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Journal Cover Ri-Vista : Ricerche per la progettazione del paesaggio
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 1724-6768
   Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Editoriale

    • Authors: Debora Agostini
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • La città può essere pensata come un paesaggio' Nuovi statuti tra
           naturale ed artificiale stimolano approcci e categorie operative per agire
           nella città contemporanea

    • Authors: Gianni Celestini
      Abstract: Landscape represents a real cognitive system, whose conceptual dimension goes beyond and transcends the techniques and design of ecological, vegetation, and soil systems to aim at organising or rather structuring the city and the land, acting both on the physical conformation and transformation of places and on intangible processes of a social and economic kind. The different approaches, which have emerged in the past fifty years, are characterized by the consideration of spaces, places and territories of the city’s architectures as landscapes, or by a concrete and practical vision that puts landscape – meant as an organised vegetation system – in the city. The first one has led to the intuition of looking at the behaviour of natural systems as a reference and of considering the city as a living system, the interpretation of which requires the use of new interpretive categories. New concepts from the most advanced studies on ecology inspire the research of new theoretical foundations between natural and artificial and contribute to the identification of design goals that are based on the integration of figurative qualities, social contents and ecological operating principles. The concrete repercussion of these thoughts is detectable in projects and realizations in which the resilience and adaptation abilities of urban contexts are experimented.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • City Greening, strategie per il paesaggio urbano tra estetica e

    • Authors: Paola Sabbion, Giorgia Tucci
      Abstract: The analysis of urban nature could be subdivided into a wide variety of interpretations and conceptual tools. Especially in recent decades the concept of 'ecosystem service' has become established, due to its ability to summarize the multiplicity of values and functions performed by the presence of natural elements within an urban context. Urban green infrastructures, in fact, provide for a variety of functions (material and energy supply, regulations, as well as cultural and spiritual functions), as widely claimed by several authors since the 90s until today (Costanza et al., 1992; TEEB, 2001). However, beyond its most recent formulations, the concept of urban green has an established history. By implementing green spaces in the city, it has always sought to obtain a series of documented environmental benefits, as well as positive impacts on the health and quality of life of the inhabitants. For these reasons, the integration of greenery has accompanied urban development over time, becoming of recent one of the main objectives of urban planning strategies and European Community programmes. The considerations of this paper are set in this framework of investigation, considering the urban resilience targets, within which the landscape has replaced architecture as a basic structure of urbanism, becoming both a lens through which to view the contemporary city, and the means by which to build it (Waldheim, 2006).
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Agricoltura come dispositivo di rigenerazione urbana. Un’esperienza
           torinese: OrtiAlti a Casa Ozanam

    • Authors: Francesca De Filippi, Emanuela Saporito
      Abstract: The paper discusses the role of agriculture in urban regeneration, with a focus on a case study in Turin (Italy): the action-research project OrtiAlti. Similarly to other experiences currently run in cites like Paris, OrtiAlti is set up to revitalize abandoned or under-utilized urban buildings through rooftop community gardens. Rooftop food gardens can have a role as urban regeneration devices, by combining environmental and social benefits, levering on food production as a mediating function, including new economic and social actors as subjects able to produce values of collective interest for the community.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Greening the city. La scelta delle specie

    • Authors: Francesco Ferrini
      Abstract: The scientific and practical importance of the knowledge regarding the choice of plant material for future urban green areas has promoted, mainly abroad, a vast research activity from which many indications of scientific interest and practical utility can be derived. Planning green areas in urban environments subject to densification, their specific design and choice of the tree species to be planted must be balanced and sustainable so as to eliminate or at least to minimize potential management problems while at the same time maximizing the potential of trees in urban regeneration.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • I giardini di Tehran, dal paesaggio alla città

    • Authors: Homa Irani Behbahani, Rita Micarelli, Fakhri Khosravi
      Abstract: During the long history of the Persian civilization GARDENS have had played a fundamental role in the organization of human settlements, their relationships with the Landscape, as well as in the art and the technologies that developed throughout their construction. Imaginative, mysterious and well organized at the same time, the GARDEN is a very built landscape, interposed between every town and its own Life environment, normally severe and sometime hostile, but potentially fertile and rich. The GARDENS of ancient Persia and their history, the condition of the environment and the landscape, the management of primary resources, the aesthetic and functional acknowledgement that Persian Society can attribute to the landscape and to green areas become essential for our contemporary condition. The case of Tehran, the process of its formation, accompanied by the construction of the gardens, becomes emblematic to understand what the organization of the Gardens meant in the past and the further potentialities that they can still express in our contemporary condition.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Milano: la riapertura del tratto coperto del naviglio della Martesana

    • Authors: Marco Prusicki
      Abstract: The reopening of the covered stretch of the inland waterway called Naviglio Martesana which flows in Milan is an extraordinary occasion to regenerate via Melchiorre Gioia, a main road, 40 m wide and 2,5 km long: a complex and inhospitable urban space, where the strong contrast between the unity given by its straight course (originated by the sixteenth-century project which was at the base) and the heterogeneity of its formal and functional characters, is immediately perceivable. The project proposes the replacement of the actual underground hydraulic system with a new open channel and a lowered quay, along which local public and commercial activities are envisaged. A real "street in the street", protected from traffic, which continues the bikeway of Naviglio Martesana (about 40 km) as far as Porta Nuova district, reinterpreting in a contemporary way the potentialities of its original Renaissance conception.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • La riapertura e la valorizzazione dei navigli come progetto di paesaggio e
           nuovo modello di vivibilità urbana per Milano

    • Authors: Antonello Boatti
      Abstract: The reopening of the canals in Milan is an ambitious challenge for a city that wants to change the sign of liveability and sustainability, and in particular for Milan which has based its story and its development over the centuries on being a city of water. The research explores everything that can be involved with the reopening of the canal system in Milan from the North -East of the city, where the Martesana is still open, toward the centre of the city where the canal finds the historic circular path on his eastern side, until reaching the recently reopened dock for ships known as the "Darsena" to finally rejoin the canals "Pavese" and "Grande", today still in function. An environmental project, able to ensure navigability for small boats, for a new landscape and for recovering identity, all looking to the future, but also full of poetry as narrated by the beautiful images of the Multiverso association.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Paesaggi di margine e forme di vuoto. percorsi per la costruzione della
           città attiva

    • Authors: Romeo Farinella, Elena Dorato
      Abstract: The many challenges that urban and landscape planning are facing today are deeply rooted in the transformation processes that cities have been undergoing, with important impacts on both the lifestyle and health of the population. Such a challenge finds within the concept of the “Active City” a new field of debate, and of interdisciplinary and project experimentation. In this perspective, the reuse of urban voids, marginal and fringe spaces, as well as abandoned or underused green areas represents a fundamental resource to be exploited for enhancing, quantitatively and qualitatively, a city's public and green spaces, as either places for leisure and recreation, sport and physical activity, or social interaction and culture. This contribution presents two meta-design experiences that the research laboratory CITERlab of the Architecture Department - University of Ferrara is developing in the cities of Ferrara and Rimini, working on a disciplinary merging between urbanism, landscape design, public health, and physical activity.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Dai nodi-segnale alle strutture reticolari acentrate. Riflessioni
           progettuali sul binomio strada/paesaggio nel lavoro di Cesare Leonardi

    • Authors: Marco Cillis
      Abstract: This paper regards the research on design carried out by Cesare Leonardi (Modena 1935) concerning the relationship between road and landscape. His professional work ranges from urban planning to industrial design, to photography and visual arts. Since the Eighties, he devoted himself to improving a design method for organising open public spaces. He developed the idea of A-centred Reticular Structures, which he used for several design proposals. The design for the enhancement of the landscape along Canaletto Road between Modena and Mirandola, the proposal for the landscape arrangement along the new motorway between Ferrara and Parma, and the competition for the new bypass in Arezzo, are all examples of his original investigation, and of how a road has to relate to both an inner and an outer landscape.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Forest Matrix. Towards Architecture for pluralism, diversity, minorities,

    • Authors: Sami Rintala, Massimiliano Spadoni
      Abstract: Architecture and constructing are the main tools that both the present and the bygone civilizations have used to tame and articulate Nature. Structures of living, production and movement have in a short period of time overlaid primeval and complex ecosystems everywhere on the planet. What is coming next and where are we heading' The biological and cultural background of Man is the forest, the matrix of Nature. Many of the words and concepts describing our contemporary society still have their root in the space and symbols of the forest. Living in a forest has left a trace, a tradition which is part of our common memory. The loss of this connection would be both a biological and a cultural catastrophe.Good architecture in the future should therefore be related more to gardening than to constructing: planting seeds first in the small scale of a home, then of the neighbourhood, and finally growing into the scale of a city. This new type of growth should be based more on a sort of labyrinthine clarity, on a space that is experienced and memorized rather than exposed, and thus full of meaning. Like a forest. As architects, we have entered into a deep and dark forest, a space without fixed points of reference, where we must learn how to survive and how to find our bearings. The current economic crisis is making us rethink our attitudes toward development and therefore toward architecture and design. A crisis that has got spatial consequences, reshaping our cities and our way of living, and thus also our way of approaching design. The role of the architect has been changing so fast over the past few years that the future of architecture must be reinvented. We need to find a clearing in the woods, a place where we can sit and enjoy our surroundings, the landscape, life.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • GreenInUrbs_Infrastrutture Verdi: soluzioni basate sulla natura per città
           sostenibile e resilienti

    • Authors: Elisabetta Maino
      Abstract: On April 4-7 the final international conference of the COST FP1204 project ‘Green Infrastructure: nature based solutions for sustainable and resilient cities’ was held in Orvieto. The activities of COST began in 2013, linking environmental with social aspects in studying and managing urban forests. The challenge arises from a paradox. Urbanisation is increasing worldwide: on the one hand, pressure on agriculture, forests and open land for urban development is growing whilst on the other green infrastructures are seen as critical to a good quality of life for urban dwellers. The conference addresses this paradox by offering a broad multidisciplinary point of view, and international applications in a variety of contexts.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
  • Tetti giardino: una proposta per Londra alla fine dell’Ottocento

    • Authors: Gabriele Corsani
      Abstract: The Nineteenth century proposals on growth control and for the renewal of London, defined as the New Babylon, ascribe to greenery a primary role. Benjamin Ward Richardson, in his essay Upper and Under London in The Common-health. A series of essays on health and felicity for every-day readers (1887), aims to transform the roofs of the metropolis into an aerial garden. Richardson, outstanding hygienist, reformer and prolific populariser, is closely interested in urban health and imagines a renewed London, achieved through the construction of roof gardens, or garden terraces, above every house, each of them connected to each other through a network of bridges allowing access to everyone. The hygienic advantages are united to a very suggestive result in terms of landscape. Alfred Richard Sennett, in his treatise Garden Cities in theory and practice (1905), refers to that proposal and illustrates it with four photographic images.
      Issue No: Vol. 15
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