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Advanced Journal of Social Science
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2581-3358
Published by AIJR Publisher Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Reaching Mental Health Research Participants with Multiple Stigmas; A
           Description of Strategies Used in a Depression Intervention Study for YMSM
           of Color with HIV

    • Authors: Eric Houston, Chris Argueta, Jahmil Lacey, Sukrit Mukherjee, Kieran Breda-Hill
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Research indicates that stigma serves as a barrier to the recruitment of participants into mental health intervention studies. Some participants, such as those for depression intervention studies that target people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), may face multiple sources of stigma. The purpose of this brief report was to describe recruitment strategies used during the initial months of an ongoing preliminary pilot study designed to develop a web-based intervention for young African American and Latino gay and bisexual men living with HIV who reported symptoms of depression. We employed four primary recruitment strategies to identify potential participants in the Los Angeles metropolitan area for the study. These strategies included social media, referrals, direct contact, and recruitment flyers. Preliminary data indicated that recruitment efforts generated 57 responses from potential participants during the first four months of recruitment and study implementation. The monthly response rate from potential participants represented slightly more than 71% of the study’s minimum level targeted for participant enrollment. Findings from this preliminary study are discussed in terms of the role of stigma as a barrier to mental health participant research recruitment. Implications for both depression research and clinical interventions are considered.
      PubDate: 2018-04-22
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.3.1.1-7
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Effect of IPR on the Condition of SMEs Survival; An Empirical Study of
           800 SMEs of Company A from 1991 to the End of 2017 in Taiwan

    • Authors: Wang Ching-Yung
      Pages: 8 - 22
      Abstract: Any powerful treatise comes from qualified enough evidence in Scientific Century 21th. Empirical research can supplement that lack of sufficient evidence to build stronger. There are many topics to discuss how important IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights) or ICs (Intellectual Property Rights Capital) are, but lack of advanced analysis for how separate countable IPRs affect SMEs in detail. We utilize 800 enterprises, which have a real trading record with company A from 1991 to 2017 and have paid tax to government, to analyze above problem through correlations, hypothesis and regression methods. The goal of this research is to supplement existing shortage evidence in details not to argue any questions for any researcher. We hope the outcome of this research can be a worthful and a better reference or guidance for those SMEs, or entrepreneurs, or managers, or government…etc. in the future. We know that power of life comes from the condition of Survival, at the same time, all continuous contribution of SMEs come from the condition of SMEs Survival, too. Here, the major goals of this study are how separate countable IPRs affects the condition of SMEs Survival to support those propositions, what emphasize the importance of IPRs. Finally, we suggest a guideline of IPRs investment priority sequence for those leaders or owners of entrepreneurs, SMEs…etc., who plan to make IPRs investment strategy decision.
      PubDate: 2018-04-22
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.3.1.8-22
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Communication and the Shaping of Human Personality; Deconstructing the
           Nature/Nurture Debate in Light of the Menace of Street Children in Nigeria
           

    • Authors: Kizito Ogedi Alakwe, Silk Ugwu Ogbu
      Pages: 23 - 33
      Abstract: At the core of the knowledge inquiry about behavioural differences is the nature versus nurture debate which has been central to the development of various theories of human personality. The metaphor of a pendulum, swinging back and forth between nature and nurture, has been used to depict the opinion of scholars and practitioners in the social sciences and psychology in this debate. Nature / Nurture debate seeks to proffer answers to the following questions: why do people differ significantly in temperament, approach to challenges and level of intelligence even when they are siblings sharing from the same pool of genes' The debate also seeks to understand why people with different genetic trait behave alike within a group. How does our physical environment affect human behaviour and what role does communication play in the development of human personality' In the context of street children in Nigeria, should we attribute human personality to nature or nurture' These are issues this paper seeks to deconstruct. Methodologically, the paper examines critical theories of human personality and utilises a mix of review of relevant literature, comments and observations to discuss the role of communication in the formation of human personality. It concludes that though nature contributes towards human behaviour and personality, communication, which is the tool that drives socialisation, is central to the development of personality among the street children of Calabar. Thus, if communication can influence personality negatively, then the street children of Calabar have a chance of being rehabilitated through a different kind of communication aimed at behaviour modification.
      PubDate: 2018-04-30
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.3.1.23-33
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparative Analysis of Household Energy Consumption in Ibadan Region; A
           Spatio-quantitative Approach

    • Authors: Oyeleke Oluwaseun Oyerinde
      Pages: 34 - 46
      Abstract: Understanding locational variations in household energy consumption is critical to ascertaining dichotomies of energy use, need and wellbeing. In recognition of this, the study compares quantities of household energy consumption among urban, peri-urban and rural areas in Ibadan region, Nigeria using Net Heating Value (NHV). It employs a stratified random sampling of 166 households across the three zones. Results show that electricity, majorly used for appliances is dominant in the urban in contrast to fuelwood at the peri-urban and rural areas where cooking is the major end use. Though the quantities of total household energy consumption do not vary significantly at p < .05, electricity consumption is however significantly higher in urban households than in peri-urban and rural households. The Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) indicate that socioeconomic characteristics significantly influenced the quantity of household energy consumption at the urban area only. Major variations between locations appear to be in energy types and end uses rather than quantity consumed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-09
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.3.1.34-46
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Integration of Audio-Visual and Traditional Practices for Effective
           Classroom Teaching

    • Authors: Deepika Singh, Mukul Kumar
      Pages: 47 - 49
      Abstract: Education is one of the principal buildings blocks of the civilization. Since many centuries, teaching has been extensively accepted as a Nobel profession. The expected duty of teachers is to deliver their best in receiving and conveying the information correctly to their students in class and they do. But, in the modern era, when the young generation is conquered by the technological advancements, implementation of innovative teaching practices may help to improve the education system and can enhance the learning potential. The present article focuses on the integration of traditional and audio-video teaching practices.
      PubDate: 2018-05-09
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.3.1.47-49
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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