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  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Case in a Boer Goat X Turkish Hair Goat

    • Authors: Gülşah AKGÜL
      Abstract: In this case report, it is intended to report the results of the clinical examination and microbiological analysisof Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection which was detected (determined) in a goat. At Goat Application andResearch Center at the University of Siirt, after the clinical examination carried out on a two-year-old female Boer goatx Turkish Hair goat crossbred, orange sized lymph nodes in a fluctuating viscosity were found in the right submandibularand left prescapular lymph nodules. Cream and slightly greenish malodorous content was taken from the lump frompuncture. Swab sample taken from the content was sent to the University of Uludag, Faculty of Veterinary, MicrobiologyLaboratory in Stuart transport medium by cold chain. Swabs were inoculated onto % 7 sheep blood agar, and incubatedat 37°C for 24-48 hours in both aerobic and microaerophilic conditions. After the microscopic morphology of thecolonies was examined, biochemical tests were performed according to the suspected factors and the isolate of suspectedbacteria was defined as Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis which was first isolated from Boer goat x TurkishHair goat crossbred.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • The Investigation of Helminth Infections in a Saanen Goats Farm in
           Afyonkarahisar Province

    • Authors: Feride Kırcalı SEVİMLİ
      Abstract: This study was carried out to detect helminth infections in a Saanen goats farm in Afyonkarahisar. Fecalsamples were collected from 187 goats (younger than one year old and female) and examined by sedimentation, flotationand Baermann Wetzel methods. The samples with strongylid eggs in faeces were cultured and the larvae wereidentified in the genus level. Faecal examination of goats revealed that 30 of the examined goats (16.04%) were positivefor various helminth species. Infections of Trichuris sp., Protostrongylus sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Moniezia sp. andMuellerius capillaris were detected as 12.29%, 3.74%, 1.60%, 1.06% and 0.53%, respectively in the examined goats.Until now, there have been no data on the prevalence of helminth infections goats in Afyonkarahisar province. Whenthe status of helminth infections in goats was evaluated in this study, it was concluded that the goat breeders shouldperform the helminthological examination periodically in these animals.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Pre-Analytical Phase in Veterinary Clinical Laboratories

    • Authors: Serkan SAYINER
      Abstract: According to “TS EN ISO 15189 Medical laboratories: Requirements for quality and competence", preanalyticalphase includes clinician’s patient identification, examination and determination of the test to be done in preparationfor the sampling, collection of samples, delivery to the laboratory and sample control prior to analyses for theevaluation of the desired test. In Veterinary Clinical Laboratories, pre-analytical phase mostly involves blood and urinesamples, and these samples are generally used for haematology, coagulation, biochemistry and cytology test parameters.This review is aimed to convey the latest information about error sources in Veterinary Clinical Laboratories.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Current Situation, Problems and Solutions for Beekeeping Sector in Turkey

    • Authors: Mustafa Bahadır Çevrimli
      Abstract: The beekeeping becomes a sector, which is developing and of which the economic return and productdiversity are increasing with each passing day in the world and Turkey. The beehive number and honey production hasincreasing every passing year but a decrease has been experienced in productivity. There are many technical andeconomic problems in beekeeping sector in Turkey, especially the low productivity. It is aimed by detecting the currentsituation and problems in beekeeping sector in Turkey via this study at offering solutions for the primary problems. Thesupport policies in the beekeeping sector in Turkey should have the quality to increase the competitive capacity in foreigntrade and also the productivity in production. In order to increase the incomes of the beekeeping enterprises, itsessential to provide the actual technical and financial support, product diversity to the enterprises and to activate thecooperatives for marketing.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • The Microbiological Quality of the Village and Market Eggs Sold at Retail
           in Nigde and Kayseri

    • Authors: Fulden Karadal
      Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to investigate the microbiological quality of market and village eggs. A total of 200eggs (100 market and 100 village) were randomly collected from different markets and village bazaars in Nigde andKayseri. Each egg shell and content were investigated for coliform, E. coli. Campylobacter spp., S. aureus, Salmonellaspp. and yeast- mold contaminations. None of the egg samples were contaminated with Campylobacter spp. and S.aureus while Salmonella spp. was determined in one sample (eggshell). In addition, it was determined that 27 (13.5%)egg shells and 6 (3%) egg contents were found contaminated with coliforms, where 12 (6%) and 31 (15.5%) of the eggshells were found contaminated with E. coli and yeast and mold respectively. Total coliform, E. coli and yeast- moldcounts were detected to range from 3.69 to 5.62 log cfu/mL, 3.35 to 3.55 log cfu/mL and 6.80 to 6.97 log cfu/mL, respectively.Obtained data revealed that the microbiological load on egg shells may lead to contaminations in refigeratorand kitchen environments while egg content contaminations may constitute a risk for public health through undercookedegg consumption. In conclusion, preventive measures must be taken to keep both market and village eggsunder +8 °C during storage, besides, producers and consumer’s awareness should be raised about the fact that egg isalso a risky food that must be kept cold.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Comparison of Serum IgG and Biochemical Parameters at the Postpartum
           Period in Dairy Cows and Heifers

    • Authors: Uğur AYDOĞDU
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the levels of serum IgG and biochemical parameters at the postpartumperiod in dairy cows and heifers. Blood samples were taken immediately after birth from 48 cows, includingtwenty-four heifers and 24 cows which experienced two or more deliveries. Serum IgG level was determined by ELISAmethod and macromineral and biochemical parameters by using autoanalyzer. When serum biochemical parametersand IgG levels of heifers and cows were compared; in heifers, serum ALP, LDH and phosphorus levels were significantlyhigher (P<0.05) and IgG and Mg levels were significantly lower (P<0.05). In conclusion, it is determined thatthere are significant differences in serum immunoglobulin G, macromineral and some biochemical parameters betweenheifer and cows at the postpartum period and that it would be useful to consider these changes in postpartum period indairy cows.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Thermographic Assessment of Extremity Temperature Alterations of Cases
           with Bucked Shin Complex, Splints, Carpal Osteoarthritis and Sesamoiditis
           in Sport Horses

    • Authors: Latif Emrah YANMAZ
      Abstract: This study was aimed to describe the extremity temperature alterations of horses with bucked shin complex,splints, carpal osteoarthritis and sesamoiditis. In this study, 27 race horses with different breed (24 Arabian, threeThoroughbred), sex (23 males, four mares) and age (avg. 3.5-year-old) were used. After thermographic and clinicalexaminations, cases with existence of inflammation were subjected to radiographic examination. Clinical, radiographicand thermographic findings revealed that five horses had carpal osteoarthritis, two horses had bucked shin complex,13 horses had splints, and seven cases had sesamoiditis. Medial aspects of carpus were 3-4˚C heater in carpal osteoarthritiscases compared to those of healthy carpus of same horses. The thermographic examination of bucked shincomplex revealed that in Grade 1 (n=1), there was a hot spot in dorsal aspect of metacarpus and these spots had 4˚Chigher temperature than that of normal control limb. The medial aspects of metacarpus was 1-2˚C warmer in splintcases compared to limb without lesions. The medial aspect of sesamoid bone was 6-7˚C warmer in medial sesamoiditiscases compared to normal limbs. In conclusion, the temperature of extremity tends to increase on the affected regionwhere the orthopaedic problem exists. Because thermography shows the localization of inflammation, it could beused as a supportive diagnostic method in orthopaedic problems of race horses which come out with inflammation.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • C-Reactive Protein and Serum Amyloid A in Male Dogs after Orchiectomy

    • Authors: Nejra Hadžimusić
      Abstract: The acute-phase response is considered part of the innate immune system. During acute phase response,concentrations of acute phase proteins occur. Therefore, acute-phase proteins are part of the innate immune responseand its biological function, although variable, generally relate to defense to pathological damage and restoration ofhomeostasis. Their levels fluctuate in response to inflammation and tissue injury. The main acute-phase proteins indogs are C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA). Surgical trauma has effect on many parts of immunologicaland hematological profile. The aim of this study was to determine the perioperative dynamics of CRP and SAAin male dogs undergoing elective orchiectomy. Blood samples were collectedby jugular venipuncture in the followingorder: before the surgery (day zero), on first (day one), third (day three) and seventh (day seven) postoperative day(POD). As markers of systemic inflammation, CRP and SAA levels was determined by ELISA using commercial kits.The study showed that the CRP and SAA changes rapidly. The peak CRP and SAA concentrations were detected onthe first day after surgery. Serum CRP concentration on the seventh postoperative day was within physiological ranges,while SAA concentration was significantly higher. In conclusion, SAA and CRP measurements above basal levelsare clearly indicative of systemic inflammation in dogs.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of the Bone Lesions in Lower
           Extremity and Foot Region in Draft Horses

    • Authors: Muharrem EROL
      Abstract: In this study; it is aimed to discuss the results, which are obtained from the evaluation of the lower extremityand foot region bone lesions in the horses, which are used in various qualities like cargo transportation and transportation,in the light of the literature. Radiography is one of the commonly used imaging techniques for diagnosis of bonelesions in horses. The radiography is one of the most commonly used imaging methods to determin bone lesions inhorses. In this study, we used 30 horses that work as an draft horses. After clinical examination and anamnesis of horses,radiographic exposures were made. All horses were taken x-ray for distal exstremities. Radiographic images wereanalyzed separately for each horses and all lesions were classified for localization and propert. All data were evaluatedby descriptive statistics. After radiological examination, we observed that 80% percent of horses had different lesionshowever, we did not observe any lesion for 20% percent of horses. 66.7% percent of horses had osteoarthritis,70.8% percent of horses had splint 50% percent of horse had sesamoiditis, 54.1% percent of horses had periostealbone formation. The distribution of the lesions in the front and hind extremity respectively, 12.5% and 8.3%. 79.2%percent of lesion were determined both front and hind extremity in our horses. Almost all lesions that were determinedwas chronic lesions. Challenges of working and living conditions was found to be effective for lesion procedure. As aresult, it has been understood all those welfare problems of heavy-duty horses need to be dealt.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the Presence of Salmonella spp. and Listeria
           monocytogenes in Bovine Origin Foods

    • Authors: Şebnem Pamuk
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the presence of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in200 bovine origin meat, milk and their products (minced meat, meatball, Inegöl meatball, sausage, pasteurized milk,Tulum cheese, fresh soft cheese and cecil cheese). Salmonella were isolated from 66 (33%) of 200 samples. While 45(22.5%) of which were obtained from meat origin samples (16 minced meat, 10 inegöl meatball, 16 meatball and 3sausage) and 21 (10.5%) of which was detected in cheese samples (6 tulum and 15 fresh soft cheeses). L. monocytogeneswas detected in a total 6 samples (3%); 2 (1%) of the meat (one ground beef and one meatball) and 4 (2%) ofthe cheese samples (one tulum and 3 fresh soft cheeses). In contrast, Salmonella spp. or L. monocytogenes was notdetected in pasteurized milk and sausage samples. The high prevalence of Salmonella spp. and presence of L. monocytogenesin the samples could pose public health risks for consumers. To avoid Salmonella spp. and L. monocytogenescontamination, hygienic rules of slaughter and meat processing or pasteurizing milk must be rigorously observed.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • Production of Traditional Yoghurt Using Starter Culture Obtained from

    • Authors: Zafer GONULALAN
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to use Lactobacillus paraplantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subs.cremoris to obtain koumiss and practice them in preparation of yoghurt. Twenty five samples of koumiss bought fromdifferent places of Kyrgyzstan were used to obtain Lactobacillus paraplantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subs.cremoris. Standard microbiological methods were conducted for isolation of starter culture microorganisms. Identificationprocess was performed with characterizing by Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectroscopy(MALDI-TOF MS). The obtained starter culture microorganisms were used in preparation of yoghurt according to thetraditional method of yoghurt production. Produced yoghurt samples and control group were exposed to sensorialanalysis. Sensorial and physical properties of yoghurt prepared by using the isolated strains from koumiss were notfound to be significantly different from commercial yogurt in statistical analyses. In conclusion, it was seen that starterculture obtained from koumiss can be used in production of yoghurt and also received results can be used as a basefor investigations on using culture microorganisms obtained from koumiss in production of different types of dairy products.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect on Serum Mineral Levels of Acute Septic Mastitis and Clinical
           Mastitis in Cows

    • Authors: Mushap KURU
      Abstract: The purpose of thisstudy is to identify serum Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu and Fe levels in cows withacute septic mastitis (ASM) and clinical mastitis (CM). The study consisted 80cows between the ages of three and five in four groups (ASM, n=20; CM, n=20;Control-1 C1=20, healthy cows, together with ASM or CM cows; Control-2, C2=20,healthy cows, without ASM or CM cows). Serum Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu and Felevels were determined by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The Mglevels were lower in the ASM group compared to C1 and C2 groups (P<0.05, andP<0.001 respectively). Zn levels in the ASM and CM animals were lower thanthose in control groups (P<0.01). Fe concentrations that of the ASM groupwere found to be statistically lower than in the other groups (P<0.001). Theglutaraldehyde (GLA) test was positive in the ASM and CM groups but negative inthe control groups. In conclusion, lower levels of Mg, Zn and Fe were found withacute septic mastitis. In clinical mastitis, on the other hand, only the Mg andZn levels were low. Na, K, Ca and Cu values were not affected. It may also bebeneficial to apply minerals such as Mg, Zn and Fe in mastitis treatment.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effects of Dexamethasone on Claudin Tight Junction proteins in 18-day
           Embryonic Chick Intestine

    • Authors: Özkan ÖZDEN
      Abstract: Claudin (cldn) protein family is the main componentof tight junction (TJ) strands and it is directly involved in the barrier functionof TJs. In addition to the contributing to the barrier function of TJs inmature tissues, these junctions are also present and required for normalembryonic development of epithelial sheets. Glucocorticoids (GC) are essentialfor the maturation of numerous tissues including the intestine during embryonicdevelopment. They also have stimulatory effects on the integrity of tightjunctions. In this study, the effect of a synthetic glucocorticoid,dexamethasone (DEX) on mRNA expression of tight junctional proteins wasinvestigated in 18-day embryonic chick intestine in vitro using quantitativeReal-Time PCR (RT-PCR) analyses. Pre-hatched chick intestine will provide aconvenient model because the organization of the barrier is not completelyestablished, and it is relatively easy to maintain its morphological integrityfor at least 24 hours in an organ culture system. RT-PCR analyses revealed thatboth claudin-3 (cldn-3) and claudin-5 (cldn-5) tight junction gene expressionswere induced in response to DEX in a dose dependent manner. 
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
  • The Determination of Carcass Composition in Herik Lambs under Intensive
           Finishing Conditions

    • Authors: Bülent TEKE
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify some carcass characteristics of Herik lambs under intensive conditions.In this study, data on 20 single-born male Herik lambs, namely 10 with short, round, fat tail, and 10 with long,semi-fat tails, were used. The lambs were finished after weaning, and were slaughtered when their weights reached to40 kg Carcasses were split to cuts. The carcass joints were dissected as meat, bone and fat. The ratios of meat, boneand fat were 56.2, 15.15 and 28.8% for leg, 61.14, 2.79 and 18.14% for foreleg, 46.64, 15.21 and 38.36% for loin in thestudy. The difference between ratio of meat, bone in loin and in carcass was no significant (P>0.05). In conclusion,some of the carcass composition characteristics of Herik lambs were determined in present study. More studies shouldbe done for the determination and the development of characteristics of Herik lambs, a native and local breed in Turkey,because of less study was available.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
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