy makers to develop mechanisms and policies to enhance the engineers’ involvement of effective EO for increasing retention behaviours and career satisfaction. As the EO of engineers’ increase, the ITS will also increase.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.189
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Overcoming Workplace Challenges: A Qualitative Study of Resilience Factors
           of Indonesian Women Factory Workers in Malaysia

    • Authors: Ellys Juwita Purba, Syed Mohamad Syed Abdullah
      Pages: 169 - 178
      Abstract: Purpose: Aim to explore the experiences of Indonesian factory workers who perceived themselves as resilient individuals. This paper report the strategies used by Indonesian women factory workers to develop and maintain their resilience, despite encountering serious workplace challenges. Background Despite the potentially adverse effects of their quality of life such as psychological, social aspect thrive through exercising self-efficacy and coping skills. Resilience refers to the ability to cope well with challenges and change.
      Methodology: The method of this study is collective case study investigation of personal resilience from 20 Indonesian women factory workers. Interview transcripts were analyzed thematically. Results: Indonesian women factory workers attributed their ability to succeed in the workplace to four major influences: Spiritual aspect, Social support, personal competence, Job environment
      Implication: Conclusively, Indonesian women factory workers' resilience ability insights contributed to a deeper understanding of personal resilience and highlight future initiatives to enhance the ability, skill and performance of factory workers in their workplace.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.188
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Harnessing Information Systems & Technology with Supply Chain Management
           for Performance Excellence in Retail Sector

    • Authors: Muhammad Hashim Amin
      Pages: 179 - 184
      Abstract: Purpose: Retailers are revolutionizing the ways they manage their operations and supply chains to meet customer's ever changing needs. Advancements in Information Technology (IT) and Information System (IS) are supporting the companies to achieve this goal. Core activities of a retailer; stock management, category & space management, forecasting, negotiation and tracking all depends upon efficient supply chain management (SCM). These tasks cannot be executed without the proper implementation of IT/IS solutions at various levels of organizations. The purpose of this paper is to focus on critical SCM performances and to highlight how IT/IS system can help the retailers to overcome the challenges of modern day retail business.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.55
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Impact of Transformational Leadership and the Mediating Effect of
           Employees' Perception of Organizational Change on Affective,
           Normative and Continuance Commitment

    • Authors: Joshua Teck Khun Loo, Pey Huey Lee, Ai Loon Low
      Pages: 185 - 198
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to study the influence of transformational leadership on employees' perception of the change and the impact of the different levels of commitment towards change in a semi-conductor multinational company in Malaysia. Design/Methodology/Approach: The partial least squares of structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach was deployed to validate and examine the research theoretical framework, and conduct the hypothesis testing. Findings: The result reveals transformational leadership and employees' perception of the changes to be highly predictive of the employees' commitment with regard to the organizational changes. It also indicates that employees' perception of the change has a significant mediating effect on the relationship between transformational leadership and affective, normative, and continuance commitment. Implications/Originality/Value: Management must be sensitive to employees' reaction for the change initiatives to be successful and it is noteworthy for management to understand the employees' perception of the changes, support their needs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.99
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Antecedents of the User Behavior for Online Businesses: A Case of Pakistan

    • Authors: Lutf Ullah, Muhammad Amjad Khan
      Pages: 199 - 208
      Abstract: Purpose: This study tries to investigate the antecedents of user behavior like purchase intentions and e-loyalty in the context of Pakistan. More specifically, it studies the relationship between perceived flow, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and the user behavior constructs which this study considers are e-loyalty and purchase intentions. Design/Methodology/Approach: Primary Data is obtained through survey from 466 respondents and was analyzed through PLS-SEM approach. Findings: Findings suggest that perceived flow and technological acceptance model constructs which are perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness have significant positive impact on the e-loyalty and purchase intentions in the developing economy like Pakistan. Implications/Originality/Value: This study is a contribution to the literature acknowledging the importance of flow and technology acceptance model constructs as antecedents of user behavior for online businesses in the context of developing country like Pakistan. This study guides practitioners for designing such a website that make a user feel 'flow' situation while surfing their website. If they are able to make their visitors feel flow, they are more likely to generate purchase intention and develop e-loyalty for the e-vendor.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.43
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Organization Citizenship Behavior: Notion of Social Exchange Theory

    • Authors: Malka Liaquat, Khawaja Mehmood
      Pages: 209 - 216
      Abstract: Purpose: Employee-organization relationship has been one of the main interesting and debatable constructs in discussion of organizational behavior. This study attempts to propose possible antecedents through which not only this relationship could be enhanced but also provide insights for factors to bring voluntary activities among employees to carry out extra duties for organizational wellbeing. Based on the notion of Social Exchange theory (SET), the paper attempts to highlight the organizational and individuals factors that could act as key mechanisms for leading towards organizational citizenship behavior. Therefore, based on the existing literature, the association among variables has been established along with which a conceptual model is proposed and conclusions stating the possible future directions for testing of the model are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.137
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • A Validity Study of Malay-translated Version of the Modified Caregivers
           Strain Index Questionnaire (M-CSI-M)

    • Authors: Mohan S.Ramasamy, Rahimah Ibrahim, Zainal Madon, Zarinah Arshat
      Pages: 217 - 226
      Abstract: The diversity of the population of the world suggests a great need for validated cross-cultural survey instruments or scales. Health care professionals should have access to reliable sources and valid concepts of interest in their own cultures and languages to provide quality patient care. Therefore, the aims of this study were to translate the Modified Caregiver Strain Index (M-CSI) in the national language of Malaysia. Also to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Malay-translated version of Modified Caregiver Strain Index (M-CSI-M). Instrument was translated forward and rearward through the translation strategy, reconciled by a panel, and verified by the Malaysian Institute of Translation & books as experts of content. After methodological approaches for the translation, adaptation and transcultural validation of Modified Caregiver Strain Index (M-CSI). The latest version of Malaysia was administered to 50 informal care providers of dependent elderly with the Parkinson's disease, at the Association of Parkinson Malaysia (MPDA) and University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Medical Centre in May 2017. The Malaysians Modified Caregiver Strain Index (M-CSIM) has good face validity and content, as well as inner consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.75). In conclusion, the M-CSI-M is a reliable tool for the evaluation of caregiving strain levels experienced by informal care providers in Malaysia. M-CSI-M is recommended as a brief and valid measurement that can be used by doctors, counselors, social workers and psychologists to locate the caregiving strain levels of the informal care providers of dependent elderly in Malaysia
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.47
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Do CPEC Power Plants Impact Pakistan's Environmental condition:
           Evidence from Literature

    • Authors: Muhammad Ali Abuzar, Masood Ul Hassan
      Pages: 227 - 234
      Abstract: Purpose: With the increase in the population of the world and with the increase in the civilizations the need of humanity is increasing day by day. Now people need electricity for the meeting of their needs. From the period of 2000s Pakistan is suffering from the problem of load shedding. Load shading results in the poverty, hunger and unemployment. Government of Pakistan is keen to solve the power shortages problem and for this in 2013, CPEC idea was emerged, China government aims to invest in Pakistan and they have will to solve this problem. However environmental experts have shown their concerns regarding the use of coal in electricity production. With the help of literature available this point established that there are environmental hazards that will surely harm the environment.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.187
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • The Islamic Philosophical Perspective on Hajj Pilgrim's Management

    • Authors: Musmuliadi Kamaruding, Mohd Syahmir Alias, Abang Mohd Razif Abang Muis, Mohammad Zulfakhairi Mokthar
      Pages: 235 - 244
      Abstract: Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. Every year, during the hajj season, millions of pilgrims came from different countries and gathered in Mecca to perform hajj. The huge numbers of pilgrims have made the management of pilgrims became too complex. The management itself is also not reasonable if it not based on the Islamic philosophical basis. In other words, the most suitable management practice in managing pilgrims in Mecca is the management from the Islamic philosophical perspectives. Therefore, this paper aims to identify and to analyze the philosophy of hajj pilgrim's management from Islamic perspectives. This paper employed document research method and was analyzed with content analysis method. The result found that the philosophy of hajj pilgrim's management from Islamic perspective can be identified based on four elements. The first element is epistemological aspect by referring to Qur'an and hadith as the authoritative source of knowledge. Secondly, ontological aspect which assert monotheism (tawhid) as the management mould. Thirdly, axiological aspect with the application of values in management such as excellence (ihsan), trust (amanah), and justice ('adl). Fourthly, teleological aspect which emphasizes the pleasure of Allah (mardati'Llah) as the ultimate goal of hajj pilgrim's management. In conclusion, to emphasize on these four elements of Islamic philosophy in hajj pilgrim's management in Mecca is important to ensure the management activities that carried out will always gain the pleasure of Allah SWT.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.42
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Non-Monetary Incentives to Improve Job Performance at Property Company in
           Penang Malaysia

    • Authors: Nur Fatin Nazierah Abu Bakar, Bidayatul Akmal Mustafa Kamil, Siti Norasyikin Abdul Hamid, Shamsul Huda Abd Rani
      Pages: 245 - 252
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of non-monetary incentives such as flexible working schedules, recognition and career development on job performance. Design/Methodology/Approach: The respondents of the study were among employees who work with property company in Penang. In this study, the quantitative method was implemented. In assessing the relationship between the variables, a total of 91 questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive and inferential data analysis technique. The method of analysis used in this study includes reliability test, Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Findings: The findings of this research reveal that flexible working schedules, recognition and career development has significant relationship on employees' job performance. Implications/Originality/Value: The findings of the study can be applied by the management of property company in their effort to enhance job performance of their employees by considering the determinant factors involved in this study, particularly in enhancing the non-monetary incentives. Moreover, this study may help in improving employees' job performance and thereby gaining higher rewards and benefits to them. Consequently, the research provides guidance how non-monetary incentives works or give positive result in such a way it gives employees and organization enough satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.89
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Role of Transformational Leadership in Effective Strategic Implementation
           with the Moderating Effect of Organizational Culture

    • Authors: Onuma Suphattanakul
      Pages: 253 - 262
      Abstract: Purpose: This study evaluates the role of transformational leadership in effective strategic implementation. The purposes of this study are; first, to examine the degree of transformational leadership of administrative officials; second, to assess the degree of effective strategic implementation; third, to investigate the impact of transformational leadership on effective strategic implementation. Finally, this study examines the roles of organizational culture as a moderator of the association between transformational leadership and effective strategic implementation. Methodology: This study uses the case study of municipalities in Trang Province in Thailand. This research employs quantitative methods. The questionnaires are collected from administrative officials of municipalities in Trang Province. Descriptive statistics are used to analyse the data. This study uses Pearson correlation analysis to achieve the associations between two variables. In addition, regression analysis is applied as a suitable statistical tool to test the hypotheses. Implication: This study combined the framework of strategic management, leadership, and organizational culture for testing the conceptual model. The study is particularly useful for improving the roles of administrative officials in order to achieve effective strategic in municipalities.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.80
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Conceptual Model of Predictors of SMEs' Performance in the Context of

    • Authors: Osman Elsheikh Abdelrahman, Zarifah Bt Abdullah, Zakaria Abas
      Pages: 263 - 276
      Abstract: Purpose: SMEs' performance in Sudan is in downturn and calls for research-based solution. To address this, this conceptual study proposes a model entailing management accounting practices (costing, budgeting, and performance measures practices) as predictors of SMEs' performance. Also, research findings on the relationship between management accounting practices and performance are inconsistent.  Given this, this study proposes a model entailing management accounting practices as determinants of SMEs' performance with moderating role of external business environment. Design/methodology/approach: This work is theorized based on extensive literature survey through which a conceptual model is developed and discussed. Inconsistent relationship between management accounting practices and performance is valuated and established via published research. Also, moderating role of external business environment is discussed and validated based on contingency theory. Findings: This paper proposes a conceptual model to serve as an answer to how Sudanese SMEs' performance can be improved through management accounting practices. Research limitations/implications: The proposed model in this work is based on survey of published research, but it can be empirically solidified further through collection and analysis of relevant data. Practical implications: The paper can help SMEs' owners/ managers and policy makers to understand how properly-adopted management accounting practices can improve SMEs' performance. Originality/value: The proposed conceptual framework is an exceptional and all-inclusive model that will expectantly improve the relevant body of literature and serve as useful guide for stakeholders on how the performances of SMEs can be boosted to enable them catch up with the SMEs' performance level of the developed countries in order to boost the economy of Sudan as a nation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.186
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Influence of University Experience on the Entrepreneurial Quality among
           Graduate Students in Malaysian Public Universities

    • Authors: Shamsul Huda Abd Rani, Bidayatul Akmal Mustafa Kamil, Shamsul Hana Abd Rani
      Pages: 277 - 284
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of university experience on the development of entrepreneurial quality among graduate students in Malaysian Public Universities. A conceptual model is proposed and empirically tested where entrepreneurial quality is influenced by university experience.  Methodology: A questionnaire survey was administered to 400 students in several Public Universities. Regression analysis as statistical tools was used to analyze the data and test the hypotheses that entrepreneurial quality is impacted by the university experience. Findings: The postulated relationships were found supported by the data. The research found that university experience has significant and positive impact on entrepreneurial quality among graduate students in Malaysian Public Universities. Implication: The study is particularly useful for Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education as well as the Malaysian Public Universities by identifying advantages university experience among students in Malaysian Public Universities. This paper is hoped to give valuable reference to the parties to consider the university in order to prepare for the young generation in the future.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.53
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
  • Combination of Microcredit and Micro-Training with Mediating Role of
           Formal Education: A Micro-Enterprise Success Formula

    • Authors: Waseem Ul Hameed, Tanveer Hussin, Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Farhan Basheer
      Pages: 285 - 291
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a distinctive formula (framework) for micro-enterprise success. As the success of micro-enterprise is under debate from many decades, however, the researchers and entrepreneurs are unable to find the unique factor to develop a comprehensive framework. Design/Methodology/Approach: The current study is based on conceptual framework. Prior studies are used to develop the framework and hypothesis. Moreover, conclusion is based on literature review. Findings: It is investigated that, microfinance factors (i.e., micro-credit and micro-training) has a positive relationship with micro-enterprise success. However, among all other microfinance factors (i.e., micro-saving, micro-insurance, social capital), micro-credit and micro-training have relatively higher effect on microenterprise performance followed by a level of education. Moreover, it is found that education mediates the relation between microfinance factors and micro-enterprise success. Implications/Originality/Value: This study contributed to the body of knowledge by developing a micro-enterprise success formula for researchers and entrepreneurs, which ultimately improve the performance of micro-enterprises. Hence, the current study is beneficial for microfinance institutions and other practitioners to enhance micro-enterprise success.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.26710/jbsee.v3i2.191
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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