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Journal Cover One Ecosystem
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2367-8194
   Published by Pensoft Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Mapping and assessment of urban ecosystem condition and services using
           integrated index of spatial structure

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14499
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14499
      Authors : Stoyan Nedkov, Miglena Zhiyanski, Stelian Dimitrov, Bilyana Borisova, Anton Popov, Ivo Ihtimanski, Rositsa Yaneva, Petar Nikolov, Svetla Bratanova-Doncheva : Urban ecosystems are the areas where built infrastructure covers a large proportion of the land surface but the main source of ecosystem services provision is the green infrastructure. This provision is very much dependent on the particular combination of green spaces such as parks or vegetation belts and paved areas such as buildings and streets. The spatial arrangement of these elements is an important parameter which could be used for the assessment of the ecosystem condition in the urban areas. An integrated index of spatial structure is proposed which incorporates built types and land cover from the Local Climate Zones (LCZ) concept with urban ecosystems' classes developed on the basis of MAES typology. An algorithm has been developed for index generation using an urban ecosystems' database and remote sensing data. The index is used to define vegetation cover in urban ecosystems and assess their condition as a part of the assessment framework. It is also applied in the assessment of several ecosystem services through quantification of ecosystem services' indicators or as an indicator in a complex assessment. The results show that, although most urban ecosystems in Bulgaria are assessed as moderate and good condition, very few of them have very good condition and about 3.5% have very bad condition. The highest scores are defined for urban green areas while the lowest are for transport networks. The use of an integrated index in urban ecosystem services' assessment is represented by examples for global and local climate regulation. The results are used to develop maps of ecosystem services supply capacity for selected cities. The overall analysis indicates that the urban ecosystems in Bulgaria have a moderate to good capacity for local climate regulation and moderate to low capacity for global climate regulation. The integrated index of spatial structure provides an appropriate basis for characterisation and assessment of the urban ecosystems condition and ecosystem services following the requirements of the EU Biodiversity Strategy and the MAES process. The proposed approach enables the internal heterogeneity of the urban ecosystems at national level to be defined, this being one of the main challenges in studying urban ecological systems. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Mon, 4 Dec 2017 9:30:29 +0200
  • Ecosystem services mapping for municipal policy: ESTIMAP and zoning for
           urban beekeeping

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14014
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14014
      Authors : Erik Stange, Grazia Zulian, Graciela Rusch, David Barton, Megan Nowell : Pollinating insects are an integral part of cities’ natural capital and perform an important ecosystem function with a high degree of relevance to many cultural ecosystem services. Consequently, pollinators serve as a useful proxy for assessing urban biodiversity. Beekeeping has recently emerged as a popular activity in many urban areas and a good deal of the motivation for urban beekeeping for many stems from the cultural and non-consumptive aspects of beekeeping. Yet the recent increases in domestic honeybee densities in urban landscapes has raised concern regarding the potential threat that honeybees might pose to local populations of threatened bumblebee and solitary bee species. This issue constitutes a trade-off between the cultural ecosystem services associated with urban beekeeping and the regulation and maintenance ecosystem services of maintaining nursery populations of rare and threatened species. Municipal authorities in Oslo, Norway have proposed establishing eight “precautionary zones”, within which placement of honeybee hives could be more strictly regulated. We propose a mapping and assessment approach for informing zoning decisions regarding urban honeybees, utilising a model of an urban landscape’s biophysical capacity to support pollinating insects (ESTIMAP). Together with an additional model describing the approximate distrubtion of honeybees in Oslo, we identify areas in the city where domestic honeybees may be more likely to exhaust floral resources. This case also tests the policy relevance of ecosystem service mapping tools beyond awareness raising, with broader general lessons for ecosystem mapping and assessment . HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2017 9:46:57 +0200
  • Valuation of ecosystem services: paradox or Pandora’s box for

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14808
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14808
      Authors : Maria Nijnik, David Miller : The valuation of ecosystem services (ES) employs a range of methods. Based on a literature review and selected empirical examples, we consider major opportunities and challenges in ecosystem services valuation. We analyse when different valuation methods are appropriate and most useful. We demonstrate that mechanisms to capture benefits and costs are needed; and that the use of valuation should be incorporated more widely in decision-making. However, we argue that ecosystems are complex systems: neither the ecosystems or the services that they provide are a sum, but are an interrelated system of components. If a component vanishes the whole system may collapse. Therefore, critical natural capital management, in particular, cannot rely on monetary values; whilst the maintanance of the whole system should be considered. Monetary valuation of biodiversity and landscapes is also problematic because of their uniqueness and distinctiveness, a shortage of robust primary valuations, and numerous complexities and uncertainties. We conclude that mixed method and deliberative discourse techniques, as well as proper integration of research tools, should be more widely applied to help decision-makers and the public to understand and assess changes in ES. The approaches developed and tested by us, as presented in this paper, can provide more complete, comprehensive and impartial insights into a range of benefits that humans derive from ecosystems. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Mon, 9 Oct 2017 10:43:00 +0300
  • Ecosystem services in Norway

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14814
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14814
      Authors : Oddvar Skre : The present study is reviewing public reports and research articles in order to estimate and validate ecosystem services in Norway, and investigate conflicts between stakeholders representing different ecosystem services, by means of direct and indirect methods, for different main ecosystem categories,e.g. mountain ecosystems, forests,agricultural areas, freshwater ecosystems, marine ecosystems and urban areas. The ecosystem services (ES) are based on the three main well-known categories (providing, regulating and cultural services). The provisional services in Norway include some very important ES like fish & seafood production, timber and pulp products, bioenergy and genetic resources, while the regulating services in Norway include important services like flood and landslide protection, pest and disease control in forestry and farming, carbon fixation in forests and air quality regulation. These services are also influenced by climate, pollution, urbanization and invasive species. Finally, the cultural services, like recreation & ecotourism, health and well-being, knowledge & learning and spiritual enrichment, are included. The values of the ES are estimated and quantified by direct (market based) and indirect methods (e.g. preferences). The relative importance of these ES is estimated by questionnaires and cost/benefit analysis, and administrative measures are suggested to compensate for threats and lack of sustainability. However, non-renewable resources like oil, gas and minerals are not included in the present overview. Among the ES in mountains, the value of outdoor activity as estimated from preference studies is totally dominating over the value of hunting and reindeer husbandry. Among the ES in forests the highest values are related to the health benefit from recreation, followed by the value of carbon fixation. The willingness to protect certain forests with high biodiversity is also high. Among ES from agricultural areas the provisional services (food and food processing) are dominating, while in freshwater ecosystems the value of wild salmon fishing measured by payment willingness, is dominating over the willingness to pay for improved water quality. Finally, the most important ES in Norway in monetary terms are found in marine ecosystems. Among the urban ES, the value of outdoor recreation and improved air quality represent the highest values. The most frequent conflicts in Norway are probably those dealing with energy production (windmills, hydropower production, oil drilling) and sea farming vs. biodiversity and recreation, between mass tourism and nature conservation and between sheep farming and conservation of big predators like wolf, bear, lynx and wolverine. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Mon, 9 Oct 2017 10:03:47 +0300
  • Ecosystem Service capacity is higher in areas of multiple
           designation types

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e13718
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e13718
      Authors : Charitini Nikolaidou, Nefta-Eleftheria Votsi, Stefanos Sgardelis, John Halley, John Pantis, Maria Tsiafouli : The implementation of the Ecosystem Service (ES) concept into practice might be a challenging task as it has to take into account previous “traditional” policies and approaches that have evaluated nature and biodiversity differently. Among them the Habitat (92/43/EC) and Bird Directives (79/409/EC), the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), and the Noise Directive (2002/49/EC) have led to the evaluation/designation of areas in Europe with different criteria. In this study our goal was to understand how the ES capacity of an area is related to its designation and if areas with multiple designations have higher capacity in providing ES. We selected four catchments in Greece with a great variety of characteristics covering over 25% of the national territory. Inside the catchments we assessed the ES capacity (following the methodology of Burkhard et al. 2009) of areas designated as Natura 2000 sites, Quiet areas and Wetlands or Water bodies and found those areas that have multiple designations. Data were analyzed by GLM to reveal differences regarding the ES capacity among the different types of areas. We also investigated by PCA synergies and trade-offs among different kinds of ES and tested for correlations among landscape properties, such as elevation, aspect and slope and the ES potential. Our results show that areas with different types or multiple designations have a different capacity in providing ES. Areas of one designation type (Protected or Quiet Areas) had in general intermediate scores in most ES but scores were higher compared to areas with no designation, which displayed stronger capacity in provisioning services. Among Protected Areas and Quiet Areas the latter scored better in general. Areas that combined both designation types (Protected and Quiet Areas) showed the highest capacity in 13 out of 29 ES, that were mostly linked with natural and forest ecosystems. We found significant synergies among most regulating, supporting and cultural ES which in turn display trade-offs with provisioning services. The different ES are spatially related and display strong correlation with landscape properties, such as elevation and slope.  We suggest that the designation status of an area can be used as an alternative tool for environmental policy, indicating the capacity for ES provision. Multiple designations of areas can be used as proxies for locating ES “hotspots”. This integration of “traditional” evaluation and designation and the “newer” ES concept forms a time- and cost-effective way to be adopted by stakeholders and policy-makers in order to start complying with new standards and demands for nature conservation and environmental management. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 8 Sep 2017 9:17:52 +0300
  • Plant Checklist of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e13708
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e13708
      Authors : Norzielawati Salleh, Syazwani Azeman, Ruth Kiew, Imin Kamin, Richard Cheng Kong : Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, the oldest forest reserve in Malaysia established in 1900, lies in the center of Kuala Lumpur, the capital city. Over time it has been reduced from 17.5 ha to 9.37 ha but still retains important biodiversity. Its lowland equatorial rain forest has never been logged and tall emergent species to 35 m tall and 124 cm diameter persist. Since 1900, 499 plant species (2 lycophytes, 25 ferns, 39 monocots and 433 dicots) have been recorded. This year-long survey refound 425 species, including the rare Tarenna rudis (Rubiaceae), a local endemic found only in Selangor state. The multi-layered structure of lowland dipterocarp forest (16 Diperocarpaceae species were recorded) is intact. However, with diminishing size, the edge effect is more pronounced with secondary forest species, from trees to herbs, becoming established. In 2009, declared as the KL Forest Eco Park, it is important for its biodiversity, history, accessibility to the public for recreation (forest walks), scientific study, education (natural history, bird-watching, etc), as well as serving as a green lung in the bustling city. Baseline data, such as this survey, enables scientific management that will maintain the forest structure and biodiversity. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Aug 2017 10:23:09 +030
  • Mapping the dependency of crops on pollinators in Belgium

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e13738
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e13738
      Authors : Floriane Jacquemin, Cyrille Violle, Pierre Rasmont, Marc Dufrêne : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jul 2017 11:05:07 +030
  • Germany’s Ecosystem Services – State of the Indicator Development for
           a Nationwide Assessment and Monitoring

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14021
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14021
      Authors : Karsten Grunewald, Ralf-Uwe Syrbe, Ulrich Walz, Benjamin Richter, Gotthard Meinel, Hendrik Herold, Stefan Marzelli : The obligations of the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 are generating a need to create national maps and monitoring systems for the state of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) on the basis of indicators. The paper gives an overview of the ecosystem services indicators being developed for Germany in the context of ongoing research projects. Additionally, it provides the indicator specifications, which are aligned with the EU MAES framework concepts (initiative on Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services). We illustrate aspects of data selection, calculation and negotiation procedures, results and target values in general and by way of examples. The German indicator-based approach presents measures and sums up ES in their spatial expression and temporal change and compares them with objectives. As far as possible, this is carried out according to the demand-supply concept. A prioritization of ES classes to be processed was carried out in the framework of an expert-based assessment. The results indicated that 21 of the 48 CICES classes (Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services) were most relevant for Germany in recent years. We proposed a total of 51 indicators, of which 14 indicators for 4 ES classes were accepted, implemented and published by the end of 2016. The development of ES maps and the indicator-based assessment on a national scale is a process. Consequently, the necessary further steps are shown. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Thu, 6 Jul 2017 9:33:07 +0300
  • The need for the implementation of an Ecosystem Services assessment in
           Greece: drafting the national agenda

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e13714
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e13714
      Authors : Panayotis Dimopoulos, Evangelia Drakou, Ioannis Kokkoris, Stelios Katsanevakis, Athanasios Kallimanis, Maria Tsiafouli, Dimitrios Bormpoudakis, Konstantinos Kormas, Jeroen Arends : This paper presents the establishment and the first outcomes of the Hellenic Ecosystem Services Partnership (HESP), a scientific-technical committee aiming at the guidance and coordination of the Ecosystem Services (ES) assessment in Greece. HESP consists of experts from different disciplines (ecology, marine biology, socio-ecological system science) and aims to: i) coordinate ES assessment efforts under a shared framework; ii) promote the ES approach in Greece; iii) support the European implementation of ES at the national level (Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystem and their Services initiative), and iv) fulfill priority actions regarding the ES implementation and the obligations derived from the National Biodiversity Strategy. In this paper, we present the first drafting of the National Agenda including short- and long-term objectives towards the national implementation of MAES, we outline the HESP Action Plan to 2020, as well as the timeline of the basic steps to be taken, to achieve decision making on the basis of ES maintenance and enhancement. It will also serve as a call for action to encourage more ES assessments at the national level, but also as a primer for the inclusion of protected areas and other areas of special importance for ES assessments at the EU level. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 5 Jul 2017 11:10:19 +0300
  • GIS-based Valuation of Ecosystem Services in Mountain Regions: A Case
           Study of the Karlovo Municipality in Bulgaria

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e14062
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e14062
      Authors : Boian Koulov, Ekaterina Ivanova, Bilyana Borisova, Assen Assenov, Aleksandra Ravnachka : This study aims to apply approaches, methods, and indicators from the conceptual framework of ecosystem services valuation to a real world, local level case study. It tests a GIS-based mapping and valuation of ecosystem services model in a typical mountain municipality in Bulgaria. Investigation results address opportunities, challenges and limitations in the practical application of the ecosystem services concept. They include an integrated assessment of the ecosystem services in a specific administrative territorial unit and suggest its Total Economic Value. The introduction of the term “ecosystem services dysergy” should contribute to valuation theory and practice. The study upgrades the currently available knowledge base that supports geospatial planning and sustainable development of the Karlovo Municipality and offers recommendations for improvement of the municipal ecosystem services utilization, which include identification, analysis, and visualization of hotspots and dysergy areas. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 4 Jul 2017 15:49:22 +0300
  • Marine and Coastal Cultural Ecosystem Services: knowledge gaps and
           research priorities

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e12290
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e12290
      Authors : João Garcia Rodrigues, Alexis Conides, Susana Rivero Rodriguez, Saša Raicevich, Pablo Pita, Kristin Kleisner, Cristina Pita, Priscila Lopes, Virginia Alonso Roldán, Sandra Ramos, Dimitris Klaoudatos, Luís Outeiro, Claire Armstrong, Lida Teneva, Stephanie Stefanski, Anne Böhnke-Henrichs, Marion Kruse, Ana Lillebø, Elena Bennett, Andrea Belgrano, Arantza Murillas, Isabel Sousa Pinto, Benjamin Burkhard, Sebastián Villasante : Cultural ecosystem services (CES) reflect peoples’ physical and cognitive interactions with nature and are increasingly recognised for providing non-material benefits to human societies. Whereas coasts, seas, and oceans sustain a great proportion of the human population, CES provided by these ecosystems have remained largely unexplored. Therefore, our aims were (1) to analyse the state of research on marine and coastal CES, (2) to identify knowledge gaps, and (3) to pinpoint research priorities and the way forward. To accomplish these objectives, we did a systematic review of the scientific literature and synthesised a subset of 72 peer-reviewed publications. Results show that research on marine and coastal CES is scarce compared to other ecosystem service categories. It is primarily focused on local and regional sociocultural or economic assessments of coastal ecosystems from Western Europe and North America. Such research bias narrows the understanding of social-ecological interactions to a western cultural setting, undermining the role of other worldviews in the understanding of a wide range of interactions between cultural practices and ecosystems worldwide. Additionally, we have identified clusters of co-occurring drivers of change affecting marine and coastal habitats and their CES. Our systematic review highlights knowledge gaps in: (1) the lack of integrated valuation assessments; (2) linking the contribution of CES benefits to human wellbeing; (3) assessing more subjective and intangible CES classes; (4) identifying the role of open-ocean and deep-sea areas in providing CES; and (5) understanding the role of non-natural capital in the co-production of marine and coastal CES. Research priorities should be aimed at filling these knowledge gaps. Overcoming such challenges can result in increased appreciation of marine and coastal CES, and more balanced decision-supporting mechanisms that will ultimately contribute to more sustainable interactions between humans and marine ecosystems. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 5 May 2017 17:41:07 +0300
  • Evaluation of the ecosystem services approach in agricultural literature

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e11613
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e11613
      Authors : Martin Schmidt, Peter Weißhuhn, Jürgen Augustin, Roger Funk, Kati Häfner, Hannes König, Lasse Loft, Christoph Merz, Claas Meyer, Annette Piorr, Michaela Reutter, Ulrich Stachow, Karin Stein-Bachinger, Bettina Matzdorf : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2017 13:59:40 +020
  • Mapping Habitat Quality in the Lombardy Region, Italy

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 2: e11402
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.2.e11402
      Authors : Stefano Salata, Silvia Ronchi, Andrea Arcidiacono, Federico Ghirardelli : This paper reports a case study which examines the how mapping ecosystem services can be used to identify areas of significant natural value to be protected or restored. We mapped habitat quality in Lombardy (northwest Italy) using the InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoff) model. Model outputs were used to approximate the spatial distribution of ecological quality across the region provided a framework to support the implementation of the Lombardy Regional Landscape Plan. This resulted in a proposal for introduction of new protected areas in the updated Landscape Plan, while other areas were proposed to be removed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Jan 2017 16:01:16 +020
  • Priority areas in municipality planning: ecosystem services, environmental
           impact assessments and research areas

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e9869
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9869
      Authors : Thomas Palo, Karen Lagercrantz, Torleif Bramryd, Michael Johansson, Thomas Beery, K Jönsson, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink, Per Schubert, Nils Ekelund : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Nov 2016 9:56:11 +0200
  • Urban climate and heat stress: how likely is the implementation of
           adaptation measures in mid-latitude cities' The case of façade
           greening analyzed with Bayesian networks

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e9280
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9280
      Authors : Nora Sprondel, Julie Donner, Nicole Mahlkow, Johann Köppel : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 9:57:37 +0200
  • Global change impacts on ecosystem services: a spatially explicit
           assessment for Europe

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e9990
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9990
      Authors : Chiara Polce, Joachim Maes, Luke Brander, Alessandro Cescatti, Claudia Baranzelli, Carlo Lavalle, Grazia Zulian : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 1 Nov 2016 13:20:47 +0200
  • Adoption of Machine Learning Techniques in Ecology and Earth Science

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e8621
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e8621
      Authors : Anne Thessen : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2016 10:14:00 +030
  • A new framework for inferring community assembly processes using
           phylogenetic information, relevant traits and environmental gradients

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e9501
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9501
      Authors : Bianca Lopez, Kevin Burgio, Marcos Carlucci, Kyle Palmquist, Andres Parada, Vanessa Weinberger, Allen Hurlbert : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2016 9:04:42 +0300
  • One Ecosystem: Innovation in ecology and sustainability research

    • Abstract: One Ecosystem 1: e9255
      DOI : 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9255
      Authors : Benjamin Burkhard, Joachim Maes, Davide Geneletti, Pavel Stoev, Lyubomir Penev : HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 25 May 2016 13:50:40 +030
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