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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2280-7934 - ISSN (Online) 2283-9364
   Published by Università di Bologna Homepage  [24 journals]
  • Editorial. Libraries and culture

    • Authors: Alfredo Serrai
      Pages: 1 - 8
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/6989
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • The protection of the Furioso: Ariosto and the Italian privileges system

    • Authors: Erika Squassina
      Pages: 9 - 38
      Abstract: First best seller of Italian literature, the Orlando Furioso by Ludovico Ariosto was printed at Ferrara in three editions under the same author’s superintendence (1516, 1521, 1532). The poet showed great resourcefulness in organizing the whole operation by himself: he purchased the paper, took charge of sales, and obtained privileges to protect the book from unauthorized reproduction, and to preserve his text in its integrity. Therefore, he incurred the time and expense of seeking privileges from several jurisdictions, from the Pope, the Emperor, Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Genoa, and other potentates. Despite this, the poem was reprinted many times, especially by Venetian printers that decreed its unstoppable rise. In addition, the Ariosto death (1533) nullified all privileges he had obtained with great difficulty, and led his heirs to try to remedy the situation by asking for privileges which protected the interests of the family. In particular, Ariosto’s heirs obtained (1535) from the Venetian Senate a privilege for the publication of the poet’s unpublished minor works. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7024
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Bologna book trade between '500 and '600: the Ulisse
           Aldrovandi's booksellers

    • Authors: Rita De Tata
      Pages: 39 - 91
      Abstract: Bologna is an expanding market for the book trade in the second half of the XVI century. The library of the naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) is one of the most important in the city, both the numberof volumes and variety of interests. Relations between Aldrovandi and some leading figures of the Bologna book trade are witnessed by the scientist’s handwritten notes, which are kept at the University Library of Bologna. Three large commercial types were identified within which to place the activities of some of these figures. They were examined specific cases: Giovanni Alessi and Jerome Tamburini, as representatives of Bolognese branch of Venetian companies; families Sopranini, Mascheroni, Bernia, example of a well-entrenched dynasties booksellers publishers in the real city; Gaspare Bindoni and Simone Parlasca, not of Bologna, characterized by ambitions and activities, both commercial and editorial. The archive documentation allows the reconstruction of family and professional life of the examined figures, highlighting plots and bonds of a highly endogamous environment. In the text are inserted some family trees, a comparative table with the estimate of capital of books in different Bologna workshops, between 1543 and 1620, and a plant that shows the concentration of booksellers and printers in a particular area of the city, around the monastery St. Prokulus. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7025
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • The popular circulating library of the Ferrara Savonarola Society. A
           paradigmatic case in post-unification Italy

    • Authors: Ivan Poli
      Pages: 92 - 153
      Abstract: This essay follows the course performed by the Savonarola Society, the philanthropical institution that founded in Ferrara the first “biblioteca popolare circolante”(a sort of subscription library for the lower classes, the first model of public library in Italy). The course started after the unity of Italy and ended approximately twenty years later. This experience was included in the middle of the first growth of those cultural enterprises, paradigmatically following their parabolical trajectory until their nearly complete regression in the eighties of 19th century. Through historical sources analysis it has been possible to reveal the mentality of those well-off and educated men who promoted at the same time the libraries development and failure, showing their inability to understand the actual necessities and capacities of the popular classes, the ones the projects were dedicated to. The whole efforts were turned to reach the “fare gli italiani”(“make the Italians”) goal, to create the new Reign citizen, a citizen knowing his rights and duties, a fundamental element of a young nation that wanted to stay amongst the European Powers. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7026
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • If bits are not enough: preservation practices of the original contest for
           born digital literary archives

    • Authors: Weston Paul Gabriele, Emmanuela Carbé, Primo Baldini
      Pages: 154 - 177
      Abstract: PAD – Pavia Archivi Digitali was created in 2009, alongside the Centre for Research in the Manuscript Tradition of Modern and Contemporary
      Authors , with the aim of acquiring, preserving and giving access to born- digital papers of contemporary writers and journalists. The archives which were bestowed to PAD so far show a variety of features involving a considerable effort in defining and fine-tuning both the ingest procedures and the management of the preserved papers life-cycle. One of the crucial issues is the preliminary analysis of the logical and technical structure of these archives. For this purpose the writer is interviewed and more information is collected through a specific questionnaire. By combining the two one gains a valuable insight into his or her working methods and files arrangement logic. The literature on the subject is still quite scarce, since researchers have been more keen to focus either on traditional archives or on digital archives though characterized by a greater stability. To share reflections emerged in response to the various acquisitions is therefore the aim of this paper. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7027
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Beyond information retrieval: information discovery and multimedia
           information retrieval

    • Authors: Roberto Raieli
      Pages: 178 - 232
      Abstract: The paper compares the current methodologies for search and discovery of information and information resources: terminological search and term-based language, own of information retrieval (IR); semantic search and information discovery, being developed mainly through the language of linked data; semiotic search and content-based language, experienced by multimedia information retrieval (MIR).MIR semiotic methodology is, then, detailed. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7028
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Memory storytelling between heritage and tourism in the age of the
           converging culture

    • Authors: Giulia Crippa
      Pages: 233 - 264
      Abstract: This papers reflects on the establishment of new heritages and on the attribution of new meanings ato the existing ones. Our hypothesis is that the converging culture is transforming the relationship we establish with memory records, in all their material and intangible manifestations. In a society like ours, where we think of the “web”, we can’t separate information spaces such as libraries – and their primary materials – and, more generally, the sources of information from their reconfiguration on the many digital platforms, to understand how to draw the emerging manifestations of memory and their materialization. Basically, we want to talk about how we elaborate the narratives of memory which necessarily must be accompanied by phenomena related to digital technologies and globalization, both of markets and culture. We will try, then, to show how the converging culture produces a kind of transformation of “hierarchies” of the traditional library. Will design, initially, one of the aspects of the new order of “global” information, based on the idea of storytelling and, most importantly, transmedia storytelling, analyzing how it tends to occupy all the possible sources of accessible information for everyone who have an internet connection, such as Wikipedia. In order to understand this phenomena, we will observe some examples of how it is built today the information, including encyclopedia and fiction, starting from the story by Borges Tlön, Uqbar, orbis tertius. Finally, we focus our attention on “materials” events of the new narratives of memory elaborated on these premises. We will confront, therefore, with some examples of offers of heritage and tourist sites that make tangible these paths of knowledge. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7029
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • SBN between cataloguing functions and bibliographic aspirations

    • Authors: Francesca Nepori
      Pages: 265 - 297
      Abstract: The article seeks to highlight the potentialities and the limits of search of On line Public Access Catalog of National Library Service by retrieving the features of the Cutter’s catalog (search for author, title and subject) and comparing them with the conceptual model FRBR and RDA. Particular attention is focused on the descriptive functions of cataloging and on the indical functions of the bibliography, trying to delimit their tasks and limits. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7030
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Subiaco libraries

    • Authors: Valentino Romani
      Pages: 298 - 316
      Abstract: The chronicles of Subiaco not cite Sweynheym and Pannartz, and such silence does not find motivation, when you consider that in Subiaco libraries are preserved many editions that the two Germans have printed in Subiaco and in Rome. An imprecise memory of their stay in the Subiaco is only starting from 1630. The lists of manuscripts and incunabula of libraries, although they reported more numbers because of mergers of libraries, allow you to identify the editions of the two pioneers of the press. At Subiaco the first significant enhancement of incunabula collections occurred between 1777 and 1780 during the government of abbot Giuseppe Giustino Di Costanzo in St. Scholastica. In 1467 he gift to Pope Pius VI a copy of the De Civitate Dei of St. Augustine stored in the library. The pope thanked by donating to the monks a silver chalice and encouraged them to court litigation. In the appendix are transcribed documents concerning relations between St. Scholastica and the Papal See. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7039
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Armanino lithography, typography, chalcography: first notes and documents

    • Authors: Alice D'Albis
      Pages: 317 - 360
      Abstract: The paper is about the work of the Armanino, a Genoese family that worked in typography, lithography and chalcography. This renowned Genoese company was compared with similar businesses from Milan, Turin, Venice, Bologna and Trieste. The life of Armanino’s forefather is an example of a man who starts from nothing and builds his fortune trough hard work, energy and caution. With his death, the business passed to his wife and sons who, continuing it, confirmed the family’s talent in business. In 1905 the company changed the company name in S.A.I.G.A. (Anonymous Industries Association Graphic Arts and related), becoming an association. The objective of the research, while retracing this family’s history, is to highlight some fundamental characteristics of certain techniques, and the iconographic peculiarity. This study shows that most of Armanino’s production is based on illustrated material, graphic documents, portraits, posters, advertisements, postcards, match- stick boxes, and playing cards. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7040
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Libraries, Archives, Museums

    • Authors: Alfredo Serrai
      Pages: 361 - 369
      Abstract: During the ancient period, Libraries, Archives and Museums had the same name, because they were the home of the Muses, but over the centuries, the three institutions have diversified. The museums display individual specimens; libraries and archives predominantly preserve and offer library objects and documents. While the manuscripts are kept, generally, in individual pieces, the books, after the invention of printing, exist in multiple copies, but there is no general bibliographic map to find specificity, duplication, or deficiencies. The digitization of works and editions of the past aggravates the problems of organization and bibliographic mapping, because it provides the sources of consultation and indexing, but ignores the imposing mass of written materials that represented the documentary basin of different ages, and who they are scattered in towns and historic European libraries. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7041
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Encyclopedia and library in the contemporary age

    • Authors: Paolo Traniello
      Pages: 370 - 385
      Abstract: With the publication of the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D’Alembert, which dates from 1751, the concept of library is declined in a negative sense, as a closing tool and impediment in the hands of the State, compared to the Encyclopedia, considered the book of the people. The constitution of the public library (the british Public Libraries Act is dated 1850), funded with public money, determines to change and both realities, Library and Encyclopedia, begin to interact contributing to the development of contemporary culture. Such as the Library, the Encyclopedia also supposes a work of organization of knowledge through classifications. From this point of view, both institutions seem closer in a purpose that unites them. In view of the information revolution, the Library should help reduce complexity of digital information and should play, against the vastness of the network, a role similar to what the Enlightenment Encyclopedia has assigned to itself in the face of large library collections, which were seen as points of accumulation, and also as points of the knowledge’s dispersion. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7042
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Funds and Collections of the person and personality in archives, libraries
           and museums: a resource, an opportunity

    • Authors: Federica Rossi
      Pages: 386 - 424
      Abstract: The paper will present the detailed account of the Conference Funds and Collections of the person and personality in archives, libraries and museums: a resource, an opportunity, held in Bologna, at the University, October 26, 2016. The Conference was structured in nineteen reports and a final round table and involved librarians, archivists and museum professionals on the treatment of ‘cultural archives’: those cohesive and varied collections, gathered by people during their professional life, or simply out of passion and then given to public or private institutions. The presentation of projects and experiences implemented by various cultural institutions, not only by type but also by institutional affiliation, allowed the large audience to become aware of the Italian mature reflections on this topic. The event was also an opportunity for discussion between traditionally distinct professionals in order to create an advantageous ‘transversal’ dialogue about the management of cultural heritage. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7043
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Jeffrey Beall’s “predatory” lists must not be used: they are biased,
           flawed, opaque and inaccurate

    • Authors: Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva
      Pages: 425 - 436
      Abstract: A commentary published in «Nature» by Jeffrey Beall called for the ban of “predatory” journals from the scientific record. That call for a ban was deeply flawed since the lists on which the term “predatory” were based, were themselves flawed. Many papers published in such journals are valid, having been peer reviewed, and acting in an academically responsible manner, making Beall’s call unfair, and discriminatory. Beall’s blog served as a useful alert system, but in no way were Beall’s black lists, which failed to indicate precise inclusion criteria for each entry, validated by scholars around the globe, much less suitable for use in any policy-making. Even though the Beall blog suddenly went blank on January 15, 2017, with no explanation to the public by Beall, the lists continue to be flaunted as de facto publishing black lists by several academics and websites. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7044
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Mirabilis bibliotheca. L’antica libraria del convento dei Cappuccini di
           Mazzarino, a cura di Salvatore Rizzo, Giuseppina Sinagra, con la
           collaborazione di Claudia D’Arcamo, Giovanna Parrino, Alessio Sola,
           Caltanissetta, Paruzzo, 2015

    • Authors: Domenico Ciccarello
      Pages: 437 - 442
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7049
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Antonio Castillo Gómez, Leer y oír leer. Ensayos sobre la lectura en los
           Siglos de Oro, Madrid, Iberoamericana-Vervuert, 2016

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 443 - 446
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7045
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Antonio Castillo Gómez, Dalle carte ai muri. Scrittura e società nella
           Spagna della prima età moderna, presentazione di Ottavia Niccoli,
           traduzione di Laura Carnelos, Roma, Carocci, 2016

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 447 - 450
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7046
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Bibliothèques et lecteurs dans l’Europe moderne (XVIIe – XVIIIe
           siècles), sous la direction de Gilles Bertrand, Anne Cayuela, Christian
           Del Vento et Raphaële Mouren, Genève, Droz, 2016

    • Authors: Alfredo Serrai
      Pages: 451 - 452
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7047
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Rudj Gorian, Nascosti tra i libri. I periodici antichi della Biblioteca
           del Seminario patriarcale di Venezia (1607-1800), Venezia, Marcianum
           Press, 2017

    • Authors: Alfredo Serrai
      Pages: 453 - 456
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7048
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Alessandro Corubolo - Maria Gioia Tavoni, Torchi e stampa al seguito,
           Bologna, Pendragon, 2016

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 457 - 459
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7050
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Giulia Francesca Zani, La libreria Piatti. Storia rocambolesca di una
           preziosa raccolta bergamasca, Bergamo, Archivio Bergamasco centro studi e
           ricerche, 2016

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 460 - 461
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7051
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Carlo De Maria, Le biblioteche nell’Italia fascista, Milano,
           Biblion, 2016

    • Authors: Tania Rusca
      Pages: 462 - 469
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7052
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Marco Cassini, Antòlogia. Antonio Rubino e l'amore per la Liguria,
           Ventimiglia, Philobiblon, 2013

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 470 - 471
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7053
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Giorgio Bacci, Roberto Innocenti. L'arte di inventare i libri / The
           art of inventing books, Pisa, Felici, 2016

    • Authors: Anna Giulia Cavagna
      Pages: 472 - 475
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7054
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
  • Simona Turbanti, REICAT, Roma, Associazione italiana biblioteche,

    • Authors: Paolo Wos Bellini
      Pages: 476 - 481
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/7055
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
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