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Journal Cover Environment, Development and Sustainability     [SJR: 0.319]   [H-I: 26]
   [30 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2975 - ISSN (Online) 1387-585X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]
  • Analyzing indicators for combining natural resources management and
           production-oriented activities
    • Abstract: Abstract It is recognized today that production systems can be used for natural resources management, whereas it is difficult to implement management that integrates production and natural resources conservation. This difficulty can be explained by the complexity of interactions between production systems and biodiversity dynamics and by the lack of predictability of the impacts of techniques on ecosystems. Designing tools to effectively guide such integration in this uncertain context is therefore a top priority. In this perspective, the aim of this paper is to analyze the indicators used by managers when trying to integrate ecological systems and production-oriented activities and, consequently, to assess their relevance when faced with these new challenges. Our analysis distinguishes indicators-in-theory and indicators-in-use. We studied the first ones with an original analytic grid to decipher their cognitive and management orientation through documents and interviews with indicator designers. We studied indicators-in-use through interviews and ethnographic observations of indicator users in four situations (forestry, pastoral, wildlife and breed management) in southwestern France. Our findings reveal the distance between managed objects and measured objects, thus explaining their effectiveness in terms of management. We also show how the indicators strongly shape practices and how they are adapted by users to their situation, emphasizing the role of experiential knowledge to create situated indicators. Finally, we discuss our results regarding tool design for environmental management.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Principles for sustainability: the need to shift to a sustainable
           conventional regime
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper argues that the present dominant economic system rests upon unquestioned beliefs that are in a deep contradiction with the pursuit of sustainable development. The economics of conventions is used as an analytical framework through which to demonstrate the conflict between the dominant conventions underpinning societal development and the objectives of sustainable development. It suggests that a trajectory towards the objectives of sustainable development should be managed through a reflexion concerning the conventional principles required to be adopted in order to favour the emergence of a new conventional regime. The principles of proximity, the increase in individual and collective capabilities, and participative democracy are presented as possible principles that could be adopted in order to favour the emergence of a new conventional regime.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • IPAT and the analysis of local human–environment impact processes:
           the case of indigenous Bedouin towns in Israel
    • Abstract: Abstract The IPAT equation developed in the early 1970s by Ehrlich and Holdren suggests that the impact (I) of society on the environment is associated with population size (P) coupled with manner of function (f), which is shaped by elements such as affluence (A) and available technology (T). To date, most studies that have used the IPAT framework have either focused on its conceptual idea or employed it quantitatively at national and international scales. Few studies have explored the sub-national/regional scale, and none have focused on the local/community scale. This paper employs the IPAT framework for the case of Israel’s urban indigenous Bedouin society of the Negev. The paper aims to highlight IPAT’s strength in analyzing the array of internal and external factors that contribute to the making of an environmental crisis in Bedouin towns; a crisis with dire effects on public health and residents’ quality-of-life. The paper describes the current environmental situation and identifies major policy interventions and actions taken by government ministries and civil organizations. It introduces a revised and extended IPAT theoretical equation [including such elements as behavior (B), social communality (Sc) and Governmental policy (Po)] as an analytical framework for various factors associated with the Bedouin urban environmental crisis. Finally, the paper suggests new directions for intervention based on addressing the different factors contained within the human–environment impact equation.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Education for sustainable society: attainments and good practices in
           Sweden during the United Nations Decade for Education for Sustainable
           Development (UNDESD)
    • Abstract: Abstract Education is an indispensable social component and a powerful tool to develop a peaceful and sustainable society. Global policy frameworks are coupled with national policy frameworks to facilitate strategic use of education to promote sustainability. Sweden is one of the countries that has actively aligned with the global framework and has been successful in introducing Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) into formal education through its inclusion in the curricula and through new approaches toward learning and teaching. This article is based on document analysis attempting to review ESD policy implementation and to highlight Sweden’s contribution to the global framework of ESD. It provides a comprehensive review of ESD discourse and its international policy framework, followed by an analysis of evolution of environmental education then ESD in Sweden. Three initiatives at the primary school level that promote ESD are presented as distinctive examples from Sweden demonstrating instrumental use of education toward sustainable development of the society while assessing the challenges and future prospects. As the United Nations Decade for Sustainable Development and Millennium Development Goals comes to an end in November 2014 and 2015, respectively, it is imperative that the concept of is revisited and good practices in the realm of ESD are identified and shared. Research of this nature locates effective practices of ESD and broadens our understanding of how ESD is implemented and adopted hybridizing with local socio-cultural tradition.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Energy consumption and GDP in Italy: cointegration and causality analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this article was to assess the empirical evidence of the nexus between GDP and energy consumption for Italy during the period 1970–2009, using a time series approach. After a brief introduction, a survey of the economic literature on this issue is shown, before discussing the data and introducing some econometric techniques. Stationarity tests reveal that both series are nonstationary, or I(1). Moreover, a cointegration relationship is found between the two variables. The short-run dynamics of the variables show that the flow of causality runs from energy use to GDP, and there is a long-run bidirectional causal relationship (or feedback effect) between the two series. Consequently, we conclude that energy is a limiting factor to GDP growth in Italy and that energy conservation policy should be formulated and implemented wisely.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Identification of elite native plants species for phytoaccumulation and
           remediation of major contaminants in uranium tailing ponds and its
           affected area
    • Abstract: Abstract Uranium mill tailings are the crushed rock residues of the uranium extraction process from ores. The tailings effluent and tailings solids from the mill are discharged as slurry to a waste retention pond, called tailing pond. Natural radionuclides’ and trace metals are present in mine tailing/soil in varying concentrations, and some of these are found in elevated concentrations in uranium waste tailings. Uranium mine tailing ponds at Jaduguda and Turamdih receive waste from ores mined at the six mine stations at Jharkhand state, India. A study was undertaken to evaluate the potential of native plant species for the phytoremediation of these site. Three sampling stations were selected at Jaduguda (TP1, TP2, TP3) and Turamdih and at the downstream of effluent treatment plant. pH, electrical conductivity, metals (12-Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Pb) and radionuclides’ (3-Co, Sr and U) were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrophotometry. From the analysis, four elements—Al, Mn, Fe and U—were found to be much higher in concentration in water with range (mg/kg) of 0.02–2.38, 0.30–31.67, 0.00–0.75 and 0.03–5.50, respectively, and 10 elements—of U, Mn, Al, V, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Co and Se—were found to be higher in concentrations in soils with range (mg/kg) of 22–99, 1,072–8,065, 14,053–21,213, 66–139, 15,163–44,640, 149–240, 135–350, 89–191, 34–140 and 12–122, respectively. Among them, U and Mn were identified as predominant contaminants. Out of all the native plants, 21 species were screened for phytoaccumulation and transfer factor study. P. digitalis (for Al, V, Ni and Co), E. ferox (for Mn and Cu), A. indica (for Fe), B. vitisidae (for Zn), P. hydropiper (for Se) and S. spantanium (for U) were identified for hyper-accumulation, and A. indica (for Al, Co, Se and U), C. bunplandianus (for Mn, Fe, Ni and Cu), E. ferox (for V) and C. procera (for Zn) were listed for non-accumulation of respective contaminant. Besides this, taking consideration of the parameters such as shallow-rooted plant species, easy to adapt, growth, harvest and biomass production and simultaneous accumulation of multiple contaminants, following plants were found to be candidate species for phytoremediation of tailing ponds of uranium mines: For hyper-accumulation: P. vittata (can accumulate Al, V, Ni, Co, Se and U simultaneously) followed by P. digitalis, C. compressus and S. spantanium. For non-accumulation: C. bunplandianus (can non-accumulate Al, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn, Se and U simultaneously) followed by B. moneri, C. procera and A. indica.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Putting Health Impact Assessment into practice through the lenses of
           diffusion of innovations theory: a review
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper looks into the applicability of diffusion of innovation (DoI) theory and the implementation of a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) approach, focusing mainly on the resource extraction sector in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The paper begins with a review of DoI theory and discusses how HIA adoption in a LMIC context might be understood from the perspective of DoI theory. It then asks whether knowledge translation theories and approaches might be relevant to DoI, and if so, how. Based on the findings of the literature review and practical applications of DoI theory in HIA implementation, this paper is concluded by arguing that DoI is useful as an overarching theoretical framework to plan and implement adoption strategies and activities, to identify potential challenges.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Influences of socio-cultural experiences on residents’ satisfaction
           in Ikorodu low-cost housing estate, Lagos state
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined the influences of socio-cultural experiences on residents’ housing satisfaction in Ikorodu low-cost housing estate in Lagos State. This study was carried out with the aid of questionnaire administration and reconnaissance survey. The result of the survey shows that the total numbers of the housing units in the area were 119 buildings which comprised 106 bungalows and 13 story buildings. The estate was stratified into two (2) zones which were story buildings and bungalow buildings. Using a systematic sampling technique, one of every two (2) houses was selected for interview in both zones. A total of 106 residents were selected from the bungalow units and 20 residents from the story buildings making a sum of 126 residents that were selected for the interview, but a total of 122 questionnaires were recovered. Findings from the study reveals that the residents’ were fairly satisfied with the environmental elements of their dwellings, the physical elements, the behavioural elements and the economic elements and were dissatisfied with the functional elements and timing element which constitute the quality performance and maintenance criteria of their buildings. More so, findings from the study reveal that there is significant difference in residents’ level of satisfaction in the housing elements among several socio-cultural characteristics of residents, such as gender, ethnicity of end users, family size, family structure, religious beliefs, ethnic group of residents, social relation, years of living in area and age of residents among others. The study further revealed that there is no significant difference in residents’ level of satisfaction in the housing elements among residents’ household position and marital status. Recommendations were proffered to guide policy-makers, some of which includes local participation approach in housing delivery, the use of local building materials, intensive site and service scheme among others.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Charles R. Goldman, Michio Kumagai, Richard D. Robarts: Climatic change
           and global warming of inland waters. Impacts and mitigation for ecosystems
           and societies
    • PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Brian Richter: Chasing water—a guide for moving from scarcity to
           sustainability
    • PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • The essence, feature and role of low carbon economy
    • Abstract: Abstract Low carbon economy regards economic system as an integral part of natural world, and its goal is through reducing and saving materials (minus materialization such as energy saving, consumption cut and greenhouse gas emission reduction) to realize harmonious development between man and nature to create a higher standard of living, better quality of life and more opportunity for development for people. Therefore, low carbon economy is a new economic development pattern, philosophy and way of subverting traditional economy and is an important impetus for economic and social development. How to develop low carbon economy is an economic and technical issue as well as a political issue. In the context of globalization, it is a great economic game in the world, and only the country taking an advantage in this game will be able to win a greater space and a better opportunity for development. Clearly, low carbon economy represents the future direction and trend of economic development, and it is the basis and condition of realizing sustainable development.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Limits to adaptation or a second modernity? Responses to climate
           change risk in the context of failing socio-ecosystems
    • Abstract: Abstract There is a concerning fallacy at the heart of the debate on climate change adaptation—that adaptation will involve re-adjustments primarily on the periphery of functioning socio-ecological systems. Yet, dominant modern systems are already in crisis. Case study examples from research across global, continental and regional scales are used to argue that gaps between sustainability goals and outcomes are already significant. Analyses of global food security and lost diversity; human migration in Asia; and natural resource management systems in core and remote regions of Australia indicate that climate change forms only part of a failing relationship between people and the environment. There is a need to transform socio-ecosystems so that they become resilient in the context of broader learning on environmental uncertainty, variability, change and risk. Such transformations will occur both in situ, to ensure that local environments are not further degraded or people entrenched in failing systems, and ex situ, as people, systems and infrastructure become increasingly mobile to deal with changing circumstances.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • Training in environmental health necessitates tacit knowledge
    • Abstract: Abstract Tacit knowledge in environmental health (EH) responds to the strong need to relate environmental conditions with health effects and implement the ideas produced in the educational framework. Training programs on EH have to educate professionals in dealing with problems where environmental degradation threatens health and to answer the currently increasing volume of question society asks on these issues. Therefore, an EH professional should not only be equipped with theoretical knowledge but also with the “know-how” knowledge (or tacit knowledge) that enables in-depth understanding of the mechanisms that links environment with health and facilitates the prevention of incidents and chronic exposure to pollutants. This was the main driver behind the establishment of the Master’s Degree Program “Environment and Health: Capacity building for decision making” at the Medical School of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens—Greece (UoA). The program builds on the expertise of academic partners on EH issues. The experience of non-academic professionals is an important part of the program, which is aimed at developing innovative methods of knowledge alliance management, introducing the “tacit knowledge” approach, contributing to understanding and managing health-related environmental problems. In order to evaluate the accomplishment of the program’s objectives, a questionnaire was completed by current MSc holders. The program impact regarding its tacit knowledge content was highly regarded (>80.0 %) by the alumni. This adds to the evidence-based strength of tacit knowledge, which is increasingly profiled as a mandatory element of EH academic programs. A SWOT analysis discussion puts the assessment of tacit knowledge in a wider context.
      PubDate: 2015-01-24
       
  • Focus on relative humidity trend in Iran and its relationship with
           temperature changes during 1960–2005
    • Abstract: Abstract In this research, the mean relative humidity (RH) trend was investigated in the monthly, seasonal and annual timescales during 1960–2005 in 32 synoptic meteorological stations. The Mann–Kendall test after the removal of the significant lag-1 serial correlation effect from the RH time series by pre-whitening was used to determine significant trends. Sen’s slope estimator was used to determine the median slope of positive or negative RH trends in seasonal and annual timescales. Also, in order to facilitate trend analysis and exploring in datasets, 10-year moving average low-pass filter was applied on mean annual normalized RH. Furthermore, smoothed time series by the mentioned filter were classified in four clusters and then they were mapped to show the spatial distribution of trend patterns in Iran. Results showed both significant downward and upward trends, but the number of negative trends was more than positive ones. In general, the stations located in arid central and eastern parts of country had more negative trends. Results of the Sen’s slope estimator showed that in annual timescale, Gorgan synoptic station had the most increasing slope by (+) 2 % per decade, while the most negative slope was detected in Bam by (−) 2.79 % per decade. Also, the analysis of smoothed time series of RH and their relationship with smoothed temperatures showed a strong inverse relationship particularly after 1995. It can be concluded that alongside the increasing of temperature in many parts of Iran, lack of sufficient water vapor has led to decreasing trend of RH in the country.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
       
  • Conservation perceptions and attitudes of semi-nomadic pastoralist towards
           relocation and biodiversity management: a case study of Van Gujjars
           residing in and around Corbett Tiger Reserve, India
    • Abstract: Abstract This article examines the perceptions and attitude of the semi-nomadic pastoral community “Van Gujjars” on the use and conservation of natural resources in Corbett Tiger Reserve, India. In this research article, in-depth interview and questionnaire data (n = 340) about demography and perceptions were examined from both qualitative and quantitative information. Respondents have expressed their perception about their own territories, problems, attachments, positive or negative change that occurred during their stay in and around protected area. Respondents overall positive attitudes towards conservation scenarios despite high losses from wildlife while living around protected area suggest that they may support conservation if their livelihood needs are met. Most of the respondents support the concept of conservation, and some respondents have negative attitude towards management authorities, mainly because of restricted access to the forest resources. The study illustrates and suggests a number of options for the viability of resettlement of pastoralist community. A majority of respondents indicated that there is a need for public participation in planning and implementation of resettlement process. Resettlement of Van Gujjar community may be better if exercised with the consensus of all the stakeholders. Resettlement will provide better livelihood opportunity to the pastoral community and enhance the economic status of these people as the educational level increases in time, while also improving habitat recovery leading to better biodiversity conservation. Thus, resettlements could benefit both the pastoral people and the natural resources.
      PubDate: 2015-01-15
       
  • Transforming US higher education to support sustainability science for a
           resilient future: the influence of institutional administrative
           organization
    • Abstract: Abstract Interdisciplinary environmental and sustainability (IES) academic programs have an important and distinctive role in education for sustainability: preparing sustainability-oriented problem solvers who work at the science–policy, science–management, and policy–management interfaces. IES programs are rapidly expanding at college and universities in the USA and exhibit a variety of forms, including interdisciplinary degree programs housed within a traditional department; programs that span departments, a college, multiple colleges, or the entire university; programs that reside in their own IES departments, schools, or colleges; and degree programs located within IES institutes and centers. A very few institutions are addressing IES education in a holistic manner by developing dedicated campuses for sustainability education or reorganizing their entire campus structure to support sustainability science education and research. This paper presents how Unity College, a small environmental college, reorganized its administrative structure, curriculum and pedagogy around a sustainability science framework. It also illustrates the influence that various forms of IES programs have on sustainability education in the USA as revealed by national studies conducted by the Center for Environmental Education Research of the National Council for Science and the Environment.
      PubDate: 2015-01-15
       
  • Determination of the optimal land use allocation pattern in Nowshahr
           County, Northern Iran
    • Abstract: Abstract Regional models of land use change are evaluated as a way of identifying land use pattern based on recent quantitative and probabilistic approaches. Differentiation between models in this area is the result of the approach to the concept of land use and type of indicators used in the modeling process. Since the determination of the optima land use pattern, due to the different uses of land based on the availability of regional capabilities and spatial difference in land use, depends on an integrated model, there must be a model that can assess the existing conditions of the region and present reasonable models of land use according to regional capacities and potentials. In this research, we developed a model to present the Optimal Land Use Allocation Pattern (OLUAP) for maximizing the advantages of change and determining the methods of influencing land use change priorities. This model uses spatial models and analysis, moderates the cost-benefit function, and calculates the allocation priorities of various areas based on regional conditions. The model results show that a wide scope of Nowshahr area is allocated to natural and agricultural uses. At the same time, a limited area has been assigned to urban and industrial uses. In addition, it shows that northern strip of the region due to higher accessibility of services and infrastructures is more suited than other regions to urban and industrial areas, and these two uses have first and second priority, respectively. Besides, according to the man-made environment and the special environmental conditions, the model allocates the central lowlands and southern parts sporadically to agricultural and natural areas as first and second priorities. Since the model is spatial optimization, the suggestions of the model show the OLUAP. Therefore, one can see the optimal condition for each plot and compare it with the existing land use.
      PubDate: 2015-01-14
       
  • Designing a distance learning sustainability bachelor’s degree
    • Abstract: Abstract This article reports on the curriculum design of a distance learning sustainability bachelor’s degree in order to broaden the coverage and increase the quality of education for sustainable development in Mexican higher education. The goal of this case study was to describe the useful of the competence-based curriculum design to increase the actual stock of knowledge toward achieving curriculum greening. This bachelor’s degree has been designed with the primary purpose of boosting the supply of educational services in the country in order to not only meet the rights of all Mexicans citizens to obtain a higher education, but also to confront the sustainability challenges within the UNESCO key campaigns such as the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, Education for all and the Millennium Development Goals (EAMG). Having as the organizing principle the competency-based framework, the sustainability bachelor’s degree project was carried out using the focus group research technique for collecting data. The concept of competence has played a key role in defining the outcomes of this curriculum; yet, there are a number of ongoing issues that are significant enough in order to address the challenges imposed by this decade that have not been included because it is impossible to cover all aspects of sustainable development. Hopefully, the sustainability graduate students will have the competences for being the most effective agent of change to foster sustainability in organizations.
      PubDate: 2015-01-14
       
  • Impact of economic growth and population on agrochemical use: evidence
           from post-liberalization India
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper analyzes the impact of population and per capita income on agrochemical use in India. Traditionally, few researchers have used I = PAT equation in its original form to study the impact of population and per capita income on agrochemical use. In this paper, a variant of I = PAT is used which relates per capita income and per hectare population with per hectare agrochemical use. The sample covers the period 1990–2008 for 25 Indian states. Our results suggest that per capita income has a nonlinear relationship with per hectare agrochemical use. Observed negative relationship between pesticide use per hectare and persons per hectare is indicative of public awareness regarding harms related with intensive use of pesticides; however, a positive relationship between fartilizer consumption per hectare and population pressure, found here, reiterates importance of fertilizers for food security. An examination into dematerialization of agriculture is also carried out at all India level which indicates that declining intensity of fertilizer and pesticide use in post-1990 period is mainly attributed to structural change in the economy. In summary, the paper concludes that India needs environment friendly agriculture policies and rural infrastructure to manage agriculture-related environmental problems.
      PubDate: 2015-01-11
       
  • Options for sustainable development planning based on “GHGs
           emissions reduction allocation (GERA)” from a national perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract Climate change phenomenon can be seen as a simple but daunting problem. The lack of equity in emission reduction burden sharing regime, will cause a need for a greater sacrifice for poor or less developed countries. Thus, the evaluation of different aspects of equity at a national scale and presenting a top–down model of equity for allocation of GHGs emission (such as GERA) in line with sustainable development is the main objective of this study. In this study, the five equity principles proposed in the literature namely (1) population distribution, (2) GHGs emissions, (3) GDP, (4) trend of economic growth and (5) per capita of carbon productivity as appropriate criteria of equity estimation. Due to the different decision makers' preferences, different weights are allocated to indicators and analyzed. Iran has been considered as a case study, and these criteria were applied at national level to propose an allowance allocation scheme. The result of applying GERA for Iran, at provincial level and under the five equity criteria, determines which provinces have to shoulder higher reduction burdens, and makes a room for less developed provinces for growth. Based on these results, this model demonstrated to be more sensitive to criteria selection rather than to the weight factors. In addition, shifting to low carbon technologies or renewables, careful evaluation of current emission–income pattern, improving of energy intensity and finally, adjustment of secondary industries (manufacturing) based on ecological and natural resources of each region are suggested as the most efficient approaches toward sustainability and green development for the case study.
      PubDate: 2015-01-11
       
 
 
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