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Journal Cover Physical Education of Students
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2308-7250
   Published by Kharkov National Pedagogical University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Methodical basis of training of cadets for the military applied heptathlon
           competitions

    • Authors: R.V. Anatskyi, O.E. Kolomiitseva, M. Cretu, V. Potop
      Pages: 255 - 261
      Abstract: The purpose of the research is to develop methodical bases of training of cadets for the military applied heptathlon competitions. Material and methods: Cadets of 2-3 courses at the age of 19-20 years (n=20) participated in researches. Cadets were selected by the best results of exercises performing included into the program of military applied heptathlon competitions (100 m run, 50 m freestyle swimming, Kalashnikov rifle shooting, pull-up, obstacle course, grenade throwing, 3000 m run). Preparation took place on the basis of training center. All trainings were organized and carried out according to the methodical basics: in a week preparation microcycle five days cadets had two trainings a day (on Saturday was one training, on Sunday they had rest). The selected exercises with individual loads were performed, Results : Sport scores demonstrated top results in the performance of 100 m run, 3000 m run and pull-up. The indices of performing exercise "obstacle course" were much lower than expected. Rather low results were demonstrated in swimming and shooting. Conclusions . Results of researches indicate the necessity of quality improvement: cadets’ weapons proficiency; physical readiness to perform the exercises requiring complex demonstration of all physical qualities.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0601
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Programming of skilled football players training process in the second
           cycle of specially created training during the year

    • Authors: V.M. Kostiukevich, V.A. Stasiuk, N.Yu. Shchepotina, A.A. Dyachenko
      Pages: 262 - 269
      Abstract: The purpose of the research is to prove experimentally the skilled football players training process in the annual macrocycle on the basis of programming. Material and methods: the skilled football players participated in a research (n=20, age 18-23 years). Control provided use of the following tests: 30 m run; shuttle run 7х50 m; long jump from the spot; Cooper's test. Results: programs of training microcycles were developed. In each program such components of the training were considered: value and orientation of loads; means (non-specific and specific); modes of coordination complexity of exercises performance; training time; time for renewal of competition form, theoretical and psychological preparation; load coefficient value; intensity of training load coefficient. Conclusions. Programming of training process has to be carried out on the basis of systemically structural approach: the development of programs of less structural formations has to be subordinated to the main structural formations. The structure of microcycles includes programs of trainings. Programs of stages consist of a series of training microcycles programs. The program of a training cycle unites all structural formations.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0602
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The teams’ formation in sport aerobics on the basis of application of
           multidimensional analysis methods

    • Authors: Zh.L. Kozina, T.V. Shepelenko, Miroslawa Cieslicka, Katarzyna Prusik, Radoslaw Muszkieta, A.V. Osiptsov, V.M. Kostiukevych, T.A. Bazilyuk, I.N. Sobko, O.A. Ryepko, S.B. Polishchuk, A.S. Ilnickaya
      Pages: 270 - 279
      Abstract: The purpose of the research is to develop the principles of team’s formation in sport aerobics with application of factorial and cluster analysis’ methods. Material: in a research girls (n=24) from the sport aerobics national team (Kharkiv, Ukraine) participated. The athletes were given full medical examination by determination of functional condition of an organism (arterial blood pressure, indicators of a variability of the rhythm of the heart, treadbahn testing), a psycho-physiological condition (time’s determination of simple and complex reaction). It was defined physical development and physical fitness and vestibular stability. Results. The mathematical and visual models of each group of athletes were developed. The cluster analysis permitted selection of 8 groups of girls. The athletes of each group can incorporate with each other in teams for different competitive categories. The each group of athletes should select appropriate programs according to the features of their personal factorial structure of fitness. The general recommendations about selection of programs’ story lines for athletes of each group are developed. Conclusions. The possibilities of athletes’ groups formation (in pairs, in trio, in five) for mixed performances are revealed. It is determined that it is possible to select athletes with similar qualities (representatives of one cluster) and with different qualities (representatives of different clusters) for mixed performances.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0603
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Age dynamic of physical condition changes in pre-school age girls,
           schoolgirls and students, living in conditions of Eastern Siberia

    • Authors: V.Y. Lebedinskiy, E.A. Koipysheva, L.D. Rybina, M.D. Kudryavtsev, S.S. Iermakov, A.Yu. Osipov, L.K. Sidorov
      Pages: 280 - 286
      Abstract: Purpose: to analyze dynamic of physical condition, considering sex (females) and age of the tested, living in region with unfavorable ecology. Material: we studied pre school age girls (n=1580, age 4-7 years). In the research we did not include children with chronic diseases, who were under observation. We tested schoolgirls (n=3211, age 7-17 years) and girl students (n=5827, age 17-21 years, 1-4 years of study. Girl students were divided into five age groups: from 17 to 21 years. All participants lived in conditions of Eastern Siberia (Irkutsk). This region is characterized by unfavorable ecology and climate geographic characteristics. Results: in dynamic of physical condition of pre-school girls, schoolgirls and students we marked out three substantial periods of it characteristics' changes. Age 7-8 years is critical (transition from 1st to 2nd stage). The least values of these characteristics are found in older (after 17-18 years) ages. In students we observed relative stabilization of these indicators. Conclusions: the received results shall be considered in building physical education training process in pre-school educational establishments, secondary comprehensive schools and higher educational establishments.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0604
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Special motor program in the experienced dart players: support from
           kinematic data

    • Authors: Nabavinik Mahdi, Taheri Hamidreza, Saberi Kakhki Alireza, Kobravi Hamidreza
      Pages: 287 - 293
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim: Especial advantage known as especial skills have come to mind specificity perspective in human motor control. The main objective was to explore the relative timing of throwing kinematics data in experienced daters so that it would provide examine specificity perspective. Material and Methods: Seven experienced players executed 252 throws from seven distances with recording the kinematic data from the elbow. Results: Data analysis was shown the especial relative timing in the most practiced distance in five from seven samples. We concluded that repetitive practices may lead to especial structure and kinematic pattern of limb that could interpret as a special motor program. The findings showed that as the massive workouts of experienced players have changed relative timing at kinematics levels, they show a special motor program in five samples and GMP in two samples. These findings indicate that the level of motor control not only cannot be GMP, but also may be a specific moto program. Conclusions: For the first time, findings of this study evident a specific motor program in the kinematic levels. Findings did not support the GMP theory which creates a new view to schema theory.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0605
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The influence of special graduated weight load in Greco-Roman wrestling on
           the growth of students’ sports results

    • Authors: R.S. Nagovitsyn, P.B. Volkov, A.A. Miroshnichenko, A.A. Tutolmin, S.Yu. Senator
      Pages: 294 - 301
      Abstract: Aim: to assess the impact of a special dosage load in Greco-Roman wrestling on the growth of students’ sports results. Materials and methods: in research participated 2-3 courses students (n=29, age 16-19 years). The students were divided into two groups: experimental (EG, n=14) and control (CG, n=15). All students were engaged in 4 times per week for 2 hours. Complexes of technical-tactical and psychophysical tasks in the process of each training are realized for 7 - 7,5 minutes (with a break of 30 seconds). Results. A special diagnostic toolkit has been developed to monitor the effectiveness of wrestlers’ training in three indicators: physical, intensive and effective. It was revealed that in order to intensify the intensity of the competitive duel, a special loading dosage should be used. It is established that performing exercises with weights without taking into account the special loading dosing leads to a decrease in the speed of the wrestler’s movements and to a slowing down of the tempo of the fight. At maximum speed-strength exercise, the athlete’s ability to concentrate on coordinating his performance (on the technique of performing the exercise during a competitive duel) is lost. Conclusions: In case of a maneuver attack, wrestlers play out their opponent with false and preparing attacks. The technique of attacking style requires fast, sharp movements of the body with the capture of the opponent. Therefore, it is advisable to train an athlete in the conduct of a duel using the weight of his own body.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0606
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Functional systems of students’ organism depending on physical
           fitness to physical load

    • Authors: S.L. Popel’, G.A. Pyatnychuk, D.V. Pyatnichuk, V.V. Maystruv, V.P. Verboviy, N.A. Zemskaya, A.F. Kryzhanivskaya, R.Ya. Chovgan
      Pages: 302 - 309
      Abstract: Purpose: to study reaction of cardio vascular system and erythrocyte homeostasis in students with different fitness for physical load. Material: we tested students (n=150, from them n=105 - boys and n=45 - girls). дівчата). Measurements were fulfilled after maximal physical load on ergo meter (Kettler, German). The load was 2,7 W/kg. Results: indicators of vegetative blood circulation’s regulation depend on fitness level to maximal physical load. In 1st group students it manifested as sharp asymmetric indicators’ reverse between sympathetic and para sympathetic regulation of blood circulation. Besides, there appear reversibly and irreversibly changed forms of erythrocytes in periphery blood. In 2nd group students maximal physical load causes higher indicators of sympathetic circuit. In 3rd group students, under maximal physical load we did not find asymmetry between sympathetic and para sympathetic blood circulation’s regulation. Conclusions: between changes of vegetative blood circulation’s regulation and students’ fitness to maximal physical load there are multidirectional vectors of organism’s functional state. They manifest as natural changes of forms of periphery blood erythrocytes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0607
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Modernization of physical education of student youth

    • Authors: L.V. Shuba, V.V. Shuba
      Pages: 310 - 316
      Abstract: Purpose : to develop and experimentally substantiate fitness technology for students taking into account their individual peculiarities. Material : The experiment was performed by girls (n=51, age 17-20) who were divided into experimental (n=25) and control (n=26) groups. Classes were held twice a week during the year: 66 hours in the hall and 95 hours of independent study. At the beginning and at the end of the study, all students met the control standards, which allowed to determine the level of development of physical qualities and level of physical fitness. Results : 8 exercise complexes were developed to implement our fitness technology. Complexes were taken into account: interests, age, individual characteristics and level of physical fitness of students. At the first lessons the loading was about 45-50%. In the future, the loading increases to 70-75% of the total time of classes. Conclusions : When constructing fitness technology using varieties of fitness it is necessary to take into account: the type and nature of exercises, the volume and intensity of exercises, the number of repetitions and the amount of weight, the frequency of training sessions and the duration of work, intervals of rest, the number and alternation of exercises.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2017.0608
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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