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Journal Cover Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2421-7220
   Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Code-switching in relative clauses: Some theoretical implications

    • Authors: Gloria Cocchi, Cristina Pierantozzi
      Abstract: This work is part of an ongoing pilot project which analyses mixed German/Italian relative clauses that may be found in bilingual competence, in order to shed a different light on general theories regarding the derivation of relative clauses. Specifically, we will investigate German relative clauses, whose head is a mixed German/Italian DP: if we consider pairs of nouns which carry a different gender feature in the two languages in question, D may either agree in gender with the noun (selected gender) or agree with the equivalent noun in the other language (analogical gender). The relative pronoun, which is another D-head, may in turn agree, or not, with either the external D, or the N-head of the relative clause. An Acceptability Judgement Task including mixed relative clauses with all possible gender cross-combinations has been administered to some bilingual speakers (2L1), as well as to some highly competent L2 learners, in order to see which agreement types are preferred, and whether there are regular restrictions in acceptability. The data obtained have been confronted with current theories on relative clauses, in order to see if the predictions they would make are actually borne out
      PubDate: 2016-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali / Working Papers in Linguistics
           and Oriental Studies, Vol. 2, 2016. Full Issue

    • PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Preliminaries

    • PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • From the Editor

    • Authors: M. Rita Manzini
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Propagation and preservation of rounded back vowels in Lucanian and
           Apulian varieties

    • Authors: Leonardo M. Savoia, Benedetta Baldi
      Abstract: This article addresses the descriptive and theoretical aspects of the relation between the cavity properties of vowels and consonants. This relation is studied on the basis of some vocalic harmonizing processes depending on the adjacency between [u] and a velar (or labial) consonant in the domain of the stressed nucleus. Propagation of /u/ and preservation of /u/ in pre-tonic position in Southern Italian varieties provide the crucial testing ground for our analysis; one last process we investigate is the distribution of the metaphonic outcomes in a Salento dialect. The nature of phonological representations is the other question we are concerned with. This point has been recently explored specifically in relation to the explanatory role of the structure and its relation with the melodic content of segments. Our proposal is that the phonological structure of the string corresponds in a direct and exhaustive way to the elementary melodic properties of the segments.


      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Osservazioni sulla sostanza dei primitivi nella Teoria degli Elementi e il
           rapporto fra fonologia e fonetica

    • Authors: Laura Bafile
      Abstract: The paper concerns the nature of segmental primes and the relationship between phonological categories and phonetic surface. The view of classic Element Theory and Government Phonology, that elements correspond to acoustic signatures in the speech signal, is here applied to phenomena of phonetics-phonology mismatch, maintaining that the ambiguity that may occasionally arise in phonetic forms needs not to be attributed to an allegedly arbitrary transduction from phonology to phonetics.  A non-phonemic conception of segments is adopted, whereby the elemental content of segments, which is lexically established, may undergo changes determined by prosodic and segmental licensing.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • The syntax of (ditransitive) predicates of transference in Dialectal
           Brazilian Portuguese

    • Authors: Heloisa Maria M. Lima-Salles
      Abstract: This article examines the syntax of ditransitive predicates of transference in Dialectal Brazilian Portuguese (DBP), as opposed to Brazilian Portuguese (BP) and European Portuguese (EP) as well as other Romance languages. It is shown that in DBP and BP the goal argument is realized by the dative preposition para ‘to’, instead of the dative preposition a ‘to’, and the dative clitic lhe(s) ‘to him/her/them’, both found in EP (and other Romance languages). DBP further has a Double Object Construction (DOC) that is argued to be of the English DOC type, although it allows both the goal-theme and the theme-goal word orders. We further take into consideration the presence of reduced and non-reduced pronominal forms in DBP, which are found in all syntactic positions (subject, V complement, P complement, and DOC), except in the theme-goal word order of DOC, in which reduced forms in the singular are not found.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Agreement in Italian SLI children: a comparison between Determiner-Noun,
           Subject-Verb and Object-Verb agreement

    • Authors: Vincenzo Moscati, Ilenia Vottari
      Abstract: In this paper, we present the results of a new forced-choice task designed to test SLI children’s competence with three different agreement configurations: Determiner-Noun, Subject-Verb and Object-Verb agreement. Three populations of Italian-speaking children took part in the study and we compared the performance of a group of typically developing children with two groups of children diagnosed with phonological (P-SLI) or grammatical (G-SLI) Specific Language Impairment. Our study revealed that in this task the G-SLI group performed worse than the other two groups. We also found that the different agreement configurations under scrutiny introduced different degrees of complexity, with the Determiner-Noun condition being the easiest one. We discuss these results in relation to Clahsen’s (1997) Grammatical Agreement Deficit Hypothesis and to a more recent proposal presented in Moscati and Rizzi (2014). Furthermore, we also compared plural and singular S-V agreement morphology. Results indicate that in our comprehension task no extra cost is associated with plural morphology in none of the experimental groups.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Acquisition of Locative Case Markers in Finno-Ugric languages: A case
           study on Finnish L2

    • Authors: Giulia Bellucci, Lena Dal Pozzo
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is twofold: in the theoretical part we review the main proposals on the syntactic encoding of locatives and we sketch a new formalization which we fully develop in related work (Bellucci, Dal Pozzo, Franco, Manzini, in preparation); in the experimental part novel data on the acquisition of locative case markers by L2 lower-intermediate Finnish speakers, native speakers of Italian is discussed. The language combination we have chosen may be revealing in more than one respect: in Finnish four locative cases (inessive, illative-the so-called internal cases- and adessive and allative- the so-called external cases) broadly correspond to the Italian preposition a which can be used to express both stativity and directionality. We created a written translation task aimed at eliciting the locatives cases in the L2. Interestingly the L2 grammar is sensitive to the different properties of internal vs. external cases and stative vs. directional cases (non-native-like behaviour is also attested). A clear difference is found between stative and directional cases in the L2, a pattern already attested in Finnish L1 and atypical acquisition. Moreover, a difference is observed between internal and external cases, adding new evidence to previous findings.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • L’occitano di Guardia Piemontese tra conservazione, innovazione e
           mutamento: analisi di un corpus

    • Authors: Irene Micali
      Abstract: This article analyses the linguistic landscape inside the Occitan minority of Guardia Piemontese, in Calabria. In particular, the results of linguistic fieldwork will be set out to test the degree of vitality of the alloglot language. The progressive coexistence of Guardiolo with the Italian/Calabrian sociolinguistics reality and increasing language contact, have been the main causes of variation phenomena that have affected Guardia Piemontese. Through the analysis of a speech corpus, a series of morphosyntactic and lexical elements that appear to be the most significant in the minority language’s maintenance will be presented, in order to reveal forms of conservation, contamination and change in phono-morphological and syntactic structure, and in the training and consistency of the lexicon. The main aim is, therefore, to establish in a medium to long-term perspective, the chances of survival of the Occitan variety of Guardia Piemontese (Guardiolo).
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Per una descrizione linguistica dell’ucraino

    • Authors: Salvatore Del Gaudio
      Abstract: Ukrainian Studies have undoubtedly assisted at a rapid international proliferation in the last decades. Outside Ukraine, Austro-German and North American scholars have played an essential role in popularizing Ukrainian linguistic and sociolinguistic issues. The same cannot be said for the Italian Slavistic and Ukrainistic tradition, where, notwithstanding consistent contributions on Ukrainian culture, literature, history, language history and translation, papers devoted to linguistic issues and/or aimed at a formal description of the Ukrainian language are almost inexistent. Even among Italian linguists, and despite the large presence of Ukrainian communities in Italy, very little is known about this language. For the reasons just expressed, we undertake, in this article, the task to provide a preliminary description of Ukrainian aimed at Italian academic readers.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Time in Ancient Hebrew Lexicon: The Case of yrḥ and
           ḥdš

    • Authors: Alberto Legnaioli
      Abstract: This paper presents the linguistic data concerning two lexemes that belong in the lexical field of time, yrḥ and ḥdš. Coseriu’s methodological principles of structural lexematics are applied to the study of the ancient Hebrew lexicon. The analysis consists of five steps: distributional, classematic, syntagmatic, componential and paradigmatic analyses. Through these steps the meanings of these signifiers are described in detail and three lexical units are identified: ḥdš1 ‘month’, ḥdš2 ‘(day of) New Moon’ and yrḥ ‘month’. ḥdš1 and yrḥ seem to be interchangeable variants. The role of the latter as an archaism could not be proved, given the scarcity of the data and the ‘resurgence’ of the substantive at a later phase (LBH3).


      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Tarfīq versus Tazyīq On a Rare Sufi Term in Ibn Baṭṭūṭā and
           Jewish-Muslim Interactions in Medieval Egypt

    • Authors: Giuseppe Cecere
      Abstract: The present paper focuses on two variant readings (tarfīq vs. tazyīq) of a rare Sufi term employed by Ibn Baṭṭūta (d. 1377) in his famous travelogue (Riḥla) to describe the “head between knees” Sufi practice. Indeed, evidence in support of the reading tazyīq was found by Paul Fenton (1990) in a thirteenth-century Judeo-Arabic text emanating from the Egyptian Jewish Sufi circle of Avraham Maimonides (d. 1237). However, specialists of Ibn Baṭṭūta have not taken full advantage from Fenton’s finding until now. In this framework, the present paper has two main objectives: (1) reconsidering the tarfīq vs. tazyīq dilemma on the historical background of textual studies on the Riḥla and supporting Fenton’s choice in favor of tazyīq; (2) interpreting Ibn Baṭṭūta’s references to this Sufi posture, in the light of Jewish and Islamic mystical literature, and of the socio-religious context of Medieval Egypt, with special focus on the Islamic Sufi group of the Shādhiliyya and their attitudes towards Jews and Judaism.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
  • Terminologia e corpora a supporto della didattica della lingua cinese in
           ambito specialistico

    • Authors: Serena Zuccheri
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present a research project on Chinese teaching. The paper focuses on the training of professional translators and interpreters in highly specialized fields. It also meets specific requirements set both by Chinese patients living in Italy and Italian health care providers. Following a brief introduction outlining the reasons why we chose the medical field, the paper will discuss (a) the methodological criteria adopted for the construction of Chinese-Italian ad hoc corpora in the medical subfields chosen for the project (pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium); (b) the creation of bilingual terminological records for teaching purposes; and (c) the production of different kinds of classroom exercises and activities and their validation. Finally, the paper will present some considerations for the future development of the project itself.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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