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Tijdschrift voor Filosofie
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ISSN (Print) 1370-575X - ISSN (Online) 2031-8952
Published by Peeters Publishers Homepage  [62 journals]
  • Werken bij de redactie ingekomen
    • Authors:
      Abstract: Books received
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:25:56 GMT
  • Algemene kroniek
    • Authors:
      Abstract: Chronicle
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:25:44 GMT
  • Boekbesprekingen
    • Authors:
      Abstract: Book reviews
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:25:21 GMT
  • Jean-Luc Nancy over seks en wetenschap
    • Authors:
      Abstract: This contribution contains an interview with Jean-Luc Nancy on sex, sexuality, psychoanalysis, art, science, and technology.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:24:59 GMT
  • Hij of het (ding) denkt, niet ik
    • Authors:
      Abstract: In this article we will offer a critical discussion of Frith’s self-monitoring theory as a neurocognitive explanation of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHS) in schizophrenia. First, the extrapolation of self-monitoring models from movement to thought is discussed and questioned. We will argue that Frith’s model suffers from both an infinite regress and/or an inability to account for the process of thinking. Next, the phenomenological description of avhs as a disturbance of self-agency is reconsidered both on philosophical and empirical grounds. Finally, some suggestions are made for future explanatory models starting from a revised description of AVHS as a disturbance in identification.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:23:54 GMT
  • Apis, Philoxène, Sardanapale et Smindyride
    • Authors:
      Abstract: This study mainly aims at showing that intemperance is a radical vice. The explanation rests upon the characteristics given by Aristotle in both Ethics: intemperance is brutish, slavish, childish, gross, and sluggish, as specific examples emphasize. The second section highlights the importance of the corresponding virtue of temperance, and the concluding section comments on the perfect opposition between these two states.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:22:08 GMT
  • Teksten bekleed met autoriteit
    • Authors:
      Abstract: ‘Authority’ is a term widely used in scholarly debate, including the history of philosophy. However, what is meant by this term is not always clear and the concept is not very well defined. One reason for this is certainly that the phenomenon itself is complex and the corresponding terms are used with a degree of latitude. This makes it difficult to adequately compare and connect the insights that various case studies have to offer. For historians of philosophy, it is thus important to get a sufficient grasp of the concept of authority. This is even more urgent when one studies commentary traditions, in which secondary texts are written in virtue of the existence of texts clad with high authority. Our article combines historical textual research with insights from epistemology, thus providing a discussion of the concept of authority and its importance in textual traditions. We propose a descriptive model that can be used for examining epistemic authority in historical texts. An example from ancient Platonism serves to show both the complexity of the phenomenon and the clarifications that our approach may offer.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:20:14 GMT
  • Thomas van Aquino, niet-normale modale logica's en het probleem van
           toekomstige contingenties
    • Authors:
      Abstract: Thomas Aquinas maintained that God foreknows future contingent events and that his foreknowledge does not entail that they are necessarily the case. More specifically, he stated that if God knows a future contingent event, this future contingent event will be necessarily the case de sensu composito, but not de sensu diviso. After emphasizing the unified nature of Aquinas’ notion of necessity, we propose an interpretation of his theses by restating them within the framework of non-normal modal logics. In this framework, the K-axiom does not hold, i.e. the necessity operator does not distribute over the material implication. Moreover, assuming that Aquinas rejected the K-axiom is not only consistent, but also leads to a logical framework that allows us to understand other theses maintained by the Doctor Angelicus. In particular, we argue that Aquinas’ remarks on the principle of non-contradiction rest on an impossible worlds semantics for non-normal modal logics.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:18:20 GMT
  • Zelfpredicatie
    • Authors:
      Abstract: The focus of the article is the self-predication principle, according to which the/a such-and-such is such-and-such. We consider contemporary approaches (Frege, Russell, Meinong) to the self-predication principle, as well as fourteenth-century approaches (Burley, Ockham, Buridan). In crucial ways, the Ockham-Buridan view prefigures Russell’s view, and Burley’s view shows a striking resemblance to Meinong’s view. In short the Russell-Ockham-Buridan view holds: no existence, no truth. The Burley-Meinong view holds, in short: intelligibility suffices for truth. Both views approach self-predication in a uniform way. We were unable to find a medieval philosopher who, like Frege, approaches self-predication in a non-uniform way. We do not want to dispute that there are also considerable differences between the contemporary and the fourteenth-century approach to self-predication. Importantly, fourteenth-century accounts of self-predication rely strongly on the identity theory of predication, and this theory is not endorsed by contemporary philosophers of language. Nevertheless, some basic tenets seem to us to be clearly shared between fourteenth-century and contemporary thinkers.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:16:26 GMT
  • De logische geometrie van Johannes Buridanus' modale achthoek
    • Authors:
      Abstract: In order to elucidate his logical analysis of modal quantified propositions (e.g. ‘all men are necessarily mortal’), the 14th century philosopher John Buridan constructed a modal octagon of oppositions. In the present paper we study this modal octagon from the perspective of contemporary logical geometry. We argue that the modal octagon contains precisely six squares of opposition as subdiagrams, and classify these squares based on their logical properties. On a more abstract level, we show that Buridan’s modal octagon precisely captures the interaction between two classical squares of opposition, viz. one for the quantifiers and one for the modalities. Finally, we argue that several aspects of our contemporary formal analyses were already hinted at by Buridan himself.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:14:10 GMT
  • Voorwoord
    • Authors:
      Abstract: Introduction
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 10:13:15 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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