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Journal Cover Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 0976-7614
   Published by Society of Open Science Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Evaluation some Biochemical Levels in Patients undergoing Hemodialysis in
           Baghdad Governorate

    • Authors: Hussein Faleh Hassen; Makarim Qassim Dawood Al-Lami, Ali J Hashim Al-Saedi
      Abstract: The objective of investigating some biochemical parameters like urea, creatinine, Hb and other parameters as CRP and leptin in the serum of ESRD patients on hemodialysis pre-dialysis. Method: Sample of 250 cases which consists of the patient with ESRD, their mean ages were 52.66 ± 12.55 years with ranged from 18-83. Moreover, under hemodialysis treatment not less than three months. Apparently, 20 healthy subjects were selected as (control) for comparison. Results: The results showed that there was a significant increase (p<0.01) in the serum urea, creatinine, CRP, and leptin. While, revealed significant (p< 0.05) decrease in the levels of uric acid, serum glucose, albumin, inorganic phosphorus, potassium, Hb and platelet in patients before dialysis compared to the control group. Non-significant (p>0.05) is in total cholesterol, calcium and total protein in patients undergoing hemodialysis which was compared to the control group. It is concluded from the findings of the present study, it shows a highly significant increased serum concentration of leptin as well as, elevated serum values of CRP. Whereas a highly significant decrease in GFR and CrCl result from loss of the ability of the kidney to clearance. Also, abnormal mineral parameters and hematological parameters. According to the results of this study, serum total protein and cholesterol cannot be used, as a diagnostic marker of nutrition disorders in patients on regular hemodialysis requires further investigation and clarification.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Heavy metal and antibiotic resistance of Acinetobacter spp. isolated from
           diesel fuel polluted

    • Authors: Kais Kassim Ghaima; Noor Saad Lateef, Zainab Thamer Khaz'al
      Abstract: Heavy metals pollution of soil and wastewater is a global problem that threatens the environment as they are not degraded or removed and the potential threat to human health comes from the multiple resistances to heavy metals and antibiotics among bacterial populations. The present study was aimed to isolate and identify multiple metal/antibiotic resistant Acinetobacter spp. from diesel fuel polluted soil of Al-Dora, Baghdad, Iraq. Initially, a total of 24 bacterial cultures (coded KNZ–1 to KNZ–24) were isolated and identified up to genus level as Acinetobacter by morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics. Screening of heavy metals resistant Acinetobacter were conducted by streaking the isolates on nutrient agar plates supplemented with different concentrations: 10, 25, 50 and 100mg/L of the three heavy metals; Hg2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+. Out of 24 isolates, 6 (25%) isolates (KNZ–3, KNZ–5, KNZ–8, KNZ–12, KNZ–16 and KNZ–21) were selected as a multiple heavy metal resistant (MHMR) Acinetobacter with maximum tolerable concentrations (MTCs); 100–200mg/L for Hg2+, 300-600mg/L for Cd2+ and 100–300mg/L for Pb2+. Antibiotic resistance pattern of the selected MHMR isolates was determined by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method against 12 different antibiotics belonging to 7 classes. Out of 6 isolates, 4 isolates were multidrug resistance (MDR) with varying degrees. Among them isolate, KNZ–16 showed a wide range of resistance to all tested antibiotics except Levofloxacin and Imipenem. It was concluded that dual resistant Acinetobacter is useful in the bioremediation of environments polluted with heavy metals especially the biodegradation of organic pollutants.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Two new species of Hedycryptus Cameron, 1903 from India (Hymenoptera:
           Ichneumonidae)

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Satish Chandra, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: Genus Hedycryptus established by Cameron in 1903 for the species, H. filicornis Cameron. Two new species of the genus viz., H. noidensis sp.nov. and H. baijali sp.nov. are recorded from India and described.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Description of copulatory complex of Eotrechus kalidasa Kirkaldy, 1902
           (Hemiptera: Heteroptera, Gerridae)

    • Authors: Kanhiya Mahour; Jagvir Singh, V. K. Khandelwal
      Abstract: The genus Eotrechus Kirk, 1903 belonging to subfamily Eotrechinae Anderson, 1975 is represented by a single species Eotrechus kalidasa Kirk, 1902 in India. The description of species by Kirk, 1903, Distant, 1903, Paiva, 1919 and Lundblad, 1933 has not taken into account the structure of copulatory complex, a feature of great taxonomic significant. The present contribution provides the description copulatory complex of Eotrechus kalidasa for the first time.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
 
 
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