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Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0212-0585 - ISSN (Online) 2530-3074
Published by Diputació de València Homepage  [1 journal]
  • A trip through the corridors of power: the evolution of the regional
           debate in Catalonia

    • Authors: Toni Rodon, Marc Sanjaume
      Abstract: The regional debate has occupied a pre‑eminent place in political discussions in Catalonia for several years and both citizens and the political class have been engaged in fierce debate on the subject. Moves towards independence in Catalonia and the demands made by other parts of Spain have shaken up the national and regional issue and forced political parties to take positions and come up with proposals for accommodating demands for a pluri‑national state and for regional decentralisation. This paper gives a perspective on how citizens and parties have changed their positions on Catalonia as a region and as a nation. Through the analysis of survey data and parties’ manifesto proposals, we show the size of the political changes and the direction they have taken. The paper ends by setting out future scenarios for Spain’s regional model and the main points of agreement and of disagreement among the various players.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-5
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Annual Review 2, 2017

    • Authors: Revista Debats
      Abstract: Annual Review 2. Special Issue Plurinationality, Federalism and Sovereignty in Spain: at the Crossroads / Special Issue: Cultural changes at university institutions: agentification and quality management
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Introduction: post-politics and the validity of nationalism in the Spanish

    • Authors: Mariano Martín Zamorano
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-1
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Post-national urbanity beyond (pluri)nation(al) states in the EU:
           Benchmarking Scotland, Catalonia, and the Basque Country

    • Authors: Igor Calzada
      Abstract: This article compares three small, stateless, city-regional nation cases: that of Scotland, Catalonia, and the Basque Country after September 2014. Since the referendum on Scottish independence, depending on its unique context, each case has engaged differently in democratic and deliberative experimentation on the ‘right to decide’ its future beyond its referential (pluri)nation(al) states in the UK and Spain. Most recently, the Brexit referendum has triggered a deeper debate on how the regional and political demands of these entities could rescale the static nature of these (pluri)nation(al) state structures, and even directly advocate for some sort of ‘Europeanisation’. Based on a broader research programme comparing city-regional cases titled Benchmarking City-Regions, this paper argues that the differences in each of these three cases are noteworthy. Yet, even more substantial are their diverse means of accommodating smart devolutionary strategic pathways of self-determination through politically-innovative processes, which include pervasive metropolitanisation responses to a growing ‘post-national urbanity’ pattern emerging in the European Union. Thus, this article examines the following questions: (1) To what extent are the starting points for ‘smart devolution’ similar in each case' (2) What are the potential political scenarios for these entities as a result of the de- or recentralisation strategies of their referential (pluri)nation(al) states' (3) What are the most relevant distinct strategic political innovation processes in each case' Ultimately, this paper aims to benchmark how Scotland, Catalonia, and the Basque Country are strategically moving forward, beyond their corresponding (pluri)nation(al) states, in the context of the new so-called post-national urbanity European geopolitical pattern, by formulating devolution, and even independence, in unique metropolitan terms.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-2
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • States, nations, and societies: a case study of Valencia

    • Authors: Rafael Castelló‑Cogollos
      Abstract: Political activity of contemporary western societies has been structured based on a definition of territorial units of action, which we call states. This western political structure has been legitimised by a link between each state to a collective owner of sovereignty, which we call a nation. The life of this society revolves around areas linked to different fields of community life, such as production, consumption, distribution of work, etc., including the discursive elements of these practices. Social practices take place within the complex interaction between all these fields of relations, which we call social structure. Each of these collective forms (states, nations and social structure) outline several geographic and social areas, to facilitate or hinder the construction of certain collective identities and, therefore, facilitate or hinder the production of certain collective actions. In the first part, this article opens a discussion on the relationship between the concepts of state, nation, and social structure. Later, the article endeavours to empirically apply the theoretical discussion to the Valencian case, to reveal the mechanisms underlying the construction of its collective identity.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-3
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Plurinational states and infrastructures

    • Authors: Germà Bel i Queralt
      Abstract: Mature economies tend to invest less in new construction and more in maintenance and management. This is particularly important in the case of Spain, which in addition to being a mature economy presents a huge excess capacity in all interurban modes, and particularly in the radial corridors. The key to a reorganisation of the infrastructure policy in a hypothetical state that recognises itself as multinational is the transfer of management to units forming the federation; in some cases, ownership should be transferred as well. In this regard, this paper presents a new model of infrastructure policy for a different Spain, and it does so by taking advantage of lessons taught from other infrastructure policies widely applied in parts of Europe and the US.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-4
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Cultural policy governance, sub‑state actors, and nationalism: a
           comparative analysis based on the Spanish case

    • Authors: Mariano Martín Zamorano
      Abstract: Since the nineties, regional governance has acquired an increasing importance for cultural policies in the developing world. However, the elements determining the development of unequal models of cultural governance within the same country, and the differential relevance of subnational nationalism in this regard, have not been completely explained. In this article we develop a comparative analysis of the autonomous cultural policies of Catalonia, Madrid, and Andalusia. Thus, we explain how their models of horizontal governance are determined by common elements, such as the model of public policies, and other specific differential factors such as historical and industrial local heritage and regional identity, where nationalism is specifically relevant.

      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-6
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Europeanisation and the in(ter)dependence of Catalonia

    • Authors: Luis Moreno
      Abstract: The European Union has transcended many of the old prerogatives of national independence, bringing about interdependence among member states. Within the latter there are also sub-state communities which simultaneously claim both self-government and ‘more Europe’. The future intent of this political process in the Old Continent is to make territorial subsidiarity consistent with home rule within European-framework legislation and continental institutions. The first part of this article focuses on the idea of a closer European Union based upon the implementation of territorial subsidiarity, as well as on the challenges posed by democratic accountability, multi-level governance, and the preservation of the European Social Model. The second section illustrates some of these challenges in practice through an analysis of how the meaning of independence has developed in a ‘stateless nation’ such as Catalonia. In Spain, the lack of territorial accommodation, together with a long-standing centre-periphery controversy, has fuelled claims for secession by some Catalan nationalists. The conclusions consider how ‘cosmopolitan localism’ can optimise both independence and interdependence of stateless nations like Catalonia in the global context.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-7
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Cultural changes at university institutions: agentification and quality

    • Authors: Juan Arturo Rubio Arostegui
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-8
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Reputation and rankings

    • Authors: Martí Parellada, Montserrat Álvarez
      Abstract: Over the last decade global rankings of universities have begun to grow in importance allowing national and international comparison of higher education institutions. In fact, they are already at the heart of public discussion about the role of universities in our societies because they provide a way of measuring and comparing the quality and results of these institutions and thereby, influencing their reputation. The most important of these rankings (such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Shanghai Ranking, Times Higher Education World University Ranking, and QS World University Ranking). All of these put universities into a league table where the ranking of a given institution is based on a composite score that reflects the weights of several individual indicators. This article reviews the methodology of three rankings, focusing on their limitations and weaknesses (such as over‑stressing research or their subjectivity in setting specific weights for each individual indicator). Finally, we present the U‑Multirank, promoted by the European Commission, which seeks to overcome the limitations of traditional rankings. It is an alternative way to rank universities, based on their performance as gauged by a wide number of indicators in five dimensions—(1) Teaching and Learning; (2) Research; (3) Knowledge Transfer; (4) International Orientation; (5) Regional Engagement—and in several subjects.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-9
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Human resources in the global higher education market: the presence of
           foreign professors in Spanish universities

    • Authors: Manuel Pereira‑Puga
      Abstract: Despite the existence of a global higher education market in which universities compete to attract talented academics from all over the world, most higher education institutions hire very few foreign researchers. Indeed, in Spain, only 1 in 40 academics are from abroad. This article focuses the Spanish case in order to deepen our understanding of the factors affecting the internationalisation of academic staff in the higher education sector. The analysis is based on data from the European Register of Tertiary Education Institutions and Spanish Higher Education Statistics data, collected by Spain’s National Statistics Office. The main results of this exploratory analysis show that there are differences between Spanish regions in terms of the proportion of foreign staff they hire. Moreover, at the institutional level, the most internationalised universities are relatively new institutions, and most of them are located in Catalonia. The political and economic framework in Spain discourages the hiring of international academics. However, in this context, two important insights should be highlighted: On the one hand, the differences between Catalonia and the rest of the Spanish autonomous communities show that sub‑national policies may have a strong impact on internationalisation processes in decentralised countries like Spain; on the other hand, divergence between universities shows the importance of the strategic behaviour of actors facing environmental pressures.

      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-10
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Students as customers: a paradigm shift in higher education

    • Authors: Javier Paricio Royo
      Abstract: Increasingly, higher education students are being considered as customers or clients. But this new way of seeing students implies a substantial change in the traditional notion of the student. The idea of student–customers goes beyond the demand for proper attention to
      the student: it is part of an entirely new paradigm in higher education, which also includes other factors, such as the idea of higher education as a competitive market, public reputation as an institutional priority associated with a greater capacity for attracting and satisfying students, study programmes conceived by the students as an important personal and economic investment, curricula designed with a clear professional development orientation, quality systems centred on the value of customer satisfaction, and a new way of understanding educational relationships between students and faculty. This paradigm is the everyday way of thinking in some countries, while in others, such as Spain, it is slowly breaking through only now. This paper analyses this paradigm via an extensive bibliographical review of
      the research on the different factors that characterise it and its impact on the quality of the learning processes and the social function of universities.

      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-11
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Expert‑panel accreditation evaluation‑practices: an autoethnographic
           case study of the Community of Madrid

    • Authors: Juan Arturo Rubio Arostegui
      Abstract: Accreditation is defined by the European Higher Education Area quality‑assurance agencies as a key element in quality management and continuous improvement in university teaching‑learning processes, and is an institutional practice that started to be developed in 2014 in Spain. This article illustrates the case of the Community of Madrid Quality Agency, as case study analysis through my experience as a panel member for the accreditation of higher‑education qualifications. Methodologically, it is based on an autoethnographic approach and uses the theory of symbolic interactionism to reveal and analyse the evaluative process and culture. For this purpose, two analytical axes were drawn: student learning‑outcomes and the value of the human resources assigned to the degree in terms of their academic research, both criteria which the quality agencies consider to be critical for a favourable final report. The interactions of the expert panel at the different stages of the accreditation consideration‑process, based on these two criteria, are presented with the aim that future case studies will test them in the context of collaborative learning, helping to achieve the greatest possible academic rigor in the accreditation process.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-12
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Taking stock of changes in quality assurance in Portuguese higher
           education between 2007 and 2015

    • Authors: Cristina Sin, Orlanda Tavares, Alberto Amaral
      Abstract: This article documents the changes that occurred in Portugal after the adoption of the new higher education quality assurance framework in 2007. The most obvious results of the new higher education evaluation and accreditation agency’s actions can be observed primarily at the level of teaching‑program provision. Accreditation activities resulted in a 40% reduction in the supply of the courses on offer between 2009 and 2015 (Sin et al., 2016). This reduction was felt mainly in private institutions, which confirms that substandard programmes were more common in the private sector. Another consequence was that institutions started to take a more formal and systematic approach to quality by implementing internal quality assurance systems. These systems were driven by a logic of accountability rather than by genuine self‑reflection aiming to engage all those involved and which would have led to improvement. Therefore, it appears that most academics perceive internal quality assurance to have had negative effects on teaching and learning, mainly because of increased bureaucracy, while the positive effects are still perceived as being relatively modest.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-13
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • The cultural mission of universities

    • Authors: Antonio Ariño Villarroya
      Abstract: Over the last two decades, there has been a wide debate about the so‑called third mission of the University. Two discourses have occupied the proscenium: the transfer and innovation of knowledge and corporate social responsibility. In this article we postulate that both these ideas respond to approaches that do not fully take the history and status of universities as a public service into account. In contrast, we argue that the third mission, both in terms of history and in terms of the normative and pragmatic statutes, instead corresponds to culture.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-14
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
  • Air‑raid shelters: civil war heritage in Valencia city

    • Authors: Andrea Moreno Martín, Tatiana Sapena Escrivà
      Abstract: Memorial sites are an interesting part of the wide range of Spanish Civil War heritage. The city of Valencia preserves a large number of vestiges of that time, among them, more than three hundred air‑raid shelters. In this article we consider these bomb shelters, taking into account the new circumstances relating to this heritage, starting in 2017, when new legislative and management scenarios were set in motion. The approval of the Valencian Autonomous Community Law for Democratic Memory and Coexistence, a recent modification of the Valencian Cultural Heritage Act which expressly highlights civil war heritage, as well as unprecedented activity by the Valencia City Council regarding its preservation and restoration, offers us a framework for reflection which allows us to objectively assess the patrimonial value of air‑raid shelters, as well as the difficulties involved in their management.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.28939/iam.debats-en.2017-15
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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