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Journal Cover Environment, Development and Sustainability
  [SJR: 0.438]   [H-I: 36]   [31 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2975 - ISSN (Online) 1387-585X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Sustainability: new strategic thinking for business
    • Authors: Helen Kopnina
      Pages: 27 - 43
      Abstract: Abstract Some researchers insist that sustainability should be represented as a continuous quest, doubting that there is the ‘right’ way to be sustainable. Acknowledging the immensity of sustainability challenges, this article takes a different perspective, arguing that without understanding of concrete barriers and seeking solutions, the challenge of addressing unsustainable practices becomes unsurmountable. This article will summarize research in sustainability literature that indicates that sustainability requires a constant human population, as well as ecologically benign method of production. This article will survey a number of helpful frameworks that address the key obstacles to sustainability, namely population growth, and unsustainable production and consumption. These frameworks are discussed in the context of business-level solutions and production systems. As illustrated by examples of best practices as well as potential pitfalls associated with each system, these systems have the potential to move the quest for sustainability beyond ‘business as usual.’
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9723-1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Can coffee certification schemes increase incomes of smallholder farmers?
           Evidence from Jinotega, Nicaragua
    • Authors: Pradyot Ranjan Jena; Till Stellmacher; Ulrike Grote
      Pages: 45 - 66
      Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates the impact of Fairtrade and organic certification on household income of smallholder coffee farmers in the Jinotega Municipality of Nicaragua. Using a sample of 233 coffee farming households and employing endogenous switching regression model and propensity score matching method, the results found that Fairtrade and organic certification standards have different effects on the certified farmers; while Fairtrade farmers had experienced yield gains, organic farmers had the price advantage. However, the overall impact of these certification standards on the total household income is found to be statistically not significant. While some of the Fairtrade-certified cooperatives have used the social premium in creating community-level infrastructure, there is a need for more investment. The major constraint the organic-certified farmers face is lack of availability of adequate organic inputs such as manures and organic herbicides.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9732-0
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Adaptation of institutional arrangements to management of Northern
           Rangelands of Kenya
    • Authors: Caroline Karwitha Kanyuuru; John Mburu; Jesse Njoka
      Pages: 67 - 82
      Abstract: Abstract Northern Rangelands of Kenya have continued to grapple with management challenges largely due to a lack of understanding of the dynamics thereof. Eroding customary institutions and new institutional arrangements characterize the system suggesting that adaptation is taking place to cope with the change. It is imperative that these socio-ecosystems adjust to the disturbance without disintegrating into a different state that is controlled by a different set of processes to ensure sustainable rangeland management. To understand the nature of change, the study sought to evaluate institutional arrangements engaged in tackling growing socio-economic and ecological factors challenging development within the last decade. Three study sites namely Kinna, Makurian and Westgate, representing three types of institutional arrangements (elders only, group ranch committee and community conservancy board), were investigated. Key informants, focused group discussions and household survey methods were used to gather data. Data were managed and analysed using Ms Access, Ms Excel, social network analysis and SPSS. Findings indicate that more actors (internal and external) are engaging in management of social economic and ecological factors challenging development within the last decade. The co-management approach allows increased capacity to tackle these challenges and further presents more opportunities for a diversified livelihood, two key features of ecosystem resilience. Findings are useful as the Kenya government implements the National Land Policy that recognizes the need to restructure community land and its management.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9718-y
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Comparative analysis on financial viability of cocoa agroforestry systems
           in Ghana
    • Authors: Isaac Nunoo; Victor Owusu
      Pages: 83 - 98
      Abstract: Abstract This study employs an ex-ante analytical approach to explore the financial viability of cocoa agroforestry systems in Ghana using cross-sectional data on smallholder cocoa farmers in the Western Region of Ghana. The empirical results generally show that cocoa agroforestry systems are profitable, but the medium shade tends to be more profitable. The no-shade cocoa agroforestry has the highest yield compared with other cocoa agroforestry systems. Sensitivity analysis revealed that increasing the market price by 12.2 % tends to increase the profitability of cocoa agroforestry systems. Also increasing fertilizer price does not lead to any significant change in the profitability. The study recommends the medium-shade cocoa agroforestry system as the most profitable agroforestry system for optimizing ecological and economic outcomes of smallholder cocoa farmers in sub-Saharan Africa.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9733-z
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Urban sprawl, public transport, and increasing CO 2 emissions: the case of
           Metro Manila, Philippines
    • Authors: Rebeca Fontanilla Andong; Edsel Sajor
      Pages: 99 - 123
      Abstract: Abstract Current international discussions on the increasingly critical levels of carbon emissions from the transportation sector commonly attribute the causality chain to urban sprawl growth–private car use–carbon emission. An often assumed development context of this causality chain is that common of developed country urbanization. However, in the particular context of developing country urbanization, urban sprawl and associated workplace–home distanciation may lead to more intensive use by the urban workforce of public mass transportation system, instead of higher dependence on private vehicle travel. Thus, the source of the rise in carbon emission may actually be the public transportation system. Utilizing mixed methods, combining quantitative (origin–destination matrices) and qualitative data gathering and analysis, the authors present a case study in Metro Manila which has been experiencing sprawl and increasing costs and unaffordability of land and housing in the workforce’s vicinity of employment. This, in turn, causes greater distances of daily travel between home and workplace using public transportation system. When the latter is characterized by fuel-inefficient small vehicles with second-hand engines, higher carbon emission results. We argue that the convergence of multiple interacting factors such as urban sprawl, lack of affordability of housing near the centres of employment, high dependence of commuters on public transports, longer distance travel by commuters, and low fuel efficiency of the public utility vehicles primarily causes the increase in CO2 emission from the transport sector. Implications of this case to policy scoping of immediate and long-term state responses for carbon emission mitigation in transportation sector are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9729-8
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Factors influencing the performance of faecal sludge management services:
           case study in Thailand municipalities
    • Authors: Achara Taweesan; Thammarat Koottatep; Kouassi Dongo
      Pages: 125 - 140
      Abstract: Abstract In most low- and middle-income countries, the service coverage of faecal sludge management is very limited resulting in uncontrolled disposal that directly impacts to water resources and public health. Similar to other countries, Thailand is facing faecal sludge management problems which lead to serious challenge to its local government authorities who are responsible for services provision. Local factors may strongly affect faecal sludge management services. Because of this problem, the management measures should be formulated in responding to significant factors affecting the performance of FSM services. This study aimed to evaluate existing faecal sludge management services in Thailand, their strengths, and weaknesses, and identify the significant factors influencing the performance of services. Based on data collected from 160 municipalities in Thailand, factors influencing the faecal sludge management services were identified using multiple regression analysis. The indicators involving operational efficiency, service performance, and treatment feasibility were used for the assessment of faecal sludge management performance. Significant factors encompassing technical, financial, social, and institutional aspects were identified based on each indicator. The findings identified the significant factors and proposed effective measures for improving faecal sludge management services such as providing technical assistance, implementing awareness programmes for private operators and households, and subsidizing investment and operation costs of faecal sludge management facilities.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9719-x
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Livelihood options of landless households and land contracts in north-west
           Ethiopia
    • Authors: Mehretie Belay; Assefa Abegaz; Woldeamlak Bewket
      Pages: 141 - 164
      Abstract: Abstract Agricultural land scarcity and increasing landlessness are becoming serious livelihood challenges in rural areas of highland Ethiopia. Land contracts give access to land for landless households through sharecropping and rent. The paper examines the demand for land, livelihood options of landless households, and the role of land contracts in mitigating land shortages among the rural communities. Its specific objectives are intended to examine the: (1) land demand and livelihood options of landless households and (2) role of land contracts in mitigation of land shortages and the implication of this on sustainable management of land resources. The study was conducted in Dangila district in the north-western highlands of Ethiopia. Data were gathered from a survey of 201 rural households from April 2011 to October 2012. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and independent samples t test were used to analyse the data. Results indicate that over 14 % of the studied households were landless and demanding farmlands. Sharecropping, daily labour, selling wood and charcoal, and rearing livestock were major livelihood options and strategies practiced by landless households next to crop farming. Sharecropping contracts were found to minimize the land demand of over 95 % of the landless households. However, most of the sharecropping contracts (58 %) were managed through informal customary practices. Old age, having many dependent family members, and owning large farm plots were found to encourage the practice of the sharing-out of land. Conversely, youth, higher education level, and ownership of many livestock initiated the sharing-in of land. Shared and contracted plots were, however, observed not to have been treated with proper sustainable soil and water conservation technologies. Allocating grazing lands and accessing credit facilities were actions taken by local governments to stabilize land shortages. It is concluded that making credit accessible to landless households and promoting the development of small-scale enterprises in rural areas can help to engage the idle agricultural labour and ease the pressure on land resources. Preconditions should be set to sustainably use and manage contracted lands and shared plots and to avoid the wasteful use of agricultural lands. There should be a focus on promoting small-scale enterprises (i.e. expanding the non-farming sector) in rural areas and minimizing informal land contracts. Liberalizing the land market by lifting the land contract restrictions can enhance the exchange of land among the rural households.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9727-x
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Perceptions of using low-quality irrigation water in vegetable production
           in Morogoro, Tanzania
    • Authors: Winfrida Mayilla; Bernard Keraita; Helena Ngowi; Flemming Konradsen; Flavianus Magayane
      Pages: 165 - 183
      Abstract: Abstract This study was conducted to examine perceptions of the farmers and key informants on the use of low-quality irrigation water for vegetable production in urban and peri-urban areas in Morogoro, Tanzania. The methods used to collect data were farmer surveys (n = 60), focus group discussions (n = 4) and key informants interviews (n = 15). The results showed that the respondents had a positive perception on using low-quality irrigation water for vegetable production. The reported benefits include availability of water throughout the year, highest soil and crop nutrients in irrigation water, less costs of buying commercial fertilizers, vegetable production all year round, sustainable income generation from selling vegetables and also jobs creation in the community among farmers and vegetable sellers. Findings from Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal–Wallis test score on farmers perception scales indicate an association between the source of low-quality water used and the respondents’ sex. Accordingly, female farmers had higher positive perception on the benefits of low-quality water compared to male farmers. Higher perception score was also observed among farmers who used polluted river water in irrigation vegetable production compared to farmers who used wastewater. Since low-quality irrigation water is a good strategy of coping with scarcity of freshwater for communities which have no alternative source of irrigation water, the study recommends multi-sectorial agencies across the country to be involved in formulating policies and creating health promotion awareness for safe use of low-quality water for benefit maximization and health risk reduction.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9730-2
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The role of gender in local residents’ relationships with Gaoligongshan
           Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China
    • Authors: T. D. Allendorf; J. M. Yang
      Pages: 185 - 198
      Abstract: Abstract Gender can play an important role in people’s relationships with the environment. Understanding if women and men perceive protected areas differently is an important facet of understanding park–people relationships. The objective of this study was to determine whether men and women differed in their relationship with Gaoligongshan Nature Reserve in Yunnan, China. We analyzed 523 surveys to explore differences between women’s and men’s attitudes, perceptions, knowledge, and use of the reserve. While the majority of women and men had positive attitudes toward the reserve, men were significantly more likely to be positive, had more knowledge about the reserve, and entered the reserve more than women. In addition, men were more likely than women to identify benefits and problems associated with the reserve. Using logistic regression, we explored different models to understand the gendered perceptions of problems and benefits of the reserve. We found that having less knowledge about the reserve contributed to women being less likely to perceive benefits, especially regulating services. Our results highlight the need for gender-sensitive approaches to park–people relationships in terms of management and research.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9731-1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Motives, opportunities, and risks for private sector investment in
           protected areas with international importance: evidence from German
           companies
    • Authors: Nathalie Meißner; Ulrike Grote
      Pages: 199 - 219
      Abstract: Abstract What motives do companies have to make a voluntary contribution to the protection and conservation of ecosystems? Could an international market for protected area certificates (PACs)—issued for geographical areas managed in accordance with social and environmental best practices—boost private investment? What are the market opportunities and risks that influence private sector investment? These questions are evaluated based on semi-structured expert interviews conducted in 39 German companies. Triangulation is used for data analysis to combine the advantages of qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative interview results complemented with the exploratory factor analysis allow identifying five motives for private sector investment, of which three are key motives in the early stage of developing PACs: direct financial benefits; the social legitimacy of entrepreneurial business; and the corporate dependency on ecosystems. Opportunities for private companies arise from the high marketing potential of certificates, the international orientation of the PAC market, and the bundling of different ecosystem benefits. Identified risks include a lack of differentiation, additional costs, and green washing. Depending on the transparency of the certification scheme, companies are aware that PACs could both improve and damage their credibility and reputation.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9722-2
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Trends in environmental education for biodiversity conservation in Costa
           Rica
    • Authors: Amanda Jiménez; Martha C. Monroe; Natalia Zamora; Javier Benayas
      Pages: 221 - 238
      Abstract: Abstract Costa Rica is internationally recognized for its abundant biodiversity and being a leader in the promotion of education strategies for biodiversity conservation. We interviewed staff from 16 institutions developing key environmental communication, education, and participation projects for biodiversity conservation in the country. Through content analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and Chi-square tests, we examined the characteristics of the projects carried out by these institutions and developed a typology of four categories derived from six variables: primary audience, content, project purpose, location, scale, and facility. Then, we designed a conceptual model describing the integration of conservation and economic development in the educational projects. We found two key approaches related to this integration: vision of nature protection which aims to inform audiences of ecological concepts and focuses on schoolchildren and vision of sustainability which engages adult audiences and is management-oriented. Education for community-based environmental management may serve as a good example of educational projects which integrate conservation and economic development, implementing a vision of sustainability.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9734-y
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Carbon and energy taxation for CO 2 mitigation: a CGE model of the
           Malaysia
    • Authors: Masoud Yahoo; Jamal Othman
      Pages: 239 - 262
      Abstract: Abstract Malaysia has made a pledge to reduce voluntarily her carbon dioxide-equivalent (CO2-e) gas emission’s intensity of gross domestic product by up to 40 % based on 2005 levels by 2020. The country is considering implementing economic instruments, among others, to assist the achievement of emission reduction targets while contributing towards the nation’s energy security and sustainable development goals. This paper develops a computable general equilibrium model with explicit energy-emission linkages to appraise the economy-wide and welfare impacts of carbon and energy tax policies to reduce CO2 emissions in Malaysia. Results indicate that the negative macroeconomic impacts of carbon and energy taxes are small relative to the quantum of emission reduction. A Hicksian welfare criterion is utilized to determine the impact of revenue natural shifts in carbon and energy taxes. Revenue neutrality assumptions show that carbon taxation is the best choice when it can provide a double dividend if the generated revenue is used for the purpose of consumption subsidy on household purchases. The notion of the double dividend is confirmed when the change in the consumption structure will result in a welfare improvement, while CO2 emission is decreased effectively. The study also found that carbon tax policy results in greater emission reductions relative to energy taxes, while the use of renewable energy will increase more substantially.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9725-z
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Enhancing viability of biofuel-based decentralized power projects for
           rural electrification in India
    • Authors: Debajit Palit; Ramit Malhotra; Sanjay Mande
      Pages: 263 - 283
      Abstract: Abstract Decentralized power generation, using locally available biofuels from non-edible oilseeds, is an option for rural electrification in many developing countries. However, due to prevailing high price of non-edible oilseeds, such as Jatropha curcas, the cost of electricity generation is very high. This paper provides detailed financial analysis of straight vegetable oil (SVO)-based decentralized power project and proposes an innovative model for enhancing their financial viability. While for implementing agency operational cost recovery is the key for viability, affordable tariff is crucial for end-users. The paper attempts to estimate minimum desired price of electricity from the stakeholders' (producer and users) perspective using data gathered from selected operational SVO-based power generation projects in India. Analysis carried out in this paper indicates that operating the decentralized power plant at higher capacity utilization factor, by introduction of productive load, and differentiated tariffs for commercial and domestic consumers may not alone be sufficient to achieve the financial viability. The paper proposes an innovative integrated model of using biogas, obtained from the by-product de-oiled cake of non-edible oilseeds, as a feedstock for power generation, instead of using the SVO in engines. This reduces the fuel cost of power generation, thereby helping to bring down the tariff within the paying capacity of rural consumers. The main produce, viz. extracted non-edible oil, which was otherwise used as fuel for generating power, can be sold in local market for earning revenue, thereby enhancing the project’s economic viability. This paper sets forth the proposed integrated model as a viable biofuel-based decentralized power project for sustainable rural development in areas with adequate availability of oilseeds.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9720-4
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Resource use efficiency and economic losses: implications for sustainable
           rice production in Vietnam
    • Authors: Vo Hong Tu
      Pages: 285 - 300
      Abstract: Abstract The study aimed to estimate resource use efficiency and economic losses by using stochastic frontier analysis. The data set were collected in An Giang Province of Vietnam through personal interviews with 199 rice farmers. The results revealed that returns to scale are decreasing. Rice farmers had high levels of output-oriented and input-oriented technical efficiency with the means of 91.92 and 85.39 %, respectively. The mean environmental efficiency was 82.03 %. The mean efficiency of normal inputs was 61.20 %. Among the bad inputs, pesticide and energy were the least efficient ones with the mean values of 51.39 and 45.53 %, respectively, indicating serious overuses of these inputs. As regards normal inputs, capital had the lowest efficiency score at 21.08 %, followed by seed quantity at 26.4 %. Further, the total economic losses were estimated at 8261 thousand VND (380 USD) per hectare, which is equal to the sales of about 1600 kg of rice per hectare or the efforts to increase by 20 % of output level. This study suggests that rice farmers need to contract inputs, particularly environmentally detrimental inputs to improve profits. To improve the productive efficiency, the use of ecological engineering, collective pump and cultivation of three rice crops per year are possible options.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9724-0
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Pesticide use practices among smallholder vegetable farmers in Ethiopian
           Central Rift Valley
    • Authors: Belay T. Mengistie; Arthur P. J. Mol; Peter Oosterveer
      Pages: 301 - 324
      Abstract: Abstract Pesticide use is a common practice to control pests and diseases in vegetable cultivation, but often at the expense of the environment and human health. This article studies pesticide-buying and use practices among smallholder vegetable farmers in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia, using a practice perspective. Through in-depth interviews and observations, data were collected from a sample of farmers, suppliers and key governmental actors. The results reveal that farmers apply pesticides in violation of the recommendations: they use unsafe storage facilities, ignore risks and safety instructions, do not use protective devices when applying pesticides, and dispose containers unsafely. By applying a social practice approach, we show that these pesticide-handling practices are steered by the combination of the system of provision, the farmers’ lifestyle and the everyday context in which pesticides are being bought and used. Bringing in new actors such as environmental authorities, suppliers, NGOs and private actors, as well as social and technological innovations, may contribute to changes in the actual performance of these pesticides buying and using practices. This article argues that a practice approach represents a promising perspective to analyse pesticide handling and use and to systematically identify ways to change these.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9728-9
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Factors affecting incentive dependency of residents to participate in
           e-waste recycling: a case study on adoption of e-waste reverse supply
           chain in Iran
    • Authors: Amin Jafari; Jafar Heydari; Abbas Keramati
      Pages: 325 - 338
      Abstract: Abstract Modern societies face a dilemma called electronic waste (e-waste). This waste, which may contaminate the soil or cause unwanted impacts on human health when treated improperly, is one of the fastest growing waste streams in developed as well as developing countries and has brought great environmental impacts. Developing countries like Iran also face this modern waste management challenge. In order for more appropriate disposal or, if possible, recycling of this waste, more attention has been paid to reverse logistics as the most appropriate way to manage them. The first and most important action to address e-waste and implementation of reverse logistics is to persuade residents to bring back their obsolete electronic products. This paper attempts to understand significant factors affecting residents’ incentive dependency to participate in e-waste recycling program. Socioeconomic and demographic information of different residents is discussed by means of logistic regression for the first time in Iran. The results show that about 58.7 % of residents will participate even if no incentive is given. Household income, household size, education, e-waste concern level, and marital status are the significant factors affecting the incentive dependency of respondents.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9737-8
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Green examination: integration of technology for sustainability
    • Authors: Roohul Abad Khan; Mohammed K. Al Mesfer; Amadur Rahman Khan; Saman Khan; Anne Van Zutphen
      Pages: 339 - 346
      Abstract: Abstract The recent development of infrastructure all around the world has resulted in an increasing trend of online examination in universities. The paper is an approach in theory and practical aimed at analyzing the feasibility of sustainable examination in four universities and its environmental impact reducing the paper use terming it as green examination. The paper studied the integration of sustainability through the use of computers and technology in the examination of the universities viz. King Khalid University (KKU), Saudi Arabia, Integral University (IU), India, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India, and The Hague University (HU), The Netherlands. The study has analyzed the trend of paper requirement, paper utilized and paper wasted in all the four universities. The environmental impact resulting from reduced paper use has been also analyzed. The feasibility of e-examination, its implementation and the implications has been undertaken in the study. The study concludes that the e-examination can almost make the examinations paperless and feasible in the four universities.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-015-9736-9
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Climate change perceptions and response strategies of forest fringe
           communities in Indian Eastern Himalaya
    • Authors: Tanusri Dey; Nazir A. Pala; Gopal Shukla; Prabhat K. Pal; Ganesh Das; Sumit Chakarvarty
      Abstract: Abstract The study documented perception of forest fringe community of Chilapata reserve forest in West Bengal, India, from September 2013 to May 2015 through questionnaire-based personal in-depth interviews involving 400 respondents and group discussions. Adaptation strategies used by the community in response to impact of climate change were also documented. Majority of the respondents were farmers with marginal land holding. Almost all the respondents perceived the phenomena of climate change. The overall perception of the community toward change in temperature-related events and precipitation is high with average perception score of 0.74, while it is medium for change in regularity of climate events with score of 0.51. In spite of such perceptions, the community had low average livelihood impact perception score of 0.23. Considering the adaptation strategies based on knowledge–adoption index, the adaptation in response to climate change is at medium level with average mean score of 0.63. A total of 17 coping options were identified. Pre-monsoon dry seeding, agroforestry, crop rotation, short duration crop varieties and use of organic products were popular. The study recommend a need for scientists, government and non-government agents and other stakeholders to support efforts by farmers to adapt to effects of climate change through technological, policy and financial interventions with an aim of improving livelihoods and food security.
      PubDate: 2017-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-9920-1
       
  • Resident perceptions of livelihood impacts arising from the Kızıldağ
           National Park, Turkey
    • Authors: Ayhan Akyol; Türkay Türkoğlu; Sultan Bekiroğlu; Ahmet Tolunay
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, perceptions, needs, expectations and participation levels in the park management of residents of the Kızıldağ National Park were investigated. It was focused on especially how residents’ livelihood was affected by establishment and management of Kızıldağ National Park. It was examined why residents do not support protection efforts. Research data were obtained with the help of a survey form prepared to determine the perceptions of residents living in the national park. For the analyses of obtained data, statistics package program (SPSS 20) was used and also independent-samples t test and one-way analyses of variance were applied. As a result, the most important negative effects were loss of income and changes in traditional lifestyle. The most affected group from these negative effects was the ones dealing with animal husbandry. For the sustainable management and protection of national park, sense of belonging should be brought to residents so as to increase participation, traditional lifestyle of residents should be conserved and new sources of income should be generated for residents. To improve the participation of residents in national park management, community engagement mechanisms can be used as a tool.
      PubDate: 2017-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-9921-0
       
  • Indigenous capacity for collaboration in Canada’s energy, forestry and
           mining sectors: research metrics and trends
    • Authors: Ryan Bullock; Denis Kirchhoff; Ian Mauro; Morrissa Boerchers
      Abstract: This paper examines patterns in recently published research addressing Indigenous capacity for collaborative natural resource development in Canada’s forestry, energy, and mining sectors. As Indigenous involvement in natural resource development increases, so too does the body of associated scholarship. We gathered information on several core metrics (year of publication, authorship, and gender, author affiliation, journal titles, citation counts and impacts factors, and keywords) to analyze research output, trends, and gaps. Our bibliometric analysis of 49 articles from peer-reviewed journals confirms that Indigenous natural resource development and capacity research has steadily increased over the past decade in terms of the number and range of papers, authors, institutions, and cases examined. Research output peaked in 2013 and 2015.
      Authors hip is distributed evenly between male and female lead researchers, with teams located across southern Canada, with highest concentrations in urban population centers of British Columbia, Manitoba, and Ontario. In contrast, the research sites are located in more northern, rural, and remote locations. That communities and projects under study are not currently matched with sites of research capacity raises questions about capacity building and the nature of research “on” versus “with” Indigenous peoples. Policies and programs designed to enhance Indigenous involvement and capacity must address these asymmetries in order to be representative, effective, and responsive to current Indigenous priorities.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-9917-9
       
 
 
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