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Journal Cover Scienze del Territorio
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2384-8774 - ISSN (Online) 2284-242X
   Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Editoriale

    • Authors: Federica Corrado
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • La città ha bisogno della montagna. La montagna ha diritto alla
           città

    • Authors: Giuseppe Dematteis
      Abstract: The history of mountain territories has always been – and still is – dominated by imaginations becoming reality: since the beginnings of modernity, mountains have been perceived as an occasional reservoir of nature and leisure for growing cities; later on, such cities largely penetrated the mountains which, as mere urban dependences, gradually but inexorably became depopulated and abandoned: it is estimated that more than 20% of Italian territories are currently in such state of abandonment. Over the recent years, however, we are witnessing a major turnabout in this trend: ‘amenity migrants’, immigrants and people looking for ‘free’ spaces to grow a green and fair economy, are slowly repopulating mountain areas, dispelling the widespread prejudices about their marginality: this is not a structural handicap, but a historical condition depending on the lacks of policies focused on their peculiar development styles and opportunities – which can obviously vary from case to case. This change in our attitude towards the mountains can pave the way to multiple scenarios of integration between them and the cities, in which a more balanced redistribution of (spatial, social, economic and cultural) centralities can foster new and different development models at the territorial scale.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Ripensare ‘la società dell’azione’ e ricominciare a ‘guardare il
           cielo’: la montagna come ‘controambiente del sublime’ in una inedita
           partitura urbana

    • Authors: Lidia Decandia
      Abstract: Recalled the role that places of silence have had during other crisis in the history of humanity, the paper enquires into the role that mountains and inland areas, ‘discarded’ by modernity, might have today, when even our development model looks weary, in reconfiguring the very idea of city. Analysing many clues revealing how swarms of nomads, in flight from the consolidated city, are shifting towards the mountains in search of new places, capable of offering a geography alternative to the high-speed, dense, noisy metropolitan spaces, the author argues that, as in remote times, such ‘discarded’ territories might indeed acquire a new meaning within a wider-ranging territorial dimension. And turn into cornerstones to start from in order to create a new city apt to return space to the deepest dimensions of humanity. A city no longer conceived as a confined and bounded agglomeration, but as a complex musical score in which, alternating full and empty spaces, density and interludes, adagios and fast tempos, deserted places and high-intensity nodes, silence too could finally be heard.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Segni di rinascita nelle aree ‘interne’

    • Authors: Tonino Perna
      Abstract: The spatial paradox in our time can be summarised this way: where space and time, safe water and clean air are available, people flee; on the contrary, where they lack, population grows. An almost unbelievable paradox, which has been gathering pace in recent decades and represents today a contradiction urgently requiring positive answers. A territorial rebalance between overcrowded unhealthy regions and high environmental quality abandoned areas requires a serious effort of local governments and public as well as private actors. Happily, we are not starting from year zero. The lines below present some field experiences that are successful or have proved themselves capable of a turnabout. However, to approach the large numbers needed for such a rebalance, a ‘New Agrarian Reform’ for abandoned areas in the Apennines and the Alps would be desirable: one which should not repeat the mistakes of the 1950 one, but able to recall its spirit in enhancing poorly cultivated or completely abandoned land. A challenge which, according to the author, should involve multiple social and institutional actors, also seeing in new migrants a social force that could make a difference.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Fra utopie ed eterotopie: quale spazio per una ‘storia
           territorialista’ della montagna'

    • Authors: Massimo Quaini, Diego Moreno, Roberta Cevasco
      Abstract: The paper presents the historical ecology approach as a necessary development of ‘territorial sciences’, in particular for the definition of a territorialist history of environmental resources applied to the possible re-colonisation of deserted ‘high lands’; this also in order to enhance the environmental safety of urban population living in the ‘low lands’, increasingly affected by instability due to the abandonment of past control and management systems of environmental resources, usually located at high altitude. Starting with the case study of the coastal mountains surrounding Genoa, where the increasing exposure to hydro-geological risks shows the poorness of the analytical instruments usually applied to study the biodiversification processes in mountain environments, the aim is to sharpen them, also in order to identify new policies for mountain areas and to strengthen the ‘resilience’ of local communities towards the national and European ones when in conflict with their ‘local project’. All such connexions are only identifiable at ht micro-historical scale, defined along the fruitful meeting of historical geography and social micro-history; which, by the way, calls into question the real consistency of categories currently employed in environmental and territorial planning, such as land use, environmental assets, local heritage, naturalisation and re-naturalisation.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Cambiamenti climatici e impatti sui territori montani

    • Authors: Luca Mercalli, Daniele Cat Berro
      Abstract: Mountain territories are particularly sensitive to climate change. In the Alps, the temperature rise of 1.3°C over the last century has reduced by half the ice cover and – in the lack of effective reductions in greenhouse emissions – by 2100 the additional thermal increase of 3-4°C could lead to the disappearance of glaciers below 3500 m and put at risk availability of water in the summer, biodiversity, forests and winter tourism. The Alps may become a workshop for the application of best practices for climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience facing new environmental challenges.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • La montagna nelle politiche dell’Unione europea: le terre alte
           figlie di un dio minore'

    • Authors: Marco Onida
      Abstract: This paper is about the position that mountains ‘occupy’ today within some of the main Eu policies and measures. It aims at informing about the forms and relevance of such policies and at bringing attention to the fact that the interests of mountains would be better protected if there existed an organised representation of mountain areas in Brussels, which is currently lacking. Although there is no comprehensive and integrated policy for mountain areas at Eu level, nor there exist a specific service dealing with mountains within the Eu Commission, this does not mean that the Eu is not active in fields which, directly or indirectly, actually or potentially, affect the concerns of such areas. Therefore, the results – positive or negative – of Eu initiatives for mountain areas is often the result of a complex decision-making process, in which it would be important to participate. The new Eu macro-regional strategy is finally touched upon, with particular reference to the one for the Alpine regions (Eusalp), developed since 2015 completely ignoring the Alpine Convention, already an international strategy aimed at dealing with common concerns and assets in the Alpine regions. Whether the interest of mountain areas will benefit from the future Eusalp will also depend on how these interests will be represented. 
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Abitare nei territori alpini di oggi: nuovi paradossi e l’esigenza di
           politiche abitative innovative

    • Authors: Federica Corrado
      Abstract: If, in the past century, the concept of living the mountains has been put in relation to specific events related to forms of economy generated by an essentially urban matrix, today it takes on different forms, becoming a multifaceted and hybrid concept in which the traditional cognitive categories of urbanism, architecture and geography, confined to the rural world, should be re-thought mixing nature and culture, urbanity and rurality, fixity and change. New development trajectories are altering the traditional dynamics and determining paradoxes. Paradoxes in which the marginal areas become attractive in the logic of re-settlement and, at the same time, small and medium-sized urban areas embed real urban dynamic, so gaining also a different role on the alpine scene. In this framework, two experiences are described in this paper as an example of such ‘new’ territories of living. The first one concerns re-use paths in marginal mountain areas in the Pordenone area. The second refers instead to a social housing project in the urban centres of Susa Valley, pointed at experimenting such way of housing in a vast urban and urbanised territory through an innovative approach and using the local network of small municipalities as value added.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Portus Delphini. Scenari e strategie per un patrimonio di valore mondiale

    • Authors: Paolo Baldeschi
      Abstract: The Monte di Portofino Promontory is a complex area where plants from North African climates and species belonging to the Apennines live closely together; a territory in which pressure from settlements, abandonment of agriculture and consumer tourism are gradually erasing an identity rich in historical depth. The main purpose of the project here described is to enable the Mountain communities and the Park authority to develop a participated management and to choose among several opportunities, with very different consequences. As a first step the research carried out an analysis and prepared an extremely detailed map of plant associations. As a second step, analyses and field investigations were performed aimed at building a physiotope map which, together with information on land use and vegetation, defines about 150 ecotopes. The aggregation of significant ecotopes identified a cmall number of landscapes which were functionally evaluated in terms of biodiversity, regulation, habitat, production, information. The distribution and content of ecotopes, together with their evolutionary dynamics in the absence of any interference, were then assessed, finally comparing, based on indicators, the advantages and disadvantages of four strategies defined as: ‘Modern Economic Landscape’, ‘Arcadian Landscape’, ‘Natural Landscape’, ‘Rural Landscape (the latter implying a new agricultural economy).
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • I Carpazi rumeni fra declino e rilancio

    • Authors: Ancuţa Paşca
      Abstract: The mountainous area occupy one third of Romania’s territory and are considered the last wild area of Europe, given their rich biodiversity and untouched ecosystem. But from a demographical point of view, already less populated than the rest of the country for the past decades, mountainous regions are continuously loosing inhabitants. So what should be done in order to stop this exodus of energy and dynamism to make people return living in these areas' The article passes in review the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of these territories in order to set the scene; then it conveys some examples of initiatives which are being taken in order to enhance the regional development in these territories. The motivations of people living in the territory or who moved back are also presented. Despite remoteness and economic difficulties, Carpathians are presented as territories of the future which combine untouched culture, high quality food with last technologies and high speed of internet. Surprising territories, home to happy, dynamic people.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Ecomusei e geoturismo nell’Abruzzo montano: dalle esperienze locali a
           una progettazione allargata

    • Authors: Silvano Agostini, Annalisa Colecchia
      Abstract: Abruzzo is marked by a great geodiversity, a high percentage of mountain areas and a rich fauna and flora, features which led to the establishment of numerous natural parks and reserves throughout the region. Ecomuseums live in close symbiosis with these areas, and ease the fruition of such complex institutions. An example is the Majella National Park, which includes the Ecomuseum of the Western Majella and the Ecomuseum at the Paleolithic site of the Giumentina Valley: the former a district with its own specificities, the latter with a main thematic, ethno-graphic and historical-archaeological focus. This structure promotes a global approach to territories, a variety of educational offers, opening a wide space to research, and a variety of high-quality geo-tourism proposals. Sustainable tourism and a holistic reading of territories are expressed in various thematic projects aimed at protecting biodiversity, restoring and enhancing disused buildings, defining thematic itineraries suitable for a multi-level fruition. Integrated into national and European networks, natural parks and ecomuseums work in partnership with institutions and foundations on a regular base; this entrepreneurship, though, often sided by self-organised bottom-up processes, does not exclude but rather encourages participation in the local communities which, cooperating with institution and regaining a place consciousness, can play a proactive role in self-sustainable development.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Salvare le Apuane e ‘rientrare nel paradiso terrestre’

    • Authors: Fabio Baroni
      Abstract: “Salviamo le Apuane” is a non-structured organisation, like the ancient mountain communities were. It was established in 2010 with the publication of the Charter of Apuan Alps and the preparation of the Plan-Program of alternative economic development for Apuan Alps (Pipsea). It is mostly active on a social network, used as a tool for communication and struggle. The organisation, active on the Apuan mountains in close contact with its communities, works at building an alternative economic development – based on the principle “change the world without taking power” – pointed at solving the two main problems of Apuan Alps: monoculture of marble and demographic desertification. The organisation counts 10.500 members and tries to rebuild an economy based on agriculture, sheep-farming, tree-farming and different kinds of tourism. Relying also on the elders’ knowledge, it works as a free planning agency, providing support and advice to young people who want to establish agricultural and pastoral businesses, building short supply chains. It is currently working on the quality label “Qualità Apuana” for the products of companies tied in the association “The spirit of mountain”, and on the design of trade forms based on an alternative currency (the Apuo). “Salviamo le Apuane” is committed to the recovery and revitalisation of the Apuan cultural identity, by innovating and expanding the concepts of birth and belonging to a general “taking care” of Apuan Alps.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Un Piano integrato di rigenerazione del territorio rurale nel
           Salto-Cicolano

    • Authors: Carlo Cecere, Carlo Patrizio
      Abstract: In an Italian inland area, in the heart of the Apennines between Rieti and L’Aquila, the Salto-Cicolano valley is a millennial land rich in history and in valuable environmental quality. The ‘casette’ with ‘regnostro’, traditional buildings linked to the pastoral uses of this territory, almost all abandoned today, are strong elements of identity of the built landscape and a potential lever for an economic recovery in the whole valley. The intention of the VII Mountain community of Lazio to favour their punctual recovery was an opportunity to study a more comprehensive and organic Plan for the integrated regeneration of rural territories (Pirter) which shifted the interest of political and institutional decision-makers from the theme of recovery of individual buildings to the regeneration of the entire area through a systemic and strategic, interscalar and transdisciplinary framework of tangible and intangible actions. The establishment of a Multifunctional agricultural park is the design solution identified to harness non-intensive agricultural use with a slow fruition of cultural/leisure/sports circuits, all activities in part already present but that the Pirter plans to strengthen, especially in terms of quality supply. The paper presents an original methodological approach to territorial regeneration, through the study of the so-called Plan structure, the identification of a Pivot action and the development of a Gis-integrated database.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Le montagne aquilane; iniziative, esperienze, progetti

    • Authors: Enrico Ciccozzi
      Abstract: This paper describes some experiences aimed at returning a key role to the mountains in the Apennine around L’Aquila. The morphological description of the area highlights how strongly mountain ranges of Abruzzo are connected to social, economic and settlement aspects, while reminding the critical issues that involved inland areas, but also the importance of environmental protection and tourism. The Velino-Sirente and Gran Sasso mountain ranges and the Aterno River valley are read as a bioregion, highlighting the historical connection between city and mountains up to the current situation, marked by the 2009 earthquake. The role of mountains is considered both for medium altitudes and for higher ones, focusing on the latter as place for hiking practices and describing experiences and projects related to mountain retreats, trails network and guiding activities. Finally, the paper highlights how much such activities can be of help in strengthening place consciousness, encouraging local economies, involving a rebalance between areas most exploited by mass tourism and less jeopardised ones.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Fenomeni di ritorno nelle Terre alte d’Abruzzo

    • Authors: Edoardo Micati
      Abstract: In this paper I present two experiences of comeback to the mountains, experienced by two friends of mine which decided to go back to the traditional mountain economies. Over twenty years ago Gabriele and his wife Paola led a quiet life in their small family-run arts-and-craft firm. During a hike in the Majella mountains they were impressed by that abandoned landscape and decided to completely change their lives and to start a holiday farm. After having a hard time for a few years, today their farm is renown everywhere for the special welcome it reserves to its guests. Nunzio from Anversa degli Abruzzi (Aq), MD in Economics and management, decided to devote himself to the ancient activities practiced by his people. While retaining the traditional aspects of pastoral breeding, he has been able to put some innovative elements that have been highly successful: the programme “Adopt a sheep - Protect nature” directly involves consumers and allows them to take an active part in the future of these mountain areas, but above all the ‘foster parent’ also participates in a millennial activity likely to disappear. The third aspect concerns me directly. My close relationship with these mountains arose many years ago, when from the seaside I used to watch those mountains so high and so close. As soon as I was able I went to find out what was hiding behind the old image I carried in myself: with my return to childhood I then started my researches in the High lands.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Il fenomeno dei nuovi abitanti in Valle Po: il caso di Ostana

    • Authors: Cristiana Oggero
      Abstract: The topic of resettlement in the Alpine mountain areas is increasingly becoming a subject in studies about territorial development. it is indeed a global phenomenon of moving towards the mountains, a real process of comeback, which generates new ways of living and using land, new requests, visions and lifestyles, alternative and renewed forms of economy and reassembled alpine communities, that can not be reduced to a simple process of counter-urbanisation. This is the case of Ostana described in what follows: a veritable model of mountain rebirth that has been recently known all around the world. Thanks to an enlightened local government, able to propose new and innovative forms of governance, Ostana, after 28 years, has finally recorded the arrival of a newborn citizen. This is just an example of the many results achieved, not without sacrifices, by a careful and smart Administration in a small mountain reality. Careful, because it has been able to enhance latent local resources in an integrated way; smart, because it has been able to resist even when all seemed lost, and to overcome the crisis in an exemplary way, giving importance to elements such as identity and community, environmental sustainability, architectural quality, offer for an appropriate and place-friendly tourism. Ostana has therefore turned into a real ‘territorial workshop’ that has reinvented itself building a new future.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Vivere e lavorare in Valle Maira

    • Authors: Daria Rabbia
      Abstract: The Piedmont, in the village of Marmora, Maira valley near Cuneo, hosts the first Climahotels of Northwest Italy: it is the Occitan inn Lou Pitavin. Marco and Valeria manage the property since 2000 and have turned it into one of the six Climatehotels active in Italy, receiving such certification in 2014. Awarded by the CasaClima Agency based in Bolzano, the ClimaHotel certification is a seal recognised as one of the best examples for energy saving and sustainability. Over these years the Maira valley has become a crossroads of ‘slow’ and ‘soft’ tourism. Local authorities, operators and institutions have proposed a tourism offer which focuses on territories, along with local culture, traditions and beauties: an Alpine Valley lacking big tourist infrastructure
      specifications like ski slopes and lifts, has managed to attract the attention of German, Austrian, Swiss, Dutch and Belgian tourists, who visit these mountains both in the winter and in the summer for hiking and ski touring. In Marmora, they can choose Lou Pitavin Inn for spending their holiday in a structure with a real commitment towards the ecological, economic and socio-cultural problems of the valley.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • L’Ecomuseo del Casentino; progetti e pratiche partecipative per la
           tutela del paesaggio, il riconoscimento e la valorizzazione del patrimonio
           locale

    • Authors: Andrea Rossi
      Abstract: The Ecomuseo del Casentino has been promoted and coordinated by the Unione dei Comuni montani del Casentino (Casentino Union of mountain municipalities). It is formed by a network of exhibition areas, testimonies and cultural experiences spread through the valley and in close relationship with local communities. The different ‘antennas’, which are managed through the cooperation among local governments, associations and private citizens, have distinctive roles and features suggesting different times, spaces and ways in which they can be used. All of them concur to the knowledge, interpretation and promotion of local cultural heritage, with its tangible and intangible expressions, towards a sustainable development. The Ecomuseum is a dynamic process that requires active participation of citizens, who are the main responsible for the care, conservation and transmission of their territories’ ‘common goods’ and values. For this reason every year many different events are organised: happenings, workshops, demonstrations, parties, hospitality and educational activities, together with research and study. The Ecomuseum works to stimulate and renew the sense of belonging of people, acts as a facilitator prefiguring scenarios, promoting initiatives, coagulating the enthusiasms, searching tools and resources. It privileges a participatory approach and attitude.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Il ritorno alla lana per la rifondazione della civiltà montana in
           Europa. Esperienze di base

    • Authors: Ilaria Agostini
      Abstract: The maintenance of mountain environments and population is closely linked to the perpetuation of pastoral and craft skills. Wool - whose cycle is vital in mountain civilisation - has since millennia been a central livestock product and a raw material for handicraft in the valleys, having therefore a great value, both in term of use and exchange. Big industry is today excluding local European wool from the market; a EU regulation (no. 1774/2002) reduces it to special waste. In the 70s, wool processing cycle has been interpreted as a strategic tool for a re-conquest of mountains. The Charte pour la montagne, drawn up by the Longo maï collective, provides analysis and action lines resulting in the recovery of a spinning mill in the Briançon area. In this cultural environment, in 1989, the Atelier - Laines d’Europe is founded as an association of breeders, textile craftsmen, artists, educators, researchers and museum institutions engaged in the revival of local wool: they thus form a mutual support network creating local projects focused on the reuse of native sheep fibre and the experimentation for putting it in value.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • La montagna resiliente

    • Authors: Lucina Caravaggi, Cristina Imbroglini
      Abstract: Several changes taking place in the contemporary society are encouraging a comeback to the mountains seen as a liveable area in which to find more favourable living conditions than in urban areas. This desirable process must be supported by policies and actions pointed at solving prior problems and deficiencies: accessibility, safety, comfort hampered by hard morphology, environmental risks, climatic rigidity. It is also fundamental to cope with new needs and lifestyles within a framework of sustainability and new competitiveness. The image to refer to is that of resilient mountain, that summarizes the virtuous qualities to be confirmed and the gaps to be addressed, metabolizing new demands of adaptation and change. The priority fields of action on which to convey political commitments and resources in Eu policies and strategies - today particularly attentive to inland areas - are: active safety of territories, intended as a responsible prevention, able to mediate between territories and economic activities; living in the mountains, meant as a guarantee of living conditions, access to essential services, comfort of settlements and connections; fostering mountain economies by focusing on a competitiveness based on the quality of products and their connection to production contexts; mountains as healers, through workout, education to nutrition and sports, activities and services whose benefits are amplified in mountain environments.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Visioni del territorio e governo locale: la Polizia comunitaria dei
           pueblos fondatori nello Stato messicano di Guerrero

    • Authors: Silvia Carbone
      Abstract: This paper gives an overview of the organization process of indigenous population in the coastal mountains of the state of Guerrero, in south-east Mexico, linked to the defense of a territory that is socially assumed as a horizon for the construction of autonomy projects. To this purpose, it highlights specific elements to understand the role of landownership in this indigenous region; and also presents the experience of the Regional coordinating committee of the Community authorities - Community police of the founding pueblos (Crac-Pc pueblos fundadores) in order to reflect upon autonomy and territorial organization as resulting also from a popular judicial system that began in 1995, right after the zapatista upraise, as one of the many consequences both of the continental movements gathered against the ‘celebrations’ for the 500th anniversary of the so called discovery of America, and of the indigenous movements which marked the end of XX century in Latin America.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Dicotomie di un territorio tra fondovalle e montagna

    • Authors: Vincenzo Cribari, Cristina Mattiucci, Stefania Staniscia
      Abstract: The paper presents the outcomes of research activities that our group is currently performing in Trentino (Italy). Through the description of a series of dichotomies we have identified as typical of the Rotaliana-Königsberg Community (Crk) landscape – i.e. urban expansion vs. re-use of the existing heritage; super-infrastructuring vs. prevalent territorial vocation; intensive farming vs. agriculture and open space multifunctionality; productive landscape vs. collective heritage – we intend to discuss the dynamics that shape mountain landscapes, as they emerge from a contextual re-readings operated in the light of more general extensive metropolization phenomena. In fact, between the valley and the mountains, in the open space among the Crk settlements, it is possible to identify the features of a urban countryside. Such features are of paramount importance to re-interpret the so-called ‘expanding-city’,’ which changes due to processes of mutual influence between city and countryside. The defining features of the Crk – which defuse tensions between resilience and sustainability, innovation and identity preservation, and among the different ethnicities of its residents – introduce several aspects of the more general tension between tutelage and development; a reflection on which, from the perspectives of planning and territorial project, allows for experimentations with different forms of mediation/negotiation/relation.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Nuovi spazi per l’apprendimento in una comunità alpina. Modelli
           pedagogici innovativi e progettazione partecipata delle scuole come
           laboratorio di sviluppo locale: il caso dell’Alto Adige / Sűdtirol

    • Authors: Vittorio Curzel
      Abstract: An Alpine region in Italy, Alto Adige / Sűdtirol, where the population is mostly German speaking, has developed a special attention to architecture. The new South Tyrolean architecture combines contemporary design, technological innovation, use of traditional materials and craft skills, attention to landscape and livability, trying to mix sustainability and well-being, ‘urban living’ and ‘living with nature’. The policies of the Autonomous Province government, for historical reasons, have pushed for decades towards a separation among the school paths of the three cultural-linguistic groups: German, Italian and Ladin. Today school, as well as architecture, seems however to be one of the elements around which a new ‘identity’ of Alto Adige / Sűdtirol is being built. The dialogue recently established between architecture and pedagogy, giving way to a laboratory where school is an important part of a new model of local development, together with its historical and social context, is the topic of this paper.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Riattivazione di paesi abbandonati e in via di abbandono: il Borgo di
           Carbonara nel Comune di Aquilonia (Av)

    • Authors: Katia Fabbricatti, Marco Petroni, Vincenzo Tenore
      Abstract: In Europe, particularly in Italy, the depopulation of entire inland – and in particular mountain – areas is an undergoing reality and requires urgent reflections and effective interventions at the national and local level. The Confcommercio-Legambiente report on Italy’s problematic settlements between 1996-2016 forecasts tells us of 1650 abandoned towns in 2016. The risk is the loss of an historical and cultural valuable heritage, and of immense economic, social and most of all environmental resources, containing a historical memory linked to ‘making’. Although in recent years we are witnessing a slow rediscovery of the strategic role that these places can play within an overall framework of territorial development and decompression of congested urban areas, Italy lack the experience that could trigger long term innovative processes. The project described in this paper, starting from the potential offered by the current worldwide technological and cultural revolution, proposes a reactivation model for mountain inland areas, based on the renewal of local skills and supported by the creative know-how of makers. This strategy aims to increase the resilience of these territories, triggering dynamic and durable relational and productive processes. This experimentation is taking place in Carbonara village, on the Irpinia mountains, abandoned after the 1930 earthquake.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Gli Elfi di Valle dei Burroni (Pistoia). Scegliere di ritornare alla
           montagna ed educare alla sostenibilità. Un esempio di vita alternativa in
           Toscana

    • Authors: Claudia Roselli
      Abstract: The community of Pistoia Elves was founded in 1980 by the will of a small group of people who have chosen to re-inhabit an abandoned village in the municipality of Sambuca Pistoiese, and grew on since then composed of many people who have followed in the valley life. The community is located in a fairly vast area including the upper Appennino Pistoiese and the Valley of the creek Limentra. The most accessible town (and the most open to community life) is near Montevettolini, a village overlooking the Limentra, called with the elfish name of Avalon. The community of Avalon consists of a large farmhouse and other small housing units in clay and wood, connected to many other homes, more clinging to the mountain and spread across the difficult but beautiful territory of the Apennines. This paper is a testimony of the experience of the mountain community of Valle dei Burroni in relation to the wider elfish community. The intention is to witness a true return to the mountain life and to narrate one of the first examples of repopulation of the mountain in Italy, as well as to reintroduce the ancestral concept of the existence of commons and the importance for the community of their resistance in the area. Throughout the narrative of this sustainable and alternative reality, Territories are considered as a common good. A very ancient concept but decisive for the evolution of the contemporary culture of territory and landscape.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • Abitare in rete: scenari futuri per il territorio del Partenio

    • Authors: Marella Santangelo
      Abstract: When it speaks about suburbs, small towns nestled in the mountains, villages among the fields, it thinks about the elders, taking for granted that the young people have gone away, as if modernity brought immediately the idea of movement; but it is upon staying that we need to reflect, and upon coming back. With a different practice of places we must begin, making a new imagination effort to consider on one hand the people being there, staying, the young people ready to make great sacrifices to remain, on the other hand imagining a new architecture for ancient places, triggering a positive chain through a territorial project, apt to generate modernity, sustainability and a better life. The work here described is the result of an agreement between the Department of architecture, University of Naples “Federico II”, and the Gal Partenio for an investigation pointed at drafting Guidelines for the development and the enhancement of the Gal villages. In this on site experience there has been a close confrontation with the communities, with young people living here and not meaning to go away, enthusiastic and desirous to struggle for the future of their country. The actions that are identified and proposed are the result of a mixture of endogenous and external factors. All of this is essential to understand the enormous potentialities contained in a project aiming for new forms of networked territoriality, through a reflection about the relationships between nature and culture, modernisation and protection.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
  • I valori del patrimonio territoriale: un’analisi sui discendenti di
           immigrati germanici in un’area montana di Espírito Santo, Brasile

    • Authors: Renata Hermanny de Almeida, Bruno Amaral de Andrade
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to identify and interpret values in the territories, through a methodology and technique for property representation, able to foster reflections on the anthropic space in the mountainous region of Espírito Santo, Brazil, with the engagement and the participation of children considered as local stakeholders. According to the Italian territorialist approach, whose action-research practices lead to the overcoming of traditional planning models, analysis through representation is one of the stages of planning, design and management pointed at a self-sustaining local development, passing through theoretical review, instrumental suggestion, participatory inclusion. The aim is to discuss the heritage values in Santa Leopoldina, Espírito Santo, Brazil, through the development of mapping supported by geo-information technology. The mapping is prepared by means of hybrid methods from the territorialist approach: 1) technical, based on the territorial analysis supported by geo-referenced data; 2) related to cognitive perception, based on interactions with children through interviews and drawings. In the state of the art, the results threads cover methodologies and techniques for the representation of regional values and directions on how to perform mapping of perceptual and cognitive aspects of children with geo-information technology; and theoretical reflections on the conceptual enlargement of heritage.
      Issue No: Vol. 4
       
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    • Issue No: Vol. 4
       
 
 
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