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Academic Leadership Journal in Student Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2325-3223
Published by Fort Hays State University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Rural Community College Student Perceptions of Barriers to College

    • Authors: Shanda Scott et al.
      Abstract: Rural community college students face unique difficulties in higher education for many reasons, including the resources they typically have access to, their collective histories, and in many cases, the preparation they received in high school. These challenges might be low-performing secondary schools, a lack of tradition and precedence in attending college, and even limited technology connectivity. These difficulties can be seen as barriers to college attendance, and it is important to understand how rural community college students see these barriers, and even more important to understand how they can be overcome. The current study sought to take the first step in understanding what inhibits college student enrollment by exploring self-reported barriers to community college matriculation. Using two case study institutions and a modified survey instrument, results largely supported existing research in that preparation for postsecondary education and finances were critical in deciding whether or not to enroll in the community college. Additionally, parental enrollment in higher education was perceived to play a role in attending college, validating the growing literature base on college attendance, in general, and rural students in particular. Somewhat contradictory to the literature of rural education, however, was the finding that technology connectivity was not seen as a barrier to education.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:55 PST
  • An Examination of Considerations for the Future of Global English

    • Authors: Nathan Riedel
      Abstract: The driving force behind Globalization is Capitalism. As capitalists search for new avenues of investment and production, they must cross borders. The system morphs into a web of interdependent cultures and economies, with each culture and economy communicating with all the others. If these economies exist in different countries with different cultures, then language barriers become an issue. Furthermore, as Capitalism spreads to more cultures in a quest to fulfill profit requirements, more languages enter the global mix. A system consisting of five languages will eventually become a system consisting of nine or ten languages—the lines of communication become heavy and bogged-down. Also, more citizens across the world want a more global society, and communication will become essential to such a move (Mitrani, 2013).
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:51 PST
  • The Conflict of Commodification of Traditional Higher Education

    • Authors: Jarrad Plante
      Abstract: Moving into the 21st century, the landscape of the traditional higher education institution has changed, including its model of conducting business. Students in the millennial generation see higher education as a commodity, where learning can be acquired through different delivery systems. It is imperative that organizational leaders, like those in colleges and universities, improve, effectively responding to changing environments at their institutions. Double-loop learning (Rahim, 2011; Senge, 2013) is a formative method of organizational effectiveness that allows top managers to focus on the underpinning of conflicts like commodification of higher education and use strategic decision-making processes to recognize and accept the commodification trends and determine a course of action to improve their campus for the long-term. Force field analysis (Lewin, 1943) determined the driving and restraining forces of whether or not top leaders at colleges and universities throughout traditional higher education should view their institutions as commodities and concluded that the driving forces were more than the restraining forces, and change process was needed to re-establish equilibrium.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:48 PST
  • Risky Choice Decisions from a Tri-Reference Point Perspective

    • Authors: Kevin L. Kenney
      Abstract: Decision theories, such as Prospect Theory, have long made use of reference points. Tri- Reference Point Theory, in contrast to other theories, proposes more than a single point of reference. The three reference points—minimum requirement (MR), status quo (SQ), and goals (G)—were manipulated between gambles in the present study. As part of their participation, 119 undergraduate students from a large Midwestern university were asked to choose between two gambles and then rate the importance of each of three reference points manipulated in the study. A series of logistic regressions were used to determine if rated importance of a reference point predicted the likelihood of choosing a specific gamble that would allow them to reach that reference point. Findings from this study imply that multiple reference points should be considered in future research of human decision making.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:45 PST
  • A Diverse Clinical-Based Practice in Teacher Education

    • Authors: Shelby Gottschalk et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine if offering a virtual clinical-based practice would affect teacher candidates’ level of confidence in teaching diverse students. During 2012-2014, data were collected using a pre- and post-Likert scale questionnaire. A paired two sample t-test was utilized to determine if there was a significant difference in mean scores from the pre- to the postquestionnaire. Increases were found in all questionnaire items with five of the items showing a significant increase at the α=.01 level. The results suggest that a virtual clinical-based practice may provide an authentic experience for teacher candidates, may lead teacher candidates to be become more aware and take a positive approach to students’ differences, and that the teacher candidates’ comfort level with unfamiliar situations posed by students from diverse backgrounds may increase. A future implication is that colleges of education may want to consider adding a virtual clinical-based practice to existing diversity education classes. However, more research needs to be conducted to determine if virtual clinical-based practices are equal to or better than on-site clinical-based practices in an attempt to increase teacher candidates’ levels of confidence in teaching diverse students.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:42 PST
  • In Search of a Proper Role for First-Year Composition in the Two-Year
           Open-Enrollment College

    • Authors: Stephen M. Combs
      Abstract: The search for a common model of instruction in first-year composition began in the 1960s when composition first began to separate from literature in college English departments. Because writing is essentially a methods course with no standard curriculum as one might find in physics or economics, a common model has been elusive. A sign that consensus may be developing came in 2011 when an alliance of three professional organizations published its “Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing.” Its recommendations consist of departures from some of the discipline’s long-cherished practices. Many of these recommendations appeared in scholarly articles more than three decades ago.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:40 PST
  • Helping Students Understand Health Statistics

    • Authors: Adam J. Armijo et al.
      Abstract: Mathematical and statistical information is often presented to patients after receiving health care. Previous research would suggest that people often have difficulty understanding statistical information, especially when it is presented in a single event probability format. According to previous research, the difficulty arises from numerical literacy, presentation format and an interaction of both. The goal of the current study is to determine the accuracy of students’ estimates of having an STD, after receiving a positive test result in a simulated clinical setting. Three different formats were manipulated to help students understand the statistical information frequencies, single event probability, and an icon array. Contrary to previous research, a three step hierarchical logistic regression determined that none of the formats were aiding in the accuracy of students’ estimates of having chlamydia. In fact, very few students estimated the correct likelihood they had an STD after receiving a positive test result. Possible limitations and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:37 PST
  • Training the Peer-Review Process:Perspectives from Research, Subject
           Matter Experts,and Personal Experience

    • Authors: April Rowland et al.
      Abstract: The processes and protocols for mentoring inexperienced peer reviewers is an important topic if the scientific community is to maintain high standards for empirical work. A review of the literature, interviews, and personal experience as a mentee revealed a variety of different protocols and procedures. This paper highlights the current state of the peer review process from the empirical literature, interviews, and personal experience. Results indicate that there are no established, evidence-based, protocols for training new peer reviewers.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:25 PST
  • Establishing a Learning Community to Support Research and Scholarly
           Training: A Case Study

    • Authors: Jane Mills et al.
      Abstract: This paper examines the concept of learning communities as defined in the literature. An existing case study is described, and the issues that facilitated and constrained the development of this learning community are considered and discussed. Strategies to address threats to the ongoing viability and usefulness of a learning community to support research training are offered. The influence of leadership styles and their interaction with the theoretical underpinnings of the concept of learning communities is used to support the argument.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:07:07 PST
  • Bridging the Health, Safety, and Environment Risk Management Proficiency
           Gap for Future Petroleum Engineers

    • Authors: Mohammad Alkazimi et al.
      Abstract: Health, Safety, and Environment Risk Management performance has become essential in the upstream industry due to the evolving complexity of the processes. In recent years, accidents in the oil and gas industries have resulted in catastrophic consequences as they captured the news and had an overwhelming impact to health, the environment, the financial sector, and social aspects of both the companies and their customers. Health, Safety and Environment Risk Management specialists and professionals play a major role in mitigating both risk and consequences of hazards as they assure that companies comply with different standards and perform best-recommended practices. Most of these professionals are engineers who have undergone intensive training courses by their employer as part of professional development programs. Subsequently, they continue their career path as HSE specialists once they successfully complete the program. Unfortunately, there is a gap where academia lacks the adequate educational knowledge base in Health, Safety and Environment Risk Management to establish the necessary knowledge for potential candidates in that field. This paper defines the establishment of “Health, Safety and Environment Risk Management in the Oil Industry” course in the Petroleum Engineering Department at Missouri University of Science and Technology. Not only it is designed to cover the technical aspects of HSE in the oil and gas industry, but it also enhances soft skills many students tend to overlook such as communications skills, safety awareness, ethical responsibilities, and most importantly, creating safety culture by exposing HSE awareness and knowledge to cater to the oil and gas industry. This course will be the corner stone for establishing a new petroleum engineering focus area where the department tries to expand it into a certificate program by collaborating with other departments on campus which offer different courses on a variety of topics related to HSE.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 14:06:59 PST
  • Tyco International Ltd. Case Study: The Implications of Unethical Behavior

    • Authors: Lori M. Thanos
      Abstract: The following analysis of the Tyco International Ltd. (Tyco) case will discuss an historical summary of Tyco, including a backdrop on its former CEO, Dennis Kozlowski and Tyco’s culture at the time. The case will also define the role of ethical leadership’s contribution to the organizational success and the unethical and illegal conduct of Tyco’s leaders including the costs to its internal and external stakeholders, such as gross misappropriation of company funds on personal expenditures and duplicitous stock sales. Additionally, the case study will describe the importance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) to the organization, specifically, how Tyco failed to meet its CSR obligations. It also depicts the consequences to stakeholders with regard to cultural, environmental, and legal implications of CSR failures. Further, an examination is made of the outcome and punishment of events including the fairness of those punishments. Finally, the study will propose recommendations for ethical behavior with regard to corporate actions and organizational sustainability.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:59:05 PST
  • The International Curriculum: Current Trends and Emerging Needs

    • Authors: Jesse Jones Richter
      Abstract: This paper examines the current state of tertiary level international curricula and provides groundwork for future research aimed at ongoing needs. Recognized is the premise that existing international curricular programs require maintenance. Burn (1995) called for curriculum reform in international departments two decades ago with the rationale that effective programming will consider both the near and distant future contexts of the business world. Devine (1993) provided some evidence of progress in the same era, but it is uncertain whether or not this was a sustained or isolated event. Additionally, there tends to be a mix in thought about what exactly constitutes an international curriculum: should it focus on students (Ledwith & Seymour, 2001; Mahon, 2007; Martin, 2009) or also involve faculty (Hung, 2000; Bryant, Karney, & Vigier, 2010; Colbert, 2010)' Should it be confined to the classroom or also include extracurricular and foreign exchange programs (Eagan and Benedick, 2008)' What components are characteristic of a functional international curriculum (Devine, 1993)' Lastly, is it possible to achieve an international curriculum model that fits all schools, or is it more appropriate to craft tailored programs according to the particular institution and student/faculty populations (Devine, 1993; Hung, 2000)' This paper explores these issues in the context of relevant literature and recommends directions for future research.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:59:02 PST
  • The Impact of Cultural Difference on International Business Negotiations

    • Authors: Dongya Marcia Qu
      Abstract: As Manrai and Manrai (2010) demonstrate, “international business negotiations (IBN) play a fundamental and critical role in just about every aspect of conducting business in today’s global economy” (p. 69). With increasing integration of globalization and the rapid development of international trade, international business negotiation has become an indispensable part of commercial activity. Metcalf, Bird, Peterson Shankarmahesh and Lituchy (2007) point out that “business negotiation involves two or more distinct entities with various cultural backgrounds” (p. 147). Research from Graham (1985), Foster (1992), Li and Zhang (2004), and Bülow and Kumar (2011) demonstrates that cultural difference largely impacts the success of international business negotiations.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:58:58 PST
  • The Potential Application of Servant Leadership

    • Authors: Rusiana M. Mitau
      Abstract: This article discusses the concept of servant leadership as advanced by Robert Greenleaf and others. By exploring and elaborating what Robert Greenleaf and others have had to say about the servant leadership model, the article creates a connection and relationship between values, a focus on service and six sigma business strategies to create a lasting value for all. This article argues that the application of the servant leadership model in today’s organizational context may improve business results. Empirical research will need to be carried out to provide specific empirical data on implementation of the model to demonstrate that servant leadership is the model for today and the future.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:58:55 PST
  • The Effect of Standardized Testing on Historical Literacy and Educational
           Reform in the U.S.

    • Authors: Julie Hisey Maranto
      Abstract: Public education in America has an impressive history of success in equipping students with literacy that extends back to the earliest days of our nation. Education was a high priority for the original settlers in America who, motivated by their religious convictions, eagerly sought mastery and dissemination of literacy skills throughout the population. For most of the Protestant settlers, their beliefs derived from the doctrines of the Reformation and they considered the ability to read as a fundamental necessity for grounding citizens in the tenets of their faith as well as their government.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:58:52 PST
  • Can Cyberactivism Effectuate Global Political Change'

    • Authors: Serena Garcia
      Abstract: Targeted activist strategies propel social justice movements to devise creative mechanisms in an effort to gain momentum. This discussion paper will analyze if cyberactivism can effectuate global political change. Varying views will be illustrated demonstrating the efficacy and the lack of efficacy of cyberactivism in its attempt to impact global political change. Comparisons and data analyses will assess the impact of communication media and the Internet, Internet connectivity of people, and impact of online technology on social movements. Research studies will gauge online communication tools, benefits/wins and challenges of cyberactivism, and future assumptions. Examples of cyberactivism strategies will illustrate how online technology has impacted political change in different regions of the world. The available evidence suggests that cyberactivism has created new ways for people to connect for the purpose of change despite where they live or identity differences. Although researchers may disagree about the efficacy of cyberactivism on global political change, the Internet still provides the essential platform for debate and information sharing.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:58:49 PST
  • The Value of Teaching Preparation During Doctoral Studies: An Example of a
           Teaching Practicum

    • Authors: Jeffrey D. Edwards
      Abstract: For doctoral students who seek faculty appointments in academic settings upon graduation, it is imperative those students have access to quality mentoring, direct instruction, and experiential opportunities to apply effective teaching methods during their training. Currently, some doctoral programs are beginning to develop teaching practicums which provide essential skills and experiences for doctoral students. The purpose of this paper is to describe best practices in the field of education and provide examples of post-graduate programs that are providing training and teaching opportunities to graduate assistants. One existing teaching practicum course offered at a public university in the southeast is described in detail. In addition, to support the value of a teaching practicum during doctoral training, narrative accounts from two doctoral students and a faculty mentor who participated in a teaching practicum is provided.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:30:46 PST
  • Learning Leaders Require Business Acumen: Instructional Design
           Professionals at the Corporate Leadership Table

    • Authors: Caroline Ward Oda
      Abstract: Noting the increase in shifting markets, technological changes, and unstable world politics, Clark and Gottfredson (2008: 4) make a compelling argument for individual and corporate learning: “to continuously acquire new knowledge and skills assets during or ahead of changes in the market.” Their article contends that learning agility is the key to organizational success in the turbulent business environment of the twenty-first century. Within their argument, the need to understand business trends, marketing and global business practices is a leitmotif in the call for learning at every level of an organization. They predict that learning will expand from the purview of Chief Learning Officers (CLOs) and Human Resource departments to a responsibility shared with managers and front-line employees.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:09:45 PST
  • Motivational Techniques: Positively Impacting Students from Middle School
           through College

    • Authors: Joseph E. Walter
      Abstract: In the United States, our children face a number of factors that influence their behavior. Children’s peers, parents and even the media, especially television, heavily influence students. Because of these influences, it can be difficult to motivate students in the classroom to strive for and achieve success. The purpose of this article is to discuss the influential factors that affect children from middle school through college, and discuss ways to help motivate students to achieve success.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:09:42 PST
  • Online Learning and Post-Secondary Expectations: Bridging the Gap from
           Academic Leaders to Instructors

    • Authors: Marian Muldrow
      Abstract: Because of the increase of online learning on college campuses, some researchers primarily concern themselves with student perceptions to online learning (Jain, Jain, & Jain, 2011). Others are concerned with the changes they would consider beneficial through the instructor perspective (Lederman & Jaschik, 2013). Both groups want to determine the breakdown between the structure of online courses and student success. Therefore, attention needs to be turned to the academic leaders such as the coordinators, directors, and deans of distance learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 12:09:39 PST
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Heriot-Watt University
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