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Italian Botanist
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2531-4033
Published by Pensoft Homepage  [26 journals]
  • Notulae to the Italian flora of algae, bryophytes, fungi and lichens: 5

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 5: 31-43
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.5.24852
      Authors : Sonia Ravera, Alfredo Vizzini, Annalena Cogoni, Michele Aleffi, Renato Benesperi, Elisabetta Bianchi, Wolfgang von Brackel, Daniela Cataldo, Costantino D'Antonio, Luca Di Nuzzo, Sergio Enrico Favero Longo, Gabriele Gheza, Deborah Isocrono, Enrica Matteucci, Stefano Martellos, Lorenzo Morosini, Pier Luigi Nimis, Silvia Ongaro, Silvia Poponessi, Domenico Puntillo, Francesco Sguazzin, Mauro Tretiach : In this contribution, new data concerning bryophytes, fungi, and lichens of the Italian flora are presented. It includes new records and confirmations for the bryophyte genera Diplophyllum and Ptychostomum, the fungal genera Arrhenia, Gymnosporangium, and Sporidesmium and the lichen genera Arthonia, Coenogonium, Flavoplaca, Gyalolechia, Parmotrema, Peltigera, Pterygiopsis, Squamarina, Tornabea, and Waynea. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 18:42:36 +020
       
  • Was Charles Darwin right in his explanation of the ‘abominable
           mystery’'

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 5: 25-30
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.5.24699
      Authors : Sergio Sgorbati, Marco D'Antraccoli, Sandra Citterio, Rodolfo Gentili, Lorenzo Peruzzi : The site and time of origin of angiosperms are still debated. The co-occurrence of many of the early branching lineages of flowering plants in a region somewhere between Australia and the SW Pacific islands suggests a possible Gondwanan origin of angiosperms. The recent recognition of Zealandia, a 94% submerged continent in the east of Australia, could explain the discrepancy between molecular clocks and fossil records about the age of angiosperms, supporting the old Darwinian hypothesis of a “lost continent” to explain the “abominable mystery” regarding the origin and rapid radiation of flowering plants. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 18:46:00 +020
       
  • The traditional food use of wild vegetables in Apulia (Italy) in the light
           of Italian ethnobotanical literature

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 5: 1-24
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.5.22297
      Authors : Nello Biscotti, Daniele Bonsanto, Gennaro Del Viscio : In this work, we present a summary of an ethnobotanical research carried out in the whole Administrative Region of Apulia (southern Italy). The main topic of the investigation is the traditional knowledge about wild plants, focusing on their common names, on which parts were used in cooking and how they were used. The main aim was to establish a botanical knowledge about these culinary uses through a systematic identification of the species involved, directly in the field. In addition to this, we focused on the ecological aspects of these species and on their biological and chorological forms. Results suggest the existence of very strong ties between the local communities and this particular flora, without substantial differences between rural and urban areas or among different zones of the Apulia Region. On the other hand, in each area we found peculiar food uses, species, parts used, and recipes. The analysed wild plants still have a fundamental role in the local diet, which can predominantly be ascribed to the Mediterranean model. Moreover, we documented an increasing interest in the culinary uses of these species: in the Gargano area, for instance, more and more cultivations of Salicornia perennans Willd. subsp. perennans are underway thanks to the demand coming from restaurants. In total, we documented 214 taxa (58 families) and at least 19 of them are enduring components of the local diet. Nineteen species represent a high number, considering that the tertiary sector is nowadays predominant in Apulia (73.5 % of the local GDP, compared to 73.2 % in Italy as a whole). Furthermore, the total amount of wild species used as food is the highest in Italy, according to the Italian ethnobotanical literature. On the same basis, we were able to draft a national checklist of 539 taxa documenting the taxonomy of the wild plants involved in traditional food use in Italy, categorized by regions. In conclusion, this work shows that the available literature regarding the Italian territory provides only a partial representation of traditional food uses, even though they are widespread throughout the country. Consequently, this tradition remains to be thoroughly investigated. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 9 Feb 2018 4:15:52 +0200
       
  • Notulae to the Italian flora of algae, bryophytes, fungi and lichens: 4

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 76-86
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.21671
      Authors : Sonia Ravera, Alfredo Vizzini, Annalena Cogoni, Michele Aleffi, Silvia Assini, Giovanni Bergamo Decarli, Ilaria Bonini, Wolfgang von Brackel, Francesco Cheli, Valeriy Darmostuk, Zuzana Fačkovcová, Lyubov Gavrylenko, Gabriele Gheza, Anna Guttová, Helmut Mayrhofer, Juri Nascimbene, Luca Paoli, Silvia Poponnessi, Giovanna Potenza, Filippo Prosser, Davide Puddu, Domenico Puntillo, Diego Rigotti, Francesco Sguazzin, Alessia Tatti, Roberto Venanzoni : In this contribution, new data concerning bryophytes, fungi and lichens of the Italian flora are presented. It includes new records and confirmations for the bryophyte genera Campylopus, Paludella, Tortula, and Conocephalum, the fungal genera Agonimia, Buelliella, Entorrhiza, Filicupula, Poronia, and Sporisorium, the lichen genera Cladonia, Dibaeis, Lasallia, and Rhizocarpon. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 22:52:08 +020
       
  • Global and Regional IUCN Red List Assessments: 4

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 61-71
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.21595
      Authors : Giuseppe Fenu, Giulio Ferretti, Matilde Gennai, Agustín Lahora, Antonio J. Mendoza-Fernández, Juan Mota, Jesús Robles, Lluís Serra, Hedwig Schwarzer, Pedro Sanchez-Gomez, Daniele Viciani, Simone Orsenigo : In this contribution, the conservation status assessments of three vascular plants are presented following to IUCN categories and criteria. It includes the assessment at global level of Saxifraga caprariae Mannocci, Ferretti, Mazzoncini & Viciani and S. montis-christi Mannocci, Ferretti, Mazzoncini & Viciani and the regional assessment of Halocnemum cruciatum (Forssk.) Tod. (Spain). HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 0:44:42 +0200
       
  • Notulae to the Italian native vascular flora: 4

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 43-51
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.21693
      Authors : Fabrizio Bartolucci, Gianniantonio Domina, Michele Adorni, Lorenzo Cecchi, Giuseppina Chianese, Fabio Conti, Marco D'Antraccoli, Gabriele Galasso, Luigi Ghillani, Marco Giardini, Laura Guglielmone, Villiam Morelli, Nicola Olivieri, Javier López Tirado, Francesco Roma-Marzio, Anna Scoppola, Federico Selvi, Adriano Stinca, Stefano Sturloni, Valeria Tomaselli, Giuseppe Veronico, Chiara Nepi : In this contribution new data concerning the distribution of native vascular flora in Italy are presented. It includes new records, exclusion, extinction and confirmations to the Italian administrative regions for taxa in the genera Androsace, Artemisia, Fragaria, Melampyrum, Myosotis, Petrorhagia, Phillyrea, Rosa, Rumex, Spiranthes, Trifolium, and Vicia. Furthermore, a new combination in the genus Omalotheca is proposed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 7 Nov 2017 15:19:26 +0200
       
  • Chromosome numbers for the Italian flora: 4

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 53-59
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.21782
      Authors : Lorenzo Peruzzi, Raquel Chiavegatto, Marco D'Antraccoli, David Dolci, Francesco Roma-Marzio : In this contribution new chromosome data obtained on material collected in Italy are presented. It includes 9 chromosome counts for Polygala (Polygalaceae), Dianthus and Silene (Caryophyllaceae). HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 7 Nov 2017 10:18:37 +0200
       
  • Notulae to the Italian alien vascular flora: 4

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 33-41
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.21666
      Authors : Gabriele Galasso, Gianniantonio Domina, Gianmaria Bonari, Sergio Buono, Giuseppina Chianese, Gloria Cortesi, Giuliano Frangini, Duilio Iamonico, Nicola Olivieri, Lorenzo Peruzzi, Brunello Pierini, Francesco Roma-Marzio, Anna Scoppola, Adriano Soldano, Adriano Stinca, Valeria Tomaselli, Giuseppe Veronico, Chiara Nepi : In this contribution, new data concerning the Italian distribution of alien vascular flora are presented. It includes new records and exclusions for Italy or for Italian administrative regions of taxa in the genera Cedrus, Cenchrus, Citrus, Cyrtomium, Diospyros, Elaeagnus, Erigeron, Iris, Oenothera, Pavonia, Phytolacca, Styphnolobium, and Verbena. Furthermore, a new combination in the genus Amaranthus is proposed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 3 Nov 2017 13:22:58 +0200
       
  • An atlas of orchids distribution in the Campania region (Italy), a citizen
           science project for the most charming plant family

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 15-32
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.14916
      Authors : Antonio Croce, Roberto Nazzaro : A database of the orchids of Campania has been built up since 2000 with data collected for academic purposes, research projects and, more recently, with the contributions of enthusiastic amateurs and scholars, thus becoming a real citizen science project leading to the realization of an online Atlas (http://www.floracampana.unina.it/Orchidee/index.html). In this paper, the collection and storage of the data and the synthesis of them are presented. On 31 December 2016, the database accounted for 14680 records from more than 30 contributors relating to 126 taxonomic entities (species, subspecies, hybrids and a few “sensu lato”). The bibliographic records number 3663 (24.9%) and cover a time range of four centuries (from 1616 to 2016). Amongst the 11017 field records (observations), more than 99% are geo-referred and are “punctual” type (precision less than 100 m). The spatial and temporal distribution of the data has been analysed and biases have been underlined. The observations show a clear difference in the study effort year by year but always with a significant contribution of the citizen scientists. The analysis of the spatial distribution shows that the observations are preferably collected in protected areas, around main roads and on the roadsides. Many cells of the grid still lack information and these should be the object of future research. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 4 Oct 2017 18:38:42 +0300
       
  • Population structure of Erythronium dens-canis L. (Liliaceae) in the
           northern Apennines (Italy)

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 4: 1-14
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.4.12439
      Authors : Paolo Pupillo, Giovanni Astuti : Relationships between age, time of emergence, and leaf traits of individuals were investigated in a population of Erythronium dens-canis L. in a hilly woodland area named Farneto-C, near Bologna, Italy. In 2015, 591 individuals were counted, 19 of which were flowering (FLO), 442 were mature non-flowering (MNF) and 130 were juveniles (JUV). FLO emerged at the end of February, whereas most MNF and JUV appeared at the middle and end of March, respectively. The mean aboveground survivorship of MNF was 24 days. Most MNF had large, oval to shield-shaped leaves with red-brown mottling, whereas most JUV leaves were smaller, usually oblong or lanceolate with a rough maculation or none. These results suggest that both timing of emergence and leaf shape are related to the age of the bulb. Based on leaf background, plants were classified into three major types with a likely genetic basis in the 2015 and 2016 surveys (the latter limited to FLO): a dominant silvery type (SLV, 62–74%), silvery-and-green type (S&G, 23–32%), and a less frequent vivid-green type (GRN, 3–5%). Several subtypes were also identified, but only one was dominant within each type. The three basic patterns appear to be phenotypically stable and no differences between MNF and FLO were found; once the juvenile stage has passed, each plant produces the same leaf type year after year. In addition, our results on the discoloration time-course of red-brown spots suggest that the functional role of leaf mottling is not related to pollinator attraction. Instead, leaf mottling could play a role in camouflage against herbivores.The observed massive grazing on flowers, more than leaves, could explain why the frequency of mature individuals was biased towards the non-flowering ones. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Jun 2017 11:10:02 +030
       
  • Global and Regional IUCN Red List Assessments: 3

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 83-98
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.13303
      Authors : Simone Orsenigo, Giovanni Astuti, Fabrizio Bartolucci, Sandra Citterio, Fabio Conti, Juan Antonio Garrido Becerra, Rodolfo Gentili, Gianpietro Giusso del Galdo, Juan F. Jiménez-Martínez, Gerhard Karrer, Agustín Lahora, Fabián Martínez-Hernández, Antonio Juan Mendoza-Fernández, Maria E. Merlo, Chiara Montagnani, Juan Mota, Gianluca Nicolella, Francisco Javier Pérez García, Lorenzo Peruzzi, Jesus Robles Sanchez, Francesco Roma-Marzio, Esteban Salmerón-Sánchez, Pedro Sánchez-Gómez, Lluís Serra, Adriano Stinca, Giuseppe Fenu : In this contribution, the conservation status assessment of four vascular plants are presented according to IUCN categories and criteria. It includes the assessment at global level of Crepis lacera Ten subsp. titani (Pamp.) Roma-Marzio, G.Astuti & Peruzzi and Anthyllis hermanniae L. subsp. sicula Brullo & Giusso and the regional assessment of Commicarpus plumbagineus (Cav.) Standl. (Spain and Europe) and Ambrosia maritima L. (Italy). HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 7 Jun 2017 15:05:32 +0300
       
  • Bryological flora of the regional historic Park of Monte Sole
           (Emilia-Romagna, Italy)

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 99-108
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.12663
      Authors : Riccardo Fariselli, Maria Speranza, Michele Aleffi : This article presents the results of a study on the bryological flora of the historic Park of Monte Sole, in the Bologna Apennines (Emilia-Romagna region). A total of 129 taxa were identified, including 9 new findings for the region. The study makes use of the regional cartographic grid, a methodology already used in the description of the vascular flora of the region, applied here for the first time to the bryological flora. If used in future studies, this method will allow a standardization of our knowledge on the distribution of the bryological flora in the region. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 7 Jun 2017 14:19:41 +0300
       
  • Contribution to the floristic knowledge of the Maddalena Mountains
           (Basilicata and Campania, southern Italy)

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 73-82
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.12519
      Authors : Leonardo Rosati, Vito Antonio Romano, Fabrizio Bartolucci, Liliana Bernardo, Daniela Bouvet, Laura Cancellieri, Giuseppe Caruso, Fabio Conti, Francesco Faraoni, Enrico Banfi, Gabriele Galasso, Edda Lattanzi, Paolo Lavezzo, Simonetta Peccenini, Enrico Vito Perrino, Giovanni Salerno, Adriano Sciandra, Adriano Soldano, Adriano Stinca, Chiara Totta, Simonetta Fascetti : The inventory of the taxa collected during the annual field trip of the working group for Floristics Systematics and Evolution of the Italian Botanical Society is reported. It was held in 2013 along the Maddalena Mountains a mountain ridge of the southern Apennines located between the Basilicata and Campania administrative regions (southern Italy) considered as being poorly characterized in terms of vascular flora. A total of 701 units belonging to 74 plant families were recorded including two varieties and four hybrids.Thirty-five taxa resulted endemic to Italy and only 11 alien species were detected while 36 taxa are new or confirmed for the regional floras of Basilicata and/or Campania. In particular 12 taxa are new for Basilicata while four are confirmed. Regarding Campania 14 taxa resulted new for the regional flora and five were confirmed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 31 May 2017 22:40:10 +030
       
  • Notulae to the Italian alien vascular flora: 3

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 49-71
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.13126
      Authors : Gabriele Galasso, Gianniantonio Domina, Nicola M.G. Ardenghi, Silvia Assini, Enrico Banfi, Fabrizio Bartolucci, Valentina Bigagli, Gianmaria Bonari, Emanuel Bonivento, Paolo Cauzzi, Francesco S. D’Amico, Marco D’Antraccoli, Daniela Dinelli, Giulio Ferretti, Matilde Gennai, Gabriele Gheza, Alessandro Guiggi, Filippo Guzzon, Duilio Iamonico, Mauro Iberite, Marta Latini, Michele Lonati, Giacomo Mei, Gianluca Nicolella, Nicola Olivieri, Simonetta Peccenini, Giacomo Peraldo, Enrico V. Perrino, Filippo Prosser, Francesco Roma-Marzio, Giovanni Russo, Alberto Selvaggi, Adriano Stinca, Massimo Terzi, Jean-Marc Tison, Juri Vannini, Filip Verloove, Robert P. Wagensommer, Thomas Wilhalm, Chiara Nepi : In this contribution, new data concerning the Italian distribution of alien vascular flora are presented. It includes new records, exclusions, confirmations, and status changes for Italy or for Italian administrative regions for taxa in the genera Acer, Amaranthus, Araujia, Aubrieta, Avena, Bidens, Calycanthus, Celtis, Elaeagnus, Eragrostis, Euonymus, Fallopia, Ficus, Hedera, Lantana, Ligustrum, Ludwigia, Morus, Oenothera, Opuntia, Oxalis, Parkinsonia, Paspalum, Paulownia, Platycladus, Pleuropterus, Rumex, Salvia, Senecio, Setaria, Syagrus, Tradescantia, Trifolium and Yucca. Furthermore, a new combination in the genus Vicia is proposed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Wed, 17 May 2017 13:04:39 +030
       
  • Notulae to the Italian native vascular flora: 3

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 29-48
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.13200
      Authors : Fabrizio Bartolucci, Gianniantonio Domina, Michele Adorni, Alessandro Alessandrini, Nicola M.G. Ardenghi, Enrico Banfi, Giovanni A. Baragliu, Liliana Bernardo, Alessio Bertolli, Edoardo Biondi, Luciana Carotenuto, Simona Casavecchia, Paolo Cauzzi, Fabio Conti, Maria A. Crisanti, Francesco S. D’Amico, Valter Di Cecco, Luciano Di Martino, Giorgio Faggi, Francesco Falcinelli, Luigi Forte, Gabriele Galasso, Roberta Gasparri, Luigi Ghillani, Günter Gottschlich, Filippo Guzzon, Doerte Harpke, Lorenzo Lastrucci, Edda Lattanzi, Giovanni Maiorca, Dino Marchetti, Pietro Medagli, Nicola Olivieri, Marziano Pascale, Nicodemo G. Passalacqua, Lorenzo Peruzzi, Sergio Picollo, Filippo Prosser, Massimo Ricciardi, Giovanni Salerno, Adriano Stinca, Massimo Terzi, Daniele Viciani, Robert P. Wagensommer, Chiara Nepi : In this contribution new data concerning the distribution of native vascular flora in Italy are presented. It includes new records, exclusions, and confirmations to the Italian administrative regions for taxa in the genera Asplenium, Bolboschoenus, Botrychium, Chamaerops, Crocus, Galeopsis, Grafia, Helosciadium, Hieracium, Juniperus, Leucanthemum, Lolium, Medicago, Phalaris, Piptatherum, Potamogeton, Salicornia, Salvia, Seseli, Silene, Spiraea, Torilis and Vicia. Rhaponticoides calabrica is proposed as synonym novum of R. centaurium. Furthermore, new combinations in the genera Galatella and Lactuca are proposed. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 5 May 2017 13:18:58 +0300
       
  • Notulae to the Italian flora of algae, bryophytes, fungi and
           lichens: 3

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 17-27
      DOI : 10.3897/ib.3.12432
      Authors : Sonia Ravera, Annalena Cogoni, Alfredo Vizzini, Michele Aleffi, Silvia Assini, Matteo Barcella, Wolfgang von Brackel, Stefania Caporale, Zuzana Fačkovcová, Giorgia Filippino, Gabriele Gheza, Daniela Gigante, Luca Paoli, Giovanna Potenza, Silvia Poponnessi, Filippo Prosser, Domenico Puntillo, Michele Puntillo, Roberto Venanzoni : In this contribution, new data concerning bryophytes, fungi and lichens and of the Italian flora are presented. It includes new records and confirmations for the bryophyte genera Dicranodontium, Fontinalis, Lophocoleaand Riccia, the fungal genus Diplolaeviopsis, the lichen genera Agonimia, Cladonia, Protoparmelia, Rhizocarpon, and Scytinium. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:48:37 +020
       
  • Personal private herbaria: a valuable but neglected source of floristic
           data. The case of Italian collections today

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 7-15
      DOI : 10.3897/italianbotanist.3.12097
      Authors : Francesco Roma-Marzio, Lorenzo Peruzzi, Gianni Bedini : Today private collections still represent an important source of information as is evident from the available literature, where, in many cases, private collections are mentioned both in floristic and taxonomic/systematic researches. We present a summary of the main information about private herbaria in Italy, whose collections are currently increasing. Based on our survey, we retrieved information on 34 personal herbaria where 156,361 specimens are preserved at present. Piedmont and Tuscany resulted the two Italian regions with the highest number of collections, whereas for 9 regions we obtained no answer. The most represented families resulted Asteraceae and Poaceae, whereas the most represented genera resulted Carex, Trifolium, and Hieracium. Taken all together, these collections rank 16th among the 68 institutional public herbaria officially recognised in Italy. HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 15:36:35 +020
       
  • Chromosome numbers for the Italian flora: 3

    • Abstract: Italian Botanist 3: 1-6
      DOI : 10.3897/italianbotanist.3.12257
      Authors : Lorenzo Peruzzi, Giovanni Astuti, Liliana Bernardo, Angelino Carta, Marco D'Antraccoli, Francesco Roma-Marzio, Monica Ruffini Castiglione : In this contribution new chromosome data obtained from material collected in Italy are presented. It includes four chromosome counts for the following genera: Bellevalia (Asparagaceae), Genista (Fabaceae), Linaria (Plantaginaceae), and Teucrium (Lamiaceae). HTML XML PDF
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 22:21:20 +020
       
 
 
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