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Journal Cover Ri-Vista : Ricerche per la progettazione del paesaggio
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 1724-6768
   Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Paesaggi costieri: conoscenza, piano, progetto

    • Authors: Emma Salizzoni
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Learning from Hydraulic Venice Landscape. Adaptive Strategies and
           Resilience

    • Authors: Giovanni Asmundo
      Abstract: The case of Venice and its Lagoon is emblematic: during its long history, the city had to learn to adapt to a complex habitat characterized by a really delicate and precarious balance, first developing an empirical knowledge, then strengthening a science of hydraulics. First to make the space in the lagoon area habitable, then not miss the game’s history, Venice was forced to fight for centuries and finally subdued temporarily some forces of nature. Venice created a legal apparatus that could handle extremely complex water planning at various scales, sharpened the technical ingenuity, and founded itself on a strong common interest: the survival and preservation of the lagoon. The aim of the article is to propose a brief excursus about the ‘Venice and waters’ case study, with a problem-solving approach. This lesson about a balance between anthropic needs and landscape preservation could be a useful point of view to look at the future of our coastlines in a long-time frame and a resilience perspective.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Il paesaggio del litorale genovese tra immaginario e storia: dagli chalet
           marini all’infrastrutturazione costiera

    • Authors: Gian Luca Porcile, Paola Sabbion
      Abstract: The coastal landscape of Genoa has profoundly changed over time to meet the requirements of the city’s economy and society. In recent decades, the city has experienced a phase of divestment of the heavy industry, without other economic sectors being able to assume the same importance within the city's economy. Recently, tourism has become increasingly important and at the same time the awareness of what the city of Genoa can offer in terms of quality of life has grown. Observing the history of the coastal landscape with a critical spirit can help to guide planning decisions in order to consciously rethink the relationship between the city and the sea.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Nuovi lidi, colonizzazioni e rinaturalizzazioni

    • Authors: Claudio Zanirato
      Abstract: The coastline forms an unusual cityscape: because it is linear, developing and outlining an unstable fringe of land, caressed and disputed by the sea; because it offers the ambiguous precarity of bathing facilities on one side of the shoreline and the fixed bulk of residential buildings on the other; it doesn’t have many inhabitants but mainly just guests; and it undergoes seasonal renewal with rites and rituals to set the stage for the holiday scene. The bathing cities are often disputed territories: by the sea, in the case of the beaches; by the regimental and imprisoned rivers in the Riviera; by the cliffs, by the ports and the marine, maritime and production activities; by the abandoned countryside, the coastal scrub and pinewoods; by the imperturbable masses of the railways and roads. Natural beaches are mobile, unstable. Shorefront ‘cultivation’ has taught to consolidate them, defend them from erosion, level them out, removing their shape, in practice denaturing them. While for some time you are trying to "renaturalize" bathing places, it is still possible to "colonize" eco-sustainable preserved and even new constitution shores.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • La percezione del paesaggio nella lettura dell’interfaccia tra città e
           porto: il caso di Marsiglia

    • Authors: Angelo Bertoni
      Abstract: The transformations of many port cities on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea produced the construction of new urban landscapes through the conversion of disused areas into new neighbourhoods for tertiary activity, residence or leisure, but only recently the notions of landscape and sustainability have become part of the framework of analysis and design of the contact areas between the city and the port. The case of Marseilles is exemplary in this respect. After a review of the history of the city’s coastal layout in the north of the old port since the mid-1990s, the essay offers a landscape reading of the city-port interface with attention to three spatial sequences: the area between the new museums and the historic neighbourhood Panier; one of the accesses to the port in relation to the urban context and transport infrastructures; the coastal line of Etaque, where a new dialogue between the built-up area and the sea was recreated. The landscape cognitive system can contribute to a new reading of the coastline between the city and the port of Marseilles and promote designs more respectful of the social and environmental sustainability criteria.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Coastal Landscape Characterization. The Case of the Sartol seacoast,
           Bushehr, Iran

    • Authors: Mahdi Sheibani, Niloofar Razavi, Fahimeh Mofrad
      Abstract: The pressures of the industrial development and the interactions of humans and environment constantly strain coastal landscapes. As a resolution, documenting the authentic conditions of landscapes, as well as their changing character, is suggested as a monitoring and safeguarding strategy for sustainability of all landscapes, including coastal landscapes. In that regard, this paper describes a method for classifying coastal landscape characters in Sartol costal area in Bushehr, Iran, with special emphasis on the geomorphological features. The emphasis of geomorphological features of the landscape is meant to raise the awareness in the local community on the one hand, and is a measure to control the possible negative changes imposed by the developments of the site. Starting from a review of relevant theories of landscape classification, this approach examines the important and necessary steps in the documentation of landscape character, and continues to test the method in organizing the inventory and basic characterization of Sartol.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • La città e la costa: letture e interpretazioni per la pianificazione
           costiera di Bari

    • Authors: Francesca Calace, Valeria De Troia, Silvana Milella, Marialessia Pascetta
      Abstract: The critical considerations on Bari’s coast here presented stem from the attempt to address the topic of coastal planning under a holistic and landscape oriented approach. The thesis underlying this approach is that also in the context of the Municipal Coastal Plan tool, that considers only the management discipline of narrow state-owned coastal areas, it is possible to create a sustainable territorial project that addresses both environmental and socio-economic dynamics. This paper firstly presents a critical description of the regional normative and planning framework and it reports the coastal landscape history with relation to the period between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. After that, the paper reads the costal landscape as divided in “coastal contexts” and, finally, it defines some strategies for local coastal planning.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Bellezza ed economia dei paesaggi costieri. Esiti e prospettive di un
           progetto di ricerca

    • Authors: Roberto Bobbio, Giampiero Lombardini
      Abstract: Coastal Landscapes are a significant cultural and natural heritage. A recent research on a case study in the Liguria Riviera was aimed to connect landscape protection and community welfare, in the spirit of the European Landscape Convention. Having collected and organized multiple data - including those related to the systems of values that are historically recognized or are part of plans and public acts - the research defined physical patterns at different scale, in order to produce a methodology of comprehensive evaluation able to detect heritage critical conditions, to suggest measures for a better landscape management and to provide guidelines for requalification projects.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Sardinian landscape and lighthouses

    • Authors: Alessio Satta, Maria Pina Usai, Manuela Puddu
      Abstract: Lighthouses are commonly perceived as extraordinary places on the edge between land and sea, with such a strong connection with the landscape to be considered as true landmarks. Remained for long time assigned to the exclusive use of the Italian Navy, most of lighthouses are now abandoned and vulnerable pieces of architectures, exposed to erosion, salt water and the unavoidable decay. This article analyses the Integrated Conservation Program (ICP) of public lighthouses developed by the public agency Conservatoria delle coste della Sardegna. The ICP is based on the Protocol of Integrated Coastal Zone Management and on the concept of conservation, intended as measures to preserve the historical heritage and enhance the architectures quality in relation with the Sardinian cultural landscape.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Il territorio di Divjakë, paesaggi in competizione

    • Authors: Chiara Nifosì, Marialessandra Secchi
      Abstract: In recent decades, Divjake region, on the Albania Mediterranean coast, has been subject to an increasing demand for local economic development. Different transformation perspectives and contrasting tourism development strategies are competing on this fragile but dynamic region. The cooperation program Urban Lab, recently undertaken, aims at the provision of a realistic and innovative strategy as an alternative to mainstream programs of mass-tourism seaside development, which are largely dependent on international investments.
      As a general objective, Urban Lab, promotes environment protection and tourism development on the coast and in the lagoon area. A range of actions triggers innovation in socioeconomic development through a participative planning process while reinforcing local resources. In this perspective, an urban laboratory with the active involvement of young people, civil society and institutions is foreseen. The innovative approach entails the association between a territorial project, reframing local landscape, and an educational program addressed to local residents. The research program, thus, positions itself at an intermediate level between the reception of society needs or expectations and the reconstruction of a legitimate and participated planning practice.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • La Riserva Naturale Orientata “Laghetti di Marinello” (Messina,
           Italia): strategie di conservazione attiva per la salvaguardia e la
           fruizione del paesaggio costiero

    • Authors: Aurora Fleres, Manuela Ronci, Ilda Vagge
      Abstract: The “Laghetti di Marinello” Nature Reserve is a small portion of territory that reveals many of the most peculiar features of Sicilian landscape. The fickleness of this place is strictly connected to human actions, that gave birth to this area and might probably lead it soon to an end. This work is focused on two different levels of analysis and planning. Firstly, a territorial enhancement plan was developed on a broad scale. Secondly, a more detailed project was created, featuring interventions of active conservation, to improve and protect the lagoon environment and the promontory above.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • Coastal Landscape and Public Use. A Landscape Architecture Proposal for
           the Los Limites Beach, Chubut, Argentina

    • Authors: María Belén Bonaz
      Abstract: Along the Argentinian Patagonia Coast private urbanization develops over public beach areas. This study presents the case of an area called Los Limites Beach situated along the Patagonian coast. After an analysis, survey and diagnosis of natural and social features, a landscape project was developed having the objective to protect Patagonian coastal landscape identity, preserving its natural components and encouraging its public use.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • “Rebuild by Design” in New York City: Introducing the context of the
           competition and considering a literature review on disaster planning and
           resilience theory

    • Authors: Billy Fleming
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • "Rebuild by Design” in New York City: Investigating the competition
           process and discussing its outcomes

    • Authors: Billy Fleming
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • La rigenerazione di nuclei e borghi storici dell'Italia Centrale
           danneggiati dal sisma del 2016

    • Authors: Roberto Gambino, Massimo Sargolini
      Abstract: The massive reconstruction process being initiated in the Central Apennines to control the devastation caused by the earthquake in 2016 forces a wider reflection on the role of historical goods in their vital relationship with the territorial and socio-economic context in which they lie. It is difficult to plan the rebirth of the different towns damaged by the earthquake when viewing it as the mere sum of so many individual building interventions for recovery. The legitimate concern of responding immediately to an entire Apennine civilization that found itself without a home or place of work in a matter of just a few hours should not promote action without thinking, presuming that reflecting on the future of these towns can become a “waste of time”, in a situation that is so urgent and dramatic. The recent ordinances issued by the Commissario del Governo per la Ricostruzione [Government Commissioner for Reconstruction], while in the fixed determination to accelerate any activity aimed at reconstruction (acting on criteria for planning and the administrative machine that will manage processes to approve and carry out the work), contain, in a nutshell, the necessary stimulus to build visions capable of moving past the emergency.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
  • La mente ecologica del Landscape Urbanism

    • Authors: Caterina Padoa-Schioppa
      Abstract: Landscape Urbanism is now twenty years old. Controversial discipline, yet very popular since the start, perhaps for its capacity to face those typical urban modifications occurred after the disposal of many large infrastructures within the global economic and environmental decline. Overcome by other approaches and methodologies of wider symbiosis of landscape and architecture, such as the Ecological Urbanism, the Landscape Urbanism has indeed changed the way we think the project of the territory by including Gregory Bateson principle of the “ecology of the mind”.  The attempt of this short essay is to present the various theoretical patterns of some of the discipline protagonists.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
       
 
 
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