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Journal Cover Environment, Development and Sustainability
  [SJR: 0.438]   [H-I: 36]   [35 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2975 - ISSN (Online) 1387-585X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Policy-adaptation for a smarter and more sustainable EU electricity
           distribution industry: a foresight analysis
    • Authors: Guillermo Ivan Pereira; Patrícia Pereira da Silva; Deborah Soule
      Abstract: The European Union (EU) transition to a smarter and more sustainable electricity sector is driven by climate change adaptation and technological developments. For the electricity distribution industry, this has contributed to a growing need to understand how these network monopolies should adapt their role, activities, and responsibilities for a redesigned electricity market, given the growth of distributed generation, and the increased control and monitoring capabilities. Considering this, a foresight study on business model innovation, technological adaptation, and market design policy alternatives is presented. A Policy Delphi method was applied, involving two iterative survey rounds and 207 European experts, which assessed 57 policy alternatives. The results highlight adaptation challenges for implementing new technologies and business practices. Experts support innovation and transition to new roles, and innovative services, while warranting that core electricity distribution activities are secured. This shift in roles is expected to be achieved through research and development (R&D) support policies, innovation friendly regulatory frameworks, and concerted actions at the EU and Member States level. The results provide policy-adaptation guidelines for electricity distribution industry stakeholders.
      PubDate: 2018-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0119-x
       
  • A water footprint case study in Jarum village, Klaten, Indonesia: The
           production of natural-colored batik
    • Authors: Widhi Handayani; Augustinus Ignatius Kristijanto; Arianti Ina Restiani Hunga
      Abstract: Batik production brings positive impacts economically, but negative impacts environmentally mainly of resulting in water scarcity due to pollution and inefficient use of water. In order to manage the production to be efficient and sustainable, the batik industries are expected to implement cleaner production. This research aims to examine the water footprint (WF) of natural-colored batik. The result showed that WF of batik-making process is 1309–5549 L/pc. The total water footprint of a batik cotton fabric is estimated in the range of 3919–8159 L/pc. We found the largest part of batik-making process’ WF was derived from gray water footprint (GWF) that indicates water consumption for wastewater dilution. Substitution of specific ingredients that lead to high concentration of pollutants, such as soda ash which is usually used for wax removal, by more biodegradable materials is required. More advanced technologies in batik natural dyes coloration will also be expected in order to reduce the GWF. Finally, wastewater treatment and proper management on water resource are required to preserve batik as cultural heritage, reduce batik water footprint, and conserve water for both human and ecosystem in order to achieve both cultural and environmental sustainability.
      PubDate: 2018-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0111-5
       
  • How to succeed in implementing (smart) sustainable urban Agendas: “keep
           cities smart, make communities intelligent”
    • Authors: Maria-Lluïsa Marsal-Llacuna
      Abstract: United Nations-Habitat New Urban Agenda and European Union’s Urban Agenda are today’s international Agendas safeguarding sustainability of our cities and communities. Although in different ways, these Agendas also incorporate “smart” concepts and therefore acknowledge the important role that technology plays, especially in both delivery and implementation. However, although the incorporation of the technological element, Agenda’s sustainable policies have poor adoption and this is due to the lack of executive instruments to help their implementation. In this research, the Author proposes a novel technologically enabled executive function to better succeed in the implementation of Agendas, the so-called Policies-Actuated-Planning (PAP), and an executive instrument, the Actuators. Differently from existing Actuators that leverage on the Internet-of-Things to trigger a function on a given urban device, the proposed Actuators put a policy at work through the technological execution of urban planning interventions. Hence, the name Policies-Actuated-Planning (PAP) is given. Moreover, Actuators constitute a novel accountability system to measure the performance in the implementation of policies since they offer pioneering qualitative monitoring functionalities. Finally, to mention that the PAP relies on Author’s several times published Intelligenter Method, which is based on a bottom-up, collaborative and holistic-systemic approach to complex systems. The use of Intelligenter Method principles results in Actuator’s technologically enabled execution of city policies implemented at the lowest possible level, the community.
      PubDate: 2018-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0115-1
       
  • Use of discrete choice experiments to facilitate design of effective
           environmentally friendly agricultural policies
    • Authors: Na-na Wang; Liang-guo Luo; Ya-ru Pan; Xue-mei Ni
      Abstract: Appropriate environmentally friendly agricultural technologies and practices must be implemented in China (and many other countries) to reduce farmland non-point source pollution and meet sustainability objectives. A major hindrance to their implementation is that Chinese farmers have very low willingness to accept such practices. Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) have known value for identifying goods or policies with attractive attributes, and thus exploring target groups’ choice behavior and addressing such problems. Sound questionnaire design is of paramount importance for robust results. This article describes the nature and theoretical foundations of DCEs and considers their use in diverse applications abroad, and their limited but growing applications in China. It then presents a case study, focused on the detailed design of DCEs intended to gauge paddy farmers’ willingness to accept several agriculturally friendly techniques and related compensation methods, problems encountered, and predictions for future studies.
      PubDate: 2018-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0109-z
       
  • Ecological sustainability and environmental risks of agricultural
           intensification in inland valleys in Benin
    • Authors: Justin F. Djagba; Sander J. Zwart; Christophe S. Houssou; Brice H. A. Tenté; Paul Kiepe
      Abstract: To meet food demand after the failure of irrigation system developments, agricultural intensification is occurring in inland valley agro-ecosystems in sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural enhancement in inland valleys, which undermines environmental sustainability, was assessed using ‘Driving Force–Pressure–State–Impact–Response’ approach in four agro-ecological zones of Benin. The survey revealed that inland valleys are largely devoid of ligneous species. Crop residues are mainly transferred from inland valley fields to feed cattle, burnt in situ by the farmers themselves or abandoned to wildfires or to pasture—not mulched. Crop diversification is not universal and is limited to rice and vegetables crops. Monocropping of rice, practised by 83.3% of inland valley farmers, requires large chemical fertilizer application despite their impacts on environment including land degradation and water contamination. A major challenge is to determine means of characterizing entire agro-ecosystems of inland valleys in a way that is simple enough to be effectively and efficiently monitored. Inland valley agricultural development projects might include backstopping activities and policies that enable monitoring of chemical inputs and farming practices in inland valleys to reduce negative impacts on the environment and human health.
      PubDate: 2018-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0107-1
       
  • The utilization and institutional management of non-timber forest products
           in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary, Cambodia
    • Authors: Phanith Chou
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to understand why non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are not integrated into the development agendas of official institutions. Fieldwork was conducted in September 2015 and March and April 2016 in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary, using participatory rural appraisals and structured questionnaire interviews with randomly selected 310 households. The results of the study are reported. In the survey area, eight NTFPs were identified as the most important for the daily life of local people. Many NTFPs were self-sufficiently collected and consumed by the surveyed households. Regarding the institutional management of NTFPs, the local institutions play the greatest role to enhance NTFPs’ sustainable use. The government was not sufficiently involved in the regulation and management of NTFPs. As a result of the examination, the reason for the absence of NTFPs from national policies and strategies is the insufficient information available regarding both their value as subsistence and trading products and their contribution to rural livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0113-3
       
  • Visitor’s perceptions of the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia
           (FRIM) as an urban open space for environmental learning: results of a
           qualitative study
    • Authors: Johannes Machiel Dreyer; Noor Azlin Yahya; Nik Azyyati Abd Kadir
      Abstract: The campus of the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) is forest plantation research site established since 1926. Urbanization and other development affecting Kuala Lumpur led to FRIM being one of the few remaining green open spaces near the capital city area. To share the benefits of the green space, FRIM opened its grounds to visitors, and it is now a popular site for educational and recreational use by the urbanized population. However, visitor’s opinion may vary about the utilization of FRIM’s facilities as FRIM’s ground is also used for other activities. A study was done to determine what the perceptions of visitors’ were regarding FRIM’s suitability as a natural open space with its associated benefits such as health, quality of life and environmental sustainability and whether it offers a suitable site for environmental learning. From a qualitative study conducted at three sites within FRIM, it was found that FRIM provides in the needs of the surrounding urban population as a natural open space for escape from the city and a very suitable site for environmental learning. Some participants actually expressed a need to introduce further opportunities for environmental learning.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0112-4
       
  • Climate change and potential impacts on tourism: evidence from the
           Zimbabwean side of the Victoria Falls
    • Authors: Kaitano Dube; Godwell Nhamo
      Abstract: Tourism is a crucial development sector that employs thousands of people and contributes to addressing the triple challenge of poverty, inequality and unemployment in previously disadvantaged communities. In Zimbabwe, tourism is a fundamental tool for development that depends on the rich natural resource base to attract international tourists. This paper assesses the evidence of climate variability and change and its potential impact on the global tourist resort of Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. The research made use of over 40 years of meteorological and hydrography data that were supplemented by an online tourist survey that got 369 responses from across the world. Data analysis was conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences and Microsoft Excel Analysis ToolPak. Overall, it emerged that, indeed, climate variability and change is taking place. There has been an increase in the maximum and minimum temperature. The largest temperature increase was recorded in October. A slight increase in rainfall was observed, albeit increased incidence of extreme rainfall and drought events. Delays in the onset of the rainfall season were noticeable with a shift from October to November. Extreme hydrological variations were evident in the flow regime of the falls. The paper concludes that the observed climate variability and change trends have potential effects on the tourism industry, particularly as expressed by the responses from the online survey, which favoured high water flow regimes as providing the best view of the falls. The paper recommends improved communication with tourists including a new climate and hydrological calendar for the resort to manage tourists’ expectations in the light of the noted change.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0118-y
       
  • Reducing the water cost in livestock with adoption of best practices
    • Authors: Julio Cesar Pascale Palhares; Esther R. Afonso; Augusto H. Gameiro
      Abstract: The aims of the study were to propose and evaluate a method to calculate the water cost in livestock production, considering best practices regarding nutritional and waste management. Diets with more nutritional advanced technologies and with the best waste management had the lowest total water cost in all farm sizes. Farmers that did not balance the diets considering nutritional technologies and that use manure as fertilizer with high environmental risk, without considering the nutrient balance, had the most expensive water. The cost of no-point source pollution in the total cost of water represented an average of 99.1% for NB = 1.0, 98.8% for NB = 0.75 and 98.3% for NB = 0.5 for all diets. The percentage of consumption water prices in the total cost of water varied from 0.9 to 1.7%. The study shows that the aggregation of nutrition and waste management has a direct positive impact on the reduction in the cost of water, and indirect positive impacts on the reduction in natural resource consumption by the production system, as well as its polluting potential. The water cost method proposed could contribute to the ongoing debate with respect to sustainable intensification of livestock, and balance of their environmental and economic aspects.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0117-z
       
  • A case study of On-site sanitation system on the quality of groundwater in
           hard rock terrain of Coimbatore city
    • Authors: Rafat Quamar; R. Janipella; C. Jangam; P. Balwant; J. Veligeti; P. Chintalapudi; Paras R. Pujari
      Abstract: The present case study has been undertaken to investigate the impact of On-site sanitation system on groundwater quality in the hard rock settings in Coimbatore city, India. Groundwater samples have been collected from the sites in Coimbatore city where the On-site sanitation systems are installed. The groundwater samples have been analysed for the major physico-chemical parameters and faecal coliform. Critical parameters considered in the analysis are namely nitrate, faecal coliforms and chloride. The presence of faecal coliform in bore wells indicates the contamination from On-site sanitation systems. A comparison of the present study with study carried out in the alluvial settings in India indicates that the contamination of groundwater in the hard rock areas is more as compared to the alluvial settings where On-site sanitation systems have been implemented. It is hypothesized that the secondary porosity in the hard rocks in the form of fractures leads to vulnerability of aquifer as compared to the porous sandy formations in the alluvial settings. It is desired that implementation of On-site sanitation systems in hard rock regions needs to be undertaken after detailed site specific hydrogeological studies.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0116-0
       
  • The capital investment channel of environmental improvement: evidence from
           BRICS
    • Authors: Ekundayo P. Mesagan; Wakeel A. Isola; Kazeem B. Ajide
      Abstract: This study focuses on the channel for improving environmental quality in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). Hence, we interact non-renewable electricity consumption with capital investment to determine the mediating role of capital investment in the nexus between electricity consumption and carbon emission in BRICS. This study applies the fully modified and the dynamic ordinary least squares techniques to conduct this scientific enquiry, and the result suggests that electricity consumption and growth positively and significantly enhance the level of emissions, while capital investment significantly reduces the level of emissions in BRICS. Also, capital investment interacts with non-renewable electricity consumption to improve environmental quality in both approaches employed, thereby reversing the earlier increase in emissions caused by electricity consumption. In addition, we confirm the proposition of the environmental Kuznets curve in BRICS and conclude that capital investment is an important channel for improving environmental quality.
      PubDate: 2018-02-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0110-6
       
  • Profit efficiency of tea farmers: case study of safe and conventional
           farms in Northern Vietnam
    • Authors: Bac Van Ho; Teruaki Nanseki; Yosuke Chomei
      Abstract: Safe tea production conducted under the standards of Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practices has been strongly encouraged by the Vietnam government. However, there is no study on profit efficiency of safe tea producers, which are therefore barriers for farmers and policymakers in terms of extending the safe tea production practice in Vietnam. Thus, this study investigated the profit efficiency of tea production practices using a stochastic profit frontier function. We applied propensity score matching to control for self-selection in assessing the profit efficiency of safe and conventional tea farming. Our results indicated that the average profit efficiency of tea farmers was around 74%, suggesting 26% of profit was lost due to inefficiency. Furthermore, significant different profit efficiency was observed between the two farmer groups. We further found that tea farmers with larger production scale, better irrigation system, accessing extension service are more likely to adopt safe tea practices than others are. Thus, public policies should focus on improving profit efficiency and facilitating adoption of eco-friendly production practice, and also supporting innovations to improve farmers’ production conditions, including the access to extension service, irrigation system, enlarged farm size, and labor-saving machinery.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-0073-z
       
  • Factors influencing the livelihoods of ecological migrants in coal
           mined-out areas in China
    • Authors: Yaozu Xue; Lei Huang
      Abstract: The relocation in coal mined-out areas has a significant impact on migrants’ livelihoods. The present research analyses the factors influencing the ecological migrants’ livelihoods by applying the sustainable livelihood framework based on the sample data collected from key state-owned coal mined-out areas. The structural equation model was employed to explore the main influencing factors of ecological migrants’ livelihoods from the human assets, physical assets, natural assets, social assets and financial assets aspect. Empirical findings show that human assets, natural assets and financial assets are positively associated with livelihoods of ecological migrants in coal mined-out area, while physical assets and social assets are positively associated with livelihoods after relocation with a relatively weaker trend. In addition to this, the present study shows that various other factors including education and skill of householder, number of labours, frequency of family members attending the training, household housing area, self-employed business value and relocation compensation funds of migrants are also positively associated with livelihoods of ecological migrants in coal mined-out areas. The results of present appraisal recommend that policy implications should include further enhancing the quality of human assets, encouraging migrants to run self-employed businesses and enriching the cultural and social services for migrants to enhance the livelihoods of ecological migrants of coal mined-out areas.
      PubDate: 2018-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0106-2
       
  • Trajectory analysis of agricultural lands occupation and its decoupling
           relationships with the growth rate of non-agricultural GDP in the
           Jing-Jin-Tang region, China
    • Authors: Dongchuan Wang; Mengqin Sang; Yong Huang; Liding Chen; Xiangwang Wei; Wengang Chen; Feicui Wang; Jinya Liu; Bingxu Hu
      Abstract: Urbanization leads to the expansion of construction land. The rapid and intense construction land expansion in the Jing-Jin-Tang (Beijing–Tianjin–Tangshan) region has had various impacts on the economic development and natural environments. Based on remote sensing images, trajectory analysis was used to depict the dynamic changes of land use types over past three decades and explore the impact of urban expansion on the environment. Adopting Tapio’s decoupling analysis, we considered the relationship between the rate of change in areas of agricultural land occupied by construction land (ALO) and the non-agricultural GDP (NAGDP) growth rate to determine and compare the ecological consequences and economic impacts of urban expansion between cities with different industrial structures in the region. Our results show that: (1) during the study period, expansion of construction land in Beijing, Tianjin and Tangshan increased first and then decreased. (2) Early in the study period, most of areas converted to construction land had originally been agricultural land, but this gradually changed to include more other land use types. (3) The expansion of construction land not only occupies a large amount of agriculture land and ecological land, but also aggravates urban ecological problems. (4) The decoupling state of Tianjin was more ideal compared with those of Tangshan and Beijing. (5) Finally, the rate of change in ALO area began to decrease over the study period, even though the NAGDP growth rate continually increased in the whole region, meaning that the decoupling states were moving in an ideal direction.
      PubDate: 2018-02-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-0061-3
       
  • Local perceptions of changes in the use and management of floodplain
           fisheries commons: the case of Pak Peung wetland in Lao PDR
    • Authors: Joanne Millar; Wayne Robinson; Lee Baumgartner; Khampheng Homsombath; Malavanh Chittavong; Thonglome Phommavong; Douangkham Singhanouvong
      Abstract: Local perceptions of floodplain fisheries use and management can play an important role in designing adaptive strategies to improve fisheries co-management. This paper explores perceptions of local people on changes in the use and management of floodplain fisheries, using a case study of Pak Peung wetland commons in Lao PDR. The wetland is seasonally inundated from the Mekong River; however, fish migration has been impacted by irrigation development and increasing fishing pressure. Local fishing practices, knowledge and views were captured to inform co-management strategies, including the first fishway designed for Mekong River fish species. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2011 with 81 households from six villages around the wetland. The survey was repeated in 2015 to ascertain any changes in practices and observations of fish migrating up the fishway. Most respondents spent between 10 and 25 h per week fishing and caught from 0.5 to 12 kg per day (average 3 kg), highlighting the part-time and opportunistic nature of seasonal floodplain fishing. Complementary gender roles in exploiting the resource were evident with women catching a wider range of species than men and fishing closer to villages. Respondents said fisheries had declined due to habitat destruction, irrigation development, population increase and illegal fishing methods. Most people wanted stronger regulation and patrolling of fish conservation zones. Several households reported catching fish species not seen in the wetland for many years post-fishway including two endangered species and one vulnerable species. Greater attention to regular enforcement of fisheries rules and gendered perspectives would assist local communities in protecting their floodplains for future generations.
      PubDate: 2018-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0105-3
       
  • Envisaging sustainable rural development through ‘context-dependent
           tourism’: case of northern Cyprus
    • Authors: Resmiye Alpar Atun; Hassina Nafa; Özlem Olgaç Türker
      Abstract: This paper examines conventional forms of tourism-CT and discusses how it can be converted into more diversified forms of tourism-DT by using sustainable rural tourism. Cyprus is used as a case study to show the move away from conventional tourism to a more diversified tourism within a global tourism trends. In order to achieve the utilisation of existing and emerging tourism capacities, a categorisation of tourism approaches is evaluated to assess the extent of sustaining tourism diversification. The paper identifies and discusses the formation and deformation processes of tourism by contextualising and clarifying tourism policies and planning processes at macro- and micro-levels, based on literature analysis and national surveys, including statistics, questionnaires and workshops. This research provides an overall framework in asserting values of different tourism forms to enable capacity utilisation, which refers to the collaborative existence of different forms of tourism and their interaction between each other, in order to balance the impact in achieving a context-based sustainable tourism development. The findings of the research provide groundwork for long-term tourism management on developing strategies, policies on future sustainable development forecasting.
      PubDate: 2018-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0100-8
       
  • A conceptual framework to assess ecological quality of urban green space:
           a case study in Mashhad city, Iran
    • Authors: Hadi Soltanifard; Elham Jafari
      Abstract: This study evaluates the green space ecological quality with regard to its spatial properties. It investigates how the spatial properties of green space patches affect ecological aspects of municipal green spaces of Mashhad in Iran. The importance and necessity of this investigation is to develop a concept to evaluate the quality of urban green patches based on the perspective and method of landscape ecology. In accordance with our objectives, the quality concept is defined by quantitative (size, area, density) and qualitative (shape, complexity, connectivity) factors as referred to spatial configuration and composition of landscape structure. However, to have a better understanding of the quality concept, we explored the relationship between landscape variables and ecological quality by spatial analysis and correlation tests. We (1) drew the urban green space map by images processing, (2) quantified landscape metrics for the green space patches, (3) analyzed and represented the metric value spatially, (4) calculated ecological quality and drew the grade map, (5) measured the Pearson correlation coefficients and linear regression between ecological quality and each landscape metric. Results of this study provided the evidence to study ecological quality by integrating metrics map and analyzing spatial heterogeneity in Mashhad city. Results showed that the extent and continuity of the green spaces were too low to effectively support some key ecological services. Additionally, the Pearson’s correlation coefficients and linear regression revealed strong relationships between ecological quality and most landscape metrics except LSI. Although it was expected that the qualitative variables of green space had higher influence on the ecological quality, quantitative variables had the highest effect due to the origin and nature of the green patches.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0103-5
       
  • Hydrological response-based watershed prioritization in semiarid, basaltic
           
    • Authors: Ajaykumar Kadam; Animesh S. Karnewar; Bhavana Umrikar; R. N. Sankhua
      Abstract: Watersheds from semiarid regions are more sensitive to hydrological processes and sustainability of water resources than humid regions. Hence, it is indispensable to determine the response of watersheds to hydrological processes for water resource management. Thus, the hydrological response-based watershed prioritization study has been undertaken for eight sub-watersheds from semiarid, basaltic region of Western Ghats of India. Intent to this, a novel index has been parameterized using thematic layers such as drainage density, geology, soil, slope, landform classification, land use/land cover, rainfall and runoff (DGSLR). This study evaluates the performance of DGSLR index using three models, namely analytical hierarchy process (AHP), frequency ratio (FR) and fuzzy logic for sub-watershed-wise prioritization. The FR ratio showed the highest value for very high drainage density (8.73) indicating most probability for a high hydrological response. According to AHP weight, most influencing factors to hydrological processes are precipitation (25%), slope (19%) and land use/land cover (14%) followed by landform classification (11%). These three methods are prioritized study area into four classes, i.e., very high, high, moderate and low using area-weighted average method. These models showed that very high-priority area lies near the outlet of the watershed as well as the upper part of the watershed in high to very high priority in all three models. It covers 33.12% of the total area having a high average slope with high drainage density in sub-watersheds 1, 3, 7 and 8. The predictive capability of DGSLR index was computed by the area under the curve (AUC) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) method, revealed average accuracy for FR method (AUC = 89%) better than AHP method (AUC = 77%) and fuzzy logic (AUC = 76%). This novel index could be used by the water resources researchers and planners in any terrain to understand the hydrological response.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0104-4
       
  • Comparative study of carbon footprint of energy and water in hotels of
           Canary Islands regarding mainland Spain
    • Authors: Francisco Javier Díaz Pérez; David Chinarro; Adib Guardiola Mouhaffel; Ricardo Díaz Martín; Mª Rosa Pino Otín
      Abstract: In this study, we estimate the emissions in terms of category of hotel, with the data of a sample of 12 hotels of 5, 4 and 3 stars in the Canary Islands (Spain), located in the most arid eastern islands of the archipelago, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, where there are a total of 122 hotels and this sampling represents 10% of the hotels of these islands where water for consumption comes from desalination plants using seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO), which was chosen. Water consumption was measured not considering consumption due to irrigation and swimming pools and comparing the generation of water by means of desalination plants of the hotels or external plant centralized with public distribution. Considering the energy and water consumption of the hotels in the study, their carbon footprints, scope 1 and 2 and obtaining average values of emissions between 14.23 kg CO2/person night (CO2/p) for hotels with own SWRO and 15.16 CO2/p for hotels with external water distribution. These data were compared to hotels with the same characteristics and consumptions in mainland Spain, proving that average emissions from the islands for the energy are 1.27 higher and for water production are 3.89 higher for own SWRO and 7.87 superior for distribution by centralized external SWRO. The Canary Islands, as a sensitive and vulnerable tourist destination, with their external energy dependence, their great ecological value, and their need for water desalination, make for a good laboratory to test the application of measures and improvements in the systems of industrial water generation, and in the conservation of energy in buildings, to try to turn these establishments into nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB).
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0102-6
       
  • Extending communities of practice: a partnership model for sustainable
           schools
    • Authors: Mary Moore; Paul O’ Leary; Derek Sinnott; Jane Russell O’ Connor
      Abstract: Eco Schools was established in 1994 following the UN Earth Summit in 1992 and the publication of the outcome document, Agenda 21. This began a sustainable approach to school management, with the implementation of an ISO-based Environmental Management System (EMS). At this time, EMSs were also beginning to be used formally in the industrial sector and were proving quite effective. However, in the school sector, there were many challenges including the technical aspects of facilities management and also the added necessity of addressing curriculum requirements. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) was also an outcome theme of the UN Earth Summit, and to date, the literature and national documents are still citing challenges facing teachers in the implementation of effective ESD. This paper proposes a conceptual model of a triadic partnership between school Communities of Practice, higher education institutions and local industry, with the aim of facilitating a sustainable approach in schools, while simultaneously supporting teachers to embed ESD principles in the curriculum, thereby increasing the sustainability literacy of both current and future generations.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0101-7
       
 
 
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