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Journal Cover Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1821-1283 - ISSN (Online) 2406-0674
   Published by Institute of Economic Sciences Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Notes from the Editor-in-Chief

    • Authors: Mirjana Radović-Marković
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • A Generational Approach to Female Entrepreneurship in Europe

    • Authors: Peter Ester, Amelia Román
      Pages: 1 - 27
      Abstract: Female entrepreneurship is still a limited phenomenon in European countries and its promotion ranks high on the EU policy agenda. Various frameworks have been offered to explain the main structural differences in entrepreneurship between men and women, emphasizing a variety of underlying factors. With a novel approach, this paper argues that due to a process of generation renewal the numerical difference between male and female entrepreneurship will diminish. Generation replacement is seen by sociologists and other social scientists as the motor behind cultural renewal. Our core interest in this paper in developing such a dynamic interpretation within the European context is the role of different generations (Silent Generation, Babyboomers, Generation X, Millennials). Younger cohorts of females are hypothesized to be more pro entrepreneurship and pro self-employment both in terms of attitudes, intentions, and behaviors, compared to older cohorts. They are furthermore assumed to converge with their male generation members in this regard. This paper empirically tests these two hypotheses by analyzing multi cross-sectional European data from the Eurobarometer over a span of thirty-five years (1980-2015). Results show that this generational approach sheds new light on explaining trends in female entrepreneurship. We find evidence of an increased growth in female entrepreneurship that can be attributed to generation replacement. This rise in total female entrepreneurship is characterized by diversity among European countries in the study. Positive attitudes toward entrepreneurship are essential to considering future self-employment. Education is a key factor. Female entrepreneurship, it is predicted, will become more prominent in Europe.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • Formative Factors for Entrepreneurial Motivation of Women Entrepreneurs of
           Jammu and Kashmir in India: A Case of Binary Logistic

    • Authors: Saif Siddiqui, Sumaira Jan
      Pages: 28 - 44
      Abstract: Various dimensions of entrepreneurship are being explored, among women and men, of both developing and developed nations. Innovative entrepreneurship has acquired an indispensable place in the regional development of the nations, but subsistence entrepreneurship is widespread in developing nations like India. It is even prevalent, where innovative entrepreneurship is not common. Hence, the determinants of entrepreneurial motivation also vary at both levels of entrepreneurship.  This study uses binary logistic regression to explore the impact of various independent variables on the motivation of the 405 women entrepreneurs of the state of Jammu & Kashmir in India. The empirical analysis reveals that only eight out of fifteen variables used are significant in motivating women entrepreneurs. Hence, we propose a model to incorporate insignificant factors, innovativeness and risk-taking into the formative factors of entrepreneurial motivation to upgrade the scenario of entrepreneurship from mere subsistence to innovative so as to ensure regional development.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • Financial Performances of the Serbian Enterprises Depending on the
           Director’s Gender

    • Authors: Slavica Stevanović, Vladimir Simović
      Pages: 45 - 64
      Abstract: The main objective of this paper is the analysis of incidence of woman directors within selected group of enterprises operating on the Republic of Serbia market and the analysis of their business success. The specific objective is directed towards comparative analysis of business success of the enterprises managed by woman and enterprises managed by man. The research methodology is based on financial, descriptive and comparative analysis. The success measures are based on selected profit and cash flow margins. The research object is the group of medium-sized enterprises engaged in processing industry in Serbia and classified by gender of the directors. The success indicators are determined using the financial reports published by Serbian business registers agency. The quantitative and qualitative analysis of the financial reports is for the period between 2010 and 2015. The analysis results show that the women are the directors in 15% of the medium-sized enterprises in processing industry in Serbia. The average values of success indicators in enterprises managed by women are lower compared with the enterprises managed by man. The business success analysis on a yearly base shows different relations between classified enterprises depending on indicators and used year.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • E-Learning as a Tool for Empowering Entrepreneurship

    • Authors: Mirjana Radović-Marković, Dušan Marković, Vladimir Simović, Zorica Medić, Jovan Zivadinović
      Pages: 65 - 72
      Abstract: Distance learning is a specific form of education which can be applied in many different areas in order to enable the improvement of the skills and competencies of the people who have decided to learn this way. The advantages of distance learning based on IT are numerous and more than obvious. The question we are trying to address in this paper is whether e-learning can be used for empowering entrepreneurship. For that purpose, we have designed and conducted a research and the results of that research are presented in this paper. The overall conclusion is that e-learning programs specially designed for entrepreneurs can be used as a tool for empowering young people competencies in this area and especially in countries with inadequate system of formal education, like Serbia.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • Women Entrepreneurship in Function of Improving Tourist Offer

    • Authors: Jelena Čeperković, Marija Šiljak, Marijana Đuradjević
      Pages: 73 - 83
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to try to highlight the importance of women entrepreneurship in function of longer stay of tourists in tourist destinations, that is, to answer the question – to what extent does women entrepreneurship participate in the tourist offer of Serbian tourist destinations' In this paper, we will identify some of the women entrepreneurs that direct their business activities, among other things, towards the tourist market. Also in this paper, we will try to determine the level of engagement of women entrepreneurs in the tourism industry and the ability to focus their activities more on the tourist market. One of the main problems of tourism in Serbia is a modest tourist offer to domestic and especially foreign tourists. This problem is evident on the basis of the number of days that tourists spend in our tourist destinations. The data from the Republic Bureau of Statistics show that tourists stayed in tourist areas by an average of 2.74 days, which is relatively small in comparison with the stay of tourists within the European Union.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
  • Quality and Human Resources in Function of Business Excellence in
           Production Organizations Owned by Women Entrepreneurs

    • Authors: Tijana Cvetić, Oliver Momčilović, Dajana Živković, Katarina Prljić
      Pages: 84 - 93
      Abstract: Business excellence model has a key role in increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of European organizations in enhancing the importance of quality in all aspects of its activities and stimulating and assisting in the development of quality improvement. This paper represents part of research of quality and human resources impact on EFQM among 70 organizations on the territory of Republic of Serbia. Woman entrepreneurs as respondents contributed to this research by telling their subjective attitude and rating offered claims. The analysis proves that variable Quality significantly influences EFQM model unlike variable Human resources which has lower impact. Purpose of this research lays in creating a sustainable model of success for future female entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
       
 
 
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