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Journal Cover Environment, Development and Sustainability
  [SJR: 0.419]   [H-I: 29]   [30 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2975 - ISSN (Online) 1387-585X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2334 journals]
  • A situational analysis of Cameroon’s Technical Operation Units
           (TOUs) in the context of the landscape approach: critical issues and
           perspectives
    • Authors: Eugene L. Chia; Richard Kankeu Sufo
      Pages: 951 - 964
      Abstract: Abstract The integrated landscape approach is re-emerging in the global agenda as an approach which can give a fair deal to landscape functions such as climate change response, biodiversity conservation, food security, poverty reduction and economic growth. However, transformational change might be required to enable landscapes respond to these different functions. This is due to the sensitive nature of landscapes to local, national and global economic, social and political drivers. Based on national policy instruments, this paper presents a situational analysis of the landscape concept in Cameroon, operationalized as Technical Operation Units (TOUs) and in the context of the present institutional, social, economic and political features, it examines the rationale for a landscape approach in Cameroon. We notice potential trade-offs, indicating that the landscape approach is an opportunity for TOUs in Cameroon. Firstly, TOUs are characterized by multiple resource regimes with overlapping claims each having a legal land allocation and management plan. Secondly, TOUs are characterized by different stakeholders, with different land-use interests and motives, each controlling key components in the landscapes. Thirdly, the interests and motives of stakeholders overlap spatially and are connected to different sectoral policies at the national level. This setting might threaten decision making and the sustainability potentials of landscapes. Nonetheless, we propose areas for in-depth studies to generate knowledge and information to orientate win–win policy construction for landscapes. This is relevant for the social, ecological and economic objectives that underpin the sustainable development goals proposed in the post-2015 development agenda.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9688-0
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Understanding determinants of farmers’ investments in sustainable
           land management practices in Ethiopia: review and synthesis
    • Authors: Zenebe Adimassu; Simon Langan; Robyn Johnston
      Pages: 1005 - 1023
      Abstract: Abstract Although there has been several efforts made to reduce land degradation and improve land productivity in Ethiopia, farmers’ investments in sustainable land management (SLM) remain limited. Nevertheless, the results regarding determinants of farmers’ investments in SLM have been inconsistent and scattered. Moreover, these factors have not been reviewed and synthesized. Hence this paper reviews and synthesizes past research in order to identify determinants that affect farmers’ investments in SLM practices and thereby facilitate policy prescriptions to enhance adoption in Ethiopia, East Africa and potentially wider afield. The review identifies several determinants that affect farmers’ investments in SLM practices. These determinants are generally categorized into three groups. The first group is those factors that are related to farmers’ capacity to invest in SLM practices. The results show that farmers’ investments in SLM practices are limited by their limited capacity to invest in SLM. The second groups of factors are related to farmers’ incentives for investments in SLM practices. Farmers’ investments in SLM are limited due to restricted incentives from their investments related to land improvement. The third groups of factors are external factors beyond the control of farmers. The review also shows that farmers’ capacities to invest in SLM and their incentives from investments have been influenced by external factors such as institutional support and policies. This suggests that creating enabling conditions for enhancing farmers’ investment capacities in SLM and increasing the range of incentives from their investment is crucial to encourage wide-scale adoption of SLM practices.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9683-5
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Erratum to: Understanding determinants of farmers’ investments in
           sustainable land management practices in Ethiopia: review and synthesis
    • Authors: Zenebe Adimassu; Simon Langan; Robyn Johnston
      Pages: 1025 - 1025
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9695-1
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Ecological clusters as a tool of improving the environmental safety in
           developing countries
    • Authors: E. G. Popkova; L. S. Shakhovskaya; S. A. Abramov; A. S. Natsubidze
      Pages: 1049 - 1057
      Abstract: Abstract The article is devoted to the research of ecological clusters as a tool of improving the ecological safety in developing countries. The authors offer to use a specifically developed methodology for determining the level of ecological security in developing countries. Formation of a city skeleton on the basis of ecological clusters, generated on the basis of biologically active natural complex, is offered. We offer the methodology of introduction of the cluster organization of the city environment with introduction models on the example of the city of Volgograd of the Russian Federation.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9685-3
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • The impact of farmers’ participation in field trials in creating
           awareness and stimulating compliance with the World Health
           Organization’s farm-based multiple-barrier approach
    • Authors: Owusu Amponsah; Vigre Håkan; Torben Wilde Schou; Imoro Braimah; Robert Clement Abaidoo
      Pages: 1059 - 1079
      Abstract: Abstract The results of a study aimed as assessing the extent to which urban vegetable farmers’ participation in field trials can impact on their awareness and engender compliance with the World Health Organization’s farm-based multiple-barrier approach are presented in this paper. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches have been used in this paper. One hundred vegetable farmers and four vegetable farmers’ associations in the Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana were covered. The individual farmers were grouped into two, namely: (1) participants and (2) non-participants of the farm-based multiple-barrier approach field trials. The results of the study show that participation in the field trials has statistically significant effects on farmers’ awareness of the farm-based multiple-barrier approach. Compliance has, however, been undermined by the farmers’ perception that the cost of compliance is more that the benefits. Policy tools that can address these constraints have been recommended in the paper.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9686-2
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Vietnam’s seafood boom: Economic growth with impoverishment?
    • Authors: Melissa Marschke; Gordon Betcherman
      Pages: 1129 - 1150
      Abstract: Abstract By 2050 most seafood will be sourced through aquaculture, with a range of production intensities being required to sustain livelihoods and to meet future needs from seafood. This makes Vietnam a particularly insightful case, since Vietnam is at the forefront of the trend toward greater aquaculture production. Our aim in this paper is to examine the social-ecological sustainability of small producer livelihoods contributing to Vietnam’s seafood boom. This paper uses original survey data to understand the range of fishery-based livelihoods that have contributed to Vietnam being a leading global exporter of seafood. We investigate the kinds of fishery-based livelihood activities that households are engaged in, consider the type and amount (kilograms) of species caught or farmed annually, and examine household perceptions’ of change in species quantity. We find that Vietnam’s seafood sector is facing real sustainability challenges: Nearly 30 % of small producers—fishers and fish farmers—within our sample rest at or below Vietnam’s rural poverty line. Ecological decline and disease in farmed fish is perceived to be a serious issue for all fishers. In this context, policy and management interventions need to better reflect social and ecological variability, adopt an integrated coastal systems perspective across fisheries and aquaculture, and consider the most impact-effective poverty interventions.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9692-4
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Solar-driven technology for freshwater production from atmospheric air by
           using the composite desiccant material “CaCl 2 /floral foam”
    • Authors: Manoj Kumar; Avadhesh Yadav
      Pages: 1151 - 1165
      Abstract: Abstract In this communication, experiments have been performed to check the capability of the newly formed composite desiccant material (CaCl2/floral) for the extraction of freshwater from atmospheric air. Three numbers of solar glass desiccant box type system (SGDBS) with a captured area of 0.36 m2 each, have been used. The design parameters for the water production are height of glass from desiccant bed at 0.22 m, inclination in angle as 30°, the effective thickness of glass as 3 mm and number of glazing as single. The maximum yield by the new composite desiccant material is 0.35 ml/cm3/day. The efficiency of the system SGDBS with 37 % concentration of CaCl2 is 76.44 %.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9693-3
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Farmers perception and awareness of climate change: a case study from
           Kanchandzonga Biosphere Reserve, India
    • Authors: Gopal Shukla; Ashok Kumar; Nazir A. Pala; Sumit Chakravarty
      Pages: 1167 - 1176
      Abstract: Abstract This study was an attempt to document the indigenous Lepcha people’s perception on climate change-related issues in five villages of Dzongu Valley located in Kanchandzonga Biosphere Reserve, India. Personal structured questionnaire was used for interview of 300 households selected randomly. Results showed that 85 % of the households have perceived climate change, mainly in the form of increasing temperature and unpredictable pattern of rainfall. In terms of climate change-related events, 75 % of the households believed that wind is becoming warmer and stronger over the past years. Majority of the households have observed changes in crop phenology, while about 90 % agreed that the incidences of insect pest and diseases have increased over the years, especially in their large cardamom crop. A comparison of community perceptions, climatic observations and scientific literature shows that the community have correctly perceived temperature change, unpredictable occurrence of rainfall and increased incidence of insect pest and diseases, which have largely influenced the experiences and perceptions regarding climate-related events. Results reveal that households have adopted the use of locally available material as mulches against soil erosion, to conserve the soil moisture and manage soil temperature. Majority of the households have diversified their cropping system through traditional agroforestry systems and intercropping. Unfortunately, most of the households were unaware about the scientific sustainable approaches to combating impact of climate change. This documentation will aid in assessing the needs in terms of actions and information for facilitating climate change-related adaptation locally in Sikkim state of India.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9694-2
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Farming adaptation to environmental change in coastal Bangladesh: shrimp
           culture versus crop diversification
    • Authors: Md. Jahangir Kabir; Rob Cramb; Mohammad Alauddin; Christian Roth
      Pages: 1195 - 1216
      Abstract: Abstract Farming in coastal Bangladesh includes rice/shrimp and rice/non-rice cropping systems. The former has been highly profitable but has exacerbated salinization of soil and water. We evaluate the relative profitability, riskiness, and sustainability of the two cropping systems, using data from two coastal villages in Khulna District. Shrimp cultivation was initially very rewarding. However, over 12–15 years, the cropping system experienced declining profitability, increased salinity, and adverse impacts on rice cropping and the local environment. From 2009, farmers adapted the system by changing the pond (gher) infrastructure, adopting delayed planting of a saline-tolerant rice cultivar, flushing out accumulated salt with freshwater during rice cropping, and allowing the soil to dry out after harvesting rice. The budgeting results show that with current management practices, the rice/shrimp system is economically more viable (higher returns to land and labour and less risky) than the rice/non-rice system. Soil analyses showed that while salinity was higher in the gher during the dry season, it was significantly reduced in the wet season and was very similar between the two systems (1–2 dS/m). Hence, as well as being more profitable and less risky, the rice/shrimp system may well be more sustainable than previously observed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9697-z
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Income sources and inequality among ethnic minorities in the Northwest
           region, Vietnam
    • Authors: Tran Quang Tuyen
      Pages: 1239 - 1254
      Abstract: Abstract This study analyzes the sources of income inequality among ethnic minorities in the Northwest region—the poorest and highest inequality region of Vietnam. Using an analysis of Gini decomposition by income source, the results show that while agricultural income, notably crop income, considerably decreases income inequality, off-farm income sources (wage and non-farm self-employment incomes) are found to increase inequality. This can be explained that in comparison with other income sources, agricultural income is more equally distributed and the main income source for most poor households. However, off-farm income sources are more unequally distributed and flow disproportionately toward the better-off. The findings support the hypothesis that income diversification in non-farm activities results in either greater inequality if opportunities for these activities are skewed toward to the better-off or less inequality if such opportunities are accessible to the poorer part of the population.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9700-8
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Fishers’ perceptions of climate change, impacts on their livelihoods
           and adaptation strategies in environmental change hotspots: a case of Lake
           Wamala, Uganda
    • Authors: Laban Musinguzi; Jackson Efitre; Konstantine Odongkara; Richard Ogutu-Ohwayo; Fredrick Muyodi; Vianny Natugonza; Mark Olokotum; Sharon Namboowa; Shamim Naigaga
      Pages: 1255 - 1273
      Abstract: Abstract Fisheries resources support livelihoods of fishing communities but are threatened by over-exploitation, habitat degradation, pollution, invasive species and climate change. Unlike the other threats, climate change has received limited consideration and reducing its risks requires appropriate adaptation strategies. This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to generate knowledge on fishers’ perceptions of climate change, changes in climate variables and their impacts on livelihoods, adaptation strategies, constraints to adaptation and required interventions to promote adaptation strategies that would enable fishers to build resilience to sustain their livelihoods. We found that fishers were aware of changes in climate conditions manifested by unpredictable seasons, floods and droughts. Fishing remained the main livelihood activity. However, the dominance of fishes had changed from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) to the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell). Floods and droughts were associated with damage to gears, boats, landing sites and changes in fish catches and sizes, income from fishing and fish consumption. The fishers adapted by increasing time on fishing grounds and changing target species and fishing gear among other things. Some innovative fishers diversified to high-value crops and livestock. This increased their income beyond what was solely earned from fishing which provided an incentive for some of them to quit fishing. Livelihood diversification was enhanced by use of communications technology, membership of social groups, increasing fishing days and fishing experience. Adaptation was, however, constrained by limited credit, awareness and access to land, which require interventions such as improving access to credit, irrigation facilities, appropriate planting materials and awareness raising. We identified adaptation strategies, which if promoted and their constraints addressed, could increase resilience of fishers to the influence of climate change and sustain their livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9690-6
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Energy and environment: bringing together engineering and economics
    • Authors: Paula Ferreira; Madalena Araújo; Luc Hens
      PubDate: 2016-08-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9846-z
       
  • Environmental sustainability practices in South Asian university campuses:
           an exploratory study on Bangladeshi universities
    • Authors: Asadul Hoque; Amelia Clarke; Tunazzina Sultana
      Abstract: Abstract Environmental sustainability practices in universities can play an important role in helping society form a sustainable future. In this study, the roles that Bangladeshi universities play in terms of sustainability practices on their campuses are scrutinized, as well as the challenges these universities face. The existing research on campus sustainability practices in Asia is reviewed, and a new exploratory study is put forth on environmental sustainability practices in the higher education institutions of a developing country—Bangladesh. The Campus Sustainability Assessment Framework used in Canadian universities was taken as basis for determining potential environmental management indicators. Results show that environmental management practices (i.e., environmental education, research, governance and operations) are present only to a very limited extent in higher education institutions in Bangladesh.
      PubDate: 2016-08-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9845-0
       
  • Using the Framework for Integrated Sustainability Assessment (FISA) to
           expand the Multiregional Input–Output analysis to account for the
           three pillars of sustainability
    • Authors: Irene Rodríguez-Serrano; Natalia Caldés; Cristina De La Rúa; Yolanda Lechón; Alberto Garrido
      Abstract: Abstract Decision makers interested in promoting sustainable development must simultaneously consider the environmental, economic and social implications of any action. This article proposes the Framework for Integrated Sustainability Assessment (FISA), a methodological framework for conducting a sustainability impact assessment of any investment project. Based on a Multiregional Input–Output (MRIO) framework, FISA links the extended MRIO results with social risk data from the Social Hotspots Database (SHDB) in order to integrate the social with the environmental and economic pillars. Resulting impacts are simultaneously considered and reported by means of FISA charts, making it possible to assess the different impacts within the three sustainability pillars across countries involved in the whole supply chain of investment projects. This methodological framework can be applied not only to compare the sustainability impacts of two alternative projects, but also to derive specific recommendations aimed at minimizing the harmful social, environmental and economic effects along the whole project supply chain.
      PubDate: 2016-08-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9839-y
       
  • How do people select plants for use? Matching the Ecological Apparency
           Hypothesis with Optimal Foraging Theory
    • Authors: Gustavo Taboada Soldati; Patrícia Muniz de Medeiros; Reinaldo Duque-Brasil; France Maria Gontijo Coelho; Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
      Abstract: Abstract The present study aimed to understand human plant resource usage strategies in the context of the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis and Optimal Foraging Theory. The relationship between plant resource knowledge and availability was tested in a rural community (Palmital) in a dry Atlantic Forest fragment in the state of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, using data from phytosociological studies and interviews. We considered both total use and separate use categories. Use Value (UV) was significantly associated with all of the analyzed ecological variables, but there was an association with relative dominance and a weak relationship with relative density. When the UVs were separately analyzed for each category, we found that some, i.e., fuel and construction, corroborate the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis, while others do not, particularly the medicinal and food categories. In addition, we found large differences with respect to the ecological variables that best correlated with UV. The data suggest that the cost/benefit relationship predicted by Optimal Foraging Theory can explain the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis when the following factors are considered: (a) resource acquisition optimization and security; (b) a higher probability of acquiring more abundant species during random collection events; and (c) differential utilization patterns (distinct requirements for a specific use) for each use category. Some implications for conservation are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9844-1
       
  • Environmental disclosure by Indian companies: an empirical study
    • Authors: Mousami Prasad; Trupti Mishra; Arti D. Kalro
      Abstract: Abstract This study examines the extent and the quality of environmental disclosure made by Indian companies using legitimacy theory. Content analysis of 137 companies’ annual reports for the years 2011–2012 and 2014–2015 finds that (a) the extent of disclosure and the quality of disclosure have increased over the two-year period (though the increase is not statistically significant), (b) quality is largely descriptive and (c) disclosures vary between industries and within industries. The results of the econometric model suggest that firm-specific characteristics like industry, size, age and foreign customers have significant positive influence on environmental disclosures (extent and quality), while leverage has negative impact on disclosures.
      PubDate: 2016-08-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9840-5
       
  • Critical success factors for public housing projects in developing
           countries: a case study of Nigeria
    • Authors: Musa M. Mukhtar; Roslan Bin Amirudin; Trevor Sofield; Ismail Bin Mohamad
      Abstract: Abstract Many developing countries like Nigeria face serious challenges with regards to the provision of public housings for their citizenry. The purpose of this research article is to establish critical success factors (CSFs) for public housing projects (PHPs) in Nigeria. The data collections were performed in Nigeria using interviews, pilot survey and a questionnaire survey. The interviews were conducted with experts in housing so as to determine the sufficiency and appropriateness of the success attributes gathered from the literature review with respect to Nigerian situation. After analysing the results of the interviews, a draft questionnaire was prepared and pretested. Following a slight revision, a final version of the questionnaire was designed. A questionnaire survey was performed in which five hundred and fifty (550) questionnaires were distributed by means of stratified sampling techniques. The respondents were construction professionals with experience in PHPs implementation in Nigeria who work in developers’ companies, consultancy firms, contracting companies or public housing agencies. Two hundred and eighty-one copies of the administered questionnaires were completed and brought back, equivalent to 51 % response rate. Structural equation modelling technique was employed in the data analyses process. The study establishes seven CSFs for PHPs in Nigeria. These factors are: (1) institutional framework for public housing, (2) availability of competent personnel, (3) effective project management, (4) good maintenance management practice, (5) appropriate design and good location, (6) effective housing finance system and (7) adequate political support. The CSFs established in this study can serve as a guide to housing policy makers, public housing developers and project managers towards successful accomplishments of PHPs in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9843-2
       
  • The contemporary illusion: population growth and sustainability
    • Authors: Maristella Bergaglio
      Abstract: Abstract Since the 1970s, debates on “population growth” and “sustainability” have fluctuated markedly between pessimistic forecasts and optimistic certainties. Nowadays, they have reached a strange, comfortable illusion according to which the demographic future of our planet does not seem to be a problem at all. Nevertheless, median population growth projections by 2100 indicate that an arrest of the increase by the end of the century is rather unlikely. The future prospect is made even more critical by the fact that the increase will occur in what can be called demographic “Growing spots,” strongly opposed to just as many “Aging spots.” In these terms, therefore, the future demographic dynamics will certainly pose a challenge to the “population growth-sustainability” combination, for which it will be necessary to develop a new paradigm capable of operating in a “strong transcalar perspective,” within a global space that will increasingly acquire characteristics of fluidity and changeability.
      PubDate: 2016-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9842-3
       
  • Energy policy evaluation in practice: the case of production subsidies and
           DEN-B in the Netherlands
    • Authors: Viktória Kocsis; Bert Hof
      Abstract: Abstract This paper describes how energy policy can be evaluated in practice. The goal is to make policy makers aware of how an evaluation can be based on scientific principles and to help economists appreciate how an evaluation can be performed if strong empirical evidence is lacking. We have built a basic evaluation framework and have applied this to a selection of Dutch energy policy instruments, namely production subsidies and their complementary non-financial instrument, DEN-B. Our evaluation criterion was effectiveness, defined as the extent to which policy instruments contribute to achieving policy goals. The evaluation was based on existing ex post evaluations complemented by interviews and other available data. We conclude that production subsidies and DEN-B were (partly) effective. Furthermore, the Dutch government increased effectiveness by reconsidering the design of production subsidies. We also formulate lessons for future policy evaluations and energy markets policies.
      PubDate: 2016-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9837-0
       
  • The role of sustainability environment in export marketing strategy and
           performance: a literature review
    • Authors: Mohammad Taherdangkoo; Kamran Ghasemi; Mona Beikpour
      Abstract: Abstract Increasing environmental issues, economic and cultural differences, the regulatory framework and the great attention to social responsibility, have forced companies to face the challenge of sustainability. Thus, the adaption of a proper marketing strategy in order to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage in the market (specially export markets) has become an important principle in accepting companies. In this regard, this study is a systematic literature review, which investigated 102 published articles in international journals between 1964 and 2015. In the literature review, the main focus was on key issues such as sustainability, marketing strategies, financial and market export performance. In this article, at first, the concept of sustainability from different aspects was collected and described. Then, external factors, such as competitive intensity, public concern, regulations, technology, cultural/social, and economic, as well as internal factors, such as managers, employees, stakeholders, affecting sustainability, were studied. Finally, adaption of export marketing strategies in order to achieve sustainability export performance is discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9841-4
       
 
 
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