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Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1547-5840 - ISSN (Online) 1547-5867
Published by Informing Science Institute Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology - Table of Contents
           Volume 15, 2018

    • Authors: Eli Cohen
      Abstract: Table of Contents for IISIT Volume 15, 2018
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4055
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Impact of Mathematics on the Theoretical Computer Science Course Units in
           the General Degree Program in Computer Science at Sri Lankan State
           Universities

    • Authors: Sritharan Thambithurai
      Pages: 001 - 014
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify how Advanced level Mathematics and Mathematics course units offered at university level do impact on the academic performance of theoretical Computer Science course units.Background: In Sri Lankan state universities, students have been enrolled only from the Physical Science stream to do a degree program in Computer Science. In addition to that, universities have been offering some course units in Mathematics to provide the required mathematical maturity to Computer Science undergraduates. Despite of this it is observed that the failure rates in fundamental theoretical Computer Science course units are much higher than other course units offered in the general degree program every year. Methodology : Academic records comprised of all 459 undergraduates from three consecutive batches admitted to the degree program in Computer Science from a university were considered for this study.Contribution: This study helps academics in identifying suitable curricula for Mathematics course units to improve students’ performance in theoretical Computer Science courses.Findings: Advanced level Mathematics does not have any significant effect on the academic performance of theoretical Computer Science course units. Even though all Mathematics course units offered were significantly correlated with academic performance of every theoretical Computer Science course unit, only the Discrete Mathematics course unit highly impacted on the academic performance of all three theoretical Computer Science course units. Further this study indicates that the academic performance of female undergraduates is better than males in all theoretical Computer Science and Mathematics course units.Future Research: Identifying other critical success factors contributing to the students’ academic performance of the theoretical Computer Science through empirical studies
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4007
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Virtual Pathology Learning Resource: A Promising Strategy in Teaching
           Pathology to Allied Health Science Students

    • Authors: Jyothi Thalluri, Joy Penman
      Pages: 015 - 033
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The objective of this study was to concept test a new instructional aid called Virtual Pathology Learning Resource (VPLR), which was used as a vehicle to communicate information and enhance teaching and learning of basic sciences (Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology) to allied health science students at a South Australian university. Background: Pathology was traditionally taught using potted specimens to review disease manifestations independently. However, this approach was found inadequate and ineffective. VPLR is a new teaching platform comprising of digitised human normal and human pathology specimens (histology, histopathology), patient case studies, short answer and critical thinking questions, and self-assessment quizzes. Using authentic learning theory as an educational pedagogy, this learning resource was developed to enhance the teaching and learning of Pathology.Methodology: Cross-sectional study design was used. A survey, given at the end of the course, gathered qualitative and quantitative data concerning the perceptions and experiences of the students about VPLR and its components. The online tool SurveyMonkey was utilised so that students could respond anonymously to a web link that displayed the questionnaire. The perceived impact on students was assessed using an 18-item questionnaire seeking agreement or disagreement with statements about VPLR, multiple choice and open-ended questions querying the best things about VPLR, benefits to be derived, and areas for improvement. Descriptive and frequency analyses were performed.Contribution: The VPLR approach involved rich learning situations, contextualised content, and facilitated greater understanding of disease concepts and problems.Findings: In a sample of 103 Medical Radiation students, 42% of students (N=43) responded to the post-intervention survey. The majority of students reported highly positive effects for each component of the VPLR. The overall results indicated that this tool was a promising strategy in teaching Pathology as it assisted students’ gaining knowledge of the science, facilitated connections between sciences, and allowed students to make better links with professional practice and skills.Recommendations for Practitioners: As students found VPLR to be beneficial, it is recommended that the same approach is applied for the teaching of Pathology to other health science students, such as Nursing. Other universities might consider adopting the innovation for their courses.Recommendation for Researchers: Applying VPLR to teaching other allied health science students will be undertaken next. The innovation will be appropriate for other health science students with particular emphasis on case-based or problem-based learning and combined with clinical experiences.Impact on Society: In reshaping the way of teaching a science course, students are benefited with greater depth of understanding of content and increase motivation to study. These are important to keep students engaged and ready for practice. VPLR may impact on education and technology trends so that exploration and possibilities of initiatives are ongoing to help students become successful learners. Other impacts are the new forms of learning discovered, the renewed focus on group work and collaboration, and maximising the use of technology in innovation.Future Research: Future directions of this research would be to conduct a follow-up of this cohort of students to determine whether the impacts of the innovation were durable, meaning the change in perceptions and behaviour is sustained over time.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4026
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Changing Paradigms of Technical Skills for Data Engineers

    • Authors: Robert Thomas Mason
      Pages: 035 - 042
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: This paper investigates the changing paradigms for technical skills that are needed by Data Engineers in 2018.Background: A decade ago, data engineers needed technical skills for Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS), such as Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. With the advent of Hadoop and NoSQL Databases in recent years, Data Engineers require new skills to support the large distributed datastores (Big Data) that currently exist. Job demand for Data Scientists and Data Engineers has increased over the last five years.Methodology: This research methodology leveraged the Pig programming language that used MapReduce software located on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud. Data was collected from 100 Indeed.com job advertisements during July of 2017 and then was uploaded to the AWS Cloud. Using MapReduce, phrases/words were counted and then sorted. The sorted phrase / word counts were then leveraged to create the list of the 20 top skills needed by a Data Engineer based on the job advertisements. This list was compared to the 20 top skills for a Data Engineer presented by Stitch that surveyed 6,500 Data Engineers in 2016.Contribution: This paper presents a list of the 20 top technical skills required by a Data Engineer.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4033
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Predicting Suitable Areas for Growing Cassava Using Remote Sensing and
           Machine Learning Techniques: A Study in Nakhon-Phanom Thailand

    • Authors: Joseph K Mbugua, WATANYOO Suksa-ngiam
      Pages: 043 - 056
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: Although cassava is one of the crops that can be grown during the dry season in Northeastern Thailand, most farmers in the region do not know whether the crop can grow in their specific areas because the available agriculture planning guideline provides only a generic list of dry-season crops that can be grown in the whole region. The purpose of this research is to develop a predictive model that can be used to predict suitable areas for growing cassava in Northeastern Thailand during the dry season.Background: This paper develops a decision support system that can be used by farmers to assist them determine if cassava can be successfully grown in their specific areas.Methodology: This study uses satellite imagery and data on land characteristics to develop a machine learning model for predicting suitable areas for growing cassava in Thailand’s Nakhon-Phanom province.Contribution: This research contributes to the body of knowledge by developing a novel model for predicting suitable areas for growing cassava. Findings: This study identified elevation and Ferric Acrisols (Af) soil as the two most important features for predicting the best-suited areas for growing cassava in Nakhon-Phanom province, Thailand. The two-class boosted decision tree algorithm performs best when compared with other algorithms. The model achieved an accuracy of .886, and .746 F1-score.Recommendations for Practitioners: Farmers and agricultural extension agents will use the decision support system developed in this study to identify specific areas that are suitable for growing cassava in Nakhon-Phanom province, Thailand Recommendation for Researchers: To improve the predictive accuracy of the model developed in this study, more land and crop characteristics data should be incorporated during model development. The ground truth data for areas growing cassava should also be collected for a longer period to provide a more accurate sample of the areas that are suitable for cassava growing.Impact on Society: The use of machine learning for the development of new farming systems will enable farmers to produce more food throughout the year to feed the world’s growing population. Future Research: Further studies should be carried out to map other suitable areas for growing dry-season crops and to develop decision support systems for those crops.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4024
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Medical Image Security Using Quantum Cryptography

    • Authors: Boniface K Alese, Olufunso Dayo Alowolodu, Olufunke Catherine Olayemi, Gabriel K Adelaja
      Pages: 057 - 067
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: Medical images are very sensitive data that can be transferred to medical laboratories, professionals, and specialist for referral cases or consultation. Strict security measures must be utilized to keep these data secured in computer networks when transferred to another party. On a daily basis, unauthorized users derive ways to gain access to sensitive patient medical information. Background: One of the best ways to which medical image could be kept secured is through the use of quantum cryptography Methodology : Applying the principles of quantum mechanics to cryptography has led to a remarkable new dimension in secured network communication infrastructure. This enables two legitimate users to produce a shared secret random bit string, which can be used as a key in cryptographic applications, such as message encryption and authentication. Contribution: This paper can make it possible for the healthcare and medical professions to construct cryptographic communication systems to keep patients’ transferred data safe and secured. Findings: This work has been able to provide a way for two authorized users who are in different locations to securely establish a secret network key and to detect if eavesdropping (a fraudulent or disruption in the network) has occurred Recommendations for Practitioners: This security mechanism is recommended for healthcare providers and practitioners to ensure the privacy of patients’ medical information. Recommendation for Researchers: This paper opens a new chapter in secured medical recordsImpact on Society Quantum key distribution promises network security based on the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics by solving the problems of secret-key cryptography. Future Research: The use of post-quantum cryptography can be further researched.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4008
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Increasing Intrinsic Motivation of Programming Students: Towards Fix and
           Play Educational Games

    • Authors: Selvarajah Mohanarajah
      Pages: 069 - 077
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The objective of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of educational games on learning computer programming. In particular, we are examining whether allowing students to manipulate the underlying code of the educational games will increase their intrinsic motivation.Background: Young students are fond of playing digital games. Moreover, they are also interested in creating game applications. We try to make use of both of these facts.Methodology: A prototype was created to teach the fundamentals of conditional structures. A number of errors were intentionally included in the game at different stages. Whenever an error is encountered, students have to stop the game and fix the bug before proceeding. A pilot study was conducted to evaluate this approach. Contribution: This research investigates a novel approach to teach programming using educational games. This study is at the initial stage.Findings: Allowing the programming students to manipulate the underlying code of the educational game they play will increase their intrinsic motivation. Recommendations for Practitioners: Creating educational games to teach programming, and systematically allowing the players to manipulate the gaming logic, will be beneficial to the students.Recommendation for Researchers: This research can be extended to investigate how various artificial intelligence techniques can be used to model the gamers, for example, skill level.Impact on Society: The future generations of students should be able to use digital technologies proficiently. In addition, they should also be able to understand and modify the underlying code in the digital things (like Internet of Things).This research attempts to alleviate the disenchantment associated with learning coding.Future Research: A full scale evaluation – including objective evaluation using game scores – will be conducted. One-way MANOVA will be used to analyze the efficacy of the proposed intervention on the students’ performance, and their intrinsic motivation and flow experience.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4027
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Place Determinants for the Personalization-Privacy Tradeoff among Students

    • Authors: Maor Weinberger, Dan Bouhnik
      Pages: 079 - 095
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: This exploratory study investigates the influential factors of users’ decisions in the dilemma of whether to agree to online personalization or to protect their online privacy.Background: Various factors related to online privacy and anonymity were considered, such as user’s privacy concern on the Web in general and particularly on social networks, user online privacy literacy, and field of study.Methodology: To this end, 155 students from different fields of study in the Israeli academia were administered closed-ended questionnaires.Findings: The multivariate linear regression analysis showed that as the participants’ privacy concern increases, they tend to prefer privacy protection over online personalization. In addition, there were significant differences between men and women, as men tended to favor privacy protection more than women did.Impact on Society: This research has social implications for the academia and general public as they show it is possible to influence the personalization-privacy tradeoff and encourage users to prefer privacy protection by raising their concern for the preservation of their online privacy. Furthermore, the users’ preference to protect their privacy even at the expense of their online malleability may lead to the reduction of online privacy-paradox behavior.Future Research: Since our results were based on students' self-perceptions, which might be biased, future work should apply qualitative analysis to explore additional types and influencing factors of online privacy behavior.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4019
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • The Role of Informing Systems in Securing Sanity and Wisdom of the
           Globalizing Society in the Context of Civilization Sustainability in the
           21st Century: The Case of Poland

    • Authors: Andrew S Targowski, Henryk Krawczyk
      Pages: 097 - 107
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: To monitor Sustainability Development Goals (SDG) established by the United Nations through the hierarchical architecture of informing systemsBackground: The paper discusses the case of Poland and its Gdansk regionContribution: The solution combines the big-picture of civilization with small-picture of a nation, regions, cities, and firmsFindings: The presented solution can be implemented if the political will can be secured.Recommendations for Practitioners: Take the main idea of this paper and adapt to your local case.Recommendation for Researchers: Develop some prototypes of presented informing systems and test in your local environmentImpact on Society: The success of the sustainability of globalizing society can be secured if the coherent informing systems can be applied to the planning, monitoring, and implementation of the UN's universal SDG. Future Research: Work on the modeling of costs and benefits of the presented solution.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4013
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Decision Support Information System for Urban Lighting

    • Authors: Yahel Giat, Michael Dreyfuss
      Pages: 109 - 124
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: This paper describes and information system for the maintenance and management of municipal lighting systems that also serves as a decision support tool for reducing power consumption on urban lighting.Background: Many municipalities are financially constrained and unable to invest in improving their lighting infrastructure. We propose a very efficient and inexpensive way to set up the database and provide city leaders with tools to improve their system efficiently. Methodology: An information database for the data management and an Integer Programming model for deriving the optimal investment plan.Contribution: This paper contributes to the fields of urban economics and sustainability.Findings: Informing management and workers about the status of the system and how to optimize it will reward the city with considerable savings and improve the service quality.Recommendations for Practitioners: The application of this model, even in a small scale such as a neighborhood can improve citizen’s quality of life without a heavy burden on the city budget.Recommendation for Researchers: There is a growing need for cost-effective means to improve urban management. Innovative ideas that meet these goals should be researched and developed.Impact on Society: First, it allows reduction in carbon emissions and light pollution by reducing power consumption and over-luminous lighting levels. Second, financially constrained municipalities can manage their systems at a very low cost.Future Research: A full scale application is needed in order to evaluate the city-wide benefits of the system.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/3995
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • From Ignorance Map to Informing PKM4E Framework: Personal Knowledge
           Management for Empowerment

    • Authors: Ulrich Schmitt
      Pages: 125 - 144
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The proposed Personal Knowledge Management (PKM) for Empowerment (PKM4E) Framework expands on the notions of the Ignorance Map and Matrix to support the educational and informing concept of a PKM system-in-progress.Background: The accelerating information abundance is depleting the very attention our cognitive capabilities are able to master, contributing to widening individual and collective opportunity divides. Support is urgently needed to benefit Knowledge Workers irrespective of space (developed/developing countries), time (study or career phase), discipline (natural or social science), or role (student, professional, leader).Methodology: The Design Science Research (DSR) project conceptualizing the PKM System (PKMS) aims to support a scenario of a ‘Decentralizing KM Revolution’ giving more power and autonomy to individuals and self-organized groups.Contribution: The informing-science-related approach synthesizes and visualizes concepts related to ignorance and entropy, learning and innovation, chance discovery and abduction to inform diverse audiences and potential beneficiaries.Findings: see Recommendation for ResearchersRecommendations for Practitioners: The PKM4E learning cycles and workflows apply ‘cumulative synthesis’, a concept which convincingly couples the activities of researchers and entrepreneurs and assists users to advance their capability endowments via applied learning.Recommendation for Researchers: In substituting document-centric with meme-based knowledge bases, the PKMS approach merges distinctive voluntarily shared knowledge objects/assets of diverse disciplines into a single unified digital knowledge repository and provides the means for advancing current metrics and reputation systems.Impact on Society: The PKMS features provide the means to tackle the widening opportunity divides by affording knowledge workers with continuous life-long support from trainee, student, novice, or mentee towards professional, expert, mentor, or leader.Future Research: After completing the test phase of the PKMS prototype, its transformation into a viable PKM system and cloud-based server based on a rapid development platform and a noSQL-database is estimated to take 12 months.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4017
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Changes in Public Institutions as a Function of Technology and Its Impact
           on Society

    • Authors: Josueth A Meza
      Pages: 145 - 156
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this article is to establish the different impacts of technological changes in institutions generating irrevocable changes in today’s society.Background: Technological changes have had a positive impact on many aspects of everyday life today, and it is natural that both public and private institutions benefit from this reality.Methodology: The research method used is based on the explanatory approach, through the documentary review of secondary sources and research works.Contribution: The implementation of electronic government in Ecuador is presented as a direct consequence of these technological developments with ways to direct and govern a country, which leads to competitive advantages in a world that is increasingly globalized.Findings: In the institutions the only permanent thing is change, for which the changing and evolving fact that the public and private institutions of today must have is highlighted.Recommendations for Practitioners: Results can inform to users the importance of the “new government” in a practical level.Recommendation for Researchers: The influence of technology on how to govern and if this in some way improves the functioning of the State.Impact on Society: Technological developments, which leads competitive advantages in a world that is increasingly globalized.Future Research: Create discussion and have a starting point to compare the influence of technological government in different parts of the world.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4034
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • Authentic Assessment Design in Accounting Courses: A Literature Review

    • Authors: Mathews Nkhoma, Clara A. Nkhoma, kilongtu@gmail.com Ky Long Tu
      Pages: 157 - 190
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: Authentic assessments offer students the opportunity to develop skills that implement the formal learning they receive in the classroom. Although there is a need for accounting graduates to possess a plethora of skills to equip them for success, there is a shortage of literature that focuses on authentic assessment design for accounting courses. This paper aims to address this gap by compiling a toolkit for accounting educators aspiring to design and implement authentic assessments. Background: This paper reviews examples of authentic assessments that are available and have been used by accounting educators and educators in general. It highlights the skills that might be developed with each assessment Methodology: A review of 182 articles on authentic assessment design and examples of authentic assessments like portfolios, reflective journals, presentations, reports, peer and self-assessment was conducted.Contribution: A toolkit with examples of authentic assessment to ease the task of authentic assessment design for those new to authentic assessment and seasoned authentic assessment practitioners alike.Findings: Authentic assessments are a form of learning. They help graduates develop skills and attributes that will make them work-ready and capable of handling a lot of real life practical work situations. Rubrics are an important part of authentic assessment implementation and their use is mandated by business school accrediting bodies like AACSB. Recommendations for Practitioners: Accounting educators may find guidelines in this paper which will help them understand authentic assessments and enlighten them on the challenges they may encounter when implementing the assessments.Recommendation for Researchers: There is a need for future researchers to contribute more to this topic so as to increase the variety and amount of literature available for those wishing to engage with authentic curriculum design in accounting. Future researchers could also focus on the perceptions of authentic assessments of accounting educators, students and employers. Impact on Society: This paper may also be of use to prospective employers wishing to gain a clear understanding of the skills inherent in prospective graduates who may have been exposed to authentic assessments. Accounting students and graduates may find this paper useful as it will help them comprehend the importance of some the assessments with the backing and assurance from the literature. Future Research: Future research may focus on the challenges in implementing authentic assessments. It would also be great to see more research addressing the perceptions of educators towards authentic assessments.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4036
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • A Data Science Enhanced Framework for Applied and Computational Math

    • Authors: Samuel Sambasivam, Kirby McMaster, Brian Rague, Stuart L Wolthuis
      Pages: 191 - 206
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The primary objective of this research is to build an enhanced framework for Applied and Computational Math. This framework allows a variety of applied math concepts to be organized into a meaningful whole.Background: The framework can help students grasp new mathematical applications by comparing them to a common reference model.Methodology: In this research, we measure the most frequent words used in a sample of Math and Computer Science books. We combine these words with those obtained in an earlier study, from which we constructed our original Computational Math scale.Contribution: The enhanced framework improves the Computational Math scale by integrating selected concepts from the field of Data Science.Findings: The resulting enhanced framework better explains how abstract mathematical models and algorithms are tied to real world applications and computer implementations.Future Research: We want to empirically test our enhanced Applied and Computational Math framework in a classroom setting. Our goal is to measure how effective the use of this framework is in improving students’ understanding of newly introduced Math concepts.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4032
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • How to Design Accounting Video Lectures to Recover Lost Time

    • Authors: Thando Loliwe
      Pages: 207 - 247
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: The objective of this study is to understand how video lectures of the same length and content as the current face-to-face lectures can be designed and implemented to have a positive effect on student performance, particularly when there is a campus shutdown.Background: In a number of South African universities protests by the students are on the increase. Often, they lead to the cancellation of academic activities such as face-to-face classes and examinations.Methodology: A quasi-experimental design was used on two video lectures to (1) compare the performance of the students who did not watch the video lectures and those who watched the video lectures, (2) compare the performance of each student who watched the video lectures on the test topics covered in the videos and the test topics not covered in the videos, and (3) determine the factors that influence the effectiveness of the video lectures.Contribution: This study contributes to the literature by investigating the effectiveness of video lectures in improving student performance, the factors associated to the effectiveness of such lectures, and the complexity or simplicity of the two video lectures used, and by providing possible solutions to the challenges identified in relation to designing video lectures.Findings: In terms of student performance, there is no significant advantage arising from watching the video lectures for the students who watch the video lectures, as compared to those who did not watch the video lectures. It is also found that the student performance on the topics with video lectures is significantly associated to the students’ commitment, prior performance, the quality of the content, and the design of the videos.Recommendations for Practitioners: This study recommends how the accounting video lectures can be designed and highlights the environments in which the video lectures of the same length and content as the face-to-face lectures should not be used.Recommendation for Researchers: Researchers should replicate this study by using short length videos of better quality and appropriate length, which incorporate current issues, games, are interactive, and so forth.Impact on Society: This study examines the use of educational video lectures in order to minimise the impact of disruptions at university level.Future Research: Future studies may use randomly selecting treatment and control groups. They may consider a nationwide research or using qualitative interviews in examining the use of educational video lectures.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/4046
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
  • An Analytical Investigation of the Characteristics of the Dropout Students
           in Higher Education

    • Authors: Yehia Mortagy, Seta Boghikian-Whitby, Ibrahim Helou
      Pages: 249 - 278
      Abstract: Aim/Purpose: Student dropout in higher education institutions is a universal problem. This study identifies the characteristics of dropout. In addition, it develops a mathematical model to predict students who may dropout. Methodology: The paper develops a mathematical model to predict students who may dropout. The sample includes 555 freshmen in a non-profit private university. The study uses both descriptive statistics, such as cross tabulation, and a binary regression model to predict student dropout.Contribution: There are two major contributions for the paper. First, it identifies the dropout rates of each group, a finding that may be used to better allocate resources at higher education institutions. Second, it develops a predictive model that may be used in order to predict the probability of a student dropping out and take preventive actions.Findings: This study compared dropout rates of one and a half year of enrollment among Traditional Undergraduate Students. Two major findings are the following: (1) Some of the resources designed to assist student are misallocated, and (2) Predictive models can be used to calculate the probability of a student dropping out.Recommendations for Practitioners: The study recommends that institutions must create initiatives to assist freshmen students and have annual assessment to measure the success of the initiatives.Recommendation for Researchers: Two, mathematical models may be used to predict dropout rates, the paper includes a model that predicted with 66.6% accuracy students who will dropout.
      Citation: IISIT, Volume 15 (2018)
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: https://doi.org/10.28945/3999
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2018)
       
 
 
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