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Journal Cover Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 0976-7614
   Published by Society of Open Science Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among
           Staphylococcus aureus collection at Sebha medical center

    • Authors: Khadija M. Ahmad; Almahdi A.M. Alamen, Fatima A. Atiya, Abdelkader A. Elzen
      Abstract: The prevalence of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has increased during the last few years in healthcare facilities, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRSA) in particular has emerged as a serious nosocomial pathogen because it is difficult to destroy and treat. Therefore this study was carried on to find out the frequency of MRSA among S. aureus isolates as well as to study their susceptibility profile. In this study, 43 strains of S. aureus were recovered from different departments at Sebha medical center and their antibiotic resistance profile was studied using Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method. Out of all 43 isolates, 16% were detected as MRSA using cefoxitin disk test. The strains that are resistant to erythromycin were further tested for inducible clindamycin resistance (ICR) using D-test. In this study, two strains showed ICR phenotype. While all isolates were 100% sensitive to vancomycin, the majority of isolates were resistant to ß-lactam group antibiotics. We observed that 14% of all isolates were resistant to ß-lactamase inhibitor. The response of S. aureus isolates to other antibiotics e.g. quinolone, aminoglycosides, tetracycline and macrolides was variable. In our study, it seemed to be vancomycin is the only antibiotic that still keeping its potency and it can be used for treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant MRSA.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Increased level of miRNA 30b-3p in patients with prostatic hyperplasia and
           testosterone with high-level of prostate-specific antigen

    • Authors: Wasnaa Jumaa Mohammad; Ban Hussein Hameedi, Noor Alhuda Khalil Iberahim
      Abstract: Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common causing cancer-related in death in men and lack of reliable diagnostic tool. MicroRNAs are small molecules single-stranded RNA that affecting protein expression at the level of translation and dysregulation can dramatically affect cell metabolism. However, the using of circulating miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for diagnosis of PCa is still unknown. Methods: Ten patients with prostatic hyperplasia with high-level of PSA and 10 healthy controls were conducted in this study. The reverse transcription of miRNA based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used for evaluating the dysregulation of miRNA 30b-3p and using of ELISA to evaluate the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and testosterone hormone. Results: Circulating miRNA 30b-3p level was increased in patients with prostatic hyperplasia with higher level of PSA as compared with healthy controls. Also, the testosterone hormone was increased in those patients as compared with normal level of testosterone in healthy individuals. Conclusion: The serum miRNA 30b-3p level increased in patients with hyperplasia in prostate and may be one of potential biomarker for diagnosis of PCa.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Population Dynamics of Helminth Parasites in Fresh Water Fishes Channa
           punctatus and Heteropneustes fossilis in Moradabad, U.P., India

    • Authors: Neelam Kumari; Shalini Roy
      Abstract: In the present report two types of fish Channa punctatus (Bloch) and Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) were examined to explore the status of helminthic infection in fishes from various water bodies of Moradabad district. The Acanthocephalans, Nematodes and Trematode parasites were detected from gastrointestinal tract and body cavity of host during the study period from January 2017 to March 2017. Intestine was found to be highly infected site in the host fish Channa punctatus while in Heteropneustes fossilis, trematodes were localized in skin muscles only and the highest prevalence (70%) of all the parasites was observed in the month of February 2017, however highest abundance (0.89), highest intensity (1.34) and highest index of infection (0.61) was recorded in the month of March 2017 along with the highest loss in body weight (0.153kg.) along with highest mortality.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • First record of Neogerris assimilis Anderson, 1975 from India with
           Description of Copulatory Complex

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Jagvir Singh, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: The genus Neogerris is recorded for the first time from India. The copulatory complex, a feature of a great taxonomic significance is studied and described for the first time.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Toxicity Studies in Three Indian Major Carps under Stress of Malathion

    • Authors: Lalit Pathak; R. S. Saxena, H. N. Sharma
      Abstract: Malathion is the important pesticide used in Indian conditions. This pesticide in turn through rain wash goes to water ecosystem and affects aquatic fauna especially fishes. Indian carps are major source of food in most of the population. It is necessary to study the toxicity standards and bioassay in Indian major carps under stress of malathion.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Remarkable Description of a new Species of Apocryptus, 1932

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Satish Chandra, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: The genus Apocryptus is established by Uchida in 1932 for the species Apocryptus issikii. The genus is distinguished by truncate apical margin with a pair of tubercles at the middle. The genus is known by two species viz., Apocryptus tikari Gupta & Gupta, 1983 and Apocryptus flavofacies Gupta & Gupta, 1983 from India. A new species of Apocryptus, Apocryptus indicus is described from India as a key for identification.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Sugar Mill Effluent Induced Histological Changes in Kidney of Channa
           punctatus

    • Authors: Suman Prakash; Ajay Capoor
      Abstract: Sugar is everyday need of every human being. Sugar is produced from sugar mills situated in various parts of our country. Sugar mills produced a large amount of sugar with many types of byproducts which finally went into water sources (mainly rivers) as effluents. This effluent contains high amount of toxic elements with wide range of chemicals. This will definitely affect life of aquatic organisms like fishes in rivers. The present study is designed to carefully observe the histological changes produced by toxic substances present in Chatta sugar mill effluent in kidney of Channa punctatus.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Identification and Description of Copulatory Complex in Tarsotrechus
           polhemi Anderson, 1980

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Jagvir Singh, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: The genus Tarsotrechus described by Anderson. Belonging to subfamily Eotrechinae Anderson, 1975 is represented by a single species, Tarsotrechus polhemi Anderson, 1980. The present contribution provides an account of copulatory complex of the species for the first.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Report of a new species of Myrmeleono stenus Uchida, 1936 from India
           (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Satish Chandra, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: The genus Myrmeleono stenus was described by Uchida in 1936 with Myrmeleono babai as its type species. A new species of the genus Myrmeleono indicus is described in the present contribution with its distinguishing characters.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Study of Some Water Quality Parameters of Karvan River at Sadabad District
           Hathras

    • Authors: Pravin Kumar; A. K. Paliwal
      Abstract: Pollution of water is responsible for a very large number of mortalities and incapacitation in the world polluted state of the water resources has led to water without which vital activities are not possible on this planet, has also been adversely affected by all kinds of activities of human beings. Water pollution of river is said to be polluted when the water in it is altered in composition directly or indirectly as a result of man’s activities. During recent years it has also been estimated that river Karvan water quality has also degraded by dumping of flowers, ashes, bones of dead bodies after cremation, bathing the cattle and washing the clothes due to which oxygen supply in water is reduced. In the present investigation the water quality of river Karvan at Sadabad, district Hathras has been observed to be of substandard quality because of various untreated industrial effluents, domestic sewage etc. merged inside the river.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Studies on External Morphology of the Indian Water Boatmen, Micronecta
           Striata, Fieb. (Corixidae, Hemiptera: Heteroptera)

    • Authors: Sunil Kumar; Y. C. Gupta
      Abstract: The order Hemiptera is divided into two suborders, the Heteroptera and Homoptera. The water boatmen Micronecta striata (Fieb.), 1808 belongs to the suborder Heteroptera which is characterized by base of rostrum usually not touching anterior coxae, gular region usually well developed, long pronotum large, forewings usually thickened basally and membranous apically, hind wings membranous, both pairs folded flat over the back with apices overlapping, tarsi normally three-segmented.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
 
 
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