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Soshum : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2088-2262 - ISSN (Online) 2580-5622
Published by Politeknik Negeri Bali Homepage  [6 journals]
  • A Study of Wetu Telu Syncretism in Lombok: Socio-Religious Approach

    • Authors: I Wayan Wirata
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Wetu Telu is a syncretism of belief prevalent in West Lombok region. Danghyang Dwijendra from Daha in East Java region is regarded as the founder of the Watu Telu cult. He came to the Island of Lombok to teach enlightenment. One of the Ashram where he developed Hindu teaching and religion was Suranadi, a beautiful holy place. That Ashram was encircled by holy water, which currently can still be used by the Hindu devotees in performing their sacred sacrifice (yajnya). This study is aimed at knowing social and religious aspects of Wetu Telu as cultural heritage. The data is obtained through literature review and in-depth interview with public figures. From the data analysis, it is obtained that the history and social background of the Sasak people who inhabit the island is a mix of ethnic groups and culture. With this background, Wetu Telu which is also the syncretism of Hindu, Buddha, Islam, and local culture has a composite nature by taking only important matters without leaving its original teaching. Wetu Telu is considered to be Lombok Hindu teaching; and Wetu Telu is as inseparable part of holy pilgrimage (dharma yatra) of Danghyang Nirartha to Lombok in giving enlightenment and spiritual happiness to the people of Lombok. With the existence of Wetu Telu, a new culture and identity is built. The interaction amongst different culture, religion, and ancestral custom stimulates the emergence of a new culture as a part of diffusion process, acculturation, and cultural adaptation in literature, art, as well as theology.
      PubDate: 2018-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Spa Products as Main Orientation in Wellness Tourism in Bali

    • Authors: I Gusti Made Wendri, Nyoman Mastiani Nadra, Ni Luh Eka Armoni
      Pages: 9 - 22
      Abstract: Wellness Spa is developed from conventional spa in response to the influence of the present tourism trend which is much in demand of the achievement of wellness aspect of life. Wellness tourism is a subdivision of health tourism. Wellness spa is the core product for wellness tourism. In fact, to date, people’s knowledge about wellness spa is still poor. This fact has motivated the implementation of this research under the title “Spa Products as Main Orientation in Wellness Tourism in Bali”. The objective of the research is to find out what products becomes the orientation in wellness tourism in Ubud as well as in South Badung. This qualitative research uses a phenomenological approach to the study. The determination of the informants is purposively done, and the information concerning the object of the research is obtained by deep interview controlled by a checklist based on Wellness Wheel concept. The location of the research is Ubud and South Badung areas, the latter represented by Nusa Dua, Jimbaran, and Kuta. The research uses 10 informants, 5 from Ubud and 5 from South Badung. The informants include spa managers and spa therapists. The result of the research shows that such packages as Bali spa ritual package, personal growth, and eco-adventure package become the most attractive products offered by wellness tourism industry and enjoyed by the tourists for the fulfilment of the tourists' wellness needs.    
      PubDate: 2018-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Influence of Infrastructure Management on Sports Development at State
           Polytechnics in Bandung

    • Authors: Dede Sujana
      Pages: 23 - 32
      Abstract: Polytechnic as a higher educational institution trains students to be capable of becoming independent human. It is also responsible for equipping students with competence to compete in the workplace. Sport serves as a means of character and life skills development in students. It is well supported by the infrastructure management in Polytechnic.  Based on the formulation of the problem mentioned above, the general purpose of this study is to determine the effect of infrastructure management on sports development in the State Polytechnic of Bandung. This study employed quantitative approach with survey method to obtain data from questionnaires and physical fitness test. The participants of the study are 77 students from two state polytechnics in Bandung. The result from data processing and analysis showed that 95.7% of sports participation rate is influenced by infrastructure management and the rest of 4.35 is influenced by other unexplainable variables, which means that facility and infrastructure management give positive influence on sports participation.   In addition, other results showed that 93.0% of physical fitness figures are influenced by infrastructure management and 7.0% is influenced by other unexplainable variable, which means that infrastructure gives significant influence on physical fitness. It shows that if sports infrastructure is managed well, then it will greatly influence sports development.      
      PubDate: 2018-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Business Incubators Support College Performance

    • Authors: I Ketut Sutama, I Ketut Pasek, I Gede Mudana
      Pages: 33 - 42
      Abstract: Business incubators have a very important role in developing entrepreneurship, since it gives large opportunity to its participants to develop their business skill during incubation. The Indonesian government today provides a major boost to the development of business incubators in universities or other form of higher education institutions. The purpose of this research is to analyze the validation of the establishment of business incubator in colleges. In Ministerial Regulation (Permen) Minister of Cooperation and Small Medium Entrepreneurship the Republic of Indonesia No. 24/2015 explained that the head of the university, the Rector or the Director may issue a business incubators license. Thus, internal validation can be done by university or college management through the issuance of Decree (SK) Establishment complete with personnel appointed as manager. Furthermore, the college, has to provide a place or room consisting of office space, tenant room at least 3, discussion room 1, and tenant production display room. External validation is carried out by tenants through their success of becoming independent businessmen after being forged or incubated in a business incubator for a maximum of 3 years in one incubation period.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Tourist Perception and Satisfaction on Food and Environment in Nusa Dua
           Tourism Area

    • Authors: Dewa Made Suria Antara, Ni Nyoman Triyuni, Ni Gst Nym Suci Murni
      Pages: 43 - 50
      Abstract: The tourism industry is strongly influenced by the perception and satisfaction of tourists towards a destination. Perception is considered in conjunction with dynamic tourist expectations and perceptions. They are changing, so it is important to measure the tourist perception routinely. Perception is used as a base by travellers for assessing the quality of services rendered to them. This study aims at assessing the perception of tourists to some of the attributes of the Nusa Dua Tourism area and measuring tourist satisfaction against some of these attributes. The attributes to be measured are: environment and food. This research is a quantitative research. It employs questionnaires to collect data. Data were collected from 280 respondents who were selected through random sampling. The descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and average) and Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) are employed to determine the perception and satisfaction of tourists towards the attributes of environmental and food at the Nusa Dua Tourism area. The result showed that Nusa Dua area management had provided excellent service to the two attributes and had considered them as important components in delivering satisfaction with their visit in Nusa Dua tourism area. The findings, from a marketing perspective is as a basis for the management of the Nusa Dua Tourism area in making policies for the improvement of the region, especially in meeting the tourists’ perception and satisfaction.  
      PubDate: 2018-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Verb Formations in Muara Bungo Language: Morphological Review on Rantau
           Pandan Dialect

    • Authors: Vera Magria, Asridayani Asridayani
      Pages: 51 - 60
      Abstract: A verb is a language element used by the community in communication. There are various verbs formation applied in Muara Bungo especially Rantau Pandan dialect, like adding affixes to the verb and the processes occurred to the verb itself. In this study, the authors focused on verbs formation derived from nouns and adjectives. The process of affixation includes derivative and inflective affixes. For the data collection, the author applied listening and interview methods. The process of verb formation occurred on nouns and adjectives in speech or lingual data obtained were then analyzed and determined by applying translational analysis method. The verb formation process would be clearer when classes of the words found had been classified. The researcher found the verbs formation was from the process that occurred at the time of the formation of the verb. The affixation process in this study includes derivative and inflective affixes. The affixes are functioned for forming nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and numbers. The prefix ber- has form variations like ba- and be-. Prefix ma- has form variations like mang- and meny-. Prefix n- has form variations such as n- and ng- forms. The prefix te- has form variations such as ta-, tany-.
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Tourism and Foreign Language Training for Local Merchants and Guides in
           Penglipuran Tourism Village of Bangli Regency

    • Authors: Dian Pramita Sugiarti, Ni Made Verayanti Utami, Kadek Apriliani
      Pages: 61 - 71
      Abstract: Community service in form of practical tourism and foreign language training for local merchants and guides in Penglipuran tourist village, Bangli regency was aimed at improving the knowledge of Japanese tourism and vocabulary and English in accordance with the appropriate grammar. The targets in this training were local merchants and guides in Penglipuran village who had less knowledge about tourism and the proper usage of foreign language. Not only the training of tourism and practical foreign languages, local merchants and guides were also given knowledge about the characteristics of domestic and international tourists, as well as ways of serving the tourists in accordance with the agreed standards. The special target of this dedication was to find a social formula to solve the problems that occurred in the tourist village of Penglipuran. The fostering system implemented so far was less effective so that it led to a decline in knowledge about tourism and foreign languages for local merchants and guides who were the tourism actors expected to provide correct information to the tourists. If this was left unchecked, the number of tourist arrivals and local merchants and guides who had international standard capability would continue to decrease annually. The method of devotion used was the workshop and FGD so that the results of teaching could be understood by Penglipuran village management to continue to conduct trainings that educate local merchants and guides.
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Improving Students' Speaking Ability through Scaffolding Technique

    • Authors: Gede Ginaya, I Nyoman Rajin Aryana, Ni Putu Somawati
      Pages: 72 - 85
      Abstract: Students often got confused and felt hesitant when they speak English. This situation had caused poor speaking ability, which then lead to serious problem in the teaching-learning process.  The application of scaffolding technique in the EFL learning might be the ideal solution; it had some principles that could improve the students’ speaking ability. This research is aimed at finding out the effect of the implementing Scaffolding Technique towards the students’ speaking ability. Participants were 50 (27 males and 23 females) third-semester students, enrolled in a three-year diploma program in Travel and Tourism Business, State Polytechnic of Bali in 2017/2018 academic year. The students in the experimental group were given communicative activities such as brainstorming, business games, simulation, WebQuest, problem-solving, which were carefully designed to necessitate the implementation of the scaffolding technique. The students in the control group were taught by the deductive method of the lesson book. The students’ performance in the post-test was compared for both groups in order to determine whether there were significant differences between the groups in relation to the treatment. Significant differences occurring in the experimental group’s post-test speaking performance when compared to the pre-test indicate that the implementation of scaffolding technique can improve students’ speaking ability. The result of this study indicates scaffolding technique has the potential for use in promoting students’ speaking ability
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Employing Picture Description to Assess the Students' Descriptive
           Paragraph Writing

    • Authors: Ida Ayu Mega Cahyani, Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra, I Gusti Agung Putri Wirastuti
      Pages: 86 - 93
      Abstract: Writing is considered as an important skill in learning process which is needed to be mastered by the students. However, in teaching learning process at schools or universities, the assessment of writing skill is not becoming the focus of learning process and the assessment is administered inappropriately. In this present study, the researcher undertook the study which dealt with assessing descriptive paragraph writing ability of the students through picture description by employing an ex post facto as the research design. The present study was intended to answer the research problem dealing with the extent of the students’ achievement of descriptive paragraph writing ability which is assessed through picture description. The samples under the study were 40 students determined by means of random sampling technique with lottery system. The data were collected through administering picture description as the research instrument. The obtained data were analyzed by using norm-reference measure of five standard values. The results of the data analysis showed that there were 67.50% samples of the study were successful in writing descriptive paragraph, while there were 32.50% samples were unsuccessful in writing descriptive paragraph which was assessed by administering picture description test
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Avoiding Plagiarism in Writing a Research Paper

    • Authors: Majid Wajdi, I Made Sumartana, Ni Putu Dyah Hudiananingsih
      Pages: 94 - 102
      Abstract: This paper discusses how to avoid plagiarism in a research paper. Avoiding plagiarism is part of a scientific writing ethic that always stated in any publication. Every writer should pay attention to their papers submitted to a journal or a scientific forum that they are free from unethical conduct. Writing a research paper needs overall accuracy especially in avoiding plagiarism in the paper that is to be published in a journal or to be presented at a certain scientific meeting, seminar or symposium. It is based on writers’ experience as a paper writer as well as a journal reviewer. The first application that the writers use is ‘checker’, a Mac computer application, used to check spelling and grammar. It assists the writers to check how misspelling and an ungrammatical inaccuracy in the writers’ papers. The second free application is ‘plagiarism checker’. Checking originality of a paper is essential and it is not too difficult to do today. It is freely accessible that plagiarism checker can be used to check how original the paper is. By visiting “Google” then write down ‘plagiarism checker’, it will appear ‘smallseatools’ and then the writers could choose and check how original the paper is. This application is freely accessed and helps immensely to check how original a paper is and how far a paper is free from plagiarism. The unoriginal phrase will be underlined and marked red and finally will be shown how inimitable the paper is. Plagiarism scan report which consists of the date of the report, plagiarism status, total words and total characters can be downloaded.
      PubDate: 2018-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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