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Journal Cover Environment, Development and Sustainability
  [SJR: 0.438]   [H-I: 36]   [34 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2975 - ISSN (Online) 1387-585X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • How do people select plants for use' Matching the Ecological Apparency
           Hypothesis with Optimal Foraging Theory
    • Authors: Gustavo Taboada Soldati; Patrícia Muniz de Medeiros; Reinaldo Duque-Brasil; France Maria Gontijo Coelho; Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
      Pages: 2143 - 2161
      Abstract: The present study aimed to understand human plant resource usage strategies in the context of the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis and Optimal Foraging Theory. The relationship between plant resource knowledge and availability was tested in a rural community (Palmital) in a dry Atlantic Forest fragment in the state of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, using data from phytosociological studies and interviews. We considered both total use and separate use categories. Use Value (UV) was significantly associated with all of the analyzed ecological variables, but there was an association with relative dominance and a weak relationship with relative density. When the UVs were separately analyzed for each category, we found that some, i.e., fuel and construction, corroborate the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis, while others do not, particularly the medicinal and food categories. In addition, we found large differences with respect to the ecological variables that best correlated with UV. The data suggest that the cost/benefit relationship predicted by Optimal Foraging Theory can explain the Ecological Apparency Hypothesis when the following factors are considered: (a) resource acquisition optimization and security; (b) a higher probability of acquiring more abundant species during random collection events; and (c) differential utilization patterns (distinct requirements for a specific use) for each use category. Some implications for conservation are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9844-1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Environmental sustainability practices in South Asian university campuses:
           an exploratory study on Bangladeshi universities
    • Authors: Asadul Hoque; Amelia Clarke; Tunazzina Sultana
      Pages: 2163 - 2180
      Abstract: Environmental sustainability practices in universities can play an important role in helping society form a sustainable future. In this study, the roles that Bangladeshi universities play in terms of sustainability practices on their campuses are scrutinized, as well as the challenges these universities face. The existing research on campus sustainability practices in Asia is reviewed, and a new exploratory study is put forth on environmental sustainability practices in the higher education institutions of a developing country—Bangladesh. The Campus Sustainability Assessment Framework used in Canadian universities was taken as basis for determining potential environmental management indicators. Results show that environmental management practices (i.e., environmental education, research, governance and operations) are present only to a very limited extent in higher education institutions in Bangladesh.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9845-0
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • A subsystem input–output decomposition analysis of CO 2 emissions in the
           service sectors: a case study of Beijing, China
    • Authors: Rong Yuan; Tao Zhao; Jing Xu
      Pages: 2181 - 2198
      Abstract: The carbon emissions in service sectors have attracted increasing attention around the world. However, few studies have examined the driving forces for CO2 emissions from service sectors in developing countries. With the process of accelerating industrialization, China’s service sectors are facing growing pressure to pursue energy savings and emission reductions, especially in several developed regions. In this paper, in order to better understand how CO2 emissions in Beijing’s service sectors have evolved, we utilized a subsystem input–output decomposition analysis to study the pattern and driving factors of consumption-based emissions in Beijing’s service sectors. The results showed that the transportation sector and the Scientific Studies Technical Services sector caused the most CO2 emissions in Beijing’s service sectors. The emission intensity effect potentially reduced CO2 emissions by 10,833 Mt, primarily due to the decreased energy intensity of non-service sectors. Effects of demand and technology were mainly responsible for the increased CO2 emissions in Beijing’s service sectors. Such influence was mainly related to the external component of service sectors, indicating a strong pull effect exerted by service sectors on non-service sectors. Thus, decarbonizing the supply chain of service sectors and improving the energy intensity are necessary to alleviate CO2 emissions in Beijing.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9847-y
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Practising the past in the present: using Ghanaian indigenous methods for
           water quality determination in the contemporary era
    • Authors: Service Opare
      Pages: 2217 - 2236
      Abstract: Surface water sources remain the dominant sources of water supply for a significant proportion of poor communities. These water supply sources tend to have low water quality levels. Application of water quality determination and purification measures could minimize water-related diseases associated with direct consumption of water with poor quality levels. A number of simple measures have been devised and utilized by indigenous communities based on their resource conservation knowledge to improve water quality levels. However, scientific approaches that are more in tune with modern demands for reliability and exactness are the preferred, mainstream approaches for determining water quality. Growing recognition of the relevance of indigenous knowledge has led to renewed interest in the possibility of utilizing it for such tasks. Research conducted in 2007 and 2008 in two indigenous communities in Ghana revealed a diversity of indigenous methods for water quality determination and purification including straining, settling and use of special seeds which could still be useful in this contemporary era. This paper recommends that knowledge co-production and transdisciplinary approaches be employed to enable indigenous communities and experts to collaborate and develop measures that tap both knowledge systems for improving water quality levels for human use.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9851-2
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Social-ecological resilience and the quest for sustainability as object of
           science
    • Authors: Walter Alfredo Salas-Zapata; Leonardo Alberto Ríos-Osorio; Jorge Antonio Mejía-Escobar
      Pages: 2237 - 2252
      Abstract: The term ‘sustainability science’ has been employed to refer to a scientific trend, movement or program aimed at studying problems related to human–nature interactions. However, since it does not have its own set of principles for knowledge building and lack of a definition of a study object, sustainability science is not a science, at least in the usual sense of the word. A study object is the conceptual delimitation of the problems tackled by a science, and therefore, its search in the context of a science of sustainability requires exploring different notions of sustainability. This article presents different perspectives on the concept of sustainability and analyzes the viability to assume them as study object of sustainability science. Such exploration demands concepts based on a processual ontology that directs the researcher toward the dynamic, historic and temporal and social-ecological character of problems of unsustainability. The concept of social-ecological resilience seems to comply with such requirements.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9852-1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • A proposed framework to assess upstream supply chain sustainability
    • Authors: Susana Garrido Azevedo; Helena Carvalho; Luís M. Ferreira; João C. O. Matias
      Pages: 2253 - 2273
      Abstract: There are few methods that are suitable for assessing the sustainability of companies and supply chains in an integrated way, taking into consideration the economic, social and environmental dimensions. This paper proposes a framework for assessing the sustainability of individual companies and their corresponding upstream supply chain. The framework consists of a set of steps to evaluate the sustainability of both the individual company and their upstream supply chain. The linear aggregation technique is suggested to combine the set of indicators from the economic, environmental and social dimensions of sustainability into a unique value, giving rise to a composite index for the company and corresponding supply chain. The proposed framework represents a contribution in the area of index construction and could be used as a valuable component of sustainability reporting and sustainability management practices. It also represents an important benchmarking tool, offering managers the possibility of identifying the supply chain partners that are best and worst performers in terms of sustainability while at the same time making it possible to improve company performance. Managers can adjust their company’s behaviour according to their sustainability index score and improve economic, social and environmental performance.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9853-0
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Contract farming and the adoption of climate change coping and adaptation
           strategies in the northern region of Ghana
    • Authors: Shaibu Baanni Azumah; Samuel A. Donkoh; Isaac Gershon K. Ansah
      Pages: 2275 - 2295
      Abstract: In climate change adaptation, contract farming can facilitate the adoption of coping and adaptation strategies, but such dynamics are less understood in the literature. This study uses primary data collected from a cross section of crop farmers in northern Ghana and a simultaneous equation systems approach to examine the links between contract farming and adoption of climate change coping and adaptation strategies. The major coping and adaptation strategies used by farmers include spraying of farms with chemicals, row planting, mixed farming, mixed cropping and crop rotation. Econometric results confirm that contract farming enhances the adoption of climate change adaptation strategies, but there is also a feedback effect on contract farming, such that farmers adopting more adaptation strategies have higher probabilities to get contract offer. This makes contract farming a viable policy instrument to consider in climate change adaptation. Furthermore, land ownership and extension services exert significant positive influence on adoption. As much as possible, coping and adaptation strategies should effectively be communicated to crop farmers. Policy-wise, development actors and successive governments in Ghana should encourage and facilitate contract or group farming, as was in the case of the National Block Farming, led by Ghana’s Ministry of Food and Agriculture.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9854-z
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The driving factors of separate waste collection in Italy: a
           multidimensional analysis at provincial level
    • Authors: Massimiliano Agovino; Maria Ferrara; Antonio Garofalo
      Pages: 2297 - 2316
      Abstract: With the recommendation of the EU environmental policies, the separate waste collection issue has become more and more an object of public concern. Nevertheless, Italy’s waste management performances need further assessment processes. Until recently, some areas, especially in the South, have experienced serious waste management crises, mainly due to low rates of separate waste collection (less than 10 % of solid waste generated). The aim of this paper is to analyse the driving factors that influence the separate waste collection. Relatively to the Italian provinces in the year 2011, the analysis consists of two steps. In the first step, we characterize different institutional and socio-economic contexts through a multidimensional scaling analysis. In the second step, we provide evidence about the presence of subsets among Italian provinces using cluster analysis. Results show that contexts featuring high institutional quality promote the separate collection process. Differently, tourism-oriented environments characterized by low institutional quality don’t produce positive effects on the recycling process.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9857-9
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • A geographic information system-based socioeconomic impact assessment of
           the broadening of national highway in Sikkim Himalayas: a case study
    • Authors: Polash Banerjee; Mrinal K. Ghose
      Pages: 2333 - 2354
      Abstract: Socioeconomic impact assessment (SEIA) is an undermined area of environmental impact assessment of highway projects. The problem becomes even more pronounced in remote and difficult terrains. The challenge in data gathering and impact prediction in mountainous areas can be mitigated using Geographic Information System (GIS). In this paper, an attempt has been made to apply the techniques of GIS and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to perform a rapid SEIA on broadening of national highway in a mountainous terrain like Sikkim. The proposed spatial impact model shows the distribution of impacts of highway broadening on socioeconomic attributes and generates a composite impact inventory map. The composite impact is found to be slightly to moderately beneficial for the study area. Cross-validation of Empirical Bayesian Kriging (EBK) and sensitivity analysis have also been carried out for model evaluation. Cross-validation results show a reliable spatial interpolation. Sensitivity analysis shows a robust decision model and identifies the socioeconomic attributes to which the spatial impact model is sensitive. The study presents a novel methodology of rapid spatial SEIA.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9859-7
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Using the IPAT identity and decoupling analysis to estimate water
           
    • Authors: Yuanhong Tian; Matthias Ruth; Dajian Zhu
      Pages: 2355 - 2375
      Abstract: Evaluations of water footprint (WF) used to enhance performance of policies on water utilization will benefit from combining WF analysis with methods from sustainability analysis. For this purpose, this paper analyzes the WF of China’s five main food crops, which together account for roughly 33 % of the nation’s water consumption. We assess distributional equity at the provincial scale and use the IPAT identity and a decoupling analysis to assess the scale of both national and provincial WF consumption, the factors influencing the WF fluctuation, and the efficiency of water allocation. Results show that although it is difficult in the short term to end the unsustainable WFs of China’s five main food crops, more efficient allocation can be achieved through appropriate agricultural policy modification. In the long term, distributional equity at the provincial level must be the key factor in achieving sustainable agriculture in China.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9860-1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Local-level climate change adaptation decision-making and livelihoods in
           semi-arid areas in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Chipo Plaxedes Mubaya; Paramu Mafongoya
      Pages: 2377 - 2403
      Abstract: There is now overwhelming evidence of climate change and variability impacts in Africa, among them a reduction in agricultural production. This is a cause for concern given that 70 % of the continent’s population derives its livelihoods directly from rain-fed agriculture. There is need for adaptation strategies at all levels from the national to the local level to mitigate these adverse impacts from climate change. It is important to take advantage of and strengthen already existing household and community strategies. This study used both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to explore the role that livelihood dynamics play in local-level decision-making for adaptation to everyday vulnerability. Risk is considered to extend beyond climate to non-climatic stressors, and the notion of climate change as the major shock among many others is downgraded to one that is secondary to other shocks that even pose more danger to household and community livelihoods. The natural capital remains the basis upon which all the other capitals depend as drivers of choice for adaptation practices. A reorientation of capitals and associated activities is inevitable to deal with everyday vulnerability given that livelihood capitals play a key role in adaptation. Choice of household response strategies to shocks is not entirely intrinsic, but rather integral to a context where other players such as the extension operate to influence adaptation choices. This then highlights the need for embeddedness and context in understanding adaptation and livelihood changes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9861-0
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Economic growth and energy consumption in Iran: an ARDL approach including
           renewable and non-renewable energies
    • Authors: Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee; Clever Mavuka; Jalil Khodaparast Shirazi
      Pages: 2405 - 2420
      Abstract: Iran experiences a high level of energy consumption which is threatening not only economically but also politically and environmentally. This study aims to estimate the relationship between the economic growth with the various kinds of energies, non-hydroelectric, renewable, non-renewable, and total energies in Iran during 1967–2012, using an autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) model. The results show the ineffective relationship between the economic growth and energy consumption in Iran, considering non-hydroelectric energy, renewable energy, non-renewable energy, and total energy, one by one as the energy proxy. It implies the ineffectiveness of both the quantitative and qualitative deflationary policies over the energy sector. In another word, neither decreasing energy consumption nor changing energy portfolio affects the economic growth. Therefore, the policy makers are advised to formulate those policies which reduce the quantity of energy consumption or increase the segment of renewable energies in the portfolio of energy consumption because they do not lead to the considerable negative consequence on the economic growth, while they increase both the environmental quality and energy security.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9862-z
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Perceptions regarding the challenges and constraints faced by smallholder
           farmers of vanilla in Mexico
    • Authors: Verónica Borbolla-Pérez; Lourdes Georgina Iglesias-Andreu; Mauricio Luna-Rodríguez; Pablo Octavio-Aguilar
      Pages: 2421 - 2441
      Abstract: Mexico was the main vanilla producer worldwide many years ago. However, it currently provides just around 5 % of the global production. The issues that have led to the current stagnation of the vanilla production in Mexico have been addressed from various perspectives, but few studies have included the opinion of smallholder farmers. For this reason, the aim of this study was to conduct a participatory diagnostic to identify the challenges and constraints that affect the vanilla productive sector in Mexico from the smallholder farmers perspective. This study was conducted under the of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) approach; consequently, we used PRA techniques for data collection. The qualitative data obtained were transcribed and analyzed using the Content Analysis Method (CAM) and Constant Comparative Method (CCM). The results showed that most of the challenges and limitations referred to by smallholder farmers result from the lack of training to improve production, processing, and marketing. Likewise, various restrictive aspects were identified in the production process that affect crop productivity, such as cultivation in small parcels, high incidence of diseases, premature abortion of fruits, and low tolerance of plants to stress. An aspect common to all processes is the need to promote organization and training schemes, since under the conditions described for the vanilla production chain in Mexico, relationships have been built in highly competitive communities and, in general, the targets seek have been mutually exclusive. For the above, we consider that achieving more profitable and sustainable production schemes require placing smallholder farmers at the base of an inclusive production system supported by fair trade, with organization, institutions, technology transfer, level of trust, and cooperation as core elements.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9863-y
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Modeling of high step-up converter in closed loop for renewable energy
           applications
    • Authors: R. Nagaraj; D. Thiruganamurthy; Manik Murthy Rajput
      Pages: 2475 - 2485
      Abstract: A majority of small-scale renewable energy sources including the solar PV modules, fuel cells gives out output voltage in the range of around 15–40 V DC. This needs to be stepped up to suit load requirements using a high voltage gain converter. Since renewable sources inherently generate sudden variations in input voltage, a good output voltage profile even during such random variations in input conditions is essential. This paper presents modeling of a high step-up converter configuration with closed loop control. The converter topology is designed to operate with moderate duty ratios and the simple coupled inductor. The converter is capable of high step-up and can find application in solar PV systems. The controller response is good with low steady state error and required dynamics. The modeling and simulation is carried out using MATLAB/Simulink software package.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9866-8
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Bacteriological quality of fresh produce and link to water and sanitation
           service access from informal markets in Mzuzu, Malawi
    • Authors: Rochelle Holm; Jealous Mwangende; Mavuto Tembo; Wales Singini
      Pages: 2487 - 2497
      Abstract: In 2010, the global burden of foodborne diseases was 33 million Disability-adjusted life years, and 40 % of this burden was for children under 5 years old (Havelaar et al. 2015). Our study site was informal public markets within Mzuzu, Malawi, visited between September and December 2015, during the dry season. From these markets, fresh vegetables, leafy greens (n = 85), tomato (n = 85), and green pepper (n = 35) were analyzed for Escherichia coli. The prevalence of E. coli was highest on leafy greens; it was found in 74 (87 %) of the 85 samples. The prevalence of E. coli in green peppers was found in 2 (6 %) of the 35 samples. The prevalence of E. coli was lowest on tomatoes; it was found in only 1 (1 %) of the 85 samples. The lack of adequate water and sanitation infrastructure in market areas may be contributing to the bacteriological contamination of fresh produce. Providing venders with free access to market area toilets containing hand-washing facilities with soap and wash water with a chlorine solution may reduce bacterial contamination of fresh produce. Universal and sustainable access to water and sanitation services must include informal public market areas to reduce diarrheal diseases transmitted through food within Sub-Saharan Africa countries.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9867-7
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Adoption and farm-level impact of conservation agriculture in Central
           Ethiopia
    • Authors: Wondwossen Tsegaye; Roberto LaRovere; Germano Mwabu; Girma T. Kassie
      Pages: 2517 - 2533
      Abstract: Soil erosion and degradation is an important agro-ecological challenge in the highlands of Ethiopia. Conservation agriculture (CA) has a long time been identified as one of the key interventions that could abate the current trend of physical and chemical erosion of soil. This study analyzed adoption of the different components of CA (minimal disturbance of soil, permanent organic soil cover, and crop rotation) and herbicide application in two districts of Ethiopia using a multivariate probit model. The impact of CA on land and labor productivity was also estimated using generalized methods of moments and the control function approach. The initial decision to adopt the different components of CA is influenced by location, family size, access to extension, and formal education. Among the components introduced with CA, herbicide application significantly and strongly influences land productivity. Other factors, which influenced land productivity, were location, sex of head of household, livestock wealth, and human labor endowment. None of the components of CA—including the complementary herbicide application—was found to be influencing labor productivity in the study areas. Generally, access to extension and the main crop under production drive the decision to adopt or not to adopt the different components of CA. Despite its positive impact on land productivity, herbicide application should be further investigated with attention to its effect on sustainable use of cultivable land.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9869-5
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Seasonal dynamics of vegetation of the central Loess Plateau (China) based
           on tree rings and their relationship to climatic warming
    • Authors: Huiqin Wang; Feng Chen; Ruibo Zhang; Li Qin
      Pages: 2535 - 2546
      Abstract: Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) is a highly climate-sensitive species. Presently, the Huanglong Mountains are covered by widespread forests dominated by Chinese pine and thus has a great potential for dendrochronological studies. To increase the knowledge of NDVI changes of the Loess Plateau and their potential influences on the environmental changes, the regional tree-ring chronology from the Huanglong Mountains was used to investigate climate/NDVI relationships. Standard dendrochronological methods were applied to a regional tree-ring series of Pinus tabulaeformis from the Huanglong Mountains, the Loess Plateau. The relationships between ring widths and NDVI/climate factors were investigated by the simple and spatial correlation analysis. The results of the correlation analysis indicated that mean temperature has negative influences on tree growth, while the tree-ring widths of Chinese pine reflect the variations of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Herein the standard tree-ring width series was used to develop June–July NDVI for the Huanglong Mountains during the period AD 1812–2012, and it explained 41.2 % of the total NDVI variance during the period AD 1982–2006. The results of the spatial analysis show that the reconstructed NDVI has strong drought signals for the Huanglong Mountains. Drought events in the NDVI series are compared to the historical records and climate data in the study area, and show common drought events over much of Shaanxi. These drought-caused famines have had strong influences on the people of Shaanxi during the past 201 years. The moving correlation between March–July temperature and the NDVI reconstruction showed that the recent warming is the most important driving force of the drying trend and the resulting in tree growth decline during the last 30 years. Our reconstructed NDVI is significantly correlated with sea surface temperature in the Indian and the western Pacific Oceans. The linkages to the Indian and Pacific Oceans suggest the connection of regional NDVI variations to large-scale ocean–atmosphere–land circulation systems. Our NDVI reconstruction provides the long-term perspective on the vegetation dynamics of the Huanglong Mountains and is used to guide expectations of future forest variations.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9870-z
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Integrated water security plan for water scarcity villages in central
           India
    • Authors: Padmakar Chintalapudi; Gajanan Khadse; Paras Pujari; Ramya Sanam; Pawan Labhasetwar
      Pages: 2547 - 2564
      Abstract: The western Madhya Pradesh in India has been facing severe problem of drinking water scarcity during summer. The problem is compounded by local geological setup and moderate rainfall and excessive irrigation over draft. Taking cue from a holistic approach, a water security plan is prepared on watershed basis for water scarcity villages in Bamori block of Guna district in Madhya Pradesh which builds for sustainability of water source and utilization to cater the water needs at village level. The present investigations entail that GW withdrawal and recharge value signifying that withdrawal substantially exceeds the recharge, leading to the depletion of groundwater level. About 99.48 % groundwater is used for irrigation and rest for domestic uses. GW stage development (>100 %) indicates that the scope of GW development is already exhausted and comes under over-exploited/critical category. Physicochemical groundwater quality parameters are within the permissible limits. Thematic information was derived from satellite data which serve as a basis of generated composite thematic layer and useful for preparation of water security plan and GW augmentation. The study reveals that systematic scientific investigations help in development of GW resources which can cater the needs of population residing in the area. It requires development of institutional capabilities at the village level for preparing holistic plans for water security in water scarcity villages.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9850-3
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Citizen perception on environmental responsibility of the corporate sector
           in rural areas
    • Authors: B. S. Choudri; Mahad Baawain; Khalifa Al-Zeidi; Hamood Al-Nofli; Rashid Al-Busaidi; Khalifa Al-Fazari
      Pages: 2565 - 2576
      Abstract: A study was undertaken in order to understand people perceptions on environmental responsibility of the corporate sector in the Al-Wusta region of Oman. Since the year 2011, this region has become very important area for corporate sector because of the establishment of Special Economic Zone in Duqm, currently housed with activities related to port, ship repair and dry dock, fisheries, petrochemicals, hotels and resorts. The survey was conducted in the year 2014 covering four Wilayats of the governorate. The information was collected through questionnaire survey with a sample size of 1150 households in the region and their concerns about local conservation and management practices related environment by the corporate sector. Survey results indicated that citizens are aware about the possible impacts of projects implemented by various companies and that companies need to have greater concern toward management and monitoring of local resources such as biodiversity, fisheries, livestock, quality of air and noise including organizational setup, regular monitoring and comply with national environmental regulations within companies to address environmental problems. This study suggest that corporate sector in the region needs to be more organized, responsible toward developing healthy relationships among community through awareness and capacity-building activities for achieving the goals of environmental sustainability.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9855-y
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Measuring satisfaction: analyzing the relationships between sociocultural
           variables and functionality of urban recreational parks
    • Authors: Mohammad Hasani; Yousef Sakieh; Sanaz Khammar
      Pages: 2577 - 2594
      Abstract: Urban recreational parks have a wide range of ecosystem services including health, social, tourism and cooling effects. With significant contribution to improving life quality of urban residents, successful maintenance of urban recreational parks heavily relies on visitors’ profile information. In this case, this study attempts to analyze the relationships between different characteristics of Koohsangi Park in Mashhad City, Iran, with sociocultural variables of park visitors to explicitly measure their recreational satisfaction level. In this case, descriptive and inferential statistics (Mann–Whitney U test, Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance and Pearson correlation coefficient) approaches were applied to conduct analyses of this study. A collection of variables was considered among gender, age and monthly income of the visitors which were more important and informative for management practices. According to the results, Koohsangi Park has its own user portfolio based on sociocultural variables such that there is a general urban park user profile as age between 20 and 40, married, employee, B.Sc. graduate, mostly male and belonging to middle-high income groups. In addition, positive bivariate association between monthly incomes of the visitors and their willingness to pay entrance fee was identified; however, majority of the visitors had a tendency to pay less than 1 US dollar as entrance fee. This study suggests that users’ opinions on different characteristics of Koohsangi Park could be instructive for park management and city authorities who normally decide on the future development of urban parks and their success could substantially benefit from such information.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-016-9856-x
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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